Immunology, Infection, and Immunity

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Author: Gerald Bryan Pier,Jeffrey B. Lyczak,Lee M. Wetzler

Publisher: Amer Society for Microbiology

ISBN: 9781555812461

Category: Medical

Page: 718

View: 2898

Covers both the foundation concepts of immunology, among the most exciting in modern biology and medicine, and their application to the real world of diseases and health. This new text combines clear narratives of how the immune system functions relying in many instances on supporting data from experiments. The editors use examples and illustrations depicting basic immunologic processes in conjunction with their role in infectious or other diseases in order to teach both basic and applied aspects of immunology. Ideally suited for upper division and graduate level students as well as medical and dental students with a good background in basic biology, biochemistry, genetics, and cell biology, the text complements traditional views and dogmas about immunology with today's cutting edge ideas and experimental data describing how the immune system works.

Infection & Immunity

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Author: John Playfair,Gregory Bancroft

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199609500

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 6839

Our immune system is a complex network of cells continually battling against a barrage of attacks from our environment, quite literally to save our lives. But what protects us from the potentially life-threatening microorganisms that surround us every day? Infection and Immunity describes the main causes of infection that our bodies have to battle against - from bacteria to viruses, fungi to protozoa - and explains the intricate andfascinating ways in which we respond, from detection of potentially dangerous organisms to their ultimate elimination. Presenting a fully-rounded, well-balanced overview of the field,the book also explains how diseases spread, and what measures we can take to control this spread - from vaccination to increasing awareness through public health initiatives.

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging

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Author: M. A. Hayat

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128094281

Category: Medical

Page: 370

View: 5548

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging, Volume 10 offer a valuable guide to both cellular processes, while encouraging researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Autophagy serves to maintain healthy cells, tissues, and organs, but also promotes cancer survival and growth of established tumors. Impaired or deregulated autophagy can also contribute to disease pathogenesis. This is the tenth volume of the multivolume series that discusses, in detail, almost all aspects of the autophagy machinery in the context of health, cancer, and other pathologies. Autophagy maintains homeostasis during starvation or stress conditions by balancing the synthesis of cellular components and their deregulation by autophagy. Volume 10 of the Autophagy series discusses the role of a novel binuclear palladacycle complex that inhibits melanoma growth through apoptosis and autophagy. Presents the most advanced information regarding the role of the autophagic system in life and death Contains a direct focus on the role of a novel binuclear palladacycle complex that inhibits melanoma growth Introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid in preventing detrimental inflammation States recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field from around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Insect Infection and Immunity

Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

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Author: Jens Rolff,Stuart Reynolds

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199551359

Category: Science

Page: 254

View: 3631

The study of insect immune systems has accelerated rapidly in recent years & is now becoming an important interdisciplinary field. This book provides a coherent synthesis & is clearly structured around three broadly themed sections: mechanisms, interactions, & evolutionary ecology.

Nutrition, Immunity and Infection

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Author: Prakash S. Shetty

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845937244

Category: Medical

Page: 206

View: 7677

Infectious diseases are an important cause of malnutrition. Recurrent infections increase the risk of malnutrition while poor nutritional status results in lowered immune status and predisposes to infectious disease thus propagating the vicious cycle of infection and malnutrition. The nutrition-infection-immunity axis is crucial for both developed and developing countries and is now a central feature of many nutrition and infectious disease courses. Bringing together nutrition and immunology, "Nutrition, Immunity and Infections" covers the topic in an accessible format for all studen.

Sex Hormones and Immunity to Infection

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Author: Sabra L. Klein,Craig W. Roberts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642021558

Category: Medical

Page: 319

View: 9000

Why sex matters Among human and nonhuman animals, the prevalence and intensity of infection typically is higher in males than females and may reflect differences in exposure as well as susceptibility to pathogens. Elevated immunity among females is a double-edged sword in which it is beneficial against infectious diseases but is detrimental in terms of increased development of autoimmune diseases. The present book critically reviews the evolutionary origin and the functional mechanisms responsible for sexual dimorphism in response to infection. It emphasizes the value of examining responses in both males and females to improve our understanding about host-pathogen interactions in both sexes. The contributors are experts in their specific disciplines which range from microbiology and immunology to genetics, pathology, and evolutionary biology. The book aims at bringing insight to the treatment and management of infectious diseases; it delineates areas where knowledge is lacking and highlights future avenues of research.

Military Strategies for Sustainment of Nutrition and Immune Function in the Field

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Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on Military Nutrition Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309173186

Category: Medical

Page: 722

View: 4857

Every aspect of immune function and host defense is dependent upon a proper supply and balance of nutrients. Severe malnutrition can cause significant alteration in immune response, but even subclinical deficits may be associated with an impaired immune response, and an increased risk of infection. Infectious diseases have accounted for more off-duty days during major wars than combat wounds or nonbattle injuries. Combined stressors may reduce the normal ability of soldiers to resist pathogens, increase their susceptibility to biological warfare agents, and reduce the effectiveness of vaccines intended to protect them. There is also a concern with the inappropriate use of dietary supplements. This book, one of a series, examines the impact of various types of stressors and the role of specific dietary nutrients in maintaining immune function of military personnel in the field. It reviews the impact of compromised nutrition status on immune function; the interaction of health, exercise, and stress (both physical and psychological) in immune function; and the role of nutritional supplements and newer biotechnology methods reported to enhance immune function. The first part of the book contains the committee's workshop summary and evaluation of ongoing research by Army scientists on immune status in special forces troops, responses to the Army's questions, conclusions, and recommendations. The rest of the book contains papers contributed by workshop speakers, grouped under such broad topics as an introduction to what is known about immune function, the assessment of immune function, the effect of nutrition, and the relation between the many and varied stresses encountered by military personnel and their effect on health.

The War Within Us

Everyman's Guide to Infection and Immunity

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Author: Cedric A. Mims

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080542676

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 3195

Infectious diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. In The War Within Us, well-known author and infectious disease specialist Cedric Mims makes the intricacies of the immune system and infectious diseases less baffling for the general reader and answers the questions of how things work and why. The story is told in terms of the ancient conflict between the invader (the infectious disease) and the defender (the body's immune system) and the strategies and counter-strategies used by both sides, making it a book that is both informative and interesting to read. The War Within Us is an ideal introduction to the basics of immunity and infection for general readers and students. It also serves as a quick reference book for physicians, researchers, and other health workers. Parasite versus host The conflict: how we defend ourselves The microbe's response to our defence How microbes cause diseas Thumbnail sketches of seven selected diseases: The threat of new diseases

Molecular Biology of the Cell

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Author: Bruce Alberts

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1317563743

Category: Science

Page: 1464

View: 7401

As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

Immunity to Parasitic Infection

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Author: Tracey Lamb

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118393333

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 7254

Parasitic infections remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the world today. Often endemic in developing countries many parasitic diseases are neglected in terms of research funding and much remains to be understood about parasites and the interactions they have with the immune system. This book examines current knowledge about immune responses to parasitic infections affecting humans, including interactions that occur during co-infections, and how immune responses may be manipulated to develop therapeutic interventions against parasitic infection. For easy reference, the most commonly studied parasites are examined in individual chapters written by investigators at the forefront of their field. An overview of the immune system, as well as introductions to protozoan and helminth parasites, is included to guide background reading. A historical perspective of the field of immunoparasitology acknowledges the contributions of investigators who have been instrumental in developing this field of research.

Intracellular bacteria

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Author: Werner Goebel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 179

View: 2678

Intracellular bacteria can cause severe diseases, such as leprosy, tuberculosis and plaque. Current concepts of the biology, genetics and biochemistry of a selection of facultative and obligate intracellular bacteria can be found in this book.

Rickettsial Infection and Immunity

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Author: Burt Anderson,Herman Friedman,Mauro Bendinelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306468042

Category: Medical

Page: 245

View: 2930

Nutrition, Immunity, and Infection

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Author: Philip C. Calder,Anil D. Kulkarni

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351645196

Category: Medical

Page: 536

View: 2216

This book focuses on the influence of diet on the immune system and how altering one’s diet helps prevent and treat infections and chronic diseases. It reviews basic immunology and discusses changes in immune function throughout the lifecycle.

Primer to the Immune Response

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Author: Tak W. Mak,Mary E. Saunders,Bradley D. Jett

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 012385461X

Category: Medical

Page: 702

View: 8617

Written in the same engaging conversational style as the acclaimed first edition, Primer to The Immune Response, 2nd Edition is a fully updated and invaluable resource for college and university students in life sciences, medicine and other health professions who need a concise but comprehensive introduction to immunology. The authors bring clarity and readability to their audience, offering a complete survey of the most fundamental concepts in basic and clinical immunology while conveying the subject’s fascinating appeal. The content of this new edition has been completely updated to include current information on all aspects of basic and clinical immunology. The superbly drawn figures are now in full color, complemented by full color plates throughout the book. The text is further enhanced by the inclusion of numerous tables, special topic boxes and brief notes that provide interesting insights. At the end of each chapter, a self-test quiz allows students to monitor their mastery of major concepts, while a set of conceptual questions prompts them to extrapolate further and extend their critical thinking. Moreover, as part of the Academic Cell line of textbooks, Primer to The Immune Response, 2nd Edition contains research passages that shine a spotlight on current experimental work reported in Cell Press articles. These articles also form the basis of case studies that are found in the associated online study guide and are designed to reinforce clinical connections. Complete yet concise coverage of the basic and clinical principles of immunology Engaging conversational writing style that is to the point and very readable Over 200 clear, elegant color illustrations Comprehensive glossary and list of abbreviations

Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease

Emerging Roles of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Immune Support

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Author: Shampa Chatterjee,Wolfgang Jungraithmayr,Debasis Bagchi

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128054026

Category: Medical

Page: 476

View: 9663

Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease: Emerging Roles of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods in Immune Support provides a comprehensive description of the various pathways by which the vertebrate immune system works, the signals that trigger immune response and how fnew and novel nutraceuticals and functional foods, can be used to contain inflammation and also to boost immunity and immune health. Inflammation is a tool to fight pathogens and the vertebrate immune system has a very complex network of cells to achieve this. However inflammation that goes awry is also the leding cause of several diseases ranging from cardiovascular diseases to diabetes. This book covers the entire gamut from the various cellular players in the inflammation-immune response to its ramifications in terms of protection against pathogens as well as in onset of metabolic, aging and auto-immune related diseases. Finally, the balancing role of dietary nutrients between host defence and immune support is also showcased. The first three scetions explain the various components of the immune system and their modes of activation. The fourth section deals with the ramifications of a robust and execessive inflammatory response. The fifth section is focused on the association between nutrition and immunity and how deficiencies in certain nutrients may affect immunocompetence. The sixth section chapters represent a vision of paradigm shifts within the field and discusses possible future directions. This bool will be a valuable reference for researchers studying immune health either in academia, or in the nutraceutical or functional food industries. Product developers in nutraceutical, supplement, functional food, and health food companies will also appreciate the information presented here. Conceptualizes the key features in natural products which can boost immune function and immune health Explains the intricate mechanistic aspects and balance behind immune health Presents the pathophysiology of several diseases associated with immune system disruption

Infectious Behavior

Brain-Immune Connections in Autism, Schizophrenia, and Depression

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Author: Paul H. Patterson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262297671

Category: Medical

Page: 176

View: 3631

In Infectious Behavior, neurobiologist Paul Patterson examines the involvement of the immune system in autism, schizophrenia, and major depressive disorder. Although genetic approaches to these diseases have garnered the lion's share of publicity and funding, scientists are uncovering evidence of the important avenues of communication between the brain and the immune system and their involvement in mental illness. Patterson focuses on this brain-immune crosstalk, exploring the possibility that it may help us understand the causes of these common, but still mysterious, diseases. The heart of this engaging book, accessible to nonscientists, concerns the involvement of the immune systems of the pregnant woman and her fetus, and a consideration of maternal infection as a risk factor for schizophrenia and autism. Patterson reports on research that may shed light on today's autism epidemic. He also outlines the risks and benefits of both maternal and postnatal vaccinations.In the course of his discussion, Patterson offers a short history of immune manipulation in treating mental illness (recounting some frightening but fascinating early experiments) and explains how the immune system influences behavior and how the brain regulates the immune system, looking in particular at stress and depression. He examines the prenatal origins of adult disease and evidence for immune involvement in autism, schizophrenia, and depression. Finally, he describes the promise shown by recent animal experiments that have led to early clinical trials of postnatal and adult treatments for patients with autism and related disorders.

Infection & Immunity

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Author: John Playfair,Gregory Bancroft

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199609500

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 9688

Our immune system is a complex network of cells continually battling against a barrage of attacks from our environment, quite literally to save our lives. But what protects us from the potentially life-threatening microorganisms that surround us every day? Infection and Immunity describes the main causes of infection that our bodies have to battle against - from bacteria to viruses, fungi to protozoa - and explains the intricate andfascinating ways in which we respond, from detection of potentially dangerous organisms to their ultimate elimination. Presenting a fully-rounded, well-balanced overview of the field,the book also explains how diseases spread, and what measures we can take to control this spread - from vaccination to increasing awareness through public health initiatives.