An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology

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Author: Matthias Steup

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130370952

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 4317

This book offers a systematic and up-to-date account of the landscape of contemporary epistemology. It presupposes only a minimum of prior philosophical knowledge, and includes an account of the logical and conceptual tools needed for philosophical analysis. Focuses on the writings and ideas of W. Alston, R. Audi, L. BonJour, R. Chisholm, A. Goldman. H. Kornboith, K. Lehrer. A. Plantinga, W. V. Quine, E. Sosa, and B Stroud, among others; links particular theories and arguments to their chief proponents and critics.

A Companion to Epistemology

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Author: Jonathan Dancy,Ernest Sosa,Matthias Steup

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444315097

Category: Philosophy

Page: 832

View: 463

With nearly 300 entries on key concepts, review essays on central issues, and self-profiles by leading scholars, this companion is the most comprehensive and up-to-date single volume reference guide to epistemology. Epistemology from A-Z is comprised of 296 articles on important epistemological concepts that have been extensively revised to bring the volume up-to-date, with many new and re-written entries reflecting developments in the field Includes 20 new self-profiles by leading epistemologists Contains 10 new review essays on central issues of epistemology

An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

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Author: Dan O'Brien

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509512403

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 6436

An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge, 2nd Edition guides the reader through the key issues and debates in contemporary epistemology. Lucid, comprehensive and accessible, it is an ideal textbook for students who are new to the subject and for university undergraduates. The book is divided into five parts. Part I discusses the concept of knowledge and distinguishes between different types of knowledge. Part II surveys the sources of knowledge, considering both a priori and a posteriori knowledge. Parts III and IV provide an in-depth discussion of justification and scepticism. The final part of the book examines our alleged knowledge of the past, other minds, morality and God. In this extensively revised second edition there are expanded sections on epistemic luck, social epistemology and contextualism, and there are new sections on the contemporary debates concerning the lottery paradox, pragmatic encroachment, peer disagreement, safety, sensitivity and virtue epistemology. Engaging examples are used throughout the book, many taken from literature and the cinema. Complex issues, such as those concerning the private language argument, non-conceptual content, and the new riddle of induction, are explained in a clear and accessible way. This textbook is an invaluable guide to contemporary epistemology.

Epistemology

A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

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Author: Robert Audi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134461968

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 9672

This comprehensive book introduces the concepts and theories central for understanding knowledge. It aims to reach students who have already done an introductory philosophy course. Topics covered include perception and reflection as grounds of knowledge, and the nature, structure, and varieties of knowledge. The character and scope of knowledge in the crucial realms of ethics, science and religion are also considered. Unique features of Epistemology: * Provides a comprehensive survey of basic concepts and major theories * Gives an up-to-date account of important developments in the field * Contains many lucid examples to support ideas * Cites key literature in an annotated bibliography.

A Critical Introduction to the Epistemology of Perception

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Author: Ali Hasan

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472526570

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 6762

We ordinarily take it as obvious that we acquire knowledge of our world on the basis of sensory perception, and that such knowledge plays a central cognitive and practical role in our lives. Upon reflection, however, it is far from obvious what perception involves and how exactly it contributes to our knowledge. Indeed, skeptical arguments have led some to question whether we have any knowledge, or even rational or justified belief, regarding the world outside our minds. Investigating the nature and scope of our perceptual knowledge and perceptually justified belief, A Critical Introduction to the Epistemology of Perception provides an accessible and engaging introduction to a flourishing area of philosophy. Before introducing and evaluating the main theories in the epistemology of perception, Ali Hasan sets the stage with a discussion of skepticism, realism, and idealism in early modern philosophy, theories of perceptual experience (sense-datum theory, adverbialism, intentionalism, and metaphysical disjunctivism), and central controversies in general epistemology. Hasan then surveys the main theories in the contemporary debate, including coherentism, abductivism, phenomenal conservatism or dogmatism, reliabilism, and epistemological disjunctivism, presenting the motivations and primary objections to each. Hasan also shows how to avoid confusing metaphysical issues with epistemological ones, and identifies interesting connections between the epistemology and metaphysics of perception. For students in epistemology or the philosophy of perception looking to better understand the central questions, concepts, and debates shaping contemporary epistemology, A Critical Introduction to the Epistemology of Perception is essential reading.

A Critical Introduction to Justification

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Author: Trent Dougherty,Jonathan Matheson,Kevin McCain,Jason Rogers

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781474274708

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 5073

Up-to-date and comprehensive, A Critical Introduction to Justification provides a new way of understanding and thinking about a wide range of different justified belief theories. Covering key issues in classical and contemporary theory, this unique introduction employs a series of case studies throughout, allowing the reader to think about theories, not just in the abstract, but as they apply to particular test case. Drawing attention to the traditional role attributed to justification in the theory of knowledge, this critical introduction takes up the traditional discussion of how justification is structured, how justified beliefs are related to one another and to whatever justifies them. It provides a detailed examination of key issues in the contemporary(and emerging) theory of evidence, discusses how justification transmits from one state to another, considers skepticism about justification and presents a series of arguments for the thesis that justification is worth seeking and thinking about. By reflecting on a number of cases - both standard and creative - and connecting the most classic material on justification with the most contemporary, the reader emerges solidly grounded in theories of justified belief and ready to engage with contemporary works of epistemology.

Epistemology

A Guide

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Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118698975

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 9279

Designed to accompany Epistemology: An Anthology or standalone as a concise primer, this is a straightforward and accessibleintroduction to contemporary epistemology for those studying thetopic for the first time. A step-by-step introduction to contemporary epistemology, withcoverage of skepticism, epistemic justification, epistemic closure,virtue epistemology, naturalized epistemology, and more Explains the main arguments of the most influentialpublications from the last 50 years Contextualizes key concepts and themes, instead of treatingthem in isolation Straightforward and accessible for those studying the topic forthe first time Designed to accompany the second editionof Epistemology: An Anthology (Wiley Blackwell, 2008),but stands on its own as a concise introduction to the key ideasand arguments in epistemology

What is this Thing Called Knowledge?

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Author: Duncan Pritchard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136976825

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 8016

What is Knowledge? Where does it come from? Can we know anything at all? This lucid and engaging introduction grapples with these central questions in the theory of knowledge, offering a clear, non-partisan view of the main themes of epistemology including recent developments such as virtue epistemology and contextualism. Duncan Pritchard discusses traditional issues and contemporary ideas in thirteen easily digestible sections, including: the value of knowledge the structure of knowledge virtues and faculties perception testimony and memory induction scepticism. What is this thing called Knowledge? contains many helpful student-friendly features including study questions, annotated further reading, a glossary and a guide to web resources. Clear and interesting examples are used throughout. This is an ideal first textbook in the theory of knowledge for undergraduates taking a first course in philosophy.

A Critical Introduction to Testimony

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Author: Axel Gelfert

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441193502

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 6597

A critical survey of the contemporary philosophical debate about the word of others as a source of knowledge, pointing to areas of future research.

An Introduction to Epistemology

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Author: Jack S. Crumley

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: 9780767400084

Category: Medical

Page: 299

View: 8193

This text offers a comprehensive introduction to traditional and contemporary issues in epistemology and a balanced treatment of the principal positions in the field. Crumley provides a straightforward introduction to complex topics, then gradually develops their major lines of argument in a patient, thorough manner that students will find accessible.

A Critical Introduction to Wisdom, Understanding and Virtue

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Author: Sharon Ryan

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781350021280

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 6309

By pulling together an assortment of epistemological problems relating to wisdom, this critical introduction provides a guide to contemporary discussions about wisdom and related controversies in epistemology. Beginning with its historical roots in both Eastern and Western philosophical thought, it introduces the nature of wisdom as understood by Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Descartes as well as Buddhism. Exploring debates about the ethics of belief, it examines the nature of knowledge; intellectual virtue and humility; skepticism; the value of leisure, faith and reason, disagreement and epistemological features of forgiveness. By connecting in exciting new ways to questions about intellectual virtue and epistemic responsibility, it tackles problems such as Can a wise person have faith in God? How would a wise person handle disagreement? Concluding with an original theory of wisdom, A Critical introduction to Wisdom and Understanding makes a significant scholarly contribution to contemporary philosophical debates on the nature of wisdom and the ethics of belief.

Philosophy of Action

An Anthology

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Author: Jonathan Dancy,Constantine Sandis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118879244

Category: Philosophy

Page: 424

View: 7312

The Philosophy of Action: An Anthology is anauthoritative collection of key work by top scholars, arrangedthematically and accompanied by expert introductions written by theeditors. This unique collection brings together a selection of themost influential essays from the 1960s to the present day. An invaluable collection that brings together a selection ofthe most important classic and contemporary articles in philosophyof action, from the 1960’s to the present day No other broad-ranging and detailed coverage of this kindcurrently exists in the field Each themed section opens with a synoptic introduction andincludes a comprehensive further reading list to guidestudents Includes sections on action and agency, willing and trying,intention and intentional action, acting for a reason, theexplanation of action, and free agency and responsibility Written and organised in a style that allows it to be used as aprimary teaching resource in its own right

A Critical Introduction to Skepticism

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Author: Allan Hazlett

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441154892

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 9348

Skepticism remains a central and defining issue in epistemology, and in the wider tradition of Western philosophy. To better understand the contemporary position of this important philosophical subject, Allan Hazlett introduces a range of topics, including: • Ancient skepticism • skeptical arguments in the work of Hume and Descartes • Cartesian skepticism in contemporary epistemology • anti-skeptical strategies, including Mooreanism, nonclosure, and contextualism • additional varieties of skepticism • the practical consequences of Cartesian skepticism Presenting a comprehensive survey of the key problems, arguments, and theories, together with additional readings, A Critical Introduction to Skepticism is an ideal guide for students and scholars looking to understand how skepticism is shaping epistemology today.

An Introduction to Epistemology - Second Edition

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Author: Jack S. Crumley II

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 9781770481565

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 759

The second edition of Jack Crumley’s An Introduction to Epistemology strikes a balance between the many issues that engage contemporary epistemologists and the contributions of the major historical figures. He shows not only how philosophers such as Descartes, Hume, Locke, Berkeley, and Kant foreground the contemporary debates, but also why they deserve consideration on their own terms. A substantial revision of the first edition, the second edition is even more accessible to students. The new edition includes recent work on contextualism, evidentialism, externalism and internalism, and perceptual realism; as well, the chapter on coherence theory is substantially revised, reflecting recent developments in that area. New to this second edition is a chapter on feminist epistemology, which includes discussions of major positions and themes, such as feminist empiricism, feminist standpoint epistemology, postmodern epistemology, and feminist critiques of objectivity. It presents the important contributions of philosophers such as Sandra Harding, Helen Longino, Genevieve Lloyd, and others. Each chapter ends with a list of study questions and readings for further study.

Berkeley

An Introduction

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Author: Jonathan Dancy

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631155096

Category: Philosophy

Page: 165

View: 5287

This new introduction to the main themes of Berkeley′s philosophy assumes no previous knowlege of philosophy and will be accessible to first-year students and to the interested general reader. It also offers and defends its own interpretation of Berkeley′ position. Jonathan Dancy argues that we understand Berkeley′s idealism best if we take seriously his claim that realism (the view that material things have an existence independent of the mind) derives from a mistaken use of abstraction. Stress is laid on Berkelye′s determination to use idealism to bring his God as close to us as possible. Instances of this are his claims that the world we live in is a collection of ideas in God′s mind, and that natural events are divine utterances which science is the attempts to interpret. Dancy also discusses Berkelye′s attack on the distinction between primary and secondary qualities, and his views on perception and knowledge. There is an account of his theory of the mind and of the nature of human action, and a final chapter contrasts the interpretation offered here with others. Students who have read this book will be well equipped to understand and assess the frequent references to Berkeley in current literature.

Al-Farabi and His School

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Author: Ian Richard Netton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113495980X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 128

View: 5898

Examines one of the most exciting and dynamic periods in the development of medieval Islam, from the late 9th to the early 11th century, through the thought of five of its principal thinkers, prime among them al-Farabi. This great Islamic philosopher, called 'the Second Master' after Aristotle, produced a recognizable school of thought in which others pursued and developed some of his own intellectual preoccupations. Their thought is treated with particular reference to the most basic questions which can be asked in the theory of knowledge or epistemology. The book thus fills a lacuna in the literature by using this approach to highlight the intellectual continuity which was maintained in an age of flux. Particular attention is paid to the ethical dimensions of knowledge.

Contemporary Debates in Epistemology

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Author: Matthias Steup,Ernest Sosa

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405107389

Category: Philosophy

Page: 348

View: 7506

Eleven pairs of newly commissioned essays face off on opposite sides of fundamental problems in current theories of knowledge. Brings together fresh debates on eleven of the most controversial issues in epistemology. Questions addressed include: Is knowledge contextual? Can skepticism be refuted? Can beliefs be justified through coherence alone? Is justified belief responsible belief? Lively debate format sharply defines the issues, and paves the way for further discussion. Will serve as an accessible introduction to the major topics in contemporary epistemology, whilst also capturing the imagination of professional philosophers.