Human Dignity

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Author: George Kateb

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674059425

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 5336

Kateb asserts that the defense of universal human rights requires two indispensable components: morality (as promoted or enforced by justice) and human dignity. For Kateb, morality and justice have sound theoretical underpinnings; human dignity, by virtue of its “existential” quality, lacks (but merits) its own theoretical framework. This he proceeds to establish with a critique of the writings of canonical Western political philosophers (Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseu, Mill, Emerson, Thoreau) and contemporary thinkers like Peter Singer and Thomas Nagel. The author argues that while morality compels just governments to prevent, reduce, or eliminate human suffering inasmuch as it is possible, people possess and are entitled to dignity by mere virtue of their “status” as human beings. Homo sapiens, he maintains, have a “stature,” manifest in the species's “great achievements,” that exceeds that of other creatures, even in (or especially in) the secular cosmos.

Human Dignity

Establishing Worth and Seeking Solutions

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Author: Edward Sieh,Judy McGregor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137560053

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 7712

This book examines the concept of dignity from a variety of global perspectives. It scrutinizes how dignity informs policy and practice, and is influenced by international and domestic law, human rights values, and domestic politics. An exciting collection of essays, this edited volume provides an analysis of human rights as they are experienced by real people who have in many cases been forced to take action to further their own interests. Readers will discover an extensive range of issues discussed, from the internet, climate change and disabilities, to globalization, old-age, and migrants' rights. The last section deals with the impact of various issues on indigenous and migrant populations, specifically violence in Columbia, border issues in Tijuana, women's and children's rights violations, and the complex problems experienced by refugees, particularly in regards to citizenship. The interdisciplinary nature of this work makes it an invaluable read for scholars of Health Studies, Law, Human Rights, Sociology and Politics.

Educating for Human Dignity

Learning About Rights and Responsibilities

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Author: Betty Reardon

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812200187

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 2837

Issues of universal human rights are critically important topics in education today. Educators, scholars, and activists urge schools to promote awareness and understanding of human rights in their curricula from the earliest levels. Written by by Betty A. Reardon, one of the foremost scholars on human rights education for the primary and secondary levels, Educating for Human Dignity is designed for both teachers and teacher educators. It is the first resource offering both guidance and support materials for human rights education programs from kindergarten through high school. It opens possibilities for an holistic approach to human rights education that directly confronts the values issues raised by human rights problems in a context of global interrelationships.

Human Dignity

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Author: Aharon Barak

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107090237

Category: Law

Page: 542

View: 1210

"The concept of human dignity has a 2500 year history. As it moved through history, the concept was been influenced by different religions which held it as an important component of their theological approach. It was also influenced by the views of philosophers who developed human dignity in their contemplations. In the 20th century, the concept encountered a new phenomenon. The atrocities of the Second World War, and particularly the Holocaust of the Jewish people, brought human dignity into the forefront of legal discourse. As a result, constitutional and international legal texts began to adopt the concept, and jurists appeared alongside the theologians and the philosophers. Legal scholars were called upon to determine the theoretical basis of human dignity as a constitutional value and as a constitutional right. Judges were required to solve practical problems created by the constitutionalization of human dignity, as a value or as a right"--

Perspectives on Human Dignity: A Conversation

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Author: Jeff Malpas,Norelle Lickiss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402062818

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 3458

The idea of human dignity is central to any reflection on the nature of human worth. However, the idea is a complex one that also takes on many different forms. This unique collection explores the idea of human dignity as it arises within these many different domains, opening up the possibility of a multidisciplinary conversation that illuminates the concept itself. The book includes essays by leading Australian and International figures.

Human Dignity, Human Rights, and Responsibility

The New Language of Global Bioethics and Biolaw

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Author: Yechiel Michael Barilan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262304880

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 3603

"Human dignity" has been enshrined in international agreements and national constitutions as a fundamental human right. The World Medical Association calls on physicians to respect human dignity and to discharge their duties with dignity. And yet human dignity is a term--like love, hope, and justice--that is intuitively grasped but never clearly defined. Some ethicists and bioethicists dismiss it; other thinkers point to its use in the service of particular ideologies. In this book, Michael Barilan offers an urgently needed, nonideological, and thorough conceptual clarification of human dignity and human rights, relating these ideas to current issues in ethics, law, and bioethics. Combining social history, history of ideas, moral theology, applied ethics, and political theory, Barilan tells the story of human dignity as a background moral ethos to human rights. After setting the problem in its scholarly context, he offers a hermeneutics of the formative texts on Imago Dei; provides a philosophical explication of the value of human dignity and of vulnerability; presents a comprehensive theory of human rights from a natural, humanist perspective; explores issues of moral status; and examines the value of responsibility as a link between virtue ethics and human dignity and rights. Barilan accompanies his theoretical claim with numerous practical illustrations, linking his theory to such issues in bioethics as end-of-life care, cloning, abortion, torture, treatment of the mentally incapacitated, the right to health care, the human organ market, disability and notions of difference, and privacy, highlighting many relevant legal aspects in constitutional and humanitarian law.

Sanctity of Life and Human Dignity

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Author: Kurt Bayertz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940091590X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 732

`Sanctity of life' and `human dignity' are two bioethical concepts that play an important role in bioethical discussions. Despite their separate history and content, they have similar functions in these discussions. In many cases they are used to bring a difficult or controversial debate to an end. They serve as unquestionable cornerstones of morality, as rocks able to weather the storms of moral pluralism. This book provides the reader with analyses of these two concepts from different philosophical, professional and cultural points of view. Sanctity of Life and Human Dignity presents a comparative analysis of both concepts.

The Cambridge Handbook of Human Dignity

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

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Author: Marcus Düwell,Jens Braarvig,Roger Brownsword,Dietmar Mieth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107782406

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 786

This introduction to human dignity explores the history of the notion from antiquity to the nineteenth century, and the way in which dignity is conceptualised in non-Western contexts. Building on this, it addresses a range of systematic conceptualisations, considers the theoretical and legal conditions for human dignity as a useful notion and analyses a number of philosophical and conceptual approaches to dignity. Finally, the book introduces current debates, paying particular attention to the legal implementation, human rights, justice and conflicts, medicine and bioethics, and provides an explicit systematic framework for discussing human dignity. Adopting a wide range of perspectives and taking into account numerous cultures and contexts, this handbook is a valuable resource for students, scholars and professionals working in philosophy, law, history and theology.

Human Dignity

A Way of Living

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Author: Peter Bieri

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745689051

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 2854

Dignity is humanityï¿1⁄2s most prized possession. We experience the loss of dignity as a terrible humiliation: when we lose our dignity we feel deprived of something without which life no longer seems worth living. But what exactly is this trait that we value so highly? In this important new book, distinguished philosopher Peter Bieri looks afresh at the notion of human dignity. In contrast to most traditional views, he argues that dignity is not an innate quality of human beings or a right that we possess by virtue of being human. Rather, dignity is a certain way to lead oneï¿1⁄2s life. It is a pattern of thought, experience and action ï¿1⁄2 in other words, a way of living. In Bieriï¿1⁄2s account, there are three key dimensions to dignity as a way of living. The first is the way I am treated by others: they can treat me in a way that leaves my dignity intact or they can destroy my dignity. The second dimension concerns the way that I treat other people: do I treat them in a way that allows me to live a dignified life? The third dimension concerns the view that I have of myself: which ways of seeing and treating myself allow me to maintain a sense of dignity? In the actual flow of day-to-day life these three dimensions of dignity are often interwoven, and this accounts in part for the complexity of the situations and experiences in which our dignity is at stake. So, why did we invent dignity and what role does it play in our lives? As thinking and acting beings, our lives are fragile and constantly under threat. A dignified way of living, argues Bieri, is humanityï¿1⁄2s way of coping with this threat. In our constantly endangered lives, it is important to stand our ground with confidence. Thus a dignified way of living is not any way of living: it is a particular way of responding to the existential experience of being under threat. It is also a particular way of answering the question: What kind of life do we wish to live? This beautifully written reflection on our most cherished human value will be of interest to a wide readership.

Kant on Human Dignity

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Author: Oliver Sensen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110267160

Category: Philosophy

Page: 242

View: 6868

Kant is often considered the source of the contemporary idea of human dignity, but his conception of human dignity and its relation to human value and the requirement to respect others have not been widely understood. Kant on Human Dignity offers the first in-depth study in English of this subject. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the relevant passages in Kant as well as an analysis of the famous arguments for a value of human beings in the Kant literature, the book provides a thorough interpretation of Kant’s conception of human dignity that brings out the unity of Kant’s moral thought.

God and Human Dignity

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Author: R. Kendall Soulen,Linda Woodhead

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802833950

Category: Religion

Page: 341

View: 7000

The concept of human dignity has been stripped from its traditional context in Christian thought, becoming “a moral trump frayed by heavy use,” but a compelling alternate vision has not yet emerged. God and Human Dignity offers a fresh restatement of the nature and scope of human dignity in Christian perspective. Theologians, ethicists, and biblical scholars from around the world here examine the dimensions of human worth in the light of sacred Scripture, doctrine, and ecclesial practice. In contrast to modernity's often monochromatic accounts of human dignity in terms of freedom or rationality, these essays argue that human dignity in Christian perspective is a “many-splendored thing” reflecting humanity's participation in the divine drama of creation, redemption, and new creation. Representing disciplines across the academic spectrum, the essays in God and Human Dignity offer systematic and scriptural perspectives on human dignity that connect to a host of pressing contemporary issues. Contributors: C. Clifton Black, Russell Botman, Don Browing, J. Kameron Carter, Elaine Graham, Robert W. Jensen, James L. Mays, M. Douglas Meeks, Esther Menn, Peter Ochs, John Polkinghorne, Hans Reinders, Gerhard Sauter, Christoph Schwöbel, R. Kendall Soulen, Fraser Watts, Michael Welker, and Linda Woodhead.D

Natural Law and Human Dignity

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Author: Ernst Bloch

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262521291

Category: Philosophy

Page: 323

View: 1197

Ernst Bloch was one of the most original and influential of contemporary European thinkers, leaving his mark in fields ranging from philosophy and social theory to aesthetics and theology. This book represents a unique attempt to reconcile the traditional oppositions of the natural law and social utopian traditions, providing basic insights into the meaning of human rights in a socialist society.

On the Problem of Human Dignity

A Hermeneutical and Phenomenological Investigation

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Author: Mette Lebech

Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann

ISBN: 3826038150

Category: Dignity

Page: 327

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Human Dignity and Contemporary Liberalism

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Author: Brad Stetson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275946258

Category: Philosophy

Page: 186

View: 1680

Stetson's (director, David Institute) aim is to make a constructive critique of liberalism focusing on American public life. His argument is divided into two distinct parts, the theoretical and the practical. In the theoretical section, he examines contemporary liberalism's emphasis on individual ri

Transatlantic Slavery

Against Human Dignity

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Author: Anthony Tibbles

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 9780853231981

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 1799

Between 1500 and 1870, European traders transported millions of Africans to the Americas to work as slaves—yet despite the wealth of scholarship on this period, many people remain uninformed about the history of the slave trade and its implications for the modern black experience. Published to accompany a permanent gallery in the Merseyside Maritime Museum, Transatlantic Slavery documents this era through essays on women in slavery, the impact of slavery on West and Central Africa, and the African view of the slave trade. Richly illustrated, it reveals how the slave trade shaped the history of three continents—Africa, the Americas, and Europe—and how all of us continue to live with its consequences.

Human Dignity in the Biotech Century

A Christian Vision for Public Policy

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Author: Charles W. Colson,Nigel M. de S. Cameron

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 9780830827831

Category: Medical

Page: 252

View: 9406

Editors Charles W. Colson and Nigel M. de S. Cameron, along with a panel of expert contributors address in twelve essays the watershed legal and ethical challenges before us in twenty-first century biotechnology: stem cell research, cloning, gene therapy, pharmacogenomics, cybernetics, abortion and more.

Human Dignity in Bioethics

From Worldviews to the Public Square

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Author: Stephen Dilley,Nathan J. Palpant

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135117624

Category: Philosophy

Page: 382

View: 5695

Human Dignity in Bioethics brings together a collection of essays that rigorously examine the concept of human dignity from its metaphysical foundations to its polemical deployment in bioethical controversies. The volume falls into three parts, beginning with meta-level perspectives and moving to concrete applications. Part 1 analyzes human dignity through a worldview lens, exploring the source and meaning of human dignity from naturalist, postmodernist, Protestant, and Catholic vantages, respectively, letting each side explain and defend its own conception. Part 2 moves from metaphysical moorings to key areas of macro-level influence: international politics, American law, and biological science. These chapters examine the legitimacy of the concept of dignity in documents by international political bodies, the role of dignity in American jurisprudence, and the implications—and challenges—for dignity posed by Darwinism. Part 3 shifts from macro-level topics to concrete applications by examining the rhetoric of human dignity in specific controversies: embryonic stem cell research, abortion, human-animal chimeras, euthanasia and palliative care, psychotropic drugs, and assisted reproductive technologies. Each chapter analyzes the rhetorical use of ‘human dignity’ by opposing camps, assessing the utility of the concept and whether a different concept or approach can be a more productive means of framing or guiding the debate.

Human Rights, Human Dignity, and Cosmopolitan Ideals

Essays on Critical Theory and Human Rights

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Author: Matthias Lutz-Bachmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317119703

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 9232

This book makes a significant contribution to the on-going international dialogue on the meaning of concepts such as human rights, humanity, and cosmopolitanism. The authors propose a new agenda for research into a Critical Theory of Human Rights. Each chapter pursues three goals: to reconstruct modern philosophical theories that have contributed to our views on human rights; to highlight the importance of humanity and human dignity as a complementary dimension to liberal rights; and, finally, to integrate these issues more directly in contemporary discussions about cosmopolitanism. The authors not only present multicultural perspectives on how to rethink political and international theory in terms of the normativity of human rights, but also promote an international dialogue on the prospects for a critical theory of human rights discourses in the 21st century.

On Human Dignity

Political Theology and Ethics

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Author: Jurgen Moltmann

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 080066244X

Category: Religion

Page: 225

View: 4586

This collection of provocative essays by one of the world's most distinguished theologians deals with topics as diverse as the right to work, nuclear war, the Olympic Games, Lutheran and Reformed political thought, and the "common hope" of Judaism and Christianity ???????????? all within the framework of human rights. J????????rgen Moltmann believes that the dignity of the human being is the source for all human rights; if this dignity is not acknowledged and exercised, human beings cannot fulfill their destiny of living as the image of God.

The Edge of Life

Human Dignity and Contemporary Bioethics

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Author: Christopher Kaczor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402031564

Category: Philosophy

Page: 155

View: 6925

The Edge of Life: Human Dignity and Contemporary Bioethics treats a number of distinct moral questions and ?nds their answer in the dignity of the person, both as an agent and as a patient (in the sense of the recipient of action). Characteristically one’s view of the human being ultimately shapes one’s outlook on these matters. This book addresses questions that divide a culture of life from a culture of death as well as a number of questions debated within the Catholic tradition itself. The Edge of Life offers a critique of the new bio-ethic, represented by such notable authors as Peter Singer; it also attempts to shore up some of the dif?culties leveled by critics against the traditional ethic as well as to answer some questions disputed by those within the tradition. This book does not treat the basic principles of morality but rather many of their applications and suppositions. (For an account of contemporary debates within the Catholic tradition on these matters, see Kaczor 2002). Rather, The Edge of Life seeks to address a number of disputed contemporary questions touching upon human dignity at what has been called “the margins of life. ” The ?rst section of the book treats the dignity of the human person as recipient of action and as agent. Chapter two examines various accounts of when a human being becomes a person.