Global Collective Action

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Author: Todd Sandler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139454261

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7462

This book examines how nations and other key participants in the global community address problems requiring collective action. The global community has achieved some successes, such as eradicating smallpox, but other efforts to coordinate nations' actions, such as the reduction of drug trafficking, have not been sufficient. This book identifies the factors that promote or inhibit successful collective action at the regional and global level for an ever-growing set of challenges stemming from augmented cross-border flows associated with globalization. Modern principles of collective action are identified and applied to a host of global challenges, including promoting global health, providing foreign assistance, controlling rogue nations, limiting transnational terrorism, and intervening in civil wars. Because many of these concerns involve strategic interactions where choices and consequences are dependent on one's own and others' actions, the book relies, in places, on elementary game theory that is fully introduced for the uninitiated reader.

Global Risks and Collective Action Failures: What Can the International Community Do?

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Author: Ms. Inci Otker-Robe

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1498307043

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 27

View: 4110

Abstract What do climate change, global financial crises, pandemics, and fragility and conflict have in common? They are all examples of global risks that can cross geographical and generational boundaries and whose mismanagement can reverse gains in development and jeopardize the well-being of generations. Managing risks such as these becomes a global public good, whose benefits also cross boundaries, providing a rationale for collective action facilitated by the international community. Yet, as many public goods, provision of global public goods suffer from collective action failures that undermine international coordination. This paper discusses the obstacles to addresing these global risks effectively, highlighting their implications for the current juncture. It claims that remaining gaps in information, resources, and capacity hamper accumulation and use of knowledge to triger appropriate action, but diverging national interests remain the key impediment to cooperation and effectiveness of global efforts, even when knowledge on the risks and their consequences are well understood. The paper argues that managing global risks requires a cohesive international community that enables its stakeholders to work collectively around common goals by facilitating sharing of knowledge, devoting resources to capacity building, and protecting the vulnerable. When some countries fail to cooperate, the international community can still forge cooperation, including by realigning incentives and demonstrating benefit from incremental steps toward full cooperation.

The Perils of Global Legalism

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Author: Eric A. Posner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226675920

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 431

The first months of the Obama administration have led to expectations, both in the United States and abroad, that in the coming years America will increasingly promote the international rule of law—a position that many believe is both ethically necessary and in the nation’s best interests. With The Perils of Global Legalism, Eric A. Posner explains that such views demonstrate a dangerously naive tendency toward legalism—an idealistic belief that law can be effective even in the absence of legitimate institutions of governance. After tracing the historical roots of the concept, Posner carefully lays out the many illusions—such as universalism, sovereign equality, and the possibility of disinterested judgment by politically unaccountable officials—on which the legalistic view is founded. Drawing on such examples as NATO’s invasion of Serbia, attempts to ban the use of land mines, and the free-trade provisions of the WTO, Posner demonstrates throughout that the weaknesses of international law confound legalist ambitions—and that whatever their professed commitments, all nations stand ready to dispense with international agreements when it suits their short- or long-term interests. Provocative and sure to be controversial, The Perils of Global Legalism will serve as a wake-up call for those who view global legalism as a panacea—and a reminder that international relations in a brutal world allow no room for illusions.

State Behavior and the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime

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Author: Jeffrey R. Fields

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820347299

Category: History

Page: 321

View: 2934

"This is an edited collection of essays that asks--and attempts to answer--a series of questions about global efforts of nuclear nonproliferation. Though there is almost universal membership in the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), why is there reluctance on the part of some countries to support measures to strengthen the regime through other means Various tools and instruments used to bolster the NPT--such as sanctions on resistant states, robust export controls, and anti-smuggling efforts--are resisted by some states, who often simultaneously argue that the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the spread of its technology is undesirable. Indeed, many member states pursue policies that are directly counterproductive to strengthening the NPT. For example, the United States has signed a nuclear cooperation agreement with India, a nuclear weapons-producing country that has not signed the NPT"--

Global Tensions

Challenges and Opportunities in the World Economy

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Author: Lourdes Beneria,Savitri Bisnath

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135952655

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 4024

Against the backdrop of demonstrations in Seattle, Porto Alegre and Genoa and within the context of growing resistances to free trade and the current global trends, Global Tensions takes a close look at the challenges posed by the processes of globalization at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Composed of original essays by renowned scholars, this volume explores controversial topics such as free trade, women's rights, labor standards, the World Trade Organization and global tensions.

Global Warming and China's Environmental Diplomacy

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Author: Hongyuan Yu

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781604560169

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 3414

Since the early 1990s, there are two increasingly hot topics attracting numerous scholarly attentions in Chinese politics: first, it is the transformation of China's political system. Second, it is China's increasingly involvement in international regimes. Nevertheless, until now, there are only a few scholars to work out the distinctive relations between them, and even less people work on the bureaucratic politics level. By explaining and evaluating the development of policymaking coordination in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the author demonstrates the argument that international regimes have contributed to the development of coordination in Chinese Policymaking, taking the UNFCCC as a departure.

Global Governance at Risk

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Author: David Held,Charles Roger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745671942

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 3691

Since 2007 the world has lurched from one crisis to the next. The rise of new powers, the collapse of our global financial system, the proliferation of nuclear weapons and crisis in the Eurozone have led to a build up of risks that is likely to provoke a more general crisis in our system of global governance if it cannot be made fairer, more effective and accountable. In this book, nine leading scholars explore the fault lines and mounting challenges that are putting pressure on existing institutions, the ways in which we are currently attempting to manage them – or failing to – and the prospects for global governance in the 21st century. In doing so, the contributors offer a fresh look at one of the most important issues confronting the world today and they suggest strategies for adapting current institutions to better manage our mutual interdependence in the future. Contributors include Ha-Joon Chang, Benjamin Cohen, Michael Cox, David Held, George Magnus, Robert Skidelsky, Robert Wade, Martin Wolf and Kevin Young.

The Stiglitz Report

Reforming the International Monetary and Financial Systems in the Wake of the Global Crisis

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Author: Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595585915

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 8512

The fact that our global economy is broken may be widely accepted, but what precisely needs to be fixed has become the subject of enormous controversy. In 2008, the president of the United Nations General Assembly convened an international panel, chaired by Nobel Prize–winning economist Joseph Stiglitz and including twenty leading international experts on the international monetary system, to address this crucial issue. The Stiglitz Report, released by the committee in late 2009, sees the recent financial crisis as the latest and most damaging of several concurrent crises—of food, water, energy, and sustainability—that are tightly interrelated. The analysis and recommendations in the report cover the gamut from short-term mitigation to deep structural changes, from crisis response to reform of the global, economic, and financial architecture. The report establishes a bold agenda for policy change, that is sure to be the gold standard for understanding and contending with the international economy for many years to come. The Stiglitz Report is essential reading for anyone concerned about a secure and prosperous world.

The Rise of Global Health

The Evolution of Effective Collective Action

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Author: Joshua K. Leon

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438455186

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6441

Chronicles the expanding global effort to confront public health challenges. Since the year 2000, unprecedented resources have been committed to the complex challenge of developing global public health solutions by national governments, multilateral organizations, and civil society groups. This vast global movement is one of the most remarkable political phenomena of twenty-first-century international relations—but is it working? In The Rise of Global Health, Joshua K. Leon argues against the conventional wisdom, which argues that collective action on development issues—including controversial increases in foreign aid—is too inherently inefficient to succeed. Leon shows that public action on a global level can successfully pursue health equality. Often at the behest of grassroots activists, these disparate groups of actors are cooperating more than ever with the aim of improving our human potential through better health. Though operating at cross purposes with unequal trade agreements and other factors within the global economy harming the Global South, we learn something surprising about global health governance—it is evolving in ways more efficient than we think.

Informal Workers and Collective Action

A Global Perspective

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Author: Adrienne E. Eaton,Susan J. Schurman,Martha A. Chan

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501707957

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 756

Informal Workers and Collective Action features nine cases of collective action to improve the status and working conditions of informal workers. Adrienne E. Eaton, Susan J. Schurman, and Martha A. Chen set the stage by defining informal work and describing the types of organizations that represent the interests of informal workers and the lessons that may be learned from the examples presented in the book. Cases from a diverse set of countries—Brazil, Cambodia, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Liberia, South Africa, Tunisia, and Uruguay—focus on two broad types of informal workers: "waged" workers, including port workers, beer promoters, hospitality and retail workers, domestic workers, low-skilled public sector workers, and construction workers; and self-employed workers, including street vendors, waste recyclers, and minibus drivers. These cases demonstrate that workers and labor organizations around the world are rediscovering the lessons of early labor organizers on how to aggregate individuals' sense of injustice into forms of collective action that achieve a level of power that can yield important changes in their work and lives. Informal Workers and Collective Action makes a strong argument that informal workers, their organizations, and their campaigns represent the leading edge of the most significant change in the global labor movement in more than a century. Contributors Gocha Aleksandria, Georgian Trade Union Confederation Martha A. Chen, Harvard University and WIEGO Sonia Maria Dias, WIEGO and Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil Adrienne E. Eaton, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Mary Evans, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Janice Fine, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Mary Goldsmith, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco Daniel Hawkins, National Trade Union School of Colombia Elza Jgerenaia, Labor and Employment Policy Department for the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs, Republic of Georgia Stephen J. King, Georgetown University Allison J. Petrozziello, UN Women and the Center for Migration Observation and Social Development Pewee Reed, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Republic of Liberia Sahra Ryklief, International Federation of Workers' Education Associations Susan J. Schurman, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Vera Alice Cardoso Silva, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil Milton Weeks, Devin Corporation

Global Monitoring Report 2004

Policies and Actions for Achieving the Millennium Development Goals and Related Outcomes

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Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821358597

Category: Reference

Page: 228

View: 2602

References pp. 217-228.

Liberalization, Financial Instability and Economic Development

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Author: Yılmaz Akyüz

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1783082623

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

View: 4279

Weighing up the costs and benefits of economic interdependence in a finance-driven world, this book argues that globalization, understood and promoted as absolute freedom for all forms of capital, has been oversold to the Global South, and that the South should be as selective about globalization as the North. ‘Liberalization, Financial Instability and Economic Development’ challenges the orthodoxy on the link between financial deepening and economic growth, as well as that between the efficiency of financial markets and the benefits of liberalization. Ultimately, the author urges developing countries to control capital flows and asset bubbles, preventing financial fragility and crises, and recommends regional policy options for managing capital flows and exchange rates.

The Quest for Security

Protection Without Protectionism and the Challenge of Global Governance

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Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz,Mary Kaldor

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527659

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 5402

The essays in this collection boldly confront the quest for security arising from the social, economic, environmental, and political crises and transformations of our century. Joseph E. Stiglitz and Mary Kaldor begin with an expansive, balanced analysis of the global landscape and the factors contributing to the growth of insecurity. Whereas earlier studies have touched on how globalization has increased economic insecurity and how geopolitical changes may have contributed to military insecurity, this volume looks for some common threads: in a globalized world without a global government, with a system of global governance not up to the task, how do we achieve security without looking inward and stepping back from globalization? In each of their areas of expertise, contributors seek answers to questions about how we achieve protection of those people who are most insecure without resorting to economic, military, or mafia protectionism. Some have suggested that the turmoil in the Eurozone "proves" the deficiencies in the welfare state. This book argues that the superior performance of Scandinavian countries arises from their superior systems of social protection, which allow their citizens to undertake greater risk and more actively participate in globalization. Some suggest that we can address terrorism or transnational crimes through the strengthening of borders or long-distance wars. This book develops the proposition that such approaches have the opposite effect and that only through spreading the human security experienced in well-ordered societies can these dangers be managed. This book also examines how these global changes play out, not only in the relations among countries and the management of globalization, but at every level of our society, especially in our cities. It explores the potential for cities to ensure personal security, promote political participation, and protect the environment in the face of increasing urbanization.

Reinventing Collective Action

From the Global to the Local

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Author: Colin Crouch,David Marquand

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631197218

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 2047

A reborn collectivism has begun to challenge the neo-liberal orthodoxies of the last fifteen years. But this new collectivism is very different from the state-centred collectivism of the post-war period. It is outward-looking, pluralistic and internationalist. It stands for strong communities, a diverse civil society, bottom-up development and constitutional checks and balances to prevent the abuse of power. It also stands for federalist power-sharing in the European Union, and for radical reform of the IMF and World Bank. This book sets out an agenda for the new collectivism which will provide the central themes of left and centre-left politics into the next century.

Conflict and Cooperation in the Global Commons

A Comprehensive Approach for International Security

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Author: Scott Jasper

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1589019237

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 2958

More than ever, international security and economic prosperity depend upon safe access to the shared domains that make up the global commons: maritime, air, space, and cyberspace. Together these domains serve as essential conduits through which international commerce, communication, and governance prosper. However, the global commons are congested, contested, and competitive. In the January 2012 defense strategic guidance, the United States confirmed its commitment “to continue to lead global efforts with capable allies and partners to assure access to and use of the global commons, both by strengthening international norms of responsible behavior and by maintaining relevant and interoperable military capabilities.” In the face of persistent threats, some hybrid in nature, and their consequences, Conflict and Cooperation in the Global Commons provides a forum where contributors identify ways to strengthen and maintain responsible use of the global commons. The result is a comprehensive approach that will enhance, align, and unify commercial industry, civil agency, and military perspectives and actions.

Die 2°max-Klimastrategie

ein Memorandum

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Author: Lutz Wicke,Hans-Joachim Schellnhuber,Daniel Klingenfeld

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643108176

Category:

Page: 48

View: 6501

Strengthening the World Bank's Role in Global Programs and Partnerships

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Author: Uma Lele

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821364111

Category: Aide économique - Évaluation - Congrès

Page: 60

View: 3776

This volume reports on a conference held by the World Bank's independent Operations Evaluation Department (OED) to discuss the Bank's rote in global program partnerships. The starting point for the discussions was a comprehensive review by OED of the effectiveness of 26 of the largest programs, including the Consultative Group on International AgricuRural Research and programs in health, environment, and trade. Participants at the conference provided crosscutting lessons about program design, implementation, and evaluation, and shared views about how the Bank can best help build commitment and assure financing for high priority global public goods that benefit the poor.

Climate Change

Who's Carrying the Burden? : the Chilly Climates of the Global Environment Dilemma

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Author: L. Anders Sandberg,Tor Sandberg

Publisher: Canadian Centre Policy Alternatives

ISBN: 1926888065

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 2412

"Climate Change\U+2014\Who\U+2019\s Carrying the Burden? rallies the call of climate justice advocates and activists concerned with \U+2018\system change not climate change\U+2019\. This call demands control of local resources, the restitution of past wrongs, and the willingness to conceive and accept different modes of living and seeing."--Back cover.

The Labor Politics of Market Socialism

A Collective Action in a Global Workplace in South China

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Author: Wai-Ling Jenny Chan,陳慧玲

Publisher: Open Dissertation Press

ISBN: 9781374671645

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2815

This dissertation, "The Labor Politics of Market Socialism: a Collective Action in a Global Workplace in South China" by Wai-ling, Jenny, Chan, 陳慧玲, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Abstract of thesis entitled "The Labor Politics of Market Socialism: A Collective Action in a Global Workplace in South China" submitted by CHAN Wai Ling, Jenny for the degree of Master of Philosophy in Sociology at The University of Hong Kong in May 2006 This paper is based on an ethnographic research on labor politics in South China. During the past two decades of rapid market reforms, China has become a "world factory." Some 120 to 200 million mingong, migrant wage-workers of rural household registration, are recomposing the Chinese working class. At the workplace level, how do Chinese migrant workers understand their lived class experiences? How do they realize their shared interests in everyday practices as well as in specific moments of labor struggles? I analyze the emergence and social organization of a collective action in a 3,000-person Hong Kong-invested enterprise in the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone. A massive dismissal of 600 production workers triggered a protest in March 2003. What resources are available for aggrieved migrant workers to use in their struggle? Existing writings on Chinese migrant workers have mostly emphasized the domination of workers by the state and global capitalism. Specifically, even though the central government has introduced protective labor laws, they have seldom been enforced. In situations of protests, labor laws have even been found to set limits on compensation claims and other outcomes. In addition, workers are subjected to tight managerial control not only on the shop floor, but also within their dormitories. Strict restrictions of their bodily movements, not only at work but also at 'home, ' are seen as a major mechanism for enhancing productivity and reducing worker interactions. Finally, the management has been found to encourage the proliferation of localistic loyalty, which can be used to draw social iiboundaries between the workers and reduce their solidarity. In this study, I argue that all three forces can be double-edged swords. While they serve to restrain and control the workers, they can also be used as mechanisms for launching labor resistance. First, the government's legal reforms have opened up new institutional channels for the workers to legitimize their claims. Second, the workers can readily build solidarity based on pre-existing localistic networks and in some cases transcend them. Third, collective factory dormitories provide a place or socio-cultural space for the workers to articulate their aggregate interests. How are the migrant workers organized? Labor laws, localistic networks, the shop floor as well as dormitories of the factory have provided much-needed organizational resources. I also highlight the crucial role of migrant workers as leaders in the dynamic process of labor organizing. Without the help of trade unions, the workers have to rely on themselves to fight for their rights and dignity. In and through intensive struggle, their working-class identity and consciousness are strengthened and heightened. In sum, my research aims at articulating Chinese migrant workers' discontent and specifying the logic of a particular mode of workplace-based collective action. Labor protests will likely increase in frequency and scale as the market reforms deepen and generate new forms of social inequalities in China.