Handbook of Methods in Aquatic Microbial Ecology


Author: Paul F. Kemp,Jonathan J. Cole,Barry F. Sherr,Evelyn B. Sherr

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873715645

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 2301

Handbook of Methods in Aquatic Microbial Ecology is the first comprehensive compilation of 85 fundamental methods in modern aquatic microbial ecology. Each method is presented in a detailed, step-by-step format that allows readers to adopt new methods with little difficulty. The methods represent the state of the art, and many have become standard procedures in microbial research and environmental assessment. The book also presents practical advice on how to apply the methods. It will be an indispensable reference for marine and freshwater research laboratories, environmental assessment laboratories, and industrial research labs concerned with microbial measurements in water.

Signs of Life

A Report Based on the April 2000 Workshop on Life Detection Techniques


Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309083060

Category: Science

Page: 226

View: 9936

A workshop to assess the science and technology of life detection techniques was organized by the Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life (COEL) of the Board on Life Sciences (BLS) and the Space Studies Board (SSB). Topics discussed in the workshop included the search for extraterrestrial life in situ and in the laboratory, extant life and the signature of extinct life, and determination of the point of origin (terrestrial or not) of detected organisms.

Manual of Environmental Microbiology


Author: Christon J. Hurst,Ronald L. Crawford,Jay L. Garland,David A. Lipson

Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press

ISBN: 1555813798

Category: Science

Page: 1293

View: 6652

The most definitive manual of microbes in air, water, and soil and their impact on human health and welfare. • Incorporates a summary of the latest methodology used to study the activity and fate of microorganisms in various environments. • Synthesizes the latest information on the assessment of microbial presence and microbial activity in natural and artificial environments. • Features a section on biotransformation and biodegradation. • Serves as an indispensable reference for environmental microbiologists, microbial ecologists, and environmental engineers, as well as those interested in human diseases, water and wastewater treatment, and biotechnology.

The Lakes Handbook

Limnology and Limnetic Ecology


Author: Patrick O'Sullivan,C. S. Reynolds

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470999268

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 712

View: 4344

Continuing concern about water supply and quality, ecosystem sustainability and restoration demands that the modern approach to the management of lakes and reservoirs should be based on a sound understanding of the application of the scientific and ecological principles that underlie freshwater processes. The Lakes Handbook provides an up-to-date overview of the application of ecologically sound approaches, methods and tools using experience gained around the world for an understanding of lakes and their management. Volume one of the Handbook addresses the physical and biological aspects of lakes pertinent to lake management, emphasising those aspects particularly relevant to large, still bodies of water. Volume two then considers lake management, with particular emphasis on sustainability, restoration and rehabilitation. This handbook will be invaluable to ecologists, environmental scientists, physical geographers and hydrologists involved in limnological research, as well as advanced undergraduate and graduate students looking for authoritative reviews of the key areas of limnological study. Brings together basic science and management issues. International coverage and international authors. Reviews management issues at a level suitable for the non-expert.

Algal Culturing Techniques


Author: Robert A. Andersen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080456502

Category: Science

Page: 596

View: 1595

Algal Culturing Techniques is a comprehensive reference on all aspects of the isolation and cultivation of marine and freshwater algae, including seaweeds. It is divided into seven parts that cover history, media preparation, isolation and purification techniques, mass culturing techniques, cell counting and growth measurement techniques, and reviews on topics and applications of algal culture techniques for environmental investigations. Algal Culturing Techniques was developed to serve as both a new textbook and key reference for phycologists and others studying aquatic systems, aquaculture and environmental sciences. Students of algal ecology, marine botany, marine phycology, and microbial ecology will enjoy the hands-on methodology for culturing a variety of algae from fresh and marine waters. Researchers in industry, such as aquaculture, pharmaceutical, foodstuffs, and biotechnology companies will find an authoritative and comprehensive reference. * Sponsored by the Phycological Society of America * Features color photographs and illustrations throughout * Describes culturing methods ranging from the test tube to outdoor ponds and coastal seaweed farms * Details isolation techniques ranging from traditional micropipette to automated flow cytometeric methods * Includes purification, growth, maintenance, and cryopreservation techniques * Highlights methods for estimating algal populations, growth rates, isolating and measuring algal pigments, and detecting and culturing algal viruses * Features a comprehensive appendix of nearly 50 algal culture medium recipes * Includes a glossary of phycological terms

Formula Handbook for Environmental Engineers and Scientists


Author: Gabriel Bitton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471139058

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 6865

Because your success begins with the right formula . Finding the right formula is an essential part of environmental engineering and research. However, consulting the literature of the many disciplines that affect your work can be a time-consuming, inefficient, and often difficult process. Not any more! The Formula Handbook brings together in a single volume the most popular and useful formulas covering biological/biochemical processes in natural and engineered systems--saving hours of valuable research time. Compiled from select journals, review articles, and books, the Formula Handbook is an indispensable one-stop reference for today's busy environmental engineer or scientist. The Handbook is arranged alphabetically, making information easy to find. In addition to the formulas themselves, entries include: * An introduction to the topic * Definition of terms * Numerical values * Tables and figures * References

Aquatic Microbial Ecology

Biochemical and Molecular Approaches


Author: Jürgen Overbeck,Ryszard J. Chrost

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461233828

Category: Science

Page: 190

View: 571

Aquatic microbial ecology, a growing interdisciplinary field, has become increasingly compartmentalized in recent years. The aim of this volume is to propose a framework for biochemical and molecular approaches, which are employed ever more widely in studies of aquatic microbial communities and ecosystem functioning. The book presents state of the art applications of modern molecular research techniques to a range of topics in ectoenzymes microbial carbon metabolism bacterial population dynamics RNA chemotaxonomy of microbial communities plasmids and adaptation to environmental conditions. Written for limnologists, marine biologists, and all researchers interested in environmental microbiology and molecular aspects of ecology, this volume will provide a stimulating introduction to this emerging field.

Environmental Microbiology

From Genomes to Biogeochemistry


Author: Eugene L. Madsen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444357980

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 8423

This well-referenced, inquiry-driven text presents an up-to-date and comprehensive understanding of the emerging field of environmental microbiology. Coherent and comprehensive treatment of the dynamic, emerging field of environmental microbiology Emphasis on real-world habitats and selective pressures experienced by naturally occurring microorganisms Case studies and “Science and the Citizen” features relate issues in the public’s mind to the underlying science Unique emphasis on current methodologies and strategies for conducting environmental microbiological research, including methods, logic, and data interpretation

Microbial ecology of the oceans


Author: David L. Kirchman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780471299936

Category: Science

Page: 542

View: 2538

Wiley Series in Ecological and Applied Microbiology, Ralph Mitchell, Series Editor Microbial ecology is now recognized to be fundamental for understanding the natural world around us and is essential for examining life in the oceans. For the first time, this book brings together international experts to explore the incredibly diverse collection of microbes (and viruses) found in the oceans and to dissect many of the processes mediated by these microbes in aquatic environments. Although the oceans are emphasized, the organisms and processes discussed in the book occur in nearly all natural environments, including rivers and lakes. Microbial Ecology of the Oceans reviews some basics of marine microbiology andprovides a foundation for researchers and students new to the field while also examining several questions currently being discussed in modern microbial ecology. The book brings together concepts from autoecological studies of individual bacterial groups and from ecological studies of microbial assemblages in the oceans. In addition to drawing on the rich history of microbiology, Microbial Ecology of the Oceans uses the latest advances in biological and chemical oceanography and limnology to examine the role of marine microbes and viruses in the oceans. Some of the topics covered by this informative book include: * Microbial evolution, as revealed by molecular techniques * Microbes in carbon budgets and cycles * Viruses and grazers of bacteria * Competition between bacteria and phytoplankton for limited nutrientsMarine symbiosis Microbial Ecology of the Oceans elucidates the role of microbes in food web dynamics and biogeochemical cycles in the ocean. It will prove to be an indispensable resource for students and researchers in biological and chemical oceanography, geochemistry, marine chemistry, freshwater ecology, and microbiology. Also in this series: Biofilms II: Analysis, Process, and Applications, James D. Bryers; Extremophiles: Microbial Life in Extreme Environments, Koki Horikoshi, William D. Grant; Wastewater Microbiology, Second Edition, Gabriel Bitton

Microbial ecology of biofilms

selected proceedings of the International Specialty Conference on Microbial Ecology of Biofilms: Concepts, Tools, and Applications, held in Lake Bluff, Illinois, USA, 8-10 October 1998


Author: Rittmann

Publisher: Intl Water Assn


Category: Nature

Page: 280

View: 6966

Biofilms are ubiquitous, yet until recently scientists and engineers involved in biofilm research or application had a severely limited insight into the structure and functioning of biofilms on a microbial level. However the past decade has seen an explosion of new techniques to elucidate the structure and functions of biofilms, e.g. molecular probes, microsensors, scanning electron microscopy, and a new generation of mathematical models. These proceedings provide a unique panorama of the latest scientific tools, the emerging new concepts and the widespread applications that are making microbial ecology of biofilms such an exciting field. These genuinely state-of-the-art papers lay foundations for great progress in the next century.

Marine Microbiology


Author: John H. Paul

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780125215442

Category: Science

Page: 666

View: 5548

Written by experts in the field, Marine Microbiology presents the latest experimental techniques in the detail required for modern environmental microbiological research. Chapters start with the introduction and background of a particular method, followed by a concise description of the procedures involved. There is also a list of vendors who supply critical components which includes names, addresses, and websites at the end of each chapter. Enumeration of autotrophic picoplankton, bacteria and viruses Fingerprinting Viral Assemblages by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) Fluorescence in situ hybridization with rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes Detection of phytoplankton by remote sensing Covers both established and novel current methods Historical perspective Coverage of marine pollution microbiology and microbes in extreme environments List of suppliers provided at end of each chapter Colour plate section

Environmental and microbial relationships


Author: Karl Esser,Donald T. Wicklow,Paul A. Lemke,Bengt E. Söderström

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9783540580058

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 6063

Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology II

Metagenomics in Different Habitats


Author: Frans J. de Bruijn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118010531

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 9289

The premiere two-volume reference on revelations from studying complex microbial communities in many distinct habitats Metagenomics is an emerging field that has changed the way microbiologists study microorganisms. It involves the genomic analysis of microorganisms by extraction and cloning of DNA from a group of microorganisms, or the direct use of the purified DNA or RNA for sequencing, which allows scientists to bypass the usual protocol of isolating and culturing individual microbial species. This method is now used in laboratories across the globe to study microorganism diversity and for isolating novel medical and industrial compounds. Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology is the first comprehensive two-volume reference to cover unculturable microorganisms in a large variety of habitats, which could not previously have been analyzed without metagenomic methodology. It features review articles as well as a large number of case studies, based largely on original publications and written by international experts. This second volume, Metagenomics in Different Habitats, covers such topics as: Viral genomes Metagenomics studies in a variety of habitats, including marine environments and lakes, soil, and human and animal digestive tracts Other habitats, including those involving microbiome diversity in human saliva and functional intestinal metagenomics; diversity of archaea in terrestrial hot springs; and microbial communities living at the surface of building stones Biodegradation Biocatalysts and natural products A special feature of this book is the highlighting of the databases and computer programs used in each study; they are listed along with their sites in order to facilitate the computer-assisted analysis of the vast amount of data generated by metagenomic studies. Such studies in a variety of habitats are described here, which present a large number of different system-dependent approaches in greatly differing habitats. Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology II is an invaluable reference for researchers in metagenomics, microbial ecology, microbiology, and environmental microbiology; those working on the Human Microbiome Project; microbial geneticists; and professionals in molecular microbiology and bioinformatics.


A Microscopic World


Author: Gustaaf M. Hallegraeff

Publisher: Brill Archive

ISBN: 9789004089327

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 1528

Il monitoraggio ambientale


Author: Silvano Cavalli,Nicola Cardellicchio

Publisher: Tecniche Nuove

ISBN: 9788848119368

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 1420

Carbon Isotope Techniques


Author: David C. Coleman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 032315767X

Category: Science

Page: 286

View: 834

Carbon Isotope Techniques deals with the use of carbon isotopes in studies of plant, soil, and aquatic biology. Topics covered include photosynthesis/translocation studies in terrestrial ecosystems; carbon relationships of plant-microbial symbioses; microbe/plant/soil interactions; and environmental and aquatic toxicology. Stable carbon isotope ratios of natural materials are also considered. Comprised of 15 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to radiation-counting instruments used in measuring the radioactivity in soil and plant samples containing carbon-14. The discussion then turns to the basic methods of 14C use in plant science, highlighted by three examples of applications in the field of plant physiology and ecology. Subsequent chapters explore the use of carbon isotope techniques for analyzing the carbon relationships of plant-microbial symbioses; the interactions of microbes, plants, and soils; and the degradation of herbicides and organic xenobiotics. Carbon dating and bomb carbon are also described. The final section is devoted to the uses and procedures for 13C and 11C. This monograph is intended for advanced undergraduate or graduate students, as well as generalist scientists who have not previously used radioisotopes or stable isotopes in their research.