Archaeology

The Science of the Human Past

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Author: Mark Q Sutton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351605224

Category: Social Science

Page: 414

View: 3357

Archaeology: The Science of the Human Past provides an introduction to the broad and fascinating world of archaeology from the scientific perspective. Conveying the exhilaration of archaeological work, it explores the ways archaeologists analyse and interpret evidence. Varying perspectives are considered to provide holistic coverage of archaeological techniques and methods and show how the complexity of the past can be captured by the empirical science of archaeology. The Fifth Edition has been updated and revised to include the latest archaeological approaches and the impact developments in archaeological science have made in recent years. The chapter on bioarchaeology has been completely rewritten to reflect these developments. Archaeology: An Introduction will allow students to understand the theoretical and scientific aspects of archaeology and how various archaeological perspectives and techniques help us understand how and what we know about the past.

Worlds of Gender

The Archaeology of Women's Lives Around the Globe

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Author: Sarah Milledge Nelson

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759113912

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 8460

Part IV of Nelson's 'Handbook of Gender in Archaeology' (2006). Examines the archaeology of women's lives and activities around the globe.

Gender in Archaeology

Analyzing Power and Prestige

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Author: Sarah M. Nelson

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759104956

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 4599

'Gender in Archaeology' provides a feminist theoretical synthesis of the flood of archaeological work on gender. The author examines the roles of women & men in areas as human origins, the sexual division of labour, kinship & other social formations.

Frontier Encounters

Knowledge and Practice at the Russian, Chinese and Mongolian Border

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Author: Franck Billé,Grégory Delaplace,Caroline Humphrey

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 1906924872

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 1407

China and Russia are rising economic and political powers that share thousands of miles of border. Despite their proximity, their interactions with each other - and with their third neighbour Mongolia - are rarely discussed. Although the three countries share a boundary, their traditions, languages and worldviews are remarkably different. Frontier Encounters presents a wide range of views on how the borders between these unique countries are enacted, produced, and crossed. It sheds light on global uncertainties: China's search for energy resources and the employment of its huge population, Russia's fear of Chinese migration, and the precarious independence of Mongolia as its neighbours negotiate to extract its plentiful resources. Bringing together anthropologists, sociologists and economists, this timely collection of essays offers new perspectives on an area that is currently of enormous economic, strategic and geo-political relevance.

Archaeology of Asia

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Author: Miriam T. Stark

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405153032

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 2004

This introduction to the archaeology of Asia focuses on case studies from the region’s last 10,000 years of history. Comprises fifteen chapters by some of the world’s foremost Asia archaeologists Sheds light on the most compelling aspects of Asian archaeology, from the earliest evidence of plant domestication to the emergence of states and empires Explores issues of cross-cultural significance, such as migration, urbanism, and technology Presents original research data that challenges readers to think beyond national and regional boundaries Synthesizes work previously unavailable to western readers

The Archaeology and Politics of Food and Feasting in Early States and Empires

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Author: Tamara L. Bray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306477300

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 3636

Food, along with sex, has long been recognised as one of the most important mainstays of, not only the essence of life, but also of politics. These ten essays present comparative case studies from the Old and New Worlds addressing the political connotations of food and feasting and highlighting the use of 'culinary equipment as a window into the commensual politics of early states and empires'. The contributors present evidence from early Mesopotamia, Egypt, early China, pre-Inca, Inca, Mesoamerican and Aztec societies, looking at the symbolic and political use of food, and at whether feasting was used to create and enforce social boundaries, gender distinctions, social hierarchies, male dominance and so on. Contributors include:

The Gendered Landscape

A Discussion on Gender, Status and Power in the Norwegian Viking Age Landscape

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Author: Marianne Moen

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Oxford Limited

ISBN: 9781407307657

Category: History

Page: 80

View: 981

This study is the result of a long standing interest by the author in the expression of social identities of the past, perhaps more specifically, social identities as translated through gender, and their resulting cultural expressions and material remains. The overarching subject explored is the gender structures prevalent in the Late Iron Age in the county of Vestfold, Norway. The Scandinavian Late Iron Age, popularly known as the Viking Age, is often represented as deeply and inherently male, with male aggressiveness as the ideal presented to the public, leaving little room for alternative gender roles in the popular imagination. Gender is one of the basic structuring principles of most societies, and as a social category it must be understood in order to grasp the cultural complexity of a society. The author will attempts to show that the gender roles of the Viking Age are perhaps often interpreted and represented too simplistically, and that popular stereotypes fail to take into account the complex multitude of categories, variations and negotiations which one ought to expect from the interpretation of gender. The author's basic proposition is that if the gender roles of the Viking Age were more complex than is often believed, this may be reflected in the mortuary landscape and in the choice of location for burials. To approach this subject, the author looks at the relative positioning of female graves in the mortuary landscape of the Viking Age, and focuses on two different sites in the county now known as Vestfold: Oseberg and Kaupang.

Masking moments

the transitions of bodies and beings in Late Iron Age Scandinavia

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Author: Ing-Marie Back Danielsson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 347

View: 8635

Contemporary Archaeology in Theory

The New Pragmatism

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Author: Robert W. Preucel,Stephen A. Mrozowski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444358510

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 4866

The second edition of Contemporary Archaeology in Theory: The New Pragmatism, has been thoroughly updated and revised, and features top scholars who redefine the theoretical and political agendas of the field, and challenge the usual distinctions between time, space, processes, and people. Defines the relevance of archaeology and the social sciences more generally to the modern world Challenges the traditional boundaries between prehistoric and historical archaeologies Discusses how archaeology articulates such contemporary topics and issues as landscape and natures; agency, meaning and practice; sexuality, embodiment and personhood; race, class, and ethnicity; materiality, memory, and historical silence; colonialism, nationalism, and empire; heritage, patrimony, and social justice; media, museums, and publics Examines the influence of American pragmatism on archaeology Offers 32 new chapters by leading archaeologists and cultural anthropologists

Korea: Outline of a Civilisation

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Author: Kenneth M. Wells

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004300058

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 4063

This outline of Korea’s civilisation is a cultural history that examines the ways the Korean people over the past two millennia understood the world and viewed their place in society.

Pacific northeast Asia in prehistory

hunter-fisher-gatherers, farmers, and sociopolitical elites

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Author: C. Melvin Aikens

Publisher: Washington State Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 223

View: 7237

This volume incorporates the richest body of data ever assembled on northeast Asia's prehistory, covering cultural change and development from the Paleolithic stone industries through the formation of advanced states.

Bronze Age identities

costume, conflict and contact in Northern Europe 1600-1300 BC

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Author: Sophie Bergerbrant

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 3998

Archaeology

An Introduction

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Author: Kevin Greene,Tom Moore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136860290

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 2003

Archaeology: An Introduction looks behind the popular aspects of archaeology such as the discovery and excavation of sites, the study of human remains and animal bones, radiocarbon dating, museums and 'heritage' displays, and reveals the methods used by archaeologists. It also explains how the subject emerged from an amateur pursuit in the eighteenth century into a serious discipline, and explores changing fashions in interpretation in recent decades. This fifth edition has been updated by a new co-author, Tom Moore, and continues to include key references and guidance to help new readers find their way through the ever expanding range of archaeological publications. It conveys the excitement of new archaeological discoveries that appear on television or in newspapers while helping readers to evaluate them by explaining the methods and theories that lie behind them. Above all, while serving as a lucid textbook, it remains a very accessible account that will interest a wide readership. In addition to drawing upon examples and case studies from many regions of the world and periods of the past, it incorporates the authors' own fieldwork, research and teaching and features a new four-colour text design and colour illustrations plus an additional 50 topic boxes. The comprehensive glossary and bibliography are complemented by a support website hosted by Routledge to assist further study and wider learning. It includes chapter overviews, a testbank of questions, powerpoint discussion questions, web-links to support material for every chapter plus an online glossary and image bank. New to the fifth edition: inclusion of the latest survey techniques updated material on the development in dating, DNA analysis, isotopes and population movement coverage of new themes such as identity and personhood how different societies are defined from an anthropological point of view and the implications of this for archaeological interpretation the impact of climate change and sustainability on heritage management more on the history of archaeology Visit the companion website at www.routledge.com/textbooks/greene for additional resources, including: chapter overviews a testbank of questions PowerPoint discussion questions links to support material for every chapter an online glossary and image bank

Mind the Gap

Political Participation and Representation in Belgium

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Author: Kris Deschouwer

Publisher: Studies in European Political

ISBN: 9781786605412

Category: Political Science

Page: 324

View: 808

This book draws a picture of a parliamentary and representative democracy that faces multiple tensions and multiple gaps.

European Societies in the Bronze Age

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Author: A. F. Harding

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521367295

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 7324

The European Bronze Age, roughly 2500 to 750 BC, was the last fully prehistoric period and crucial to the formation of the Europe emerging in the later first millennium BC. This book provides a detailed account of its material culture, comparing and contrasting evidence from different geographical zones, and drawing out the essential characteristics of the period. It looks at settlement, burial, economy, technology, trade and transport, warfare, and social and religious life. The result is a comprehensive study that will interest specialists and students, and be accessible to non-specialists.

The Urals and Western Siberia in the Bronze and Iron Ages

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Author: Ludmila Koryakova,Andrej Vladimirovich Epimakhov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461656

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3781

This book is the first synthesis of the archaeology of the Urals and Western Siberia. It presents a comprehensive overview of the late prehistoric cultures of these regions, which are of key importance for the understanding of long-term changes in Eurasia. At the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the Urals and Western Siberia are characterized by great environmental and cultural diversity which is reflected in the variety and richness of their archaeological sites. Based on the latest achievements of Russian archaeologists, this study demonstrates the temporal and geographical range of its subjects starting with a survey of the chronological sequence from the late fourth millennium BC to the early first millennium AD. Recent discoveries contribute to an understanding of issues such as the development of Eurasian metallurgy, technological and ritual innovations, pastoral nomadism and its role in Eurasian interactions, and major sociocultural fluctuations of the Bronze and Iron Ages.

In the Maw of the Earth Monster

Mesoamerican Ritual Cave Use

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Author: James E. Brady,Keith M. Prufer

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292756151

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 6619

As portals to the supernatural realm that creates and animates the universe, caves have always been held sacred by the peoples of Mesoamerica. From ancient times to the present, Mesoamericans have made pilgrimages to caves for ceremonies ranging from rituals of passage to petitions for rain and a plentiful harvest. So important were caves to the pre-Hispanic peoples that they are mentioned in Maya hieroglyphic writing and portrayed in the Central Mexican and Oaxacan pictorial codices. Many ancient settlements were located in proximity to caves. This volume gathers papers from twenty prominent Mesoamerican archaeologists, linguists, and ethnographers to present a state-of-the-art survey of ritual cave use in Mesoamerica from Pre-Columbian times to the present. Organized geographically, the book examines cave use in Central Mexico, Oaxaca, and the Maya region. Some reports present detailed site studies, while others offer new theoretical understandings of cave rituals. As a whole, the collection validates cave study as the cutting edge of scientific investigation of indigenous ritual and belief. It confirms that the indigenous religious system of Mesoamerica was and still is much more terrestrially focused that has been generally appreciated.

Women of Babylon

Gender and Representation in Mesopotamia

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Author: Zainab Bahrani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134601409

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8519

Representations of sexual difference (whether visual or textual) have become an area of much theoretical concern and investigation in recent feminist scholarship. Yet although a wide range of relevant evidence survives from the ancient Near East, it has been exceptional for those studying women in the ancient world to stray outside the traditional bounds of Greece and Rome. Women of Babylon is a much-needed historical/art historical study that investigates the concepts of femininity which prevailed in Assyro-Babylonian society. Zainab Bahrani's detailed analysis of how the culture of ancient Mesopotamia defined sexuality and gender roles both in, and through, representation is enhanced by a rich selection of visual material extending from 6500 BC - 1891 AD. Professor Bahrani also investigates the ways in which women of the ancient Near East have been perceived in classical scholarship up to the nineteenth century.