The Invention of a Place, the History of an Idea


Author: Mitchell Duneier

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 1429942754

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 8466

A New York Times Notable Book of 2016 Winner of the Zócalo Public Square Book Prize On March 29, 1516, the city council of Venice issued a decree forcing Jews to live in il geto—a closed quarter named for the copper foundry that once occupied the area. The term stuck. In this sweeping and original account, Mitchell Duneier traces the idea of the ghetto from its beginnings in the sixteenth century and its revival by the Nazis to the present. As Duneier shows, we cannot comprehend the entanglements of race, poverty, and place in America today without recalling the ghettos of Europe, as well as earlier efforts to understand the problems of the American city. Ghetto is the story of the scholars and activists who tried to achieve that understanding. As Duneier shows, their efforts to wrestle with race and poverty cannot be divorced from their individual biographies, which often included direct encounters with prejudice and discrimination in the academy and elsewhere. Using new and forgotten sources, Duneier introduces us to Horace Cayton and St. Clair Drake, graduate students whose conception of the South Side of Chicago established a new paradigm for thinking about Northern racism and poverty in the 1940s. We learn how the psychologist Kenneth Clark subsequently linked Harlem’s slum conditions with the persistence of black powerlessness, and we follow the controversy over Daniel Patrick Moynihan’s report on the black family. We see how the sociologist William Julius Wilson redefined the debate about urban America as middle-class African Americans increasingly escaped the ghetto and the country retreated from racially specific remedies. And we trace the education reformer Geoffrey Canada’s efforts to transform the lives of inner-city children with ambitious interventions, even as other reformers sought to help families escape their neighborhoods altogether. Duneier offers a clear-eyed assessment of the thinkers and doers who have shaped American ideas about urban poverty—and the ghetto. The result is a valuable new estimation of an age-old concept.

Making the Second Ghetto

Race and Housing in Chicago 1940-1960


Author: Arnold R. Hirsch

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226342468

Category: Social Science

Page: 382

View: 4807

In Making the Second Ghetto, Arnold Hirsch argues that in the post-depression years Chicago was a "pioneer in developing concepts and devices" for housing segregation. Hirsch shows that the legal framework for the national urban renewal effort was forged in the heat generated by the racial struggles waged on Chicago's South Side. His chronicle of the strategies used by ethnic, political, and business interests in reaction to the great migration of southern blacks in the 1940s describes how the violent reaction of an emergent "white" population combined with public policy to segregate the city. "In this excellent, intricate, and meticulously researched study, Hirsch exposes the social engineering of the post-war ghetto."—Roma Barnes, Journal of American Studies "According to Arnold Hirsch, Chicago's postwar housing projects were a colossal exercise in moral deception. . . . [An] excellent study of public policy gone astray."—Ron Grossman, Chicago Tribune "An informative and provocative account of critical aspects of the process in [Chicago]. . . . A good and useful book."—Zane Miller, Reviews in American History "A valuable and important book."—Allan Spear, Journal of American History

Holocaust City

The Making of a Jewish Ghetto


Author: Tim Cole

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135307008

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4245

Drawing from the ideas of critical geography and based on extensive archival research, Cole brilliantly reconstructs the formation of the Jewish ghetto during the Holocaust, focusing primarily on the ghetto in Budapest, Hungary--one of the largest created during the war, but rarely examined. Cole maps the city illustrating how spaces--cafes, theaters, bars, bathhouses--became divided in two. Throughout the book, Cole discusses how the creation of this Jewish ghetto, just like the others being built across occupied Europe, tells us a great deal about the nature of Nazism, what life was like under Nazi-occupation, and the role the ghetto actually played in the Final Solution.



Author: N.A

Publisher: Trolley Limited


Category: Photography

Page: 513

View: 3240

Adam Broomberg and Oliver Chanarin visited 12 communities. Spending a month in each, they photographed people and asked the same questions: Who is in power here? Where do you go to be alone, to make love, to be with friends? What are your hopes and dreams?. This is a collection of their results.

Ghetto at the Center of the World

Chungking Mansions, Hong Kong


Author: Gordon Mathews

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226510204

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 241

View: 6736

There is nowhere else in the world quite like Chungking Mansions, a dilapidated seventeen-story commercial and residential structure in the heart of Hong Kong’s tourist district. A remarkably motley group of people call the building home; Pakistani phone stall operators, Chinese guesthouse workers, Nepalese heroin addicts, Indonesian sex workers, and traders and asylum seekers from all over Asia and Africa live and work there—even backpacking tourists rent rooms. In short, it is possibly the most globalized spot on the planet. But as Ghetto at the Center of the World shows us, a trip to Chungking Mansions reveals a far less glamorous side of globalization. A world away from the gleaming headquarters of multinational corporations, Chungking Mansions is emblematic of the way globalization actually works for most of the world’s people. Gordon Mathews’s intimate portrayal of the building’s polyethnic residents lays bare their intricate connections to the international circulation of goods, money, and ideas. We come to understand the day-to-day realities of globalization through the stories of entrepreneurs from Africa carting cell phones in their luggage to sell back home and temporary workers from South Asia struggling to earn money to bring to their families. And we see that this so-called ghetto—which inspires fear in many of Hong Kong’s other residents, despite its low crime rate—is not a place of darkness and desperation but a beacon of hope. Gordon Mathews’s compendium of riveting stories enthralls and instructs in equal measure, making Ghetto at the Center of the World not just a fascinating tour of a singular place but also a peek into the future of life on our shrinking planet.

Ghetto in Flames

The Struggle and Destruction of the Jews in Vilna in the Holocaust


Author: Yitzhak Arad

Publisher: KTAV Publishing House, Inc.


Category: History

Page: 500

View: 5881

Describes the struggles of the Jewish population of Vilna to survive and resist their persecution by the Nazis during World War II

The Ghetto


Author: Louis Wirth

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412836999

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 8912

The Ghetto traces back to the medieval era the Jewish immigrant colonies that have virtually disappeared from our modern cities--to be replaced by other ghettoes. Analytical as well as historical, Wirth's book lays bare the rich inner life hidden behind the drab exterior of the ghetto. The book describes the significant physical, social, and psychic influences of ghetto life upon the Jews. Wirth demonstrates that the economic life of the modern Jew still reflects the impress of the social isolation of ghetto life; at first self-imposed, later formalized, and finally imposed by others through a variety of extralegal mechanisms.

Cities and Race

America's New Black Ghetto


Author: David Wilson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134246307

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 6236

This fascinating book examines the 1990s rise of a new black ghetto in rust belt America, 'the global ghetto'. It uses the emergent perspective of 'racial economy' to delineate a fundamental proposition; historically neglected and marginalized black ghettos, in a 1990s era of societal boom and bust, have become more impoverished, more stigmatized, and functionally ambiguous as areas. As these ghettos grow in size and become more stigmatized entities in contemporary society, our understanding of them in relation to evolving cities and society has not kept pace. This book looks to the heart of this misunderstanding, to find out how race and political economy in cities dynamically connect in new ways ('racial economy') to deepen deprivation in these areas. This book is an essential read for students of geography, urban studies and sociology.

In and Out of the Ghetto

Jewish-Gentile Relations in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany


Author: R. Po-Chia Hsia,Hartmut Lehmann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521522892

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 1507

A comprehensive account of Jewish-Gentile relations in central Europe from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century.

The Ghetto

Contemporary Global Issues and Controversies


Author: Ray Hutchison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429976143

Category: Social Science

Page: 386

View: 347

Too often the term ?ghetto? is simply applied to any African American community, to the inner city as a whole, or recently to anything that is degraded or unrefined. But what is a ghetto? Does it arise organically from cities, or is it a consequence of social conflict and government policy? Are the banlieues, barrios, favelas, shantytowns, and slums of Europe, South America, and other continents similar to the American ghetto?The Ghetto invites us to reexamine our assumptions by addressing these and other critical questions. Concise, original essays from top scholars around the world clearly describe essential arguments and discoveries, making the current discussion of marginalized urban spaces accessible for all readers and students of urban studies and sociology.

Out of the Ghetto

The Social Background of Jewish Emancipation, 1770-1870


Author: Jacob Katz

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815605324

Category: History

Page: 271

View: 1648

From both Jewish and non-Jewish viewpoints, this study presents the developing interrelationship between Jews and their Gentile environment from 1770 to 1870. It covers the upheaval of the French Revolution, the loosening of bonds between church and state, and the ideas of the Enlightenment.

The Medici State and the Ghetto of Florence

The Construction of an Early Modern Jewish Community


Author: Stefanie Beth Siegmund

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804750783

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 9299

This book explores the decision of Grand Duke Cosimo I de' Medici to create a ghetto in Florence, and explains how a Jewish community developed out of that forced population transfer.

Berlin Ghetto

Herbert Baum and the Anti-Fascist Resistance


Author: Eric Brothers,Elie Wiesel

Publisher: The History Press

ISBN: 0752483595

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 2506

With a foreword by Elie Wiesel, the first book to tell the complete story of Herbert Baum and the Jewish antifascist resistance in Nazi Berlin This fascinating book tells the story of a group of young Jewish people who had lives filled with intellectual exploration, intense friendships and romances, and dangerous and illegal political action, during one of the most anti-Semitic and regressive regimes in history. The roots of Jewish antifascism in the Communist, Socialist, and Jewish youth movements of pre-Nazi working class Berlin are examined in this book. The complete story of Herbert Baum and Jewish antifascism is told through oral and written testimony of survivors, friends, and relatives of group members; Nazi trial documents; and primary documents of the period. Everything fell apart in May of 1942, however, when Baum and a few others went into the massive anti-Soviet and anti-Semitic Nazi propaganda exhibition Das Sowjet-Paradies (Soviet Paradise) and set off several small explosive devices. Unfortunately, a comrade of Baum's was interrogated by the Gestapo and under duress gave them a list of names of many people associated with Herbert Baum. Little by little, people were arrested, put on trial and executed or sent to death camps. This book is a testament to Jewish antifascist resistance in Nazi Germany.

In the Ghettos

Teens who Survived the Ghettos of the Holocaust


Author: Eleanor H. Ayer

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780823928453

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 9950

Chronicles the deportation of Jews into ghettos during Hitler's Third Reich and presents the narratives of three individuals who, as teenagers, lived in the ghettos of Lodz, Theresienstadt, and Warsaw and survived physical deprivations, abuse, and deportation to the death camps.

Preachers of the Italian Ghetto


Author: David B. Ruderman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520077355

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 6063

"What was the role of the preacher as a shaper of Jewish culture? How did he present his ideas to the audience? In what way did he serve as a bridge between the ghetto and the world outside, between old and new conventions, and between elite and popular modes of thought? Judah Moscato in Mantua, Judah del Bene in Ferrara, Azariah Figo in Pisa and Venice, Leon Modena in Venice, Samuel Judah Katzenellenbogen in Padua, Abraham of Sant'Angelo in Bologna, and Isaac de Lattes in Mantua, Venice, and elsewhere are the rabbis whose published sermons the authors investigate. Among the subjects they consider are the influences of Renaissance and Baroque thinking on the content and style of the sermons, the interplay of ideas and speaking techniques with the Christian world, the "popularization" of the kabbalah, and the eulogy as a successful new form of sermon in Jewish society. The story of how these preachers reflected and shaped the culture of their listeners, who felt the pressure of cramped urban life as well as political, economic, and religious persecution, is finally beginning to be told."--BOOK JACKET.

Dark Ghetto

Dilemmas of Social Power


Author: Kenneth B. Clark

Publisher: Wesleyan University Press

ISBN: 9780819562265

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 6367

Describes how the ghetto separates Blacks not only from white people, but also from opportunities and resources.

Life In The Ghettos During The Holocaust


Author: Eric Sterling

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815608035

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 4759

Unlike many Holocaust books, which deal primarily with the concentration camps, this book focuses on Jewish life before Jews lost their autonomy and fell totally under Nazi power. These essays concern various aspects of Jewish daily life and governance, such as the Judenrat, the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, religious life, housing, death, smuggling, art, and the struggle for survival while under siege by the Nazi regime. Written by survivors of the ghettos throughout Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary, this collection contains historical and cultural articles by prominent scholars, an essay on Holocaust theatre, and an article on teaching the Holocaust to students.

The Ghetto

A Drama in Four Acts


Author: Herman Heijermans

Publisher: N.A


Category: Jews in drama

Page: 144

View: 4342

Pseud.: Samuel Falkland.