International Law and Civil Wars

Intervention and Consent

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Author: Eliav Lieblich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415507901

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 659

This book examines the international law of forcible intervention in civil wars, in particular the role of party-consent in affecting the legality of such intervention. In modern international law, it is a near consensus that no state can use force against another - the main exceptions being self-defence and actions mandated by a UN Security Council resolution. However, one more potential exception exists: forcible intervention undertaken upon the invitation or consent of a government, seeking assistance in confronting armed opposition groups within its territory. Although the latter exception is of increasing importance, the numerous questions it raises have received scant attention in the current body of literature. This volume fills this gap by analyzing the consent-exception in a wide context, and attempting to delineate its limits, including cases in which government consent power is not only negated, but might be transferred to opposition groups. The book also discusses the concept of consensual intervention in contemporary international law, in juxtaposition to traditional legal doctrines. It traces the development of law in this context by drawing from historical examples such as the Spanish Civil War, as well as recent cases such those of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, Libya, and Syria. This book will be of much interest to students of international law, civil wars, the Responsibility to Protect, war and conflict studies, and IR in general.

War, the State and International Law in Seventeenth-Century Europe

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Author: Dr Peter Schröder,Prof Dr Olaf Asbach

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409480623

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 5593

One of the great paradoxes of post-medieval Europe, is why instead of bringing peace to a disorganised and violent world, modernity instead produced a seemingly endless string of conflicts and social upheavals. Why was it that the foundation and institutionalisation of secured peace and the rule of law seemed to go hand-in-hand with the proliferation of war and the violation of individual and collective rights? In order to try to better understand such profound questions, this volume explores the history and theories of political thought of international relations in the seventeenth century, a period in which many of the defining features and boundaries of modern Europe where fixed and codified. With the discovery of the New World, and the fundamental impact of the Reformation, the complexity of international relations increased considerably. Reactions to these upheavals resulted in a range of responses intended to address the contradictions and conflicts of the anarchical society of states. Alongside the emergence of "modern" international law, the equation of international relations with the state of nature, and the development of the "balance of power", diplomatic procedures and commercial customs arose which shaped the emerging (and current) international system of states. Employing a multidisciplinary approach to address these issues, this volume brings together political scientists, philosophers, historians of political thought, jurists and scholars of international relations. What emerges is a certain tension between the different strands of research which allows for a fruitful new synthesis. In this respect the assembled essays in this volume offer a sophisticated and fresh account of the interactions of law, conflict and the nation state in an early-modern European context.

International Law and Politics

Key Documents

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Author: Shirley V. Scott

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: 9781588264428

Category: Law

Page: 841

View: 431

Unique in its breadth of coverage, this carefully designed collection presents the key documents of international law at the global level.The collection encompasses the full spectrum of central issues, with the documents grouped in eight subject areas: foundations, the use of force, arms control, international crime, human rights, humanitarian law, the environment, and the global commons. A short introduction to each document provides context and also points to supplementary documents. With only a few exceptions, each document is presented in its entirety.Other useful features include a glossary of terms; a chronological list of the treaties in the book, indicating the date the treaty was signed, the date it entered into force, the number of parties to the treaty, and other data; and a complete index.Shirley V. Scott is senior lecturer in international relations at the University of New South Wales. She is author of International Law in World Politics: An Introduction.Contents: Introduction. The Foundations of International Law. 1945, Charter of the United Nations. 1945, Statute of the International Court of Justice. 1961, Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. 1969, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. International Law and the Use of Force. 1842, The Caroline Case (excerpt). 1990, Authorizing the Gulf War: Security Council Resolution 678. 1991, The ?Cease-Fire Resolution?: Security Council Resolution 687. 1996, ICJ Advisory Opinion on the Legality of Nuclear Weapons (excerpt). 2001, Self-Defence and Afghanistan: Security Council Resolution 1368. 2002, US National Security Strategy (Excerpt). 2002, Resolution Preceding the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: Security Council Resolution 1441. 2002, UK Explanation of Its vote on Security Council Resolution 1441. Arms Control. 1968, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. 1972, Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems (Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty). 1972, Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention). 1993, Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling, and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention). 1996, Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty. 1997, Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and Their Destruction (Land Mines, or Ottawa, Convention). 2002, Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions. 2004, The Non-Transfer of WMD to Non-State Actors: Security Council Resolution 1540. International Criminal Law. 1948, Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. 1984, Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. 1997, International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings. 1998, The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. 1999, International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism. 2001, Establishing the Counter-Terrorism Committee: Security Council Resolution 1373. International Human Rights Law. 1948, Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 1951, Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. 1967, Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees. 1965, International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination. 1966, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1966, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1990, Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 1966, International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. 1979, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. 1989, Convention on the Rights of the Child. International Humanitarian Law. 1949, Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (Third Geneva Convention). 1949, Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (Fourth Geneva Convention). 1977, Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts. 1977, Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts. International Law and the Environment. 1989, Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. 1991, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. 1997, Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. 1992, Convention on Biological Diversity. 2002, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. 2001, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. The Global Commons. 1959, The Antarctic Treaty. 1967, Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. 1982, Third United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. 1994, Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. Appendixes. Glossary. Chronology of Treaties, with Status. Index.

Private International Law in Vietnam

On General Issues, Contracts and Torts in Light of European Developments

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Author: Thi Hong Trinh Nguyen

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161541858

Category: Law

Page: 279

View: 9691

After the Vietnamese War, civil relations with foreign elements have increased and, consequently, private international law has gained some importance in Vietnam. However, both the relevant legal provisions and the practice of the courts in Vietnam are insufficient. Trinh Nguyen studies Vietnamese private international law in light of European developments. She focuses in particular on the general issues, contracts and torts. She describes and assesses the currently effective provisions of Vietnamese law and the corresponding judicial practice of the courts. Together with the knowledge of European private international law, with the main emphasis on the Rome I and Rome II Regulation, she makes use of comparative law to propose future developments for Vietnam based on the critical evaluation of the western doctrine.

International Law, Politics and Inhumane Weapons

The Effectiveness of Global Landmine Regimes

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Author: Alan Bryden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113621996X

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 9876

This book contributes to contemporary debates on the effectiveness of international humanitarian law (IHL) in regulating or prohibiting inhumane weapons, such as landmines. Two treaties have emerged under IHL in response to the humanitarian scourge of landmines. However, despite a considerable body of related literature, clear understandings have not been established on the effectiveness of these international legal frameworks in meeting the challenges that prompted their creation. This book seeks to address this lacuna. An analytical framework grounded in regime theory helps move beyond the limitations in the current literature through a structured focus on principles, norms, rules, procedures, actors and issue areas. On the one hand, this clarifies how political considerations determine opportunities and constraints in designing and implementing IHL regimes. On the other, it enables us to explore how and why ‘ideal’ policy prescriptions are threatened when faced with complex challenges in post-conflict contexts. This book will be of much interest to students of international humanitarian law, global governance, human security and IR in general.

International Law and International Relations

Bridging Theory and Practice

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Author: Thomas J. Biersteker,Peter J. Spiro,Chandra Lekha Sriram,Veronica I. Raffo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134145772

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 3362

This unique volume examines the opportunities for, and initiates work in, interdisciplinary research between the fields of international law and international relations; disciplines that have engaged little with one another since the Second World War. Written by leading experts in the fields of international law and international relations, it argues that such interdisciplinary research is central to the creation of a knowledge base among IR scholars and lawyers for the effective analysis and governance of macro and micro phenomena. International law is at the heart of international relations, but due to challenges of codification and enforceability, its apparent impact has been predominantly limited to commercial and civil arrangements. International lawyers have been saying for years that 'law matters' in international affairs and now current events are proving them right. International Law and International Relations makes a powerful contribution to the theory and practice of global security by initiating a research agenda, building an empirical base and offering a multidisciplinary approach that provides concrete answers to real-world problems of governance. This book will be of great interest to all students of international law, international relations and governance.

War and the Law of Nations

A General History

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Author: Stephen C. Neff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139445238

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8419

This ambitious 2005 volume is a history of war, from the standpoint of international law, from the beginning of history to the present day. Its primary focus is on legal conceptions of war as such, rather than on the substantive or technical aspects of the law of war. It tells the story, in narrative form, of the interplay, through the centuries, between, on the one hand, legal ideas about war and, on the other hand, state practice in warfare. Its coverage includes reprisals, civil wars, UN enforcement and the war on terrorism. This book will interest historians, students of international relations and international lawyers.

The International Law of Civil War

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Author: Quincy Wright,Richard A. Falk

Publisher: Lawbook Exchange Limited

ISBN: 9781584777212

Category: Law

Page: 452

View: 8017

Originally published: Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, [1971]

The Human Dimension of International Law

Selected Papers of Antonio Cassese

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Author: Antonio Cassese

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199232911

Category: Law

Page: 539

View: 8982

This volume collects the most important papers of Antonio Cassese, one of the pre-eminent figures in international criminal justice. The papers offer the definitive statement of Cassese's thought, and a unique insight into some of the key developments in modern international law.

International Law and the Use of Force

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Author: Christine D. Gray

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199239142

Category: Law

Page: 455

View: 4199

This fully revised and updated second edition of International Law and the Use of Force explores the whole of the large and controversial subject of the use of force in international law- not only the use of force by states but also the role of the UN in peacekeeping and enforcement action, and the growing importance of regional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security.

International Law and Espionage

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Author: John Kish,David Turns

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041100306

Category: Law

Page: 162

View: 4428

2. Espionage in War at Sea.

Rechtserhaltende Gewalt — eine ethische Verortung

Fragen zur Gewalt •

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Author: Ines-Jacqueline Werkner,Torsten Meireis

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658224991

Category: Political Science

Page: 162

View: 6180

Mit dem gerechten Frieden geht - gerade wie er in der Friedensdenkschrift der Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland niedergelegt ist - für viele seiner Vertreterinnen und Vertreter eine Absage an die Lehre vom gerechten Krieg einher. Friedensordnung wird als Rechtsordnung begriffen. Mit diesem rechtsethischen Verständnis verbindet sich aber kein radikaler Pazifismus. Vielmehr bleibt Frieden auf die Durchsetzung des Rechts – und dafür steht der Terminus der rechtserhaltenden Gewalt – verwiesen. Ihre ethischen Kriterien werden dann aber wieder im Rückgriff auf den gerechten Krieg generiert. Diese Parallelität ist nicht unproblematisch. In einen anderen Rahmen gestellt gilt es, grundlegend über die Begründung und Verortung der rechtserhaltenden Gewalt neu nachzudenken.

International Law and International Relations

An International Organization Reader

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Author: Beth A. Simmons,Richard H. Steinberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946261X

Category: Political Science

Page: 737

View: 318

This 2007 volume is intended to help readers understand the relationship between international law and international relations (IL/IR). As a testament to this dynamic area of inquiry, new research on IL/IR is now being published in a growing list of traditional law reviews and disciplinary journals. The excerpted articles in this volume, all of which were first published in International Organization, represent some of the most important research since serious social science scholarship began in this area more than twenty five years ago. They are important milestones toward making IL/IR a central concern of scholarly research in international affairs. The contributions cover some of the main topics of international affairs to provide readers with a range of theoretical perspectives, concepts, and heuristics that can be used to analyze the relationship between international law and international relations.

The Vietnam War and International Law, Volume 3

The Widening Context

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Author: Richard A. Falk

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400868246

Category: Law

Page: 966

View: 9940

Issues of the war that have provoked public controversy and legal debate over the last two years—the Cambodian invasion of May-June 1970, the disclosure in November 1969 of the My Lai massacre, and the question of war crimes—are the focus of Volume 3. As in the previous volumes, the Civil War Panel of the American Society of International Law has endeavored to select the most significant legal writing on the subject and to provide, to the extent possible, a balanced presentation of opposing points of view. Parts I and II deal directly with the Cambodian, My Lai, and war crimes debates. Related questions are treated in the rest of the volume: constitutional debate on the war; the distribution of functions among coordinate branches of the government; the legal status of the insurgent regime in the struggle for control of South Vietnam; prospects for settlement without a clear-cut victory; and Vietnam's role in general world order. The articles reflect the views of some forty contributors: among them, Jean Lacouture, Henry Kissinger, John Norton Moore, Quincy Wright, William H. Rhenquist, and Richard A. Falk. Originally published in 1972. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The United Nations Security Council and War

The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945

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Author: Vaughan Lowe,Adam Roberts,Jennifer Welsh,Dominik Zaum

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191614939

Category: Political Science

Page: 816

View: 721

This is the first major exploration of the United Nations Security Council's part in addressing the problem of war, both civil and international, since 1945. Both during and after the Cold War the Council has acted in a limited and selective manner, and its work has sometimes resulted in failure. It has not been - and was never equipped to be - the centre of a comprehensive system of collective security. However, it remains the body charged with primary responsibility for international peace and security. It offers unique opportunities for international consultation and military collaboration, and for developing legal and normative frameworks. It has played a part in the reduction in the incidence of international war in the period since 1945. This study examines the extent to which the work of the UN Security Council, as it has evolved, has or has not replaced older systems of power politics and practices regarding the use of force. Its starting point is the failure to implement the UN Charter scheme of having combat forces under direct UN command. Instead, the Council has advanced the use of international peacekeeping forces; it has authorized coalitions of states to take military action; and it has developed some unanticipated roles such as the establishment of post-conflict transitional administrations, international criminal tribunals, and anti-terrorism committees. The book, bringing together distinguished scholars and practitioners, draws on the methods of the lawyer, the historian, the student of international relations, and the practitioner. It begins with an introductory overview of the Council's evolving roles and responsibilities. It then discusses specific thematic issues, and through a wide range of case studies examines the scope and limitations of the Council's involvement in war. It offers frank accounts of how belligerents viewed the UN, and how the Council acted and sometimes failed to act. The appendices provide comprehensive information - much of it not previously brought together in this form - of the extraordinary range of the Council's activities. This book is a project of the Oxford Leverhulme Programme on the Changing Character of War.

Compliant Rebels

Rebel Groups and International Law in World Politics

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Author: Hyeran Jo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316432432

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9698

Seventeen million people have died in civil wars and rebel violence has disrupted the lives of millions more. In a fascinating contribution to the active literature on civil wars, this book finds that some contemporary rebel groups actually comply with international law amid the brutality of civil conflicts around the world. Rather than celebrating the existence of compliant rebels, the author traces the cause of this phenomenon and argues that compliant rebels emerge when rebel groups seek legitimacy in the eyes of domestic and international audiences that care about humanitarian consequences and human rights. By examining rebel groups' different behaviors such as civilian killing, child soldiering, and allowing access to detention centers, Compliant Rebels offers key messages and policy lessons about engaging rebel groups with an eye toward reducing civilian suffering in war zones.

Political Violence and the International Community

Developments in International Law and Policy

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Author: Kirsti Samuels

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 1571053743

Category: Political Science

Page: 450

View: 9019

Are civil conflicts and coups d'etat matters of international concern, or questions of national interest only? How can the increasingly common practice of condemnation and intervention by the United Nations and individual States into situations of extreme political violence be understood? Will civil conflict one day be considered illegal under international law, in the same way as international war? Offering a penetrating analysis that unpacks the relationships between political violence, international policy and international law, and explores international practice in more than 30 civil conflicts, this book challenges many assumptions we hold about the dividingline between domestic and international affairs, whether democracy is an international norm, and how long the international community is prepared to sit on the sidelines and allow ruthless political violence to determine political leadership in nations. This book fills an important void andcaptures the complexities and tensions inherent in an area where practice has moved faster than theory, and pragmatism clashes with idealism.

Das Recht der Völker

Enthält: "Nochmals: Die Idee der öffentlichen Vernunft"

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Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110898535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 294

View: 1156

Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.