Human Dignity

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: George Kateb

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674048377

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 602

Kateb asserts that the defense of universal human rights requires two indispensable components: morality (as promoted or enforced by justice) and human dignity. For Kateb, morality and justice have sound theoretical underpinnings; human dignity, by virtue of its “existential” quality, lacks (but merits) its own theoretical framework. This he proceeds to establish with a critique of the writings of canonical Western political philosophers (Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseu, Mill, Emerson, Thoreau) and contemporary thinkers like Peter Singer and Thomas Nagel. The author argues that while morality compels just governments to prevent, reduce, or eliminate human suffering inasmuch as it is possible, people possess and are entitled to dignity by mere virtue of their “status” as human beings. Homo sapiens, he maintains, have a “stature,” manifest in the species's “great achievements,” that exceeds that of other creatures, even in (or especially in) the secular cosmos.

The Cambridge Handbook of Human Dignity

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Marcus Düwell,Jens Braarvig,Roger Brownsword,Dietmar Mieth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107782406

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9322

This introduction to human dignity explores the history of the notion from antiquity to the nineteenth century, and the way in which dignity is conceptualised in non-Western contexts. Building on this, it addresses a range of systematic conceptualisations, considers the theoretical and legal conditions for human dignity as a useful notion and analyses a number of philosophical and conceptual approaches to dignity. Finally, the book introduces current debates, paying particular attention to the legal implementation, human rights, justice and conflicts, medicine and bioethics, and provides an explicit systematic framework for discussing human dignity. Adopting a wide range of perspectives and taking into account numerous cultures and contexts, this handbook is a valuable resource for students, scholars and professionals working in philosophy, law, history and theology.

Human Dignity, Human Rights, and Responsibility

The New Language of Global Bioethics and Biolaw

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Yechiel Michael Barilan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262304880

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 3206

"Human dignity" has been enshrined in international agreements and national constitutions as a fundamental human right. The World Medical Association calls on physicians to respect human dignity and to discharge their duties with dignity. And yet human dignity is a term--like love, hope, and justice--that is intuitively grasped but never clearly defined. Some ethicists and bioethicists dismiss it; other thinkers point to its use in the service of particular ideologies. In this book, Michael Barilan offers an urgently needed, nonideological, and thorough conceptual clarification of human dignity and human rights, relating these ideas to current issues in ethics, law, and bioethics. Combining social history, history of ideas, moral theology, applied ethics, and political theory, Barilan tells the story of human dignity as a background moral ethos to human rights. After setting the problem in its scholarly context, he offers a hermeneutics of the formative texts on Imago Dei; provides a philosophical explication of the value of human dignity and of vulnerability; presents a comprehensive theory of human rights from a natural, humanist perspective; explores issues of moral status; and examines the value of responsibility as a link between virtue ethics and human dignity and rights. Barilan accompanies his theoretical claim with numerous practical illustrations, linking his theory to such issues in bioethics as end-of-life care, cloning, abortion, torture, treatment of the mentally incapacitated, the right to health care, the human organ market, disability and notions of difference, and privacy, highlighting many relevant legal aspects in constitutional and humanitarian law.

Educating for Human Dignity

Learning About Rights and Responsibilities

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Betty Reardon

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812200187

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 2462

Issues of universal human rights are critically important topics in education today. Educators, scholars, and activists urge schools to promote awareness and understanding of human rights in their curricula from the earliest levels. Written by by Betty A. Reardon, one of the foremost scholars on human rights education for the primary and secondary levels, Educating for Human Dignity is designed for both teachers and teacher educators. It is the first resource offering both guidance and support materials for human rights education programs from kindergarten through high school. It opens possibilities for an holistic approach to human rights education that directly confronts the values issues raised by human rights problems in a context of global interrelationships.

Human Dignity

Establishing Worth and Seeking Solutions

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Edward Sieh,Judy McGregor

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137560049

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 4299

This book examines the concept of dignity from a variety of global perspectives. It scrutinizes how dignity informs policy and practice, and is influenced by international and domestic law, human rights values, and domestic politics. An exciting collection of essays, this edited volume provides an analysis of human rights as they are experienced by real people who have in many cases been forced to take action to further their own interests. Readers will discover an extensive range of issues discussed, from the internet, climate change and disabilities, to globalization, old-age, and migrants' rights. The last section deals with the impact of various issues on indigenous and migrant populations, specifically violence in Columbia, border issues in Tijuana, women's and children's rights violations, and the complex problems experienced by refugees, particularly in regards to citizenship. The interdisciplinary nature of this work makes it an invaluable read for scholars of Health Studies, Law, Human Rights, Sociology and Politics.

Human Dignity

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Aharon Barak

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107090237

Category: Law

Page: 542

View: 3556

"The concept of human dignity has a 2500 year history. As it moved through history, the concept was been influenced by different religions which held it as an important component of their theological approach. It was also influenced by the views of philosophers who developed human dignity in their contemplations. In the 20th century, the concept encountered a new phenomenon. The atrocities of the Second World War, and particularly the Holocaust of the Jewish people, brought human dignity into the forefront of legal discourse. As a result, constitutional and international legal texts began to adopt the concept, and jurists appeared alongside the theologians and the philosophers. Legal scholars were called upon to determine the theoretical basis of human dignity as a constitutional value and as a constitutional right. Judges were required to solve practical problems created by the constitutionalization of human dignity, as a value or as a right"--

Kant on Human Dignity

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Oliver Sensen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110267160

Category: Philosophy

Page: 242

View: 3540

Kant is often considered the source of the contemporary idea of human dignity, but his conception of human dignity and its relation to human value and the requirement to respect others have not been widely understood. Kant on Human Dignity offers the first in-depth study in English of this subject. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the relevant passages in Kant as well as an analysis of the famous arguments for a value of human beings in the Kant literature, the book provides a thorough interpretation of Kant’s conception of human dignity that brings out the unity of Kant’s moral thought.

Perspectives on Human Dignity: A Conversation

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jeff Malpas,Norelle Lickiss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402062818

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 1011

The idea of human dignity is central to any reflection on the nature of human worth. However, the idea is a complex one that also takes on many different forms. This unique collection explores the idea of human dignity as it arises within these many different domains, opening up the possibility of a multidisciplinary conversation that illuminates the concept itself. The book includes essays by leading Australian and International figures.

God, Freedom and Human Dignity

Embracing a God-Centered Identity in a Me-Centered Culture

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ron Highfield

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 9780830864508

Category: Religion

Page: 227

View: 5787

Does God's all-encompassing will restrict our freedom? Does God's ownership and mastery over us diminish our dignity? The fear that God is a threat to our freedom and dignity goes far back in Western thought. Such suspicion remains with us today in our so-called secular society. In such a context any talk of God tends to provoke responses that range from defiance to subservience to indifference. How did Western culture come to this place? What impact does this social and intellectual environment have on those who claim to believe in God or more specifically in the Christian God of the Bible? Professor of religion Ron Highfield traces out the development of Western thought that has led us our current frame of mind from Plato, Augustine and Descartes through Locke, Kant, Blake Bentham, Hegel, Nietzsche--all the way down to Charles Taylor's landmark work Sources of the Self. At the heart of the issue is the modern notion of the autonomous self and the inevitable crisis it provokes for a view of human identity, freedom and dignity found in God. Can the modern self really secure its own freedom, dignity and happiness? What alternative do we have? Highfield makes pertinent use of trinitarian theology to show how genuine Christian faith responds to this challenge by directing us to a God who is not in competition with his human creations, but rather who provides us with what we seek but could never give ourselves. God, Freedom and Human Dignity is essential reading for Christian students who are interested in the debates around secularism, modernity and identity formation.

On Human Dignity

Political Theology and Ethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jurgen Moltmann

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 080066244X

Category: Religion

Page: 225

View: 8194

This collection of provocative essays by one of the world's most distinguished theologians deals with topics as diverse as the right to work, nuclear war, the Olympic Games, Lutheran and Reformed political thought, and the "common hope" of Judaism and Christianity ???????????? all within the framework of human rights. J????????rgen Moltmann believes that the dignity of the human being is the source for all human rights; if this dignity is not acknowledged and exercised, human beings cannot fulfill their destiny of living as the image of God.

Human Dignity and the Future of Global Institutions

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Mark P. Lagon,Anthony Clark Arend

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1626161208

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 3899

The 21st century has witnessed a proliferation of international institutions, including traditional intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, private sector entities, and other partnerships. The premise of this anthology is that these institutions need a common, animating principle in the service of the person, which is the ultimate end of global politics. The concept of human dignity, the editors claim, serves this purpose and transcends the seemingly intractable conflicts in human rights debates: political rights v. social and economic rights. Conceptually, human dignity rests on two principles: exercising agency to realize one's potential, and recognition by society of one's worth. In light of this formulation of human dignity, the anthology has two purposes: First, contributors will examine the degree to which traditional and emerging institutions are already advancing human dignity as a central mission. Second, in the spirit of developing best practices and prescriptive recommendations, contributors will identify strategies, methods, and modalities to make human dignity more central to the work of global institutions.

Sanctity of Life and Human Dignity

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Kurt Bayertz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940091590X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 9883

`Sanctity of life' and `human dignity' are two bioethical concepts that play an important role in bioethical discussions. Despite their separate history and content, they have similar functions in these discussions. In many cases they are used to bring a difficult or controversial debate to an end. They serve as unquestionable cornerstones of morality, as rocks able to weather the storms of moral pluralism. This book provides the reader with analyses of these two concepts from different philosophical, professional and cultural points of view. Sanctity of Life and Human Dignity presents a comparative analysis of both concepts.

Human Dignity in Contemporary Ethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David G. Kirchhoffer

Publisher: Teneo Press

ISBN: 1934844969

Category: Philosophy

Page: 356

View: 7800

Human Dignity in Contemporary Ethics develops a holistic and relevant understanding of human dignity for ethics today. Whilst critics of the concept of human dignity call for its dismissal, and many of its defenders rehearse the same old arguments, this book offers an alternative set of methodological assumptions on which to base a revitalized and practical understanding of human dignity, which at the same time overcomes the challenges that the concept currently faces. The Component Dimensions of Human Dignity model enables human dignity to serve both as a descriptive category that explains moral choices, and as a normative criterion that helps to evaluate moral behaviour. A consideration of two cases violent crime and physician-assisted suicide demonstrates how the model offers a way to avoid the pitfalls of both moralism and moral relativism, while still leaving space for relativity in ethics. By using an approach that should be acceptable to both religious and secular perspectives alike, this book offers a unique way out of the dignity talk that currently plagues ethics."

Natural Law and Human Dignity

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ernst Bloch

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262521291

Category: Philosophy

Page: 323

View: 1800

Ernst Bloch was one of the most original and influential of contemporary European thinkers, leaving his mark in fields ranging from philosophy and social theory to aesthetics and theology. This book represents a unique attempt to reconcile the traditional oppositions of the natural law and social utopian traditions, providing basic insights into the meaning of human rights in a socialist society.

God and Human Dignity

The Personalism, Theology, and Ethics of Martin Luther King, Jr.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Rufus Burrow, Jr.

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess

ISBN: 0268161011

Category: Religion

Page: 136

View: 9096

In Knowing the Unknowable God, David Burrell traces the intellectual intermingling of Muslim, Jewish, and Christian traditions that made possible the medieval synthesis that served as the basis for Western theology. He shows how Aquinas's study of the Muslim philosopher Ibn-Sina and the Jewish thinker Moses Maimonides affected the disciplined use of language when speaking of divinity and influenced his doctrine of God.

Human Dignity and Contemporary Liberalism

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Brad Stetson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275946258

Category: Philosophy

Page: 186

View: 4849

Stetson's (director, David Institute) aim is to make a constructive critique of liberalism focusing on American public life. His argument is divided into two distinct parts, the theoretical and the practical. In the theoretical section, he examines contemporary liberalism's emphasis on individual ri

Human Dignity

A Way of Living

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Peter Bieri

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745689051

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 7634

Dignity is humanityï¿1⁄2s most prized possession. We experience the loss of dignity as a terrible humiliation: when we lose our dignity we feel deprived of something without which life no longer seems worth living. But what exactly is this trait that we value so highly? In this important new book, distinguished philosopher Peter Bieri looks afresh at the notion of human dignity. In contrast to most traditional views, he argues that dignity is not an innate quality of human beings or a right that we possess by virtue of being human. Rather, dignity is a certain way to lead oneï¿1⁄2s life. It is a pattern of thought, experience and action ï¿1⁄2 in other words, a way of living. In Bieriï¿1⁄2s account, there are three key dimensions to dignity as a way of living. The first is the way I am treated by others: they can treat me in a way that leaves my dignity intact or they can destroy my dignity. The second dimension concerns the way that I treat other people: do I treat them in a way that allows me to live a dignified life? The third dimension concerns the view that I have of myself: which ways of seeing and treating myself allow me to maintain a sense of dignity? In the actual flow of day-to-day life these three dimensions of dignity are often interwoven, and this accounts in part for the complexity of the situations and experiences in which our dignity is at stake. So, why did we invent dignity and what role does it play in our lives? As thinking and acting beings, our lives are fragile and constantly under threat. A dignified way of living, argues Bieri, is humanityï¿1⁄2s way of coping with this threat. In our constantly endangered lives, it is important to stand our ground with confidence. Thus a dignified way of living is not any way of living: it is a particular way of responding to the existential experience of being under threat. It is also a particular way of answering the question: What kind of life do we wish to live? This beautifully written reflection on our most cherished human value will be of interest to a wide readership.

America's Jails

The Search for Human Dignity in an Age of Mass Incarceration

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Derek Jeffreys

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479838624

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8061

A look at the contemporary crisis in U.S. jails with recommendations for improving and protecting the dignity of inmates Twelve million Americans go through the U.S. jail system on an annual basis. Jails, which differ significantly from prisons, are designed to house inmates for short amounts of time, and are often occupied by large populations of legally innocent people waiting for a trial. Jails often have deplorable sanitary conditions, and there are countless records of inmates being brutalized by staff and other inmates while in custody. Local municipalities use jails to institutionalize those whom they perceive to be a threat, so hundreds of thousands of inmates suffer from mental illness. People abandoned by families or lacking health insurance, or those who cannot afford bail, often cycle in and out of jails. In America’s Jails, Derek Jeffreys draws on sociology, philosophy, history, and his personal experience volunteering in jails and prisons to provide an understanding of the jail experience from the inmates’ perspective, focusing on the stigma that surrounds incarceration. Using his research at Cook County Jail, the nation’s largest single-site jail, Jeffreys attests that jail inmates possess an inherent dignity that should govern how we treat them. Ultimately, fundamental changes in the U.S. jail system are necessary and America’s Jails provides specific policy recommendations for changing its poor conditions. Highlighting the experiences of inmates themselves, America’s Jails aims to shift public perception and understanding of jail inmates to center their inherent dignity and help eliminate the stigma attached to their incarceration.

Community Corrections and Human Dignity

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Edward Wallace Sieh

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763729059

Category: Law

Page: 382

View: 9027

This book features unique insights of the complex world of probation in the U.S. with an emphasis on the role of human dignity.

Globalisation and human dignity

sources and challenges in Catholic social thought : an essay

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: M. Februari,Martinus Muskens

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Dignity

Page: 118

View: 7517