Introduction to Abstract Mathematics

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Author: John F. Lucas

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780912675732

Category: Mathematics

Page: 382

View: 4520

This is a book about mathematics and mathematical thinking. It is intended for the serious learner who is interested in studying some deductive strategies in the context of a variety of elementary mathematical situations. No background beyond single-variable calculus is presumed.

Introduction to Proof in Abstract Mathematics

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Author: Andrew Wohlgemuth

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486141683

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 4557

This undergraduate text teaches students what constitutes an acceptable proof, and it develops their ability to do proofs of routine problems as well as those requiring creative insights. 1990 edition.

An Introduction to Abstract Mathematics

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Author: Robert J. Bond,William J. Keane

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478608056

Category: Mathematics

Page: 323

View: 2704

Bond and Keane explicate the elements of logical, mathematical argument to elucidate the meaning and importance of mathematical rigor. With definitions of concepts at their disposal, students learn the rules of logical inference, read and understand proofs of theorems, and write their own proofs all while becoming familiar with the grammar of mathematics and its style. In addition, they will develop an appreciation of the different methods of proof (contradiction, induction), the value of a proof, and the beauty of an elegant argument. The authors emphasize that mathematics is an ongoing, vibrant disciplineits long, fascinating history continually intersects with territory still uncharted and questions still in need of answers. The authors extensive background in teaching mathematics shines through in this balanced, explicit, and engaging text, designed as a primer for higher- level mathematics courses. They elegantly demonstrate process and application and recognize the byproducts of both the achievements and the missteps of past thinkers. Chapters 1-5 introduce the fundamentals of abstract mathematics and chapters 6-8 apply the ideas and techniques, placing the earlier material in a real context. Readers interest is continually piqued by the use of clear explanations, practical examples, discussion and discovery exercises, and historical comments.

Sets, Functions, and Logic

An Introduction to Abstract Mathematics, Third Edition

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Author: Keith Devlin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482286025

Category: Mathematics

Page: 160

View: 6046

Keith Devlin. You know him. You've read his columns in MAA Online, you've heard him on the radio, and you've seen his popular mathematics books. In between all those activities and his own research, he's been hard at work revising Sets, Functions and Logic, his standard-setting text that has smoothed the road to pure mathematics for legions of undergraduate students. Now in its third edition, Devlin has fully reworked the book to reflect a new generation. The narrative is more lively and less textbook-like. Remarks and asides link the topics presented to the real world of students' experience. The chapter on complex numbers and the discussion of formal symbolic logic are gone in favor of more exercises, and a new introductory chapter on the nature of mathematics--one that motivates readers and sets the stage for the challenges that lie ahead. Students crossing the bridge from calculus to higher mathematics need and deserve all the help they can get. Sets, Functions, and Logic, Third Edition is an affordable little book that all of your transition-course students not only can afford, but will actually read...and enjoy...and learn from. About the Author Dr. Keith Devlin is Executive Director of Stanford University's Center for the Study of Language and Information and a Consulting Professor of Mathematics at Stanford. He has written 23 books, one interactive book on CD-ROM, and over 70 published research articles. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a World Economic Forum Fellow, and a former member of the Mathematical Sciences Education Board of the National Academy of Sciences,. Dr. Devlin is also one of the world's leading popularizers of mathematics. Known as "The Math Guy" on NPR's Weekend Edition, he is a frequent contributor to other local and national radio and TV shows in the US and Britain, writes a monthly column for the Web journal MAA Online, and regularly writes on mathematics and computers for the British newspaper The Guardian.

Linear Algebra

An Introduction to Abstract Mathematics

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Author: Robert J. Valenza

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461209013

Category: Mathematics

Page: 237

View: 2519

Based on lectures given at Claremont McKenna College, this text constitutes a substantial, abstract introduction to linear algebra. The presentation emphasizes the structural elements over the computational - for example by connecting matrices to linear transformations from the outset - and prepares the student for further study of abstract mathematics. Uniquely among algebra texts at this level, it introduces group theory early in the discussion, as an example of the rigorous development of informal axiomatic systems.

Introduction to Abstract Mathematics

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Author: T. A. Bick

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483276597

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 1934

Introduction to Abstract Mathematics focuses on the principles, approaches, and operations involved in abstract mathematics, including metric spaces, sets, axiom systems, and open sentences. The book first offers information on logic and set theory, natural numbers, and integers and rational numbers. Discussions focus on rational numbers and ordered fields, ordering, arithmetic, axiom systems and methods of proof, functions of kindred matters, ordered pairs and relations, sets, and statements and open sentences. The text then examines real and complex numbers, metric spaces, and limits. Topics include generalized limits, continuous functions, openness, closedness, and neighborhood systems, definition and basic properties, and construction of R. The publication is a vital reference for mathematicians and students interested in abstract mathematics.

Linear Algebra as an Introduction to Abstract Mathematics

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Author: Isaiah Lankham,Bruno Nachtergaele,Anne Schilling

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814723797

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 1663

This is an introductory textbook designed for undergraduate mathematics majors with an emphasis on abstraction and in particular, the concept of proofs in the setting of linear algebra. Typically such a student would have taken calculus, though the only prerequisite is suitable mathematical grounding. The purpose of this book is to bridge the gap between the more conceptual and computational oriented undergraduate classes to the more abstract oriented classes. The book begins with systems of linear equations and complex numbers, then relates these to the abstract notion of linear maps on finite-dimensional vector spaces, and covers diagonalization, eigenspaces, determinants, and the Spectral Theorem. Each chapter concludes with both proof-writing and computational exercises.

Sets, functions, and logic

an introduction to abstract mathematics

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Author: Keith J. Devlin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412459702

Category: Mathematics

Page: 147

View: 4243

Introduction to Abstract Algebra

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Author: W. Keith Nicholson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118311736

Category: Mathematics

Page: 560

View: 7836

Praise for the Third Edition ". . . an expository masterpiece of the highest didacticvalue that has gained additional attractivity through the variousimprovements . . ."—Zentralblatt MATH The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Abstract Algebracontinues to provide an accessible approach to the basic structuresof abstract algebra: groups, rings, and fields. The book's uniquepresentation helps readers advance to abstract theory by presentingconcrete examples of induction, number theory, integers modulo n,and permutations before the abstract structures are defined.Readers can immediately begin to perform computations usingabstract concepts that are developed in greater detail later in thetext. The Fourth Edition features important concepts as well asspecialized topics, including: The treatment of nilpotent groups, including the Frattini andFitting subgroups Symmetric polynomials The proof of the fundamental theorem of algebra using symmetricpolynomials The proof of Wedderburn's theorem on finite division rings The proof of the Wedderburn-Artin theorem Throughout the book, worked examples and real-world problemsillustrate concepts and their applications, facilitating a completeunderstanding for readers regardless of their background inmathematics. A wealth of computational and theoretical exercises,ranging from basic to complex, allows readers to test theircomprehension of the material. In addition, detailed historicalnotes and biographies of mathematicians provide context for andilluminate the discussion of key topics. A solutions manual is alsoavailable for readers who would like access to partial solutions tothe book's exercises. Introduction to Abstract Algebra, Fourth Edition is anexcellent book for courses on the topic at the upper-undergraduateand beginning-graduate levels. The book also serves as a valuablereference and self-study tool for practitioners in the fields ofengineering, computer science, and applied mathematics.

Fundamentals of Mathematics

An Introduction to Proofs, Logic, Sets, and Numbers

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Author: Bernd S. W. Schröder

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470551387

Category: Mathematics

Page: 338

View: 3795

An accessible introduction to abstract mathematics with an emphasis on proof writing Addressing the importance of constructing and understanding mathematical proofs, Fundamentals of Mathematics: An Introduction to Proofs, Logic, Sets, and Numbers introduces key concepts from logic and set theory as well as the fundamental definitions of algebra to prepare readers for further study in the field of mathematics. The author supplies a seamless, hands-on presentation of number systems, utilizing key elements of logic and set theory and encouraging readers to abide by the fundamental rule that you are not allowed to use any results that you have not proved yet. The book begins with a focus on the elements of logic used in everyday mathematical language, exposing readers to standard proof methods and Russell's Paradox. Once this foundation is established, subsequent chapters explore more rigorous mathematical exposition that outlines the requisite elements of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory and constructs the natural numbers and integers as well as rational, real, and complex numbers in a rigorous, yet accessible manner. Abstraction is introduced as a tool, and special focus is dedicated to concrete, accessible applications, such as public key encryption, that are made possible by abstract ideas. The book concludes with a self-contained proof of Abel's Theorem and an investigation of deeper set theory by introducing the Axiom of Choice, ordinal numbers, and cardinal numbers. Throughout each chapter, proofs are written in much detail with explicit indications that emphasize the main ideas and techniques of proof writing. Exercises at varied levels of mathematical development allow readers to test their understanding of the material, and a related Web site features video presentations for each topic, which can be used along with the book or independently for self-study. Classroom-tested to ensure a fluid and accessible presentation, Fundamentals of Mathematics is an excellent book for mathematics courses on proofs, logic, and set theory at the upper-undergraduate level as well as a supplement for transition courses that prepare students for the rigorous mathematical reasoning of advanced calculus, real analysis, and modern algebra. The book is also a suitable reference for professionals in all areas of mathematics education who are interested in mathematical proofs and the foundation upon which all mathematics is built.

Introduction to Advanced Mathematics: A Guide to Understanding Proofs

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Author: Connie M. Campbell

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133168787

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

View: 3955

This text offers a crucial primer on proofs and the language of mathematics. Brief and to the point, it lays out the fundamental ideas of abstract mathematics and proof techniques that students will need to master for other math courses. Campbell presents these concepts in plain English, with a focus on basic terminology and a conversational tone that draws natural parallels between the language of mathematics and the language students communicate in every day. The discussion highlights how symbols and expressions are the building blocks of statements and arguments, the meanings they convey, and why they are meaningful to mathematicians. In-class activities provide opportunities to practice mathematical reasoning in a live setting, and an ample number of homework exercises are included for self-study. This text is appropriate for a course in Foundations of Advanced Mathematics taken by students who've had a semester of calculus, and is designed to be accessible to students with a wide range of mathematical proficiency. It can also be used as a self-study reference, or as a supplement in other math courses where additional proofs practice is needed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Introduction to Abstract Algebra

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Author: Derek J.S. Robinson

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110198169

Category: Mathematics

Page: 292

View: 8782

This is a high level introduction to abstract algebra which is aimed at readers whose interests lie in mathematics and in the information and physical sciences. In addition to introducing the main concepts of modern algebra, the book contains numerous applications, which are intended to illustrate the concepts and to convince the reader of the utility and relevance of algebra today. In particular applications to Polya coloring theory, latin squares, Steiner systems and error correcting codes are described. Another feature of the book is that group theory and ring theory are carried further than is often done at this level. There is ample material here for a two semester course in abstract algebra. The importance of proof is stressed and rigorous proofs of almost all results are given. But care has been taken to lead the reader through the proofs by gentle stages. There are nearly 400 problems, of varying degrees of difficulty, to test the reader's skill and progress. The book should be suitable for students in the third or fourth year of study at a North American university or in the second or third year at a university in Europe.

Introduction to Abstract Analysis

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Author: W. Light

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412310904

Category: Mathematics

Page: 208

View: 433

Abstract analysis, and particularly the language of normed linear spaces, now lies at the heart of a major portion of modern mathematics. Unfortunately, it is also a subject which students seem to find quite challenging and difficult. This book presumes that the student has had a first course in mathematical analysis or advanced calculus, but it does not presume the student has achieved mastery of such a course. Accordingly, a gentle introduction to the basic notions of convergence of sequences, continuity of functions, open and closed set, compactness, completeness and separability is given. The pace in the early chapters does not presume in any way that the readers have at their fingertips the techniques provided by an introductory course. Instead, considerable care is taken to introduce and use the basic methods of proof in a slow and explicit fashion. As the chapters progress, the pace does quicken and later chapters on differentiation, linear mappings, integration and the implicit function theorem delve quite deeply into interesting mathematical areas. There are many exercises and many examples of applications of the theory to diverse areas of mathematics. Some of these applications take considerable space and time to develop, and make interesting reading in their own right. The treatment of the subject is deliberately not a comprehensive one. The aim is to convince the undergraduate reader that analysis is a stimulating, useful, powerful and comprehensible tool in modern mathematics. This book will whet the readers' appetite, not overwhelm them with material.

Discrete Mathematics: Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning

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Author: Susanna S. Epp

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495826170

Category: Mathematics

Page: 648

View: 9569

Susanna Epp's DISCRETE MATHEMATICS: AN INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICAL REASONING, provides the same clear introduction to discrete mathematics and mathematical reasoning as her highly acclaimed DISCRETE MATHEMATICS WITH APPLICATIONS, but in a compact form that focuses on core topics and omits certain applications usually taught in other courses. The book is appropriate for use in a discrete mathematics course that emphasizes essential topics or in a mathematics major or minor course that serves as a transition to abstract mathematical thinking. The ideas of discrete mathematics underlie and are essential to the science and technology of the computer age. This book offers a synergistic union of the major themes of discrete mathematics together with the reasoning that underlies mathematical thought. Renowned for her lucid, accessible prose, Epp explains complex, abstract concepts with clarity and precision, helping students develop the ability to think abstractly as they study each topic. In doing so, the book provides students with a strong foundation both for computer science and for other upper-level mathematics courses. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Foundations of Abstract Mathematics

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Author: David C. Kurtz

Publisher: McGraw-Hill College

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 190

View: 9806

This text is designed for the average to strong mathematics major taking a course called Transition to Higher Mathematics, Introduction to Proofs, or Fundamentals of Mathematics. It provides a transition to topics covered in advanced mathematics and covers logic, proofs and sets and emphasizes two important mathematical activities - finding examples of objects with specified properties and writing proofs.

Introduction to Mathematical Proofs

A Transition to Advanced Mathematics, Second Edition

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Author: Charles Roberts

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482246880

Category: Mathematics

Page: 414

View: 8913

Introduction to Mathematical Proofs helps students develop the necessary skills to write clear, correct, and concise proofs. Unlike similar textbooks, this one begins with logic since it is the underlying language of mathematics and the basis of reasoned arguments. The text then discusses deductive mathematical systems and the systems of natural numbers, integers, rational numbers, and real numbers. It also covers elementary topics in set theory, explores various properties of relations and functions, and proves several theorems using induction. The final chapters introduce the concept of cardinalities of sets and the concepts and proofs of real analysis and group theory. In the appendix, the author includes some basic guidelines to follow when writing proofs. This new edition includes more than 125 new exercises in sections titled More Challenging Exercises. Also, numerous examples illustrate in detail how to write proofs and show how to solve problems. These examples can serve as models for students to emulate when solving exercises. Several biographical sketches and historical comments have been included to enrich and enliven the text. Written in a conversational style, yet maintaining the proper level of mathematical rigor, this accessible book teaches students to reason logically, read proofs critically, and write valid mathematical proofs. It prepares them to succeed in more advanced mathematics courses, such as abstract algebra and analysis.

An Introduction to Abstract Algebra

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Author: F. M. Hall

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521298612

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

View: 6607

This two-volume course on abstract algebra provides a broad introduction to the subject for those with no previous knowledge of it but who are well grounded in ordinary algebraic techniques. It starts from the beginning, leading up to fresh ideas gradually and in a fairly elementary manner, and moving from discussion of particular (concrete) cases to abstract ideas and methods. It thus avoids the common practice of presenting the reader with a mass of ideas at the beginning, which he is only later able to relate to his previous mathematical experience. The work contains many concrete examples of algebraic structures. Each chapter contains a few worked examples for the student - these are divided into straightforward and more advanced categories. Answers are provided. From general sets, Volume 1 leads on to discuss special sets of the integers, other number sets, residues, polynomials and vectors. A chapter on mappings is followed by a detailed study of the fundamental laws of algebra, and an account of the theory of groups which takes the idea of subgroups as far as Langrange's theorem. Some improvements in exposition found desirable by users of the book have been incorporated into the second edition and the opportunity has also been taken to correct a number of errors.

Introduction to Abstract Algebra, Third Edition

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Author: T.A. Whitelaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780751401479

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 4525

The first and second editions of this successful textbook have been highly praised for their lucid and detailed coverage of abstract algebra. In this third edition, the author has carefully revised and extended his treatment, particularly the material on rings and fields, to provide an even more satisfying first course in abstract algebra.