Geology of U.S. Parklands

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Author: Eugene P. Kiver,David V. Harris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471332183

Category: Science

Page: 902

View: 3528

A fascinating and accessible introduction to the principles of physical and historical geology. For the millions who visit them each year, U.S. national parklands offer a glittering spectacle of natural wonders. But beyond the spectacular scenery, these national treasures have a much bigger, more awe–inspiring tale to tell––a sprawling story of upheaval and transformation, involving forces and time–spans almost beyond imagining. The purpose of this book is to provide you with the knowledge you need to read and interpret that story, and to make visits to the parklands even more special. Requiring no prior familiarity with the geological sciences, this region–by–region exploration of the U.S. parklands teaches the principles of physical and historical geology by example. It begins with a general introduction to all important concepts, terms, and principles. In the chapters that follow, the authors take you on a tour through the geological regions of the United States. Beginning with Hawaii and the Pacific borderlands and moving progressively eastward to the Appalachian Mountains and the coastal plains of the East Coast, they provide you with a geologist′s–eye view of the landforms, mountains, and bodies of water encountered in over 70 national parks and monuments, and tell the fascinating story of their evolution. Lavishly illustrated with nearly 300 stunning photographs and maps and featuring greatly expanded coverage of the geological story, history, and culture of U.S. parks and monuments, this new edition of Dr. David Harris′s classic text is an ideal introduction to the principles of geology for students and nature enthusiasts alike.

Written in Stone

A Geological History of the Northeastern United States

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Author: Chet Raymo,Maureen E. Raymo

Publisher: Black Dome Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 163

View: 2528

In this journey through 500 million years, Written in Stone translates the slow motion of geologic time into a gripping account of the tearing down and reconstruction of the land, fossil records, past climates, the birth of oceans, the rifting of the ocean floor, the movement of glaciers, the evolution of plants and animals, and the coming of manthe forces that shaped our familiar landscape from New Jersey to Maine. Continents collide, oceans disappear, mountain ranges rise and fall, and mass extinctions decimate entire species. Written in vivid, non-technical prose by two university professorsa father and daughter teamthe book traces the geologic changes in the American northeast since the continent perched on the equator and dinosaurs were young. An indispensable reference, including charts, maps, timelines & illustrations.

Geology and Landscape Evolution

General Principles Applied to the United States

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Author: Joseph A. DiPietro

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128111925

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 7850

Geology and Landscape Evolution: General Principles Applied to the United States, Second Edition, is an accessible text that balances interdisciplinary theory and applications within the physical geography, geology, geomorphology and climatology of the United States. The vast diversity of terrain and landscape across the United States makes this an ideal tool for geoscientists worldwide who research the country’s geological and landscape evolution. The book provides an explanation of how landscape forms, how it evolves and why it looks the way it does. This new edition is fully updated with greater detail throughout and additional figures, maps, drawings and photographs. Rather than limiting the coverage specifically to tectonics or to the origin and evolution of rocks with little regard for the actual landscape beyond general desert, river and glacial features, this book concentrates specifically on the origin of the landscape itself, with specific and exhaustive reference to examples from across the United States. The book begins with a discussion of how rock type and rock structure combine with tectonic activity, climate, isostasy and sea level change to produce landscape and then explores predicting how landscape will evolve. The book goes on to apply those concepts to specific examples throughout the United States, making it a valuable resource for understanding theoretical geological concepts through a practical lens. Presents the complexities of physical geography, geology, geomorphology and climatology of the United States through an interdisciplinary, highly accessible approach Offers hundreds of full-color figures, maps and photographs that capture the systematic interaction of land, rock, rivers, glaciers, global wind patterns and climate, including Google Earth images Provides a thorough assessment of the logic, rationale, and tools required to understand how to interpret landscape and the geological history of the Earth Features exercises that conclude each chapter, aiding in the retention of key concepts Updated with greater detail throughout and additional figures, maps, drawings and photographs Includes additional subheadings so that material is easier to find and digest Includes an all-new chapter on glaciation and expanded exercises using Google Earth images to enhance understanding

Rough-Hewn Land

A Geologic Journey from California to the Rocky Mountains

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Author: Keith Heyer Meldahl

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520275772

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 9372

"Rough-Hewn Land tells the geologic story of the American West--the story of its rocks, rivers, mountains, earthquakes, and mineral wealth, including gold. It tells it by taking you on a 1000-mile-long field trip across the rough side of the continent from the California coast to the Rocky Mountains. This book puts you on the outcrop, geologic hammer in hand, to explore the evidence for how the spectacular, rough-hewn lands of the West came to be. When North America broke free from Eurasia and Africa some 200 million years ago, it triggered a cascade of violent geologic events that shaped the West we see today. As the west-moving continent crunched across the seabed of the ancient Pacific, islands and assorted pieces of ocean floor collected against its prow to build California--and plant gold there too. Meanwhile, mountains squeezed upward from California to Colorado, and vast quantities of molten rock seeded the crust with precious metals while spewing volcanic fire across the land. Later, the land stretched like an accordion to form the washboard-like Basin and Range province and Great Basin within it, while California began to crackle along the San Andreas fault. Throughout the West today, a near-constant drumroll of earthquakes testifies to a world still reshaping itself in response to the ceaseless movements of the Earth's tectonic plates. Rough-Hewn Land weaves these stories into the human history of the West. As we follow the adventures of John C. Frémont, Mark Twain, the Donner party, and other historic characters, we see how geologic forces have shaped human experience, just as they direct the fate of the West today"--

Geology of the United States' Seafloor

The View from GLORIA

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Author: James V. Gardner,Michael E. Field,David C. Twichell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521020831

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 529

This book presents new, definitive studies of the seafloor adjacent to the United States.

Observations on the Geology of the United States of America

With Some Remarks on the Effect Produced on the Nature and Fertility of Soils, by the Decomposition of the Different Classes of Rocks; and an Application to the Fertility of Every State in the Union, in Reference to the Accompanying Geological Map ...

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Author: William Maclure

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geology

Page: 127

View: 8628

Environmental Geology

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Author: Edward A. Keller

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780321643759

Category: Science

Page: 596

View: 5388

Having originally defined the Environmental Geology course, this is considered the most comprehensive yet readable book for your course level. Keller continues to offer the most detailed, current research available. He covers a wide range of topics, discussing everything from fundamental geologic principles to the specifics of environmental law and geologic hazards, from a truly environmental perspective. The Ninth Edition emphasizes the engineering geology approach, especially in the discussion of soil and rock mechanics and landslides.

Landscape Evolution in the United States

An Introduction to the Geography, Geology, and Natural History

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Author: Joseph A. DiPietro

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123978068

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 2538

Landscape Evolution in the United States is an accessible text that balances interdisciplinary theory and application within the physical geography, geology, geomorphology, and climatology of the United States. Landscape evolution refers to the changing terrain of any given area of the Earth's crust over time. Common causes of evolution (or geomorphology—land morphing into a different size or shape over time) are glacial erosion and deposition, volcanism, earthquakes, tsunamis, tornadoes, sediment transport into rivers, landslides, climate change, and other surface processes. The book is divided into three main parts covering landscape components and how they are affected by climactic, tectonic and ocean systems; varying structural provinces including the Cascadia Volcanic Arc and California Transpressional System; and the formation and collapse of mountain systems. The vast diversity of terrain and landscapes across the United States makes this an ideal tool for geoscientists worldwide who are researching the country’s geological evolution over the past several billion years. Presents the complexities of physical geography, geology, geomorphology, and climatology of the United States through an interdisciplinary, highly accessible approach Offers more than 250 full-color figures, maps and photographs that capture the systematic interaction of land, rock, rivers, glaciers, global wind patterns and climate Provides a thorough assessment of the logic, rationale, and tools required to understand how to interpret landscape and the geological history of the Earth Features exercises that conclude each chapter, aiding in the retention of key concepts

Geology of the Pacific Northwest

Second Edition

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Author: William N. Orr,Elizabeth L. Orr

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478609877

Category: Science

Page: 337

View: 3913

The geologic history of the Pacific Northwest is as unique as the region itself. Created via tectonic plate movements and accretionary events, the original terranes were subsequently covered by sedimentary layers, ash, lavas, and glacial debris. These processes, begun millions of years ago, continue to affect the area, as seen in the eruption of Mount St. Helens and catastrophic Japanese tsunamis created by earthquakes in the Pacific Northwest. Understanding of the regions geology has led to new insight in volcanic eruption prediction, disaster preparedness, the environmental effects of mining, and urban development as it relates to geologic hazards. The Orrs detailed and informative writing style appeals to those with geologic training as well as beginners with an interest in the region. Each chapter covers a specific subregion, allowing for maximum flexibility both in the classroom and for the casual reader. The authors central theme that continental plate tectonics are the fundamental processes of Northwest geologic history permeates throughout the book.

Geology of the Sierra Nevada

Revised Edition

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Author: Mary Hill

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520936942

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 3423

Writing with verve and clarity, Mary Hill tells the story of the magnificent Sierra Nevada—the longest, highest, and most spectacular mountain range in the contiguous United States. Hill takes us from the time before the land which would be California even existed, through the days of roaring volcanoes, violent earthquakes, and chilling ice sheets, to the more recent history of the Sierra's early explorers and the generations of adventuresome souls who followed. The author introduces the rocks of the Sierra Nevada, which tell the mountains' tale, and explains how nature's forces, such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, faulting, erosion, and glaciation formed the range's world-renowned scenery and mineral wealth, including gold. For thirty years, the first edition of Geology of the Sierra Nevada has been the definitive guide to the Sierra Nevada's geological history for nature lovers, travelers, hikers, campers, and armchair explorers. This new edition offers new chapters and sidebars and incorporates the concept of plate tectonics throughout the text. * Written in easy-to-understand language for a wide audience. * Gives detailed information on where to view outstanding Sierra Nevada geology in some of the world's most beloved natural treasures and national parks, including Yosemite. * Provides specific information on places to see glaciers and glacial deposits, caves, and exhibits of gold mines and mining equipment, many from Gold Rush times. * Superbly illustrated with 117 new color illustrations, 16 halftones, 39 line illustrations, and 12 maps, and also features an easy-to-use, interactive key for identifying rocks and a glossary of geological terms.

Roadside Geology of Georgia

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Author: Pamela J. W. Gore,William D. Witherspoon

Publisher: Roadside Geology

ISBN: 9780878426027

Category: Science

Page: 347

View: 6535

Ride along with geologists Pamela Gore and Bill Witherspoon on this extraordinary tour of the Peach State's varied terrain. In 35 detailed and densely illustrated road guides, the authors examine Georgia's fascinating geology and reveal the stories that lie beneath the surface. You'll be amazed at Georgia's geological diversity, from its shifting barrier islands along the coast to the sandstone ridges in its northwest corner. At the Cumberland Island National Seashore you'll find the ruins of Dungeness, the once-magnificent Carnegie estate built of local mineral resources, and encounter wild horses grazing among windswept dunes. In Atlanta, the white whaleback of granite called Stone Mountain will impress you with its protruding cat's eye minerals and stony layers that are sloughing off like the layers of an onion. In the Blue Ridge Mountains you can witness Amicalola Falls, one of the highest cascading waterfalls east of the Mississippi River, and Tallulah Gorge, one the deepest gorges in the eastern United States. And in the iconic Okefenokee Swamp of south Georgia, you'll wade through the gator-filled blackwater of one of the largest wetlands in North America. With its engaging prose and 250-plus color photos, maps, and figures, Roadside Geology of Georgia takes you beyond the rocks to unearth the billion-year history of the Empire State of the South.

Maryland's Geology

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Author: Martin F. Schmidt

Publisher: Schiffer Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780764335938

Category: Pets

Page: 164

View: 3385

Maryland has been called âAmerica in miniature,â because the state embodies a wide range of our nations landscape features. From sandy beaches on the Atlantic Ocean, across flat fields of the Coastal Plain on the Eastern Shore, to the rolling hills and tumbling rivers of the states central counties, and concluding with the mountainous terrain of Western Maryland, the Free States diverse scenery is a result of eons of geological activity. Written for the interested layman or student with no specialized training, this book explains the basics of geological processes, and then shows how they worked to create Marylands beautiful and fascinating landforms. A wealth of diagrams and maps clarify further a text peppered with enlightening analogies. Whether the discussion concerns the different types of weathering, for instance, or the basic kinds of faults or events of plate tectonics, the text and figures combine to help the reader understand how long-ago events produced what we see today. The author not only focuses on the actual landforms and their underlying geology, but also describes the patterns of settlement, farming, mining, manufacturing, and transportation that are all results of the states unique underlying structures.

Geology of National Parks

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Author: Ann G. Harris,Esther Tuttle,Sherwood D. Tuttle

Publisher: Kendall Hunt

ISBN: 9780787299705

Category: Science

Page: 882

View: 8007

Highlights the local history as well as the geologic features and developments of national parks formed by stream erosion and weathering, glaciers and wave action, igneous activity, mountain building and uplift, and ground water.

Roadside Geology of Oregon

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Author: Marli Bryant Miller

Publisher: Roadside Geology

ISBN: 9780878426317

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 9602

"A completely new second edition based on the most up-to-date understanding of Oregon's geology"--Page 4 of cover.

Roadside Geology of Nevada

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Author: Frank DeCourten,Norma Biggar

Publisher: Roadside Geology

ISBN: 9780878426720

Category: Science

Page: 405

View: 2310

The Silver State has some of the most diverse geology in the United States, and much of it lies in plain sight thanks to the arid climate of the Great Basin. --Publisher.

Oregon Geology

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Author: Elizabeth L. Orr,William N. Orr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 360

This extensively updated sixth edition of The Geology of Oregon provides a comprehensive treatment of the state's geologic history and includes illustrations, an extensive bibliography, and biographical sketches of notable geologists.