Global Tectonics

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Author: Philip Kearey,Keith A. Klepeis,Frederick J. Vine

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118688082

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 3335

The third edition of this widely acclaimed textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of global tectonics, and includes major revisions to reflect the most significant recent advances in the field. A fully revised third edition of this highly acclaimed text written by eminent authors including one of the pioneers of plate tectonic theory Major revisions to this new edition reflect the most significant recent advances in the field, including new and expanded chapters on Precambrian tectonics and the supercontinent cycle and the implications of plate tectonics for environmental change Combines a historical approach with process science to provide a careful balance between geological and geophysical material in both continental and oceanic regimes Dedicated website available at www.blackwellpublishing.com/kearey/

Global Tectonics

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Author: Philip Kearey,Keith A. Klepeis,Frederick J. Vine

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1444303228

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 4306

The third edition of this widely acclaimed textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of global tectonics, and includes major revisions to reflect the most significant recent advances in the field. A fully revised third edition of this highly acclaimed text written by eminent authors including one of the pioneers of plate tectonic theory Major revisions to this new edition reflect the most significant recent advances in the field, including new and expanded chapters on Precambrian tectonics and the supercontinent cycle and the implications of plate tectonics for environmental change Combines a historical approach with process science to provide a careful balance between geological and geophysical material in both continental and oceanic regimes Dedicated website available at www.blackwellpublishing.com/kearey/

Global Tectonics

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Author: Philip Kearey,Frederick Vine

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780865429246

Category: Science

Page: 333

View: 5168

Warmly praised in its first edition, particularly for its careful balance between geology and geophysics, Global Tectonics is an even better textbook in its second edition. Responding to reviews, comments from instructors and developments in the subject, the authors have significantly extended the book's breadth and restructured some sections. Expanded sections include those on the formation of oceanic crust, the variety of passive continental margins and the nature of convection in the mantle, and a new chapter draws together the material on continental rifts and sedimentary basins. Written by very eminent authors. Fred Vine was one of the pioneers of plate tectonic theory. Careful balance between geology and geophysics. New section of full colour plates. Addition of a new chapter drawing together the coverage of continental rifts and sedimentary basins. Expanded coverage, particularly of deep seismic reflection, hot spots and petrogenesis.

Geomorphology and Global Tectonics

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Author: Michael A. Summerfield

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 367

View: 4621

Presents the state of current research on the inter-relationships between global tectonics and macroscale landscape development across a wide range of topics and study areas. The last 10 years have witnessed a remarkable growth in interest in the relationships between global tectonics and the Earth's maroscale topographic features. This new research emphasis has emerged from a range of practitioners within the earth sciences, including geophysicists concerned with what can be learnt about tectonic processes from their topographic effects, geologists interested in the factors controlling erosion and the supply of material to sedimentary basins, and geomorphologists wanting to understand the role of tectonics in landscape evolution. Various technical developments and new sources of data have also contributed to these developments, such as the construction of coupled tectonic surface process numerical models of large-scale landscape development, the creation of large-area, high resolution digital elevation models, and the derivation of long-term denudational records using methods such as thermochronology. This book presents an overview of innovative research in the area and provides directions for future research. Each chapter provides up-to-date surveys of key research questions, reports on important current work and highlights outstanding research issues. It will be invaluable to those across the earth science community who are interested in the relationships between tectonics and geography.

Global Tectonics and Earthquake Risk

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Author: C. Lomnitz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483289540

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 3564

Global Tectonics and Earthquake Risk discusses the geostatistical treatment of earthquake probabilities. The book reviews global tectonics and geologic history, including evidence of change, Pangaea, geochronology, tectonic revolutions, and the breakup of Pangaea. The book discusses the formation of Pangaea which later broke down into the present continental cores of Asia, Europe, Africa, Australian, Antarctica, and the Americas. The book describes the separation of North and South America from Europe, how Africa became established during the Cretaceous time, and how India split off from Africa to became welded to Asia at the Himalayas. The text also explains earthquake risk in terms of stochastic processes, point processes, and illustrates modeling of the earthquake process. The "Large-Earthquake Model" is based on a list of the largest earthquakes in the region, while a more sophisticated model requires the incorporation of non-Markovian effects (aftershock sequences). The book cites an application of investigations done on California where an earthquake of magnitude 5 is expected to occur every three months. An earthquake of magnitude 8 or greater is predicted to happen every 100 years but the book notes that the return period exceeds the range of the period of recorded data (which is only 31 years). Presented in another way, the text concludes that the probability of occurrence of an event of magnitude 8 earthquake or over in any given year is about one percent. The book can prove helpful for geologists, seismologists, meteorologists, or practitioners in the field of civil and structural engineering.

Petroleum and Global Tectonics

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Author: Alfred G. Fischer

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400885930

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 366

View: 5901

The recent prominence of global tectonics has been as spectacular as it has been promissory of ramifications throughout established geological thought. The academic concepts of tectonics --continental drift, sea-floor spread, the definition of the major tectonic plates of the world, to cite only a few--are now regarded as essentially valid. Suggesting, as they do, a re-examination of many geological tenets, one may ask what bearing tectonics have on the formation and accumulation of petroleum. This volume addresses that question and presents the implications of the theoretical advances on the essential quest for petroleum and its by-products. Originally published in 1975. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Ocean of Truth

A Personal History of Global Tectonics

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Author: Henry William Menard

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400854687

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 5811

Menard begins with the leading hypotheses (such as that the earth expands) and the supporting evidence for each. He traces the crucial work of the 1960s year by year as researchers debated hypotheses in correspondence and at frequent meetings. Throughout the book Professor Menard considers the implications of his story for the sociology of science and the goals of scientific research. Originally published in 1986. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Principles of Terrane Analysis

New applications for global tectonics

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Author: D.G. Howell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412546402

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 7783

This book introduces the reader to the principles of terrrane analysis, and describes how accretion tectonics relates to classic plate tectonics theory and what this represents in terms of mountain building and continental growth processes. A forensic-like investigation of continental geology is detailed, integrating many different sub-disciplines of the Earth Sciences. The concepts outlined have a practical bent and help to explain the nature and occurrences of petroleum and metallic mineral deposits.

Igneous Petrogenesis A Global Tectonic Approach

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Author: B.M. Wilson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412533105

Category: Science

Page: 466

View: 4289

As a major text in igneous petrology, this innovative book offers a much-needed, radically different approach to the study of igneous rocks. Bridging a long-recognized gap in the literature by providing petrogenic models for magmatismin terms of global tectonic processes, it encompasses geophysics and geochemistry in a comprehensive treatment of the subject. Most textbooks in igneous petrology have intended to avoid discussion of potentially controversial petrogenetic models. However, this is precisely the sort of information senior students of igneous petrology require. Dr Wilson has drawn on 15 years of research and 10 years of teaching experience in writing an account of what is now a well established understanding of the processes involved in environments of magma generation. She provides full discussions of the major-element, trace-element, and radiogenic isotope characteristics of magmas generated in different tectonic settings and she deals with the information derived from such data concerning magma source regions and their ascent trough the Earth's lithosphere. Additionally each chapter contains a summary of geophysical data relating to crustal and mantle structure and the location of magma reservoirs. The modular format of the book will facilitate its use by all students, researchers and professionals with an interest in igneous petrology. A basic knowledge of geochemistry, mineralogy, phase diagrams, regional geology and global tectonics is assumed, but such advanced topics as trace element and isotope geochemistry can be omitted initially if the reader's background is inappropriate. The text is profusely illustrated and the bibliography contains over 1000 carefully selected references. Marge Wilson graduated in geology at the University of Oxford. She then spent a year at the University of California, Berkeley, and subsequently studied the petrogenesis of nepheline syenites from the Gardar province of Greenland, leading to a PhD from the University of Leeds. Her research has focused on island-arc, oceanic-island and intra-continental plate tectonic settings.

New Concepts in Global Tectonics

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Author: Sankar Chatterjee,Nicholas Hotton

Publisher: Texas Tech University Press

ISBN: 9780896722699

Category: Science

Page: 449

View: 6226

Plate Tectonics

Continental Drift and Mountain Building

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Author: Wolfgang Frisch,Martin Meschede,Ronald C. Blakey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540765042

Category: Science

Page: 212

View: 1852

How are mountains formed? Why are there old and young mountains? Why do the shapes of South America and Africa fit so well together? Why is the Pacific surrounded by a ring of volcanoes and earthquake prone areas while the edges of the Atlantic are relatively peaceful? Frisch and Meschede and Blakey answer all these questions and more through the presentation and explanation of the geo-dynamic processes upon which the theory of continental drift is based and which have lead to the concept of plate tectonics.

Plate Tectonics & Crustal Evolution

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Author: Kent C. Condie

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483100146

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 5158

Plate Tectonics & Crustal Evolution, Second Edition covers the role of plate tectonics in the geologic past in light of existing geologic evidence, and examples of plate reconstructions. The book discusses the important physical and chemical properties of the crust and upper mantle in terms of models for crustal origin and evolution. The text also describes sea-floor spreading; magma associations; plate tectonics and continental drift. The phanerozoic orogenic systems and the precambrian crustal development are also tackled. The book will be invaluable to students in the earth sciences and to various specialists in the geological sciences.

Britain and Global Tectonics: Block 5

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Author: Steve Drury,S Drury, D McGarvie, I Parkinson, N Harris,Dave McGarvie,Ian Parkinson,Open University. S339 Understanding the Continents Course Team

Publisher: The Open University

ISBN: 0749256672

Category: Continental drift

Page: 166

View: 2501

The rocks of the British Isles preserve evidence for rifting, mountain building, terrane accretion, volcanic arcs and even mantle plumes. Many of the concepts that underpin geological analysis stem from observations that were first made in the British Isles. This book traces the geological and tectonic history of the British Isles, from the Archean to the Tertiary, as they took part in episodes of global super-continent amalgamation and break-up.This book covers Geological'Anatomy' of the British Isles, Great Events : A Global Context for the Evolution of the British Isles, The Lewisian, Archean Processes and how Cratons Form, Uniting the British Isles and Episodes of Extensional Magmatism.

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps

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Author: David G. Roberts,A.W. Bally

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444563628

Category: Science

Page: 1200

View: 6963

Expert petroleum geologists David Roberts and Albert Bally bring you Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps, volume three in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. Its key focus is on both volcanic and non-volcanic passive margins, and the importance of salt and shale driven by sedimentary tectonics to their evolution. Recent innovative research on such critical locations as Iberia, Newfoundland, China, and the North Sea are incorporated to provide practical real-world case studies in regional geology and tectonics. The vast amount of volcanic data now available to form accurate hydrocarbon assessments and analysis at passive margin locations is also included into this thorough yet accessible reference. Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication A "how-to" practical reference that discusses the impact of the development of passive margins and cratonic basins on the structural evolution of the Earth in regional geology and tectonic applications. Incorporates the increased availability of industry data to present regional seismic lines and cross-sections, leading to more accurate analysis and assessment of targeted hydrocarbon systems Analyses of passive margins and cratonic basins in East Africa, China, Siberia, the Gulf of Suez, and the Laptev Sea in the Russian Arctic provide immediately implementable petroleum exploration applications Summaries of analogue and theoretical models are provided as an essential backdrop to the structure and stratigraphy of various geological settings.