Holistic Anthropology

Emergence and Convergence

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Author: David Parkin

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857451529

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9018

Given the broad reach of anthropology as the science of humankind, there are times when the subject fragments into specialisms and times when there is rapprochement. Rather than just seeing them as reactions to each other, it is perhaps better to say that both tendencies co-exist and that it is very much a matter of perspective as to which is dominant at any moment. The perspective adopted by the contributors to this volume is that some anthropologists have, over the last decade or so, been paying considerable attention to developments in the study of social and biological evolution and of material culture, and that this has brought social, material cultural and biological anthropologists closer to each other and closer to allied disciplines such as archaeology and psychology. A more eclectic anthropology once characteristic of an earlier age is thus re-emerging. The new holism does not result from the merging of sharply distinguished disciplines but from among anthropologists themselves who see social organization as fundamentally a problem of human ecology, and, from that, of material and mental creativity, human biology, and the co-evolution of society and culture. It is part of a wider interest beyond anthropology in the origins and rationale of human activities, claims and beliefs, and draws on inferential or speculative reasoning as well as 'hard' evidence. The book argues that, while usefully borrowing from other subjects, all such reasoning must be grounded in prolonged, intensive and linguistically-informed fieldwork and comparison.

Ein Wissenschaftsmuseum geht unter die Haut

Sensorische Ethnographie des Deutschen Hygiene-Museums

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Author: Susanne B. Schmitt

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839420199

Category: Art

Page: 272

View: 2658

Sensory Turn: Diese experimentelle Ethnographie beleuchtet erstmalig ein Wissenschaftsmuseum aus der Perspektive leiblicher Erfahrung. Im Zentrum steht dabei die Frage nach Diskursen und Erfahrungen von den Sinnen und von Sinnlichkeit in einer Institution des Kulturbetriebes, die sich dem Thema »Körper« widmet. Susanne B. Schmitt stellt die Perspektiven von Museumsmitarbeitern in den Mittelpunkt und hinterfragt ihr Erleben des Deutschen Hygiene-Museums als durch den Körper erfahrenen Ort. In ihrer ethnologisch informierten Studie beleuchtet sie dabei kritisch die Hierarchisierung und Klassifizierung der »Sinne« als lokale und lokalisierbare Weisen der Wahrnehmung.

Ritual Theatre

The Power of Dramatic Ritual in Personal Development Groups and Clinical Practice

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Author: Claire Schrader

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1849051380

Category: Psychology

Page: 334

View: 5220

This book considers the relevance of ritual theatre in contemporary life and describes how it is being used as a highly cathartic therapeutic process. With contributions from leading experts in the field of dramatherapy, the book brings together a broad spectrum of approaches to ritual theatre as a healing system.

Encyclopedia of Language and Education

Research Methods in Language and Education

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Author: Nancy Hornberger,P. Corson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401145350

Category: Education

Page: 392

View: 1052

This volume seeks to enable language and education practitioners and researchers to get a sense of the range of issues being pursued in language and education research and the array of methods employed to do so. It focuses on language and education in relation to society, variation, culture, and interaction. Its unity of purpose and outlook with regard to the central role of language as both vehicle and mediator of educational processes and to the need for continued and deepening research into the limits and possibilities that implies is most impressive.

Anthropology and Political Science

A Convergent Approach

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Author: Myron J. Aronoff,Jan Kubik

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 085745725X

Category: Political Science

Page: 341

View: 2531

What can anthropology and political science learn from each other? The authors argue that collaboration, particularly in the area of concepts and methodologies, is tremendously beneficial for both disciplines, though they also deal with some troubling aspects of the relationship. Focusing on the influence of anthropology on political science, the book examines the basic assumptions the practitioners of each discipline make about the nature of social and political reality, compares some of the key concepts each field employs, and provides an extensive review of the basic methods of research that "bridge" both disciplines: ethnography and case study. Through ethnography (participant observation), reliance on extended case studies, and the use of "anthropological" concepts and sensibilities, a greater understanding of some of the most challenging issues of the day can be gained. For example, political anthropology challenges the illusion of the "autonomy of the political" assumed by political science to characterize so-called modern societies. Several chapters include a cross-disciplinary analysis of key concepts and issues: political culture, political ritual, the politics of collective identity, democratization in divided societies, conflict resolution, civil society, and the politics of post-Communist transformations.

Invisible Genealogies

A History of Americanist Anthropology

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Author: Regna Darnell

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803219151

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 4316

Invisible Genealogies is a landmark reinterpretation of the history of anthropology in North America. During the past two decades, theorizing by many American anthropologists has called for an "experimental moment" grounded in explicit self-reflexive scholarship and experimentation with alternate forms of presentation. Such postmodern anthropology has effectively downplayed connections with past luminaries in the field, whose scholarship is perceived to be uncomfortably colonialist and nonreflexive. Ironically, as the American Anthropological Association nears its one hundredth anniversary and interest in the history of the discipline is at an all-time high, that history has been effectively presented as removed from and irrelevant to the new generation. Invisible Genealogies offers an alternative, compelling vision of the development of anthropology in North America, one that emphasizes continuity rather than discontinuity from legendary founder Franz Boas to the present. Regna Darnell identifies key interpretive assumptions and practices that have persisted, sometimes in modified form, since the groundbreaking work of A. L. Kroeber, Boas, Ruth Benedict, Edward Sapir, Elsie Clews Parsons, Paul Radin, Benjamin Lee Whorf, and A. Irving Hallowell during the founding decades of anthropology. Also highlighted are the Americanist roots of postmodern anthropology and the work of innovative recent scholars like Claude Lävi-Strauss and Clifford Geertz.

Perspectives on anthropology, 1976

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Author: Anthony F. C. Wallace,American Anthropological Association

Publisher: Amer Anthropological Assn

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 161

View: 3726

1982 World History Teaching Conference

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Author: United States Air Force Academy. Dept. of History,American Historical Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Area studies

Page: 102

View: 6682

Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle

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Author: Daniel A. Segal,Sylvia J. Yanagisako

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822386844

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 2811

Lively, forceful, and impassioned, Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle is a major intervention in debates about the configuration of the discipline of anthropology. In the essays brought together in this provocative collection, prominent anthropologists consider the effects of and alternatives to the standard definition of the discipline as a “holistic” study of humanity based on the integration of the four fields of archaeology, biological anthropology, sociocultural anthropology, and linguistic anthropology. Editors Daniel A. Segal and Sylvia J. Yanagisako provide a powerful introduction to the volume. Unabashed in their criticism of the four-field structure, they argue that North American anthropology is tainted by its roots in nineteenth-century social evolutionary thought. The essayists consider the complex state of anthropology, its relation to other disciplines and the public sphere beyond academia, the significance of the convergence of linguistic and cultural anthropology, and whether or not anthropology is the best home for archaeology. While the contributors are not in full agreement with one another, they all critique “official” definitions of anthropology as having a fixed, four-field core. The editors are keenly aware that anthropology is too protean to be remade along the lines of any master plan, and this volume does not offer one. It does open discussions of anthropology’s institutional structure to all possible outcomes, including the refashioning of the discipline as it now exists. Contributors. James Clifford, Ian Hodder, Rena Lederman, Daniel A. Segal, Michael Silverstein, Sylvia J. Yanagisako

Cyberanthropology

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Author: Alexander Knorr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783779503590

Category: Cybernetics

Page: 187

View: 3433

Einladung zur Soziologie

Eine humanistische Perspektive

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Author: Peter Berger

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825248321

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1397

Im Alter von 35 Jahren schrieb Peter L. Berger seine charmante Einführung „Invitation to Sociology“, welche in zahlreiche Sprachen übersetzt wurde. Mit seiner konkurrenz- und zeitlosen »Einladung zur Soziologie« eröffnet er auf möglichst leichtfüßige und eingängige Art einen Zugang in die Denk- und Arbeitsweisen des Fachs. Ergänzt wird das Werk durch ein aktuelles Interview, das die Herausgeberin Michaela Pfadenhauer mit Peter L. Berger über dieses Buch und sein heutiges Verständnis von Soziologie führte. Peter L. Berger gilt als bedeutendster Vertreter der „neueren Wissenssoziologie“ und scharfer Analytiker der Gegenwart. Er leitete 30 Jahre lang das von ihm gegründete „Institute for Culture, Religion and World Affairs“ (CURA) an der Boston University. Mit dieser utb-Studienausgabe wird das wichtige Werk Studienanfängern wieder zugänglich gemacht.

Settler Colonialism and the Transformation of Anthropology

The Politics and Poetics of an Ethnographic Event

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Author: Patrick Wolfe

Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 7693

"Organized around a startling historical reconstruction of the political and theoretical conditions that produced the great anthropological controversy over doctrines of virgin birth, this book argues that the allegation that natives do not understand the relation between sex and conception reveals a great deal about European colonial discourse and little, if anything, about indigenous belief. As the author explores the links between metropolitan anthropological theory and local colonial politics from the nineteenth century to the present, the specificity of settler colonialism and the ideological and sexual regimes that characterize it emerge with increasing clarity. In addition to re-reading the history of anthropology and its intersections with colonial power, this book obliges us to reconceptualize the heterogeneity of colonialism itself."--Back cover.

Annual Review of Anthropology

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Author: William H. Durham,E. Valentine Daniel,Bambi B. Schieffelin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780824319281

Category: Social Science

Page: 652

View: 2961

Schulden

Die ersten 5000 Jahre

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Author: David Graeber

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608103104

Category: Political Science

Page: 536

View: 9377

Ein radikales Buch im doppelten Wortsinn, denn Graeber packt das Problem der Schulden an der Wurzel, indem er bis zu ihren Anfängen in der Geschichte zurückgeht. Das führt ihn mitten hinein in die Krisenherde unserer Zeit: Von der Antike bis in die Gegenwart sind revolutionäre Bewegungen immer in Schuldenkrisen entstanden. Graeber sprengt die moralischen Fesseln, die uns auf das Prinzip der Schulden verpflichten. Denn diese Moral ist eine Waffe in der Hand der Mächtigen. Die weltweite Schuldenwirtschaft ist eine Bankrotterklärung der Ökonomie. Der Autor enttarnt Geld- und Kredittheorien als Mythen, die die Ökonomisierung aller sozialen Beziehungen vorantreiben. Im Kern ist dieses Buch ein hohes Lied auf die Freiheit: Das sumerische Wort »amargi«, das Synonym für Schuldenfreiheit, ist Graeber zufolge das erste Wort für Freiheit in menschlicher Sprache überhaupt. David Graeber ist einer der Begründer der Occupy-Bewegung.