Hegemony in International Society


Author: Ian Clark

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199556261

Category: History

Page: 277

View: 1110

Historically, states have appeared nervous of too much concentration of power. At the same time, they have accepted that the great powers must play a special role in maintaining international order. Can both of these tendencies be reconciled? This book argues that hegemony is one way of framing this relationship. On the basis of historical examples, the author presents an innovative scheme for rethinking hegemony, and applies it to the US role in internationalorganizations, in East Asia, and in the policy on climate change. Its urgent advice is that we must live creatively with the balance of power we now face, until such time as it is replaced by something new.

Risk and Hierarchy in International Society

Liberal Interventionism in the Post-Cold War Era


Author: W. Clapton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137396377

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 8506

The English School of International Relations has traditionally maintained that international society cannot accommodate hierarchical relationships between states. This book employs a unique theoretical and conceptual approach challenging this view and arguing that hierarchies are formed on Western states' need to manage globalised risks.

Good-Bye Hegemony!

Power and Influence in the Global System


Author: Simon Reich,Richard Ned Lebow

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400850428

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 9883

Many policymakers, journalists, and scholars insist that U.S. hegemony is essential for warding off global chaos. Good-Bye Hegemony! argues that hegemony is a fiction propagated to support a large defense establishment, justify American claims to world leadership, and buttress the self-esteem of voters. It is also contrary to American interests and the global order. Simon Reich and Richard Ned Lebow argue that hegemony should instead find expression in agenda setting, economic custodianship, and the sponsorship of global initiatives. Today, these functions are diffused through the system, with European countries, China, and lesser powers making important contributions. In contrast, the United States has often been a source of political and economic instability. Rejecting the focus on power common to American realists and liberals, the authors offer a novel analysis of influence. In the process, they differentiate influence from power and power from material resources. Their analysis shows why the United States, the greatest power the world has ever seen, is increasingly incapable of translating its power into influence. Reich and Lebow use their analysis to formulate a more realistic place for America in world affairs.

Chinese Hegemony

Grand Strategy and International Institutions in East Asian History


Author: Feng Zhang

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804795045

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 2811

Chinese Hegemony: Grand Strategy and International Institutions in East Asian History joins a rapidly growing body of important literature that combines history and International Relations theory to create new perspectives on East Asian political and strategic behavior. The book explores the strategic and institutional dynamics of international relations in East Asian history when imperial China was the undisputed regional hegemon, focusing in depth on two central aspects of Chinese hegemony at the time: the grand strategies China and its neighbors adopted in their strategic interactions, and the international institutions they engaged in to maintain regional order—including but not limited to the tribute system. Feng Zhang draws on both Chinese and Western intellectual traditions to develop a relational theory of grand strategy and fundamental institutions in regional relations. The theory is evaluated with three case studies of Sino-Korean, Sino-Japanese, and Sino-Mongol relations during China's early Ming dynasty—when a type of Confucian expressive strategy was an essential feature of regional relations. He then explores the policy implications of this relational model for understanding and analyzing contemporary China's rise and the changing East Asian order. The book suggests some historical lessons for understanding contemporary Chinese foreign policy and considers the possibility of a more relational and cooperative Chinese strategy in the future.

US Hegemony and International Legitimacy

Norms, Power and Followership in the Wars on Iraq


Author: Lavina Rajendram Lee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135166277

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 1636

This book examines US hegemony and international legitimacy in the post-Cold War era, focusing on its leadership in the two wars on Iraq. The preference for unilateral action in foreign policy under the Bush Administration, culminating in the use of force against Iraq in 2003, has unquestionably created a crisis in the legitimacy of US global leadership. Of central concern is the ability of the United States to act without regard for the values and interests of its allies or for international law on the use of force, raising the question: does international legitimacy truly matter in an international system dominated by a lone superpower? US Hegemony and International Legitimacy explores the relationship between international legitimacy and hegemonic power through an in depth examination of two case studies – the Gulf Crisis of 1990-91 and the Iraq Crisis of 2002-03 – and examines the extent to which normative beliefs about legitimate behaviour influenced the decisions of states to follow or reject US leadership. The findings of the book demonstrate that subordinate states play a crucial role in consenting to US leadership and endorsing it as legitimate and have a significant impact on the ability of a hegemonic state to maintain order with least cost. Understanding of the importance of legitimacy will be vital to any attempt to rehabilitate the global leadership credentials of the United States under the Obama Administration. This book will be of much interest to students of US foreign policy, IR theory and security studies. Lavina Rajendram Lee is a lecturer in the Department of Modern History, Politics and International Relations at Macquarie University, Australia, and has a PhD in International Relations from the University of Sydney.

Equality in International Society

A Reappraisal


Author: R. Hjorth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230393160

Category: Political Science

Page: 191

View: 7540

The author re-examines the concept of equality in international society, past and present. The view that equality necessarily flows from sovereignty is considered a contingent rather than a necessary contention. A new framework for equality in international society is sketched out emphasising the normative strength of the principle of equality.

Restructuring Hegemony in the Global Political Economy

The Rise of Transnational Neo-Liberalism in the 1980s


Author: Henk W Overbeek

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134935943

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 9129

Since the late 1970s, the spread of Neo-liberalism and the failure of socialist economies and systems in Eastern Europe have resulted in a practically unchallenged hegemony of international capital across the globe. Neo-liberalism is now the dominant ideology, legitimizing the privatisation of state-controlled economies and the substitution of the market for social provision and basic welfare. In Restructuring Hegemony in the Global Political Economy the authors argue that this process began with the defeat of the New International Economic Order, the Euro-Communist ascendency in Western Europe, the overthrow of the Allende government in Chile, and culminated in the collapse of practical socialism. They assert that the victory of neo-liberalism is now so complete that its radical features have come to be accepted as the new normality.

Hegemony & History


Author: J.H. Adam Watson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136013180

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 9136

This collection of essays records the development of Adam Watson's thinking about international theory from the 1950s to the present, exploring his contribution to, and the development of, the English School. Adam Watson was one of the members of the British Committee on the Theory of International Politics alongside Herbert Butterfield, Martin Wight and Hedley Bull and a founding member of the English School. The committee developed a theory of international society and the nature of order in world politics, which have had an important impact on the discipline of international relations, providing a framework and research agenda for understanding international politics that continues to shape the discipline in the present day. Hegemony & History examines issues such as: the behaviour of states in international systems and societies hegemony and empire justice non-state relations, including the economic involvement of communities and the role of other non-state actors the increasing focus of international politics on individuals as well as states. The book will be of strong interest to students and researchers of international relations, political science, history and economics, as well as diplomatic practitioners and others concerned with international affairs.

Hegemony and Power

Consensus and Coercion in Contemporary Politics


Author: Mark Haugaard,Howard H. Lentner

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739115039

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 5745

This book provides the first systematic examination of the relationship of hegemony and power. Nine essays delve into the diverse analytical aspects of the two concepts, and an introduction and conclusion by the editors, respectively, forge a synthesis of their theoretical coherence. Hegemony has long existed as a term in political science, international relations, and social theory, but its meaning varies across these fields. While each has developed its own 'local' language games for treating the idea, they all conceptualize hegemony as a form of power. Building on the recent rigorous exposition of power, this book subjects hegemony to a clarifying debate. In doing so, it advances the power debate. Components of the literature assume a relationship between power and hegemony, but no previous work has performed a concentrated and consistent analytical examination of them until now.

War, Peace and Hegemony in a Globalized World

The Changing Balance of Power in the Twenty-First Century


Author: Chandra Chari

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134077327

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6302

This book focuses on how the US could adapt its foreign policy initiatives to fit in with the growing aspirations of a multipolar world for a more balanced international order. Written by leading scholars, such as Joseph Nye, Eric Hobsbawm and Akira Iriye, the volume examines if the absence of a superpower status would lead to anarchy, or if an alternative is possible. In view of the globalization process and the changing perceptions of US hegemony in the various regions of the world, it addresses the possibility of re-examining and redefining the nineteenth century classical balance of power. Divided into two sections, it analyzes: global perspectives on war, peace and hegemony, and the role of the United States each region of the world in the context of the unfolding processes of globalization; the various ways in which economic and socio-political organizations are impacting inter- and intra-regionally; and the role of the United States vis-à-vis the individual countries and regions.

Followership: Die Erwartungen an die Mitarbeiter aus Sicht der Führung


Author: Sven Kampfert

Publisher: diplom.de

ISBN: 3863415094

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 80

View: 9393

Leadership vs. Followership: Durch welche fachlichen Kompetenzen und persönlichen Eigenschaften sich eine Führungspersönlichkeit auszeichnen sollte, um den Anforderungen des jeweiligen Jobs gerecht zu werden, wurde in der Literatur hinlänglich beleuchtet. Dabei ist es völlig irrelevant ob der Vorgesetzte die Position des Chefs, des Managers oder eines "einfachen" Abteilungsleiters einnimmt. Es gibt aber noch andere Fragen, die es zu beantworten gilt: Was wollen die Führenden von ihren Mitarbeitern? Was glauben die Mitarbeiter wird von Ihnen erwartet? Welche Eigenschaften wünschen sich die Vorgesetzten von ihren Mitarbeitern? Wie schätzen die Mitarbeiter sich selbst ein? Was versteht ein Führender unter einem "guten Mitarbeiter"? Dieses Buch stellt auf Grundlage einer empirischen Analyse deutscher Unternehmen die bisherige Betrachtungsweise auf den Kopf und fragt erstmals nicht nach den Kompetenzen des Führenden, sondern nach denen der Geführten. Der Autor schafft dem Leser mit diesem wissenschaftlichen Werk einen neuen Blickwinkel. Er zeigt sehr schnell, worauf es den Vorgesetzen ankommt und in welchen Bereichen die Mitarbeiter sich selbst falsch einschätzen. Der Leser kommt schließlich in den Genuss zu erfahren, was die Führenden unter einem "guten Mitarbeiter" verstehen und kann sich am Ende die Frage beantworten: Was verlangt mein Vorgesetzter wirklich von mir?!

Reframing the International

Law, Culture, Politics


Author: Richard A. Falk,Lester Edwin J. Ruiz,R. B. J. Walker

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415931762

Category: Law

Page: 258

View: 3885

Re-Framing the International insists that, if we are to properly face the challenges of the coming century, we need to re-examine international politics and development through the prism of ethics and morality. International relations must now contend with a widening circle of participants reflecting the diversity and unevenness of status, memory, gender, race, culture and class. This volume challenge North America's privileged position in world politics, suggest initiatives for improving the quality of human existence in tangible ways, and critique the conventional wisdom on how we think we can create peace and justice. It shows that, when we develop projects for world reform, we must remember that the most basic prevailing assumptions of modern law, politics, and culture are by no means as obvious, natural, or progressive as we formerly thought.

Politics of International Law and International Justice


Author: Edwin Egede

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748684522

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9921

A textbook introduction to international law and justice is specially written for students studying law in other departments, such as politics and IR. Students will engage with debates surrounding sovereignty and global governance, sovereign and diplomati

Has China been socialized into international society in the post-Cold War period?


Author: Jan-David Franke

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668642486

Category: Political Science

Page: 9

View: 1469

Essay from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Miscellaneous, grade: 1, Oxford University, language: English, abstract: With the collapse of the Soviet Union the United States benefitted from an unprecedented unipolar moment in its establishment of unilateral hegemony, be that in the form of a modern empire as Johnson (2000) and Todd (2004) argue, as an empire by invitation (Lundestad, 2003), or as liberal hegemon (Ikenberry, 2011). All of these authors feature vast disagreements regarding hierarchy and coercion in American hegemony but accept the same premise: a post-Cold War unipolar American world order. Many argue that as the unipolar moment is waning, American hegemony, and the norms, practices, and institutions of international society it has so predominantly shaped, are being challenged, however, by both the rise of other actors, first and foremost China but also a re-emerging Russia, and the endogenous deconstruction of American hegemony (see Todd’s (2004) argument on demographics and social norms and most recently the advent of power by a protectionist, isolationist nativism). In this paper I will add to that debate by evaluating the extent to which China has been socialized into international society since the end of the Cold War and, on that basis, examining what is to be expected for the future both in terms of China’s course and the implications thereof for international society. I will do so by amalgamating many different approaches and schools of thought in an attempt to be ‘paradigmatically prudent’ (cp. Monteiro & Ruby, 2009). First, I will sketch the discussion in the literature on China’s rise and contrast it by means of a syncretic framework of intentions and outcomes based on Schweller & Xiaoyu (2011) and Goh (2005). Within that framework, I present optimist and pessimist approaches derived from realism, liberal institutionalism, and constructivism and the various analytical categories they place emphasis on. I will then argue that an integration of these polarized perspectives is necessary to provide an accurate and realistic account of China’s past, present, and future role in international society that places particular importance on differentiated spheres of geopolitical influence.

American Hegemony

Political Morality in a One-Superpower World


Author: Lea Brilmayer

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300068535

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 7774

This work debates questions such as the moral right of one nation to act as the world's policeman and dominate others. It discusses moral issues raised by America's status as the sole world superpower after the end of the Cold War.

British Diplomacy and US Hegemony in Cuba, 1898-1964


Author: Christopher Hull

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137301767

Category: History

Page: 291

View: 3390

An analysis of Cuba's history from a British diplomatic perspective during the period of US political and economic domination, from 1898 to 1964. It investigates how Britain attempted to protect its trade and other interests in the island, whilst always sensitive to the reactions of its most important ally, the United States.

Struggle for Hegemony in South America

Argentina, Brazil, and the United States During the Second World War


Author: Gary Frank

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412835336

Category: History

Page: 116

View: 9146

Manly States

Masculinities, International Relations, and Gender Politics


Author: Charlotte Hooper

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231505205

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8365

Much has been written on how masculinity shapes international relations, but little feminist scholarship has focused on how international relations shape masculinity. Charlotte Hooper draws from feminist theory to provide an account of the relationship between masculinity and power. She explores how the theory and practice of international relations produces and sustains masculine identities and masculine rivalries. This volume asserts that international politics shapes multiple masculinities rather than one static masculinity, positing an interplay between a "hegemonic masculinity" (associated with elite, western male power) and other subordinated, feminized masculinities (typically associated with poor men, nonwestern men, men of color, and/or gay men). Employing feminist analyses to confront gender-biased stereotyping in various fields of international political theory—including academic scholarship, journals, and popular literature like The Economist—Hooper reconstructs the nexus of international relations and gender politics during this age of globalization.