The Illusion of Choice

How the Market Economy Shapes Our Destiny

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Author: Andrew Bard Schmookler

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791412657

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 5045

It is sensitive to those values pertaining to what can be bought and sold but is blind to others - such as the integrity of the natural world and the quality of human relationships - that cannot be turned into commodities. It is impervious to the costs of tearing apart the larger wholes - families, communities, the biosphere - that are vital to the quality of our lives. While these shortcomings are known to mainstream economics, their vital importance has not been recognized because economics takes too static a perspective. Systematic errors wreak damage over time. The Illusion of Choice, by putting our economic lives in a social evolutionary perspective, illuminates the defects of the market ideology that defends the uncontrolled play of market forces. On the basis of that analysis, this work also provides the outlines of a program by which we can make the market system a better instrument of the full range of human values

Illusions of Prosperity

America's Working Families in an Age of Economic Insecurity

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Author: Joel Blau

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195146069

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 1632

"Blau not only charts how the American government's embrace of laissez-faire ideology has wreaked havoc...he tells us what can be done to undo the damage. Must reading for anyon who cares about what's happening to the average American."--Charles Noble, Professor of Political Science, CSU Long Beach

The Illusion of Management Control

A Systems Theoretical Approach to Managerial Technologies

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Author: N. Thygesen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230365396

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 247

View: 3003

This book shows how a system theoretical concept of technology helps us to understand the paradoxes of control. It describes a phenomenon which shows regularity that is unexpected against the background of received knowledge within management studies. It presents a series of cases which touch upon a range of technologies within the public sector.

Sleights of Mind

What the neuroscience of magic reveals about our brains

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Author: Sandra Blakeslee,Stephen L. Macknik,Susana Martinez-Conde

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1847652956

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 618

What can magic tell us about ourselves and our daily lives? If you subtly change the subject during an uncomfortable conversation, did you know you're using attentional 'misdirection', a core technique of magic? And if you've ever bought an expensive item you'd sworn never to buy, you were probably unaware that the salesperson was, like an accomplished magician, a master at creating the 'illusion of choice'. Leading neuroscientists Stephen Macknik and Susana Martinez-Conde meet with magicians from all over the world to explain how the magician's art sheds light on consciousness, memory, attention, and belief. As the founders of the new discipline of NeuroMagic, they combine cutting-edge scientific research with startling insights into the tricks of the magic trade. By understanding how magic manipulates the processes in our brains, we can better understand how we work - in fields from law and education to marketing, health and psychology - for good and for ill.

Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior

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Author: Edward Deci,Richard M. Ryan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489922717

Category: Psychology

Page: 372

View: 3890

Early in this century, most empirically oriented psychologists believed that all motivation was based in the physiology of a set of non-nervous system tissue needs. The theories of that era reflected this belief and used it in an attempt to explain an increasing number of phenomena. It was not until the 1950s that it became irrefutably clear that much of human motivation is based not in these drives, but rather in a set of innate psychological needs. Their physiological basis is less understood; and as concepts, these needs lend themselves more easily to psycho logical than to physiological theorizing. The convergence of evidence from a variety of scholarly efforts suggests that there are three such needs: self-determination, competence, and interpersonal relatedness. This book is primarily about self-determination and competence (with particular emphasis on the former), and about the processes and structures that relate to these needs. The need for interpersonal relat edness, while no less important, remains to be explored, and the findings from those explorations will need to be integrated with the present theory to develop a broad, organismic theory of human motivation. Thus far, we have articulated self-determination theory, which is offered as a working theory-a theory in the making. To stimulate the research that will allow it to evolve further, we have stated self-determination theory in the form of minitheories that relate to more circumscribed domains, and we have developed paradigms for testing predictions from the various minitheories.

Contemplating Maternity in an Era of Choice

Explorations into Discourses of Reproduction

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Author: Sara Hayden,Lynn O'Brien Hallstein

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739138922

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 7253

Contemplating Maternity explore how discourses of choice shape and are shaped by womenOs identities and experiences as (non)mothers and how those same discourses affect and reflect private practices and public policies related to reproduction and motherhood. This volume is unique because it investigates discourses of choice across the arc of maternity and as enacted through various (non)maternal subject positions.

Imaginal Reality

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Author: Aaron B. Daniels,Laura M. Daniels

Publisher: Karnac Books

ISBN: 1904658563

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 232

View: 854

The second volume of Imaginal Reality moves more explicitly into the practice of magic -- that is, the ongoing journey of claiming our lives more fully and deeply. This cultivation of intentionality and vision, though never a one-time decisive victory, can become a more habitual attitude. To gird these hard-fought realizations, this volume presents the other four voids in detail: 1) Nothingness: Individual things and the thing-sets with which we populate our worlds are the set-dressings that illustrate the scripts guiding our life plays. 2) Meaninglessness: The world will never, to us, yield either fundamental meaning, or some ultimate point. The process of meaning-making is the meaning of life. 3) Freedom and Responsibility: Only through claiming life in its structural truth, through a responsiveness to the imaginal reality of life, can we truly live out the freedom that is always, already, our birthright. 4) Change and Finitude: Nothing abides and any clinging to concepts rooted in permanence will yield a bitter and morbid shadow. Taking a hard gaze at the "imagination of magic," these texts endeavor to bring us more fully face-to-face with the existential voids that define the true limits of our lives, but also create the stage upon which our lives unfold.

Nursing Theories

Conceptual and Philosophical Foundations, Second Edition

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Author: Hesook Suzie Kim, PhD, RN,Ingrid Kollak, PhD, RN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826140067

Category: Medical

Page: 309

View: 756

Designated a Doody's Core Title! This second edition is the perfect companion to original theoretical works in nursing for a better understanding of both the theories themselves and the essential questions about nursing theory development. Rather than being a nursing theory survey, the text provides the reader with a deeper understanding of nursing theories through examining them in their conceptual and philosophical contexts. This is a work of international collaboration, with distinguished nurse scholars from the United States, Germany, and Norway, organized around major themes in nursing and health care into which information on specific nursing theories is integrated. It is designed for advanced nursing students, educators, and others interested in nursing theory and concepts. For Further Information, Please Click Here! Please note that this website is in German!

Pamphlet Architecture 14: Mosquitoes

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Author: Ken Kaplan,Ted Krueger

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 9781878271839

Category: Architecture

Page: 79

View: 1258

Pamphlet Architecture was begun in 1977 by William Stout and Steven Holl as an independent vehicle for dialogue among architects, and has become a popular venue for publishing the works and thoughts of a younger generation of architects. Small in scale, low in price, but large in impact, these books present and disseminate new and innovative theories. The modest format of the books in the Pamphlet Architecture Series belies the importance and magnitude of the ideas within.

Sold on Language

How Advertisers Talk to You and What This Says About You

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Author: Julie Sedivy,Greg Carlson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119996088

Category: Psychology

Page: 330

View: 1840

As citizens of capitalist, free-market societies, we tend to celebrate choice and competition. However, in the 21st century, as we have gained more and more choices, we have also become greater targets for persuasive messages from advertisers who want to make those choices for us. In Sold on Language, noted language scientists Julie Sedivy and Greg Carlson examine how rampant competition shapes the ways in which commercial and political advertisers speak to us. In an environment saturated with information, advertising messages attempt to compress as much persuasive power into as small a linguistic space as possible. These messages, the authors reveal, might take the form of a brand name whose sound evokes a certain impression, a turn of phrase that gently applies peer pressure, or a subtle accent that zeroes in on a target audience. As more and more techniques of persuasion are aimed squarely at the corner of our mind which automatically takes in information without conscious thought or deliberation, does 'endless choice' actually mean the end of true choice? Sold on Language offers thought-provoking insights into the choices we make as consumers and citizens – and the choices that are increasingly being made for us. Click here for more discussion and debate on the authors’ blog: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/sold-language [Wiley disclaims all responsibility and liability for the content of any third-party websites that can be linked to from this website. Users assume sole responsibility for accessing third-party websites and the use of any content appearing on such websites. Any views expressed in such websites are the views of the authors of the content appearing on those websites and not the views of Wiley or its affiliates, nor do they in any way represent an endorsement by Wiley or its affiliates.]

The Illusion of Determinism

Why Free Will Is Real and Causal

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Author: Edwin A. Locke

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 1543914233

Category: Psychology

Page: 132

View: 3930

Determinism is the doctrine that everything we think, feel, believe, and do is caused by factors outside our control—that we have no choice regarding our character, our thoughts, our actions, our lives. There have been many forms of determinism but the one that is most popular today is based on neuroscience, with the enthusiastic support of many psychologists, philosophers, and physical scientists (e.g., physicists). This version argues that we are controlled by our physical brains with the brain being which are set in motion by environmental factors. The debate continues because many people disagree with determinism and assert that they have, in some form, free will. Determinists insist that such a belief represents “folk psychology,” an illusion held by people who are ignorant of what science has allegedly proved. Determinists typically believe that: • Consciousness is the same thing as brain activity (as opposed to requiring a brain) • The conscious mind, though real, plays no significant role in human life • The human mind is not significantly different from that of the lower animals such as chimpanzees • All causes are material (or mechanical) • Goal-directed action applies equally to people and machines • The concept of a self or the self as a causal agent has no intelligible meaning • Key neuroscience experiments have proven that the intention to act appears after the brain has already decided what to do • Determinism is not only compatible with objective knowledge but is also the only guarantee of objective knowledge, because it is based on scientific truth • Determinism has to be either proved or disproved based on philosophical and/or scientific arguments • Free will, at best, is a necessary illusion On the other side of the coin, various free will advocates typicaly believe that: • Elementary particles which make up our brain act at random, thus refuting causal necessity • Free will and determinism are compatible • Religion validates free will In this book I will show that all of the above beliefs are mistaken. I will also show that free will is, as many have claimed, self-evident, even though most people have not validated it or correctly identified what it consists of—what it is, and what it isn’t.

State of the World 2010

Transforming Cultures From Consumerism to Sustainability

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Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610916298

Category: Nature

Page: 266

View: 9099

Like a tsunami, consumerism has engulfed human cultures and Earth’s ecosystems. Left unaddressed, we risk global disaster. But if we channel this wave, intentionally transforming our cultures to center on sustainability, we will not only prevent catastrophe, but may usher in an era of sustainability—one that allows all people to thrive while protecting, even restoring, Earth. In State of the World 2010, sixty renowned researchers and practitioners describe how we can harness the world’s leading institutions—education, the media, business, governments, traditions, and social movements—to reorient cultures toward sustainability.

Political Spectacle and the Fate of American Schools

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Author: Mary Lee Smith,Linda Miller-Kahn,Walter Heinecke,Patricia F. Jarvis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135954682

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 2770

The authors argue that the most influential and well-known educational policy programs in the past 30 years are not based on democratic consensus, but are instead formulated by the political community as symbolic efforts meant to generate personal partisan gain.