Green Organic Chemistry and its Interdisciplinary Applications

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Author: Vera M. Kolb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315354578

Category: Science

Page: 175

View: 3832

Green Organic Chemistry and Its Interdisciplinary Applications covers key developments in green chemistry and demonstrates to students that the developments were most often the result of innovative thinking. Using a set of selected experiments, all of which have been performed in the laboratory with undergraduate students, it demonstrates how to optimize and develop green experiments. The book dedicates each chapter to individual applications, such as Engineering The chemical industry The pharmaceutical industry Analytical chemistry Environmental chemistry Each chapter also poses questions at the end, with the answers included. By focusing on both the interdisciplinary applications of green chemistry and the innovative thinking that has produced new developments in the field, this book manages to present two key messages in a manner where they reinforce each other. It provides a single and concise reference for chemists, instructors, and students for learning about green organic chemistry and its great and ever-expanding number of applications.

Handbook of Astrobiology

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Author: Vera M. Kolb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351661108

Category: Science

Page: 846

View: 3873

Astrobiology is the study of the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life on Earth. This exciting and significant field of research also investigates the potential existence and search for extra-terrestrial life in the Solar System and beyond. This is the first handbook in this burgeoning and interdisciplinary field. Edited by Vera Kolb, a highly respected astrobiologist, this comprehensive resource captures the history and current state of the field. Rich in information and easy to use, it assumes basic knowledge and provides answers to questions from practitioners and specialists in the field, as well as providing key references for further study. Features: Provides a comprehensive overview of the field Edited by an authority in the subject, with chapters written by experts in the many diverse areas that comprise astrobiology Contains in-depth and broad coverage of an exciting field that will only grow in importance in the decades ahead Fills an important gap in the market

Green and Sustainable Advanced Materials

Applications

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Author: Shakeel Ahmed,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119528496

Category: Science

Page: 402

View: 6140

Sustainable development is a very prevalent concept of modern society. This concept has appeared as a critical force in combining a special focus on development and growth by maintaining a balance of using human resources and the ecosystem in which we are living. The development of new and advanced materials is one of the powerful examples in establishing this concept. Green and sustainable advanced materials are the newly synthesized material or existing modified material having superior and special properties. These fulfil today’s growing demand for equipment, machines and devices with better quality for an extensive range of applications in various sectors such as paper, biomedical, textile, and much more. Volume 2, provides chapters on the valorization of green and sustainable advanced materials from a biomedical perspective as well as the applications in textile technology, optoelectronics, energy materials systems, and the food and agriculture industry.

Green Solvents II

Properties and Applications of Ionic Liquids

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Author: Ali Mohammad,Dr. Inamuddin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400728913

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 1257

The conventional solvents used in chemical, pharmaceutical, biomedical and separation processes represent a great challenge to green chemistry because of their toxicity and flammability. Since the beginning of “the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry” in 1998, a general effort has been made to replace conventional solvents with environmentally benign substitutes. Water has been the most popular choice so far, followed by ionic liquids, surfactant, supercritical fluids, fluorous solvents, liquid polymers, bio-solvents and switchable solvent systems. Green Solvents Volume I and II provides a throughout overview of the different types of solvents and discusses their extensive applications in fields such as extraction, organic synthesis, biocatalytic processes, production of fine chemicals, removal of hydrogen sulphide, biochemical transformations, composite material, energy storage devices and polymers. These volumes are written by leading international experts and cover all possible aspects of green solvents’ properties and applications available in today’s literature. Green Solvents Volume I and II is an invaluable guide to scientists, R&D industrial specialists, researchers, upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, Ph.D. scholars, college and university professors working in the field of chemistry and biochemistry.

Green Chemistry for Environmental Sustainability

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Author: Sanjay K. Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439824740

Category: Nature

Page: 450

View: 6612

When the Nobel Prize Committee recognized the importance of green chemistry with its 2005 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, this relatively new science came into its own. Although no concerted agreement has been reached yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there seems to be increasing interest in environmental topics that are based on the chemistry embodied in this subject. Linking green chemistry practice to environmental sustainability, Green Chemistry for Environmental Sustainability illustrates the efforts being made to remediate a scathed environment into a pristine one. Links Green Chemistry Practice to Environmental Sustainability Eminent international experts present research on and the application of green chemistry and engineering in addressing current issues of an environmental and social nature. They cover sustainable development and environmental sustainability with chapters on green chemistry and engineering research, the design and synthesis of environmentally benign chemical processes, green approaches to minimize and/or remediate environmental pollution, the development of biomaterials, biofuel, and bioenergy production, biocatalysis, and policies and ethics in green chemistry. The book also explores economics, environmentally benign technologies for greener processes, computational methods and modeling, and green approaches to minimize air and water. Green chemistry has brought a relatively prompt and positive paradigm shift in the overall use and management of natural resources and raw materials for the development of society with a subtle promise to cause far less pronounced harm to the environment. This text provides insight into the chemical and biochemical technologies that are being studied, optimized, and eventually developed to promote environmental sustainability. It provides up-to-date information on selected fields where the principles of green chemistry are being embraced for safeguarding and improving the quality of the environment.

Green Solvents I

Properties and Applications in Chemistry

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Author: Ali Mohammad,Inamuddin Dr.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400717121

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 4592

The conventional solvents used in chemical, pharmaceutical, biomedical and separation processes represent a great challenge to green chemistry because of their toxicity and flammability. Since the beginning of “the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry” in 1998, a general effort has been made to replace conventional solvents with environmentally benign substitutes. Water has been the most popular choice so far, followed by ionic liquids, surfactant, supercritical fluids, fluorous solvents, liquid polymers, bio-solvents and switchable solvent systems. Green Solvents Volume I and II provides a throughout overview of the different types of solvents and discusses their extensive applications in fields such as extraction, organic synthesis, biocatalytic processes, production of fine chemicals, removal of hydrogen sulphide, biochemical transformations, composite material, energy storage devices and polymers. These volumes are written by leading international experts and cover all possible aspects of green solvents’ properties and applications available in today’s literature. Green Solvents Volume I and II is an invaluable guide to scientists, R&D industrial specialists, researchers, upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, Ph.D. scholars, college and university professors working in the field of chemistry and biochemistry.

Carbohydrate Chemistry

Chemical and Biological Approaches

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Author: Amelia Pilar Rauter,Thisbe Lindhorst,Yves Queneau

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1788010035

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 8193

Demonstrating the interdisciplinary nature of modern glycosciences, this volume covers research in the fields of polysaccharides and small carbohydrates from the synthetic and structural viewpoints, with applications ranging from biology to the bioeconomy. Key aspects of the synthesis and properties of imino disaccharides and regioselective glycosylation reactions are reviewed, glycosyltransferase inhibitors are shown to be potential future therapeutic agents, protein-carbohydrate interactions in plant cell-wall biodegradation are targeted by the use of glycan microarrays, biological properties of polysaccharidic microbial surface antigens are discussed with respect to their intimate structure, and contributions on carbohydrate-based hydrogelators, green/blue sugar-based surfactants and carbohydrate-based green solvents illustrate the modern design of tomorrow's chemicals. With the increase in volume, velocity and variety of information, researchers can find it difficult to keep up to date with the literature in their field and this book remains a valuable addition to any researcher's library.

Chemical Functionalization of Carbon Nanomaterials

Chemistry and Applications

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Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482253968

Category: Science

Page: 1101

View: 9267

Carbon-based nanomaterials are rapidly emerging as one of the most fascinating materials in the twenty-first century. Chemical Functionalization of Carbon Nanomaterials: Chemistry and Applications provides a thorough examination of carbon nanomaterials, including their variants and how they can be chemically functionalized. It also gives a comprehensive overview of current advanced applications of functionalized carbon nanomaterials, including the automotive, packaging, coating, and biomedical industries. The book covers modern techniques to characterize chemically functionalized carbon nanomaterials as well as characterization of surface functional groups. It includes contributions from international leaders in the field who highlight the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary flexibility of functionalized carbon nanomaterials. The book illustrates how natural drawbacks to carbon nanomaterials, such as low solubility, can be countered by surface modifications and shows how to make modifications. It discusses developments in the use of carbon nanomaterials in several critical areas in scientific research and practice, including analytical chemistry, drug delivery, and water treatment. It explores market opportunities due to the versatility and increasing applicability of carbon nanomaterials. It also gives suggestions on the direction of the field from its current point, paving the way for future developments and finding new applications. Chemical Functionalization of Carbon Nanomaterials: Chemistry and Applications is a significant collection of findings in a rapidly developing field. It gives an in-depth look at the current achievements of research and practice while pointing you ahead to new possibilities in functionalizing and using carbon nanomaterials.

Biotransformations and Bioprocesses

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Author: Mukesh Doble,Anil Kumar Kruthiventi,Vilas Ganjanan Gaikar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824757130

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 5311

From the laboratory to full-scale commercial production, this reference provides a clear and in-depth analysis of bioreactor design and operation and encompasses critical aspects of the biocatalytic manufacturing process. It clarifies principles in reaction and biochemical engineering, synthetic and biotransformation chemistry, and biocell and enzyme kinetics for successful applications of biocatalysis and bioprocess technologies in the food, chiral drug, vitamin, pharmaceutical, and animal feed industries. Studying reactions from small to supramolecules, this reference provides an abundant supply of end-of-chapter problems to sharpen understanding of key concepts presented in the text.

Contemporary Boron Chemistry

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Author: Matthew G Davidson,Ken Wade,T B Marder,Andrew K Hughes

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847550649

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 9112

The continued and evolving significance of boron chemistry to the wider chemical community is demonstrated by the international and interdisciplinary nature of the research reported in this book. Contemporary Boron Chemistry encompasses inorganic and organic compounds as well as polymers, solid-state materials, medicinal aspects and theoretical studies. Covering many areas of chemistry with boron at its centre, topics include applications to polyolefin catalysis, medicine, materials and polymers; boron cluster chemistry, including carboranes and metal-containing clusters; organic and inorganic chemistry of species containing only 1 or 2 boron atoms; and theoretical studies of boron-containing compounds. New materials with novel optical and electronic properties are also discussed. Comprehensive and up to date, graduates and researchers in a wide range of fields, particularly those in organometallic and organic chemistry and materials science, will welcome this book.

Chemical Synthesis and Applications of Graphene and Carbon Materials

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Author: Markus Antonietti,Klaus Müllen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527332081

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 980

This ready reference and handbook is unique in its focus on synthesis and the application of graphene and other carbon materials with an emphasis on chemistry aspects. To this extent, it deals with top-down and bottom-up approaches across the different length scales for graphene from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to graphene nanoribbons and graphene sheets, as well as carbon materials from quantum dots, nanostructured particles, and fibers, right up to tubes, bulk structures, and much more besides. In so doing, it presents the best synthetic methods: pyrolysis, chemical vapor deposition, templating and surface-mediated synthesis, self-assembly, surface-grafting and modification. Edited by two excellent, experienced and highly renowned editors, both of whom are directors of Max Planck Institutes.

Photochemistry of Organic Compounds

From Concepts to Practice

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Author: Petr Klán,Jakob Wirz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444300008

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 1853

Photochemistry of Organic Compounds: From Concepts toPractice provides a hands-on guide demonstrating the underlyingprinciples of photochemistry and, by reference to a range oforganic reaction types, its effective use in the synthesis of neworganic compounds and in various applications. The book presents a complete and methodical approach to thetopic, Working from basic principles, discussing key techniques andstudies of reactive intermediates, and illustrating syntheticphotochemical procedures. Incorporating special topics and case studies covering variousapplications of photochemistry in chemistry, environmentalsciences, biochemistry, physics, medicine, and industry. Providing extensive references to the original literature andto review articles. Concluding with a chapter on retrosynthetic photochemistry,listing key reactions to aid the reader in designing their ownsynthetic pathways. This book will be a valuable source of information andinspiration for postgraduates as well as professionals from a widerange of chemical and natural sciences.

Advanced Fluorescence Reporters in Chemistry and Biology I

Fundamentals and Molecular Design

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Author: Alexander P. Demchenko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642047022

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 2211

Fluorescence reporter is the key element of any sensing or imaging technology. Its optimal choice and implementation is very important for increasing the sensitivity, precision, multiplexing power, and also the spectral, temporal, and spatial reso- tion in different methods of research and practical analysis. Therefore, design of ?uorescence reporters with advanced properties is one of the most important problems. In this volume, top experts in this ?eld provide advanced knowledge on the design and properties of ?uorescent dyes. Organic dyes were the ?rst ?uorescent materials used for analytical purposes, and we observe that they retain their leading positions against strong competition of new materials – conjugated polymers, semiconductor nanocrystals, and metal chelating complexes. Recently, molecular and cellular biology got a valuable tool of organic ?uorophores synt- sized by cell machinery and incorporated into green ?uorescent protein and its analogs. Demands of various ?uorescence techniques operating in spectral, anisotropy, and time domains require focused design of ?uorescence reporters well adapted to these techniques. Near-IR spectral range becomes more and more attractive for various applications, and new dyes emitting in this range are strongly requested. Two-photonic ?uorescence has become one of the major tools in bioimaging, and ?uorescence reporters well adapted to this technique are in urgent need. These problems cannot be solved without the knowledge of fundamental principles of dye design and of physical phenomena behind their ?uorescence response.

Nanocatalysis

Synthesis and Applications

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Author: Vivek Polshettiwar,Tewodros Asefa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118609808

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 736

View: 9776

Exhibiting both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic properties,nanocatalysts allow for rapid and selective chemicaltransformations, with the benefits of excellent product yield andease of catalyst separation and recovery. This book reviews thecatalytic performance and the synthesis and characterization ofnanocatalysts, examining the current state of the art and pointingthe way towards new avenues of research. Moreover, the authorsdiscuss new and emerging applications of nanocatalysts andnanocatalysis, from pharmaceuticals to fine chemicals to renewableenergy to biotransformations. Nanocatalysis features contributions from leadingresearch groups around the world. These contributions reflect athorough review of the current literature as well as theauthors’ first-hand experience designing and synthesizingnanocatalysts and developing new applications for them. Thebook’s nineteen chapters offer a broad perspective,covering: Nanocatalysis for carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom couplingreactions Nanocatalysis for various organic transformations in finechemical synthesis Nanocatalysis for oxidation, hydrogenation, and other relatedreactions Nanomaterial-based photocatalysis and biocatalysis Nanocatalysts to produce non-conventional energy such ashydrogen and biofuels Nanocatalysts and nano-biocatalysts in the chemicalindustry Readers will also learn about the latest spectroscopic andmicroscopy tools used in advanced characterization methods thatshed new light on nanocatalysts and nanocatalysis. Moreover, theauthors offer expert advice to help readers develop strategies toimprove catalytic performance. Summarizing and reviewing all the most important advances innanocatalysis over the last two decades, this book explains themany advantages of nanocatalysts over conventional homogeneous andheterogeneous catalysts, providing the information and guidanceneeded for designing green, sustainable catalytic processes.

Chiral Drugs

Chemistry and Biological Action

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Author: Guo-Qiang Lin,Qi-Dong You,Jie-Fei Cheng

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118075630

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 7727

An integrated view of chiral drugs—from concept and synthesisto pharmaceutical properties Chirality greatly influences a drug's biological and pharmacological properties. In an effort to achieve more predictable results from chiral drugs, the Food and Drug Administration now requires that these medicines be as pure as possible, which places great demands on drug synthesis, purification, analysis, and testing. To assist researchers in acquiring the essential knowledge to meet these rigid guidelines, Chiral Drugs focuses on three vital chiral technologies—asymmetric synthesis, biocatalytic process, and chiral resolution—to offer details on the basic concepts, key developments, and recent trends in chiral drug discovery, along with: The history of chiral drugs development and industrial applications of chiral technologies A section listing twenty-five approved or advanced-trial chiral drugs that lists each drug name, chemical name and properties, a representative synthetic pathway, pharmacological characterizations, and references An interdisciplinary approach combining synthetic organic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, and pharmacology Nearly two-thirds of the drugs on today's market are chiral drugs. Reducing and eliminating their negative characteristics is an ongoing and serious challenge for the pharmaceutical industry. With its well-balanced approach to covering each important aspect of chirality, Chiral Drugs champions important strategies for tipping the medical scale in a positive direction for the production of more effective—and safer—drugs.

Encapsulated Catalysts

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Author: Samahe Sadjadi

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128039051

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 554

View: 1374

Encapsulated Catalysts provides valuable information for chemists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists in this promising area. The book describes many kinds of encapsulated catalysts and their applications in chemistry, including organic, inorganic, hybrid, and biological systems. Unlike other works, which discuss traditional supports, this useful resource uniquely focuses on extremely important topics, such as the encapsulation effects on reactivity and selectivity, the difficulty of their separation from reaction mixture, and/or their sensitivity to reaction conditions, and the limit of their industrial applications. In addition, the book covers the immobilization of homogenous catalysts on inorganic or organic supports and how it enables the separation of homogenous catalysts, as well as the protection or reuse of catalysts. Discusses one of the most promising advances in catalysis and recent developments in the area, including enzyme mimic catalysts and new nano-materials for catalyst encapsulation Provides interdisciplinary coverage of organic, inorganic, and biological materials for encapsulation of catalysts Describes various types of reactions which can be catalyzed in presence of encapsulated catalysts

Carbohydrate Chemistry, Biology and Medical Applications

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Author: Hari G. Garg,Mary K. Cowman,Charles A. Hales

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080558141

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 7922

The finding by Emil Fischer that glucose and fructose on treatment with phenylhydrazine gave the identical osazone led him to the elucidation of stereochemistry of carbohydrates. Since then, progress in the field of carbohydrates has been amazing with the unraveling their basic structure, biosynthesis, immunology, functions, and clinical uses, for pure carbohydrates and for protein-linked carbohydrates (glycoproteins and proteoglycans). The chapters in Carbohydrate Chemistry, Biology and Medical Applications present a logical sequence leading from the chemistry and biochemistry of carbohydrates, followed by their role in various pathological conditions, to carbohydrates as potential therapeutic and diagnostic agents. This book offers a detailed panoramic review of the chemistry and biology of carbohydrates for chemists, biologists and health professionals. Each chapter is authored by contributors expert in the particular area of research. Explains how carbohydrates are important to life Details the chemistry, biology and medical aspects of carbohydrates Interdisciplinary and international team of authors

Green Materials for Electronics

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Author: Mihai Irimia-Vladu,Eric D. Glowacki,Niyazi S. Sariciftci,Siegfried Bauer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527692967

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 206

View: 695

Combining the materials science, technological, and device aspects of organic bioelectronics based on green materials, this is the first overview of the emerging concepts involving fabrication techniques for sustainable electronics with low energy and material consumption. With contributions from top-notch editors and authors, in one focus, the book covers a collection of natural materials suited for electronics applications such as paper, silk, melanin, DNA and nucleobases, resins, gums, saccharides, cellulose, gelatine and peptides. In another thrust, the book focuses on device fabrication based on these materials, including processing aspects, and applications such as sensors, signal transducers, transient, implantable and digestible electronics. With its interdisciplinary approach this text will appeal to the chemistry, physics, materials science, and engineering communities.

Nanostructured Materials and Their Applications

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Author: Stergios Logothetidis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642222277

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 4216

This book gives an overview of nanostructures and nanomaterials applied in the fields of energy and organic electronics. It combines the knowledge from advanced deposition and processing methods of nanomaterials such as laser-based growth and nanopatterning and state-of-the-art characterization techniques with special emphasis on the optical, electrical, morphological, surface and mechanical properties. Furthermore it contains theoretical and experimental aspects for different types of nanomaterials such as nanoparticles, nanotubes and thin films for organic electronics applications. The international group of authors specifically chosen for their distinguished expertise belong to the academic and industrial world in order to provide a broader perspective. The authors take an interdisciplinary approach of physics, chemistry, engineering, materials science and nanotechnology. It appeals to researchers and graduate students.

Biocatalysis

Biochemical Fundamentals and Applications

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Author: Peter Grunwald

Publisher: Imperial College Press

ISBN: 1860947441

Category: Science

Page: 1035

View: 975

The book covers the fundamentals of the field of biocatalysis that are not treated in such detail (or even not at all) in existing biocatalysis books or biochemistry textbooks. It of course does not substitute existing biochemistry textbooks but will serve a suitable supplement as it discusses biochemical fundamentals in connection with the respective topics.With focus on the interdisciplinary nature of biocatalysis, the book contains many aspects of fundamental organic chemistry and some of inorganic chemistry as well, which should make it interesting not only for biochemistry but also for chemistry students. An important theme being emphasized in the book is that applied biocatalysis is one of the main prerequisites for a sustainable development.The topics covered ranges from basic enzyme chemistry (biosynthesis, structure, properties, interaction forces, kinetics) to a detailed description of catalytic mechanisms. It covers the fundamentals of the different enzyme classes together with their applications in native and in immobilized state or in the form of whole cells in aqueous as well as non-conventional media. Topics such as catalytic antibodies, nucleic acid catalysts, non-ribosomal peptide synthesis, evolutionary methods, and the design of cells are also included.