Holistic Anthropology

Emergence and Convergence

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Author: David Parkin

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857451529

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1348

Given the broad reach of anthropology as the science of humankind, there are times when the subject fragments into specialisms and times when there is rapprochement. Rather than just seeing them as reactions to each other, it is perhaps better to say that both tendencies co-exist and that it is very much a matter of perspective as to which is dominant at any moment. The perspective adopted by the contributors to this volume is that some anthropologists have, over the last decade or so, been paying considerable attention to developments in the study of social and biological evolution and of material culture, and that this has brought social, material cultural and biological anthropologists closer to each other and closer to allied disciplines such as archaeology and psychology. A more eclectic anthropology once characteristic of an earlier age is thus re-emerging. The new holism does not result from the merging of sharply distinguished disciplines but from among anthropologists themselves who see social organization as fundamentally a problem of human ecology, and, from that, of material and mental creativity, human biology, and the co-evolution of society and culture. It is part of a wider interest beyond anthropology in the origins and rationale of human activities, claims and beliefs, and draws on inferential or speculative reasoning as well as 'hard' evidence. The book argues that, while usefully borrowing from other subjects, all such reasoning must be grounded in prolonged, intensive and linguistically-informed fieldwork and comparison.

Ein Wissenschaftsmuseum geht unter die Haut

Sensorische Ethnographie des Deutschen Hygiene-Museums

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Author: Susanne B. Schmitt

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839420199

Category: Art

Page: 272

View: 6613

Sensory Turn: Diese experimentelle Ethnographie beleuchtet erstmalig ein Wissenschaftsmuseum aus der Perspektive leiblicher Erfahrung. Im Zentrum steht dabei die Frage nach Diskursen und Erfahrungen von den Sinnen und von Sinnlichkeit in einer Institution des Kulturbetriebes, die sich dem Thema »Körper« widmet. Susanne B. Schmitt stellt die Perspektiven von Museumsmitarbeitern in den Mittelpunkt und hinterfragt ihr Erleben des Deutschen Hygiene-Museums als durch den Körper erfahrenen Ort. In ihrer ethnologisch informierten Studie beleuchtet sie dabei kritisch die Hierarchisierung und Klassifizierung der »Sinne« als lokale und lokalisierbare Weisen der Wahrnehmung.

Ritual Theatre

The Power of Dramatic Ritual in Personal Development Groups and Clinical Practice

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Author: Claire Schrader

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1849051380

Category: Psychology

Page: 334

View: 7649

This book considers the relevance of ritual theatre in contemporary life and describes how it is being used as a highly cathartic therapeutic process. With contributions from leading experts in the field of dramatherapy, the book brings together a broad spectrum of approaches to ritual theatre as a healing system.

Encyclopedia of Language and Education

Research Methods in Language and Education

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Author: Nancy H. Hornberger,P. Corson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401145350

Category: Education

Page: 392

View: 9333

This volume seeks to enable language and education practitioners and researchers to get a sense of the range of issues being pursued in language and education research and the array of methods employed to do so. It focuses on language and education in relation to society, variation, culture, and interaction. Its unity of purpose and outlook with regard to the central role of language as both vehicle and mediator of educational processes and to the need for continued and deepening research into the limits and possibilities that implies is most impressive.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 7990

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The Social Sciences

A Cross-disciplinary Guide to Selected Sources

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Author: Nancy L. Herron

Publisher: Libraries Unltd Incorporated

ISBN: 9781563089855

Category: Education

Page: 494

View: 474

The updated and expanded third edition of this widely used work comprises more than 1,500 annotated citations. It has served as a teaching text for students wanting a clear approach to learning about important reference sources in the social sciences.

Anthropology and Political Science

A Convergent Approach

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Author: Myron J. Aronoff,Jan Kubik

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 085745725X

Category: Political Science

Page: 341

View: 7400

What can anthropology and political science learn from each other? The authors argue that collaboration, particularly in the area of concepts and methodologies, is tremendously beneficial for both disciplines, though they also deal with some troubling aspects of the relationship. Focusing on the influence of anthropology on political science, the book examines the basic assumptions the practitioners of each discipline make about the nature of social and political reality, compares some of the key concepts each field employs, and provides an extensive review of the basic methods of research that "bridge" both disciplines: ethnography and case study. Through ethnography (participant observation), reliance on extended case studies, and the use of "anthropological" concepts and sensibilities, a greater understanding of some of the most challenging issues of the day can be gained. For example, political anthropology challenges the illusion of the "autonomy of the political" assumed by political science to characterize so-called modern societies. Several chapters include a cross-disciplinary analysis of key concepts and issues: political culture, political ritual, the politics of collective identity, democratization in divided societies, conflict resolution, civil society, and the politics of post-Communist transformations.

Invisible Genealogies

A History of Americanist Anthropology

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Author: Regna Darnell

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803219151

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 3226

Invisible Genealogies is a landmark reinterpretation of the history of anthropology in North America. During the past two decades, theorizing by many American anthropologists has called for an "experimental moment" grounded in explicit self-reflexive scholarship and experimentation with alternate forms of presentation. Such postmodern anthropology has effectively downplayed connections with past luminaries in the field, whose scholarship is perceived to be uncomfortably colonialist and nonreflexive. Ironically, as the American Anthropological Association nears its one hundredth anniversary and interest in the history of the discipline is at an all-time high, that history has been effectively presented as removed from and irrelevant to the new generation. Invisible Genealogies offers an alternative, compelling vision of the development of anthropology in North America, one that emphasizes continuity rather than discontinuity from legendary founder Franz Boas to the present. Regna Darnell identifies key interpretive assumptions and practices that have persisted, sometimes in modified form, since the groundbreaking work of A. L. Kroeber, Boas, Ruth Benedict, Edward Sapir, Elsie Clews Parsons, Paul Radin, Benjamin Lee Whorf, and A. Irving Hallowell during the founding decades of anthropology. Also highlighted are the Americanist roots of postmodern anthropology and the work of innovative recent scholars like Claude Lävi-Strauss and Clifford Geertz.

Perspectives on anthropology, 1976

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Author: Anthony F. C. Wallace,American Anthropological Association

Publisher: Amer Anthropological Assn

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 161

View: 2890

1982 World History Teaching Conference

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Author: United States Air Force Academy. Dept. of History,American Historical Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Area studies

Page: 102

View: 1208

Erfahrung Mathematik

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Author: P.J. Davis,R. Hersh

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034850409

Category: Science

Page: 466

View: 1021

ie ältesten uns bekannten mathematischen Schriftta D feln stammen aus der Zeit um 2400 v. ehr. ; aber wir dürfen davon ausgehen, daß das Bedürfnis, Mathematik zu schaffen, ein Ausdruck der menschlichen Zivilisation an sich ist. In vier bis fünf Jahrtausenden hat sich ein gewalti ges System von Praktiken und Begriffen - die Mathematik herangebildet, die in vielfältiger Weise mit unserem Alltag verknüpft ist. Was ist Mathematik? Was bedeutet sie? Wo mit befaßt sie sich? Was sind ihre Methoden? Wie wird sie geschaffen und benützt? Wo ist ihr Platz in der Vielgestalt der menschlichen Erfahrung? Welchen Nutzen bringt sie? Was für Schaden richtet sie an? Welches Gewicht kommt ihr zu? Diese schwierigen Fragen werden noch zusätzlich kompliziert durch die Fülle des Materials und die weitver zweigten Querverbindungen, die es dem einzelnen verun möglichen, alles zu begreifen, geschweige denn, es in seiner Gesamtheit zu erfassen und zwischen den Deckeln eines normalen Buches unterzubringen. Um von dieser Material fülle nicht erdrückt zu werden, haben sich die Autoren für eine andere Betrachtungsweise entschieden. Die Mathema tik ist seit Tausenden von Jahren ein Feld menschlicher Ak tivität. In begrenztem Rahmen ist jeder von uns ein Mathe matiker und betreibt bewußt Mathematik, wenn er zum Beispiel auf dem Markt einkauft, Tapeten ausmißt oder ei nen Keramiktopf mit einem regelmäßigen Muster verziert. In bescheidenem Ausmaß versucht sich auch jeder von uns als mathematischer Denker. Schon mit dem Ausruf «Aber Zahlen lügen nicht!» befinden wir uns in der Gesellschaft von Plato oder Lakatos.

Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle

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Author: Daniel A. Segal,Sylvia J. Yanagisako

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822386844

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 4676

Lively, forceful, and impassioned, Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle is a major intervention in debates about the configuration of the discipline of anthropology. In the essays brought together in this provocative collection, prominent anthropologists consider the effects of and alternatives to the standard definition of the discipline as a “holistic” study of humanity based on the integration of the four fields of archaeology, biological anthropology, sociocultural anthropology, and linguistic anthropology. Editors Daniel A. Segal and Sylvia J. Yanagisako provide a powerful introduction to the volume. Unabashed in their criticism of the four-field structure, they argue that North American anthropology is tainted by its roots in nineteenth-century social evolutionary thought. The essayists consider the complex state of anthropology, its relation to other disciplines and the public sphere beyond academia, the significance of the convergence of linguistic and cultural anthropology, and whether or not anthropology is the best home for archaeology. While the contributors are not in full agreement with one another, they all critique “official” definitions of anthropology as having a fixed, four-field core. The editors are keenly aware that anthropology is too protean to be remade along the lines of any master plan, and this volume does not offer one. It does open discussions of anthropology’s institutional structure to all possible outcomes, including the refashioning of the discipline as it now exists. Contributors. James Clifford, Ian Hodder, Rena Lederman, Daniel A. Segal, Michael Silverstein, Sylvia J. Yanagisako

Settler Colonialism and the Transformation of Anthropology

The Politics and Poetics of an Ethnographic Event

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Author: Patrick Wolfe

Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 2099

"Organized around a startling historical reconstruction of the political and theoretical conditions that produced the great anthropological controversy over doctrines of virgin birth, this book argues that the allegation that natives do not understand the relation between sex and conception reveals a great deal about European colonial discourse and little, if anything, about indigenous belief. As the author explores the links between metropolitan anthropological theory and local colonial politics from the nineteenth century to the present, the specificity of settler colonialism and the ideological and sexual regimes that characterize it emerge with increasing clarity. In addition to re-reading the history of anthropology and its intersections with colonial power, this book obliges us to reconceptualize the heterogeneity of colonialism itself."--Back cover.