Gender and Citizenship in the Middle East

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Author: Suad Joseph

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815628644

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 595

The essays in this work illustrate the various ways in which women in the Middle East fall short of being vested with the rights and privileges that would define them as fully enfranchised citizens. They offer an examination of national legislation on personal status, penal law and labour law.

Women and Power in the Middle East

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Author: Suad Joseph,Susan Slyomovics

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812206908

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4049

The seventeen essays in Women and Power in the Middle East analyze the social, political, economic, and cultural forces that shape gender systems in the Middle East and North Africa. Published at different times in Middle East Report, the journal of the Middle East Research and Information Project, the essays document empirically the similarities and differences in the gendering of relations of power in twelve countries—Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Palestine, Lebanon, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Iran. Together they seek to build a framework for understanding broad patterns of gender in the Arab-Islamic world. Challenging questions are addressed throughout. What roles have women played in politics in this region? When and why are women politically mobilized, and which women? Does the nature and impact of their mobilization differ if it is initiated by the state, nationalist movements, revolutionary parties, or spontaneous revolt? And what happens to women when those agents of mobilization win or lose? In investigating these and other issues, the essays take a look at the impact of rapid social change in the Arab-Islamic world. They also analyze Arab disillusionment with the radical nationalisms of the 1950s and 1960s and with leftist ideologies, as well as the rise of political Islamist movements. Indeed the essays present rich new approaches to assessing what political participation has meant for women in this region and how emerging national states there have dealt with organized efforts by women to influence the institutions that govern their lives. Designed for courses in Middle East, women's, and cultural studies, Women and Power in the Middle East offers to both students and scholars an excellent introduction to the study of gender in the Arab-Islamic world.

Citizenship and the State in the Middle East

Approaches and Applications

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Author: Nils August Butenschøn,Uri Davis,Manuel Sarkis Hassassian

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815628293

Category: Political Science

Page: 449

View: 9850

This study forms part of a systematic critical attempt to interpret the complex nature of Middle East politics from a citizenship perspective.

Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa

Citizenship and Justice

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Author: Sameena Nazir,Leigh Tomppert

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742549920

Category: Social Science

Page: 367

View: 935

Women's rights in the middle east and North Africa / edited by Sameena Nazir and Leigh Tomppert / 2005.

Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History

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Author: Amira El Azhary Sonbol

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815603832

Category: Social Science

Page: 357

View: 5248

The eighteen essays in this volume cover a wide range of material and revaluate women's studies and Middle Eastern studies, Muslim women and the Shari's courts, the Ottoman household, Dhimmi communities, children and family law, morality, and violence.

Modernizing Women

Gender and Social Change in the Middle East

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Author: Valentine M. Moghadam

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781588261717

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 9785

Extrait de la préface : "The subject of this study is social change in the Middle East, North Africa, and Afghanistan ; its impact on women's legal status and social positions ; and women's varied responses to, and involvment in, change processes. It also deals with constructions of gender during periods of social and political change. Social change is usually described in terms of modernization, revolution, cultural challenges, and social movements. Much of the standard literature on these topics does not examine women or gender, and thus [the author] hopes this study will contribute to an appreciation of the significance of gender in the midst of change. Neither are there many sociological studies on MENA and Afghansitan or studies on women in MENA and Afghanistan from a sociological perspective. Myths and stereotypes abund regarding women, Islam, and the region, and the sevents of September 11 and since have only compounded them. This book is intended in part to "normalize" the Middle East by underscoring the salience of structural determinants other than religion. It focuses on the major social-change processes in the region to show how women's lives are shaped not only by "Islam" and "culture", but also by economic development, the state, class location, and the world system. Why the focus on women ? It is [the autor's] contention that middle-class women are consciously and unconsciously major agents of social change in the region, at the vanguard of movements for modernity, democratization and citizenship."

Women and Media in the Middle East

Power Through Self-Expression

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Author: Naomi Sakr

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781850435457

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 3701

Addressing the dynamics of media ecology and women's advancements in the Middle East, this text spans both the region and media forms to identify how and where gender boundaries have been erected or crossed.

Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa

Progress Amid Resistance

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Author: Sanja Kelly,Julia Breslin

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781442203976

Category: Political Science

Page: 672

View: 7119

Freedom HouseOs innovative publication WomenOs Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Progress Amid Resistance analyzes the status of women in the region, with a special focus on the gains and setbacks for womenOs rights since the first edition was released in 2005. The study presents a comparative evaluation of conditions for women in 17 countries and one territory: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine (Palestinian Authority and Israeli-Occupied Territories), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The publication identifies the causes and consequences of gender inequality in the Middle East, and provides concrete recommendations for national and international policymakers and implementers. Freedom House is an independent nongovernmental organization that supports democratic change, monitors freedom, and advocates for democracy and human rights. The project has been embraced as a resource not only by international players like the United Nations and the World Bank, but also by regional womenOs rights organizations, individual activists, scholars, and governments worldwide. WomenOs rights in each country are assessed in five key areas: (1) Nondiscrimination and Access to Justice; (2) Autonomy, Security, and Freedom of the Person; (3) Economic Rights and Equal Opportunity; (4) Political Rights and Civic Voice; and (5) Social and Cultural Rights. The methodology is based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the study results are presented through a set of numerical scores and analytical narrative reports.

Gender and Diversity in the Middle East and North Africa

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Author: Zahia Smail Salhi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317989074

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 1620

The images of women in chadors or burqas as contrasted with images of belly dancers which circulate today as representations of Muslim/Middle Eastern women do not fluctuate from the images propagated by Orientalist paintings and colonial photographs which also offer contrasting representations of the veiled thus secluded and the naked or semi-naked thus eroticised Muslim/Oriental woman. As well as challenging the prevailing stereotypes of the Middle Eastern and North African women, the book aims to highlight the element of diversity which characterises the lives of these women and the regions to which they belong. The sense that most of the Middle Eastern and North African countries are Muslim does confer a common identity, a distinction from others that may serve to bridge wide social, cultural, and economic differences among them. However, it is also important to stress that significant elements other than Islam contribute to the making of MENA societies and women’s cultural identities. This book was published as a special issue of the British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies.

Women and Conflict in the Middle East

Palestinian Refugees and the Response to Violence

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Author: Maria Holt

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1780761015

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1927

Women in conflict zones face a wide range of violence: from physical and psychological trauma to political, economic and social disadvantage. And the sources of the violence are varied also: from the 'public' violence of the enemy to the more 'private' violence of the family. Maria Holt uses her research gathered in the Palestinian refugee camps of Lebanon and in the West Bank to look at the forms of violence suffered by women in the context of the wider conflict around them. Drawing on first-hand accounts of women who have either participated in, been victims of or bystanders to violence, Women and Conflict in the Middle East highlights the complex situation of these refugees, and explores how many of them become involved in resistance activities. It thus makes essential reading for students of the Israel-Palestine conflict as well as those interested in the gender dimension of conflict.

Public Opinion in the Middle East

Survey Research and the Political Orientations of Ordinary Citizens

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Author: Mark A. Tessler

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253223156

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 1942

Acknowledgments Introduction: Public Opinion Research in the Arab and Muslim Middle East Part One Domestic Politics 1. Regime Orientation and Participant Citizenship in Developing Countries: Hypotheses and a Test with Longitudinal Data from Tunisia (1981) Mark Tessler and Patricia Freeman 2. The Origins of Popular Support for Islamist Movements: A Political Economy Analysis (1997) Mark Tessler 3. Islam and Democracy in the Middle East: The Impact of Religious Orientations on Attitudes toward Democracy in Four Arab Countries (2002) Mark Tessler 4. Political Generations in Developing Countries: Evidence and Insights from Algeria (2004) Mark Tessler, Carrie Konold and Megan Reif 5. The Democracy Barometers: Attitudes in the Arab World (2008) Amaney Jamal and Mark Tessler Part Two Political Culture And Islam 6. Political Culture in Turkey: Connections among Attitudes toward Democracy, the Military, and Islam (2004) Mark Tessler and Ebru Altinoglu 7. Assessing the Influence of Religious Predispositions on Citizen Orientations Related to Governance and Democracy: Findings from Survey Research in Three Dissimilar Arab Societies (2006) Mark Tessler 8. Democracy and the Political Culture Orientations of Ordinary Citizens: A Typology for the Arab World and Perhaps Beyond (2009) Mark Tessler and Eleanor Gao Part Three International Conflict 9. Gender, Feminism, and Attitudes toward International Conflict: Exploring Relationships with Survey Data from the Middle East (1997) Mark Tessler and Ina Warriner 10. Islam and Attitudes toward International Conflict: Evidence from Survey Research in the Arab World (1998) Mark Tessler and Jodi Nachtwey 11. Further Tests of the Women and Peace Hypothesis: Evidence from Cross-National Survey Research in the Middle East (1999) Mark Tessler, Jodi Nachtwey and Audra Grant 12. The Political Economy of Attitudes toward Peace among Palestinians and Israelis (2002) Jodi Nachtwey and Mark Tessler 13. What Leads Some Ordinary Men and Women in Arab Countries to Approve of Terrorist Acts against the West: Evidence from Survey Research in Algeria and Jordan (2007) Mark Tessler and Michael D.H. Robbins Bibliography Index.

Women and Islam: Womens's movements in Muslim societies

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Author: Haideh Moghissi

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415324212

Category: Social Science

Page: 500

View: 7261

This three-volume interdisciplinary collection is of use not only in Middle East studies but also in various other disciplines, including women's studies, political science, religion, cultural studies, sociology of gender and anthropology.The collection offers the most influential writings in the field by both renowned scholars as well as those by the new generation of scholars of Islam and gender and includes a wide variety of cases from Middle Eastern and Islamic societies. By including case-based articles, the collection highlights the clear links between concepts and theories and actual practices.Titles also available in this series include, Shamanism (March 2004, 3 volumes, 395) and the forthcoming titles Childhood (2005, 4 volumes, c.495), Gender (2005, 4 volumes, c.495) and Knowledge (2005, 4 volumes, c.495).

Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa

Citizenship and Justice

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Author: Freedom House

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461622468

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 8441

Freedom House has launched a new, comprehensive study titled Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Citizenship and Justice. The overarching goal of this survey is to facilitate and support national and international efforts to empower women in the Middle East and North Africa. The study presents a comparative evaluation of women's rights in 17 selected countries and territories through a set of numerical scores, analytical narrative reports, and vital statistics.

Media in the Middle East

Activism, Politics, and Culture

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Author: Nele Lenze,Charlotte Schriwer,Zubaidah Abdul Jalil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319657712

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 2195

This edited volume offers the first extended, cross-disciplinary exploration of the cumulative problems and increasing importance of various forms of media in the Middle East. Leading scholars with expertise in Middle Eastern studies discuss their views and perceptions of the media’s influence on regional and global change. Focusing on aspects of economy, digital news, online businesses, gender-related issues, social media, and film, the contributors of this volume detail media’s role in political movements throughout the Middle East. The volume illustrates how the increase in Internet connections and mobile applications have resulted in an emergence of indispensable tools for information acquisition, dissemination, and activism.

The U.S. Media and the Middle East

Image and Perception

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Author: Yahya R. Kamalipour

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275959142

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 242

View: 2451

This text analyses the stereotypes and misconceptions that Americans have of Arabs and Arab-Americans and discusses the far-reaching impact that the United States has had on the Middle East. Specialists provide perspectives about cross-cultural and political communication.

Family in the Middle East

Ideational change in Egypt, Iran and Tunisia

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Author: Kathryn M. Yount,Hoda Rashad

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135974691

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 2625

This book examines, in comparative perspective, the different ideals about family and society and how they have impacted on real family life across a number of countries in the Middle East.

Deconstructing Sexuality in the Middle East

Challenges and Discourses

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Author: Professor Pinar Ilkkaracan

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409491420

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 7866

Exploring the contemporary dynamics of sexuality in the Middle East, this volume offers an in-depth and unique insight into this much contested and debated issue. It focuses on the role of sexuality in political and social struggles and the politicization of sexuality and gender in the region. Contributors illustrate the complexity of discourses, debates and issues, focusing in particular on the situation in Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, Palestine and Turkey, and explain how they cannot be reduced to a single underlying factor such as religion, or a simple binary opposition between the religious right and feminists. Contributors include renowned academicians, researchers, psychologists, historians, human rights and women's rights advocates and political scientists, from different countries and backgrounds, offering a balanced and contemporary perspective on this important issue, as well as highlighting the implication of these debates in larger socio-political contexts.

Women and Citizenship

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Author: St. Louis Marilyn Friedman Professor of Philosophy Washington University

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198039075

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 8302

The notion of citizenship is complex; it can be at once an identity; a set of rights, privileges, and responsibilities; an elevated and exclusionary status, a relationship between individual and state, and more. In recent decades citizenship has attracted interdisciplinary attention, particularly with the transnational growth of Western capitalism. Yet citizenship's relationship to gender has gone relatively unexplored--despite the globally pervasive denial of citizenship to women, historically and in many places, ongoing today. This highly interdisciplinary volume explores the political and cultural dimensions of citizenship and their relevance to women and gender. Containing essays by a well-known group of scholars, including Iris Marion Young, Alison Jaggar, Martha Nussbaum, and Sandra Bartky, this book examines the conceptual issues and strategies at play in the feminist quest to give women full citizenship status. The contributors take a fresh look at the issues, going beyond conventional critiques, and examine problems in the political and social arrangements, practices, and conditions that diminish women's citizenship in various parts of the world.