Gender and Citizenship in the Middle East

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Author: Suad Joseph

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815628644

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 4306

The essays in this work illustrate the various ways in which women in the Middle East fall short of being vested with the rights and privileges that would define them as fully enfranchised citizens. They offer an examination of national legislation on personal status, penal law and labour law.

Women and Power in the Middle East

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Author: Suad Joseph,Susan Slyomovics

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812206908

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6370

The seventeen essays in Women and Power in the Middle East analyze the social, political, economic, and cultural forces that shape gender systems in the Middle East and North Africa. Published at different times in Middle East Report, the journal of the Middle East Research and Information Project, the essays document empirically the similarities and differences in the gendering of relations of power in twelve countries—Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Palestine, Lebanon, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Iran. Together they seek to build a framework for understanding broad patterns of gender in the Arab-Islamic world. Challenging questions are addressed throughout. What roles have women played in politics in this region? When and why are women politically mobilized, and which women? Does the nature and impact of their mobilization differ if it is initiated by the state, nationalist movements, revolutionary parties, or spontaneous revolt? And what happens to women when those agents of mobilization win or lose? In investigating these and other issues, the essays take a look at the impact of rapid social change in the Arab-Islamic world. They also analyze Arab disillusionment with the radical nationalisms of the 1950s and 1960s and with leftist ideologies, as well as the rise of political Islamist movements. Indeed the essays present rich new approaches to assessing what political participation has meant for women in this region and how emerging national states there have dealt with organized efforts by women to influence the institutions that govern their lives. Designed for courses in Middle East, women's, and cultural studies, Women and Power in the Middle East offers to both students and scholars an excellent introduction to the study of gender in the Arab-Islamic world.

Citizenship and the State in the Middle East

Approaches and Applications

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Author: Nils August Butenschøn,Uri Davis,Manuel Sarkis Hassassian

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815628293

Category: Political Science

Page: 449

View: 4931

This study forms part of a systematic critical attempt to interpret the complex nature of Middle East politics from a citizenship perspective.

Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa

Citizenship and Justice

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Author: Sameena Nazir,Leigh Tomppert

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742549920

Category: Social Science

Page: 367

View: 4946

Women's rights in the middle east and North Africa / edited by Sameena Nazir and Leigh Tomppert / 2005.

Modernizing Women

Gender and Social Change in the Middle East

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Author: Valentine M. Moghadam

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781588261717

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 4028

Extrait de la préface : "The subject of this study is social change in the Middle East, North Africa, and Afghanistan ; its impact on women's legal status and social positions ; and women's varied responses to, and involvment in, change processes. It also deals with constructions of gender during periods of social and political change. Social change is usually described in terms of modernization, revolution, cultural challenges, and social movements. Much of the standard literature on these topics does not examine women or gender, and thus [the author] hopes this study will contribute to an appreciation of the significance of gender in the midst of change. Neither are there many sociological studies on MENA and Afghansitan or studies on women in MENA and Afghanistan from a sociological perspective. Myths and stereotypes abund regarding women, Islam, and the region, and the sevents of September 11 and since have only compounded them. This book is intended in part to "normalize" the Middle East by underscoring the salience of structural determinants other than religion. It focuses on the major social-change processes in the region to show how women's lives are shaped not only by "Islam" and "culture", but also by economic development, the state, class location, and the world system. Why the focus on women ? It is [the autor's] contention that middle-class women are consciously and unconsciously major agents of social change in the region, at the vanguard of movements for modernity, democratization and citizenship."

Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History

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Author: Amira El Azhary Sonbol

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815603832

Category: Social Science

Page: 357

View: 6915

The eighteen essays in this volume cover a wide range of material and revaluate women's studies and Middle Eastern studies, Muslim women and the Shari's courts, the Ottoman household, Dhimmi communities, children and family law, morality, and violence.

Gender and Diversity in the Middle East and North Africa

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Author: Zahia Smail Salhi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317989074

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 1673

The images of women in chadors or burqas as contrasted with images of belly dancers which circulate today as representations of Muslim/Middle Eastern women do not fluctuate from the images propagated by Orientalist paintings and colonial photographs which also offer contrasting representations of the veiled thus secluded and the naked or semi-naked thus eroticised Muslim/Oriental woman. As well as challenging the prevailing stereotypes of the Middle Eastern and North African women, the book aims to highlight the element of diversity which characterises the lives of these women and the regions to which they belong. The sense that most of the Middle Eastern and North African countries are Muslim does confer a common identity, a distinction from others that may serve to bridge wide social, cultural, and economic differences among them. However, it is also important to stress that significant elements other than Islam contribute to the making of MENA societies and women’s cultural identities. This book was published as a special issue of the British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies.

Women and Media in the Middle East

Power Through Self-Expression

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Author: Naomi Sakr

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781850435457

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 6182

Addressing the dynamics of media ecology and women's advancements in the Middle East, this text spans both the region and media forms to identify how and where gender boundaries have been erected or crossed.

Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa

Progress Amid Resistance

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Author: Sanja Kelly,Julia Breslin

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781442203976

Category: Political Science

Page: 672

View: 4528

Freedom HouseOs innovative publication WomenOs Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Progress Amid Resistance analyzes the status of women in the region, with a special focus on the gains and setbacks for womenOs rights since the first edition was released in 2005. The study presents a comparative evaluation of conditions for women in 17 countries and one territory: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine (Palestinian Authority and Israeli-Occupied Territories), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The publication identifies the causes and consequences of gender inequality in the Middle East, and provides concrete recommendations for national and international policymakers and implementers. Freedom House is an independent nongovernmental organization that supports democratic change, monitors freedom, and advocates for democracy and human rights. The project has been embraced as a resource not only by international players like the United Nations and the World Bank, but also by regional womenOs rights organizations, individual activists, scholars, and governments worldwide. WomenOs rights in each country are assessed in five key areas: (1) Nondiscrimination and Access to Justice; (2) Autonomy, Security, and Freedom of the Person; (3) Economic Rights and Equal Opportunity; (4) Political Rights and Civic Voice; and (5) Social and Cultural Rights. The methodology is based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the study results are presented through a set of numerical scores and analytical narrative reports.

Women and War in the Middle East

Transnational Perspectives

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Author: Doctor Nicola Pratt,Doctor Nadje Al-Ali

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848138040

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 1792

Women and War in the Middle East provides a critical examination of the relationship between gender and transnationalism in the context of war, peace-building and post-conflict reconstruction in the Middle East. Critically examining the ways in which the actions of various local and transnational groups - including women's movements, diaspora communities, national governments, non-governmental actors and multilateral bodies - interact to both intentionally and inadvertantly shape the experiences of women in conflict situations, and determine the possibilities for women's participation in peace-building and (post)-conflict reconstruction, as well as the longer-term prospects for peace and security. The volume pays particular attention to the ways in which gender roles, relations and identities are constructed, negotiated and employed within transnational social and political fields in the conflict and post-conflict situations, and their particular consequences for women. Contributions focus on the two countries with the longest experiences of war and conflict in the Middle East, and which have been subject to the most prominent international interventions of recent years - that is, Iraq and the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Issues addressed by contributors include the impact of gender mainstreaming measures by international agencies and NGOs upon the ability of women to participate in peace-building and post-conflict resolution; the consequences for gender relations and identities of the US-led invasion and occupation of Iraq; and how transnational feminist movements can most effectively support peace building and women's rights in the region. Based entirely on original empirical research. Women and War in the Middle East brings together some of the foremost scholars in the areas of feminist international relations, feminist international political economy, anthropology, sociology, history and Middle East studies.

Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa

Citizenship and Justice

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Author: Freedom House

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461622468

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 6155

Freedom House has launched a new, comprehensive study titled Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Citizenship and Justice. The overarching goal of this survey is to facilitate and support national and international efforts to empower women in the Middle East and North Africa. The study presents a comparative evaluation of women's rights in 17 selected countries and territories through a set of numerical scores, analytical narrative reports, and vital statistics.

Women’s Movements in Post-“Arab Spring” North Africa

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Author: Fatima Sadiqi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113750675X

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 5041

Centering on women's movements before, during, and after the revolutions, Women's Movements in Post-"Arab Spring" North Africa highlights the broader sources of authority that affected the emergence of new feminist actors and agents and their impact on the sociopolitical landscapes of the region.

The Middle East in Transition

The Centrality of Citizenship

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Author: Nils A. Butenschøn,Roel Meijer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1788111133

Category:

Page: 368

View: 4318

The violent transitions that have dominated developments since the Arab Uprisings demonstrate deep-seated divisions in the conceptions of state authority and citizen rights and responsibilities. Analysing the Middle East through the lens of the ‘citizenship approach’, this book argues that the current diversity of crisis in the region can be ascribed primarily to the crisis in the relations between state and citizen. The volume includes theoretical discussions and case studies, and covers both Arab and non-Arab countries.

Public Opinion in the Middle East

Survey Research and the Political Orientations of Ordinary Citizens

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Author: Mark A. Tessler

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253223156

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 5464

Acknowledgments Introduction: Public Opinion Research in the Arab and Muslim Middle East Part One Domestic Politics 1. Regime Orientation and Participant Citizenship in Developing Countries: Hypotheses and a Test with Longitudinal Data from Tunisia (1981) Mark Tessler and Patricia Freeman 2. The Origins of Popular Support for Islamist Movements: A Political Economy Analysis (1997) Mark Tessler 3. Islam and Democracy in the Middle East: The Impact of Religious Orientations on Attitudes toward Democracy in Four Arab Countries (2002) Mark Tessler 4. Political Generations in Developing Countries: Evidence and Insights from Algeria (2004) Mark Tessler, Carrie Konold and Megan Reif 5. The Democracy Barometers: Attitudes in the Arab World (2008) Amaney Jamal and Mark Tessler Part Two Political Culture And Islam 6. Political Culture in Turkey: Connections among Attitudes toward Democracy, the Military, and Islam (2004) Mark Tessler and Ebru Altinoglu 7. Assessing the Influence of Religious Predispositions on Citizen Orientations Related to Governance and Democracy: Findings from Survey Research in Three Dissimilar Arab Societies (2006) Mark Tessler 8. Democracy and the Political Culture Orientations of Ordinary Citizens: A Typology for the Arab World and Perhaps Beyond (2009) Mark Tessler and Eleanor Gao Part Three International Conflict 9. Gender, Feminism, and Attitudes toward International Conflict: Exploring Relationships with Survey Data from the Middle East (1997) Mark Tessler and Ina Warriner 10. Islam and Attitudes toward International Conflict: Evidence from Survey Research in the Arab World (1998) Mark Tessler and Jodi Nachtwey 11. Further Tests of the Women and Peace Hypothesis: Evidence from Cross-National Survey Research in the Middle East (1999) Mark Tessler, Jodi Nachtwey and Audra Grant 12. The Political Economy of Attitudes toward Peace among Palestinians and Israelis (2002) Jodi Nachtwey and Mark Tessler 13. What Leads Some Ordinary Men and Women in Arab Countries to Approve of Terrorist Acts against the West: Evidence from Survey Research in Algeria and Jordan (2007) Mark Tessler and Michael D.H. Robbins Bibliography Index.

Women and Islam: Womens's movements in Muslim societies

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Author: Haideh Moghissi

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415324212

Category: Social Science

Page: 500

View: 7794

This three-volume interdisciplinary collection is of use not only in Middle East studies but also in various other disciplines, including women's studies, political science, religion, cultural studies, sociology of gender and anthropology.The collection offers the most influential writings in the field by both renowned scholars as well as those by the new generation of scholars of Islam and gender and includes a wide variety of cases from Middle Eastern and Islamic societies. By including case-based articles, the collection highlights the clear links between concepts and theories and actual practices.Titles also available in this series include, Shamanism (March 2004, 3 volumes, 395) and the forthcoming titles Childhood (2005, 4 volumes, c.495), Gender (2005, 4 volumes, c.495) and Knowledge (2005, 4 volumes, c.495).

The U.S. Media and the Middle East

Image and Perception

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Author: Yahya R. Kamalipour

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275959142

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 242

View: 1775

This text analyses the stereotypes and misconceptions that Americans have of Arabs and Arab-Americans and discusses the far-reaching impact that the United States has had on the Middle East. Specialists provide perspectives about cross-cultural and political communication.

Media in the Middle East

Activism, Politics, and Culture

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Author: Nele Lenze,Charlotte Schriwer,Zubaidah Abdul Jalil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319657712

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 2182

This edited volume offers the first extended, cross-disciplinary exploration of the cumulative problems and increasing importance of various forms of media in the Middle East. Leading scholars with expertise in Middle Eastern studies discuss their views and perceptions of the media’s influence on regional and global change. Focusing on aspects of economy, digital news, online businesses, gender-related issues, social media, and film, the contributors of this volume detail media’s role in political movements throughout the Middle East. The volume illustrates how the increase in Internet connections and mobile applications have resulted in an emergence of indispensable tools for information acquisition, dissemination, and activism.

On Shifting Ground

Muslim Women in the Global Era

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Author: Fereshteh Nouraie-Simone

Publisher: The Feminist Press at CUNY

ISBN: 1558618562

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 9873

"This book contains many thoughtful, highly relevant, and frequently brilliant essays on the contemporary ideas, organization, activities, and agency of Muslim women in several countries." Nikki Keddie, author of Women in the Middle East: Past and PresentHas Arab Spring made life better for Muslim women? Has new media brought feminists together, or has it become a tool to organize the opposition? This essential collection is updated with a new introduction and two new essays, offering insider views on how Muslim women are navigating technology, social media, public space, secularism/fundamentalism, and citizenship.Fereshteh Nouraie-Simone is a historian at the American University School of International Service.