Human Rights Journalism

Advances in Reporting Distant Humanitarian Interventions

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Author: I. Shaw

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023035887X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 281

View: 7512

Shaw argues that journalism should focus on deconstructing the underlying structural and cultural causes of political violence such as poverty, famine and human trafficking, and play a proactive (preventative), rather than reactive (prescriptive) role in humanitarian intervention.

Media, Mobilization, and Human Rights

Mediating Suffering

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Author: Tristan Anne Borer

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1780320701

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 975

What impact do mass media portrayals of atrocities have on activism? Why do these news stories sometimes mobilize people, while at other times they are met with indifference? Do different forms of media have greater or lesser impacts on mobilization? These are just some of the questions addressed in Media, Mobilization, and Human Rights, which investigates the assumption that exposure to human rights violations in countries far away causes people to respond with activism. Turning a critical eye on existing scholarship, which argues either that viewing and reading about violence can serve as a force for good (through increased activism) or as a source of evil (by objectifying and exploiting the victims of violence), the authors argue that reality is far more complex, and that there is nothing inherently positive or negative about exposure to the suffering of others. In exploring this, the book offers an array of case studies: from human rights reporting in Mexican newspapers to the impact of media imagery on humanitarian intervention in Somalia; from the influence of celebrity activism to the growing role of social media. By examining a variety of media forms, from television and radio to social networking, the interdisciplinary set of authors present radical new ways of thinking about the intersection of media portrayals of human suffering and activist responses to them.

Freedom's Battle

The Origins of Humanitarian Intervention

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Author: Gary J. Bass

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307269299

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 2963

This gripping and important book brings alive over two hundred years of humanitarian interventions. Freedom’s Battle illuminates the passionate debates between conscience and imperialism ignited by the first human rights activists in the 19th century, and shows how a newly emergent free press galvanized British, American, and French citizens to action by exposing them to distant atrocities. Wildly romantic and full of bizarre enthusiasms, these activists were pioneers of a new political consciousness. And their legacy has much to teach us about today’s human rights crises. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Humanitarian Reason

A Moral History of the Present

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Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520271165

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 6154

Studies primarily France with shorter sections on South Africa, Venezuela, and Palestine.

Investing in Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Dialogue

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Author: Unesco

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231040774

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 5849

This report analyses all aspects of cultural diversity, which has emerged as a key concern of the international community in recent decades, and maps out new approaches to monitoring and shaping the changes that are taking place. It highlights, in particular, the interrelated challenges of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue and the way in which strong homogenizing forces are matched by persistent diversifying trends. The report proposes a series of ten policy-oriented recommendations, to the attention of States, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, international and regional bodies, national institutions and the private sector on how to invest in cultural diversity. Emphasizing the importance of cultural diversity in different areas (languages, education, communication and new media development, and creativity and the marketplace) based on data and examples collected from around the world, the report is also intended for the general public. It proposes a coherent vision of cultural diversity and clarifies how, far from being a threat, it can become beneficial to the action of the international community.

Distant Suffering

Morality, Media and Politics

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Author: Luc Boltanski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521659536

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 6407

Distant Suffering, first published in 1999, examines the moral and political implications for a spectator of the distant suffering of others as presented through the media. What are the morally acceptable responses to the sight of suffering on television, for example, when the viewer cannot act directly to affect the circumstances in which the suffering takes place? Luc Boltanski argues that spectators can actively involve themselves and others by speaking about what they have seen and how they were affected by it. Developing ideas in Adam Smith's moral theory, he examines three rhetorical 'topics' available for the expression of the spectator's response to suffering: the topics of denunciation and of sentiment and the aesthetic topic. The book concludes with a discussion of a 'crisis of pity' in relation to modern forms of humanitarianism. A possible way out of this crisis is suggested which involves an emphasis and focus on present suffering.

The Great War for Civilisation

The Conquest of the Middle East

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Author: Robert Fisk

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307428710

Category: History

Page: 1136

View: 6981

A sweeping and dramatic history of the last half century of conflict in the Middle East from an award-winning journalist who has covered the region for over forty years, The Great War for Civilisation unflinchingly chronicles the tragedy of the region from the Algerian Civil War to the Iranian Revolution; from the American hostage crisis in Beirut to the Iran-Iraq War; from the 1991 Gulf War to the American invasion of Iraq in 2003. A book of searing drama as well as lucid, incisive analysis, The Great War for Civilisation is a work of major importance for today's world.

Globalization and Human Rights

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Author: Alison Brysk

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520936280

Category: Social Science

Page: 321

View: 5899

In this landmark volume, Alison Brysk has assembled an impressive array of scholars to address new questions about globalization and human rights. Is globalization generating both problems and opportunities? Are new problems replacing or intensifying state repression? How effective are new forms of human rights accountability? These essays include theoretical analyses by Richard Falk, Jack Donnelly, and James Rosenau. Chapters on sex tourism, international markets, and communications technology bring new perspectives to emerging issues. The authors investigate places such as the Dominican Republic, Nigeria, and the Philippines. The contemporary world is defined by globalization. While global human rights standards and institutions have been established, assaults on human dignity continue. These essays identify the new challenges to be faced, and suggest new ways to remedy the costs of globalization.

The Responsibility to Protect

Research, Bibliography, Background : Supplementary Volume to the Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty

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Author: International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty,International Development Research Centre (Canada)

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 9780889369634

Category: Political Science

Page: 410

View: 6216

Responsibility to Protect: Research, bibliography, background. Supplementary volume to the Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty

Humanitarian Photography

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Author: Heide Fehrenbach,Davide Rodogno

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107064708

Category: History

Page: 354

View: 5656

The historical evolution of 'humanitarian photography' - the mobilization of photography in the service of humanitarian initiatives across state boundaries.

The Politics of Protection

The Limits of Humanitarian Action

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Author: Elizabeth G. Ferris

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815721383

Category: Political Science

Page: 359

View: 2749

For the past decade, humanitarian actors have increasingly sought not only to assist people affected by conflicts and natural disasters, but also to protect them. At the same time, protection of civilians has become central to UN peacekeeping operations, and the UN General Assembly has endorsed the principle that the international community has the "responsibility to protect" people when their governments cannot or will not do so. Elizabeth Ferris explores the evolution of the international community's understandings of protection, with a particular emphasis on the humanitarian community. "Protection" is a noble word, with positive connotations, but what does it actually mean in practice? Does providing assistance to vulnerable people protect them, for example? Does monitoring the number of rapes protect women? Does increased engagement in protection activities by humanitarian agencies jeopardize the cornerstone humanitarian principles of neutrality and impartiality? In The Politics of Protection, Ferris examines inconsistent ways in which protection is defined and applied. For example, why do certain groups receive international protection while other equally needy groups do not? Her case studies, ranging from Iraq to Katrina, illustrate the challenges—and limitations—of protecting vulnerable populations from the ravages of war and natural disasters. Ferris argues that the protection paradigms currently in use are inadequate to meet the challenges of the future, such as climate change, protracted displacement, and the changing nature of warfare.

Expanding Peace Journalism

Comparative and Critical Approaches

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Author: Ibrahim Seaga Shaw,Jake Lynch,Robert A. Hackett

Publisher: Sydney University Press

ISBN: 1920899707

Category: Journalism

Page: 390

View: 3087

Expanding peace journalism: comparative and critical approaches draws together cutting-edge contributions from 17 international writers to this rapidly emerging field of research. Media coverage of conflicts is propagandistic and commonly portrays two elite actors contesting a single goal of 'victory'. This major new text explores and interrogates peace journalism as a significant challenge to this hegemonic discourse, which has been advocated and elaborated over the recent years in journalism, media development and academic spheres. Expanding peace journalism traces boundaries and links with the adjacent fields including alternative media, social movement activism and media democratisation. It includes case studies - from the media of countries including Australia, Canada, Guatemala, India, Nigeria, Norway, Sweden and the US - and explores connections with human rights, as well as Indigenous and women's rights activism. The problem some 50 years ago was what criteria an event had to meet to qualify as news ... When the news represents a distorted world image, the distortions are worth knowing. This book, so rich in content, is a testimony to the need for empirical, critical and constructive scrutiny of media. Each chapter opens a new window, a new angle; all of them important. From the preface by Johan Galtung

Unspeakable Truths

Confronting State Terror and Atrocity

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Author: Priscilla B. Hayner

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415924788

Category: Political Science

Page: 340

View: 7613

This book is a profound exploration of truth commissions around the world, and the anguish, injustice, and the legacy of hate they are meant to absolve. Hayner examines twenty major truth commissions established around the world paying special attention to South Africa, El Salvador, Argentina, Chile, and Guatemala.

New Technologies for Human Rights Law and Practice

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Author: Molly K. Land,Jay D. Aronson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107179637

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 3842

Provides a roadmap for understanding the relationship between technology and human rights law and practice. This title is also available as Open Access.

That the World May Know

Bearing Witness to Atrocity

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Author: James Dawes

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674030273

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 2847

What can we do to prevent more atrocities from happening in the future, and to stop the ones that are happening right now? That the World May Know tells the powerful and moving story of the successes and failures of the modern human rights movement. Drawing on firsthand accounts from fieldworkers around the world, the book gives a painfully clear picture of the human cost of confronting inhumanity in our day.

Sapiens

A Brief History of Humankind

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062316109

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 9540

New York Times Bestseller A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.” One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas. Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become? Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.

Human Development Report 2016

Human Development for Everyone

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Author: United Nations Development Programme

Publisher: Human Development Report (Pape

ISBN: 9789211264135

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 6573

This report focuses on how human development can be ensured for everyone, now and in future. It starts with an account of the hopes and challenges of today's world, envisioning where humanity wants to go. This vision draws from and builds on the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. It explores who has been left behind in human development progress and why. It argues that to ensure that human development reaches everyone, some aspects of the human development framework and assessment perspectives have to be brought to the fore. The Report also identifies the national policies and key strategies to ensure that will enable every human being achieve at least basic human development and to sustain and protect the gains.

War and the Media

Reporting Conflict 24/7

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Author: Daya Kishan Thussu,Des Freedman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761943136

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 266

View: 6580

'War and the media' brings together internationally known contributors. It is an essential guide to understanding the institutions and technologies involved in the production and consumption of television news.

Terrorism and the media

a handbook for journalists

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Author: Marthoz, Jean Paul

Publisher: UNESCO Publishing

ISBN: 923100199X

Category:

Page: 110

View: 5660