Fundamentals of Inkjet Printing

The Science of Inkjet and Droplets

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Author: Stephen D. Hoath

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527337857

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 6969

From droplet formation to final applications, this practical book presents the subject in a comprehensive and clear form, using only content derived from the latest published results. Starting at the very beginning, the topic of fluid mechanics is explained, allowing for a suitable regime for printing inks to subsequently be selected. There then follows a discussion on different print-head types and how to form droplets, covering the behavior of droplets in flight and upon impact with the substrate, as well as the droplet's wetting and drying behavior at the substrate. Commonly observed effects, such as the coffee ring effect, are included as well as printing in the third dimension. The book concludes with a look at what the future holds. As a unique feature, worked examples both at the practical and simulation level, as well as case studies and videos are included. As a result, students and engineers in R&D will come to fully understand the complete process of inkjet printing.

Fundamentals of Inkjet Printing

The Science of Inkjet and Droplets

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Author: Stephen D. Hoath

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527684832

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 4205

From droplet formation to final applications, this practical book presents the subject in a comprehensive and clear form, using only content derived from the latest published results. Starting at the very beginning, the topic of fluid mechanics is explained, allowing for a suitable regime for printing inks to subsequently be selected. There then follows a discussion on different print-head types and how to form droplets, covering the behavior of droplets in flight and upon impact with the substrate, as well as the droplet's wetting and drying behavior at the substrate. Commonly observed effects, such as the coffee ring effect, are included as well as printing in the third dimension. The book concludes with a look at what the future holds. As a unique feature, worked examples both at the practical and simulation level, as well as case studies are included. As a result, students and engineers in R&D will come to fully understand the complete process of inkjet printing.

Inkjet Technology for Digital Fabrication

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Author: Ian M. Hutchings,Graham D. Martin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118452933

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 1110

Whilst inkjet technology is well-established on home and small office desktops and is now having increasing impact in commercial printing, it can also be used to deposit materials other than ink as individual droplets at a microscopic scale. This allows metals, ceramics, polymers and biological materials (including living cells) to be patterned on to substrates under precise digital control. This approach offers huge potential advantages for manufacturing, since inkjet methods can be used to generate structures and functions which cannot be attained in other ways. Beginning with an overview of the fundamentals, this bookcovers the key components, for example piezoelectric print-heads and fluids for inkjet printing, and the processes involved. It goes on to describe specific applications, e.g. MEMS, printed circuits, active and passive electronics, biopolymers and living cells, and additive manufacturing. Detailed case studies are included on flat-panel OLED displays, RFID (radio-frequency identification) manufacturing and tissue engineering, while a comprehensive examination of the current technologies and future directions of inkjet technology completes the coverage. With contributions from both academic researchers and leading names in the industry, Inkjet Technology for Digital Fabrication is a comprehensive resource for technical development engineers, researchers and students in inkjet technology and system development, and will also appeal to researchers in chemistry, physics, engineering, materials science and electronics.

Handbook of Industrial Inkjet Printing

A Full System Approach

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Author: Werner Zapka

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527338322

Category: Science

Page: 984

View: 369

Unique in its integration of individual topics to achieve a full-system approach, this book addresses all the aspects essential for industrial inkjet printing. After an introduction listing the industrial printing techniques available, the text goes on to discuss individual topics, such as ink, printheads and substrates, followed by metrology techniques that are required for reliable systems. Three iteration cycles are then described, including the adaptation of the ink to the printhead, the optimization of the ink to the substrate and the integration of machine manufacturing, monitoring, and data handling, among others. Finally, the book summarizes a number of case studies and success stories from selected areas, including graphics, printed electronics, and 3D printing as well a list of ink suppliers, printhead manufacturers and integrators. Practical hints are included throughout for a direct hands-on experience. Invaluable for industrial users and academics, whether ink developers or mechanical engineers, and working in areas ranging from metrology to intellectual property.

Chemistry and Technology of Water Based Inks

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Author: P. Laden

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400915470

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 1293

This book has been a long time in the making. Since its beginning the concept has been refined many times. This is a first attempt at a technical book for me and fortunately the goals I have set have been achieved. I have been involved in water based ink evaluation since its unclear begin nings in the early 1970s. This book is fashioned much like a loose-leaf binder I had put together for early reference and guidance. The format has worked for me over the years; I trust it will work for you. I would like to thank the many people who made this book possible, particularly Blackie Academic & Professional for their saint-like patience. Thanks again to W.B. Thiele (Thiele-Engdahl), to Lucille, my wife, and to James and Frank, my two boys. A final and special thank you to Richard Bach who taught me there are no limits.

Micromixers

Fundamentals, Design and Fabrication

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Author: Nam-Trung Nguyen

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 1437735215

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 908

The ability to mix minute quantities of fluids is critical in a range of recent and emerging techniques in engineering, chemistry and life sciences, with applications as diverse as inkjet printing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, specialty and hazardous chemical manufacturing, DNA analysis and disease diagnosis. The multidisciplinary nature of this field – intersecting engineering, physics, chemistry, biology, microtechnology and biotechnology – means that the community of engineers and scientists now engaged in developing microfluidic devices has entered the field from a variety of different backgrounds. Micromixers is uniquely comprehensive, in that it deals not only with the problems that are directly related to fluidics as a discipline (aspects such as mass transport, molecular diffusion, electrokinetic phenomena, flow instabilities, etc.) but also with the practical issues of fabricating micomixers and building them into microsystems and lab-on-chip assemblies.With practical applications to the design of systems vital in modern communications, medicine and industry this book has already established itself as a key reference in an emerging and important field. The 2e includes coverage of a broader range of fabrication techniques, additional examples of fully realized devices for each type of micromixer and a substantially extended section on industrial applications, including recent and emerging applications. Introduces the design and applications of micromixers for a broad audience across chemical engineering, electronics and the life sciences, and applications as diverse as lab-on-a-chip, ink jet printing, pharmaceutical manufacturing and DNA analysis Helps engineers and scientists to unlock the potential of micromixers by explaining both the scientific (microfluidics) aspects and the engineering involved in building and using successful microscale systems and devices with micromixers The author's applied approach combines experience-based discussion of the challenges and pitfalls of using micromixers, with proposals for how to overcome them

Reactive Inkjet Printing

A Chemical Synthesis Tool

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Author: Patrick J. Smith,Aoife Morrin

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782627677

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 3060

Reactive inkjet printing uses an inkjet printer to dispense one or more reactants onto a substrate to generate a physical or chemical reaction to form a product in situ. Thus, unlike traditional inkjet printing, the printed film chemistry differs to that of the initial ink droplets. The appeal of reactive inkjet printing as a chemical synthesis tool is linked to its ability to produce droplets whose size is both controllable and predictable, which means that the individual droplets can be thought of as building blocks where droplets can be added to the substrate in a high precision format to give good control and predictability over the chemical reaction. The book starts by introducing the concept of using reactive inkjet printing as a building block for making materials. Aspects such as the behaviour of printed droplets on substrate and their mixing is discussed in the first chapters. The following chapters then discuss different applications of the technique in areas including additive manufacturing and silk production, production of materials used in solar cells, printed electronics, dentistry and tissue engineering. Edited by two leading experts, Reactive Inkjet Printing: A Chemical Synthesis Tool provides a comprehensive overview of this technique and its use in fabricating functional materials for health and energy applications. The book will appeal to advanced level students in materials science.

Laser Printing of Functional Materials

3D Microfabrication, Electronics and Biomedicine

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Author: Alberto Piqué,Pere Serra

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527805117

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 5082

The first book on this hot topic includes such major research areas as printed electronics, sensors, biomaterials and 3D cell printing. Well-structured and with a strong focus on applications, the text is divided in three sections with the first describing the fundamentals of laser transfer. The second provides an overview of the wide variety of materials that can be used for laser transfer processing, while the final section comprehensively discusses a number of practical uses, including printing of electronic materials, printing of 3D structures as well as large-area, high-throughput applications. The whole is rounded off by a look at the future for laser printed materials. Invaluable reading for a broad audience ranging from material developers to mechanical engineers, from academic researchers to industrial developers and for those interested in the development of micro-scale additive manufacturing techniques.

Inkjet-based Micromanufacturing

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Author: Oliver Brand,Gary K. Fedder,Christofer Hierold,Jan G. Korvink,Osamu Tabata

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527647112

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 450

View: 7228

Inkjet-based Micromanufacturing Inkjet technology goes way beyond putting ink on paper: it enables simpler, faster and more reliable manufacturing processes in the fields of micro- and nanotechnology. Modern inkjet heads are per se precision instruments that deposit droplets of fluids on a variety of surfaces in programmable, repeating patterns, allowing, after suitable modifications and adaptations, the manufacturing of devices such as thin-film transistors, polymer-based displays and photovoltaic elements. Moreover, inkjet technology facilitates the large-scale production of flexible RFID transponders needed, eg, for automated logistics and miniaturized sensors for applications in health surveillance. The book gives an introduction to inkjet-based micromanufacturing, followed by an overview of the underlying theories and models, which provides the basis for a full understanding and a successful usage of inkjet-based methods in current microsystems research and development Overview of Inkjet-based Micromanufacturing: Thermal Inkjet Theory and Modeling Post-Printing Processes for Inorganic Inks for Plastic Electronics Applications Inkjet Ink Formulations Inkjet Fabrication of Printed Circuit Boards Antennas for Radio Frequency Identification Tags Inkjet Printing for MEMS

Printing on Polymers

Fundamentals and Applications

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Author: Joanna Izdebska,Sabu Thomas

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323375006

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 5597

Printing on Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications is the first authoritative reference covering the most important developments in the field of printing on polymers, their composites, nanocomposites, and gels. The book examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in the formulation of inks, surface activation of polymer surfaces, and various methods of printing. The book equips engineers and materials scientists with the tools required to select the correct method, assess the quality of the result, reduce costs, and keep up-to-date with regulations and environmental concerns. Choosing the correct way of decorating a particular polymer is an important part of the production process. Although printing on polymeric substrates can have desired positive effects, there can be problems associated with various decorating techniques. Physical, chemical, and thermal interactions can cause problems, such as cracking, peeling, or dulling. Safety, environmental sustainability, and cost are also significant factors which need to be considered. With contributions from leading researchers from industry, academia, and private research institutions, this book serves as a one-stop reference for this field—from print ink manufacture to polymer surface modification and characterization; and from printing methods to applications and end-of-life issues. Enables engineers to select the correct decoration method for each material and application, assess print quality, and reduce costs Increases familiarity with the terminology, tests, processes, techniques, and regulations of printing on plastic, which reduces the risk of adverse reactions, such as cracking, peeling, or dulling of the print Addresses the issues of environmental impact and cost when printing on polymeric substrates Features contributions from leading researchers from industry, academia, and private research institutions

Handbook of Atomization and Sprays

Theory and Applications

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Author: Nasser Ashgriz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441972644

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 935

View: 1011

Atomization and sprays are used in a wide range of industries: mechanical, chemical, aerospace, and civil engineering; material science and metallurgy; food; pharmaceutical, forestry, environmental protection; medicine; agriculture; meteorology and others. Some specific applications are spray combustion in furnaces, gas turbines and rockets, spray drying and cooling, air conditioning, powdered metallurgy, spray painting and coating, inhalation therapy, and many others. The Handbook of Atomization and Sprays will bring together the fundamental and applied material from all fields into one comprehensive source. Subject areas included in the reference are droplets, theoretical models and numerical simulations, phase Doppler particle analysis, applications, devices and more.

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook

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Author: Makio Naito,Toyokazu Yokoyama,Kouhei Hosokawa,Kiyoshi Nogi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444641114

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 904

View: 5925

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook, Third Edition, is an updated and expanded authoritative reference providing both the theory behind nanoparticles and the practical applications of nanotechnology. This third edition features twenty new chapters, providing a reference much broader in scope than the previous edition. Over 140 experts in nanotechnology and/or particle technology contributed to this new edition. The book not only includes the theory behind nanoparticles, but also the practical applications of nanotechnology. It examines future possibilities and new innovations and contains important knowledge on nanoparticle characterization and the effect of nanoparticles on the environment and humans. Nanoparticle technology is a new and revolutionary technology, which is increasingly used in electronic devices and nanomaterials. It handles the preparation, processing, application and characterization of nanoparticles and has become the core of nanotechnology as an extension of conventional fine particle/powder technology. Nanoparticle technology plays an important role in the implementation of nanotechnology in many engineering and industrial fields, including electronic devices, advanced ceramics, new batteries, engineered catalysts, functional paint and ink, drug delivery system, biotechnology, etc., making use of the unique properties of nanoparticles, which are completely different from those of bulk materials. Introduces all aspects of nanoparticle technology, from the fundamentals to applications Cover basic information on preparation through to the characterization of nanoparticles in a systematic way Features information on nanostructures, which play an important role in practical applications Includes the effects of nanoparticles on human health and the environment Includes applications of nanoparticles in diverse fields, including applications in new areas, such as electronics cosmetics, etc. Offers up-to-date information given by specialists in each field

Environmental, Chemical and Medical Sensors

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Author: Shantanu Bhattacharya,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Nripen Chanda,Ashok Pandey,Ashis Kumar Sen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811077517

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 409

View: 8237

This book covers the fundamentals of sensor technologies as well as the recent research for the development of environmental, chemical and medical sensor technologies. Chapters include current research on microflow cytometry, microfluidic devices, colorimetric sensors, and the development of low-cost optical densitometric sensors and paper based analytical devices for environmental and biomedical applications. Special focus has been given to nanotechnology and nanostructures- their fabrication, uses and utility in different fields of research such as for the design of tools for medical diagnostics, therapeutics, as well as for detection and estimation of pollutant levels in water and air quality monitoring. This book is intended as a resource for researchers working in the field of sensor development across the world.

Organ Printing

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Author: Dong-Woo Cho,Jung-Seob Lee,Falguni Pati,Jin Woo Jung,Jinah Jang,Jeong Hun Park

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1681740796

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 97

View: 6997

This book introduces various 3D printing systems, biomaterials, and cells for organ printing. In view of the latest applications of several 3D printing systems, their advantages and disadvantages are also discussed. A basic understanding of the entire spectrum of organ printing provides pragmatic insight into the mechanisms, methods, and applications of this discipline. Organ printing is being applied in the tissue engineering field with the purpose of developing tissue/organ constructs for the regeneration of both hard (bone, cartilage, osteochondral) and soft tissues (heart). There are other potential application areas including tissue/organ models, disease/cancer models, and models for physiology and pathology, where in vitro 3D multicellular structures developed by organ printing are valuable.

Reactive Inkjet Printing

A Chemical Synthesis Tool

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Author: Patrick J. Smith,Aoife Morrin

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782627677

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 8185

Reactive inkjet printing uses an inkjet printer to dispense one or more reactants onto a substrate to generate a physical or chemical reaction to form a product in situ. Thus, unlike traditional inkjet printing, the printed film chemistry differs to that of the initial ink droplets. The appeal of reactive inkjet printing as a chemical synthesis tool is linked to its ability to produce droplets whose size is both controllable and predictable, which means that the individual droplets can be thought of as building blocks where droplets can be added to the substrate in a high precision format to give good control and predictability over the chemical reaction. The book starts by introducing the concept of using reactive inkjet printing as a building block for making materials. Aspects such as the behaviour of printed droplets on substrate and their mixing is discussed in the first chapters. The following chapters then discuss different applications of the technique in areas including additive manufacturing and silk production, production of materials used in solar cells, printed electronics, dentistry and tissue engineering. Edited by two leading experts, Reactive Inkjet Printing: A Chemical Synthesis Tool provides a comprehensive overview of this technique and its use in fabricating functional materials for health and energy applications. The book will appeal to advanced level students in materials science.

Fundamentals and Applications of Nanomaterials

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Author: Zhen Guo,Li Tan

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1596932635

Category: Electronic books

Page: 268

View: 9790

Supported by over 90 illustrations, this timely resource offers you a broad introduction to nanomaterials, covering basic principles, technology, and cutting-edge applications. From quantum mechanics, band structure, surface chemistry, thermodynamics, and kinetics of nanomaterials, to nanomaterial characterization, nanoparticle synthesis, nanoelectronics, NEMS, and Nano-Bio materials, this groundbreaking volume offers you a solid understanding of a wide range of fundamental topics and brings you up-to-date with the latest developments in the field.

Fundamentals of Microfabrication

The Science of Miniaturization, Second Edition

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Author: Marc J. Madou

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482274000

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 752

View: 3383

MEMS technology and applications have grown at a tremendous pace, while structural dimensions have grown smaller and smaller, reaching down even to the molecular level. With this movement have come new types of applications and rapid advances in the technologies and techniques needed to fabricate the increasingly miniature devices that are literally changing our world. A bestseller in its first edition, Fundamentals of Microfabrication, Second Edition reflects the many developments in methods, materials, and applications that have emerged recently. Renowned author Marc Madou has added exercise sets to each chapter, thus answering the need for a textbook in this field. Fundamentals of Microfabrication, Second Edition offers unique, in-depth coverage of the science of miniaturization, its methods, and materials. From the fundamentals of lithography through bonding and packaging to quantum structures and molecular engineering, it provides the background, tools, and directions you need to confidently choose fabrication methods and materials for a particular miniaturization problem. New in the Second Edition Revised chapters that reflect the many recent advances in the field Updated and enhanced discussions of topics including DNA arrays, microfluidics, micromolding techniques, and nanotechnology In-depth coverage of bio-MEMs, RF-MEMs, high-temperature, and optical MEMs. Many more links to the Web Problem sets in each chapter

Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics with Applications to Physics, Engineering and the Environment

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Author: Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti,Jaime Klapp,Eloy Sira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319001914

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 6630

The book presents a collection of selected papers from the I Workshop of the Venezuelan Society of Fluid Mechanics held on Margarita Island, Venezuela from November 4 to 9, 2012. Written by experts in their respective fields, the contributions are organized into five parts: - Part I Invited Lectures, consisting of full-length technical papers on both computational and experimental fluid mechanics covering a wide range of topics from drops to multiphase and granular flows to astrophysical flows, - Part II Drops, Particles and Waves - Part III Multiphase and Multicomponent Flows - Part IV Atmospheric and Granular Flows - and Part V Turbulent and Astrophysical Flows. The book is intended for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students as well as for physicists, chemists and engineers teaching and working in the field of fluid mechanics and its applications. The contributions are the result of recent advances in theoretical and experimental research in fluid mechanics, encompassing both fundamentals as well as applications to fluid engineering design, including pipelines, turbines, flow separators, hydraulic systems and biological fluid elements, and to granular, environmental and astrophysical flows.

Fine Art Inkjet Printing

The Craft and Art of the Fine Digital Print

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Author: Jim Nickelson

Publisher: Rocky Nook, Inc.

ISBN: 1681982080

Category: Photography

Page: 240

View: 7829

In an era of digital capture, digital darkrooms, and online galleries, serious photographers still have a deep respect for the photographic print. There is a profound difference between posting your image to a website and printing and sharing your photographic work. For many, the photographic print is the only way to complete the photographic process that begins with the image’s capture. In Fine Art Inkjet Printing: The Craft and the Art of the Fine Digital Print, photographers learn all they need to know to be able to create beautiful prints worthy of building a print portfolio, selling to clients, or hanging in a home or gallery. p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Avenir Next'} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Avenir Next'; min-height: 16.0px} span.s1 {font: 11.0px Symbol} span.Apple-tab-span {white-space:pre} Author Jim Nickelson—photographer, master printer, and educator—guides you through the entire process step by step, beginning with the principles of creating a fine print. In Fine Art Inkjet Printing, you’ll learn all about: • Hardware considerations, including Epson and Canon printers • The color management process, from camera to software (Adobe Lightroom and Photoshop) to your printer’s color profiles • The best ways to capture images for maximum post-processing flexibility • Both global and local adjustments in Lightroom and Photoshop • Sharpening and noise reduction for printing • Creating black-and-white conversions for optimal printing results • Soft-proofing • Print settings for both hardware and software • Different paper options, including surfaces, substrates, brightness, color, thickness, and optical brightening agents (OBAs) • Finishing and protecting your print (flattening, drying and outgassing, trimming, signing, and using protective sprays) • Printer maintenance • How to make artistic choices based on intent and interpretation