Industrial Gases Processing

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Author: Heinz-Wolfgang Häring

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527621253

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 2732

Almost every modern manufacturing process relies on industrial gases, and sales of such gases are expected to rise by around 45% over the next five years. Here, experienced and authoritative experts from one of the two world's largest producer of industrial gases impart their knowledge on atmospheric, noble and synthesized gases, carbon dioxide, LNG, acetylene and other fuel gases, as well as special and medical gases. Modern applications, e.g., the use of hydrogen in fuel cells, are included as well. This practical text is rounded off by a section on logistics.

Industrial Gases in Petrochemical Processing

Chemical Industries

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Author: Harold H. Gunardson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420001150

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 911

Offers detailed coverage of the perochemical applications of large-volume industrial gases. The text examines the factors that influence the cost of producing and delivering gases and the economic reasons for choosing specific manufacturing methods. It emphasizes the commercial areas that employ industrial gases as feedstocks.

Proceedings of the 3rd International Gas Processing Symposium

Qatar, March 2012

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444595015

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 434

View: 3645

Natural gas continues to be the fuel of choice for power generation and feedstock for a range of petrochemical industries. This trend is driven by environmental, economic and supply considerations with a balance clearly tilting in favor of natural gas as both fuel and feedstock. Despite the recent global economic uncertainty, the oil and gas industry is expected to continue its growth globally, especially in emerging economies. The expansion in LNG capacity beyond 2011 and 2012 coupled with recently launched and on-stream GTL plants poses real technological and environmental challenges. These important developments coupled with a global concern on green house gas emissions provide a fresh impetus to engage in new and more focused research activities aimed at mitigating or resolving the challenges facing the industry. Academic researchers and plant engineers in the gas processing industry will benefit from the state of the art papers published in this collection that cover natural gas utilization, sustainability and excellence in gas processing. Provides state-of-the-art contributions in the area of gas processing Covers solutions to technical and environmental problems Input from academia and industry

Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing

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Author: Saeid Mokhatab,William A. Poe,James G. Speight

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080466972

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 865

Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing gives engineers and managers complete coverage of natural gas transmission and processing in the most rapidly growing sector to the petroleum industry. The authors provide a unique discussion of new technologies that are energy efficient and environmentally appealing at the same time. It is an invaluable reference on natural gas engineering and the latest techniques for all engineers and managers moving to natural gas processing as well as those currently working on natural gas projects. * Provides practicing engineers critical information on all aspects of gas gathering, processing and transmission * First book that treats multiphase flow transmission in great detail * Examines natural gas energy costs and pricing with the aim of delivering on the goals of efficiency, quality and profit

Natural Gas Processing from Midstream to Downstream

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Author: Nimir O. Elbashir,Mahmoud M. El-Halwag,Kenneth R. Hall,Ioannis Economou

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 1119270251

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 2933

A comprehensive review of the current status and challenges for natural gas and shale gas production, treatment and monetization technologies Natural Gas Processing from Midstream to Downstream presents an international perspective on the production and monetization of shale gas and natural gas. The authors review techno-economic assessments of the midstream and downstream natural gas processing technologies. Comprehensive in scope, the text offers insight into the current status and the challenges facing the advancement of the midstream natural gas treatments. Treatments covered include gas sweeting processes, sulfur recovery units, gas dehydration and natural gas pipeline transportation. The authors highlight the downstream processes including physical treatment and chemical conversion of both direct and indirect conversion. The book also contains an important overview of natural gas monetization processes and the potential for shale gas to play a role in the future of the energy market, specifically for the production of ultra-clean fuels and value-added chemicals. This vital resource: Provides fundamental chemical engineering aspects of natural gas technologies Covers topics related to upstream, midstream and downstream natural gas treatment and processing Contains well-integrated coverage of several technologies and processes for treatment and production of natural gas Highlights the economic factors and risks facing the monetization technologies Discusses supply chain, environmental and safety issues associated with the emerging shale gas industry Identifies future trends in educational and research opportunities, directions and emerging opportunities in natural gas monetization Includes contributions from leading researchers in academia and industry Written for Industrial scientists, academic researchers and government agencies working on developing and sustaining state-of-the-art technologies in gas and fuels production and processing, Natural Gas Processing from Midstream to Downstream provides a broad overview of the current status and challenges for natural gas production, treatment and monetization technologies.

Fundamentals of Natural Gas Processing, Second Edition

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Author: Arthur J. Kidnay,William R. Parrish,Daniel G. McCartney

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420085212

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 574

View: 712

Offering indispensable insight from experts in the field, Fundamentals of Natural Gas Processing, Second Edition provides an introduction to the gas industry and the processes required to convert wellhead gas into valuable natural gas and hydrocarbon liquids products. The authors compile information from the literature, meeting proceedings, and their own work experiences to give an accurate picture of where gas processing technology stands today as well as to highlight relatively new technologies that could become important in the future. The second edition of this bestselling text reflects important advances in gas processing technologies, including those related to liquefied natural gas (LNG). New to the Second Edition Background information in five new chapters that cover processing principles, pumps, heat transfer, separation processes, and phase separation equipment More discussions of many gas processes Questions and exercises at the end of most chapters to stress important concepts To help nonengineers understand the technical issues, the first part of the text presents an overview of the basic concepts. The topics covered in this part are applicable throughout the gas, oil, and chemical industries. The second part addresses each step of natural gas processing, with a focus on gas plant processes. The chapters in this section follow the gas stream, from gas bought at the wellhead to gas entering the marketplace. Wherever possible, the authors examine the advantages, limitations, and ranges of applicability of the processes so that their selection and integration into the overall gas plant can be fully understood. For readers without a background in chemical engineering or who are just entering the field, this book offers a thorough introduction to the natural gas industry. It also helps those in the gas industry better understand how their products and services fit into the overall process.

Proceedings of the 1st Annual Gas Processing Symposium

10-12 January, 2009 - Qatar

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Author: Hassan E. Alfadala,G.V. Rex Reklaitis,Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080932975

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 456

View: 9384

As the cleanest source of fossil energy with the most advantageous CO2 footprint, natural gas continues to increase its share in the global energy market. This book provides state-of-the-art contributions in the area of gas processing. Special emphasis is given to Liquified Natural Gas (LNG); the book also covers the following gas processing applications in parallel sessions: * Natural Gas processing and treatment * Gas To Power and water * Gas To Liquid (GTL) * Gas To Petrochemicals, including olefins, ammonia and methanol * Provides a state-of-the-art review of gas processing technologies * Covers design, operating tools, and methodologies * Includes case studies and practical applications

Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Gas Processing Symposium

Qatar, January 10-14, 2010

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Author: Farid Benyahia,Fadwa ElJack

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444535894

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 4294

Advances in Gas Processing: Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Gas Processing Symposium 11-1 4 January, 2010, Doha, Qatar, reviews the state of knowledge in gas processing. The contributions are organized around five main themes: (i) environmental sustainability; (ii) natural gas processing technologies; (iii) energy efficiency in operations; (iv) design and safety; and (v) operational excellence. The papers on environmental sustainability cover topics such as the biogasification of waste monoethanolamine; the role of LNG in a carbon constrained world; and sustainable water management. The papers on natural gas processing technologies include the removal of acid gases from natural gas streams via membrane technology and selective control of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis hydrocarbons product distribution. The papers on energy efficiency in operations cover lifted turbulent jet flame in a cross-flow; novel hybrid biomass and coal processes; and the adoption of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The papers on design and safety include studies on the optimal design and operation of a GTL process and efficient design, operating, and control strategies for LNG plants. The papers on operational excellence deal with topics such as chemicals in gas processing; the monitoring and optimization of hydrocarbon separation equipment; and the inhibition of gas hydrate formation. * Provides a state-of-the-art review of gas processing technologies * Covers design, operating tools, and methodologies * Includes case studies and practical applications

Industrial water treatment

refining, petrochemicals, and gas processing techniques

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Author: François Berné,Jean Cordonnier,École nationale supérieure du pétrole et des moteurs (France)

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780884159087

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 3612

This book aims to introduce waste water and cooling water treatments to student and graduate engineers in the oil and chemical industries. It is based on industrial implementation of these treatments and describes operators' experiences in running their own facilities in a number of plants. The following points are developed: an introduction to the vocabulary and chemistry of waste water purification with a discussion of the organic and inorganic pollutants that are inherent to the oil industry; the main sources of polluting effluents characterized according to processes, along with a number of excerpts from discharge standards; the sequencing of treatments as per the three conventional stages of gravity deoiling, physicochemical and biological purifications, with an extension to some cases in petrochemical plants; the potential for recycling some purified effluents that is made possible through tertiary purification; case studies of five leading French refineries; a chapter dealing with the different types of spent caustic and how treatment can be improved; and the definition and implementation of cooling system conditioning processes in order to protect them from fouling, scaling and corrosion. The challenge for both effluent purification and cooling water conditioning is the search for minimum makeup water consumption and consequently optimum effluent recovery in order to ensure better environmental protection.

Industrial Energy Management

Refining Petrochemicals and Gas Processing Techniques

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Author: Victor Kaiser

Publisher: Editions TECHNIP

ISBN: 9782710806455

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 118

View: 6831

This monography presents the tools available for the follow-up and the analysis of the energy input to the refining and petrochemicals industries. The first part familiarizes the reader with energy accounting in a production plant. This analytic accounting presents separately the quantitative, qualitative and economic aspects of using energy. The second part treats of the thermodynamic analysis of energy input based on the exergy (available work) balances. Apart from leading to a judgement of how efficiently the energy is put to work in the applied technology, the reader also finds a guide to distillation column sequencing and heat exchange network synthesis. The thermoeconomics are also dealt with. This book is written for the practicing engineer in industry and for the postgraduate students.

Industrial Gases

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Author: N.A. Downie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306473712

Category: Science

Page: 570

View: 2302

Industrial gases are inextricably woven into the fabric of modern manufacturing. From the primary extraction of raw materials, through their intermediate processing to manufacture metals, chemicals and ceramics, to the fabrication of sophisticated industrial, consumer and food products, gases are used across the whole spectrum of industry. The isolation, manufature and supply of these gases is a major industry in itself; the 300 million tones of gas used each year generates sales in excess of $20 billion. In terms of tonnage, nitrogen has become the most used industrial gas, finding applications across the whole range of industry. It is still manufactured by liquifying and then distilling air, but as applications develop and demand increases, newer methods of isolation, such as pressure swing absorbtion and membrane seperation will become important. This new book introduces the main industrial gases and the gases industry, it discusses the main technologies for their isolation, seperation, manufacture and handling. In addition, the book contains an overview of the main applications of industrial gases and a brief discussion of new production processes and applications. Chemists, chemical engineers, physicists and technologists involved in the research and development, production or utilisation of industrial gases will find this concise book an essential and accessable reference source. For advanced students of these disciplines, the book provides a fascinating overview of this important industry.

Natural Gas Processing

Technology and Engineering Design

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Author: Alireza Bahadori

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0124202047

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 896

View: 5118

Natural gas is considered the dominant worldwide bridge between fossil fuels of today and future resources of tomorrow. Thanks to the recent shale boom in North America, natural gas is in a surplus and quickly becoming a major international commodity. Stay current with conventional and now unconventional gas standards and procedures with Natural Gas Processing: Technology and Engineering Design. Covering the entire natural gas process, Bahadori's must-have handbook provides everything you need to know about natural gas, including: Fundamental background on natural gas properties and single/multiphase flow factors How to pinpoint equipment selection criteria, such as US and international standards, codes, and critical design considerations A step-by-step simplification of the major gas processing procedures, like sweetening, dehydration, and sulfur recovery Detailed explanation on plant engineering and design steps for natural gas projects, helping managers and contractors understand how to schedule, plan, and manage a safe and efficient processing plant Covers both conventional and unconventional gas resources such as coal bed methane and shale gas Bridges natural gas processing with basic and advanced engineering design of natural gas projects including real world case studies Digs deeper with practical equipment sizing calculations for flare systems, safety relief valves, and control valves

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining

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Author: Mohamed A. Fahim,Taher A. Al-Sahhaf,Amal Elkilani

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080931562

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 4409

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable. Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining

Modeling, Control, and Optimization of Natural Gas Processing Plants

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Author: William A. Poe,Saeid Mokhatab

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0128029811

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 4488

Modeling, Control, and Optimization of Natural Gas Processing Plants presents the latest on the evolution of the natural gas industry, shining a light on the unique challenges plant managers and owners face when looking for ways to optimize plant performance and efficiency, including topics such as the various feed gas compositions, temperatures, pressures, and throughput capacities that keep them looking for better decision support tools. The book delivers the first reference focused strictly on the fast-growing natural gas markets. Whether you are trying to magnify your plants existing capabilities or are designing a new facility to handle more feedstock options, this reference guides you by combining modeling control and optimization strategies with the latest developments within the natural gas industry, including the very latest in algorithms, software, and real-world case studies. Helps users adapt their natural gas plant quickly with optimization strategies and advanced control methods Presents real-world application for gas process operations with software and algorithm comparisons and practical case studies Provides coverage on multivariable control and optimization on existing equipment Allows plant managers and owners the tools they need to maximize the value of the natural gas produced

Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis

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Author: James G. Speight

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118986342

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9664

Introduces the reader to the production of the products in a refinery • Introduces the reader to the types of test methods applied to petroleum products, including the need for specifications • Provides detailed explanations for accurately analyzing and characterizing modern petroleum products • Rewritten to include new and evolving test methods • Updates on the evolving test methods and new test methods as well as the various environmental regulations are presented

Petroleum and Gas Field Processing

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Author: H.K. Abdel-Aal,Mohamed Aggour,M.A. Fahim

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824756142

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 5870

The immediate product extracted from oil and gas wells consists of mixtures of oil, gas, and water that is difficult to transport, requiring a certain amount of field processing. This reference analyzes principles and procedures related to the processing of reservoir fluids for the separation, handling, treatment, and production of quality petroleum oil and gas products. It details strategies in equipment selection and system design, field development and operation, and process simulation and control to increase plant productivity and safety and avoid losses during purification, treatment, storage, and export. Providing guidelines for developing efficient and economical treatment systems, the book features solved design examples that demonstrate the application of developed design equations as well as review problems and exercises of key engineering concepts in petroleum field development and operation.

Prospects for Carbon Capture and Storage in Southeast Asia

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Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292542915

Category: Science

Page: 165

View: 5482

This report was produced under the Technical Assistance Grant: Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Southeast Asia (TA 7575-REG), and is focused on an assessment of the CCS potential in Thailand, Viet Nam, and specific regions of Indonesia (South Sumatra) and the Philippines (Calabarzon). It contains inventories of carbon dioxide emission sources, estimates of overall storage potential, likely source-sink match options for potential CCS projects, and an analysis of existing policy, legal, and regulatory frameworks with a view toward supporting future CCS operations. The report also presents a comparative financial analysis of candidate CCS projects, highlights possible incentive schemes for financing CCS, and provides an actionable road map for pilot, demonstration, and commercial CCS projects.

Gas Purification

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Author: Arthur L Kohl,Richard Nielsen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080507200

Category: Science

Page: 900

View: 6984

This massively updated and expanded fifth edition is the most complete, authoritative engineering treatment of the dehydration and gas purification processes used in industry today. Of great value to design and operations engineers, it gives practical process and equipment design descriptions, basic data, plant performance results, and other detailed information on gas purification processes and hardware. This latest edition incorporates all significant advances in the field since 1985. You will find major new chapters on the rapidly expanding technologies of nitrogen oxide control, with discussions of regulatory requirements and available processes; absorption in physical solvents, covering single component and mixed solvent systems; and membrane permeation, with emphasis on the gas purification applications of membrane units. In addition, new sections cover areas of strong current interest, particularly liquid hydrocarbon treating, Claus plant tail gas treating, thermal oxidation of volatile organic compounds, and sulfur scavenging processes. This volume brings you expanded coverage of alkanolamines for hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide removal, the removal and use of ammonia in gas purification, the use of alkaline salt solutions for acid gas removal, and the use of water to absorb gas impurities. The basic technologies and all significant advances in the following areas are thoroughly described: sulfur dioxide removal and recovery processes, processes for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur, liquid phase oxidation processes for hydrogen sulfide removal, the absorption of water vapor by dehydrating solutions, gas dehydration and purification by adsorption, and the catalytic and thermal conversion of gas impurities.