Illegal Cities

Law and Urban Change in Developing Countries


Author: Edesio Fernandes,Ann Varley

Publisher: N.A


Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 6805

In the major cities of Asia, Africa and Latin America, the urban poor often have to step outside the law to gain access to housing. This book seeks to answer why this is and what should be done about it.

Law and Urban Change in Brazil


Author: Edesio Fernandes

Publisher: N.A


Category: Law

Page: 182

View: 1903

Undertakes a socio-legal analysis of the relation between law and the process of urban change in Brazil throughout this century.

Market Economy and Urban Change

Impacts in the Developing World


Author: Mohamed Hamza,Roger Zetter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136561404

Category: Architecture

Page: 224

View: 3659

Across the developing world the preceding decade or so has witnessed a profound reconfiguration of the political economy of urban policy. This new policy environment is driven by globalization, the neo-liberal macro-economic package of 'market enablement' and structural adjustment, which now form the dominant development paradigm. The consequences of this approach for urban development agendas and ultimately the lives and livelihoods of millions of people across the globe are profound. Market Economy and Urban Change explores and evaluates urban sector and development policies in the context of market enablement, and the associated instruments of structural adjustment, urban management reform and 'good' governance. By articulating the linkages between this neo-liberal development paradigm and the way different actors in the urban sector enact policy responses, the book provides an understanding of both the factors driving market enablement, and its impacts on urban sector policies and programmes. With case studies drawn from countries such as Egypt, Mexico, Kenya, Brazil, Colombia and transitional economies, the book focuses in particular on the implications for land, shelter and related sectoral policies for poverty alleviation. By linking policy to practice, the book seeks to inform policy-makers in governments, donor and implementing agencies of the impact of shifts in the development debate on urban sector strategies.

Sustainable Cities in Developing Countries


Author: Cedric Pugh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134191618

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7885

This text addresses the difficulties of balancing the imperatives of sustainability with the pressing challenges facing some of the world's most underdeveloped areas. Various perspectives are brought to bear on issues from economics and theories of health through to the foundations of sustainability. All the key contemporary developments are dealt with; the growth in international law and agreements on controlling greenhouse gases; the effect of reforms in finance, governance and methods of appraisal on the areas of waste management; and the theoretical advances in the community development aspects of health and the neighbourhood environment guided by the experiences of the World Bank, WHO and UNEP. The text is intended as a guidebook for those responsible for re-shaping cities in the 21st century.

Transformative Sustainable Development

Participation, reflection and change


Author: Kei Otsuki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136179488

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 144

View: 7683

Recent debates about sustainable development have shifted their focus from fixing environmental problems in a technocratic and economic way to more fundamental changes in social-political processes and relations. In this context, participation is a genuinely transformative approach to sustainable development, yet the process by which participation leads to transformation is not sufficiently understood. This book considers how the act of participating in sustainable development projects can bring about social transformation that is considered to be fair and just by the participants and non-participants in a broader societal context. Drawing on ideas from social theory and applied anthropology, the book proposes a reflexivity-based framework to analyse participation as a type of social action underpinned by primary experience. Development projects have a transformative effect when participants are given the opportunity to reflect on their experience, share the reflection with others, and open new space for collective deliberation and change. The book applies this framework to assess community-based participatory projects in the Amazon, African slums and rural settlements, and disaster stricken areas in Japan. It also outlines potential institutions of governance to institutionalize the change by referring to current food governance, drawing out lessons with international relevance. This book will be of interest to students of sustainable development, environmental policy and development studies, as well as practitioners and policy-makers in these fields.

Global Business, Local Law

The Indian Legal System as a Communal Resource in Foreign Investment Relations


Author: Professor Amanda Perry-Kessaris

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409496163

Category: Law

Page: 198

View: 9840

This volume establishes a theoretical framework for exploring the role of host state legal systems (courts and bureaucracies) in mediating relations between foreign investment, civil society and government actors. It then demonstrates the application of that framework in the context of the south Indian city of Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore). Drawing on the 'law-and-community' approach of Roger Cotterrell, the volume identifies three mechanisms through which law might, in theory, ensure that social relations are productive: by expressing any mutual trust which may hold actors together, by ensuring that actors participate fully in social life and by coordinating the differences that hold actors apart. Empirical data reveals that each of these legal mechanisms is at work in Bengaluru. However, their operation is limited and skewed by the extent to which actors use, abuse and/or avoid them. Furthermore, these legal mechanisms are being eroded as a direct result of the World Bank's 'investment climate' discourse, which privileges the interests and values of foreign investors over those of other actors.

Restructuring the Chinese City

Changing Society, Economy and Space


Author: Laurence J.C. Ma,Fulong Wu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134316089

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 7799

A sea of change has occurred in China since the 1978 economic reforms. Bringing together the work of leading scholars specializing in urban China, this book examines what has happened to the Chinese city undergoing multiple transformations during the reform era, with an emphasis on new processes of urban formation and the consequent reconstituted urban spaces. With arguments against the convergence thesis that sees cities everywhere becoming more Western in form and suggestions that the Chinese city is best seen as a multiplex city, Restructuring the Chinese City is an indispensable text for Chinese specialists, urban scholars and advanced students in urban geography, urban planning and China studies.

Unlawful Occupation

Informal Settlements and Urban Policy in South Africa and Brazil


Author: Marie Huchzermeyer

Publisher: Africa Research and Publications


Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 8588

In 'Unlawful Occupation', Huchzermeyer provides an international perspective on this problem in Brazil and South Africa. Arguing that the South African paradigm is distorted the author also tracks the development of influential international positions on settlement intervention.

Urban informality

transnational perspectives from the Middle East, Latin America, and South Asia


Author: Ananya Roy,Nezar AlSayyad

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 5112

The turn of the century has been a moment of rapid urbanization. Much of this urban growth is taking place in the cities of the developing world and much of it in informal settlements. This book presents cutting-edge research from various world regions to demonstrate how these trends make new forms of social and political power possible.

Environmental strategies for sustainable development in urban areas

lessons from Africa and Latin America


Author: Edesio Fernandes

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing

ISBN: 9781840141559

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 6344

This book comprises empirical studies. They touch on issues as diverse as air pollution in Mexico City and garbage collection in Cairo, tree planting in Rio de Janeiro and urban gardening in Accra, public transport in Curitiba and the pollution of the bays of Talcahuano, water supply in Cape Town and the protection of historical heritage in Tunis. The link between these studies is that the need for the formulation of new strategies for urban environmental management reconciles economic development with environmental preservation in a sustainable manner. (Adapté de l'introduction).

Governing Cities

New Institutional Forms in Developing Countries and Transitional Economies


Author: Meine Pieter van Dijk,Marike Noordhoek,Emiel A. Wegelin

Publisher: Intermediate Technology

ISBN: 9781853394973

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 4750

Urbanization and decentralization are overwhelming trends in almost every country of the world. Together they place a heavy burden on urban managers but at the same time generate tremendous opportunities for institutional change. Governing Cities provides insight into the effects of these global trends and the innovative efforts of governments, the private sector and communities to capitalize on the potential they unleash for improved governance of the cities they inhabit. The editors distil and discuss the elements contributing to the changing role of urban management: the prerequisites for and effects of decentralization - the importance of good governance and attention to cultural diversity - the role and potential of technological developments - the importance of formulating policies at city level. Governing Cities analyses practical experiences from formerly highly centralized economies of Eastern Europe as well as initiatives - both successful and less successful - in countries as diverse as India, Ethiopia, Indonesia and Brazil.

Development and Cities

Essays from Development in Practice


Author: David G. Westendorff,Deborah Eade

Publisher: Oxfam Publications

ISBN: 9780855984656

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 3720

* Explores the political, social, economic, and environmental viability of new or alternative approaches to urban development in the South * Considers how these approaches can increase access to decision-making forums, to adequate services, and to health and prosperity for all. * Case studies include cities in Argentina, Cuba, India, Pakistan, Peru, the Philippines, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe Growing numbers of the world’s poorest people live in cities, in poor-quality housing on dangerous sites, lacking even basic services. In many countries, budgetary constraints, structural adjustment processes, increasing wealth inequalities, and lack of popular participation in governance are worsening the position of the urban poor. Approaches to sustainable development in cities of the South have focused too exclusively on narrow technical aspects of environmental protection, with no benefit to most residents in cities and peri-urban areas. Development and Cities focuses on the political, social, and economic viability of new or alternative approaches to urban management in the South that aim to increase access to adequate levels of basic services and healthy living and working conditions for all.