Hawaiian Blood

Colonialism and the Politics of Sovereignty and Indigeneity

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Author: J. Kēhaulani Kauanui,J. Kehaulani Kauanui

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 082239149X

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 5916

In the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act (HHCA) of 1921, the U.S. Congress defined “native Hawaiians” as those people “with at least one-half blood quantum of individuals inhabiting the Hawaiian Islands prior to 1778.” This “blood logic” has since become an entrenched part of the legal system in Hawai‘i. Hawaiian Blood is the first comprehensive history and analysis of this federal law that equates Hawaiian cultural identity with a quantifiable amount of blood. J. Kēhaulani Kauanui explains how blood quantum classification emerged as a way to undermine Native Hawaiian (Kanaka Maoli) sovereignty. Within the framework of the 50-percent rule, intermarriage “dilutes” the number of state-recognized Native Hawaiians. Thus, rather than support Native claims to the Hawaiian islands, blood quantum reduces Hawaiians to a racial minority, reinforcing a system of white racial privilege bound to property ownership. Kauanui provides an impassioned assessment of how the arbitrary correlation of ancestry and race imposed by the U.S. government on the indigenous people of Hawai‘i has had far-reaching legal and cultural effects. With the HHCA, the federal government explicitly limited the number of Hawaiians included in land provisions, and it recast Hawaiians’ land claims in terms of colonial welfare rather than collective entitlement. Moreover, the exclusionary logic of blood quantum has profoundly affected cultural definitions of indigeneity by undermining more inclusive Kanaka Maoli notions of kinship and belonging. Kauanui also addresses the ongoing significance of the 50-percent rule: Its criteria underlie recent court decisions that have subverted the Hawaiian sovereignty movement and brought to the fore charged questions about who counts as Hawaiian.

Native Studies Keywords

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Author: Stephanie Nohelani Teves,Andrea Smith,Michelle Raheja

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816531501

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 1651

Native Studies Keywords is a genealogical project that looks at the history of words that claim to have no history. The end goal is not to determine which words are appropriate but to critically examine words that are crucial to Native studies, in hopes of promoting debate and critical interrogation.

Sovereign Acts

Performing Race, Space, and Belonging in Panama and the Canal Zone

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Author: Katherine A. Zien

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813584256

Category: Art

Page: 272

View: 3409

Sovereign Acts explores how artists, activists, and audiences performed and interpreted sovereignty struggles in the Panama Canal Zone, from the Canal Zone’s inception in 1903 to its dissolution in 1999. In popular entertainments and patriotic pageants, opera concerts and national theatre, white U.S. citizens, West Indian laborers, and Panamanian artists and activists used performance as a way to assert their right to the Canal Zone and challenge the Zone’s sovereignty, laying claim to the Zone’s physical space and imagined terrain. By demonstrating the place of performance in the U.S. Empire’s legal landscape, Katherine A. Zien transforms our understanding of U.S. imperialism and its aftermath in the Panama Canal Zone and the larger U.S.-Caribbean world.

The Cambridge Companion to the Literature of the American West

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Author: Steven Frye

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131657802X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

View: 6167

This Companion provides a comprehensive introduction to one of the most vibrant and expansive traditions in world literature. The American West occupies a unique place in the global imagination, and the literature it produced transcends the category of 'region' in theme and form. Written by prominent international scholars, the essays cover a diverse group of key texts and authors, including major figures in the Native American, Hispanic, Asian American, and African American movements. Treatments range from environmental and ecopoetic to transnational and transcultural, reflecting the richness of the field. This volume places the literature in deep historical context and features a chronology and a bibliography for further reading. It will be an essential guide for students of literature of the American West and of American literature generally.

Repositioning the Missionary

Rewriting the Histories of Colonialism, Native Catholicism, and Indigeneity in Guam

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Author: Vicente Miguel Diaz

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 6699

In the vein of an emergent Native Pacific brand of cultural studies, Repositioning the Missionary critically examines the cultural and political stakes of the historic and present-day movement to canonize Blessed Diego Luis de San Vitores (1627-1672), the Spanish Jesuit missionary who was martyred by Mata'pang of Guam while establishing the Catholic mission among the Chamorros in the Mariana Islands. The work juxtaposes official, popular, and critical perspectives of the movement to complicate prevailing ideas about colonialism, historiography, and indigenous culture and identity in the Pacific. The book is divided into three sections. The first, "From Above, Working the Native," focuses exclusively on the narratological reconsolidation of official Roman Catholic Church viewpoints as staked in the historic (seventeenth century) and contemporary (twentieth century) movements to canonize San Vitores, including the symbolic costs of these viewpoints for Native Chamorro cultural and political possibilities not in line with Church views. Section two, "From Below: Working the Saint," shifts attention and perspective to local, competing forms of Chamorro piety. In their effort to canonize San Vitores, Natives also rework the saint to negotiate new cultural and social canons for themselves and in ways that produce new meanings for their island. "From Behind: Transgressive Histories" shifts from official and lay Roman and Chamorro Catholic viewpoints to the author's own critical project of rendering alternative portrayals of San Vitores and Mata'pang. Theoretically innovative and provocative, humorous, and inspired, Repositioning the Missionary melds poststructuralist, feminist, Native studies, and cultural studies analytic and political frameworks with an intensely personal voice to model a new critical interdisciplinary approach to the study of indigenous culture and history.

The American Historical Review

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Author: John Franklin Jameson,Henry Eldridge Bourne,Robert Livingston Schuyler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 881

Einladung zur Soziologie

Eine humanistische Perspektive

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Author: Peter Berger

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825248321

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9462

Im Alter von 35 Jahren schrieb Peter L. Berger seine charmante Einführung „Invitation to Sociology“, welche in zahlreiche Sprachen übersetzt wurde. Mit seiner konkurrenz- und zeitlosen »Einladung zur Soziologie« eröffnet er auf möglichst leichtfüßige und eingängige Art einen Zugang in die Denk- und Arbeitsweisen des Fachs. Ergänzt wird das Werk durch ein aktuelles Interview, das die Herausgeberin Michaela Pfadenhauer mit Peter L. Berger über dieses Buch und sein heutiges Verständnis von Soziologie führte. Peter L. Berger gilt als bedeutendster Vertreter der „neueren Wissenssoziologie“ und scharfer Analytiker der Gegenwart. Er leitete 30 Jahre lang das von ihm gegründete „Institute for Culture, Religion and World Affairs“ (CURA) an der Boston University. Mit dieser utb-Studienausgabe wird das wichtige Werk Studienanfängern wieder zugänglich gemacht.

Ich hörte den Vogel rufen

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Author: Sally Morgan,Elisabeth Strohscheidt-Funken

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783293201552

Category:

Page: 442

View: 4637

Das Paradox des Nationalen

Territorium, Autorität und Rechte im globalen Zeitalter

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Author: Saskia Sassen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518419373

Category: Globalization

Page: 735

View: 4301

Cook

die Entdeckung eines Entdeckers

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Author: Tony Horwitz

Publisher: mareverlag

ISBN: 9783936384895

Category:

Page: 703

View: 4669

Als James Cook 1769 zur ersten seiner drei großen Reisen aufbrach, war die Erde gerade einmal zu zwei Dritteln kartiert. Zehn Jahre später hatte Cook nicht nur auf dem Wasserweg die Welt entschleiert, sondern auch umfangreiche kulturelle und wissenschaftliche Studien vorgenommen, die das neuzeitliche Bild der Erde entscheidend prägten. Zwar ist viel über Cooks Leistungen bekannt, doch verstellten die Fakten bisher den ungeschönten Blick auf diese außergewöhnliche Figur. Tony Horwitz lenkt die Aufmerksamkeit des Betrachters nicht nur auf die dunklen Seiten des großen Forschers, sondern auch auf die zum Teil entsetzlichen Konsequenzen, die dessen Entdeckungen für einfache Kulturen nach sich zogen.

Spaces of Difference

Conflicts and Cohabitation

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Author: Ursula Lehmkuhl,Hans-Jürgen Lüsebrink,Laurence McFalls

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830983859

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 5673

Spaces of Difference discusses the construction of transcultural spaces and the representation and negotiation of diversity through the analytical lenses of narratives, practices and politics of diversity. The multi-disciplinary contributions to this volume address four broader research fields: (1) the entangled and contested (hi)stories of diversity; (2) migration and the creation of transcultural spaces; (3) practices and politics of belonging; and (4) the dynamics of confrontation and cohabitation in spaces of difference. The research presented in this volume combines approaches from history, political science, sociology, migration studies and literature.

Deutsche Juden in Amerika

bürgerliches Selbstbewusstsein und jüdische Identität in den Orden B'nai B'rith und Treue Schwestern, 1843-1914

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Author: Cornelia Wilhelm

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: 9783515085502

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 9652

The history of German Jews in America has until now mainly been studied as an area of modern history. This volume now analyzes the influence that German Jews exerted in the development of an "American Judaism" with a marked bourgeois identity, which began with the first German-Jewish mass immigration to the United States in 1830. German text.

Die Künste des Kinos

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Author: Martin Seel

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104027455

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 256

View: 1392

Wie Filme zeigen können, woran wir mit uns sind. Von Anfang an übernimmt das Kino viele Verfahren der Architektur, der Musik, der Malerei, des Schauspiels, der Literatur und anderer Künste – aber es lässt sie nicht so, wie sie dort sind. Das Kino kann, was es kann, weil es das verkehrt und verwandelt, was die anderen Künste können. In seinem neuen Buch unternimmt Martin Seel eine Analyse dieser Verbindung. In neun konzisen Kapiteln erkundet er das besondere ästhetische Potential des Films und führt an konkreten Beispielen vor, wie unterschiedlich es realisiert werden kann. Stilistisch glänzend entwirft Martin Seel eine neuartige Perspektive auf den Film und darauf, was er mit uns im Kino macht.

Whalerider

Die magische Geschichte vom Mädchen, das den Wal ritt

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Author: Witi Ihimaera

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3688109341

Category: Fiction

Page: 158

View: 5590

Ein Mädchen lebt die Legende. Eine Herde Wale strandet an der Küste Neuseelands. Koro Apirana, der Stammesführer der Maori, ist verzweifelt. Er glaubt an ein Zeichen. Jahrtausendelang war die Beziehung seines Volkes zu den Walen tief und ehrfurchtsvoll, denn der Sage nach ritt einst der Urvater auf dem Rücken eines mächtigen Wals an Land. Wer kann die heiligen Tiere retten und Koros Volk Stärke und Stolz zurückgeben? Niemand denkt an Kahu, seine Enkelin, die das Leid der Wale nicht länger erträgt ... Ein magisches, weises Buch über die Verbundenheit von Mensch und Tier, die Leben spendende Kraft der Tradition und über ein junges Mädchen, das neue Hoffnung in ihre Welt bringt.