Global Civil Society

Contested Futures

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Author: Gideon Baker,David Chandler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134256868

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 8308

For many commentators, global civil society is revolutionising our approach to global politics, as new non-state-based and border-free expressions of political community challenge territorial sovereignty as the exclusive basis for political community and identity. This challenge 'from below' to the nation-state system is increasingly seen as promising nothing less than a reconstruction, or a re-imagination, of world politics itself. Whether in terms of the democratisation of the institutions of global governance, the spread of human rights across the world, or the emergence of a global citizenry in a worldwide public sphere, global civil society is understood by many to provide the agency necessary for these hoped-for transformations. Global Civil Society asks whether this idea is such a qualitatively new phenomenon after all; whether the transformation of the nation-state system is actually within its reach; and what some of the drawbacks might be.

The Concert of Civilizations

The Common Roots of Western and Islamic Constitutionalism

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Author: Jeremy Kleidosty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317037480

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 983

Are Western and Islamic political and constitutional ideas truly predestined for civilizational clash? In order to understand this controversy The Concert of Civilizations begins by deriving and redefining a definition of constitutionalism that is suitable for comparative, cross-cultural analysis. The rule of law, reflection of national character, and the clear delineation and limitation of governmental power are used as lenses through which thinkers like Cicero, Montesquieu, and the authors of The Federalist Papers can be read alongside al-Farabi, ibn Khaldun, and the Ottoman Tanzimat decrees. Bridging the civilizational divide is a chapter comparing the Magna Carta with Muhammad’sConstitution of Medina, as both documents can be seen as foundational within their traditions. For the first time in political theory, this text also provides a sustained, detailed analysis of Khayr al-Din al-Tunisi’s book The Surest Path, which explains his fusion of Muslim and Western ideas in his writing of Tunisia’s first modern constitution, which is also the first constitution for a majority-Muslim state. Finally, the book discusses the Arab Spring through a brief overview of the revolutions in Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia, and offers some early thoughts about Tunisia’s uniquely successful revolution.

The Future of Political Community

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Author: Gideon Baker,Jens Bartelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134033354

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 6364

This book explores the alternative futures of political community and moves beyond the critique of what is wrong with existing, state-based forms of political community. It does so not with the defence of a particular normative model of political community in mind, but rather in the quest for new ways of thinking about political community itself. Exploring how the political must be rethought in the twenty-first century and beyond, this book is divided into three parts: Part I focuses on the core problem that, despite the obvious need to rethink political community ‘beyond’ the nation state, our conceptual language is still thoroughly shaped by modernity, its prioritisation of the state and sovereignty, and its assumption of unifying progress in history. Part II focuses on postmodern political community, these chapters take up the calls made above for new thinking about political community that goes ‘beyond’ modern conceptions. Part III turns to the question of the emergence and decline of new forms of political community. The purpose of this section is to consider how the transformation of political community occurs in practice, and what the primary driver of this change is globally, locally and historically. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of International Relations, Political and Social Theory.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge

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Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135963150

Category: Reference

Page: 2050

View: 6481

For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Security, Development and the Fragile State

Bridging the Gap between Theory and Policy

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Author: David Carment,Stewart Prest,Yiagadeesen Samy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135257051

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 1313

This book provides theoretical clarity about the concepts of failed and fragile states, which have emerged strongly since the 9/11 attacks. Recent contributions often see the fragile state as either a problem of development or of security. This volume argues that that neither perspective on its own is a sufficient basis for good policy. In a wide-ranging treatment, drawing on large samples as well as case studies, the authors create an alternative model of the fragile state emphasizing the multidimensional, multifaceted nature of the "fragile state problematique". On the basis of their model and empirical evidence, they then derive a number of policy-relevant insights regarding the need for contextualized and ongoing country analysis, the perils and pitfalls of unstructured development assistance, and the need to move whole-of-government approaches from the realm of rhetoric to reality. In offering both a synthesis of existing research and an innovative approach to understanding the fragile state, this volume will be of great interest to students of war and conflict studies, risk, conflict management, and international relations in general. It will also be of use to practitioners in policy circles and to NGOs.

Lenin, Stalin und Hitler

Drei Diktatoren, die Europa in den Abgrund führten

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Author: Robert Gellately

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 9783785723494

Category: History

Page: 920

View: 1959

Zwei Weltkriege, die russische Revolution, Aufstieg und Fall des "Dritten Reichs", der Holocaust - zwischen 1914 und 1945 brechen große politische Katastrophen über Europa herein und verändern die Gesellschaft von Grund auf. Im Zentrum der Katastrophen stehen drei Diktatoren: Lenin, Stalin und Hitler. Während über die Verbrechen und Grausamkeit der Letztgenannten Einigkeit besteht, wird Lenin bisweilen als "guter Gründungsvater" eingeschätzt. Zu unrecht. Der renommierte Historiker Robert Gellately beweist in seiner Studie Lenins verheerende Rolle für die jüngere Geschichte und liefert damit den Schlüssel zu einem besseren Verständnis des großen Weltenbrands.

Sustainable Development and Subnational Governments

Policy-Making and Multi-Level Interactions

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Author: H. Bruyninckx,S. Happaerts,K. van den Brande,Karoline van den Brande

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137005424

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 6658

This book highlights the importance of the subnational level of governance in relation to sustainable development, exploring how subnational governments have taken up the challenge to design sustainable development policies and their involvement in international decision-making on sustainable development.

Die Politisierung der Weltpolitik

Umkämpfte internationale Institutionen

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Author: Michael Zürn,Matthias Ecker-Ehrhardt

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518732013

Category: Political Science

Page: 412

View: 3232

Die Analysen und Hypothesen dieses Buches macht die Politisierung der internationalen Institutionen – insbesondere der EU – erfaßbar und verständlich. Seit dem Zusammenbruch der US-amerikanischen Großbank Lehmann Brothers im September 2008 – dem Beginn der Finanzkrise – erleben wir eine umfassende Politisierung der internationalen Finanzpolitik und der sie tragenden politischen Institutionen. Dies gilt vor allem für die europäischen Einrichtungen – und mithin auch auf die EU als Ganzes. Als Resultat wird das politische Europa – und zwar sowohl die europäischen Institutionen als auch die Funktionsweise der Mitgliedsstaaten – ein anderes sein als zuvor: Die Politisierung europäischer Institutionen macht das Geschäft für die politisch Handelnden in vielerlei Hinsicht schwieriger; sie ist aber auch eine große Chance, Europa das politische und legitimatorische Fundament zu gebe, das es benötigt.

Routledge Handbook of Latin American Politics

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Author: Peter Kingstone,Deborah J. Yashar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135280290

Category: Political Science

Page: 632

View: 6681

Latin America has been one of the critical areas in the study of comparative politics. The region’s experiments with installing and deepening democracy and promoting alternative modes of economic development have generated intriguing and enduring empirical puzzles. In turn, Latin America’s challenges continue to spawn original and vital work on central questions in comparative politics: about the origins of democracy; about the relationship between state and society; about the nature of citizenship; about the balance between state and market. The richness and diversity of the study of Latin American politics makes it hard to stay abreast of the developments in the many sub-literatures of the field. The Routledge Handbook of Latin American Politics offers an intellectually rigorous overview of the state of the field and a thoughtful guide to the direction of future scholarship. Kingstone and Yashar bring together the leading figures in the study of Latin America to present extensive empirical coverage, new original research, and a cutting-edge examination of the central areas of inquiry in the region.

Die Demokratie und ihre Feinde

Wer gestaltet die neue Weltordnung?

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Author: Robert Kagan

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641033713

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 2616

Plädoyer für eine demokratische Weltordnung Robert Kagan bringt die weltpolitische Situation seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges auf den Punkt. Den demokratischen Staaten steht mit Russland, China und Iran eine wachsende Zahl nach Macht und Einfluss strebender autokratischer Regime gegenüber. Gleichzeitig werden die Werte des Westens vom Herrschaftsanspruch radikaler Islamisten bedroht. Leidenschaftlich und pointiert stellt uns Kagan vor die Alternative, entweder die Welt im Sinne unserer freiheitlich-demokratischen Vorstellungen zu formen oder uns in einer neuen Weltordnung einzurichten, die andere gestaltet haben. Nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges keimte die Hoffnung, das Ende der Geschichte sei gekommen, eine friedvolle Zukunft liege vor uns. Diese Hoffnung war trügerisch. Die Jugoslawienkriege, der Kosovo-Konflikt und der 11. September zeigten auf brutale Weise, dass Nationalismen, ethnische Zugehörigkeiten und Religion die Völker nach wie vor trennen und in blutige Konflikte stürzen. Auch Großmachtansprüche gehören keineswegs der Vergangenheit an. Russland, China und Iran lassen ihre Muskeln spielen. Eindringlich ruft Robert Kagan die demokratischen Staaten dazu auf, sich zusammenzuschließen und gemeinsam für Demokratie und liberale Werte einzustehen. Die Geschichte ist zurückgekehrt, die hochfliegenden optimistischen Träume, die man nach dem Mauerfall und dem Zusammenbruch des Ostblocks gehegt hatte, sind ausgeträumt. Die Demokraten dürfen die Welt nicht den Despoten und Autokraten überlassen, sondern müssen aktiv an der Gestaltung einer neuen Weltordnung mitwirken. Kagan ist einer der scharfsinnigsten politischen Denker in den USA.

Annuaire Des Organisations Internationales

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International agencies

Page: N.A

View: 3129

Beginning in 1983/84 published in 3 vols., with expansion to 6 vols. by 2007/2008: vol. 1--Organization descriptions and cross references; vol. 2--Geographic volume: international organization participation; vol. 3--Subject volume; vol. 4--Bibliography and resources; vol. 5--Statistics, visualizations and patterns; vol. 6--Who's who in international organizations. (From year to year some slight variations in naming of the volumes).

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

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Author: Frank Sauer,Carlo Masala

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531199188

Category: Political Science

Page: 1172

View: 8344

Das Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen ist die zweite, vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage des Handbuchs der Internationalen Politik. Das neue Handbuch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über den state of the art der politikwissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin Internationale Beziehungen in deutscher Sprache. Es präsentiert theoretische und methodische Grundlagen der Forschung in den Internationalen Beziehungen und stellt die wesentlichen Akteure und Problemfelder der internationalen Politik vor. Das Nachschlagewerk richtet sich sowohl an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler als auch an Studierende und die interessierte Öffentlichkeit.

Ordnung und Regieren in der Weltgesellschaft

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Author: Mathias Albert,Nicole Deitelhoff,Gunther Hellmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658197803

Category: Political Science

Page: 405

View: 3685

Der Band setzt sich mit den Bedingungen und Möglichkeiten internationalen oder globalen Regierens in einer sozialen Umwelt (Weltgesellschaft) unter drei Perspektiven auseinander: der Perspektive von Theorien globaler Ordnung, der Perspektive spezifischer Formen globaler Ordnungsbildung und der Perspektive die Normativität globaler Ordnung. Die Beiträge des Bandes besetzen Schnittstellen in einer Reihe von Diskussionen, die in den Internationalen Beziehungen zu Ordnung und Ordnungsbildung in der internationalen Politik, zum Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates, sowie zur Stellung internationaler Politik in der Weltgesellschaft geführt werden.

The Future of Journalism

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Author: Bob Franklin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317985710

Category: Education

Page: 342

View: 2677

The future of journalism is hotly contested and highly uncertain reflecting developments in media technologies, shifting business strategies for online news, changing media organisational and regulatory structures, the fragmentation of audiences and a growing public concern about some aspects of tabloid journalism practices and reporting, as well as broader political, sociological and cultural changes. These developments have combined to impoverish the flow of existing revenues available to fund journalism, impact radically on traditional journalism professional practices, while simultaneously generating an increasingly frenzied search for sustainable and equivalent funding – and from a wide range of sources - to nurture and deliver quality journalism in the future. This book brings together journalists and distinguished academic specialists from around the globe to present the findings from their research and to discuss the future of journalism, the shifting quality of its products, its wide ranging sources of finance, as well as the economic and democratic consequences of the significant changes confronting Journalism. The Future of Journalism details the challenges facing the press in contemporary societies and provides essential reading for everyone interested in the role of journalism in shaping and sustaining literate, civil and democratic societies. This book consists of special issues from Journalism Studies and Journalism Practice.

Walking a Tightrope

EISA and the Challenges of Democracy, 1996-2007

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Author: Julia Katherine Seirlis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa, Southern

Page: 161

View: 331

Representing the Nation

Sport and Spectacle in Post-revolutionary Mexico

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Author: Claire Brewster,Keith Brewster

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317968050

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 192

View: 8543

Mexico City’s staging of the 1968 Olympic Games should have been a pinnacle in Mexico’s post-revolutionary development: a moment when a nation at ease with itself played proud host to a global celebration of youthful vigour. Representing the Nation argues, however, that from the moment that the city won the bid, the Mexican elite displayed an innate lack of trust in their countrymen. Beautification of the capital city went beyond that expected of a host. It included the removal of undesirables from sight and the sponsorship of public information campaigns designed to teach citizens basic standards of civility and decency. The book’s contention is that these and other measures exposed a chasm between what decades of post-revolutionary socio-cultural reforms had sought to produce, and what members of the elite believed their nation to be. While members of the Organising Committee deeply resented international scepticism of Mexico’s ability to stage the Games, they shared a fear that, with the eyes of the world upon them, their compatriots would reveal Mexico’s aspirations to first world status to be a fraud. Using a detailed analysis of Mexico City’s preparations for the Olympic Games, we show how these tensions manifested themselves in the actions of the Organizing Committee and government authorities. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

An Introduction to Sustainable Development

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Author: Jennifer A. Elliott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415590728

Category: Political Science

Page: 361

View: 2449

This text examines the complex challenges presented by the goal of sustainable development at the local and global level. Areas covered include the challenges and opportunities for the developing world in the search for sustainable development.

Handbuch Transformationsforschung

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Author: Raj Kollmorgen,Wolfgang Merkel,Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658053488

Category: Political Science

Page: 789

View: 4935

Transformation als nicht-evolutorischer gesellschaftlicher Wandel ist ein historisches Phänomen der Moderne. Gegenstand des Handbuchs sind Felder, Theorien und Methoden der sozialwissenschaftlichen Transformationsforschung. Am Anfang stehen die drei großen Paradigmen der Transformationsforschung: System, Institutionen und Akteure. Es folgen prominente Forschungsansätze unter anderem aus der Modernisierungstheorie, dem Strukturalismus, dem Historischen Institutionalismus, der Entwicklungsökonomik und der Politischen Ökonomie. Ein weiterer Teil ist den Methoden gewidmet. Quantitativ-statistische Verfahren werden hier ebenso vorgestellt wie makro-qualitative Methoden, Methoden aus der Ethnographie, den Wirtschaftswissenschaften und der Diskursanalyse. Nach einem Überblick über die wichtigsten historischen Wellen gesellschaftlicher Transformationen folgt ein Blick auf Sphären der Transformation wie Recht, Staat, Wirtschaft und Zivilgesellschaft. Mehr als vierzig kürzere Stichworte von A wie Autokratieförderung bis W wie Wohlfahrtsregime vertiefen einzelne transformatorische Grundprobleme. Dieses Handbuch integriert politikwissenschaftliche, soziologische und wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Perspektiven. Daneben finden rechts- und kulturwissenschaftliche Zugänge Berücksichtigung.