An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology

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Author: Matthias Steup

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130370952

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 878

This book offers a systematic and up-to-date account of the landscape of contemporary epistemology. It presupposes only a minimum of prior philosophical knowledge, and includes an account of the logical and conceptual tools needed for philosophical analysis. Focuses on the writings and ideas of W. Alston, R. Audi, L. BonJour, R. Chisholm, A. Goldman. H. Kornboith, K. Lehrer. A. Plantinga, W. V. Quine, E. Sosa, and B Stroud, among others; links particular theories and arguments to their chief proponents and critics.

An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

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Author: Dan O'Brien

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509512403

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 1704

An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge, 2nd Edition guides the reader through the key issues and debates in contemporary epistemology. Lucid, comprehensive and accessible, it is an ideal textbook for students who are new to the subject and for university undergraduates. The book is divided into five parts. Part I discusses the concept of knowledge and distinguishes between different types of knowledge. Part II surveys the sources of knowledge, considering both a priori and a posteriori knowledge. Parts III and IV provide an in-depth discussion of justification and scepticism. The final part of the book examines our alleged knowledge of the past, other minds, morality and God. In this extensively revised second edition there are expanded sections on epistemic luck, social epistemology and contextualism, and there are new sections on the contemporary debates concerning the lottery paradox, pragmatic encroachment, peer disagreement, safety, sensitivity and virtue epistemology. Engaging examples are used throughout the book, many taken from literature and the cinema. Complex issues, such as those concerning the private language argument, non-conceptual content, and the new riddle of induction, are explained in a clear and accessible way. This textbook is an invaluable guide to contemporary epistemology.

A Companion to Epistemology

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Author: Jonathan Dancy,Ernest Sosa,Matthias Steup

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444315097

Category: Philosophy

Page: 832

View: 1109

With nearly 300 entries on key concepts, review essays on central issues, and self-profiles by leading scholars, this companion is the most comprehensive and up-to-date single volume reference guide to epistemology. Epistemology from A-Z is comprised of 296 articles on important epistemological concepts that have been extensively revised to bring the volume up-to-date, with many new and re-written entries reflecting developments in the field Includes 20 new self-profiles by leading epistemologists Contains 10 new review essays on central issues of epistemology

Epistemology

A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

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Author: Robert Audi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134461968

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 1542

This comprehensive book introduces the concepts and theories central for understanding knowledge. It aims to reach students who have already done an introductory philosophy course. Topics covered include perception and reflection as grounds of knowledge, and the nature, structure, and varieties of knowledge. The character and scope of knowledge in the crucial realms of ethics, science and religion are also considered. Unique features of Epistemology: * Provides a comprehensive survey of basic concepts and major theories * Gives an up-to-date account of important developments in the field * Contains many lucid examples to support ideas * Cites key literature in an annotated bibliography.

Paradoxien

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Author: Richard M. Sainsbury

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150186909

Category:

Page: 333

View: 549

A Critical Introduction to Justification

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Author: Trent Dougherty,Jonathan Matheson,Kevin McCain,Jason Rogers

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781474274708

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 2083

Up-to-date and comprehensive, A Critical Introduction to Justification provides a new way of understanding and thinking about a wide range of different justified belief theories. Covering key issues in classical and contemporary theory, this unique introduction employs a series of case studies throughout, allowing the reader to think about theories, not just in the abstract, but as they apply to particular test case. Drawing attention to the traditional role attributed to justification in the theory of knowledge, this critical introduction takes up the traditional discussion of how justification is structured, how justified beliefs are related to one another and to whatever justifies them. It provides a detailed examination of key issues in the contemporary(and emerging) theory of evidence, discusses how justification transmits from one state to another, considers skepticism about justification and presents a series of arguments for the thesis that justification is worth seeking and thinking about. By reflecting on a number of cases - both standard and creative - and connecting the most classic material on justification with the most contemporary, the reader emerges solidly grounded in theories of justified belief and ready to engage with contemporary works of epistemology.

A Critical Introduction to Testimony

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Author: Axel Gelfert

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441193502

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 2801

A critical survey of the contemporary philosophical debate about the word of others as a source of knowledge, pointing to areas of future research.

A Critical Introduction to the Epistemology of Perception

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Author: Ali Hasan

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472526570

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 7743

We ordinarily take it as obvious that we acquire knowledge of our world on the basis of sensory perception, and that such knowledge plays a central cognitive and practical role in our lives. Upon reflection, however, it is far from obvious what perception involves and how exactly it contributes to our knowledge. Indeed, skeptical arguments have led some to question whether we have any knowledge, or even rational or justified belief, regarding the world outside our minds. Investigating the nature and scope of our perceptual knowledge and perceptually justified belief, A Critical Introduction to the Epistemology of Perception provides an accessible and engaging introduction to a flourishing area of philosophy. Before introducing and evaluating the main theories in the epistemology of perception, Ali Hasan sets the stage with a discussion of skepticism, realism, and idealism in early modern philosophy, theories of perceptual experience (sense-datum theory, adverbialism, intentionalism, and metaphysical disjunctivism), and central controversies in general epistemology. Hasan then surveys the main theories in the contemporary debate, including coherentism, abductivism, phenomenal conservatism or dogmatism, reliabilism, and epistemological disjunctivism, presenting the motivations and primary objections to each. Hasan also shows how to avoid confusing metaphysical issues with epistemological ones, and identifies interesting connections between the epistemology and metaphysics of perception. For students in epistemology or the philosophy of perception looking to better understand the central questions, concepts, and debates shaping contemporary epistemology, A Critical Introduction to the Epistemology of Perception is essential reading.

An Introduction to Epistemology

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Author: Jack S. Crumley

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: 9780767400084

Category: Medical

Page: 299

View: 8617

This text offers a comprehensive introduction to traditional and contemporary issues in epistemology and a balanced treatment of the principal positions in the field. Crumley provides a straightforward introduction to complex topics, then gradually develops their major lines of argument in a patient, thorough manner that students will find accessible.

Epistemology

A Guide

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Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118698975

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 471

Designed to accompany Epistemology: An Anthology or standalone as a concise primer, this is a straightforward and accessibleintroduction to contemporary epistemology for those studying thetopic for the first time. A step-by-step introduction to contemporary epistemology, withcoverage of skepticism, epistemic justification, epistemic closure,virtue epistemology, naturalized epistemology, and more Explains the main arguments of the most influentialpublications from the last 50 years Contextualizes key concepts and themes, instead of treatingthem in isolation Straightforward and accessible for those studying the topic forthe first time Designed to accompany the second editionof Epistemology: An Anthology (Wiley Blackwell, 2008),but stands on its own as a concise introduction to the key ideasand arguments in epistemology

An Introduction to Epistemology - Second Edition

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Author: Jack S. Crumley II

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 9781770481565

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 5769

The second edition of Jack Crumley’s An Introduction to Epistemology strikes a balance between the many issues that engage contemporary epistemologists and the contributions of the major historical figures. He shows not only how philosophers such as Descartes, Hume, Locke, Berkeley, and Kant foreground the contemporary debates, but also why they deserve consideration on their own terms. A substantial revision of the first edition, the second edition is even more accessible to students. The new edition includes recent work on contextualism, evidentialism, externalism and internalism, and perceptual realism; as well, the chapter on coherence theory is substantially revised, reflecting recent developments in that area. New to this second edition is a chapter on feminist epistemology, which includes discussions of major positions and themes, such as feminist empiricism, feminist standpoint epistemology, postmodern epistemology, and feminist critiques of objectivity. It presents the important contributions of philosophers such as Sandra Harding, Helen Longino, Genevieve Lloyd, and others. Each chapter ends with a list of study questions and readings for further study.

A Critical Introduction to Wisdom, Understanding and Virtue

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Author: Sharon Ryan

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781350021280

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 7280

By pulling together an assortment of epistemological problems relating to wisdom, this critical introduction provides a guide to contemporary discussions about wisdom and related controversies in epistemology. Beginning with its historical roots in both Eastern and Western philosophical thought, it introduces the nature of wisdom as understood by Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Descartes as well as Buddhism. Exploring debates about the ethics of belief, it examines the nature of knowledge; intellectual virtue and humility; skepticism; the value of leisure, faith and reason, disagreement and epistemological features of forgiveness. By connecting in exciting new ways to questions about intellectual virtue and epistemic responsibility, it tackles problems such as Can a wise person have faith in God? How would a wise person handle disagreement? Concluding with an original theory of wisdom, A Critical introduction to Wisdom and Understanding makes a significant scholarly contribution to contemporary philosophical debates on the nature of wisdom and the ethics of belief.

Philosophy of Action

An Anthology

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Author: Jonathan Dancy,Constantine Sandis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118879244

Category: Philosophy

Page: 424

View: 3533

The Philosophy of Action: An Anthology is anauthoritative collection of key work by top scholars, arrangedthematically and accompanied by expert introductions written by theeditors. This unique collection brings together a selection of themost influential essays from the 1960s to the present day. An invaluable collection that brings together a selection ofthe most important classic and contemporary articles in philosophyof action, from the 1960’s to the present day No other broad-ranging and detailed coverage of this kindcurrently exists in the field Each themed section opens with a synoptic introduction andincludes a comprehensive further reading list to guidestudents Includes sections on action and agency, willing and trying,intention and intentional action, acting for a reason, theexplanation of action, and free agency and responsibility Written and organised in a style that allows it to be used as aprimary teaching resource in its own right

A Critical Introduction to Skepticism

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Author: Allan Hazlett

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441144072

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 7302

Skepticism remains a central and defining issue in epistemology, and in the wider tradition of Western philosophy. To better understand the contemporary position of this important philosophical subject, Allan Hazlett introduces a range of topics, including: Â? Ancient skepticism Â? skeptical arguments in the work of Hume and Descartes Â? Cartesian skepticism in contemporary epistemology Â? anti-skeptical strategies, including Mooreanism, nonclosure, and contextualism Â? additional varieties of skepticism Â? the practical consequences of Cartesian skepticism Presenting a comprehensive survey of the key problems, arguments, and theories, together with additional readings, A Critical Introduction to Skepticism is an ideal guide for students and scholars looking to understand how skepticism is shaping epistemology today.

A Critical Introduction to the Epistemology of Memory

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Author: Thomas D. Senor

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 1472525590

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 1843

In this clear and up-to-date introduction, Thomas D. Senor lays the philosophical foundation needed to understand the justification of memory belief. This book explores traditional accounts of the justification of memory belief and examines the resources that prominent positions in contemporary epistemology have to offer theories of the memorial justification. Along the way, epistemic conservatism, evidentialism, foundationalism, phenomenal conservatism, reliabilism, and preservationism all feature. Study Questions and annotated Further Reading guides at the end of each chapter make this book ideal for classroom use and independent study. Written in very clear prose, A Critical Introduction to the Epistemology of Memory is a valuable resource for students approaching epistemology for the first time or those looking to advance their understanding of a core area of philosophy.

A Critical Introduction to Knowledge-How

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Author: J. Adam Carter,Ted Poston

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472509870

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 5582

We know facts, but we also know how to do things. To know a fact is to know that a proposition is true. But does knowing how to ride a bike amount to knowledge of propositions? This is a challenging question and one that deeply divides the contemporary landscape. A Critical Introduction to Knowledge-How introduces, outlines, and critically evaluates various contemporary debates surrounding the nature of knowledge-how. Carter and Poston show that situating the debate over the nature of knowledge-how in other epistemological debates provides new ways to make progress. In particular, Carter and Poston explore the question of what knowledge-how involves, and how it might come apart from propositional knowledge, by engaging with key epistemological topics including epistemic luck, knowledge of language, epistemic value, virtue epistemology and social epistemology. New frontiers for research on knowledge-how are also explored relating to the internalism - externalism debate as well as embodied and extended knowledge. A Critical Introduction to Knowledge-How provides an accessible introduction to the main arguments in this important and thriving debate suited for undergraduates and postgraduates in philosophy and related areas. A strength of the book is its methodology which places a premium on placing the debates over knowledge-how in a broader conversation over the nature of knowledge. This book also offers an opinionated discussion of various lines of argument which will be of interest to professional philosophers as well.

Berkeley

An Introduction

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Author: Jonathan Dancy

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631155096

Category: Philosophy

Page: 165

View: 2482

This new introduction to the main themes of Berkeley′s philosophy assumes no previous knowlege of philosophy and will be accessible to first-year students and to the interested general reader. It also offers and defends its own interpretation of Berkeley′ position. Jonathan Dancy argues that we understand Berkeley′s idealism best if we take seriously his claim that realism (the view that material things have an existence independent of the mind) derives from a mistaken use of abstraction. Stress is laid on Berkelye′s determination to use idealism to bring his God as close to us as possible. Instances of this are his claims that the world we live in is a collection of ideas in God′s mind, and that natural events are divine utterances which science is the attempts to interpret. Dancy also discusses Berkelye′s attack on the distinction between primary and secondary qualities, and his views on perception and knowledge. There is an account of his theory of the mind and of the nature of human action, and a final chapter contrasts the interpretation offered here with others. Students who have read this book will be well equipped to understand and assess the frequent references to Berkeley in current literature.