Ideology in American Sports

A Corpus-assisted Discourse Study

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Author: Karsten Senkbeil

Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter

ISBN: 9783825359331

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 306

View: 615

Sport competitions belong to the most prominent mass media events in the USA today. To understand the cultural impact that sports have on the American collective consciousness, one must be aware of the overt and covert ideological assumptions that surface in the media discourse around these sport events. With the help of a modern, software-based linguistic methodology (Corpus-Assisted Discourse Studies), this book analyses thousands of journalistic texts from the first decade of the 21st century, to uncover the interplay of dominant hegemonic discourses and subaltern ideological interpretations, which form a more or less stable but constantly challenged and re-negotiated consensus equilibrium in the public discussion around the Americans' 'favorite pastimes'. Core ideologies from American history define the media's interpretations of sports and are therefore central topics in this book: capitalism and rural nostalgia, patriotism and militarism, family values, rugged individualism, and remnants of the frontier mythology. Hence, understanding American sports discourse means understanding the American psyche in a period of challenges and changes.

From Corpus to Classroom

Language Use and Language Teaching

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Author: Anne O'Keeffe,Michael McCarthy,Ronald Carter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521851467

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 315

View: 5234

This book summarises and makes accessible recent work in corpus research, focusing on spoken data and on the place of lexis in grammar and discourse.

The Interpretation of Cultures

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Author: Clifford Geertz

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465093566

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 8318

In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Corpus Approaches to Discourse

A Critical Review

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Author: Charlotte Taylor,Anna Marchi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351716077

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 298

View: 1781

Corpus linguistics has now come of age and Corpus Approaches to Discourse equips students with the means to question, defend and refine the methodology. Looking at corpus linguistics in discourse research from a critical perspective, this volume is a call for greater reflexivity in the field. The chapters, each written by leading authorities, contain an overview of an emerging area and a case-study, presenting practical advice alongside theoretical reflection. Carefully structured with an introduction by the editors and a conclusion by leading researcher, Paul Baker, this is key reading for advanced students and researchers of corpus linguistics and discourse analysis.

Methods of Critical Discourse Studies

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Author: Ruth Wodak,Michael Meyer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473934257

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 6697

This is a sophisticated and nuanced introduction to critical discourse analysis (CDA) that covers a range of topics in an accessible, engaging style. With international examples and an interdisciplinary approach, readers gain a rich understanding of the many angles into critical discourse analysis, the fundamentals of how analysis works and examples from written texts, online data and images. This new edition: expands coverage of multimodality adds two new chapters on social media and analysis of online data supports learning with a guided introduction to each chapter includes a new and extended glossary Clearly written, practical and rigorous in its approach, this book is the ideal companion when embarking on research that focuses on discourse and meaning-making. Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class Perusall is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.

News Analysis

Case Studies of international and National News in the Press

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Author: Teun A. van Dijk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136601988

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 348

View: 6034

First Published in 1987. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Discourse and Context

A Sociocognitive Approach

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Author: Teun A. van Dijk

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521130301

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 284

View: 5778

How do social situations influence language use, discourse and conversation? This book is a monograph which presents a multidisciplinary theory of context and the way context influences language use and discourse. Unlike in earlier approaches, contexts are not defined as objective social 'variables', such as gender or age. Rather, they are constructs of the participants themselves, that is, 'subjective definitions of the communicative situation' that are made explicit in the sociocognitive notion of context models. These models dynamically control all language use, make sure that discourses are appropriate in the communicative situation and hence are the basis of pragmatics. In this book, context models are studied especially from a (socio) linguistic and cognitive perspective. In another book published by Cambridge University Press, Society and Discourse, Teun A. van Dijk develops the social psychological, sociological and anthropological dimensions of the theory of context.

Communication Yearbook 35

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Author: Charles T. Salmon

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136705260

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 496

View: 5971

Communication Yearbook 35 continues the tradition of publishing state-of-the-discipline literature reviews and essays. Editor Charles T. Salmon presents a volume that is highly international and interdisciplinary in scope, with authors and chapters representing the broad global interests of the International Communication Association.

A Story of Ruins

Presence and Absence in Chinese Art and Visual Culture

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Author: Wu Hung

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861899769

Category: Art

Page: 296

View: 489

This richly illustrated book examines the changing significance of ruins as vehicles for cultural memory in Chinese art and visual culture from ancient times to the present. The story of ruins in China is different from but connected to ‘ruin culture’ in the West. This book explores indigenous Chinese concepts of ruins and their visual manifestations, as well as the complex historical interactions between China and the West since the eighteenth century. Wu Hung leads us through an array of traditional and contemporary visual materials, including painting, architecture, photography, prints and cinema. A Story of Ruins shows how ruins are integral to traditional Chinese culture in both architecture and pictorial forms. It traces the changes in their representation over time, from indigenous methods of recording damage and decay in ancient China, to realistic images of architectural ruins in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, to the strong interest in urban ruins in contemporary China, as shown in the many artworks that depict demolished houses and decaying industrial sites. The result is an original interpretation of the development of Chinese art, as well as a unique contribution to global art history.

Discourse on the Move

Using corpus analysis to describe discourse structure

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Author: Douglas Biber,Ulla Connor,Thomas A. Upton

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027291918

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 290

View: 6859

Discourse on the Move is the first book-length exploration of how corpus-based methods can be used for discourse analysis, applied to the description of discourse organization. The primary goal is to bring these two analytical perspectives together: undertaking a detailed discourse analysis of each individual text, but doing so in terms that can be generalized across all texts of a corpus. The book explores two major approaches to this task: ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’. In the ‘top-down’ approach, the functional components of a genre are determined first, and then all texts in a corpus are analyzed in terms of those components. In contrast, textual components emerge from the corpus analysis in the bottom-up approach, and the discourse organization of individual texts is then analyzed in terms of linguistically-defined textual categories. Both approaches are illustrated through case studies of discourse structure in particular genres: fund-raising letters, biology/biochemistry research articles, and university classroom teaching.

Sport and the Christian Religion

A Systematic Review of Literature

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Author: Nick J. Watson,Andrew Parker

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443859257

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 250

View: 3045

This book provides a systematic and interdisciplinary analysis of the published literature and practical initiatives on the sports-Christianity interface from both Protestant and Catholic perspectives. Within the context of this relatively new and rapidly expanding area of inquiry, this text offers an original contribution to the current literature for both undergraduate and postgraduate students and serves as a point of reference for academics from a wide range of related fields including theology and religious studies, psychology, history, sociology, philosophy, psychology, health-religion studies, and sports studies. The book will also be of interest to sports chaplains, those involved in sports ministry organizations, physical educators and sports coaches who wish to adopt a more critical and ‘holistic’ approach to their work. As modern-day sports are often entwined with commercial and political agendas, the book also provides an important response to the ‘win-at-all-costs’ and business orientated philosophy, which characterises much of contemporary sport practice, yet which cannot always be fully understood through secular inquiry.

Triangulating Methodological Approaches in Corpus Linguistic Research

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Author: Paul Baker,Jesse Egbert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317532082

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 5650

Contemporary corpus linguists use a wide variety of methods to study discourse patterns. This volume provides a systematic comparison of various methodological approaches in corpus linguistics through a series of parallel empirical studies that use a single corpus dataset to answer the same overarching research question. Ten contributing experts each use a different method to address the same broadly framed research question: In what ways does language use in online Q+A forum responses differ across four world English varieties (India, Philippines, United Kingdom, and United States)? Contributions will be based on analysis of the same 400,000 word corpus from online Q+A forums, and contributors employ methodologies including corpus-based discourse analysis, audience perceptions, Multi-Dimensional analysis, pragmatic analysis, and keyword analysis. In their introductory and concluding chapters, the volume editors compare and contrast the findings from each method and assess the degree to which ‘triangulating’ multiple approaches may provide a more nuanced understanding of a research question, with the aim of identifying a set of complementary approaches which could arguably take into account analytical blind spots. Baker and Egbert also consider the importance of issues such as researcher subjectivity, type of annotation, the limitations and affordances of different corpus tools, the relative strengths of qualitative and quantitative approaches, and the value of considering data or information beyond the corpus. Rather than attempting to find the ‘best’ approach, the focus of the volume is on how different corpus linguistic methodologies may complement one another, and raises suggestions for further methodological studies which use triangulation to enrich corpus-related research.

On the move

Glancing Backwards To Build a Future in English Studies (AEDEAN 2015)

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Author: Aitor Ibarrola-Armendariz,Jon Ortiz de Urbina Arruabarrena

Publisher: Universidad de Deusto

ISBN: 8415759878

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 350

View: 8727

This volume brings together a selection of the papers and round tables delivered at the 39th AEDEAN Conference, held at the University of Deusto in November 2015. The essays in On the Move: Glancing Backwards to Build a Future in English Studies often begin with typically-academic gestures such as retrieving a classic text and finding new ways of studying its genre or characterization; or remarking how certain ungrammatical constructions have gone frequently unnoticed —even in well-known texts— for various reasons; or entangling oneself in contentions about the adequacy of dissecting a literary text or linguistic problem by using innovative analytical tools. In all cases, though, there is the intention of putting forth certain views and notions that will help future scholars to deal in a better light with the dilemmas regularly encountered in literary, linguistic and cultural studies. The book opens with three essays by professors Bartholomae, Pullum and Río, who demonstrate not only their mastery in their respective subjects but also their ability to tailor their contents to multifarious audiences. The next two sections represent the main body of the e-book, with nearly forty contributions on both literature and cultural studies (Part II) and language and linguistics (Part III). These short academic pieces are a representative showcase of the research being done lately in the different areas of expertise. The last section of the volume gathers together the results of four research projects dealing with such engaging topics as postcolonial crime fiction or forgotten texts by Anglo writers about the Spanish Civil War. It is hard to think of any potential reader schooled in English Studies who will not find something suitable to their interests and tastes in this volume.

Describing Discourse

A Practical Guide to Discourse Analysis

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Author: Nicola Woods

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1444116681

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 3916

For anyone approaching Discourse Analysis for the first time, theory means little when it is not related to actual knowledge and experience of language in use. Describing Discourse takes the unique approach of introducing discourse studies through the hands-on analysis of linguistic data. The book introduces students to specific discourses constructed for particular purposes, for example, from the domains of advertising, law, medicine and education. Each chapter provides examples, exercises and commentary designed to develop the analytical abilities needed in describing the characteristic forms and typical functions of different discourses. Describing Discourse provides the ideal entry into the study of discourse for students new to the subject.

Seeing like a state

How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed

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Author: James C. Scott

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300128789

Category: Political Science

Page: 463

View: 2462

Why do well-intentioned plans for improving the human condition go tragically awry? In a wide-ranging and original study, James C. Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. He argues that centrally managed social plans derail when schematic visions are imposed on long-established structures without taking into account preexisting interdependencies.

The Pale King

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Author: David Foster Wallace

Publisher: Little, Brown

ISBN: 9780316175296

Category: Fiction

Page: 592

View: 4580

The agents at the IRS Regional Examination Center in Peoria, Illinois, appear ordinary enough to newly arrived trainee David Foster Wallace. But as he immerses himself in a routine so tedious and repetitive that new employees receive boredom-survival training, he learns of the extraordinary variety of personalities drawn to this strange calling. And he has arrived at a moment when forces within the IRS are plotting to eliminate even what little humanity and dignity the work still has. The Pale King remained unfinished at the time of David Foster Wallace's death, but it is a deeply compelling and satisfying novel, hilarious and fearless and as original as anything Wallace ever undertook. It grapples directly with ultimate questions--questions of life's meaning and of the value of work and society--through characters imagined with the interior force and generosity that were Wallace's unique gifts. Along the way it suggests a new idea of heroism and commands infinite respect for one of the most daring writers of our time.

Cultural Politics and Education

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Author: Michael W. Apple

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807735039

Category: Political Science

Page: 149

View: 4256

Michael Apple offers a powerful analysis of current debates and a compelling indictment of rightist proposals for change. Apple presents the causes and effects of further integrating schools into the corporate agenda, as well as current calls for a national curriculum and national testing, privatization and voucher plans, and fundamentalist religious pressures to censor textbooks. He demonstrates who will be the winners and losers culturally and economically as the conservative restoration gains in strength, bringing with it an even greater restratification of knowledge and students in terms of race, class, and gender.

Twenty Years of Learner Corpus Research. Looking Back, Moving Ahead

Proceedings of the First Learner Corpus Research Conference (LCR 2011)

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Author: Sylviane Granger,Gaëtanelle Gilquin,Fanny Meunier

Publisher: Presses universitaires de Louvain

ISBN: 2875581996

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 526

View: 3622

This proceedings volume covers issues of learner corpus design, collection and annotation and contains reports on various aspects of (written and spoken) learner interlanguage as well as design of learner-corpus-informed tools.

An Introduction to Sociolinguistics

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Author: Ronald Wardhaugh,Janet M. Fuller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118732405

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 6279

Fully updated to reflect the most recent scholarship in the field and revised to include many more pedagogical features, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition builds on its foundation as the most preeminent textbook in sociolinguistics, updated for today’s students. • Significantly revised discussions throughout each of the book’s four key parts reflect the state of the field today • Includes new chapters on Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis, and Sociolinguistics and Education • Incorporates innovative new perspectives drawn from linguistic anthropology • Provides an accessible history of the development of sociolinguistic thought and how this fast-moving field is integral to our lives • Includes numerous opportunities for students to engage with ideas presented in the text through a new glossary, new Explorations and end-of-chapter exercises, links, and key concepts • New companion website includes links and resources for students