How Europeans View and Evaluate Democracy


Author: Monica Ferrin,Hanspeter Kriesi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198766904


Page: 432

View: 942

This book answers two fundamental questions for European advanced democracies: how Europeans view democracy (or how democracy should be) and how Europeans evaluate democracy (or how European democracies work in practice). As such, it delivers essential information related to how committed European citizens are to different models of democracies, and to how well European democracies deliver according to the views of the citizens.

Demokratie, Diktatur, Gerechtigkeit

Festschrift für Wolfgang Merkel


Author: Aurel Croissant,Sascha Kneip,Alexander Petring

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365816090X

Category: Political Science

Page: 789

View: 3849

Der begriffliche Dreiklang Demokratie, Diktatur und Gerechtigkeit benennt zentrale, miteinander verknüpfte politikwissenschaftliche und gesellschaftspolitische Themen des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts. Der Band bietet aus normativer, theoretischer und empirischer Perspektive innovative Fragestellungen und Erkenntnisse zu den unterschiedlichen Facetten dieser Trias. Die Beiträge widmen sich u.a. der Konzeptualisierung und Messung von Demokratie, den Herausforderungen an junge und alte Demokratien, der Konzeptualisierung, Performanz und Persistenz von Diktaturen sowie Konzepten, Grundfragen und Herausforderungen der Gerechtigkeit in Nord und Süd.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können


Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641222915

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 8168

Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Transitions to Democracy


Author: Lisa Anderson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231502478

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 881

Are the factors that initiate democratization the same as those that maintain a democracy already established? The scholarly and policy debates over this question have never been more urgent. In 1970, Dankwart A. Rustow's clairvoyant article "Transitions to Democracy: Toward a Dynamic Model" questioned the conflation of the primary causes and sustaining conditions of democracy and democratization. Now this collection of essays by distinguished scholars responds to and extends Rustow's classic work, Transitions to Democracy--which originated as a special issue of the journal Comparative Politics and contains three new articles written especially for this volume--represents much of the current state of the large and growing literature on democratization in American political science. The essays simultaneously illustrate the remarkable reach of Rustow's prescient article across the decades and reveal what the intervening years have taught us. In light of the enormous opportunities of the post-Cold War world for the promotion of democratic government in parts of the world once thought hopelessly lost of authoritarian and totalitarian regimes, this timely collection constitutes and important contribution to the debates and efforts to promote the more open, responsive, and accountable government we associate with democracy.

States of Democracy

Gender and Politics in the European Union


Author: Yvonne Galligan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317580346

Category: Political Science

Page: 194

View: 3022

The multi-layered political system of the European Union offers a unique environment for the study of comparative democracy. Its policies seek to give effect to an agreed range of values, including that of gender equality. This book explores gender equality and democratic politics in Europe. It discusses how democratic politics engages with gender equality in the European Union and examines what happens when a core democratic value of the European Union, equality between women and men, is given policy effect in supra-national and domestic level politics. It asks how embedded is this value in democratic politics and what degree of gender equality is expressed in this environment. The collection brings to light the gendered nature of democratic politics, offering a critical gaze on the workings of modern democracy in Europe. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of democracy, European studies, gender, and key to courses seeking to incorporate a deeper gender perspective or evaluating democracy and democratic performance in institutions and decision-making.

Perceptions of the European Union in New Member States

A Comparative Perspective


Author: Gabriella Ilonszki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317965787

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 7464

The book explores the views of elites alongside those of the wider population in the European Union. The chapters place the new member states – and the potential candidate Serbia – on the map of Europe in this context for the first time. The volume's comparative method goes beyond the standard old member states versus new member states divide. It assesses regional differences within Central Europe and evaluates the problem of European and national identity formation, perception of external threats to the EU (including Russia), differences between economic and political elite views about the integration process and the connection between national performance and public opinion about Europe. Even though, in each country, positive views are dominant about the integration process, heterogeneous views prevail behind the image of a unifying Europe. The book’s major contribution is that it makes the new member states more visible and provides hard evidence while remaining theoretically driven. Furthermore, it covers the most important topics that emerge in studies concerning European integration. The book is intended for those interested in European integration in general but Central and Eastern European comparativists will find it particularly useful. This book was published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.

The Politics of Democratic Consolidation

Southern Europe in Comparative Perspective


Author: Richard Gunther,P. Nikiforos Diamandouros,Hans-Jürgen Puhle

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801849824

Category: Political Science

Page: 493

View: 3751

In The Politics of Democratic Consolidation, a distinguished group of internationally recognized scholars focus on four nations of Southern Europe—Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Greece—which have successfully consolidated their democratic regimes. Contributors are P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, Richard Gunther, Hans-Jürgen Puhle, Edward Malefakis, Juan J. Linz, Alfred Stepan, Felipe Agüero, Geoffrey Pridham, Sidney Tarrow, Leonardo Morlino, José R. Montero, Gianfranco Pasquino, and Philippe C. Schmitter.

Marketing Democracy

Changing Opinion about Inequality and Politics in East Central Europe


Author: David Stewart Mason,James R. Kluegel,Li͡udmila Aleksandrovna Khakhulina

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742501539

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 3903

Using a rich set of data from public opinion surveys conducted in the European post-communist states, this book explores popular attitudes on social, economic, and political justice focusing ultimately on OwhatOs fair?O

Political Parties in the New Europe

Political and Analytical Challenges


Author: Kurt Richard Luther,Ferdinand Müller-Rommel

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199253227

Category: Political Science

Page: 391

View: 3565

This volume brings together some of the foremost scholars of European party politics to discuss the challenges currently faced by western European political parties. Each contributor provides a concise, critical review of the theoretical and methodological 'state of the art' in respect of a specific aspect, and also reviews the latest empirical findings in that area.

Business and Banking

Political Change and Economic Integration in Western Europe


Author: Paulette Kurzer

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801427985

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 261

View: 3635

"As part of the postwar settlement, and especially since the 1960s, small European democracies instituted many entitlement programs and redistributive income policies. Each country has responded differently, however, to the economic stagnation that followed the turmoil in world trade and monetary relations of the 1970s. Comparing the recent history of relations among business, labor, and government in four countries, Paulette Kurzer addresses complex questions at the heart of contemporary debates in political economy." "Kurzer challenges the assumption that the evolution of social arrangements between government, labor, and employers can be understood without examining the interests of capital and trends toward transnationalization." "Business and Banking will be required reading for anyone concerned with the future balance between political and social institutions in Europe - including political scientists, comparativists, political economists, economic historians, and others interested in finance and public policy."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Democratic Transformation and Obstruction

EU, US, and Russia in the South Caucasus


Author: Nelli Babayan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317750616

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 6028

Although "democracy promotion" has become a popular term for policy makers and scholars, democratization is rarely a smooth or linear transition. While some countries quickly democratize, others lag behind despite a long period of democracy promotion activities. Furthermore, while democracy promotion itself has been widely studied, there is a paucity of literature available assessing the outcome or the impact of democracy promotion. This book investigates democracy promotion by the European Union and the United States of America, and seeks to uncover why intensive democracy promotion has resulted in limited democratic progress. Exploring case studies of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, this book examines the conditions in which democracy promotion is more likely to result in democratic transformation. In addition, it introduces the concept of the "democracy blocker," a powerful authoritarian regional actor that is capable of blocking democratization in other countries. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Political Science, Democracy, Democratization, EU Studies, US Politics, Comparative Politics, and Foreign Policy.

Women and Power in Parliamentary Democracies

Cabinet Appointments in Western Europe, 1968-1992


Author: Rebecca Howard Davis

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803217072

Category: Political Science

Page: 137

View: 2261

Margaret Thatcher, Mary Robinson, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Edith Cresson, and Simone Veil?these contemporary world leaders are as noteworthy for their gender as they are for the political directions they have provided. Indeed, female government leaders are so rare as to be almost an intellectual curiosity. ø Why is this the case? Why do women, who make up more than half of the world?s population, occupy so few positions at the highest levels of political power? Why are women making inroads in government in some countries while not in others? And what difference does women?s presence?or absence?make in terms of policy outcomes? ø Davis addresses these questions by examining women?s access to power through appointive channels in Western European parliamentary and parliamentary-type systems. Tracing women?s participation from 1968 to 1992 in fifteen countries, she accounts for the variation from high levels of women?s representation in Norway and Sweden to low levels in Italy and Britain. ø Little research on women and elections extends beyond the United States and Britain. Even less exists on women?s access to power through appointive channels. By comparatively examining the elite recruitment of women through appointments, this work fills a critical gap.

Building Democracy

2nd Edition


Author: Geoffrey Pridham,Eric Herring,George Sanford,University of Bristol. Dept. of Politics

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780718500993

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 9772

International factors have had a great effect upon the process of democratisation in Eastern Europe according to the contributors to this book. Furthermore they maintain that the international dimension has not always been a favourable one.

Democracy Transformed?

Expanding Political Opportunities in Advanced Industrial Democracies


Author: Bruce E. Cain,Russell J. Dalton,Susan E. Scarrow

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199291649

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 1135

This text assembles the evidence of how democratic institutions and processes are changing and considers the larger implications of these reforms for the nature of democracy. The findings point to a new style of democratic politics that expands the nature of democracy.

Capitalism and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe

Assessing the Legacy of Communist Rule


Author: Grzegorz Ekiert,Stephen E. Hanson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529853

Category: History

Page: 375

View: 5067

Addresses the problem of assessing institutional change in the wake of communism's collapse in Europe.

The State of Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe

A Comparative Perspective


Author: Ramona Coman,Luca Tomini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317379888

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 5582

The State of Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe brings together scholars specialising in the study of Central and Eastern Europe, and provides a comprehensive analysis of some of the major issues in the democratic make-up of the EU’s new member states. The book covers the main dimensions of the state, and contributors discuss questions about the development of democracy in Central and Eastern Europe over the past twenty years. What is the present state of democracy in Central and Eastern Europe more than twenty years since the end of communist regimes? What is the actual functioning of the political institutions of these countries? How is political participation structured, and what role do political parties play in these democracies? What guarantees are provided to limit governmental powers and abuse? What is the role of the judicial system, and the relationship between justice and politics? How can we evaluate the EU’s influence regarding democratic consolidation? What is the role of the public opinion? This book was originally published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.

Party Government in the New Europe


Author: Hans Keman,Ferdinand Muller-Rommel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136279032

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 8439

This truly comparative volume examines the "life cycle" of party governments in Europe from 1990 onwards, and analyses its role and function in contemporary European parliamentary democracies. The life and the performance of party governments in Europe became more and more volatile and publicly contested. In some cases, it has even challenge the democratic quality of the state. This book presents comparative analyses of party governments from formation and duration, to performance. It brings together some of the foremost scholars researching on party government to evaluate existing theories and compare both the developments in the Western and the ‘new’ Eastern Europe in an empirically-grounded comparative analysis. The book discusses the interaction between various institutions, political parties and policies, and evaluates how institutional change and party behaviour can drive the "life cycle" of party government. Party Government in the New Europe will be of interest to students and scholars of Comparative Politics, Democracy, Government and European Politics.

Democracy and Political Culture in Eastern Europe


Author: Hans-Dieter Klingemann,Dieter Fuchs,Jan Zielonka

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134170416

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 6278

What is the relationship between democracy and political culture in countries undergoing major systemic change? Have subjective political orientations of citizens been important in shaping the development of democracy in central and eastern Europe after the fall of communism? These core questions are tackled by an impressive range of twenty political scientists, sixteen of which are based in the central and eastern European countries covered in this essential new book. Their analyses draw on a unique set of data collected and processed by the contributors to this volume within the framework of the World Values Survey project. This data enables these authors to establish similarities and differences in support of democracy between a large number of countries with different cultural and structural conditions as well as historical legacies. The macro-level findings of the book tend to support the proposition that support of democracy declines the further east one goes. In contrast, micro-level relationships have been found to be astonishingly similar. For example, support of democracy is always positively related to higher levels of education – no matter where an individual citizen happens to live. This new book builds a clear understanding of what makes democracies strong and resistant to autocratic temptation.

Comparative Political Leadership


Author: Ludger Helms

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230296491

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 638

What do we expect from our leaders, and how do we judge their performance? There can be no substantive assessment of leaders and leadership without comparing the fundamentally different contexts and settings in which leaders operate. At a time when international political research is rediscovering the importance of leadership, this volume marks the first major study specifically devoted to exploring all the fields of political leadership from a genuinely comparative perspective. The chapters in this volume cast a new light on the changing features and trends in the classic areas of political leadership, such as executive and legislative leadership, and leadership in political parties. In addition, they explore many younger subfields of political leadership research, such as crisis leadership and leadership in social movements. These area-related analyses are complemented by more expansive assessments of leadership in old and new democracies, in non-democratic regimes, and in international organizations. The distinguished team of contributors is composed of leadership scholars from three continents and nine countries.