Handbook of Vacuum Technology

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Author: Karl Jousten

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527688242

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1050

View: 6870

This comprehensive, standard work has been updated to remain an important resource for all those needing detailed knowledge of the theory and applications of vacuum technology. The text covers the existing knowledge on all aspects of vacuum science and technology, ranging from fundamentals to components and operating systems. It features many numerical examples and illustrations to help visualize the theoretical issues, while the chapters are carefully cross-linked and coherent symbols and notations are used throughout the book. The whole is rounded off by a user-friendly appendix of conversion tables, mathematical tools, material related data, overviews of processes and techniques, equipment-related data, national and international standards, guidelines, and much more. As a result, engineers, technicians, and scientists will be able to develop and work successfully with the equipment and environment found in a vacuum.

Handbook of Vacuum Science and Technology

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Author: Dorothy Hoffman,Bawa Singh,John H. Thomas, III

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080533759

Category: Science

Page: 835

View: 5580

The Handbook of Vacuum Technology consists of the latest innovations in vacuum science and technology with a strong orientation towards the vacuum practitioner. It covers many of the new vacuum pumps, materials, equipment, and applications. It also details the design and maintenance of modern vacuum systems. The authors are well known experts in their individual fields with the emphasis on performance, limitations, and applications rather than theory. There aremany useful tables, charts, and figures that will be of use to the practitioner. User oriented with many useful tables, charts, and figures of use to the practitioner Reviews new vacuum materials and equipment Illustrates the design and maintenance of modern vacuum systems Includes well referenced chapters

Handbook of Electron Tube and Vacuum Techniques

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Author: Fred Rosebury

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN: 1563961210

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 8984

Market: Students and researchers in space and high-vacuum technology and materials science. This handbook was originally prepared so that workers would not have to consult a great many sources to learn what procedures and materials were used to construct tubes and other evacuated devices. Even now, as space and high-vacuum research are yielding new information daily, much of the subject matter in this seminal work, such as properties of materials, are as cogent as they were in 1964 when the book was first published.

Handbook of Vacuum Arc Science & Technology

Fundamentals and Applications

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Author: Raymond L. Boxman,David M. Sanders,Philip J. Martin

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0815517793

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 773

View: 4592

This is a comprehensive text describing the basic physics and technological applications of vacuum arcs. Part I describes basic physics of the vacuum arc, beginning with a brief tutorial review of plasma and electrical discharge physics, then describes the arc ignition process, cathode and anode spots which serve as the locus for plasma generation, and resultant interelectrode plasma. Part II describes the applications of the vacuum arc for depositing thin films and coatings, refining metals, switching high power, and as sources of intense electron, ion, plasma, and x-ray beams.

Handbook of Materials and Techniques for Vacuum Devices

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Author: Walter Kohl

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN: 1563963876

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 623

View: 4921

Market: Engineers, researchers, and students in vacuum science and materials science and designers and manufacturers of vacuum electronic devices in any field where glass, ceramics, refractory metals, and joining methods are used. The republication of this widely used handbook makes available again an invaluable source of fundamental information on the construction of vacuum devices and provides a complete rundown on the properties of basic materials used in vacuum tubes (glass, ceramics, mica, carbon, graphite, iron, steel, copper, nickel, precious metals, refractory metals, and all relevant alloys). Most importantly, it offers step-by- step guidelines for basic joining techniques, including how to deal with common problems such as secondary emission and voltage breakdown. High-temperature properties are emphasized in recognition of the crucial role of vacuum devices in space technology.

Vacuum Technology

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Author: A. Roth

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044459874X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 575

View: 7396

This third updated and enlarged edition includes about 350 new papers added to the previous list of references. The contents have been revised and updated in the areas of: Thermonuclear pumping; Throughput; Transmission probability; Electronic circuit simulation; Sorption on charcoal; Desorption from porous materials; Desorption from stainless steel, A1 alloys (outgassing rates); Ion bombardment (glow discharge) cleaning; Clay - type pumps; Turbomolecular pumps-improvements; Cryosorption; NEG (Nonevaporable getter) linear pumps; Standards for measurement of pumping speed (Recommended practice, test domes); Spinning rotor gauges; Quartz friction gauges; Increase of sensitivity of thermocouple gauges; Lubrication in vacuum; Calibration of diffusion leaks; Improvements in leak detection. Besides its role in educational activities, the book will also serve as a handbook for those working in this field, or in fields connected to Vacuum Technology.Comments from the press on the second edition:"A valuable reference work for undergraduate libraries...well organized and clearly written and strikes an appropriate balance between completeness and attention to fundamentals. The index and references are unusually complete. Recommended." (Choice) "Roth's new book contains a comprehensive collection of information on rarefied-gas flow, physical and chemical phenomena associated with vacuum technology, the production and measurement of high vacuum and sealing and leak-detection techniques. One finds a wealth of equations, numerical examples, tables, graphs and monographs. The book is more a handbook than a source book of latest developments. It is suitable for teaching, but the wealth of organized data should also make the book highly useful to engineers..." (Physics Today)

Leybold Vacuum Handbook

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Author: K. Diels,R. Jaeckel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483181359

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 8777

Leybold Vacuum Handbook presents a collection of data sets that are essential for numerical calculation of vacuum plants and vacuum processes. The title first covers vacuum physics, which includes gas kinetics, flow phenomena, vacuum gauges, and vapor removal. Next, the selection presents data on vacuum, high vacuum process technology, and gas desorption and gettering. The text also deals with materials, vapor pressure, boiling and melting points, and gas permeability. The book will be of great interest to engineers and technicians that deals with vacuum related technologies.

Introduction to Vacuum Technology

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Author: David M. Hata

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130450180

Category: Science

Page: 187

View: 2062

The approach taken in this book is to approach vacuum systems from a pressure regime viewpoint. That is, after covering some basic chemistry, the first pressure regime covered is the rough vacuum regime. Within the study of rough vacuum systems, the following topics are covered: the gas load, the pumping mechanism, pressure measurement and vacuum system construction. The discussion of rough vacuum is then followed by the study of high-vacuum systems. The same topics are revisited, but this time from a high vacuum perspective. Once both rough vacuum and high vacuum systems are covered, then the topics of leak detection and residual gas analysis are introduced. This approach lends itself to laboratory experimentation. During the review of gas laws from chemistry, there are a number of experiments and demonstrations that can be performed to reinforce basic laws and concepts. Then, during the study of rough vacuum systems, pumpdown times can be calculated and pumpdowns performed in the laboratory. Likewise, during the study of high-vacuum systems, pumpdowns as well as other lab exercises, such as outgassing and residual gas analysis, can be conducted. Coverage of vacuum systems from a pressure regime viewpoint, rather than from a topical viewpoint. Focus on the fundamental science behind vacumm system components. This book is written for users of vacuum systems, especially the technicians that are responsible for maintaining them.

A User's Guide to Vacuum Technology

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Author: John F. O'Hanlon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471467154

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 4029

In the decade and a half since the publication of the Second Edition of A User?s Guide to Vacuum Technology there have been many important advances in the field, including spinning rotor gauges, dry mechanical pumps, magnetically levitated turbo pumps, and ultraclean system designs. These, along with improved cleaning and assembly techniques have made contamination-free manufacturing a reality. Designed to bridge the gap in both knowledge and training between designers and end users of vacuum equipment, the Third Edition offers a practical perspective on today?s vacuum technology. With a focus on the operation, understanding, and selection of equipment for industrial processes used in semiconductor, optics, packaging, and related coating technologies, A User?s Guide to Vacuum Technology, Third Edition provides a detailed treatment of this important field. While emphasizing the fundamentals and touching on significant topics not adequately covered elsewhere, the text avoids topics not relevant to the typical user.

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Processing

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Author: D. M. Mattox

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780080946580

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 944

View: 8041

This book covers all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the book is on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications. The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. However, the author uniquely relates these topics to the practical issues that arise in PVD processing, such as contamination control and film growth effects, which are also rarely discussed in the literature. In bringing these subjects together in one book, the reader can understand the interrelationship between various aspects of the film deposition processing and the resulting film properties. The author draws upon his long experience with developing PVD processes and troubleshooting the processes in the manufacturing environment, to provide useful hints for not only avoiding problems, but also for solving problems when they arise. He uses actual experiences, called ""war stories,"" to emphasize certain points. Special formatting of the text allows a reader who is already knowledgeable in the subject to scan through a section and find discussions that are of particular interest. The author has tried to make the subject index as useful as possible so that the reader can rapidly go to sections of particular interest. Extensive references allow the reader to pursue subjects in greater detail if desired. The book is intended to be both an introduction for those who are new to the field and a valuable resource to those already in the field. The discussion of transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing provided in Appendix 1, will be of special interest to the manager or engineer responsible for moving a PVD product and process from R&D into production. Appendix 2 has an extensive listing of periodical publications and professional societies that relate to PVD processing. The extensive Glossary of Terms and Acronyms provided in Appendix 3 will be of particular use to students and to those not fully conversant with the terminology of PVD processing or with the English language.

Handbook of Thin Film Technology

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Author: Hartmut Frey,Hamid R Khan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642054307

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 380

View: 1126

“Handbook of Thin Film Technology” covers all aspects of coatings preparation, characterization and applications. Different deposition techniques based on vacuum and plasma processes are presented. Methods of surface and thin film analysis including coating thickness, structural, optical, electrical, mechanical and magnetic properties of films are detailed described. The several applications of thin coatings and a special chapter focusing on nanoparticle-based films can be found in this handbook. A complete reference for students and professionals interested in the science and technology of thin films.

Handbook of Vacuum Physics

Technology

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Author: A. H. Beck

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483141926

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 86

View: 8474

Handbook of Vacuum Physics, Volume 3: Technology is a handbook of vacuum physics, with emphasis on the properties of miscellaneous materials such as mica, oils, greases, waxes, and rubber. Accurate modern tables of physical constants, properties of materials, laboratory techniques, and properties of commercial pumps, gauges, and leak detectors are presented. This volume is comprised of 12 chapters and begins with a discussion on pump oils, divided into rotary pump oils and vapor pump oils. The next chapter deals with the properties and applications of greases, including outgassing and vapor pressures, plug cocks, and rotary and reciprocating transmissions. The uses and general properties of waxes are also considered, along with those of adhesives, film coatings or impregnants, lubricants, and plastics. The remaining chapters focus on elastomers (rubbers), O-rings and other gaskets, mica, and cleaning fluids. The final chapter describes other miscellaneous materials such as desiccants and molecular sieves, with particular reference to activated charcoal, phosphorus pentoxide, silica gel, synthetic zeolites, and activated alumina. This book will be a useful resource for students in engineering or physics.

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology

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Author: D. M. Mattox

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540204107

Category: Science

Page: 150

View: 3816

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology is a concise review of the developments that have led to the wide variety of applications of this technology. This book is a must for materials scientists and engineers working with vacuum coating in the invention of new technologies or applications in all industries. With over 370 references, this is an excellent starting point for those who don’t want to reinvent the wheel. In particular, the book is a valuable reference for those interested in researching proposed or existing patents. This unique book provides a starting point for more in-depth surveys of past and recent work in all aspects of vacuum coating. The author uses his extensive knowledge of the subject to draw comparisons and place the information into the proper context. This is particularly important for the patent literature where the terminology does not always match industry jargon. A section of acronyms for vacuum coating and glossary of terms at the end of the book are critical additions to the information every reader needs.

Handbook of Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings

Science, Applications and Technology

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Author: Peter M. Martin

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0815520328

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 936

View: 7753

This 3e, edited by Peter M. Martin, PNNL 2005 Inventor of the Year, is an extensive update of the many improvements in deposition technologies, mechanisms, and applications. This long-awaited revision includes updated and new chapters on atomic layer deposition, cathodic arc deposition, sculpted thin films, polymer thin films and emerging technologies. Extensive material was added throughout the book, especially in the areas concerned with plasma-assisted vapor deposition processes and metallurgical coating applications. * Explains in depth the many recent i

High-Vacuum Technology

A Practical Guide, Second Edition

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Author: Marsbed H. Hablanian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824798345

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 1484

Offering a basic understanding of each important topic in vacuum science and technology, this book concentrates on pumping issues, emphasizes the behavior of vacuum pumps and vacuum systems, and explains the relationships between pumps, instrumentation and high-vacuum system performance. The book delineates the technical and theoretical aspects of the subject without getting in too deep. It leads readers through the subtleties of vacuum technology without using a dissertation on mathematics to get them there. An interesting blend of easy-to-understand technician-level information combined with engineering data and formulae, the book provides a non-analytical introduction to high vacuum technology.

Basic Vacuum Technology, 2nd edition

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Author: A. Chambers

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780585254913

Category: Science

Page: 100

View: 8752

Vacuum technology is widely used in many manufacturing and developmental processes and its applications grow in scope and sophistication. It is an inter-disciplinary subject, embracing aspects of mechanical, electrical and chemical engineering, chemistry, and materials science while having a broad foundation in physics. In spite of its technological importance, and perhaps because of its cross-disciplinary nature, substantial teaching and training is not widely available. Basic Vacuum Technology aims to give readers a firm foundation of fundamental knowledge about the subject and the ability to apply it. This book is an introductory text on how to use vacuum techniques. It provides a good grounding in the basic scientific principles and concepts that underlie the production and measurement of vacua. The authors describe how these are applied in representative low, medium, high, and ultra-high vacuum systems and explain the most important practical aspects of the operation of a large variety of pumps, components, and measuring instrumentation. The book introduces numerical methods for analysis and prediction of the behavior of vacuum systems in terms of the properties of their individual elements and enables readers to recognize and resolve problems with malfunctioning systems.

Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps, Compressors and Systems

Conventional and Hermetic Design

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Author: Helmut Bannwarth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527604723

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 9627

Based on the very successful German editions, this English version has been thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the developments of the last years and the latest innovations in the field. Throughout, the author makes excellent use of real-life examples and highly praised didactics to disseminate his expert knowledge needed by vacuum technology users and engineers in their daily work at industrial plants, as consultants or in design offices. He covers in detail the most modern liquid ring pumps, with chapters dedicated to maintenance, explosion prevention and general procedures for safety at work with this technology. The whole is backed by a large repository of frequently needed technical data, unit conversions, formulae and current industrial, technical and legal norms without drawing on unnecessary complex or theoretical mathematics. The result is the ideal hands-on introduction to vacuum technology, ranging from fundamentals to in-depth expert knowledge on liquid-ring vacuum pumps.

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques

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Author: Pier A. de Groot

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080930115

Category: Science

Page: 1398

View: 1279

This two-volume reference serves as a handbook containing a wealth of information for all isotope chemists working in a wide range of disciplines including anthropology to ecology; drug detection methodology to toxicology; nutrition to food science; and the atmospheric sciences to geochemistry. Complementing the first volume, Volume II includes matters that are not strictly confined to the analytical techniques themselves, but relate to analysis of stable isotopes, such as the views on the development of mass spectrometers, isotopic scales, standards and references, and directives for setting up a laboratory. ALSO AVAILABLE: Volume I: Dec. 2004, 0444511148/9780444511140, $176.00 Volume I and II (set): Oct. 2007, 0444511164/9780444511164, $205.00 * Presents an encyclopedic overview of stable isotope analytical techniques in an objective way * Includes descriptions of methods and diagrams of analytical devices * Addresses how older techniques formed the basis for present-day techniques, which can be useful in constructing modern analytical systems * Completments Volume I of the set

Understanding Modern Vacuum Technology

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Author: Steve Borichevsky

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781537425054

Category:

Page: 278

View: 7819

The purpose of this book is to help scientists, engineers and technicians learn about and better understand the vacuum technology found in science and industry today. Understanding how the equipment is built and functions will help the practitioner create more successful applications. This book is written so that anyone new to the art, or even an experienced practitioner, who wishes to learn about vacuum engineering can do so quickly and easily. It provides an undercut to the many classic texts that are still available today. Armed with the information contained within, the technologist will be able to go to the more advanced materials, if needed, and absorb that knowledge quickly and efficiently. Understanding Modern Vacuum Technology explains concepts and methods by presenting the historical background of the development of the technology and how it has evolved into the technology we use today. It draws on historical papers and patents to show how the technology was conceived and then brings the topic up to modern times. In this way the reader will gain full conceptual understandings so that he or she will be able to then create sound vacuum solutions for the technical challenges that they face. A partial list of topics: Gas Laws Microscopic Description of a Gas Flows and Conductance Pressure Measurement Partial Pressure and Mass Analysis Vapor Pressure Basic Concepts of Pumping Rough Vacuum Pumps Diffusion Pumps Turbomolecular Pumps Cryopumps Ion Pumps Getter Pumps Calibrated Leaks