HIV/AIDS: A Very Short Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Alan Whiteside

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192806920

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 147

View: 4496

HIV/AIDS is without doubt the worst epidemic to hit humankind since the Black Death. Despite rapid scientific advances, there is still no cure and the drugs are expensive and toxic. In some of the worst affected countries, life expectancy has plummeted to below 35 years, which has led to a serious decline in economic growth, a sharp rise in orphaning, and the imminent collapse of health care systems. This Very Short Introduction tackles the science, the international and local politics, the fascinating demographics, and the devastating consequences of the disease, and explores how we have - and must - respond.

HIV and AIDS

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Alan Whiteside

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198727496

Category: Medical

Page: 152

View: 1011

In 2008 it was believed that HIV/AIDS was without doubt the worst epidemic to hit humankind since the Black Death. The first case was identified in 1981; by 2004 it was estimated that about 40 million people were living with the disease, and about 20 million had died. Yet the outlook today is a little brighter. Although HIV/ AIDS continues to be a pressing public health issue the epidemic has stabilised globally, and it has become evident it is not, nor will it be, a global issue. The worst affected regions are southern and eastern Africa. Elsewhere, HIV is found in specific, usually, marginalised populations, for example intravenous drug users in Russia. Although there still remains no cure for HIV, there have been unprecedented breakthroughs in understanding the disease and developing drugs. Access to treatment over the last ten years has turned AIDS into a chronic disease, although it is still a challenge to make antiviral treatment available to all that require it. We also have new evidence that treatment greatly reduces infectivity, and this has led to the movement of 'Treatment as Prevention'. In this Very Short Introduction Alan Whiteside provides an introduction to AIDS, tackling the science, the international and local politics, the fascinating demographics, and the devastating consequences of the disease. He looks at the problems a developing international 'AIDS fatigue' poses to funding for sufferers, but also shows how domestic resources are increasingly being mobilised, despite the stabilisation of international funding. Finally Whiteside considers how the need to understand and change our behaviour has caused us to reassess what it means to be human and how we should operate in the globalizing world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Christian W. McMillen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199340099

Category: Medical

Page: 160

View: 9429

The 2014 Ebola epidemic demonstrated the power of pandemics and their ability not only to destroy lives locally but also to capture the imagination and terrify the world. Christian W. McMillen provides a concise yet comprehensive account of pandemics throughout human history, illustrating how pandemic disease has shaped history and, at the same time, social behavior has influenced pandemic disease. Extremely interesting from a medical standpoint, the study of pandemics also provides unexpected, broader insights into culture and politics. This Very Short Introduction describes history's major pandemics - plague, tuberculosis, malaria, smallpox, cholera, influenza, and HIV/AIDS - highlighting how each disease's biological characteristics affected its pandemic development. McMillen discusses state responses to pandemics, such as quarantine, isolation, travel restrictions, and other forms of social control, and pays special attention to the rise of public health and the explosion of medical research in the wake of pandemics, especially as the germ theory of disease emerged in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Today, medicine is able to control all of these diseases, yet some of them are still devastating in much of the developing world. By assessing the relationship between poverty and disease and the geography of epidemics, McMillen offers an outspoken and thought-provoking point of view on the necessity for global governments to learn from past experiences and proactively cooperate to prevent any future epidemic.

Sexuality: A Very Short Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Veronique Mottier

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191579017

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 168

View: 8105

What shapes our sexuality? Is it a product of our genes, or of society, culture, and politics? How have concepts of sexuality and sexual norms changed over time? How have feminist theories, religion, and HIV/AIDS affected our attitudes to sex? Focusing on the social, political, and psychological aspects of sexuality, this Very Short Introduction examines these questions and many more, exploring what shapes our sexuality, and how our attitudes to sex have in turn shaped the wider world. Revealing how our assumptions about what is 'normal' in sexuality have, in reality, varied widely across time and place, this book tackles the major topics and controversies that still confront us when issues of sex and sexuality are discussed: from sex education, HIVAIDS, and eugenics, to religious doctrine, gay rights, and feminism. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

28 Stories über Aids in Afrika

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Stephanie Nolen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492050142

Category:

Page: 463

View: 9018

28 Lebensgeschichten von Afrikanern, deren Leben von HIV bestimmt wird: 28 Stories, die sinnbildlich für die 28 Millionen Menschen stehen, die in den nächsten 5 Jahren auf dem Kontinent an AIDS sterben werden.

Spieltheorie

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ken Binmore

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150185902

Category:

Page: 272

View: 956

Der ferne Spiegel

Das dramatische 14. Jahrhundert

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Barbara Tuchman

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641052076

Category: History

Page: 752

View: 2918

Ein moderner Klassiker der Geschichtsschreibung Bestsellerautorin Barbara Tuchman schuf mit »Der ferne Spiegel« einen modernen Klassiker der Geschichtsschreibung. Mit sicherem und kundigem Blick für die »große« politische Geschichte und feinem Gespür für die Alltags- und Mentalitätsgeschichte gelingt es ihr, das pralle Leben im dramatischen 14. Jahrhundert und damit im Herbst des Mittelalters einzufangen. Im Mittelpunkt von Barbara Tuchmans faszinierender Schilderung des 14. Jahrhunderts steht die Lebensgeschichte des französischen Adeligen Enguerrand de Coucy VII. Im zarten Alter von 15 Jahren zieht Coucy das erste Mal als Ritter in die Schlacht, erlebt den Hundertjährigen Krieg hautnah mit und wird schließlich vom englischen König als Geisel genommen. Coucy wird im Laufe seines Lebens Zeuge dramatischer, ja scheinbar apokalyptischer Ereignisse: Die Pest sucht Europa heim, religiöse Fanatiker hetzen die Menschen auf, Papst und Gegenpapst bekriegen sich, auf Frankreichs Thron sitzt ein Wahnsinniger, und im Osten rücken die Osmanen vor. Gleichzeitig kannten die Kreativität und das Kunstschaffen der Menschen nun, gleichsam auf der Schwelle vom Mittelalter zur Neuzeit, keine Grenzen. Boccaccio schuf sein epochemachendes Werk Decamerone, Giotto bereitete in Italien den Weg für die Renaissance und in ganz Europa entstanden Kathedralen von ungekannter Größe und Pracht.

Internationale Migration

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Khalid Koser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150186930

Category: Emigration and immigration

Page: 204

View: 3390

"Es gibt aktuell auf der Welt mehr Migranten denn jemals zuvor; Kriege und Bürgerkriege sind genauso Gründe dafür wie Armut, wirtschaftliche Ansprüche oder gar Unternehmensgeist. Neu ist das Phänomen gleichwohl nicht, es hat die Geschichte von Kulturen und Staaten immer schon mitgeprägt. Khalid Koser, ein international gefragter Migrationsexperte des Genfer Zentrums für Sicherheitspolitik, stellt das Phänomen mit all seinen Problemen und Auswirkungen knapp, abgewogen und differenziert dar, widerlegt zahlreiche dazu umlaufende Mythen und plädiert dafür, den Wert der Migration für Volkswirtschaften und Kulturen zu erkennen und zu würdigen."--Verl.

Public Health

A Very Short Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Virginia Berridge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019968846X

Category: MEDICAL

Page: 138

View: 8595

This Very Short Introduction outlines the nature of public health in our world today and places public health in its historical context from the earliest times, analysing in particular the changes in public health regulation through the nineteenth century and the twentieth and twenty first centuries.

Quantentheorie

eine Einführung

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: John C. Polkinghorne

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150188613

Category:

Page: 176

View: 1786

Mathematik

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Timothy Gowers

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150187067

Category:

Page: 207

View: 9140

The Immune System: a Very Short Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Paul Klenerman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019875390X

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 5757

The immune system is central to human health and the focus of much medical research. Growing understanding of the immune system, and especially the creation of immune memory (long lasting protection), which can be harnessed in the design of vaccines, have been major breakthroughs in medicine. In this Very Short Introduction, Paul Klenerman describes the immune system, and how it works in health and disease. In particular he focuses on the human immune system, considering how it evolved, the basic rules that govern its behavior, and the major health threats where it is important. The immune system comprises a series of organs, cells and chemical messengers which work together as a team to provide defence against infection. Klenerman discusses these components, the critical signals that trigger them and how they exert their protective effects, including so-called "innate" immune responses, which react very fast to infection, and "adaptive" immune responses, which have huge diversity and a capacity to recognize and defend against a massive array of micro-organisms. Klenerman also considers what happens when our immune systems fail to be activated effectively, leading to serious infections, problems with inherited diseases, and also HIV/AIDS. At the opposite extreme, as Klenerman shows, an over-exaggerated immune response leads to inflammatory diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis and Rheumatoid Arthritis, as well as allergy and asthma. Finally he looks at the "Immune system v2.o" - how immune therapies and vaccines can be advanced to protect us against the major diseases of the 21st century. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Infectious Diseases

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Kara Rogers Senior Editor, Biomedical Sciences

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1615303413

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 232

View: 4728

Introduces infectious diseases, discusses how they are classified, and describes the symptoms and treatments of various diseases.