How Europeans View and Evaluate Democracy

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Author: Monica Ferrin,Hanspeter Kriesi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198766904

Category:

Page: 432

View: 7572

This book answers two fundamental questions for European advanced democracies: how Europeans view democracy (or how democracy should be) and how Europeans evaluate democracy (or how European democracies work in practice). As such, it delivers essential information related to how committed European citizens are to different models of democracies, and to how well European democracies deliver according to the views of the citizens.

Democracy and the Cartelization of Political Parties

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Author: Richard S. Katz,Peter Mair

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192562002

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 6174

Political parties have long been recognized as essential institutions of democratic governance. Both the organization of parties, and their relationships with citizens, the state, and each other have evolved since the rise of liberal democracy in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Going into the 21st century, it appears that parties losing popular support, putting both parties, and potentially democracy, in peril. This book traces the evolution of parties from the model of the mass party, through the catch-all party model, to argue that by the late 20th century the principal governing parties and (and their allied smaller parties - collectively the political 'mainstream') were effectively forming a cartel, in which the form of competition might remain, and indeed even appear to intensify, while its substance was increasingly hollowed out. The spoils of office were increasingly shared rather than restricted to the temporary winners; contentious policy questions were kept off the political agenda, and competition shifted from large questions of policy to minor questions of managerial competence. To support this cartel, the internal arrangements of parties changed to privilege the party in public office over the party on the ground. The unintended consequence has been to stimulate the rise of extra-cartel challengers to these cozy arrangements in the form of anti-party-system parties and populist oppositions on the left, but especially on the right. Comparative Politics is a series for researchers, teachers, and students of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu. The series is edited by Emilie van Haute, Professor of Political Science, Université libre de Bruxelles; Ferdinand Müller-Rommel, Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University; and Susan Scarrow, John and Rebecca Moores Professor of Political Science, University of Houston.

Comparative Politics

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Author: Daniele Caramani

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198737424

Category:

Page: 624

View: 549

An outstanding group of internationally-renowned comparative political scientists provide a substantive introduction to comparative politics. Thematic in organisation, readers are guided through a comprehensive analysis of the core methods, theories, and concepts in comparative politics. An unrivalled amount of empirical material in the text and on the supporting website illustrates key similarities and differences of political systems inpractice. The wealth of empirical data also encourages students to go beyond the "what" of comparison to the "how". Combining cutting edge treatment of theories and truly global geographical coverage, this exciting textbook is essential reading for all comparative politics students.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können

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Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641222915

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 7809

Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Transitions to Democracy

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Author: Lisa Anderson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231502478

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 1407

Are the factors that initiate democratization the same as those that maintain a democracy already established? The scholarly and policy debates over this question have never been more urgent. In 1970, Dankwart A. Rustow's clairvoyant article "Transitions to Democracy: Toward a Dynamic Model" questioned the conflation of the primary causes and sustaining conditions of democracy and democratization. Now this collection of essays by distinguished scholars responds to and extends Rustow's classic work, Transitions to Democracy--which originated as a special issue of the journal Comparative Politics and contains three new articles written especially for this volume--represents much of the current state of the large and growing literature on democratization in American political science. The essays simultaneously illustrate the remarkable reach of Rustow's prescient article across the decades and reveal what the intervening years have taught us. In light of the enormous opportunities of the post-Cold War world for the promotion of democratic government in parts of the world once thought hopelessly lost of authoritarian and totalitarian regimes, this timely collection constitutes and important contribution to the debates and efforts to promote the more open, responsive, and accountable government we associate with democracy.

Perceptions of the European Union in New Member States

A Comparative Perspective

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Author: Gabriella Ilonszki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317965787

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 6408

The book explores the views of elites alongside those of the wider population in the European Union. The chapters place the new member states – and the potential candidate Serbia – on the map of Europe in this context for the first time. The volume's comparative method goes beyond the standard old member states versus new member states divide. It assesses regional differences within Central Europe and evaluates the problem of European and national identity formation, perception of external threats to the EU (including Russia), differences between economic and political elite views about the integration process and the connection between national performance and public opinion about Europe. Even though, in each country, positive views are dominant about the integration process, heterogeneous views prevail behind the image of a unifying Europe. The book’s major contribution is that it makes the new member states more visible and provides hard evidence while remaining theoretically driven. Furthermore, it covers the most important topics that emerge in studies concerning European integration. The book is intended for those interested in European integration in general but Central and Eastern European comparativists will find it particularly useful. This book was published as a special issue of Europe-Asia Studies.

Verfassung und Integration in Europa

Wege zu einer supranationalen Demokratie

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Author: Achim Hurrelmann

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593377055

Category: Political Science

Page: 329

View: 3232

Im Oktober 2004 unterzeichneten die EU-Regierungschefs die europäische Verfassung. Doch wird diese zu einer Demokratisierung der EU führen? Oder scheitert sie daran, dass zentrale Voraussetzungen der Demokratie •etwa ein Zusammengehörigkeitsgefühl der Bevölkerung – in der EU nicht bestehen? Achim Hurrelmann legt dar, welche Bedingungen für die Umsetzung einer konstitutionellen Demokratie gegeben sein müssen. Er erläutert verschiedene in der EU-Verfassungsdebatte vertretene Konstitutionalisierungsmodelle und bewertet das demokratische Potenzial des aktuellen Verfassungsentwurfs.

Business and Banking

Political Change and Economic Integration in Western Europe

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Author: Paulette Kurzer

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801427985

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 261

View: 808

"As part of the postwar settlement, and especially since the 1960s, small European democracies instituted many entitlement programs and redistributive income policies. Each country has responded differently, however, to the economic stagnation that followed the turmoil in world trade and monetary relations of the 1970s. Comparing the recent history of relations among business, labor, and government in four countries, Paulette Kurzer addresses complex questions at the heart of contemporary debates in political economy." "Kurzer challenges the assumption that the evolution of social arrangements between government, labor, and employers can be understood without examining the interests of capital and trends toward transnationalization." "Business and Banking will be required reading for anyone concerned with the future balance between political and social institutions in Europe - including political scientists, comparativists, political economists, economic historians, and others interested in finance and public policy."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

States of Democracy

Gender and Politics in the European Union

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Author: Yvonne Galligan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317580346

Category: Political Science

Page: 194

View: 1416

The multi-layered political system of the European Union offers a unique environment for the study of comparative democracy. Its policies seek to give effect to an agreed range of values, including that of gender equality. This book explores gender equality and democratic politics in Europe. It discusses how democratic politics engages with gender equality in the European Union and examines what happens when a core democratic value of the European Union, equality between women and men, is given policy effect in supra-national and domestic level politics. It asks how embedded is this value in democratic politics and what degree of gender equality is expressed in this environment. The collection brings to light the gendered nature of democratic politics, offering a critical gaze on the workings of modern democracy in Europe. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of democracy, European studies, gender, and key to courses seeking to incorporate a deeper gender perspective or evaluating democracy and democratic performance in institutions and decision-making.

Democratic Transformation and Obstruction

EU, US, and Russia in the South Caucasus

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Author: Nelli Babayan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317750616

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 362

Although "democracy promotion" has become a popular term for policy makers and scholars, democratization is rarely a smooth or linear transition. While some countries quickly democratize, others lag behind despite a long period of democracy promotion activities. Furthermore, while democracy promotion itself has been widely studied, there is a paucity of literature available assessing the outcome or the impact of democracy promotion. This book investigates democracy promotion by the European Union and the United States of America, and seeks to uncover why intensive democracy promotion has resulted in limited democratic progress. Exploring case studies of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, this book examines the conditions in which democracy promotion is more likely to result in democratic transformation. In addition, it introduces the concept of the "democracy blocker," a powerful authoritarian regional actor that is capable of blocking democratization in other countries. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Political Science, Democracy, Democratization, EU Studies, US Politics, Comparative Politics, and Foreign Policy.

Women and Power in Parliamentary Democracies

Cabinet Appointments in Western Europe, 1968-1992

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Author: Rebecca Howard Davis

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803217072

Category: Political Science

Page: 137

View: 9271

Margaret Thatcher, Mary Robinson, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Edith Cresson, and Simone Veil?these contemporary world leaders are as noteworthy for their gender as they are for the political directions they have provided. Indeed, female government leaders are so rare as to be almost an intellectual curiosity. ø Why is this the case? Why do women, who make up more than half of the world?s population, occupy so few positions at the highest levels of political power? Why are women making inroads in government in some countries while not in others? And what difference does women?s presence?or absence?make in terms of policy outcomes? ø Davis addresses these questions by examining women?s access to power through appointive channels in Western European parliamentary and parliamentary-type systems. Tracing women?s participation from 1968 to 1992 in fifteen countries, she accounts for the variation from high levels of women?s representation in Norway and Sweden to low levels in Italy and Britain. ø Little research on women and elections extends beyond the United States and Britain. Even less exists on women?s access to power through appointive channels. By comparatively examining the elite recruitment of women through appointments, this work fills a critical gap.

Building Democracy

2nd Edition

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Author: Geoffrey Pridham,Eric Herring,George Sanford,University of Bristol. Dept. of Politics

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780718500993

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 8821

International factors have had a great effect upon the process of democratisation in Eastern Europe according to the contributors to this book. Furthermore they maintain that the international dimension has not always been a favourable one.

Capitalism and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe

Assessing the Legacy of Communist Rule

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Author: Grzegorz Ekiert,Stephen E. Hanson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529853

Category: History

Page: 375

View: 3435

Addresses the problem of assessing institutional change in the wake of communism's collapse in Europe.

Democracy and Political Culture in Eastern Europe

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Author: Hans-Dieter Klingemann,Dieter Fuchs,Jan Zielonka

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134170416

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 1613

What is the relationship between democracy and political culture in countries undergoing major systemic change? Have subjective political orientations of citizens been important in shaping the development of democracy in central and eastern Europe after the fall of communism? These core questions are tackled by an impressive range of twenty political scientists, sixteen of which are based in the central and eastern European countries covered in this essential new book. Their analyses draw on a unique set of data collected and processed by the contributors to this volume within the framework of the World Values Survey project. This data enables these authors to establish similarities and differences in support of democracy between a large number of countries with different cultural and structural conditions as well as historical legacies. The macro-level findings of the book tend to support the proposition that support of democracy declines the further east one goes. In contrast, micro-level relationships have been found to be astonishingly similar. For example, support of democracy is always positively related to higher levels of education – no matter where an individual citizen happens to live. This new book builds a clear understanding of what makes democracies strong and resistant to autocratic temptation.

Comparative Political Leadership

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Author: Ludger Helms

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230296491

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 807

What do we expect from our leaders, and how do we judge their performance? There can be no substantive assessment of leaders and leadership without comparing the fundamentally different contexts and settings in which leaders operate. At a time when international political research is rediscovering the importance of leadership, this volume marks the first major study specifically devoted to exploring all the fields of political leadership from a genuinely comparative perspective. The chapters in this volume cast a new light on the changing features and trends in the classic areas of political leadership, such as executive and legislative leadership, and leadership in political parties. In addition, they explore many younger subfields of political leadership research, such as crisis leadership and leadership in social movements. These area-related analyses are complemented by more expansive assessments of leadership in old and new democracies, in non-democratic regimes, and in international organizations. The distinguished team of contributors is composed of leadership scholars from three continents and nine countries.

Party Government in the New Europe

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Author: Hans Keman,Ferdinand Muller-Rommel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136279032

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 3754

This truly comparative volume examines the "life cycle" of party governments in Europe from 1990 onwards, and analyses its role and function in contemporary European parliamentary democracies. The life and the performance of party governments in Europe became more and more volatile and publicly contested. In some cases, it has even challenge the democratic quality of the state. This book presents comparative analyses of party governments from formation and duration, to performance. It brings together some of the foremost scholars researching on party government to evaluate existing theories and compare both the developments in the Western and the ‘new’ Eastern Europe in an empirically-grounded comparative analysis. The book discusses the interaction between various institutions, political parties and policies, and evaluates how institutional change and party behaviour can drive the "life cycle" of party government. Party Government in the New Europe will be of interest to students and scholars of Comparative Politics, Democracy, Government and European Politics.

Comparative Politics

Rationality, Culture, and Structure

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Author: Mark Irving Lichbach,Alan S. Zuckerman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521586689

Category: Political Science

Page: 321

View: 1293

This collection reassesses rational choice theory, culturalist analysis, and structuralist approaches to comparative politics.

How East Asians View Democracy

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Author: Yun-han Chu,Larry Diamond,Andrew J. Nathan,Doh Chull Shin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231517831

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 3652

East Asian democracies are in trouble, their legitimacy threatened by poor policy performance and undermined by nostalgia for the progrowth, soft-authoritarian regimes of the past. Yet citizens throughout the region value freedom, reject authoritarian alternatives, and believe in democracy. This book is the first to report the results of a large-scale survey-research project, the East Asian Barometer, in which eight research teams conducted national-sample surveys in five new democracies (Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Thailand, and Mongolia), one established democracy (Japan), and two nondemocracies (China and Hong Kong) in order to assess the prospects for democratic consolidation. The findings present a definitive account of the way in which East Asians understand their governments and their roles as citizens. Contributors use their expert local knowledge to analyze responses from a set of core questions, revealing both common patterns and national characteristics in citizens' views of democracy. They explore sources of divergence and convergence in attitudes within and across nations. The findings are sobering. Japanese citizens are disillusioned. The region's new democracies have yet to prove themselves, and citizens in authoritarian China assess their regime's democratic performance relatively favorably. The contributors to this volume contradict the claim that democratic governance is incompatible with East Asian cultures but counsel against complacency toward the fate of democracy in the region. While many forces affect democratic consolidation, popular attitudes are a crucial factor. This book shows how and why skepticism and frustration are the ruling sentiments among today's East Asians.

Comparative Politics

Interests, Identities, and Institutions in a Changing Global Order

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Author: Jeffrey Kopstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521633567

Category: Political Science

Page: 429

View: 4280

Why are the countries of the world governed so differently? How did this diversity of political orders come about? Will liberal capitalism spread farther around the globe in the 21st century? These are the questions that guide this new introductory text to comparative politics. Cast through the lens of ten historically grounded country studies, it illustrates and explains how the three major concepts of comparative political analysis--interests, identities, and institutions--shape the politics of nations. This textbook provides students with the conceptual tools and historical background they need to understand the politics of today's complex world.