Introduction to occupation : the art and science of living ; new multidisciplinary perspectives for understanding human occupation as a central feature of individual experience and social organization


Author: Charles H. Christiansen,Elizabeth A. Townsend

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780132376846

Category: Human behavior

Page: 434

View: 5913

The second edition of Introduction to Occupation: The Art and Science of Living, presents the latest knowledge about occupation so that each of us around the world may understand how to seize and harvest our days for health, well-being, happiness and the development of more just and peaceful societies. Introduction to Occupation will appeal to any student, practitioner, researcher or educator with an interest in everyday life. Practical as well as conceptual, this book challenges readers to look beyond occupation as just "work" to include all the ways in which we occupy ourselves showing how what we do forms our lifestyle, and how occupations are enfolded to create a balanced or unbalanced style of life. Broad in perspective, it explores both informal and formal ways for studying occupation, provides a model and framework for studying occupational development across the lifespan, and considers issues and insights surrounding a variety of "occupational" topics.

Introduction to Occupation

The Art and Science of Living


Author: Charles Christiansen,Elizabeth A. Townsend

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780130133038

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 5321

There is an old story about people describing an elephant, one by touching a leg, one by sitting on the elephant, one by feeling it blow through its large trunk, and so on. Each person has a different understanding of the elephant. Their collected descriptions describe the strength, gentleness, and force of the elephant from different perspectives. To fully understand the elephant, it is necessary to collect many perspectives and to present them as parts of a profile. Now, consider the English wordoccupation.No doubt many images come to mind. In contemplating this book, our goal was to provide a variety of ways for people to consider how humans occupy their time, dedicate their energy, realize their sense of personhood, and organize their societies. Occupations can be considered in economic terms, in social terms, as expressions of personality, or as "doings" that influence health and well-being. Historically, the literature of human occupation has focused on particular perspectives. There have been books on time use, books on leisure and work, books on occupational hazards and safety, and books on occupational medicine and occupational therapy, among others. But no book has previously invited authors from a range of disciplines and backgrounds to explore what people do, and why, how, where, with whom, and to what consequences these everyday occupations collectively define, organize, and influence our lives. This book takes the view that occupations include all meaningful acts that collectively define and give meaning to daily living. In his bookActs of Meaning,Jerome Bruner has written that people understand their lives through stories. He then points out that these stories are constructed from the acts that are central to everyday human occupations. In this book, the acts that comprise and give meaning to lives are explored in all their complexity, providing awareness that this is a topic that is large and complex like an elephant. We are delighted that the many talented contributors were willing to share their different points of view in this volume. Our hope is that, collectively, their views of occupation will help readers from many diverse areas gain a broader and enriched perspective of occupations, both as a means of social classification and as a powerful array of experiences shaping everyday life in both obvious and subtle ways. We present you with a book that examines what people do in their everyday worlds. We invite you to consider the various forces that shape the world of occupations and to reflect on how those experiences shape individuals and communities in the world. As you consider the writings in this book, we invite you to explore individual ideas in more detail through focused readings found through examination of the supporting literature for each chapter and to visit the companion web site for additional opportunities to explore topics. We then challenge you to consider your own occupations and to reflect on how they can be used to shape the meaning of your life story and how occupations might be organized in your culture or community. This is the first editorial collaboration between two people who share a passion for learning about occupations in everyday life. Through this book, we invite you to join us in an engaging and enlightening occupational pursuit. We are indebted to John Robinson, a pioneer in the study of time use related to human occupation, for his contribution to this volume. We acknowledge with appreciation the work of Linda Buxell, Mark Cohen, Charles Hayden, Melissa Kerrian, and Judy Wolf, who made the occupation of editing this book an enjoyable and memorable chapter in our own life stories.

Introduction to Occupation: Pearson New International Edition

The Art of Science and Living


Author: Charles Christiansen,Elizabeth Townsend

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 9781292039046

Category: Human behavior

Page: 376

View: 3337

Taking a global look at human occupation, this groundbreaking text comprehensively explores people's participation in their respective lives' endeavors within their environments, their societies, and with each other. A renowned team of authors takes the view that occupations include all meaningful acts that collectively define and give meaning to daily life. This resource communicates a breadth of new information on the study of occupation-the defining experiences that reflect how culture, values, and opportunities shape everyday life."

The Art and Science of Motivation

A Therapist's Guide to Working with Children


Author: Jenny Ziviani,Anne A. Poulsen,Monica Cuskelly

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1849051259

Category: Psychology

Page: 293

View: 6229

The authors' groundbreaking approach to working with children and their parents or caregivers places motivation at the heart of all encounters and therapeutic activities. The book provides readers with both a theoretical and practical understanding of methods for engaging and working successfully with children with a range of difficulties, from physical disabilities to learning disabilities and emotional and behavioral difficulties. The authors present an innovative new paradigm - the model of Synthesis of Child, Occupational Performance and Environment - In Time (SCOPE-IT) - for working with these groups to enhance motivation and engagement and to achieve the best possible treatment outcomes. The challenges professionals may face are clearly addressed, and the contributors also explain how the therapist's use of language may influence motivation. Engaging clinical examples bring to life the SCOPE-IT model, and the book closes with an extended case study of the therapeutic journey of one individual, his parents and a therapist, placing the key concepts from the preceding chapters in a richly human and personal context. Combining research-based theory with a wealth of tools and strategies for practice, this book will be inspiring reading for all those working therapeutically with children and young people, including occupational therapists, speech and language therapists, counselors, psychologists and psychotherapists.

Foundations for Practice in Occupational Therapy - E-BOOK


Author: Edward A. S. Duncan

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702046612

Category: Medical

Page: 282

View: 6956

Now in its fifth edition, the internationally acclaimed Foundations for Practice in Occupational Therapy continues to provide a practical reference tool which is both an indispensable guide to undergraduates and a practical reference tool for clinicians in the application of models and theories to practice. Underlining the importance and clinical relevance of theory to practice, the text provides an excellent introduction to the theoretical basis of occupational therapy. Contributions are given by both academics and expert clinicians. All chapters have been revised and updated, new ones have been written and some pre-existing chapters have new authors. A refined structure uses highlight boxes to indicate the key themes and issues of each chapter and useful reflective questions to help the reader review the issues raised in the chapter. Discusses evidence-based practices and established theories but also includes contemporary developments Range of expert contributors provide an international perspective of practice Case studies highlighting the application of theory to practice Details of the latest developments and debates in the field 2 chapters on the PEOP model and community-based rehabilitation Highlight boxes throughout indicating key themes/issues Reflective questions at the end of each chapter

Occupational Therapy and Physical Dysfunction E-Book

Enabling Occupation


Author: Michael Curtin,Matthew Molineux,Jo-Anne Webb (formerly Supyk/Mellson)

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048771

Category: Medical

Page: 672

View: 8777

The sixth edition of this classic book remains a key text for occupational therapists, supporting their practice in working with people with physical impairments, stimulating reflection on the knowledge, skills and attitudes which inform practice, and encouraging the development of occupation-focused practice. Within this book, the editors have addressed the call by leaders within the profession to ensure that an occupational perspective shapes the skills and strategies used within occupational therapy practice. Rather than focusing on discrete diagnostic categories the book presents a range of strategies that, with the use of professional reasoning, can be transferred across practice settings. The new editors have radically updated the book, in response to the numerous internal and external influences on the profession, illustrating how an occupational perspective underpins occupational therapy practice. A global outlook is intrinsic to this edition of the book, as demonstrated by the large number of contributors recruited from across the world. Covers everything the student needs within the physical disorders part of their course Links theory of principles to practice and management Written and edited by a team of internationally experienced OT teachers, clinicians and managers Gives key references and further reading lists for more detailed study Written within a framework of lifespan development in line with current teaching and practice Includes practice scenarios and case studies Focuses on strategies Subtitle reflecting the primacy of occupation in occupational therapy practice Inclusion of practice scenarios to illustrate the application of theory to practice Features such as chapter summaries and key points, providing a quick overview of each chapter A focus on strategies rather than diagnostic categories Consideration of individuals, groups and communities An international perspective Language that is person-centred and inclusive New editorial team endorsed by the former editors including Annie Turner


Promoting Participation & Productivity Through Occupational Therapy


Author: Brent Braveman,Jill J Page

Publisher: F.A. Davis

ISBN: 0803629958

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 3965

Here's the first book of its kind to provide a comprehensive overview of the full range of occupational therapy interventions for work-related services. The authors build a foundation of knowledge based on the development of the worker role, the meaning and function of work in modern day society, and cultural interpretations of work. They then focus on specialized areas of occupational therapy assessment and intervention, including psychosocial and physical assessment and preventative programming.

Mosby's Q & A Review for the Occupational Therapy Board Examination - E-Book


Author: Patricia Bowyer,Dorothy P. Bethea

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323062229

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 1867

Questions focus on the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework (OTPF) as well as the results from the practice analysis completed by NBCOT. Questions cross the spectrum of occupational therapy process - evaluation, intervention planning, intervention, service management, and outcomes of a variety of populations including pediatric, mental health, and adult physical and neurological conditions. Practice environments such as the community, school-based and hospital based care are covered throughout. Specific references for every question and a comprehensive list of resources are provided at the end of the book for further study. Rationales for answer options are provided to explain why the correct answer is right and the other choices are wrong. Provides information on the format of the NBCOT exam and tips for studying and answering test questions.

Occupational Therapy with Elders - E-Book

Strategies for the Occupational Therapy Assistant


Author: Rene Padilla,Sue Byers-Connon,Helene Lohman

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323072267

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 2240

The only comprehensive book on geriatric occupational therapy designed specifically for the COTA, Occupational Therapy with Elders: Strategies for the COTA, 3rd Edition provides in-depth coverage of each aspect of geriatric practice, from wellness and prevention to death and dying. A discussion of foundational concepts includes aging trends and strategies for elder care, and coverage of emerging areas includes low-vision rehabilitation, mobility issues including driving, and Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia. Expert authors René Padilla, Sue Byers-Connon, and Helene Lohman offer an unmatched discussion of diverse populations and the latest on geriatric policies and procedures in this fast-growing area of practice. Unique! A focus on the occupational therapy assistant highlights the importance of COTAs to the care of elder clients. Case studies illustrate principles and help you apply what you've learned to actual situations. Key terms, chapter objectives, and review questions highlight important content in each chapter. Use of the term "elder" reduces the stereotypical role of dependent patients and helps to dispel myths about aging. A multidisciplinary approach demonstrates how the OT and the COTA can collaborate effectively. Unique! Attention to diverse populations and cultures prepares you to respect and care for clients of different backgrounds. Unique! The companion Evolve website makes review easier with more learning activities, references linked to MEDLINE abstracts, and links to related OT sites. Unique! A discussion of elder abuse, battered women, and literacy includes information on how the COTA can address these often-overlooked issues. New information on alternative treatment settings for elders reflects new trends in OT care. Updated information on Medicare, Medicaid, and HIPAA regulations discusses the latest policies and how to incorporate the newest procedures into practice. Significant additions are made to the chapters on public policy, dementia, and oncology.

Understanding the Australian Health Care System - E-Book


Author: Eileen Willis,Louise Reynolds,Helen Keleher

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729581039

Category: Medical

Page: 444

View: 4373

A updated overview of Australia’s health care system, addressing its core features, concepts and issues Understanding the Australian Health Care System, 2nd edition is an excellent university book for undergraduate and postgraduate students alike. Published four years after the original, this second edition has been fully revised to reflect major Australian health care reform. Its fully up-to-date content includes current governmental and legislative changes impacting Australia’s health care system. Other topics addressed include quality and safety within the system, health insurance in Australia – both public and private – the PBS and integrated medicine. This outstanding medical book delves deeply into the system’s theoretical framework, structure and organisation and includes comparisons with the US and UK health care systems. This new edition of Understanding the Australian Health Care System will be a valuable reference for those studying health science, health promotion, sports and exercise science, physiotherapy, human services, nursing, midwifery, medicine, paramedicine, health system management, medical radiations science and health informatics. Online student and instructor resources Stronger focus on social determinants throughout text Addresses a wide range of health professions – now including disability professionals and social workers Current theoretical framework for healthcare reform (Tuohy 2009) Stronger focus on social determinants throughout text Addresses current position on national registration Features an excellent ancillary package on Elsevier’s Evolve platform Includes three new chapters addressing: disability professionals; quality and safety; and social work Reflects major health care reform in Australia (COAG 2009) Discusses current theoretical framework for healthcare reform (Tuohy 2009) New contributors

Occupational Therapies without Borders - Volume 2 E-Book

Towards an ecology of occupation-based practices


Author: Frank Kronenberg,Nick Pollard,Dikaios Sakellariou

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049115

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 7443

The companion text to Occupational Therapy without Borders - Volume 1: learning from the spirit of survivors! In this landmark text writers from around the world discuss a plurality of occupation-based approaches that explicitly acknowledge the full potential of the art and science of occupational therapy. The profession is presented as a political possibilities-based practice, concerned with what matters most to people in real life contexts, generating practice-based evidence to complement evidence-based practice. As these writers demonstrate, occupational therapies are far more than, as some critical views have suggested, a monoculture of practice rooted in Western modernity. Nobel Peace Laureate Desmond Tutu captures the ethos of this book, which essentially calls for engagements in the service of a purpose that is larger than the advancement of our profession's interests: "Your particular approach to advancing our wellbeing and health strikes me as both unique and easily taken for granted. Whilst you value and work with medical understandings, your main aim seems to go beyond these. You seem to enable people to appreciate more consciously how what we do to and with ourselves and others on a daily basis impacts on our individual and collective wellbeing. As occupational therapists you have a significant contribution to make [.] allowing people from all walks of life to contribute meaningfully to the wellbeing of others." Links philosophy with practical examples of engaging people in ordinary occupations of daily life as a means of enabling them to transform their own lives Includes contributions from worldwide leaders in occupational therapy research and practice Describes concrete initiatives in under-served and neglected populations Looks at social and political mechanisms that influence people’s access to useful and meaningful occupation Chapters increase diversity of contributions – geographically, culturally and politically Emphasis on practice, education and research maintains academic credibility A glossary and practical examples in nearly every chapter make text more accessible to students

Occupational Therapy in Psychiatry and Mental Health


Author: Rosemary Crouch,Vivyan Alers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118624203

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 9693

Comprehensive and informative, the extensively revised fifthedition of Occupational Therapy in Psychiatry and MentalHealth is an accessible overview of occupational therapy inpsychiatry, providing key information on a range of internationalmodels of occupational therapy as well as their practicalapplications. The fifth edition includes: • Case studies throughout to illustrate application oftheory to practice • Coverage of key concepts and issues in occupationaltherapy • New material on emerging areas of practice • Comprehensive information on assessment and treatmentfor children, adolescents and adults, covering key mental healthconditions Occupational Therapy in Psychiatry and Mental Health isan ideal resource for students in occupational therapy, newlyqualified and experienced practitioners, and other allied healthprofessionals seeking an up-to-date, globally relevant resource onpsychiatry and mental health care.

Moving Beyond Boundaries in Disability Studies

Rights, Spaces and Innovations


Author: Michele Moore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135743037

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 2306

What challenges are posed by changing transnational trends, agendas and movements that affect disabled people’s lives, and what can disabled people, their representative organisations and their governments do to advance the agenda for self-determination and inclusion? This book draws together the writing of academics and activists to depict the experience and perspective of disabled people in relation to a range of contemporary social changes, with a focus firmly on ways in which disabled people and their allies can act to counter disabling policies and practices. Throughout the book there is an emphasis on disabled people’s own voices and activism as the critical driver of theoretical critique and practical change. Chapters address a wide range of cultural, institutional and personal arenas to explore and contest the boundaries that disabled people seek to move beyond, from cross-border labour movements in Korea to experience of day services in England, from continuing and long-lasting realities of wars in Lebanon, Cambodia and Somalia to the beauty of harmony in Navajo traditions for understanding disability, from collective activism to individual participation in the Olympics. This book is recommended reading for students, researchers and activists interested in Disability Studies and is directly relevant to policy makers and practitioners in a position to reshape rights, spaces and innovations in response to the priorities disabled people feel and articulate are important for their lives. It was originally published as a special issue of Disability & Society.

Neurophysiologische Behandlung bei Erwachsenen

Grundlagen der Neurologie, Behandlungskonzepte, Hemiplegie verstehen


Author: Karl-Michael Haus

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642419291

Category: Medical

Page: 451

View: 7671

Den Alltag trainieren – den Alltag meistern ... ist in der Neurophysiologie Weg und Ziel für neurologisch betroffene Patienten, die Alltagsfähigkeiten durch eine Hemiplegie verloren haben. Statt die Symptome zu therapieren, um den Alltag zu verbessern, wird der Alltag genutzt, um aufbauend auf neurophysiologischen Grundlagen und den neuromuskulären, funktionellen Zusammenhängen, die Symptome zu behandeln. Neben den neurophysiologischen Grundlagen zeigt das Buch praxis- und alltagsnah wie ressourcenorientiert der Alltag in die die therapeutische Arbeit integriert werden kann, um die Selbständigkeit und Teilnahme und damit die Lebensqualität der Betroffenen rasch zu verbessern. Therapeuten erfahren hier u.a. Wie die Ressourcen der Klienten für die Therapie genutzt werden können Wie die Lust am Tun beim Patienten und am Lassen beim Therapeut gefördert wird Wie funktionelles Alltagstraining (F.A.T.) die ICF-Forderungen in Handlungskonsequenzen umsetzt Wie durch alltagsrelevante Praxisbezüge Aha- und Flow-Erlebnisse bei Patient und Therapeut entstehen. Dazu verknüpft dieses das Buch weiterführende Exkurse mit theoretischem Hintergrundwissen. Bewährte Verfahren aus bekannten Therapiekonzepten wie Bobath, Affolter und Perfetti werden in alltagsorientierte Vorgehensweisen umgesetzt. Patientenbeispiele und Abbildungen schaffen darüber hinaus zahlreiche Praxisbezüge. Das Buch vermittelt Ihnen die Kompetenzen, die Sie brauchen, eine individuell abgestimmte Therapie zu planen, zu begründen und erfolgreich umzusetzen. Neu in der 3. Auflage: Komplett aktualisiert und überarbeitet Neue Fallbeispiele mit zahlreichen Praxisbezügen und Abbildungen Dieses Buch ist für Lernende, Berufsanfänger, Wiedereinsteiger und erfahrene Praktiker: Alltagsorientiert, aktuell und anregend.

Occupation Analysis in Practice


Author: Lynette Mackenzie,Gjyn O'Toole

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444339974

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 9447

Occupation Analysis in Practice is the essential book for all future and current occupational therapists. It offers a practical approach to the analysis of occupations in real world practice. The book frames occupation as the key component for analysis and builds upon previous work limited to analysis at the activity level. It examines the interests, goals, abilities and contexts of individuals, groups, institutions and communities, along with the demands of the occupation. It presents examples of occupation analysis in different practice context including working with children, health promotion, indigenous health, medico-legal practice; mental health and occupational rehabilitation. The book has four sections. Section 1 introduces theoretical perspectives of the concept of occupation analysis and how such analysis relates to particular models of Occupational Therapy practice and the generic World Health Organisation International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Section 2 discusses analysis of particular components of occupation that support practice. These include culture, spirituality, home and community environments as well as self-care and leisure. Section 3 applies analysis of occupations to particular specialties encountered in practice. Section 4 considers the application of Occupation Analysis within professional reasoning and goal setting. FEATURES International team of contributors Examples of occupation analysis proforma Application to a wide range of practice areas. Glossary of key terms Incudes the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health.

Sterblich sein

Was am Ende wirklich zählt. Über Würde, Autonomie und eine angemessene medizinische Versorgung


Author: Atul Gawande

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104035849

Category: Self-Help

Page: 336

View: 1013

Ein Buch über das Sterben, das das Leben lehrt Die Medizin scheint über Krankheit und Tod zu triumphieren, doch sterben wir so trostlos wie nie zuvor. Der Bestsellerautor und renommierte Arzt Atul Gawande schreibt in seinem beeindruckenden Buch über das, was am Ende unseres Lebens wirklich zählt. Ungewöhnlich offen spricht er darüber, was es bedeutet, alt zu werden, wie man mit Gebrechen und Krankheiten umgehen kann und was wir an unserem System ändern müssen, um unser Leben würdevoll zu Ende zu bringen. Ein mutiges und weises Buch eines großartigen Autors, voller Geschichten und eigener Erfahrungen, das uns hilft, die Geschichte unseres Lebens gut zu Ende zu erzählen. »Dieses Buch ist nicht nur weise und sehr bewegend, sondern gerade in unserer Zeit unbedingt notwendig und sehr aufschlussreich.« Oliver Sacks »Die medizinische Betreuung ist mehr auf Heilung ausgelegt als auf das Sterben. Dies ist Atuls Gawandes stärkstes und bewegendstes Buch.« Malcolm Gladwell

Contexts of Nursing

An Introduction


Author: John Daly,Sandra Speedy,Debra Jackson

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729579255

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 5911

Contexts of Nursing 3e builds on the strengths of previous editions and continues to provide nursing students with comprehensive coverage of core ideas and perspectives underpinning the practice of nursing. The new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated. New material on Cultural Awareness and Contemporary Approaches in Nursing has been introduced to reflect the realities of practice. Nursing themes are discussed from an Australian and New Zealand perspective and are supported by illustrated examples and evidence. Each chapter focuses on an area of study within the undergraduate nursing program and the new edition continues its discussions on history, culture, ethics, law, technology, and professional issues within the field of nursing. update and revised with strong contributions from a wide range of experienced educators from around Australia & New Zealand new Chapter 17 Becoming a Nurse Leader has been introduced into the third edition to highlight the ongoing need of management in practice Chapter 20 Cultural Awareness Nurses working with indigenous people is a new chapter which explores cultural awareness, safety and competence Chapter 22 Using informatics to expand awareness engages the reader on the benefits of using technology evidence-based approach is integrated throughout the text learning objectives, key words and reflective questions are included in all chapters

Introduction to the Principles of Plant Taxonomy


Author: V. V. Sivarajan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521355872

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 1632

Fully updated and revised, this new edition is an introduction to the theoretical principles that underlie the practice of plant taxonomy. Intended for all students of botany, this book views existing classification systems objectively, reflecting the rapid advances that have occurred in the field of plant taxonomy since the publication of the original text. A disproportionate emphasis on the practice of plant taxonomy has to some extent caused the science to be seen solely as the activity of plant identification. This book attempts to redress the balance by providing an introduction to the taxonomic theory upon which the identification is based.

People of the Earth , An Introduction to World History

Civilizations, Civilizations


Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467216925

Category: Education

Page: 41

View: 8039

Facts101 is your complete guide to People of the Earth , An Introduction to World History. In this book, you will learn topics such as PART III: Chapter 15 - Chapter 22, plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.