Heartificial Intelligence

Embracing Our Humanity to Maximize Machines

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Author: John Havens

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698169034

Category: Self-Help

Page: 288

View: 2468

As we program machines to be more like humans, how will they know what we value, if we don't know ourselves? The notion of robots gaining consciousness is beginning to become a reality, but the future of human happiness is dependent on our ability to teach machines what we value the most today. Featuring pragmatic solutions drawing on economics, emerging technologies, and positive psychology, Heartificial Intelligence provides a road map to help readers embrace the present and better define their future. Using fictional vignettes to help readers relate to larger concepts, this book paints a vivid portrait of how our lives might look in either a dystopia of robot dominance or a utopia where we use technology to enhance our natural abilities and evolve into a long-lived, super-intelligent, and caring species.

Heartificial Intelligence

Embracing Our Humanity to Maximize Machines

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Author: John Havens

Publisher: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin

ISBN: 0399171711

Category: Computers

Page: 267

View: 2779

"Where should machine automation end? Is it acceptable to have a digital assistant arrange your calendar, but not to have a robot spouse? Are companion robots acceptable for seniors in need of comfort, but not okay for toddlers exposed to emotional software that could influence their behavior? Is it desirable to live a life within the virtual reality of Facebook's Oculus Rift, but not if your thoughts are sold to advertisers who manipulate your purchases? We've entered an era where a myriad of personalization algorithms influence our every decision, and the lines between human assistance, automation, and extinction have blurred.a We need to create ethical standards for the Artificial Intelligence usurping our lives, and allow individuals to control their identity based on their values. Otherwise, we sacrifice our humanity for productivity versus purpose and for profits versus people.a Featuring pragmatic solutions drawing on economics, emerging technologies, and positive psychology,aHeartificial Intelligenceaprovides the first values-driven approach to algorithmic living-a definitive roadmap to help humanity embrace the present and positively define their future.a Each chapter opens with a fictional vignette, helping readers imagine how they would respond to various Artificial Intelligence scenarios while demonstrating the need to codify their values, as the algorithms dominating society today are already doing.a Funny, poignant, and accessible, this book paints a vivid portrait of how our lives might look in either a dystopia of robotic and corporate dominance, or a utopia where humans use technology to enhance our natural abilities to evolve into a long-lived, super-intelligent, and altruistic species. Praise foraHeartificial Intelligence-'In this thoughtful addition to the genre . . . Havens warns that we have ignored an essential feature of machine thinking- its ethics . . . An astute philosophical meditation on a major problem facing designers of advanced computers.'aKirkusareview'Coexisting safely and ethically with intelligent machines is the central challenge of the twenty-first century. In the enjoyableaHeartificial Intelligence, John Havens calls for resistance to the forces that erode our humanity in the age of the algorithm. Through detailed research, interviews, and engaging futuristic scenarios, Havens shows how establishing ethical standards for artificial intelligence will help us preserve the values we cherish most.'aJames Barrat, author ofaOur Final Invention'Heartificial Intelligenceais an excellent read! (Havens) explores a number of societal issues, which AI and robotics are likely to soon bring to prominence. A great guide to issues of identity, meaning, deception, and reality when our technology advances to the next level.'aSteve Omohundro,aPresident of Possibility Research, SelfAwareSystems.coma 'With this exceptionally intelligent, playful, a

Towards a Code of Ethics for Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Paula Boddington

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319606484

Category: Computers

Page: 124

View: 4378

The author investigates how to produce realistic and workable ethical codes or regulations in this rapidly developing field to address the immediate and realistic longer-term issues facing us. She spells out the key ethical debates concisely, exposing all sides of the arguments, and addresses how codes of ethics or other regulations might feasibly be developed, looking for pitfalls and opportunities, drawing on lessons learned in other fields, and explaining key points of professional ethics. The book provides a useful resource for those aiming to address the ethical challenges of AI research in meaningful and practical ways.

The Artificial Intelligence Imperative: A Practical Roadmap for Business

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Author: Anastassia Lauterbach,Andrea Bonime-Blanc

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440859957

Category: Computers

Page: 215

View: 2293

This practical guide to artificial intelligence and its impact on industry dispels common myths and calls for cross-sector, collaborative leadership for the responsible design and embedding of AI in the daily work of businesses and oversight by boards. • Provides a strategic framework for corporate boards and executive leadership teams to remain competitive in the age of AI • Offers practical and clear advice on AI and machine learning, introducing technical concepts and translating research trends into practical applications while simultaneously incorporating critical governance, ethics, sustainability, and risk considerations • Provides traditional businesses and their boards with practical questions to ask their teams, suppliers, and technology partners and offers guidance on market trends and players to which to pay attention

The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Avron Barr,Edward A. Feigenbaum

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483214370

Category: Mathematics

Page: 424

View: 589

The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence, Volume I focuses on the progress in artificial intelligence (AI) and its increasing applications, including parsing, grammars, and search methods. The book first elaborates on AI, AI handbook and literature, problem representation, search methods, and sample search programs. The text then ponders on representation of knowledge, including survey of representation techniques and representation schemes. The manuscript explores understanding natural languages, as well as machine translation, grammars, parsing, test generation, and natural language processing systems. The book also takes a look at understanding spoken language, including systems architecture and the ARPA SUR projects. The text is a valuable source of information for computer science experts and researchers interested in pursuing further research in artificial intelligence.

Moral Machines

Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

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Author: Wendell Wallach,Colin Allen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199737975

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 9745

"Moral Machines is a fine introduction to the emerging field of robot ethics. There is much here that will interest ethicists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, and roboticists." ---Peter Danielson, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews --

Hacking Happiness

Why Your Personal Data Counts and How Tracking It Can Change the World

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Author: John C. Havens

Publisher: TarcherPerigee

ISBN: 0399173196

Category: Self-Help

Page: 304

View: 5452

In Hacking H(app)iness, futurist and contributing Mashable writer John C. Havens introduces you to your 'quantified self' - your digital identity represented by gigabytes of data produced from tracking your activities on your smartphone and computer. Harvens argues that megacorporations such as Google, Facebook, and Amazon gather this data because of its immense economic value, encouraging a culture of 'sharing' while simultaneously hoarding information based on our lives, for private monetary gain. While Edward Snowden's revelations exposed the depths of government surveillance on our private affairs, Hacking H(app)inesspoints out the dangers of losing our digital identities to the highest bidder. But there's an alternative to this digital dystopia. Emerging technologies will help us reclaim this valuable data for ourselves, so we can directly profit from the insights linked to our quantified selves. At the same time, sensors in smartphones and wearable devices will help us track our emotions to improve our well-being, using the science of positive psychology. Havens proposes that these trends will lead to new economic policies that redefine the meaning of 'wealth,' allowing governments to create policy focused on purpose rather than productivity. An issues book highlighting the benefits of an examined life in the digital world, this timely work illustrates how controlling and utilizing insights from our personal data can result in a happier humanity.

Machines of Loving Grace

The Quest for Common Ground Between Humans and Robots

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Author: John Markoff

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062266705

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 901

As robots are increasingly integrated into modern society—on the battlefield and the road, in business, education, and health—Pulitzer-Prize-winning New York Times science writer John Markoff searches for an answer to one of the most important questions of our age: will these machines help us, or will they replace us? In the past decade alone, Google introduced us to driverless cars, Apple debuted a personal assistant that we keep in our pockets, and an Internet of Things connected the smaller tasks of everyday life to the farthest reaches of the internet. There is little doubt that robots are now an integral part of society, and cheap sensors and powerful computers will ensure that, in the coming years, these robots will soon act on their own. This new era offers the promise of immense computing power, but it also reframes a question first raised more than half a century ago, at the birth of the intelligent machine: Will we control these systems, or will they control us? In Machines of Loving Grace, New York Times reporter John Markoff, the first reporter to cover the World Wide Web, offers a sweeping history of the complicated and evolving relationship between humans and computers. Over the recent years, the pace of technological change has accelerated dramatically, reintroducing this difficult ethical quandary with newer and far weightier consequences. As Markoff chronicles the history of automation, from the birth of the artificial intelligence and intelligence augmentation communities in the 1950s, to the modern day brain trusts at Google and Apple in Silicon Valley, and on to the expanding tech corridor between Boston and New York, he traces the different ways developers have addressed this fundamental problem and urges them to carefully consider the consequences of their work. We are on the verge of a technological revolution, Markoff argues, and robots will profoundly transform the way our lives are organized. Developers must now draw a bright line between what is human and what is machine, or risk upsetting the delicate balance between them.

The Artificial Intelligence Revolution

Will Artificial Intelligence Serve Us Or Replace Us?

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Author: Louis Anthony Del Monte

Publisher: Louis a del Monte

ISBN: 9780988171824

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: 210

View: 1749

The Artificial Intelligence Revolution by Louis A. Del Monte is a warning regarding the threat new artificial intelligence (AI) technology poses to the survival of humankind. Will the future come down to man versus machine, when machines become more intelligent than humans? Will an artificial intelligence robot be your friend or foe? Scientists are working relentlessly at improving AI technology for the benefit of man. Evolved technology is everywhere--smart TVs, smart phones, and even smart houses. One day the artificial intelligence of these machines will match our own intelligence--and one day it will exceed it. We will have reached the "singularity," a point in time like no other. Then what? Will machines continue to serve us as the balance tips in their favor? These questions are addressed rigorously, their potentialities extrapolated for one reason--the survival of humankind. Are "strong" AI machines (SAMs) a new form of life? Should SAMs have rights? Do SAMs pose a threat to humankind? Del Monte and other AI experts predict that AI capabilities will develop into SAMs with abilities far beyond what human beings can even fathom. Will they serve us, or will SAMs take an entirely different viewpoint? That question and many more are tackled by Del Monte in this sobering look at the The Artificial Intelligence Revolution. -- Provided by publisher.

Socialbots and Their Friends

Digital Media and the Automation of Sociality

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Author: Robert W. Gehl,Maria Bakardjieva

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317267397

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 2030

Many users of the Internet are aware of bots: automated programs that work behind the scenes to come up with search suggestions, check the weather, filter emails, or clean up Wikipedia entries. More recently, a new software robot has been making its presence felt in social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter – the socialbot. However, unlike other bots, socialbots are built to appear human. While a weatherbot will tell you if it's sunny and a spambot will incessantly peddle Viagra, socialbots will ask you questions, have conversations, like your posts, retweet you, and become your friend. All the while, if they're well-programmed, you won't know that you're tweeting and friending with a robot. Who benefits from the use of software robots? Who loses? Does a bot deserve rights? Who pulls the strings of these bots? Who has the right to know what about them? What does it mean to be intelligent? What does it mean to be a friend? Socialbots and Their Friends: Digital Media and the Automation of Sociality is one of the first academic collections to critically consider the socialbot and tackle these pressing questions.

In Our Own Image: Savior or Destroyer? The History and Future of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: George Zarkadakis

Publisher: Pegasus Books

ISBN: 1681771071

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 2890

A timely and important book that explores the history and future, as well as the societal and ethical implications, of Artificial Intelligence as we approach the cusp of a fourth industrial revolution Zarkadakis explores one of humankind's oldest love-hate relationships—our ties with artificial intelligence, or AI. He traces AI's origins in ancient myth, through literary classics like Frankenstein, to today's sci-fi blockbusters, arguing that a fascination with AI is hardwired into the human psyche. He explains AI's history, technology, and potential; its manifestations in intelligent machines; its connections to neurology and consciousness, as well as—perhaps most tellingly—what AI reveals about us as human beings. In Our Own Image argues that we are on the brink of a fourth industrial revolution—poised to enter the age of Artificial Intelligence as science fiction becomes science fact. Ultimately, Zarkadakis observes, the fate of AI has profound implications for the future of science and humanity itself.

Thinking Security

Stopping Next Year's Hackers

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Author: Steven M. Bellovin

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0134278232

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 9215

If you’re a security or network professional, you already know the “do’s and don’ts”: run AV software and firewalls, lock down your systems, use encryption, watch network traffic, follow best practices, hire expensive consultants . . . but it isn’t working. You’re at greater risk than ever, and even the world’s most security-focused organizations are being victimized by massive attacks. In Thinking Security, author Steven M. Bellovin provides a new way to think about security. As one of the world’s most respected security experts, Bellovin helps you gain new clarity about what you’re doing and why you’re doing it. He helps you understand security as a systems problem, including the role of the all-important human element, and shows you how to match your countermeasures to actual threats. You’ll learn how to move beyond last year’s checklists at a time when technology is changing so rapidly. You’ll also understand how to design security architectures that don’t just prevent attacks wherever possible, but also deal with the consequences of failures. And, within the context of your coherent architecture, you’ll learn how to decide when to invest in a new security product and when not to. Bellovin, co-author of the best-selling Firewalls and Internet Security, caught his first hackers in 1971. Drawing on his deep experience, he shares actionable, up-to-date guidance on issues ranging from SSO and federated authentication to BYOD, virtualization, and cloud security. Perfect security is impossible. Nevertheless, it’s possible to build and operate security systems far more effectively. Thinking Security will help you do just that.

Artificial Intelligence for Games

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Author: Ian Millington,John Funge

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498785816

Category: Computers

Page: 872

View: 756

Creating robust artificial intelligence is one of the greatest challenges for game developers, yet the commercial success of a game is often dependent upon the quality of the AI. In this book, Ian Millington brings extensive professional experience to the problem of improving the quality of AI in games. He describes numerous examples from real games and explores the underlying ideas through detailed case studies. He goes further to introduce many techniques little used by developers today. The book's associated web site contains a library of C++ source code and demonstration programs, and a complete commercial source code library of AI algorithms and techniques. "Artificial Intelligence for Games - 2nd edition" will be highly useful to academics teaching courses on game AI, in that it includes exercises with each chapter. It will also include new and expanded coverage of the following: AI-oriented gameplay; Behavior driven AI; Casual games (puzzle games).

Robo Sapiens

Evolution of a New Species

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Author: Peter Menzel,Faith D'Aluisio

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262632454

Category: Computers

Page: 240

View: 5400

A field guide to our mechanical future, presenting the next generation of intelligentrobots and their makers.

The Knowledge Illusion

Why We Never Think Alone

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Author: Steven Sloman,Philip Fernbach

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0399184341

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 954

“The Knowledge Illusion is filled with insights on how we should deal with our individual ignorance and collective wisdom.” —Steven Pinker We all think we know more than we actually do. Humans have built hugely complex societies and technologies, but most of us don’t even know how a pen or a toilet works. How have we achieved so much despite understanding so little? Cognitive scientists Steven Sloman and Philip Fernbach argue that we survive and thrive despite our mental shortcomings because we live in a rich community of knowledge. The key to our intelligence lies in the people and things around us. We’re constantly drawing on information and expertise stored outside our heads: in our bodies, our environment, our possessions, and the community with which we interact—and usually we don’t even realize we’re doing it. The human mind is both brilliant and pathetic. We have mastered fire, created democratic institutions, stood on the moon, and sequenced our genome. And yet each of us is error prone, sometimes irrational, and often ignorant. The fundamentally communal nature of intelligence and knowledge explains why we often assume we know more than we really do, why political opinions and false beliefs are so hard to change, and why individual-oriented approaches to education and management frequently fail. But our collaborative minds also enable us to do amazing things. The Knowledge Illusion contends that true genius can be found in the ways we create intelligence using the community around us.

Version Control

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Author: Dexter Palmer

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307950352

Category: Fiction

Page: 512

View: 3570

A woman deals with a strange and persistent sense of everything being slightly off, which may or may not be related to her scientist husband's pet project, a "causality violation device" that might actually be working.

What to Think About Machines That Think

Today's Leading Thinkers on the Age of Machine Intelligence

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Author: Mr. John Brockman

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062425668

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 8193

Weighing in from the cutting-edge frontiers of science, today’s most forward-thinking minds explore the rise of “machines that think.” Stephen Hawking recently made headlines by noting, “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.” Others, conversely, have trumpeted a new age of “superintelligence” in which smart devices will exponentially extend human capacities. No longer just a matter of science-fiction fantasy (2001, Blade Runner, The Terminator, Her, etc.), it is time to seriously consider the reality of intelligent technology, many forms of which are already being integrated into our daily lives. In that spirit, John Brockman, publisher of Edge. org (“the world’s smartest website” – The Guardian), asked the world’s most influential scientists, philosophers, and artists one of today’s most consequential questions: What do you think about machines that think?

The Art of LEGO MINDSTORMS EV3 Programming

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Author: Terry Griffin

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 1593276389

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 276

View: 7759

With its colorful, block-based interface, The LEGO® MINDSTORMS® EV3 programming language is designed to allow anyone to program intelligent robots, but its powerful features can be intimidating at first. The Art of LEGO MINDSTORMS EV3 Programming is a full-color, beginner-friendly guide designed to bridge that gap. Inside, you’ll discover how to combine core EV3 elements like blocks, data wires, files, and variables to create sophisticated programs. You’ll also learn good programming practices, memory management, and helpful debugging strategies—general skills that will be relevant to programming in any language. All of the book’s programs work with one general-purpose test robot that you’ll build early on. As you follow along, you’ll program your robot to: –React to different environments and respond to commands –Follow a wall to navigate a maze –Display drawings that you input with dials, sensors, and data wires on the EV3 screen –Play a Simon Says–style game that uses arrays to save your high score –Follow a line using a PID-type controller like the ones in real industrial systems The Art of LEGO MINDSTORMS EV3 Programming covers both the Home and Education Editions of the EV3 set, making it perfect for kids, parents, and teachers alike. Whether your robotics lab is the living room or the classroom, this is the complete guide to EV3 programming that you’ve been waiting for. Requirements: One LEGO MINDSTORMS EV3 Home OR Education set (#31313 OR #45544).

Happiness and the Limits of Satisfaction

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Author: Deal Wyatt Hudson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847681402

Category: Philosophy

Page: 218

View: 6999

In classical and medieval times, happiness was defined as 'well-being, ' a notion that included moral goodness. Today happiness is most often defined as 'well-feeling, ' and identified with subjective states such as satisfaction and peace of mind. Deal Hudson argues that the prevailing view is dangerous in politics as well as ethics, creating individuals with no other sense of obligation than finding personal satisfaction, regardless of the moral and spiritual cost to themselves and others. Hudson calls for a return to the classical tradition: no one should be called 'happy' who cannot also be called morally good. However, a contemporary version of happiness should also go beyond the classical notion by making room in the happy life for suffering and passion. Using the history of the idea of happiness as a backdrop to a critique of contemporary views, Hudson examines happiness from philosophical, religious, psychological, sociological, literary, and political points of view for example, he shows how the tension between the two definitions of happiness is at the heart of the Declaration of Independence. The result is an excellent overview of the history of an idea as well as a compelling argument for moral and political change in our time."