Glass of the Roman World

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Author: Justine Bayley,Ian Freestone,Caroline Jackson

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782977775

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 7565

Glass of the Roman World illustrates the arrival of new cultural systems, mechanisms of trade and an expanded economic base in the early 1st millennium AD which, in combination, allowed the further development of the existing glass industry. Glass became something which encompassed more than simply a novel and highly decorative material. Glass production grew and its consumption increased until it was assimilated into all levels of society, used for display and luxury items but equally for utilitarian containers, windows and even tools. These 18 papers by renowned international scholars include studies of glass from Europe and the Near East. The authors write on a variety of topics where their work is at the forefront of new approaches to the subject. They both extend and consolidate aspects of our understanding of how glass was produced, traded and used throughout the Empire and the wider world drawing on chronology, typology, patterns of distribution, and other methodologies, including the incorporation of new scientific methods. Though focusing on a single material the papers are firmly based in its archaeological context in the wider economy of the Roman world, and consider glass as part of a complex material culture controlled by the expansion and contraction of the Empire. The volume is presented in honor of Jenny Price, a foremost scholar of Roman glass.

Early glass of the ancient world

1600 B.C.-A.D. 50 : Ernesto Wolf collection

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Author: Birgit Schlick-Nolte

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 430

View: 8381

Of particular value is a systematic analysis - the first to date - of the history of ancient glass technology. Presented in easy-to-understand language and accompanied by numerous comparative photographs and drawings, step-by-step descriptions of studio experiments reconstruct the techniques of the ancient artisans. The descriptive catalogue of this comprehensive collection is illustrated with full-color photographs by Peter Frankenstein and Hendrik Zwietasch who have captured the magic of ancient glass, enabling the reader to behold many small objects as through a magnifying glass. E. Marianne Stern and Birgit Schlick-Nolte meticulously researched and documented Ernesto Wolf's collection to create an essential handbook of early ancient glass.

Rimsko steklo Slovenije / The Roman Glass of Slovenia

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Author: Irena Lazar

Publisher: Založba ZRC

ISBN: N.A

Category: Glassware, Roman

Page: 252

View: 1854

The Roman Glass of Slovenia is an academic presentation of all of the Roman glass, circa 1st to the 5th century AD, found on the territory of present-day Slovenia, excluding those found in Emona (Ljubljana). The 266-page book covers typology, and descriptions of techniques and review of forms of cast, mould-blown and free-blown products, and includes chapters on production processes and remains of glass production furnaces found in Slovenia. It includes 46 color photographs and numerous illustrations and reference tables.

Trade, Commerce, and the State in the Roman World

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Author: Alan Bowman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019879066X

Category: Architecture

Page: 688

View: 1782

This volume presents eighteen papers by leading Roman historians and archaeologists discussing trade in the Roman Empire during the period c.100 BC to AD 350. It focuses especially on the role of the Roman state in shaping the institutional framework for trade within and outside the empire, in taxing that trade, and in intervening in the markets to ensure the supply of particular commodities, especially for the city of Rome and for the army. As part of a novel interdisciplinary approach to the subject, the chapters address its myriad facets on the basis of broadly different sources of evidence: historical, papyrological, and archaeological. They are grouped into three sections, covering institutional factors (taxation, legal structures, market regulation, financial institutions); evidence for long-distance trade within the empire in wood, stone, glass, and pottery; and trade beyond the frontiers, with the east (as far as China), India, Arabia, the Red Sea, and the Sahara. Rome's external trade with realms to the east emerges as being of particular significance, but it is in the eastern part of the empire itself where the state appears to have adapted the mechanisms of taxation in collaboration with the elite holders of wealth to support its need for revenue. On the other hand, the price of that collaboration, which was in effect a fiscal partnership, ultimately led in the longer term in slightly different forms in the east and the west to a fundamental change in the political character of the empire.

Glass of the Sultans

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Author: Stefano Carboni,David Whitehouse,Robert H. Brill,Corning Museum of Glass,William Gudenrath,Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 0870999869

Category: Art

Page: 330

View: 5036

This catalogue accompanies an exhibition that brings together more than 150 glass objects representing twelve centuries of Islamic glassmaking. Included are the principal types of pre-industrial glass from Egypt, the Middle East, and India in a comprehensive array of shapes, colors, and techniques such as glassblowing, the use of molds, the manipulation of molten glass with tools, and the application of molten glass to complete or decorate an object. -- Metropolitan Museum of Art website.

Roman Glass

Reflections of Everyday Life

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Author: Stuart J. Fleming

Publisher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology

ISBN: 9780924171512

Category: History

Page: 66

View: 4644

This lavishly illustrated book places glass in its social setting within the Roman household. The volume was written to accompany the traveling exhibition Roman Glass: Reflections on Cultural Change. Through a series of vignettes, the author tells the story of the development of the glass industry in the Roman Empire and the role of glass in the daily routines of the ancient Romans. During the reign of Rome's first emperor, Augustus (27 B.C.-A.D. 14), as several well-established industries such as pottery- and textile-making were being expanded, the craft of glassmaking was adopted from the East, turned into an industry, and adapted to Roman taste. By the mid-first century A.D. glass rivaled pottery in the domestic marketplace. It was used for tableware and storage containers to hold everything from preserved fish to fine perfumes. Glass featured strongly in the Roman daily routine, from the early morning, when maids would apply perfumed lotions to their mistress in preparation for her social rounds, to the late afternoon, when slaves would bring platters of food, bowls of fruit, and jugs of wine—all of glass—to the supper table. And there was a place for glass even in Roman funerary ritual, because it was custom to include all manner of domestic items among the grave furnishings, to add comfort to the afterlife.

Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass

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Author: David Whitehouse,Corning Museum of Glass

Publisher: Hudson Hills

ISBN: 9780872901506

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 368

View: 9110

This volume continues the survey of one of the world's most extensive collections of Roman glass. It contains 387 objects, most of which were made between the first and seventh centuries AD. These include 164 pieces decorated or inscribed by inflation in a mould, 151 decorated with trails, 31 with appliques, two medallions, 16 fragments of gold glass, and 23 with painted and gilded decoration.

Neighbours and Successors of Rome

Traditions of Glass Production and use in Europe and the Middle East in the Later 1st Millennium AD

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Author: Daniel Keller,Jennifer Price,Caroline Jackson

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782973982

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 1348

Presented through 20 case studies covering Europe and the Near East, Neighbours and Successors of Rome investigates development in the production of glass and the mechanisms of the wider glass economy as part of a wider material culture in Europe and the Near East around the later first millennium AD. Though highlighting and solidifying chronology, patterns of distribution, and typology, the primary aims of the collection are to present a new methodology that emphasises regional workshops, scientific data, and the wider trade culture. This methodology embraces a shift in conceptual approach to the study of glass by explaining typological change through the existence of a thriving supra-national commercial network that responded to market demands and combines the results of a range of new scientific techniques into a framework that stresses co-dependence and similarities between the various sites considered. Such an approach, particularly within Byzantine and Early Islamic glass production, is a pioneering concept that contextualises individual sites within the wider region. By twinning a critique of archaeometric methods with the latest archaeological research, the contributors present a foundation for glass research, seen through the lens of consumption demands and geographical necessity, that analyses production centres and traditional typological knowledge. In so doing the they bridge an important divide by demonstrating the co-habitability of diverse approaches and disciplines, linking, for example, the production of Campanulate bowls from Gallaecia with the burgeoning international late antique style. Equally, the particular details of those pieces allow us to identify a regional style as well as local production. As such this compilation provides a highly valuable resource for archaeologists, anthropologists, and art historians.

Glass from the ancient world

so diverse a unity

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Author: Elizabeth L. Higashi,David Whitehouse,Mardigian Library (University of Michigan--Dearborn)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 88

View: 6045

Roman Glass

Reflections on Cultural Change

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Author: Stuart James Fleming

Publisher: UPenn Museum of Archaeology

ISBN: 9780924171727

Category: Art

Page: 208

View: 9522

Follow the way social attitudes and historical events--among them, slavery and materialism, wars and plagues--influenced how glassworking developed in the Roman world from the mid-first century B.C. to the late sixth century A.D. Woven into this story is the place of glassware in Roman everyday life, from the lady-of-the-house's cosmetic preparations each morning to the setting of table for the evening meal. Included are two special appendices: one considers the technology of ancient glassmaking, the other summarizes ancient opinions on the properties and merits of glass.

How Glass Changed the World

The History and Chemistry of Glass from Antiquity to the 13th Century

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Author: Seth C. Rasmussen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642281834

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 85

View: 6538

Glass production is thought to date to ~2500 BC and had found numerous uses by the height of the Roman Empire. Yet the modern view of glass-based chemical apparatus (beakers, flasks, stills, etc.) was quite limited due to a lack of glass durability under rapid temperature changes and chemical attack. This “brief” gives an overview of the history and chemistry of glass technology from its origins in antiquity to its dramatic expansion in the 13th century, concluding with its impact on society in general, particularly its effect on chemical practices.

Res

Anthropology and Aesthetics, 53/54: Spring and Autumn 2008

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Author: Francesco Pellizzi,Jonathan Hay,Ernst Van Alphen

Publisher: Peabody Museum Press

ISBN: 087365840X

Category: Art

Page: 349

View: 9883

This double volume includes: The value of forgery, Jonathan Hay; Affective operations of art and literature, Ernst van Alphen; Bettyâe(tm)s Turn, Stephen Melville; Richard Serra in Germany, Magdalena Nieslony; Beheadings and massacres, Federico Navarrete; Pliny the Elder and the identity of Roman art, Francesco de Angelis; Between nature and artifice, Francesca Dellâe(tm)Acqua; Narrative cartographies, Gerald Guest; The artist and the icon, Alexander Nagel; Preliminary thoughts on Piranesi and Vico, Erika Naginski; Portable ruins, Alina Payne; Istanbul: The palimpsest city in search of its archi-text, Nebahat Avcioglu; The iconicity of Islamic calligraphy in Turkey, Irvin Cemil Schick; The Buddhaâe(tm)s house, Kazi Khalid Ashraf; A flash of recognition into how not to be governed, Natasha Eaton; Hasegawaâe(tm)s fairy tales, Christine Guth; The paradox of the ethnographic-superaltern, Anna Brzyski, and contributions to âeoeLectures, Documents and Discussionsâe by Karen Kurczyncki, Mary Dumett, Emmanuel Alloa, Francesco Pellizzi, and Boris Groys.

Glass Making in the Greco-Roman World

Results of the ARCHGLASS project

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Author: Patrick Degryse

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9462700079

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 5826

New insights into the trade and processing of mineral raw materials for glass making - Free ebook at OAPEN Library (www.oapen.org) This book presents a reconstruction of the Hellenistic-Roman glass industry from the point of view of raw material procurement. Within the ERC funded ARCHGLASS project, the authors of this work developed new geochemical techniques to provenance primary glass making. They investigated both production and consumer sites of glass, and identified suitable mineral resources for glass making through geological prospecting. Because the source of the raw materials used in the manufacturing of natron glass can be determined, new insights in the trade of this material are revealed. While eastern Mediterranean glass factories were active throughout the Hellenistic to early Islamic period, western Mediterranean and possibly Italian and North African sources also supplied the Mediterranean world with raw glass in early Roman times. By combining archaeological and scientific data, the authors develop new interdisciplinary techniques for an innovative archaeological interpretation of glass trade in the Hellenistic-Roman world, highlighting the development of glass as an economic material. Contributors Annelore Blomme (KU Leuven), Sara Boyen (KU Leuven), Dieter Brems (KU Leuven), Florence Cattin (Université de Bourgogne), Mike Carremans (KU Leuven), Veerle Devulder (KU Leuven, UGent), Thomas Fenn (Yale University), Monica Ganio (Northwestern University), Johan Honings (KU Leuven), Rebecca Scott (KU Leuven)

Structural Glass Facades and Enclosures

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Author: Mic Patterson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470931851

Category: Architecture

Page: 304

View: 1096

A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO STRUCTURAL GLASS FACADES FOR ARCHITECTS, ENGINEERS, AND BUILDERS Once an experimental building form, structural glass facades have matured into a fully robust technology. Structural Glass Facades and Enclosures documents, defines, and categorizes the current state of the art in long-span glass facade design and construction, with a focus on structural systems, glass cladding options, and implementation strategies for innovative design. A comparative analysis of these various systems is included, along with designs and design practices for enhancing transparency; engineering issues; material, process, and fabrication considerations; installation means and methods; and project delivery strategies for implementing innovative building technology in today's construction marketplace. The reader will find information here that is not available together in any single resource, including: Structural system types and design options, with integrated glass system options and their application on each of the structural types An in-depth discussion of design, fabrication, and installation issues relative to each system type, accompanied by illustrations and photographs A discussion of the challenges of implementing innovative design and technology in the construction industry, and operational practices to improve the probability of success A series of in-depth case studies documenting representative samples of stunning built works that employ the technology and design principles identified in the book Structural Glass Facades and Enclosures provides expert content for putting cutting-edge technology into real-life practice, creating new potential for fresh applications embracing both aesthetic and performance solutions, and for the adoption of the technology by architects, builders, and facade practitioners.

Coatings on Glass

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Author: H. Pulker,H.K. Pulker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080525556

Category: Science

Page: 466

View: 7272

This is the second, revised edition of a book that has already proved invaluable to a wide range of readers. Written by a scientist for scientists and technical people, it goes beyond the subject matter indicated by the title, filling the gap which previously existed in the available technical literature. It includes a wealth of information for physicists, chemists and engineers who need to know more about thin films for research purposes, or who want to use this special form of solid material to achieve a variety of application-oriented goals.

The Fall of the Roman Empire

A New History of Rome and the Barbarians

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Author: Peter Heather

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199741182

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 7726

The death of the Roman Empire is one of the perennial mysteries of world history. Now, in this groundbreaking book, Peter Heather proposes a stunning new solution: Centuries of imperialism turned the neighbors Rome called barbarians into an enemy capable of dismantling an Empire that had dominated their lives for so long. A leading authority on the late Roman Empire and on the barbarians, Heather relates the extraordinary story of how Europe's barbarians, transformed by centuries of contact with Rome on every possible level, eventually pulled the empire apart. He shows first how the Huns overturned the existing strategic balance of power on Rome's European frontiers, to force the Goths and others to seek refuge inside the Empire. This prompted two generations of struggle, during which new barbarian coalitions, formed in response to Roman hostility, brought the Roman west to its knees. The Goths first destroyed a Roman army at the battle of Hadrianople in 378, and went on to sack Rome in 410. The Vandals spread devastation in Gaul and Spain, before conquering North Africa, the breadbasket of the Western Empire, in 439. We then meet Attila the Hun, whose reign of terror swept from Constantinople to Paris, but whose death in 453 ironically precipitated a final desperate phase of Roman collapse, culminating in the Vandals' defeat of the massive Byzantine Armada: the west's last chance for survival. Peter Heather convincingly argues that the Roman Empire was not on the brink of social or moral collapse. What brought it to an end were the barbarians.

The Transformation of the Roman World AD 400-900

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Author: Leslie Webster,Michelle Brown

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520210608

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 343

The fall of the Roman Empire and the beginning of what we call the Middle Ages was a period of tremendous change and upheaval in Europe and Byzantium. Focusing on these pivotal five centuries in European history, this wide-ranging study features essays by an international team of distinguished scholars. Their essays survey the most significant aspects of the transition from late Antiquity to the early Middle Ages: the later Roman empire, the barbarian successor states, estates and property, wealth and treasure, production and distribution, death and burial rites, cult and worship, and the transmission of ideas. The essays are accompanied by six shorter chapters based on related exhibitions in museums throughout Europe during 1997, with themes ranging from Roman villas to Scandinavian gold brooches, Byzantine burial practices to medieval Dutch hoards. Handsomely illustrated in both color and black and white, the book also contains a helpful glossary and gazetteer of principal place names.

Britain and the End of the Roman Empire

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Author: Ken R. Dark

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 1044

Questioning many current assumptions, this wide-ranging study presents a radical reinterpretation of Britain in the period AD 400-600.