Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie

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Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 7577

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.

Geometry and Topology

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Author: Miles Reid,Balazs Szendroi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521848893

Category: Mathematics

Page: 196

View: 2812

Geometry provides a whole range of views on the universe, serving as the inspiration, technical toolkit and ultimate goal for many branches of mathematics and physics. This book introduces the ideas of geometry, and includes a generous supply of simple explanations and examples. The treatment emphasises coordinate systems and the coordinate changes that generate symmetries. The discussion moves from Euclidean to non-Euclidean geometries, including spherical and hyperbolic geometry, and then on to affine and projective linear geometries. Group theory is introduced to treat geometric symmetries, leading to the unification of geometry and group theory in the Erlangen program. An introduction to basic topology follows, with the Möbius strip, the Klein bottle and the surface with g handles exemplifying quotient topologies and the homeomorphism problem. Topology combines with group theory to yield the geometry of transformation groups,having applications to relativity theory and quantum mechanics. A final chapter features historical discussions and indications for further reading. With minimal prerequisites, the book provides a first glimpse of many research topics in modern algebra, geometry and theoretical physics. The book is based on many years' teaching experience, and is thoroughly class-tested. There are copious illustrations, and each chapter ends with a wide supply of exercises. Further teaching material is available for teachers via the web, including assignable problem sheets with solutions.

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie

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Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 9783034809856

Category: Mathematics

Page: 163

View: 1019

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Nach einer Einführung in grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie wird der Jordansche Kurvensatz für Polygonzüge bewiesen und damit eine erste Idee davon vermittelt, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. In der zweiten Auflage habe ich eine Reihe von Textstellen leicht überarbeitet und einige Fehler berichtigt.

Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology, Volume 1

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Author: William P. Thurston

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400865328

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 9337

This book develops some of the extraordinary richness, beauty, and power of geometry in two and three dimensions, and the strong connection of geometry with topology. Hyperbolic geometry is the star. A strong effort has been made to convey not just denatured formal reasoning (definitions, theorems, and proofs), but a living feeling for the subject. There are many figures, examples, and exercises of varying difficulty. This book was the origin of a grand scheme developed by Thurston that is now coming to fruition. In the 1920s and 1930s the mathematics of two-dimensional spaces was formalized. It was Thurston's goal to do the same for three-dimensional spaces. To do this, he had to establish the strong connection of geometry to topology--the study of qualitative questions about geometrical structures. The author created a new set of concepts, and the expression "Thurston-type geometry" has become a commonplace. Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology had its origins in the form of notes for a graduate course the author taught at Princeton University between 1978 and 1980. Thurston shared his notes, duplicating and sending them to whoever requested them. Eventually, the mailing list grew to more than one thousand names. The book is the culmination of two decades of research and has become the most important and influential text in the field. Its content also provided the methods needed to solve one of mathematics' oldest unsolved problems--the Poincaré Conjecture. In 2005 Thurston won the first AMS Book Prize, for Three-dimensional Geometry and Topology. The prize recognizes an outstanding research book that makes a seminal contribution to the research literature. Thurston received the Fields Medal, the mathematical equivalent of the Nobel Prize, in 1982 for the depth and originality of his contributions to mathematics. In 1979 he was awarded the Alan T. Waterman Award, which recognizes an outstanding young researcher in any field of science or engineering supported by the National Science Foundation.

Geometry and Topology

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Author: George Stratopoulos

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789971506780

Category: Mathematics

Page: 331

View: 4315

This volume presents some of the longstanding research problems of Geometry and Topology. It includes new aspects of mathematical research problems that will be of greatest value to all scientists working within these areas.

Differential Geometry and Topology, Discrete and Computational Geometry

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Author: Mohamed Boucetta,J.-M. Morvan

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 158603507X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 373

View: 7841

The aim of this volume is to give an introduction and overview to differential topology, differential geometry and computational geometry with an emphasis on some interconnections between these three domains of mathematics. The chapters give the background required to begin research in these fields or at their interfaces. They introduce new research domains and both old and new conjectures in these different subjects show some interaction between other sciences close to mathematics. Topics discussed are; the basis of differential topology and combinatorial topology, the link between differential geometry and topology, Riemanian geometry (Levi-Civita connextion, curvature tensor, geodesic, completeness and curvature tensor), characteristic classes (to associate every fibre bundle with isomorphic fiber bundles), the link between differential geometry and the geometry of non smooth objects, computational geometry and concrete applications such as structural geology and graphism.

Geometry and Topology, Aarhus

Conference on Geometry and Topology, August 10-16, 1998, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

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Author: Karsten Grove,Ib Henning Madsen,Erik Kjær Pedersen,American Mathematical Society

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082182158X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 393

View: 4138

This volume includes both survey and research articles on major advances and future developments in geometry and topology. Papers include those presented as part of the 5th Aarhus Conference - a meeting of international participants held in connection with ICM Berlin in 1998 - and related papers on the subject. This collection of papers is aptly published in the ""Contemporary Mathematics"" series, as the works represent the state of research and address areas of future development in the area of manifold theory and geometry. The survey articles in particular would serve well as supplemental resources in related graduate courses.

Geometry and Topology of Submanifolds, X

Differential Geometry in Honor of Prof. S.S. Chern : Peking University, China, 29 Aug.-3 Sept. 1999 [and] TU Berlin, Germany, 26-28 Nov. 1999

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Author: Weihuan Chen

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810244767

Category: Mathematics

Page: 345

View: 8030

http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/4569

The Geometry and Topology of Coxeter Groups

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Author: Michael Davis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691131384

Category: Mathematics

Page: 584

View: 7460

The Geometry and Topology of Coxeter Groups is a comprehensive and authoritative treatment of Coxeter groups from the viewpoint of geometric group theory. Groups generated by reflections are ubiquitous in mathematics, and there are classical examples of reflection groups in spherical, Euclidean, and hyperbolic geometry. Any Coxeter group can be realized as a group generated by reflection on a certain contractible cell complex, and this complex is the principal subject of this book. The book explains a theorem of Moussong that demonstrates that a polyhedral metric on this cell complex is nonpositively curved, meaning that Coxeter groups are "CAT(0) groups." The book describes the reflection group trick, one of the most potent sources of examples of aspherical manifolds. And the book discusses many important topics in geometric group theory and topology, including Hopf's theory of ends; contractible manifolds and homology spheres; the Poincaré Conjecture; and Gromov's theory of CAT(0) spaces and groups. Finally, the book examines connections between Coxeter groups and some of topology's most famous open problems concerning aspherical manifolds, such as the Euler Characteristic Conjecture and the Borel and Singer conjectures.

Algebraic K-Theory: Connections with Geometry and Topology

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Author: John Jardine,V.P. Snaith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792302926

Category: Mathematics

Page: 550

View: 7135

A NATO Advanced Study Institute entitled "Algebraic K-theory: Connections with Geometry and Topology" was held at the Chateau Lake Louise, Lake Louise, Alberta, Canada from December 7 to December 11 of 1987. This meeting was jointly supported by NATO and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, and was sponsored in part by the Canadian Mathematical Society. This book is the volume of proceedings for that meeting. Algebraic K-theory is essentially the study of homotopy invariants arising from rings and their associated matrix groups. More importantly perhaps, the subject has become central to the study of the relationship between Topology, Algebraic Geometry and Number Theory. It draws on all of these fields as a subject in its own right, but it serves as well as an effective translator for the application of concepts from one field in another. The papers in this volume are representative of the current state of the subject. They are, for the most part, research papers which are primarily of interest to researchers in the field and to those aspiring to be such. There is a section on problems in this volume which should be of particular interest to students; it contains a discussion of the problems from Gersten's well-known list of 1973, as well as a short list of new problems.

Geometry and Topology of Configuration Spaces

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Author: Edward R. Fadell,Sufian Y. Husseini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540666691

Category: Mathematics

Page: 313

View: 1860

With applications in mind, this self-contained monograph provides a coherent and thorough treatment of the configuration spaces of Euclidean spaces and spheres, making the subject accessible to researchers and graduates with a minimal background in classical homotopy theory and algebraic topology.

Perspectives in Analysis, Geometry, and Topology

On the Occasion of the 60th Birthday of Oleg Viro

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Author: Ilia Itenberg,Burglind Jöricke,Mikael Passare

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817682775

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 5522

The articles in this volume are invited papers from the Marcus Wallenberg symposium and focus on research topics that bridge the gap between analysis, geometry, and topology. The encounters between these three fields are widespread and often provide impetus for major breakthroughs in applications. Topics include new developments in low dimensional topology related to invariants of links and three and four manifolds; Perelman's spectacular proof of the Poincare conjecture; and the recent advances made in algebraic, complex, symplectic, and tropical geometry.

An Introduction to the Geometry and Topology of Fluid Flows

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Author: Renzo L. Ricca

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402002076

Category: Science

Page: 347

View: 9937

Leading experts present a unique, invaluable introduction to the study of the geometry and typology of fluid flows. From basic motions on curves and surfaces to the recent developments in knots and links, the reader is gradually led to explore the fascinating world of geometric and topological fluid mechanics. Geodesics and chaotic orbits, magnetic knots and vortex links, continual flows and singularities become alive with more than 160 figures and examples. In the opening article, H. K. Moffatt sets the pace, proposing eight outstanding problems for the 21st century. The book goes on to provide concepts and techniques for tackling these and many other interesting open problems.

Discrete Geometry and Topology

On the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Boris Nikolaevich Delone : Collection of Papers

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Author: Boris Nikolaevich Delone,Sergeĭ Petrovich Novikov,S. P. Novikov,American Mathematical Society

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821831472

Category: Mathematics

Page: 193

View: 8263

This collection of papers honors the 100th anniversary of the birth of Boris Nikolaevich Delone, whose mathematical interests centered on the geometry of positive quadratic forms. After an initial paper presenting an account of Delone's life, including his scientific work, the book centers on discrete geometry and combinatorics. The book presents new methods that permit a description of the structure of some $L$-bodies and $L$-partitionings and that, in many cases, provide a definitive description. Also studied are combinatorial-topological problems arising in the statistical Ising model, the disposition of finite point sets in convex bodies of high dimension under certain conditions, and investigations of regular partitionings of spaces of constant curvature.

Invitations to Geometry and Topology

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Author: Martin R. Bridson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198507727

Category: Mathematics

Page: 327

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This volume presents an array of topics that introduce the reader to key ideas in active areas in geometry and topology. The material is presented in a way that both graduate students and researchers should find accessible and enticing. The topics covered range from Morse theory and complex geometry theory to geometric group theory, and are accompanied by exercises that are designed to deepen the reader's understanding and to guide them in exciting directions for future investigation. The editors, M.R. Bridson and S.M. Salamon, have each written an article and are accompanied by A.J. Berrick; M.C. Crabb and A.J.B Potter; M. Eastwood and J. Sawon; M.A. Guest; N.J. Hitchin and J.Seade.

Geometry and Topology in Dynamics

AMS Special Session on Topology in Dynamics Held in Winston-Salem, NC, October 9-10, 1998 : AMS-AWM Special Session on Geometry in Dynamics Held in San Antonio, TX, January 13-16, 1999

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Author: Marcy Barge,Ams Special Session on Topology in Dynamics,Krystyna Kuperberg,American Mathematical Society

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821819585

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 6820

This volume consists of the written presentations of lectures given at two special sessions: the AMS Special Session on Topology in Dynamics (Winston-Salem, NC) and the AMS-AWM Special Session on Geometry in Dynamics (San Antonio, TX). Each article concerns aspects of the topology or geometry of dynamical systems. Topics covered include the following: foliations and laminations, iterated function systems, the three-body problem, isotopy stability, homoclinic tangles, fractal dimension, Morse homology, knotted orbits, inverse limits, contact structures, Grassmanians, blowups, and continua. New results are presented reflecting current trends in topological aspects of dynamical systems. The book offers a wide variety of topics of special interest to those working this area bridging topology and dynamical systems.

Topology and Geometry

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Author: Glen E. Bredon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475768486

Category: Mathematics

Page: 131

View: 5608

This book offers an introductory course in algebraic topology. Starting with general topology, it discusses differentiable manifolds, cohomology, products and duality, the fundamental group, homology theory, and homotopy theory. From the reviews: "An interesting and original graduate text in topology and geometry...a good lecturer can use this text to create a fine course....A beginning graduate student can use this text to learn a great deal of mathematics."—-MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

Geometry and Topology of Submanifolds IX

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Author: F. Defever,J. M. Morvan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810238971

Category: Mathematics

Page: 236

View: 1360

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Singularities in Geometry and Topology

Proceedings of the Trieste Singularity Summer School and Workshop, ICTP, Trieste, Italy, 15 August - 3 September 2005

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Author: Jean-Paul Brasselet

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981270681X

Category: Mathematical physics

Page: 916

View: 5459

Singularity theory appears in numerous branches of mathematics, as well as in many emerging areas such as robotics, control theory, imaging, and various evolving areas in physics. The purpose of this proceedings volume is to cover recent developments in singularity theory and to introduce young researchers from developing countries to singularities in geometry and topology. The contributions discuss singularities in both complex and real geometry. As such, they provide a natural continuation of the previous school on singularities held at ICTP (1991), which is recognized as having had a major influence in the field.

Geometry and Topology for Mesh Generation

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Author: Herbert Edelsbrunner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521793094

Category: Mathematics

Page: 177

View: 3072

The book combines topics in mathematics (geometry and topology), computer science (algorithms), and engineering (mesh generation). The original motivation for these topics was the difficulty faced (both conceptually and in the technical execution) in any attempt to combine elements of combinatorial and of numerical algorithms. Mesh generation is a topic where a meaningful combination of these different approaches to problem solving is inevitable. The book develops methods from both areas that are amenable to combination, and explains recent breakthrough solutions to meshing that fit into this category.The book should be an ideal graduate text for courses on mesh generation. The specific material is selected giving preference to topics that are elementary, attractive, lend themselves to teaching, useful, and interesting.