Bodiliness and Human Dignity

An Intercultural Approach

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Author: Harm Goris

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825892845

Category: Social Science

Page: 130

View: 4972

In every culture, ideas and practices concerning the human body reflect what people think about the human person and his/her dignity. Contemporary cultural and medical-technical developments pose new questions to traditional attitudes to bodiliness. How can these questions be addressed from the perspective of intercultural ethics, in particular with regard to organ donation? Harm Goris is assistant professor of systematic theology at the Catholic Theological University at Utrecht (the Netherlands).

Human Dignity, Human Rights, and Responsibility

The New Language of Global Bioethics and Biolaw

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Author: Yechiel Michael Barilan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262304880

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 2860

"Human dignity" has been enshrined in international agreements and national constitutions as a fundamental human right. The World Medical Association calls on physicians to respect human dignity and to discharge their duties with dignity. And yet human dignity is a term--like love, hope, and justice--that is intuitively grasped but never clearly defined. Some ethicists and bioethicists dismiss it; other thinkers point to its use in the service of particular ideologies. In this book, Michael Barilan offers an urgently needed, nonideological, and thorough conceptual clarification of human dignity and human rights, relating these ideas to current issues in ethics, law, and bioethics. Combining social history, history of ideas, moral theology, applied ethics, and political theory, Barilan tells the story of human dignity as a background moral ethos to human rights. After setting the problem in its scholarly context, he offers a hermeneutics of the formative texts on Imago Dei; provides a philosophical explication of the value of human dignity and of vulnerability; presents a comprehensive theory of human rights from a natural, humanist perspective; explores issues of moral status; and examines the value of responsibility as a link between virtue ethics and human dignity and rights. Barilan accompanies his theoretical claim with numerous practical illustrations, linking his theory to such issues in bioethics as end-of-life care, cloning, abortion, torture, treatment of the mentally incapacitated, the right to health care, the human organ market, disability and notions of difference, and privacy, highlighting many relevant legal aspects in constitutional and humanitarian law.

Human Dignity

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Author: George Kateb

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674048377

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 8249

Kateb asserts that the defense of universal human rights requires two indispensable components: morality (as promoted or enforced by justice) and human dignity. For Kateb, morality and justice have sound theoretical underpinnings; human dignity, by virtue of its “existential” quality, lacks (but merits) its own theoretical framework. This he proceeds to establish with a critique of the writings of canonical Western political philosophers (Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseu, Mill, Emerson, Thoreau) and contemporary thinkers like Peter Singer and Thomas Nagel. The author argues that while morality compels just governments to prevent, reduce, or eliminate human suffering inasmuch as it is possible, people possess and are entitled to dignity by mere virtue of their “status” as human beings. Homo sapiens, he maintains, have a “stature,” manifest in the species's “great achievements,” that exceeds that of other creatures, even in (or especially in) the secular cosmos.

Kant on Human Dignity

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Author: Oliver Sensen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110267160

Category: Philosophy

Page: 242

View: 8403

Kant is often considered the source of the contemporary idea of human dignity, but his conception of human dignity and its relation to human value and the requirement to respect others have not been widely understood. Kant on Human Dignity offers the first in-depth study in English of this subject. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the relevant passages in Kant as well as an analysis of the famous arguments for a value of human beings in the Kant literature, the book provides a thorough interpretation of Kant’s conception of human dignity that brings out the unity of Kant’s moral thought.

Perspectives on Human Dignity: A Conversation

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Author: Jeff Malpas,Norelle Lickiss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402062818

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 4933

The idea of human dignity is central to any reflection on the nature of human worth. However, the idea is a complex one that also takes on many different forms. This unique collection explores the idea of human dignity as it arises within these many different domains, opening up the possibility of a multidisciplinary conversation that illuminates the concept itself. The book includes essays by leading Australian and International figures.

Sanctity of Life and Human Dignity

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Author: K. Bayertz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940091590X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 1413

`Sanctity of life' and `human dignity' are two bioethical concepts that play an important role in bioethical discussions. Despite their separate history and content, they have similar functions in these discussions. In many cases they are used to bring a difficult or controversial debate to an end. They serve as unquestionable cornerstones of morality, as rocks able to weather the storms of moral pluralism. This book provides the reader with analyses of these two concepts from different philosophical, professional and cultural points of view. Sanctity of Life and Human Dignity presents a comparative analysis of both concepts.

Natural Law and Human Dignity

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Author: Ernst Bloch

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262521291

Category: Philosophy

Page: 323

View: 1751

Ernst Bloch was one of the most original and influential of contemporary European thinkers, leaving his mark in fields ranging from philosophy and social theory to aesthetics and theology. This book represents a unique attempt to reconcile the traditional oppositions of the natural law and social utopian traditions, providing basic insights into the meaning of human rights in a socialist society.

Refuting Peter Singer's Ethical Theory

The Importance of Human Dignity

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Author: Susan F. Krantz,Susan Lufkin Krantz

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275970833

Category: Medical

Page: 133

View: 4075

Krantz examines Peter Singer's "principle of the equal consideration of the interests of all animals" with a view to showing that its current popularity and possible wholesale adoption for the future threaten human values in a variety of ways. Topics include abortion and infanticide, euthanasia, and assisted suicide.

Human Dignity

This Century and the Next

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Author: Rubin Gotesky,Ervin Laszlo

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780677142401

Category: Philosophy

Page: 380

View: 7819

First Published in 1970. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Human Dignity and Contemporary Liberalism

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Author: Brad Stetson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275946258

Category: Philosophy

Page: 186

View: 4667

Stetson's (director, David Institute) aim is to make a constructive critique of liberalism focusing on American public life. His argument is divided into two distinct parts, the theoretical and the practical. In the theoretical section, he examines contemporary liberalism's emphasis on individual ri

God, Freedom and Human Dignity

Embracing a God-Centered Identity in a Me-Centered Culture

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Author: Ron Highfield

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 9780830864508

Category: Religion

Page: 227

View: 1279

Does God's all-encompassing will restrict our freedom? Does God's ownership and mastery over us diminish our dignity? The fear that God is a threat to our freedom and dignity goes far back in Western thought. Such suspicion remains with us today in our so-called secular society. In such a context any talk of God tends to provoke responses that range from defiance to subservience to indifference. How did Western culture come to this place? What impact does this social and intellectual environment have on those who claim to believe in God or more specifically in the Christian God of the Bible? Professor of religion Ron Highfield traces out the development of Western thought that has led us our current frame of mind from Plato, Augustine and Descartes through Locke, Kant, Blake Bentham, Hegel, Nietzsche--all the way down to Charles Taylor's landmark work Sources of the Self. At the heart of the issue is the modern notion of the autonomous self and the inevitable crisis it provokes for a view of human identity, freedom and dignity found in God. Can the modern self really secure its own freedom, dignity and happiness? What alternative do we have? Highfield makes pertinent use of trinitarian theology to show how genuine Christian faith responds to this challenge by directing us to a God who is not in competition with his human creations, but rather who provides us with what we seek but could never give ourselves. God, Freedom and Human Dignity is essential reading for Christian students who are interested in the debates around secularism, modernity and identity formation.

Human Dignity

A Way of Living

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Author: Peter Bieri

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745689051

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 2923

Dignity is humanity's most prized possession. We experience the loss of dignity as a terrible humiliation: when we lose our dignity we feel deprived of something without which life no longer seems worth living. But what exactly is this trait that we value so highly? In this important new book, distinguished philosopher Peter Bieri looks afresh at the notion of human dignity. In contrast to most traditional views, he argues that dignity is not an innate quality of human beings or a right that we possess by virtue of being human. Rather, dignity is a certain way to lead one's life. It is a pattern of thought, experience and action – in other words, a way of living. In Bieri's account, there are three key dimensions to dignity as a way of living. The first is the way I am treated by others: they can treat me in a way that leaves my dignity intact or they can destroy my dignity. The second dimension concerns the way that I treat other people: do I treat them in a way that allows me to live a dignified life? The third dimension concerns the view that I have of myself: which ways of seeing and treating myself allow me to maintain a sense of dignity? In the actual flow of day-to-day life these three dimensions of dignity are often interwoven, and this accounts in part for the complexity of the situations and experiences in which our dignity is at stake. So, why did we invent dignity and what role does it play in our lives? As thinking and acting beings, our lives are fragile and constantly under threat. A dignified way of living, argues Bieri, is humanity's way of coping with this threat. In our constantly endangered lives, it is important to stand our ground with confidence. Thus a dignified way of living is not any way of living: it is a particular way of responding to the existential experience of being under threat. It is also a particular way of answering the question: What kind of life do we wish to live? This beautifully written reflection on our most cherished human value will be of interest to a wide readership.

Human Dignity in Context

Explorations of a Contested Concept

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Author: Dieter Grimm,Alexandra Kemmerer,Christoph Möllers

Publisher: Nomos Verlag

ISBN: 3845264586

Category: Law

Page: 637

View: 4745

Der fünfte Band in der Reihe "Recht im Kontext" gibt eine kontextbezogene Analyse der Menschenwürde und ihrer rechtlichen und politischen Implikationen. Der Band ist das Ergebnis zweier Konferenzen am Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin (Institute for Advanced Study, Berlin), die einen Diskussionsrahmen geschaffen und eine Debatte zwischen Wissenschaftlern aus mehreren Ländern und verschiedenen Disziplinen über das Konzept der Menschenwürde angeregt haben. Die Beiträge in dem Band analysieren und bewerten die Menschenwürdekonzeption in juristischer Hinsicht und in akademischer Reflexion neu. Als kontextuelles Unterfangen nimmt der Band eine genuin rechtswissenschaftliche Perspektive ein und verbindet aktuelle Debatten der deutschen, europäischen und US-amerikanischen Rechtswissenschaft mit den Diskussionen aus anderen Disziplinen und aus anderen Regionen der Welt.

Human Dignity

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Author: Aharon Barak

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107090237

Category: Law

Page: 542

View: 2540

"The concept of human dignity has a 2500 year history. As it moved through history, the concept was been influenced by different religions which held it as an important component of their theological approach. It was also influenced by the views of philosophers who developed human dignity in their contemplations. In the 20th century, the concept encountered a new phenomenon. The atrocities of the Second World War, and particularly the Holocaust of the Jewish people, brought human dignity into the forefront of legal discourse. As a result, constitutional and international legal texts began to adopt the concept, and jurists appeared alongside the theologians and the philosophers. Legal scholars were called upon to determine the theoretical basis of human dignity as a constitutional value and as a constitutional right. Judges were required to solve practical problems created by the constitutionalization of human dignity, as a value or as a right"--

Community Corrections and Human Dignity

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Author: Edward Wallace Sieh

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763729059

Category: Law

Page: 382

View: 8914

This book features unique insights of the complex world of probation in the U.S. with an emphasis on the role of human dignity.

Educating for Human Dignity

Learning About Rights and Responsibilities

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Author: Betty Reardon

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812200187

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 6485

Issues of universal human rights are critically important topics in education today. Educators, scholars, and activists urge schools to promote awareness and understanding of human rights in their curricula from the earliest levels. Written by by Betty A. Reardon, one of the foremost scholars on human rights education for the primary and secondary levels, Educating for Human Dignity is designed for both teachers and teacher educators. It is the first resource offering both guidance and support materials for human rights education programs from kindergarten through high school. It opens possibilities for an holistic approach to human rights education that directly confronts the values issues raised by human rights problems in a context of global interrelationships.

Law in the Service of Human Dignity

Essays in Honour of Florentino Feliciano

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Author: Steve Charnovitz,Debra P. Steger,Peter Van den Bossche

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139448420

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1326

The accelerating pace of international law developments in multiple fora present a challenge for studying, influencing, and predicting these changes. This volume assembles essays from notable jurists, academics, and practitioners from around the world who offer new insights regarding the jurisprudence of world trade law, the changing landscape of investment arbitration, and other vital topics in international adjudication. These essays are assembled in celebration of Justice Florentino Feliciano of The Philippines, who continues to be one of the most inspirational figures in the international law community. This collection will be of special interest to analysts of the World Trade Organization as the contributors include six current or former members of the WTO Appellate Body, as well as several leading trade law commentators. Among the key issues discussed are the WTO environmental cases, trade and human rights, and potential reforms of the WTO dispute system.

Human Dignity and Bioethics

Essays Commissioned by the President's Council on Bioethics

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Author: President's Council on Bioethics (U.S.)

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160800719

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 555

View: 9545

NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNT FOR THIS PRINT PRODUCT--OVERSTOCK SALE -- Significantly reduced list price while supplies last Contains a collection of essays exploring human dignity and bioethics, a concept crucial to today's discourse in law and ethics in general and in bioethics in particular. This publication gives some examples of how human dignity can be a difficult concept to apply in bioethical controversies, explores some of the complex roots of the modern notion of human dignity, in order to shed light on why its application to bioethics is so problematic, and suggests, tentatively, that a certain conception of human dignity--dignity understood as humanity-- has an important role to play in bioethics, both now and especially in the future. Related products: Ethics and Code of Conduct resources collection can be found here: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/catalog/laws-regulations/ethics-code-conduct

God and Human Dignity

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Author: R. Kendall Soulen,Linda Woodhead

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802833950

Category: Religion

Page: 341

View: 1206

The concept of human dignity has been stripped from its traditional context in Christian thought, becoming “a moral trump frayed by heavy use,” but a compelling alternate vision has not yet emerged. God and Human Dignity offers a fresh restatement of the nature and scope of human dignity in Christian perspective. Theologians, ethicists, and biblical scholars from around the world here examine the dimensions of human worth in the light of sacred Scripture, doctrine, and ecclesial practice. In contrast to modernity's often monochromatic accounts of human dignity in terms of freedom or rationality, these essays argue that human dignity in Christian perspective is a “many-splendored thing” reflecting humanity's participation in the divine drama of creation, redemption, and new creation. Representing disciplines across the academic spectrum, the essays in God and Human Dignity offer systematic and scriptural perspectives on human dignity that connect to a host of pressing contemporary issues. Contributors: C. Clifton Black, Russell Botman, Don Browing, J. Kameron Carter, Elaine Graham, Robert W. Jensen, James L. Mays, M. Douglas Meeks, Esther Menn, Peter Ochs, John Polkinghorne, Hans Reinders, Gerhard Sauter, Christoph Schwöbel, R. Kendall Soulen, Fraser Watts, Michael Welker, and Linda Woodhead.D

On the Problem of Human Dignity

A Hermeneutical and Phenomenological Investigation

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Author: Mette Lebech

Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann

ISBN: 3826038150

Category: Dignity

Page: 327

View: 6317