Future Energy Grid

Migrationspfade in das Internet der Energie

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Author: Hans-Jürgen Appelrath

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642278647

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 324

View: 6252

​Bis 2022 will Deutschland aus der Kernenergie aussteigen und zügig auf eine Energieversorgung auf der Grundlage erneuerbarer Energien wie Wind- oder Sonnenenergie umstellen. Diese lassen sich in großem Umfang nur mithilfe von Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien (IKT) in das Elektrizitätssystem integrieren. In einem sogenannten Smart Grid verschmelzen IKT und Energietechnik und sorgen für nachhaltigen, zuverlässigen und bezahlbaren Strom. Die Studie beschreibt, welcher Migrationspfad in das in das Future Energy Grid bis zum Jahr 2030 zu beschreiten ist. Die Autoren skizzieren dazu in drei bildhaften Szenarien die möglichen Entwicklungen des Energiesystems in Deutschland und benennen die notwendigen technologischen Schritte in das wünschenswerte System einer nachhaltig-wirtschaftlichen Stromversorgung.​

Future Energy Grid

IKT für den Weg in ein nachhaltig-wirtschaftliches Energiesystem

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Author: acatech -

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642278620

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 31

View: 7554

​Deutschlands Energiewende kann nur mit Smart Grids gelingen. Bis 2022 will Deutschland aus der Kernenergie aussteigen und auf eine Energieversorgung auf der Grundlage erneuerbarer Energien umstellen. Diese lassen sich in großem Umfang nur mithilfe von Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien (IKT) in das Elektrizitätssystem integrieren. In einem sogenannten Smart Grid verschmelzen IKT und Energietechnik und sorgen für nachhaltigen, zuverlässigen und bezahlbaren Strom – zum Vorteil der Stromkunden, der Energieerzeuger und der deutschen Wirtschaft. Doch mit dem Umbau der Elektrizitätsinfrastruktur kommen auch immense Herausforderungen auf Politik, Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Bevölkerung zu. Mit acht Thesen skizziert acatech die Zukunft der Energieversorgung in Deutschland und gibt konkrete Handlungsempfehlungen für den Aufbau des Future Energy Grids.​

IT für Smart Grids

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Author: Josephine Hofmann,Carsten Felden

Publisher: dpunkt.verlag

ISBN: 3864913268

Category: Computers

Page: 128

View: 1381

Spätestens mit dem Großprojekt Energiewende rücken Smart Grids in den Blickpunkt verstärkterDiskussionen und Aktivitäten von unterschiedlichen Akteuren. Der IT kommt bei der kommunikativen Vernetzung und Steuerung aller Komponenten im Zusammenspiel von Speicherung, Netzbetriebsmitteln und Verbrauchern eine bedeutende Rolle zu. Umgekehrt lassen sich bewährte Servicekonzepte und Geschäftsmodelle aus der IT auch als übertragbare Muster für vergleichbare Ansätze in einer dezentralen Energieversorgung verstehen. HMD 291 gibt einen aktuellen Abriss über entsprechende Ansätze und Erfahrungen und thematisiert dabei Kernfragestellungen aus der Sicht der Wirtschaftsinformatik. Hierzu gehören z. B.: - Intelligente Stromnetze - Perspektiven des Smart Grid - Energiemanagementsysteme - Geschäftsmodelle der Energieversorger Sie finden im vorliegenden Schwerpunktheft sowohl konzeptionelle Betrachtungen wie auch praktische Lösungsansätze und Erfahrungen aus Pilotprojekten.

Semantic Service Integration for Smart Grids

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Author: S. Rohjans,IOS Press

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614993483

Category: Computers

Page: 476

View: 2848

The scope of the research presented includes semantic-based integration of data services in smart grids achieved through following the proposed (S2)In-approach developed corresponding to design science guidelines. This approach identifies standards and specifications, which are integrated in order to build the basis for the (S2)In-architecture. A process model is introduced in the beginning, which serves as framework for developing the target architecture. The first step of the process stipulates to define requirements for smart grid ICT-architectures being derived from established studies and divided into two classes: architecture and non-functional requirements (NFR). Based on the architecture requirements, the following specifications have been basically selected: The IEC CIM representing a domain-specific data model, the OPC UA being a communication standard with special respects to information modeling, and WSMO as an approach to realize the concept of Semantic Web Services. The next step specifies to develop both, a semantic information model (integration of CIM and OPC UA) and semantic services (integration of CIM and WSMO). These two components are then combined to obtain the target architecture, which allows precise descriptions of services as well as their combination and semi-automatic execution. Finally, the NFR are considered in order to evaluate the architecture based on simulated, representative use cases.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Innovationsmotoren für Mobilität, Gesundheit, Energie und Produktion

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Author: acatech

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642275672

Category: Computers

Page: 48

View: 3345

Schon heute arbeiten etwa 98 Prozent der Mikroprozessoren eingebettet in Alltagsgegenständen und Geräten, über Sensoren und Aktoren mit der Außenwelt verbunden. Zunehmend werden sie untereinander und in das Internet vernetzt. Die physikalische Welt verschmilzt mit der virtuellen Welt, dem Cyberspace. Es entstehen Cyber-Physical Systems. Zukünftige Cyber-Physical Systems werden in bisher kaum vorstellbarer Weise Beiträge zu Sicherheit, Effizienz, Komfort und Gesundheit der Menschen leisten und tragen damit zur Lösung zentraler Herausforderungen unserer Gesellschaft bei, wie die alternde Bevölkerung, Ressourcenknappheit, Mobilität oder Energiewandel. Deutschland hat die Chance, sich mit innovativen Cyber-Physical Systems im internationalen Wettbewerb einen führenden Platz zu sichern. Welche Voraussetzungen dafür zu schaffen sind und wie Deutschland die technischen, politischen und gesellschaftlichen Hürden auf dem Weg dorthin bewältigen kann, benennt acatech in dieser Stellungnahme.​​

Die Energiewende finanzierbar gestalten

Effiziente Ordnungspolitik für das Energiesystem der Zukunft

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Author: . acatech

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 364233055X

Category: Political Science

Page: 47

View: 7727

Deutschland will bis zum Jahr 2050 seine Stromversorgung weitgehend auf erneuerbare Energien umstellen. Ob die Energiewende gelingen wird, hängt nicht nur von der Entwicklung neuer technischer Lösungen, sondern besonders auch von den wirtschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen für den tiefgreifenden Umbau des Energiesystems ab. Eine effiziente Ordnungspolitik setzt dabei die richti-gen Anreize für die in enormem Umfang erforderliche Investitionstätigkeit privater Akteure und stellt sicher, dass die politischer Ziele zu gesellschaftlich vertretbaren Kosten erreicht werden. acatech gibt Empfehlungen, wie der energiewirtschaftliche Ordnungsrahmen in Deutschland neu auszurichten ist, damit die Energiewende finanzierbar gestaltet und so zum Erfolg geführt wird. Die acatech POSITION berücksichtigt, dass die nationalen Maßnahmen mit der europäischen Ordnungspolitik abzustimmen sind und eine erfolgreiche Energiewende auch einen wirkungsvollen Beitrag zum globalen Klimaschutz leisten muss.

Enterprise Interoperability

I-ESA'12 Proceedings

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Author: Martin Zelm,Raquel Sanchis,Raul Poler,Guy Doumeingts

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118588088

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9431

In a fast changing world governed by innovative EnterpriseServices and the Future Internet, the issue of EnterpriseInteroperability is no longer limited to the interoperation ofsystems within a single company, but has become a much greatermulti-view issue of interoperability throughout a Network ofEnterprises. This book contains the proceedings of 13 workshops presented asshort papers and discussions held at each workshop. The workshopswere co-located with the I-ESA’12 Conference organized by the Polytechnic Universityof Valencia, Spain. Complementary to the conference program, the workshops aimed atexploiting new issues, challenges and solutions for EnterpriseInteroperability. The scope of the workshops spanned a wide rangeof interoperability issues in Service Science and Innovation, ModelDriven Interoperability, Service Oriented Architectures, Factoriesof the Future, Enterprise Networks and Management, SME Aspects andStandards.

Standardization in Smart Grids

Introduction to IT-Related Methodologies, Architectures and Standards

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Author: Mathias Uslar,Michael Specht,Christian Dänekas,Jörn Trefke,Sebastian Rohjans,José M. González,Christine Rosinger,Robert Bleiker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642349161

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 250

View: 6150

The first successful finished Smart Grid Prototype Projects deliver new requirements and best practices to meet them. These solutions will be the base for the upcoming norms and standards in the near future. This domain is not only part of one Standard developing Organization (SDO), but also of many different organizations like ITU, ISO, IEC and additionally for the electro mobility part the SAE. This results in many standards which are based on different aspects. Furthermore the European mirror organizations (ETSI,CEN, CENELEC) as well as the German mirror groups of these groups are involved, which are delivering further rules and adaption for the local market. Because of this diversity of organizations involved, it is difficult for the local companies (which includes energy utility, manufacturer and software producer specialized on integration) to identify the relevant trends, standardization groups and technologies necessary. With the EU Mandate M490 to CEN/CNELEC and TESI and the Commission being a driving force (e.g. ftp://ftp.cencenelec.eu/CENELEC/Smartgrid/SmartGridFinalReport.pdf and http://www.cenelec.eu/aboutcenelec/whatwedo/technologysectors/smartgrids.html) standardization becomes more and more important – but it’s complex and not easy to be understood. Here at OFFIS, we provide training but we are always asked for textbooks on our tranings. Based on our modules for the SG tranings, we would estimate the following chapters to be relevant to SG stakeholders in standardization (roughly 16-20 pages per chapter).

Energy Security in the European Union – Volume I

THE EUROPEAN ENERGY SYSTEM. ACHIEVING SUSTAINABILITY AND SECURITY

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Author: Fabio Orecchini,Fabrizio Zuccari,Adriano Santiangeli,Alessandro Dell’Era,Ausilio Bauen

Publisher: Edizioni Guerini e Associati

ISBN: 8881950413

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 136

View: 1513

The issue of energy is crucial for the future of the European Union and its population. The scientific community and the public are discussing many problems: the utility of so-called renewable, the looking for new sources of energy that could change the global balance, the need to promote sustainable development and to ensure the safety of citizens, the geopolitical consequences that energy brings. Italy and Europe are at the forefront of many of these issues, and this text is hoping to make a useful contribution in respect of some of them, offering case studies and reflections of some leading researchers and intellectuals.

Smart Grid Applications and Developments

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Author: Daphne Mah,Peter Hills,Victor O.K. Li,Richard Balme

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447162811

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 337

View: 2908

Meeting today’s energy and climate challenges require not only technological advancement but also a good understanding of stakeholders’ perceptions, political sensitivity, well-informed policy analyses and innovative interdisciplinary solutions. This book will fill this gap. This is an interdisciplinary informative book to provide a holistic and integrated understanding of the technology-stakeholder-policy interactions of smart grid technologies. The unique features of the book include the following: (a) interdisciplinary approach – by bringing in the policy dimensions to smart grid technologies; (b) global and Asian perspective and (c) learning from national case studies. This book is organised into five sections. Part 1 discusses the historical and conceptual aspects of smart grids. Part 2 introduces the technological aspects and showcase the state of the art of the technologies. Part 3 explores the policy and governance dimensions by bringing in a stakeholder perspective. Part 4 presents a collection of national case studies. Part 5 shares insights and lesson learnt and provide policy recommendations. This book showcases the state-of-the-art R&D developments and policy experiences. This book contributes to a better understanding of governance institution and policy challenges and helps formulate policy recommendations for successful smart grid deployment.

Powering the Future

A Scientist's Guide to Energy Independence

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Author: Daniel B. Botkin

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780137083589

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 5679

Dr. Daniel B. Botkin objectively assesses the true prospects, limitations, costs, risks, dangers, and tradeoffs associated with every leading and emerging source of energy, including oil, natural gas, coal, hydroelectric, nuclear, wind, solar, ocean power, and biofuels. Next, Botkin addresses the energy distribution system, outlining how it currently works, identifying its inefficiencies, and reviewing options for improving it. Finally, Botkin turns to solutions, offering a realistic, scientifically and economically viable path to a sustainable, energy-independent future: one that can improve the quality of life for Americans and for people around the world. The Future of Fossil Fuels What can we realistically expect from oil, gas, and coal? Will Alternative Energy Sources Really Matter? Running the numbers on solar, wind, biofuels, and other renewables Must We All Wear Sweaters and Live in Caves? The right role for efficiency--and why energy minimalism isn’t the solution Where We Can Start--and What Will Happen if We Don’t No magic bullet, but there are sensible, realistic solutions

Smart Grid Security

An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid

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Author: Gilbert N. Sorebo,Michael C. Echols

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439855897

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 7286

The Smart Grid has the potential to revolutionize electricity delivery systems, and the security of its infrastructure is a vital concern not only for cyber-security practitioners, engineers, policy makers, and utility executives, but also for the media and consumers. Smart Grid Security: An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid explores the important techniques, challenges, and forces that will shape how we achieve a secure twenty-first century electric grid. Includes a Foreword by Michael Assante, President and CEO, National Board of Information Security Examiners Following an overview of the components of the Smart Grid, the book delves into the evolution of security standards and regulations and examines ways in which the Smart Grid might be regulated. The authors discuss the technical details about how metering technology is being implemented and the likely threats and vulnerabilities that utilities will face. They address the home area network (HAN) and examine distribution and transmission—the foundation for the delivery of electricity, along with distributed generation, micro-grids, and operations. The book explores future concepts—such as energy storage and the use of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)—in addition to the concomitant risk for fraud and manipulation with stored energy. Consumer-related issues are discussed as they pertain to emerging ways of receiving and generating energy. The book examines dysfunctions ranging from inadvertent outages to cyber-attack and presents recommendations on how to respond to these incidents. It concludes with speculation of future cyber-security challenges and discusses new ways that the grid can be defended, such as better key management and protection. Written in a style rigorous enough for the practitioner yet accessible to a broad audience, this comprehensive volume covers a topic that is becoming more critical to industry and consumers everywhere.

Green ICT & Energy

From Smart to Wise Strategies

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Author: Jaco H. Appelman,Anwar Osseyran,Martijn Warnier

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 020312023X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 7944

This book provides the connection between the growing body of literature on sustainability and the topics of energy and ICT. It aims to show how stakeholders active in this area need to play their part ensuring that the ICT-sector evolves towards a sector that can lead through “greening by IT” and also shows that it can “green its own IT” as well. This is the first book that integrates two seemingly incompatible approaches to sustainability: efficiency and effectiveness. The book builds on the efficiency initiatives already taken by industry, but it is not a “how-to-do-it manual”. It offers insight in state of the art approaches to green IT and greening by IT. Attention to important stakeholders outside the sector, e.g. policy makers and the field of education, makes this book comprehensive. A more encompassing view on ICT and sustainability is offered to the reader and, as such, managers in higher education, educators, CIO’s, policymakers and regulators are inspired to integrate their efforts and to contribute to a transition of one of the most important and prominent sectors in our global economy.

Advanced Technologies for Future Transmission Grids

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Author: Gianluigi Migliavacca

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447145496

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 2692

The re-engineering of power transmission systems is crucial to meeting the objectives of such regulators as the European Union. In addition to its market, organisational and regulatory aspects, this re-engineering will also involve technical issues dealing with the progressive integration of innovative transmission technologies in the daily operation of transmission system operators. In this context, Advanced Technologies for Future Transmission Grids provides an overview of the most promising technologies, likely to be of help to planners of transmission grids in responding to the challenges of the future: security of supply; integration of renewable generation; and creation of integrated energy markets (using the European case as an example). These issues have increased importance because of administrative complication and the fragmentation of public opinion expressed on the build up of new infrastructure. For each technology discussed, the focus is on the technical-economic perspective rather than on purely technological points of view. A transmission-system-operator-targeted Technology Roadmap is presented for the integration of promising innovative power transmission technologies within power systems of the mid-long term. Although the primary focus of this text is in the sphere of the European energy market, the lessons learned can be generalized to the energy markets of other regions.

Renewable Energy Integration

Practical Management of Variability, Uncertainty, and Flexibility in Power Grids

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Author: Lawrence E. Jones

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124081223

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 474

View: 3377

Renewable Energy Integration is a ground-breaking new resource - the first to offer a distilled examination of the intricacies of integrating renewables into the power grid and electricity markets. It offers informed perspectives from internationally renowned experts on the challenges to be met and solutions based on demonstrated best practices developed by operators around the world. The book's focus on practical implementation of strategies provides real-world context for theoretical underpinnings and the development of supporting policy frameworks. The book considers a myriad of wind, solar, wave and tidal integration issues, thus ensuring that grid operators with low or high penetration of renewable generation can leverage the victories achieved by their peers. Renewable Energy Integration highlights, carefully explains, and illustrates the benefits of advanced technologies and systems for coping with variability, uncertainty, and flexibility. Lays out the key issues around the integration of renewables into power grids and markets, from the intricacies of operational and planning considerations, to supporting regulatory and policy frameworks Provides global case studies that highlight the challenges of renewables integration and present field-tested solutions Illustrates enabling and disruptive technologies to support the management of variability, uncertainty and flexibility

Energy Choices: How to Power the Future [2 volumes]

How to Power the Future

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Author: Robin Morris Collin,Robert William Collin

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313397201

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 441

View: 2145

A must-read for anyone seeking to understand the complex issues surrounding energy generation and use, this one-of-a-kind resource clarifies everything from the basic structure of the industry to the potential—and risks—of new technologies. • Provides students, teachers, and the public with a single reference point on the entire energy industry and the opportunity to compare and contrast energy choices • Discusses economic, environmental, and community contexts as well as the history of each covered energy source, traditional and alternative • Raises critical economic, national security, and environmental issues, including our ability to rely on traditional resources such as oil, coal, natural gas, and uranium in the future • Includes entries from the perspectives of industry insiders, environmentalists, indigenous people, and community activists • Describes energy markets, government support, and environmental impact by energy source

A Smarter, Greener Grid: Forging Environmental Progress through Smart Energy Policies and Technologies

Forging Environmental Progress through Smart Energy Policies and Technologies

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Author: Kevin B. Jones,David Zoppo

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440830711

Category: Nature

Page: 361

View: 9269

The pressing need for a smarter and greener grid is obvious, but how this goal should be achieved is much less clear. This book clearly defines the environmental promise of the smart grid and describes the policies necessary for fully achieving the environmental benefits of the digital energy revolution. • Deciphers the muddled "information" from industry leaders and policymakers about 21st-century energy technology, enabling readers to understand how a smart grid can be a cost-effective tool to benefit the climate • Provides detailed information from case studies of six early smart grid leaders to showcase the strengths and weaknesses of these programs • Identifies the legal and regulatory challenges that could prevent the successful implementation of a smart electric grid, making it clear that the issues are not purely technological • Serves ideally as a primary text for courses on smart grid technology and policy as well as a resource for graduate-level research for energy policy or climate change policy courses

Energy Management of Internet Data Centers in Smart Grid

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Author: Tao Jiang,Liang Yu,Yang Cao

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662456761

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 102

View: 6332

This book reports the latest findings on intelligent energy management of Internet data centers in smart-grid environments. The book gathers novel research ideas in Internet data center energy management, especially scenarios with cyber-related vulnerabilities, power outages and carbon emission constraints. The book will be of interest to university researchers, R&D engineers and graduate students in communication and networking areas who wish to learn the core principles, methods, algorithms, and applications of energy management of Internet data centers in smart grids.