Incidents That Define Process Safety

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470925167

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 7601

Incidents That Define Process Safety describes approximately fifty incidents that have had a significant impact on the chemical and refining industries' approaches to modern process safety. Events are described in detail so readers get a fundamental understanding of the root causes, the consequences, the lessons learned, and actions that can prevent a recurrence. There are exhaustive investigative reports about these events, allowing you to apply the resulting safety principles to their current operations.

Conduct of Operations and Operational Discipline

For Improving Process Safety in Industry

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118029190

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 242

View: 317

Process safety management (PSM) systems are only as effective as the day-to-day ability of the organization to rigorously execute system requirements correctly every time. The failure of just one person in completing a job task correctly just one time can unfortunately lead to serious injuries and potentially catastrophic incidents. In fact, the design, implementation, and daily execution of PSM systems are all dependent on workers at all levels in the organization doing their job tasks correctly every time. High levels of Operational Discipline, therefore, help ensure strong PSM performance and overall operational excellence. This book details management practices which help ensure rigor in executing process safety programs in order to prevent major accidents.

Assessment of Approaches for Using Process Safety Metrics at the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Army Science and Technology,Committee to Assess Process Safety Metrics for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309215072

Category: Political Science

Page: 60

View: 1662

The Department of Defense, through the Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives program, is currently in the process of constructing two full-scale pilot plants at the Pueblo Chemical Depot in Colorado and the Blue Grass Army Depot in Kentucky to destroy the last two remaining inventories of chemical weapons in the U.S. stockpile. These two storage sites together account for about 10 percent of the original U.S. chemical agent stockpile that is in the process of being destroyed in accordance with the international Chemical Weapons Convention treaty. Unlike their predecessors, these facilities will use neutralization technologies to destroy agents contained within rockets, projectiles, and mortar rounds, requiring the use of specially designed equipment. As part of its focus on safe operation of the planned facilities, the Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives asked the National Research Council (NRC) to conduct a study to offer guidance on the application of process safety metrics at the Pueblo Chemical Depot and Blue Grass Army Depot. Process safety is a disciplined framework for managing the integrity of operating systems, processes and personnel handling hazardous substances, and operations by applying good design principles, engineering, and operating practices. Process Safety Metrics at the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants discusses the use of leading and lagging process safety metrics that could provide feedback on the effectiveness of controls to mitigate risks and minimize consequences of potential incidents. The book makes several recommendations that will facilitate the development and application of process safety metrics at both sites.

Guidelines for Process Safety Documentation

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470938064

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 386

View: 767

The process industry has developed integrated process safety management programs to reduce or eliminate incidents and major consequences, such as injury, loss of life, property damage, environmental harm, and business interruption. Good documentation practices are a crucial part of retaining past knowledge and experience, and avoiding relearning old lessons. Following an introduction, which offers examples of how proper documentation might have prevented major explosions and serious incidents, the 21 sections in this book clearly present aims, goals, and methodology in all areas of documentation. The text contains examples of dozens of needed forms, lists of relevant industry organizations, sources for software, references, OSHA regulations, sample plans, and more.

Guidelines for Process Safety Metrics

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470579800

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 3537

Process safety metrics is a topic of frequent conversation within chemical industry associations. Guidelines for Process Safety Metrics provides basic information on process safety performance indicators, including a comprehensive list of metrics for measuring performance and examples as to how they can be successfully applied over both the short and long term. For engineers, insurers, corporate traininers, military personnel, government officials, students, and managers involved in production, product and process development, Guidelines for Process Safety Metrics can help determine appropriate metrics useful in monitoring performance and improving process safety programs. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Guidelines for Investigating Chemical Process Incidents

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470925124

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 2020

This book provides a valuable reference tool for technical and management personnel who lead or are a part of incident investigation teams. This second edition focuses on investigating process-related incidents with real or potential catastrophic consequences. It presents on-the-job information, techniques, and examples that support successful investigations. The methodologies, tools, and techniques described in this book can also be applied when investigating other types of events such as reliability, quality, occupational health, and safety incidents. The accompanying CD-ROM contains the text of the book for portability as well as additional supporting tools for on-site reference and trouble shooting. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Guidelines for Asset Integrity Management

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119364264

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 4185

This book is an update and expansion of topics covered inGuidelines for Mechanical Integrity Systems (2006). The newbook is consistent with Risk-Based Process Safety and Life Cycleapproaches and includes details on failure modes andmechanisms. Also, example testing an inspection programs isincluded for various types of equipment and systems. Guidance andexamples are provided for selecting and maintaining critical safetysystems.

The Hate U Give

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Author: Angie Thomas

Publisher: cbt Verlag

ISBN: 3641200148

Category: Young Adult Fiction

Page: 512

View: 6476

»Umwerfend und brillant, ein Klassiker!« Bestsellerautor John Green Die 16-jährige Starr lebt in zwei Welten: in dem verarmten Viertel, in dem sie wohnt, und in der Privatschule, an der sie fast die einzige Schwarze ist. Als Starrs bester Freund Khalil vor ihren Augen von einem Polizisten erschossen wird, rückt sie ins Zentrum der öffentlichen Aufmerksamkeit. Khalil war unbewaffnet. Bald wird landesweit über seinen Tod berichtet; viele stempeln Khalil als Gangmitglied ab, andere gehen in seinem Namen auf die Straße. Die Polizei und ein Drogenboss setzen Starr und ihre Familie unter Druck. Was geschah an jenem Abend wirklich? Die Einzige, die das beantworten kann, ist Starr. Doch ihre Antwort würde ihr Leben in Gefahr bringen...

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Hazard Identification, Assessment and Control

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Author: Sam Mannan

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0750675551

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 3680

View: 4795

Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world's chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O'Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. - A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals - The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety - Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field

Maximizing Machinery Uptime

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Author: Heinz P. Bloch,Fred K. Geitner

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080465807

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 672

View: 6733

The authors use their decades of experience and draw upon real-world examples to demonstrate that the application of their techniques provides a basis for equipment management, uptime maximization, and reduced maintenance costs. The text explores reliability assessment techniques such as Failure Mode, Effect Analysis, and Fault Tree Analysis of commonly encountered rotating machinery. These are all highly effective techniques that the engineer can apply to maximize uptime and thereby maximize production and profitability. *Provides the tools to drastically improve machinery productivity and performance *Bridges the gap between the theory of "reliability engineering" and the practical day-to-day measures that lead to machinery uptime *Authoritative reference for maximizing the uptime of process equipment

3D and 4D Printing in Biomedical Applications

Process Engineering and Additive Manufacturing

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Author: Mohammed Maniruzzaman

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 3527344438

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 8790

Ein professioneller Leitfaden zu 3D- und 4D-Drucktechniken in der Biomedizin und Pharmazie. 3D and 4D Printing in Biomedical Applications führt fundiert in 3D- und 4D-Drucktechniken in der Biomedizin und Pharmazie ein. Dieses Fachbuch enthält Beiträge von internationalen Wissenschaftlern und Industrieexperten und bietet einen Überblick über das Thema, aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse und Innovationen zu Anwendungen in der Pharmazie und Biomedizin. Untersucht werden Prozessoptimierung, Innovationsprozesse, Engineering- und Plattformtechnologien. Darüber hinaus informiert das Werk über Entwicklungen in der Biomedizin, u. a. über Formgedächtnispolymere, Biofabrikation in 4D und Knochen aus dem Drucker. Eine Fülle von Themen werden behandelt und näher beleuchtet: Potenzial des 3D-Drucks für die Wirkstoffverabreichung, neue Fertigungsprozess, Bio-Scaffolding, neueste Trends und Herausforderungen für 3D- und 4D-Bioprinting in der Biofabrikation. Dieses wertvolle Referenzwerk - ist ein umfassender Leitfaden zu 3D- und 4D-Drucktechniken in der Biomedizin und Pharmazie. - informiert u. a. über die erste 3D-Druckplattform mit FDA-Zulassung für ein pharmazeutisches Erzeugnis. - enthält Reviews der derzeit verfügbaren pharmazeutischen Erzeugnisse, die per 3D-Druck hergestellt wurden. - präsentiert die jüngsten Fortschritte bei neuartigen Materialien für den 3D- und 4D-Druck und biomedizinische Anwendungen.

Scale-up

Modellübertragung in der Verfahrenstechnik

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Author: Marko Zlokarnik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527660461

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 3022

Die Übertagung von Verfahren aus dem Labor-bzw. dem Techni-kumsmaßstab in den industriellen maßstab einer Produktiosanlage ist eine der wichtigsten ingenieurstechnischen Aufgaben in der chemischen Industrie. Die einzige zuverlässige Methode dazu basiert auf der Darstellung von Versuchsergebnissen im zutreffenden dimensions-analytischen Raum, der sich als maßstabsinvariant erweist. Das Buch ist in zwei Teile gegliedert: In der ersten Hälfte werden die vertiefte mathematische Vorkenntnisse dieses Themengebiet näherzubringen. Diskutiert werden die Grundlagen der Dimensionsanalyse, die Behandlung von temperaturabhängigen und von rheologischen Stoffwerten und die Modellübertragung bei Nichtverfügbarkeit von Modellstoffsystemen, sowie bei partieller Ähnlichkeit/ All dies wird dem leser anhand von 20 modernen Beispielen aus der heutigen verfahrenstechnischcen Praxis illustriert, der sich mit 25 in dieser Auflage neu hinzugekommenen Übungsaufgaben sein Verständnis aktive erarbeiten und anhand der Lösungen kontrollieren kann. Im zweitem Teil des Buches werden die einzelnen verfahrenstechnischen Grundoperationen aus den Bereichen mechanische, thermische und chemische Verfahrenstechnik aus der Sicht der Dimensionsanalyse und der Modellübertragung beispielhaft behandelt, und es werden für jede Operation die Maßstabsübertragungsregeln vorgestellt und diskutiert. Das vorliegende Buch wendet sich dementsprechend an Studenten wie auch bereits auf dem gebiet tätige Ingenieure, Chemiker und Verfahrenstechniker.

Guidelines for investigating chemical process incidents

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Author: American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety

Publisher: American Institute of Chemical Engineers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 347

View: 337

Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safety

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118209931

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 2388

Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safetyprovides guidance on the implementation of effective and efficientManagement of Change (MOC) procedures, which can be applied toimprove process safety. In addition to introducing MOC systems, thebook describes how to design an initial system from scratch,including the scope of the system and the applications over a plantlife cycle and the boundaries and overlaps with other processsafety management systems. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials arenot included as part of eBook file.

Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118021620

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 960

View: 9700

This book discusses the fundamental skills, techniques, and tools of auditing, and the characteristics of a good process safety management system. A variety of approaches are given so the reader can select the best methodology for a given audit. This book updates the original CCPS Auditing Guideline project since the implementation of OSHA PSM regulation, and is accompanied by an online download featuring checklists for both the audit program and the audit itself. This package offers a vital resource for process safety and process development personnel, as well as related professionals like insurers.

Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470938269

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 573

View: 9048

Inherently safer plants begin with the initial design. Here is where integrity and reliability can be built in at the lowest cost, and with maximum effectiveness. This book focuses on process safety issues in the design of chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities. It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate the release of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to a fire, explosion, or environmental damage. All engineers on the design team, the process hazard analysis team, and those who make basic decisions on plant design, will benefit from its comprehensive coverage, its organization, and the extensive references to literature, codes, and standards that accompany each chapter.

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety

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Author: Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470925116

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 698

View: 6785

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety provides guidelines for industries that manufacture, consume, or handle chemicals, by focusing on new ways to design, correct, or improve process safety management practices. This new framework for thinking about process safety builds upon the original process safety management ideas published in the early 1990s, integrates industry lessons learned over the intervening years, utilizes applicable "total quality" principles (i.e., plan, do, check, act), and organizes it in a way that will be useful to all organizations - even those with relatively lower hazard activities - throughout the life-cycle of a company.

Guidelines for Technical Planning for On-Site Emergencies

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470938021

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 1423

Prevention, preparedness, response and recovery--the key components of emergency planning--form the major sections of this work. The book first describes PSM (Process Safety Management) as the key to prevention, then goes on to consider the main features of a preparedness program, including recognizing credible incidents, planning practical strategy to deal with these incidents, selecting necessary physical support systems and equipment, and developing a complete emergency response plan. The Response section presents the functions implemented during an actual emergency and concludes with a section on managing cleanup and restoration of operations. The many tables and figures include Sample Incident Command System Plans for both large and small organizations, OSHA and EPA regulations affecting planning, sample Fire Emergency Action Levels, HAZMAT Responder Levels, and OSHA Emergency Training Requirements.

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470935413

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 784

View: 1468

Chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) as applied to the CPI was first fully described in the first edition of this CCPS Guidelines book. This second edition is packed with information reflecting advances in this evolving methodology, and includes worked examples on a CD-ROM. CPQRA is used to identify incident scenarios and evaluate their risk by defining the probability of failure, the various consequences and the potential impact of those consequences. It is an invaluable methodology to evaluate these when qualitative analysis cannot provide adequate understanding and when more information is needed for risk management. This technique provides a means to evaluate acute hazards and alternative risk reduction strategies, and identify areas for cost-effective risk reduction. There are no simple answers when complex issues are concerned, but CPQRA2 offers a cogent, well-illustrated guide to applying these risk-analysis techniques, particularly to risk control studies. Special Details: Includes CD-ROM with example problems worked using Excel and Quattro Pro. For use with Windows 95, 98, and NT.

International Process Safety Management Conference and Workshop

September 22-24, 1993, Hyatt Regency Hotel (Embarcadero Center), San Francisco, California

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Author: American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780816905898

Category: Chemical engineering

Page: 560

View: 2054