Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy

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Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486277240

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 1286

In the words of Bertrand Russell, "Because language is misleading, as well as because it is diffuse and inexact when applied to logic (for which it was never intended), logical symbolism is absolutely necessary to any exact or thorough treatment of mathematical philosophy." That assertion underlies this book, a seminal work in the field for more than 70 years. In it, Russell offers a nontechnical, undogmatic account of his philosophical criticism as it relates to arithmetic and logic. Rather than an exhaustive treatment, however, the influential philosopher and mathematician focuses on certain issues of mathematical logic that, to his mind, invalidated much traditional and contemporary philosophy. In dealing with such topics as number, order, relations, limits and continuity, propositional functions, descriptions, and classes, Russell writes in a clear, accessible manner, requiring neither a knowledge of mathematics nor an aptitude for mathematical symbolism. The result is a thought-provoking excursion into the fascinating realm where mathematics and philosophy meet — a philosophical classic that will be welcomed by any thinking person interested in this crucial area of modern thought.

Einführung in die mathematische Philosophie

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Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787321020

Category: Philosophy

Page: 237

View: 2821

Dem Versuch, die These zu stützen, daß Logik und Mathematik eins seien, hat Russell mehrere Bücher gewidmet, unter anderem das dreibändige, gemeinsam mit A. N. Whitehead verfaßte Werk "Principia Mathematica" (1910-1913). Die "Einführung in die mathematische Philosophie" faßt die Ergebnisse dieser Untersuchungen zusammen, ohne Kenntnisse der mathematischen Symbolik vorauszusetzen. Sie ist zuweilen und mit Recht "eine bewundernswerte Exposition des Monumentalwerks Principia Mathematica" genannt worden; und sie ist zugleich etwas anderes, insofern sie eine relativ eigenständige Einführung in die Grundlagen der Mathematik und der Erkenntnistheorie darstellt.Das Buch entstand 1918 im Gefängnis von Brixton, wo Russell eine sechsmonatige Haftstrafe für seine pazifistische Tätigkeit während des 1. Weltkrieges absaß. Es ist sehr anregend zu lesen, wie beinahe alles, was Bertrand Russell geschrieben hat, und es ist ein Buch von der Art, wie es nur jemand wie Russell schreiben kann, wenn er im Gefängnis sitzt und keine Hilfsmittel hat und sich daher entschließt, allen technischen Ballast abzustreifen. Anders als die heute üblichen Texte im Bereich der Philosophie der Mathematik läßt Russell seine Leser immer an seinem Denken teilhaben, an seinen Vermutungen und Irrtümern und an der Begeisterung, die er bei der Beschäftigung mit seinem Gegenstand empfindet. Da er einer der herausragenden Protagonisten des modernen wissenschaftlichen Empirismus und einer der Begründer der heute dominierenden Philosophie der Mathematik ist, gewinnt man auf diese Weise aus seinen Schriften einen einzigartigen Einblick in die Wechselfälle und Ideen der erkenntnistheoretischen und logischen Diskussionen dieses Jahrhunderts.Die Ausgabe bietet eine revidierte Fassung der deutschen Übersetzung des in den 20er Jahren prominenten Mathematikers E. J. Gumbel sowie W. Gordon.

Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language and Linguistics

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Author: Alex Barber,Robert J Stainton

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080965017

Category: Philosophy

Page: 836

View: 3053

The application of philosophy to language study, and language study to philosophy, has experienced demonstrable intellectual growth and diversification in recent decades. Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language and Linguistics comprehensively analyzes and evaluates many of the most interesting facets of this vibrant field. An edited collection of articles taken from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, Second Edition, this volume acts as a single-stop desk reference resource for the field, comprising contributions from the foremost scholars of philosophy of linguistics in their various interdisciplinary specializations. From Plato's Cratylus to Semantic and Epistemic Holism, this fascinating work authoritatively unpacks the diverse and multi-layered concepts of meaning, expression, identity, truth, and countless other themes and subjects straddling the linguistic-philosophical meridian, in 175 articles and over 900 pages. Authoritative review of this dynamic field placed in an interdisciplinary context Approximately 175 articles by leaders in the field Compact and affordable single-volume format

Concise Encyclopedia of Semantics

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Author: Keith Allan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080959696

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1102

View: 9505

Concise Encyclopedia of Semantics is a comprehensive new reference work aiming to systematically describe all aspects of the study of meaning in language. It synthesizes in one volume the latest scholarly positions on the construction, interpretation, clarification, obscurity, illustration, amplification, simplification, negotiation, contradiction, contraction and paraphrasing of meaning, and the various concepts, analyses, methodologies and technologies that underpin their study. It examines not only semantics but the impact of semantic study on related fields such as morphology, syntax, and typologically oriented studies such as ‘grammatical semantics’, where semantics has made a considerable contribution to our understanding of verbal categories like tense or aspect, nominal categories like case or possession, clausal categories like causatives, comparatives, or conditionals, and discourse phenomena like reference and anaphora. COSE also examines lexical semantics and its relation to syntax, pragmatics, and cognitive linguistics; and the study of how ‘logical semantics’ develops and thrives, often in interaction with computational linguistics. As a derivative volume from Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, Second Edition, it comprises contributions from 150 of the foremost scholars of semantics in their various specializations and draws on 20+ years of development in the parent work in a compact and affordable format. Principally intended for tertiary level inquiry and research, this will be invaluable as a reference work for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as academics inquiring into the study of meaning and meaning relations within languages. As semantics is a centrally important and inherently cross-cutting area within linguistics it will therefore be relevant not just for semantics specialists, but for most linguistic audiences. The first encyclopedia ever published in this fascinating and diverse field Combines the talents of the world’s leading semantics specialists The latest trends in the field authoritatively reviewed and interpreted in context of related disciplines Drawn from the richest, most authoritative, comprehensive and internationally acclaimed reference resource in the linguistics area Compact and affordable single volume reference format

Principia Mathematica.

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Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: 167

View: 6755

Objectivity, Science and Society

Interpreting nature and society in the age of the crisis of science

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Author: Paul A Komesaroff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135028427

Category: Philosophy

Page: 460

View: 6771

Originally published in 1986. This work remains of compelling interest to those concerned with the natural sciences and their social problems. It puts forward original and unorthodox ideas about the philosophy of and sociology of science, starting from the conviction that modern societies face deep problems arising from unresolved dilemmas about the meaning, content and technical applications of the theories of nature they employ. The book draws on insights developed within a variety of traditions to explore these problems, especially the work of Edmund Husserl and modern critical theory.

The Moral, Social and Political Philosophy of the British Idealists

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Author: William Sweet

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 1845405323

Category: Philosophy

Page: 337

View: 5422

The British idealists of the late 19th and early 20th century are best known for their contributions to metaphysics, logic, and political philosophy. Yet they also made important contributions to social and public policy, social and moral philosophy and moral education, as shown by this volume. Their views are not only important in their own right, but also bear on contemporary discussion in public policy and applied ethics. Among the authors discussed are Green, Caird, Ritchie, Bradley, Bosanquet, Jones, McTaggart, Pringle-Pattison, Webb, Ward, Mackenzie, Hetherington, Muirhead, Collingwood and Oakeshott. The writings of idealist philosophers from Canada, South Africa, and India are also examined. Contributors include Avital Simhony, Darin Nesbitt, Carol A. Keene, Stamatoula Panagakou, David Boucher, Leslie Armour, Jan Olof Bengtsson, Thom Brooks, James Connelly, Philip MacEwen, Efraim Podoksik, Elizabeth Trott and William Sweet.

Ludwig Wittgenstein

Philosophy and Language

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Author: Alice Ambrose,Morris Lazerowitz

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415295383

Category: Philosophy

Page: 325

View: 6261

First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Encyclopedia of language & linguistics

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Author: E. K. Brown,R. E. Asher,J. M. Y. Simpson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780080442990

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 4989

Grundprobleme der Philosophie

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Author: George Edward Moore

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110323729

Category: Philosophy

Page: 419

View: 6072

Der vorliegende Band ist die schriftliche Fassung einer Vorlesung, die Moore im Wintersemester 1910/11 an der Cambridge University als Einführung in die Philosophie gehalten hat und erst 1956, zwei Jahre vor seinem Tod, veröffentlicht wurde. Nach einer ausführlichen Erklärung dessen, was Philosophie überhaupt ist, was der Gegenstand und die Aufgabe der Philosophie ist, führt Moore im Ausgang von unseren sinnlichen Erfahrungen in das Gesamtgebiet der Philosophie ein. Behandelt werden Themen wie Existenz, materielle Dinge, Dinge in Raum und Zeit, Propositionen, Wissen und Erkennen, die Philosophie David Humes und weitere Themen. Der vorliegende Band ist sowohl für Philosophiestudenten und interessierte Laien zur Einführung in die Philosophie gut geeignet, als auch für den philosophischen Experten, der sich eingehender mit Moores Philosophie beschäftigen möchte.

Die Analyse des Geistes

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Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783936532296

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 8658

Die "Analyse des Geistes" ist nicht nur brillant und teilweis sogar humorvoll geschrieben, sondern gibt auf viele Grundfragen unseres Seinsverständnisses mit einer Gründlichkeit und Aufrichtigkeit des Denkens Antworten, die auch heute noch gültig und in ihrer Darstellung vorbildlich sind. - Obwohl Bertrand Russell einer jener Denker ist, die wie sein Schüler und Freund Wittgenstein in verschiedenen Epochen ihres Lebens sehr unterschiedliche philosophische Anschauungen vertreten haben, ist doch jede Phase seines Denkens in sich schlüssig. Nachdem R. bis ca. 1918 dem sog. Logischen Atomismus anhing, entwickelt er in diesem Buch eine Weltsicht, die einer Einheit der materiellen und geistigen Welt wieder näher kommt. Viele der hier geäußerten Argumente sind bis heute unwidersprochen.

Denken

Die großen Fragen der Philosophie

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Author: Simon Blackburn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783863120511

Category:

Page: 260

View: 7102

Contemporary British Philosophy

Personal Statements

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Author: J. H. Muirhead

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415295543

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 787

First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Philosophy of Space and Time

And the Inner Constitution of Nature

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Author: Michael Whiteman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317851900

Category: Philosophy

Page: 440

View: 3097

First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Nature of Thought

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Author: Brand Blanshard

Publisher: London : G. Allen & Unwin

ISBN: N.A

Category: Knowledge, Theory of

Page: 654

View: 5506