Geographic Information Systems for Transportation

Principles and Applications

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Author: Harvey J. Miller,Shih-Lung Shaw

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195123944

Category: Science

Page: 458

View: 5970

GIS data and tools are revolutionizing transportation research and decision making, allowing transportation analysts and professionals to understand and solve complex transportation problems that were previously impossible. Here, Miller and Shaw present a comprehensive discussion of fundamental geographic science and the applications of these principles using GIS and other software tools. By providing thorough and accessible discussions of transportation analysis within a GIS environment, this volume fills a critical niche in GIS-T and GIS literature.

Geospatial Information Infrastructure for Transportation Organizations

Toward a Foundation for Improved Decision Making

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Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Multimodal Transportation Requirements for Spatial Information Infrastructure

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 0309094682

Category: Geographic information systems

Page: 70

View: 5424

"As a basis for advancing sound decision making, the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) is committed to developing high-quality transportation data and information. With the understanding that geospatial data provide an important infrastructure for managing and integrating information necessary for informed decision making, BTS asked the Transportation Research Board to conduct a project to provide recommendations for improving geospatial information infrastructure among and across all modes of transportation. The objectives of this project were to (a) characterize the current practice in geospatial information technologies in transportation organizations; (b) identify problems and opportunities in coordination, communication, and cooperation on geospatial information among transportation modes; (c) suggest mechanisms for the development, management, and coordination of geospatial information technologies throughout USDOT; and (d) recommend approaches for enhancing geospatial information within transportation organizations. The intent is to provide recommendations to transportation agencies, primarily at the federal level but also at the state and local levels, to enhance decision making through rethinking institutional roles and responsibilities; building capacity and commitment; and augmenting the creation, sharing, and use of geospatial information."--Page viii.

Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128047933

Category: Science

Page: 1474

View: 2818

Geographical Information Systems is a computer system used to capture, store, analyze and display information related to positions on the Earth’s surface. It has the ability to show multiple types of information on multiple geographical locations in a single map, enabling users to assess patterns and relationships between different information points, a crucial component for multiple aspects of modern life and industry. This 3-volumes reference provides an up-to date account of this growing discipline through in-depth reviews authored by leading experts in the field. Covers a rapidly expanding discipline, providing readers with a detailed overview of all aspects of geographic information systems, principles and applications Emphasizes the practical, socioeconomic applications of GIS Provides readers with a reliable, one-stop comprehensive guide, saving them time in searching for the information they need from different sources

GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling

Principles and Applications

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Author: Alberto Pistocchi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118523709

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 4591

Explains how GIS enhances the development of chemical fate and transport models Over the past decade, researchers have discovered that geographic information systems (GIS) are not only excellent tools for managing and displaying maps, but also useful in the analysis of chemical fate and transport in the environment. Among its many benefits, GIS facilitates the identification of critical factors that drive chemical fate and transport. Moreover, GIS makes it easier to communicate and explain key model assumptions. Based on the author's firsthand experience in environmental assessment, GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling explores both GIS and chemical fate and transport modeling fundamentals, creating an interface between the two domains. It then explains how GIS analytical functions enable scientists to develop simple, yet comprehensive spatially explicit chemical fate and transport models that support real-world applications. In addition, the book features: Practical examples of GIS based model calculations that serve as templates for the development of new applications Exercises enabling readers to create their own GIS based models Accompanying website featuring downloadable datasets used in the book's examples and exercises References to the literature, websites, data repositories, and online reports to facilitate further research Coverage of important topics such as spatial decision support systems and multi-criteria analysis as well as ecological and human health risk assessment in a spatial context GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling makes a unique contribution to the environmental sciences by explaining how GIS analytical functions enhance the development and interpretation of chemical fate and transport models. Environmental scientists should turn to this book to gain a deeper understanding of the role of GIS in describing what happens to chemicals when they are released into the environment.

Spatial Decision Support Systems

Principles and Practices

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Author: Ramanathan Sugumaran,John Degroote

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420062120

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 508

View: 7886

Although interest in Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) continues to grow rapidly in a wide range of disciplines, students, planners, managers, and the research community have lacked a book that covers the fundamentals of SDSS along with the advanced design concepts required for building SDSS. Filling this need, Spatial Decision Support Systems: Principles and Practices provides a comprehensive examination of the various aspects of SDSS evolution, components, architecture, and implementation. It integrates research from a variety of disciplines, including the geosciences, to supply a complete overview of SDSS technologies and their application from an interdisciplinary perspective. This groundbreaking reference provides thorough coverage of the roots of SDSS. It explains the core principles of SDSS, how to use them in various decision making contexts, and how to design and develop them using readily available enabling technologies and commercial tools. The book consists of four major parts, each addressing different topic areas in SDSS: Presents an introduction to SDSS and the evolution of SDSS Covers the essential and optional components of SDSS Focuses on the design and implementation of SDSS Reviews SDSS applications from various domains and disciplines—investigating current challenges and future directions The text includes numerous detailed case studies, example applications, and methods for tailoring SDSS to your work environment. It also integrates sample code segments throughout. Addressing the technical and organizational challenges that affect the success or failure of SDSS, the book concludes by considering future directions of this rapidly emerging field of study.

Computing in Geographic Information Systems

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Author: Narayan Panigrahi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482223147

Category: Mathematics

Page: 303

View: 3448

Capable of acquiring large volumes of data through sensors deployed in air, land, and sea, and making this information readily available in a continuous time frame, the science of geographical information system (GIS) is rapidly evolving. This popular information system is emerging as a platform for scientific visualization, simulation, and computation of spatio-temporal data. New computing techniques are being researched and implemented to match the increasing capability of modern-day computing platforms and easy availability of spatio-temporal data. This has led to the need for the design, analysis, development, and optimization of new algorithms for extracting spatio-temporal patterns from a large volume of spatial data. Computing in Geographic Information Systems considers the computational aspects, and helps students understand the mathematical principles of GIS. It provides a deeper understanding of the algorithms and mathematical methods inherent in the process of designing and developing GIS functions. It examines the associated scientific computations along with the applications of computational geometry, differential geometry, and affine geometry in processing spatial data. It also covers the mathematical aspects of geodesy, cartography, map projection, spatial interpolation, spatial statistics, and coordinate transformation. The book discusses the principles of bathymetry and generation of electronic navigation charts. The book consists of 12 chapters. Chapters one through four delve into the modeling and preprocessing of spatial data and prepares the spatial data as input to the GIS system. Chapters five through eight describe the various techniques of computing the spatial data using different geometric and statically techniques. Chapters nine through eleven define the technique for image registration computation and measurements of spatial objects and phenomenon. Examines cartographic modeling and map projection Covers the mathematical aspects of different map projections Explores some of the spatial analysis techniques and applications of GIS Introduces the bathymetric principles and systems generated using bathymetric charts Explains concepts of differential geometry, affine geometry, and computational geometry Discusses popular analysis and measurement methods used in GIS This text outlines the key concepts encompassing GIS and spatio-temporal information, and is intended for students, researchers, and professionals engaged in analysis, visualization, and estimation of spatio-temporal events.

Pavement Asset Management

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Author: Ralph Haas,W. Ronald Hudson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119038839

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 3772

Comprehensive and practical, Pavement Asset Management provides an essential resource for educators, students and those in public agencies and consultancies who are directly responsible for managing road and airport pavements. The book is comprehensive in the integration of activities that go into having safe and cost-effective pavements using the best technologies and management processes available. This is accomplished in seven major parts, and 42 component chapters, ranging from the evolution of pavement management to date requirements to determining needs and priority programming of rehabilitation and maintenance, followed by structural design and economic analysis, implementation of pavement management systems, basic features of working systems and finally by a part on looking ahead. The most current methodologies and practical applications of managing pavements are described in this one-of-a-kind book. Real world up-to-date examples are provided, as well as an extensive list of references for each part.

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Techniques, Applications and Technologies

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Author: Dayna Nielson

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781633212930

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 3978

Sustainability has been increasingly embraced as an overarching policy goal, and communities have been called to be active participants on the path towards attaining a balance between fundamental human needs and ecological resilience. Community-based organizations (CBOs) can benefit from using GIS in building community assets and developing well-conceived sustainability initiatives, but GIS has not yet been widely used for those purposes in CBOs. This book illustrates how geographic information (such as maps) can be useful in community development drawing from service-learning GIS projects, and argue that economic theories of sustainability and spatial thinking can be of help in building sustainable community. It also discusses the application of vehicle routing problems for sustainable waste collection; spatio-temporal visualization and analysis techniques in GIS; GIS applications in modern crop protection; role of geographic information system for water quality evaluation; and the use of remote sensing and GIS for groundwater potential mapping in crystalline basement rocks.

Web GIS

Principles and Applications

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Author: Pinde Fu,Jiulin Sun

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: 9781589482456

Category: Computers

Page: 296

View: 3079

This book offers a balance of principles, concepts, and techniques to guide readers toward an understanding of how the World Wide Web can expand and modernize the way you use GIS technology.--[book cover]

Geographic Information Analysis

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Author: David O'Sullivan,David Unwin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119023874

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 4303

Clear, up-to-date coverage of methods for analyzing geographical information in a GIS context Geographic Information Analysis, Second Edition is fully updated to keep pace with the most recent developments of spatial analysis in a geographic information systems (GIS) environment. Still focusing on the universal aspects of this science, this revised edition includes new coverage on geovisualization and mapping as well as recent developments using local statistics. Building on the fundamentals, this book explores such key concepts as spatial processes, point patterns, and autocorrelation in area data, as well as in continuous fields. Also addressed are methods for combining maps and performing computationally intensive analysis. New chapters tackle mapping, geovisualization, and local statistics, including the Moran Scatterplot and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR). An appendix provides a primer on linear algebra using matrices. Complete with chapter objectives, summaries, "thought exercises," explanatory diagrams, and a chapter-by-chapter bibliography, Geographic Information Analysis is a practical book for students, as well as a valuable resource for researchers and professionals in the industry.

Transportation GIS

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Author: Laura Lang

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: 9781879102477

Category: Science

Page: 118

View: 5397

Whether it is monitoring train locations, tracking flight paths and noise levels, planning for highway maintenance, or improving bus routes, GIS helps private organizations and public agencies improve safety and reduce costs. This book presents a dozen fascinating case studies which use GIS in a wide range of transportation planning and management activities.

Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Second Edition

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Author: Harvey J. Miller,Jiawei Han

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420073980

Category: Computers

Page: 486

View: 5772

The Definitive Volume on Cutting-Edge Exploratory Analysis of Massive Spatial and Spatiotemporal Databases Since the publication of the first edition of Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, new techniques for geographic data warehousing (GDW), spatial data mining, and geovisualization (GVis) have been developed. In addition, there has been a rise in the use of knowledge discovery techniques due to the increasing collection and storage of data on spatiotemporal processes and mobile objects. Incorporating these novel developments, this second edition reflects the current state of the art in the field. New to the Second Edition Updated material on geographic knowledge discovery (GKD), GDW research, map cubes, spatial dependency, spatial clustering methods, clustering techniques for trajectory data, the INGENS 2.0 software, and GVis techniques New chapter on data quality issues in GKD New chapter that presents a tree-based partition querying methodology for medoid computation in large spatial databases New chapter that discusses the use of geographically weighted regression as an exploratory technique New chapter that gives an integrated approach to multivariate analysis and geovisualization Five new chapters on knowledge discovery from spatiotemporal and mobile objects databases Geographic data mining and knowledge discovery is a promising young discipline with many challenging research problems. This book shows that this area represents an important direction in the development of a new generation of spatial analysis tools for data-rich environments. Exploring various problems and possible solutions, it will motivate researchers to develop new methods and applications in this emerging field.

The Geography of Transport Systems

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Author: Jean-Paul Rodrigue,Claude Comtois,Brian Slack

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317210107

Category: Transportation

Page: 440

View: 4190

This expanded and revised fourth edition of The Geography of Transport Systems provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field with a broad overview of its concepts, methods and areas of application. Aimed mainly at an undergraduate audience, it provides an overview of the spatial aspects of transportation and focuses on how the mobility of passengers and freight is linked with geography. The book is divided in ten chapters, each covering a specific conceptual dimension, including networks, modes, terminals, freight transportation, urban transportation and environmental impacts, and updated with the latest information available. The fourth edition offers new material on the issues of transport and the economy, city logistics, supply chains, security, energy, the environment, as well as a revised content structure. With over 160 updated photographs, figures and maps, The Geography of Transport Systems presents transportation systems at different scales ranging from global to local and focuses on different contexts such as North America, Europe and East Asia. This volume is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interested in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering. A companion web site, which contains additional material, has been developed for the book and can be found here: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/

Geographic Information Systems for Geoscientists

Modelling with GIS

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Author: Graeme F. Bonham-Carter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483144941

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 2073

Geographic Information Systems for Geoscientists: Modelling with GIS provides an introduction to the ideas and practice of GIS to students and professionals from a variety of geoscience backgrounds. The emphasis in the book is to show how spatial data from various sources (principally paper maps, digital images and tabular data from point samples) can be captured in a GIS database, manipulated, and transformed to extract particular features in the data, and combined together to produce new derived maps, that are useful for decision-making and for understanding spatial interrelationship. The book begins by defining the meaning, purpose, and functions of GIS. It then illustrates a typical GIS application. Subsequent chapters discuss methods for organizing spatial data in a GIS; data input and data visualization; transformation of spatial data from one data structure to another; and the combination, analysis, and modeling of maps in both raster and vector formats. This book is intended as both a textbook for a course on GIS, and also for those professional geoscientists who wish to understand something about the subject. Readers with a mathematical bent will get more out of the later chapters, but relatively non-numerate individuals will understand the general purpose and approach, and will be able to apply methods of map modeling to clearly-defined problems.

GIS for Environmental Applications

A practical approach

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Author: Xuan Zhu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134094507

Category: Science

Page: 490

View: 4225

GIS for Environmental Applications provides a practical introduction to the principles, methods, techniques and tools in GIS for spatial data management, analysis, modelling and visualisation, and their applications in environmental problem solving and decision making. It covers the fundamental concepts, principles and techniques in spatial data, spatial data management, spatial analysis and modelling, spatial visualisation, spatial interpolation, spatial statistics, and remote sensing data analysis, as well as demonstrates the typical environmental applications of GIS, including terrain analysis, hydrological modelling, land use analysis and modelling, ecological modelling, and ecosystem service valuation. Case studies are used in the text to contextualise these subjects in the real world, examples and detailed tutorials are provided in each chapter to show how the GIS techniques and tools introduced in the chapter can be implemented using ESRI ArcGIS (a popular GIS software system for environmental applications) and other third party extensions to ArcGIS to address. The emphasis is placed on how to apply or implement the concepts and techniques of GIS through illustrative examples with step-by-step instructions and numerous annotated screen shots. The features include: Over 350 figures and tables illustrating how to apply or implement the concepts and techniques of GIS Learning objectives along with the end-of-chapter review questions Authoritative references at the end of each chapter GIS data files for all examples as well as PowerPoint presentations for each chapter downloadable from the companion website. GIS for Environmental Applications weaves theory and practice together, assimilates the most current GIS knowledge and tools relevant to environmental research, management and planning, and provides step-by-step tutorials with practical applications. This volume will be an indispensable resource for any students taking a module on GIS for the environment.

Geographic Information Systems

Applications in Natural Resource Management

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Author: Michael G. Wing,Pete Bettinger

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195426106

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 818

An introduction to natural resource management, Geographic Information Systems provides students with a look at Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and the GIS applications they are likely to encounter in the field. Covering topics such as querying, buffering, clipping, and overlay analysis, Geographic Information Systems also delivers background information on the history of GIS, database creation, editing and acquisition, and map development. It is important to note that this text is not about how to do GIS, but is instead about the potential application of GIS to natural resources management. The applications provided can be extended to any region of the world, although the primary emphasis is on the U.S. and Canada.

GIS for Housing and Urban Development

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Geography,Committee on Review of Geographic Information Systems Research and Applications at HUD: Current Programs and Future Prospects

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309168144

Category: Transportation

Page: 142

View: 3505

The report describes potential applications of geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial analysis by HUD’s Office of Policy Development and Research for understanding housing needs, addressing broader issues of urban poverty and community development, and improving access to information and services by the many users of HUD’s data. It offers a vision of HUD as an important player in providing urban data to federal initiatives towards a spatial data infrastructure for the nation.

Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology

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Author: James Conolly,Mark Lake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521793300

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 5196

Geographical Information Systems has moved from the domain of the computer specialist into the wider archaeological community, providing it with an exciting new research method. This clearly written but rigorous book provides a comprehensive guide to that use. Topics covered include: the theoretical context and the basics of GIS; data acquisition including database design; interpolation of elevation models; exploratory data analysis including spatial queries; statistical spatial analysis; map algebra; spatial operations including the calculation of slope and aspect, filtering and erosion modeling; methods for analysing regions; visibility analysis; network analysis including hydrological modeling; the production of high quality output for paper and electronic publication; and the use and production of metadata. Offering an extensive range of archaeological examples, it is an invaluable source of practical information for all archaeologists, whether engaged in cultural resource management or academic research. This is essential reading for both the novice and the advanced user.

GIS for Critical Infrastructure Protection

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Author: Robert F. Austin,David P. DiSera,Talbot J. Brooks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466599359

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 8987

GIS for Critical Infrastructure Protection highlights the GIS-based technologies that can be used to support critical infrastructure protection and emergency management. The book bridges the gap between theory and practice using real-world applications, real-world case studies, and the authors’ real-world experience. Geared toward infrastructure owners and first responders and their agencies, it addresses gaps in the response, recovery, preparedness planning, and emergency management of large-scale disasters. It also explains the first principles of CIP, introduces the basic components of GIS, and focuses on the application of GIS analysis to identify and mitigate risk and facilitate remediation. In addition, it offers suggestions on how geospatial and emergency response communities can come together—and with combined knowledge—work toward viable solutions for future improvements. Provides a narrative of critical lessons learned through personal experience during the response to Hurricane Katrina Contains examples demonstrating how geospatial technologies may be applied to fire service Summarizes lessons learned from ten community collaboration studies GIS for Critical Infrastructure Protection serves as a reference for infrastructure owner’s police, fire, paramedics, and other government agencies responsible for crisis and emergency response, and critical infrastructure protection. The book benefits first responders and infrastructure owners working to ensure the continued safety and operability of the nation’s infrastructure.