History and Crime

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Barry S Godfrey,Paul Lawrence,Chris A Williams

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1849202354

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 5785

This lively and accessible text provides an introduction to the history of crime and crime control. It explains the historical background that is essential for an understanding of contemporary criminal justice, and examines the historical context for contemporary criminological debates. Topics covered include: Crime statistics Constructions of criminality Policing Prisons Surveillance Governance White-collar crime Immigration and crime For each topic, the book provides an overview of current research, comment on current arguments and links to wider debates. The Key Approaches to Criminology series celebrates the removal of traditional barriers between disciplines and, specifically, reflects criminology’s interdisciplinary nature and focus. It brings together some of the leading scholars working at the intersections of criminology and related subjects. Each book in the series helps readers to make intellectual connections between criminology and other discourses, and to understand the importance of studying crime and criminal justice within the context of broader debates. The series is intended to have appeal across the entire range of undergraduate and postgraduate studies and beyond, comprising books which offer introductions to the fields as well as advancing ideas and knowledge in their subject areas.

History and Crime

Implications for Criminal Justice Policy

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: James A. Inciardi,Charles E. Faupel

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 2488

Using analytic tools adopted from social science -- comparative analysis, time series analysis, and other techniques -- historical analysis of crime offers insights relevant to today's problems. '...policy makers...should read and ponder the thirteen essays in History and Crime. They just might obtain sufficient insight about crime within a historical context and about past criminal sanctions to persuade them of the futility of coercive measures without an understanding of the causes of crime...History and Crime belongs in every library and in every classroom in which social history is taught.' -- History, January 1982

Crime History and Histories of Crime

Studies in the Historiography of Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern History

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Clive Emsley,Louis A. Knafla

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313287220

Category: Social Science

Page: 313

View: 3355

Essays on criminal behavior and justice around the world, from medieval Western Europe to modern Canada.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Paul Knepper,Anja Johansen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199352348

Category: Social Science

Page: 800

View: 8820

The historical study of crime has expanded in criminology during the past few decades, forming an active niche area in social history. Indeed, the history of crime is more relevant than ever as scholars seek to address contemporary issues in criminology and criminal justice. Thus, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice provides a systematic and comprehensive examination of recent developments across both fields. Chapters examine existing research, explain on-going debates and controversies, and point to new areas of interest, covering topics such as criminal law and courts, police and policing, and the rise of criminology as a field. This Handbook also analyzes some of the most pressing criminological issues of our time, including drug trafficking, terrorism, and the intersections of gender, race, and class in the context of crime and punishment. The definitive volume on the history of crime, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of criminology, criminal justice, and legal history.

A Companion to the History of Crime and Criminal Justice

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Turner, Jo,Taylor, Paul,Sharon Morley

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447325877

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1300

Offering a succinct approach to the vocabulary and terminology of historical and contemporary approaches to crime and punishment, it includes concise but robust definitions of key terms and concepts from expert contributors in a user-friendly A-Z format with clear direction to related entries and further reading.

Disease and Crime

A History of Social Pathologies and the New Politics of Health

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robert Peckham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135045941

Category: History

Page: 198

View: 7982

Disease and crime are increasingly conflated in the contemporary world. News reports proclaim "epidemics" of crime, while politicians denounce terrorism as a lethal pathological threat. Recent years have even witnessed the development of a new subfield, "epidemiological criminology," which merges public health with criminal justice to provide analytical tools for criminal justice practitioners and health care professionals. Little attention, however, has been paid to the historical contexts of these disease and crime equations, or to the historical continuities and discontinuities between contemporary invocations of crime as disease and the emergence of criminology, epidemiology, and public health in the second half of the nineteenth century. When, how and why did this pathologization of crime and criminalization of disease come about? This volume addresses these critical questions, exploring the discursive construction of crime and disease across a range of geographical and historical settings.

Law, War and Crime

War Crimes, Trials and the Reinvention of International Law

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Gerry J. Simpson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745657311

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 9862

From events at Nuremberg and Tokyo after World War II, to the recent trials of Slobodan Milošević and Saddam Hussein, war crimes trials are an increasingly pervasive feature of the aftermath of conflict. In his new book, Law, War and Crime, Gerry Simpson explores the meaning and effect of such trials, and places them in their broader political and cultural contexts. The book traces the development of the war crimes field from its origins in the outlawing of piracy to its contemporary manifestation in the establishment of the International Criminal Court in The Hague. Simpson argues that the field of war crimes is constituted by a number of tensions between, for example, politics and law, local justice and cosmopolitan reckoning, collective guilt and individual responsibility, and between the instinct that war, at worst, is an error and the conviction that war is a crime. Written in the wake of an extraordinary period in the life of the law, the book asks a number of critical questions. What does it mean to talk about war in the language of the criminal law? What are the consequences of seeking to criminalise the conduct of one's enemies? How did this relatively new phenomenon of putting on trial perpetrators of mass atrocity and defeated enemies come into existence? This book seeks to answer these important questions whilst shedding new light on the complex relationship between law, war and crime.

Art and Crime: Exploring the Dark Side of the Art World

Exploring the Dark Side of the Art World

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Noah Charney

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313366365

Category: Social Science

Page: 261

View: 6378

Through the use of case examples and careful examination, this book presents the first interdisciplinary essay collection on the study of art crime, and its effect on all aspects of the art world. Contributors discuss art crime subcategories, including vandalism, iconoclasm, forgery, fraud, peace-time theft, war looting, archaeological looting, smuggling, submarine looting, and ransom. The contributors offer insightful analyses coupled with specific practical suggestions to implement in the future to prevent and address art crime. This work is of critical importance to anyone involved in the art world, its trade, study, and security. Art crime has received relatively little attention from those who study art to those who prosecute crimes. Indeed, the general public is not well-aware of the various forms of art crime and its impact on society at large, to say nothing of museums, history, and cultural affairs. And yet it involves a multi-billion dollar legitimate industry, with a conservatively-estimated $6 billion annual criminal profit. Information about and analysis of art crime is critical to the wide variety of fields involved in the art trade and art preservation, from museums to academia, from auction houses to galleries, from insurance to art law, from policing to security. Since the Second World War, art crime has evolved from a relatively innocuous crime, into the third highest-grossing annual criminal trade worldwide, run primarily by organized crime syndicates, and therefore funding their other enterprises, from the drug and arms trades to terrorism. It is no longer merely the art that is at stake.

Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Richard F. Wetzell

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 178238247X

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 9844

The history of criminal justice in modern Germany has become a vibrant field of research, as demonstrated in this volume. Following an introductory survey, the twelve chapters examine major topics in the history of crime and criminal justice from Imperial Germany, through the Weimar and Nazi eras, to the early postwar years. These topics include case studies of criminal trials, the development of juvenile justice, and the efforts to reform the penal code, criminal procedure, and the prison system. The collection also reveals that the history of criminal justice has much to contribute to other areas of historical inquiry: it explores the changing relationship of criminal justice to psychiatry and social welfare, analyzes representations of crime and criminal justice in the media and literature, and uses the lens of criminal justice to illuminate German social history, gender history, and the history of sexuality.

Ideology, Crime and Criminal Justice

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Anthony Bottoms,Michael Tonry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135994269

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9184

In this book six leading criminologists address the central issues of ideology, crime and criminal justice in a series of essays originally presented at a symposium held in honour of Sir Leon Radzinowicz in Cambridge in March 2001. This book is concerned with the key themes of the history of criminal justice, the history and development of criminological thought, and criminal justice policy. Each of the contributed chapters makes an original and important contribution to the development of the discipline of criminology. This book is valuable reading for anybody interested in the past and present of the discipline of criminology, explored through essays on morality, prisons, policing, criminal justice and penal policy.

Urbanization and Crime

Germany 1871-1914

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Eric A. Johnson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521527002

Category: History

Page: 260

View: 1990

A 1995 study of urban crime in Imperial Germany, questioning whether cities, in themselves, cause crime.

History from crime

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Edward Muir,Guido Ruggiero

Publisher: Johns Hopkins Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 2203

"History from Crime" demonstrates how a sophisticated analysis of documents once thought beneath scholarly notice--criminal records--can offer stunning new insights into the past.

Globalization and Crime

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Katja Franko Aas

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141291289X

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 2875

Globalization and Crime provides a comprehensive and accessible account of the consequences of globalization in the post 9/11 world. It explains theories around globalization and how these shed light upon the study of crime. Furthermore, the book examines the challenges the various global flows represent for the nature of governance, state sovereignty, and crime control. Presenting an expert and interdisciplinary summary of complex debates, this book addresses a variety of highly topical issues.

Crime, Reason and History

A Critical Introduction to Criminal Law

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Alan Norrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521606011

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 2650

Crime, Reason and History provides an alternative approach to the study of the general principles of criminal law. It emphasises, in contrast to orthodox texts, the tensions and contradictions at the law's heart. The author outlines the themes of responsibility, rationality and justice which govern the orthodox criminal law text. He traces these to the early nineteenth century reform of the criminal law and notes conflicts within reform ideologies relating to the idea of the 'responsible individual'. He then takes the reader through the bulk of the criminal law's 'general part' showing how conflicts from reform ideology emerge within criminal law. An historical and political logic underlies its illogicalities, giving it its 'shape'. The author presents a sceptical critique of the liberal positivist tradition in criminal law scholarship, and a social analysis of both its practical necessity and intellectual impossibility. He shows how the ideology of individual legal justice was imposed as a means of excluding alternative political voices, while recognising its importance for the survival of the liberal polity.

Gender And Crime In Modern Europe

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Meg Arnot,Cornelie Usborne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135361088

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9570

This work explores the construction of gender norms and examines how they were reflected and reinforced by legal institutional practices in Europe in this period. taking a gendered approach, criminal prosecution and punishment are discussed in relation to the victims and perpretrators. This volume investigates various representations of femininity by assessing female experiences including wife-beating, divorce, abortion, prostitution, property crime and embezzlement at the work place. In addition, issues such as neglect, sexual abuse and the "invention" of the juvenile offender are analyzed.

Violence and Crime in Nineteenth Century England

The Shadow of our Refinement

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: J. Carter Wood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134332467

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 683

This book illuminates the origins and development of violence as a social issue by examining a critical period in the evolution of attitudes towards violence. It explores the meaning of violence through an accessible mixture of detailed empirical research and a broad survey of cutting-edge historical theory. The author discusses topics such as street fighting, policing, sports, community discipline and domestic violence and shows how the nineteenth century established enduring patterns in views of violence. Violence and Crime in Nineteenth-Century England will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers of modern British history, social and cultural history and criminology.

Women and Crime: A Reference Handbook

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Judith Ann Warner

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598844245

Category: Social Science

Page: 339

View: 890

Drawing on government data and interdisciplinary expertise, this timely book seeks to explain why the changing economic and legal status of women has not reduced the gender gap in criminal offending. • Quotations from women offenders that explain their actions and situate them in life-history trajectories associated with criminal behavior • Biographies of key theorists and researchers, prominent women offenders, and advocates for gender and justice • Uniform Crime Report and Bureau of Justice statistics on girls' and womens' offending relative to men • Primary source documents on legislation impacting women's offending and victimization • A chronology of women's offending and legislation from the Colonial era to the present • A glossary of key criminal justice terms that apply to women offenders • An interdisciplinary bibliography of reference works, monographs, journal articles, Internet sites, and streaming/DVD resources

The Hidden History of Crime, Corruption, and States

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Renate Bridenthal

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782380396

Category: History

Page: 282

View: 8382

Renowned historical sociologist Charles Tilly wrote many years ago that "banditry, piracy, gangland rivalry, policing, and war-making all belong on the same continuum." This volume pursues the idea by revealing how lawbreakers and lawmakers have related to one another on the shadowy terrains of power over wide stretches of time and space. Illicit activities and forces have been more important in state building and state maintenance than conventional histories have acknowledged. Covering vast chronological and global terrain, this book traces the contested and often overlapping boundaries between these practices in such very different polities as the pre-modern city-states of Europe, the modern nation-states of France and Japan, the imperial power of Britain in India and North America, Africa's and Southeast Asia's postcolonial states, and the emerging postmodern regional entity of the Mediterranean Sea. Indeed, the contemporary explosion of transnational crime raises the question of whether or not the relationship of illicit to licit practices may be mutating once more, leading to new political forms beyond the nation-state.