Geographic Information

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Author: Jenny Marie Johnson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781573563925

Category: Reference

Page: 216

View: 3519

Explores geographic information available through several sources including the Internet and satellite technology, covering such topics as map basics, geographic information systems, and geographical standards.

Cartographic Grounds

Projecting the Landscape Imaginary

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Author: Charles Waldheim,Jil Desimini

Publisher: Chronicle Books

ISBN: 1616895144

Category: Design

Page: 272

View: 5701

Mapping has been one of the most fertile areas of exploration for architecture and landscape in the past few decades. While documenting this shift in representation from the material and physical description toward the depiction of the unseen and often immaterial, Cartographic Grounds takes a critical view toward the current use of data mapping and visualization and calls for a return to traditional cartographic techniques to reimagine the manifestation and manipulation of the ground itself. Each of the ten chapters focuses on a single cartographic technique—sounding/spot elevation, isobath/contour, hachure/hatch, shaded relief, land classification, figure-ground, stratigraphic column, cross-section, line symbol, conventional sign—and illustrates it through beautiful maps and plans from notable designers and cartographers throughout history, from Leonardo da Vinci to James Corner Field Operations. Mohsen Mostafavi, dean of the Harvard Graduate School of Design, introduces the book.

Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures

Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Social Studies

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Author: Robert Maxwell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483223078

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 340

View: 2709

Introduction to Geological Maps and Structures deals with the preparation of geological maps using topographic contours such as hills, valleys, rock outcrop patterns, faults, veins, rivers, lakes, cliffs, and coasts. A geological formation is a three-dimensional body with a particular shape. Two factors determine the accuracy of boundaries on a geological map: 1) boundaries can only be drawn where there is a sharp contact between adjacent formations; and 2) the ability to follow geological boundaries in the field depends on the degree of exposure, from which the solid rocks tend to be hidden under a cover of soil and superficial deposits. If economic interests are involved, geological maps are very detailed: subsurface information obtained from bore holes and mine workings can be added to surface mapping. The book also describes the construction of a tectonic map, usually drawn on a larger scale, which shows the outcrop of lithostratigraphic units also in very large scales. The book notes that no systematic methodology has yet been developed for the construction of tectonic maps. The book is suitable for geologists, students, or scientists involved in hydrology, meteorology and with general earth sciences.

Geological maps: An Introduction

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Author: Alex Maltman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468466623

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 5234

A recent national survey of geology students indicated that, In a subject so fundamental and yet so varied, every although they saw the need for a basic training in map geologist will have his own views on geological maps - the work, the three-dimensional aspects involved formed the matters needing emphasis, the best methods of interpreta single most difficult part of an introductory geology tion, good examples of maps, and so on. Instructors may course, and that it was generally taught in a way both ab therefore urge in their taught courses different priorities stract and dull. At the same time, there was no book which from those given here, and, although a wide range of maps puzzled students could turn to for explanations; no book and map exercises is included, will prefer to continue to which told them more about real geological maps. This use their own 'pet' examples. But this is meant primarily to book is an attempt to fill that need. It is based on the view be a book for the student - to turn to for clarification, for that in these days of increasing specialisation the geological further information, and simply to learn a little more about map remains the vital coordinating document, and that the geological maps.

Geology for Civil Engineers, Second Edition

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Author: C. Gribble,A. McLean

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203362152

Category: Architecture

Page: 336

View: 2024

This seasoned textbook introduces geology for civil engineering students. It covers minerals and rocks, superficial deposits and the distribution of rocks at or below the surface. It then looks at groundwater and gives guidance on the exploration of a site before looking at the civil engineering implications of rocks and the main geological factors which affect typical engineering projects.

Foundations of Engineering Geology, Second Edition

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Author: Tony Waltham

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780419248705

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 2505

The second edition of this popular book provides an overview of the main facets of geology for engineers. Comprehensively updated, and with four new sections, Foundations of Engineering Geology is ideal for students and practitioners.

Walford's Guide to Reference Material: Science and technology

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Author: Albert John Walford,Library Association

Publisher: London : Library Association Pub.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 687

View: 4677

A revised and updated guide to reference material. It contains selective and evaluative entries to guide the enquirer to the best source of reference in each subject area, be it journal article, CD-ROM, on-line database, bibliography, encyclopaedia, monograph or directory. It features full critical annotations and reviewers' comments and comprehensive author-title and subject indexes. The contents include: mathematics; astronomy and surveying; physics; chemistry; earth sciences; palaeontology; anthropology; biology; natural history; botany; zoology; patents and interventions; medicine; engineering; transport vehicles; agriculture and livestock; household management; communication; chemical industry; manufactures; industries, trades and crafts; and the building industry.

Geological Structures and Maps

A Practical Guide

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Author: Richard J Lisle

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008049501X

Category: Psychology

Page: 120

View: 6133

This highly illustrated student guide introduces the skills of interpreting a geological map and relating it to the morphology of the most important types of geological structure. Thoroughly revised, and with more international examples, it is ideal for use by students with a minimum of tutorial supervision. Photographs of structures are set alongside their representations on maps. The maps used in exercises have been chosen to provide all of the realism of a survey map without the huge amount of data often present, so that students can develop skills without becoming overwhelmed or confused. In particular, emphasis is placed throughout on developing the skill of three-dimensional visualization so important to the geologist. * Successful practical guide provides a solid introduction to the subject of geological maps * Fully revised edition includes more international examples to increase the breadth of your knowledge * Illustrations and end of chapter questions make this an ideal tool to aid self-guided study

Structural Geology

An Introduction to Geometrical Techniques

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Author: Donal M. Ragan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 393

View: 7351

A revised and expanded edition presenting a modern introduction to geometrical techniques used in structural geology--designed for a one-semester basic course. Incorporating the latest techniques developed since publication of the second edition, it includes a new chapter on thrust faults, an integrated discussion of the accuracy of field measurements, many worked-out problems, and a new appendix on spherical trigonometry.

Geological Maps

Their Solution and Interpretation

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Author: T. Bolton

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521361583

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 7030

This textbook is designed to aid the student in geological map interpretation. The book starts with basic concepts such as dip and strike, and progresses through a variety of exercises based on folds, faults and unconformities, up to and including the interpretation of Geological Survey Maps. In order to give a sense of reality to the text, frequent reference is made to actual examples on which many of the problem maps are based. Also included in the text are exercises concerned with bore-hole interpretation and correlation. The book, which is in two sections, is unique in that the second section contains worked solutions to the questions set in the first half.

3-D Structural Geology

A Practical Guide to Surface and Subsurface Map Interpretation

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Author: Richard H. Groshong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540654223

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 4845

This is a handbook of practical techniques for making the best possible interpretation of geological structures at the map scale and for extracting the maximum amount of information from surface and subsurface maps. Quantitative methods are emphasized throughout and analytical solutions are given. Interpretation strategies are defined for GIS or CAD users, yet are simple enough to be done by hand. This book will help users produce better geological maps, judge the quality of existing maps, and locate and fix mapping errors.

Geologie fÃ1⁄4r Dummies

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Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527687483

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 6262

Fragen Sie sich auch manchmal, warum die Erde so aussieht wie sie aussieht? Eiszeiten, Vulkanismus, Erosion, Meteoriteneinschlï¿1⁄2ge - unser Planet hat in seiner Geschichte schon einiges mitgemacht. Und so vielgestaltig die Erde aussieht, so umfangreich und komplex ist auch das Thema Geologie. Aber keine Sorge, Alecia Spooner erklï¿1⁄2rt Ihnen leicht verstï¿1⁄2ndlich alles Wichtige, was es zum Thema Geologie zu wissen gibt: von den chemischen Grundlagen und der Bedeutung von Wind und Wasser fï¿1⁄2r die Geowissenschaften bis zur Bildung und Bestimmung von Gesteinen. Sie erfahren alles Wissenswerte zu Konvektion, Plattentektonik, Mineralien, Fossilien, Erdbeben, Oberflï¿1⁄2chenprozessen, den geologischen Zeitaltern und vieles, vieles mehr. Nehmen Sie das Buch zur Hand und bringen Sie die Steine ins Rollen!

The Current Role of Geological Mapping in Geosciences

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Innovative Applications of GIS in Geological Cartography, Kazimierz Dolny, Poland, 24-26 November 2003

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Author: Stanislaw R. Ostaficzuk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402035500

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8672

The book contains private views of experts from various countries on the role of geological mapping in sustainable development. New technologies and concepts are presented, which are either awaiting for recognition by Geological Surveys, or are gradually applied in some survey. The target of the book is well worded in the "Summary and recommendations" elaborated by the Ad Hoc Committee at the Advanced Research Workshop on Innovative Geological Cartography, held under NATO sponsorship in Poland in November 2003. After the "Summaries" were issued by the end of 2003, the authors who presented their views at the Workshop, gave a revised version of their papers with more new ideas and material. Generally, the book is addressed to cartographers in Geological Surveys, geologists and geographers co-operating with landuse planners, ecologists and decision makers, who may learn about the state-of-the-art and the enormous information potential of the modern information technologies in Geosciences. The book, however, gives no methodological recipes but, as it was the authors' intention, may and shall be used as a guide-book in modernizing Information Technologies at the local, regional and national levels in Geosciences.

Applied Subsurface Geological Mapping with Structural Methods

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Author: Daniel J. Tearpock,Richard E. Bischke

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0132441683

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 864

View: 1591

Applied Subsurface Geological Mapping, With Structural Methods, 2nd Edition is the practical, up-to-the-minute guide to the use of subsurface interpretation, mapping, and structural techniques in the search for oil and gas resources. Two of the industry's leading consultants present systematic coverage of the field's key principles and newest advances, offering guidance that is valuable for both exploration and development activities, as well as for "detailed" projects in maturely developed areas. Fully updated and expanded, this edition combines extensive information from the published literature with significant material never before published. The authors introduce superior techniques for every major petroleum-related tectonic setting in the world. Coverage includes: A systematic, ten-step philosophy for subsurface interpretation and mapping The latest computer-based contouring concepts and applications Advanced manual and computer-based log correlation Integration of geophysical data into subsurface interpretations and mapping Cross-section construction: structural, stratigraphic, and problem-solving Interpretation and generation of valid fault, structure, and isochore maps New coverage of 3D seismic interpretation, from project setup through documentation Compressional and extensional structures: balancing and interpretation In-depth new coverage of strike-slip faulting and related structures Growth and correlation consistency techniques: expansion indices, Multiple Bischke Plot Analysis, vertical separation versus depth, and more Numerous field examples from around the world Whatever your role in the adventure of finding and developing oil or gas resources–as a geologist, geophysicist, engineer, technologist, manager or investor–the tools presented in this book can make you significantly more effective in your daily technical or decision-oriented activities.

Earth Materials 2nd Edition

Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology

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Author: Cornelis Klein,Anthony Philpotts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108108008

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1391

This concise, accessible, market-leading textbook brings together the wide-ranging fundamentals students need to understand rocks and minerals, and shows them how they relate to the broader Earth, materials and environmental sciences. Designed specifically for one-semester courses, it is beautifully illustrated to explain the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology. This edition has been fully updated based on classroom experience, and new features include a completely new chapter providing an elementary introduction to thermodynamics, kinetics, radioactive decay and absolute dating; new mineral descriptions and many new stunning color photographs; and a new section on hydraulic fracturing and discussion of some of its most serious potential environmental consequences. The book uses stunning photos of mineral specimens and rock thin sections to help students build a core understanding. It also creates a highly effective learning experience through close integration of clear illustrations with engaging text, and helps students to easily visualize crystal structures through the CrystalViewer's 3D software, available online.