Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling and Analysis

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Author: Chunlong Zhang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470120673

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 8152

An integrated approach to understanding the principles of sampling, chemical analysis, and instrumentation This unique reference focuses on the overall framework and why various methodologies are used in environmental sampling and analysis. An understanding of the underlying theories and principles empowers environmental professionals to select and adapt the proper sampling and analytical protocols for specific contaminants as well as for specific project applications. Covering both field sampling and laboratory analysis, Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling and Analysis includes: A review of the basic analytical and organic chemistry, statistics, hydrogeology, and environmental regulations relevant to sampling and analysis An overview of the fundamentals of environmental sampling design, sampling techniques, and quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) essential to acquire quality environmental data A detailed discussion of: the theories of absorption spectroscopy for qualitative and quantitative environmental analysis; metal analysis using various atomic absorption and emission spectrometric methods; and the instrumental principles of common chromatographic and electrochemical methods An introduction to advanced analytical techniques, including various hyphenated mass spectrometries and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy With real-life case studies that illustrate the principles plus problems and questions at the end of each chapter to solidify understanding, this is a practical, hands-on reference for practitioners and a great textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in environmental science and engineering.

Environmental Sampling and Analysis for Metals

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Author: Maria Csuros,Csaba Csuros

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420032348

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 4522

Determination of metals is a major part of the work of environmental testing laboratories. EPA and DEP methodology releases provide information only for selected areas of metals sampling and analysis, and their language makes them unsuitable for teaching and training purposes. Environmental Sampling and Analysis for Metals is a comprehensive and easy-to-read text for laboratory technicians and analytical chemists who need a guide for analyzing metals in environmental samples and a reference for analytical and quality control procedures. The book provides both theoretical and practical applications in metals analysis of environmental samples and incorporates the latest in analytical techniques, instrumentation, and regulations. Topics include sample collection, preservation, step-by-step analytical procedures, complete QA/QC requirements, data validation, and more. It also provides an overview of the occurrence, source, and fate of metallic substances in the environment, as well as their control by regulations and standards. Furthermore, the authors provide guidelines to help you prepare and understand reports. The analytical methods presented in Environmental Sampling and Analysis for Metals will be useful to anyone who produces, uses, or evaluates analytical data, and will be a valuable tool in environmental education and training programs.

Chemical Analysis

Modern Instrumentation Methods and Techniques

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Author: Francis Rouessac,Annick Rouessac

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470859049

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 4912

Completely revised and updated, Chemical Analysis: Second Edition is an essential introduction to a wide range of analytical techniques and instruments. Assuming little in the way of prior knowledge, this text carefully guides the reader through the more widely used and important techniques, whilst avoiding excessive technical detail. Provides a thorough introduction to a wide range of the most important and widely used instrumental techniques Maintains a careful balance between depth and breadth of coverage Includes examples, problems and their solutions Includes coverage of latest developments including supercritical fluid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis

Sampling and Sample Preparation in Field and Laboratory

Fundamentals and New Directions in Sample Preparation

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Author: Janusz Pawliszyn

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444505101

Category: Science

Page: 1131

View: 8751

This title is the first comprehensive book on sampling and modern sample preparation techniques and has several main objectives: to facilitate recognition of sample preparation as both an integral part of the analytical process; to present a fundamental basis and unified theoretical approach for the professional development of sample preparation; to emphasize new developments in sample preparation technology; and to highlight the future impact of sample preparation on new directions in analytical science, particularly automation, miniaturization and field implementation. Until recently, there has been relatively little scientific interest in sampling and sample preparation, however this situation is presently changing as sampling and sample preparation become integral parts of the analytical process with their own unique challenges and research opportunities. Sampling and Sample Preparation for Field and Laboratory is an essential resource for all analytical chemists, and in particular those involved in method development. Not only does it cover the fundamental aspects of extraction, it also covers applications in various matrices and includes sampling strategies and equipment and how these can be integrated into the analytical process for maximum efficiency.

Halliday Physik

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Author: David Halliday,Robert Resnick,Jearl Walker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527812598

Category: Science

Page: 1800

View: 762

Noch bessere Didaktik, noch mehr Beispiele, noch mehr Aufgaben, noch mehr Spaß - die Neuauflage des "Halliday" erfüllt alle Wünsche an ein zeitgemäßes Lehrbuch der Physik! Das Lehrbuch bietet den gesamten Stoff der einführenden Experimentalphysik-Vorlesungen für Hauptfachstudenten. Mehrere Kapitel wurden im Sinne der besseren Verständlichkeit komplett umgeschrieben, etwa zum Gauß'schen Satz und zum elektrischen Potential. Die Kapitel zur Quantenmechanik sind deutlich umfangreicher und behandeln nun die Schrödinger-Gleichung ausführlicher bis hin zur Reflexion von Materiewellen an Potentialstufen und der Schwarzkörperstrahlung. Doch für die dritte Auflage wurden die Kapitel nicht nur überarbeitet, sondern didaktisch neu strukturiert: die Lerninhalte sind nun in Modulen organisiert, wobei jede Einheit die Lernziele explizit aufführt und die Schlüsselkonzepte zusammenfasst. So können Studentinnen und Studenten zielgerichtet lernen und den Lernerfolg nach der Lektüre selbst überprüfen. Das selbstständige Lernen wird unterstützt durch rund 300 im Text durchgerechnete Beispiele, 250 Verständnis-Checks, mehr als 650 konzeptionelle Fragen sowie mehr als 2500 Aufgaben unterschiedlichen Schwierigkeitsgrads.

Handbook of Trace Analysis

Fundamentals and Applications

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Author: Irena Baranowska

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319196146

Category: Science

Page: 453

View: 9953

This handbook is unique in its comprehensive coverage of the subject and focus on practical applications in diverse fields. It includes methods for sample preparation, the role of certified reference materials, calibration methods and statistical evaluation of the results. Problems concerning inorganic and bioinorganic speciation analysis, as well as special aspects such as trace analysis of noble metals, radionuclides and volatile organic compounds are also discussed. A significant part of the content presents applications of methods and procedures in medicine (metabolomics and therapeutic drug monitoring); pharmacy (the analysis of contaminants in drugs); studies of environmental samples; food samples and forensic analytics – essential examples that will also facilitate problem solving in related areas.

Sampling and Analysis of Environmental Chemical Pollutants

A Complete Guide

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Author: E. P. Popek

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128032030

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 5022

Sampling and Analysis of Environmental Chemical Pollutants, A Complete Guide, Second Edition promotes the knowledge of data collection fundamentals and offers technically solid procedures and basic techniques that can be applied to daily workflow solutions. The book’s organization emphasizes the practical issues facing the project scientist. In focusing the book on data collection techniques that are oriented toward the project objectives, the author clearly distinguishes the important issues from the less relevant ones. Stripping away the layers of inapplicable or irrelevant recommendations, the book centers on the underlying principles of environmental sampling and analytical chemistry and summarizes the universally accepted industry practices and standards. This Guide is a resource that will help students and practicing professionals alike better understand the issues of environmental data collection, capitalize on years of existing sampling and analysis practices, and become more knowledgeable and efficient in the task at hand. The three phases of environmental chemical data collection (planning, implementation, and assessment) are explained in a logical and concise manner. A discussion on the physical and chemical properties of environmental chemical pollutants promotes the understanding of their fate and transport. A chapter on common analytical chemistry techniques, methods of compound quantitation, and laboratory quality control and quality assurance may be used as a standalone introduction to instrumental analytical chemistry. Eleven case studies demonstrate the application of the Data Quality Objectives process to the development of sampling designs and illustrate specific data interpretation problems. Numerous call-out boxes in each chapter offer practical tips on widely used industry practices, which originate from years of experience in the field. Appendices contain the most frequently used action levels and reference material, calculation aides, and useful field forms and checklists. Authored by an analytical chemist and environmental pollutant expert with more than 30 years of experience in research and industry.

Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling

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Author: Keith Bodger

Publisher: Government Institutes

ISBN: 1461624940

Category: Social Science

Page: 138

View: 8745

This easy-to-use reference not only provides you with a basic understanding of environmental sampling concepts, but it also provides you with the information you need to perform your tasks with ease and efficiency. Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling reviews key principles of geology and chemistry—information all samplers need to better understand the science of their work—covers major sampling media, and discusses how to choose the right equipment for each job. A list of "must have" tools is included in the author's recommended "Ideal Tool Kit."

Fundamentals of Air Sampling

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Author: Gregory D. Wight

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873718264

Category: Nature

Page: 272

View: 5065

There is a growing need for environmental measurement personnel who possess a solid understanding of the techniques of air pollutant sampling. This essential book explains the fundamentals of air sampling, develops the theory of gas measurement, and presents several "how-to" examples of calibration and use of air and gas sampling devices. Other topics covered range from the basics of pressure measurement and units conversion to specific discussions regarding the use of a Volatile Organic Sampling Train or a SUMMA-polished canister sampling system.

Fundamentals of Analytical Toxicology

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Author: Robert J. Flanagan,Andrew A. Taylor,Ian D. Watson,Robin Whelpton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470516283

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 6616

The analytical toxicologist may be required to detect, identify, and in many cases measure a wide variety of compounds in samples from almost any part of the body or in related materials such as residues in syringes or in soil. This book gives principles and practical information on the analysis of drugs and poisons in biological specimens, particularly clinical and forensic specimens. After providing some background information the book covers aspects of sample collection, transport, storage and disposal, and sample preparation. Analytical techniques - colour tests and spectrophotometry, chromatography and electrophoresis, mass spectrometry, and immunoassay – are covered in depth, and a chapter is devoted to the analysis of trace elements and toxic metals. General aspects of method implementation/validation and laboratory operation are detailed, as is the role of the toxicology laboratory in validating and monitoring the performance of point of care testing (POCT) devices. The book concludes with reviews of xenobiotic absorption, distribution and metabolism, pharmacokinetics, and general aspects of the interpretation of analytical toxicology results. A clearly written, practical, integrated approach to the basics of analytical toxicology. Focuses on analytical, statistical and pharmacokinetic principles rather than detailed applications. Assumes only a basic knowledge of analytical chemistry. An accompanying website provides additional material and links to related sites. Written by an experienced team of authors,Fundamentals of Analytical Toxicology is an invaluable resource for those starting out in a career in analytical toxicology across a wide range of disciplines including clinical and forensic science, food safety, and pharmaceutical development. Praise from the reviews: “This is an ambitious effort to describe in detail the many and varied aspects of the science of toxicological analysis. The 17 chapters cover every foreseeable aspect, from specimen collection through analytical techniques and quality control to pharmacological principles and interpretation of results. The authors bring together a great deal of experience in the field and have succeeded admirably in achieving their goal: "to give principles and practical information on the analysis of drugs, poisons and other relevant analytes in biological specimens...". The book is very readable and quite up-to-date, and contains many illustrative figures, charts and tables. Both the student and the practicing professional would do well to study this material carefully, as there is something here for every conceivable level of interest.” Review from Randall Baselt "This text comes highly recommended for any analytical toxicology trainee." The Bulletin of the Royal College of Pathologists “Overall, this book provides a comprehensive, thorough, clear, up to date and practical treatment of analytical toxicology at a high standard. Understanding of the text is enhanced by the use of many illustrations. Specifications, guidelines, and methods are highlighted in grey background “Boxes”. The many and up to date literature references in each chapter demonstrate the authors’ thorough work and permit easy access to deeper information. Therefore this book can be highly recommended as a valuable source of knowledge in analytical toxicology both as an introduction and for the advanced reader.” GTFCh Bulletin “Toxichem + Krimtech”, May 2008 (translated, original review in German) “Many toxicologists will add this important reference to their libraries because it competently fills a need ...” International Journal of Toxicology

Environmental Applications of Instrumental Chemical Analysis

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Author: Mahmood Barbooti

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482262649

Category: Science

Page: 604

View: 2692

This book is a comprehensive review of the instrumental analytical methods and their use in environmental monitoring site assessment and remediation follow-up operations. The increased concern about environmental issues such as water pollution, air pollution, accumulation of pollutants in food, global climate change, and effective remediation processes necessitate the precise determination of various types of chemicals in environmental samples. In general, all stages of environmental work start with the evaluation of organic and inorganic environmental samples. This important book furnishes the fundamentals of instrumental chemical analysis methods to various environmental applications and also covers recent developments in instrumental chemical methods. Covering a wide variety of topics in the field, the book: • Presents an introduction to environmental chemistry • Presents the fundamentals of instrumental chemical analysis methods that are used mostly in the environmental work. • Examines instrumental methods of analysis including UV/Vis, FTIR, atomic absorption, induced coupled plasma emission, electrochemical methods like potentiometry, voltametry, coulometry, and chromatographic methods such as GC and HPLC • Presents newly introduced chromatographic methodologies such as ion electrophoresis, and combinations of chromatography with pyrolysis methods are given • Discusses selected methods for the determinations of various pollutants in water, air, and land Readers will gain a general review of modern instrumental method of chemical analysis that is useful in environmental work and will learn how to select methods for analyzing certain samples. Analytical instrumentation and its underlying principles are presented, along with the types of sample for which each instrument is best suited. Some noninstrumental techniques, such as colorimetric detection tubes for gases and immnosassays, are also discussed.

IR-Spektroskopie

Eine Einführung

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Author: Helmut G¿nzler,Hans-Ulrich Gremlich

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527662871

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 8898

Die lange erwartete, vierte Auflage des Lehrbuchklassikers zur IR-Spektroskopie! Will man Substanzen eindeutig charakterisieren und auf ihre Reinheit berpr fen, f hrt kein Weg an der IR-Spektroskopie als Analysemethode vorbei. Pr zise und leicht verst ndlich, aktuell und sehr praxisbezogen lernen die k nftigen Anwender alles, was sie ber die IR-Spektroskopie wissen m ssen: - Aufbau und Handhabung von Spektrometern, - Vorbereitung der Proben und deren Messung, - qualitative Interpretation der Spektren, - quantitative Bestimmungen, - spezielle Anwendungsgebiete und - spezielle und verwandte Methoden. Zahlreiche Hinweise auf weiterf hrende Literatur vermitteln eine gute Orientierung bei speziellen Fragestellungen, und helfen dabei, sich zum Experten weiterzuentwickeln.

Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry

Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition

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Author: Stanley E. Manahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466553170

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 9842

Fundamentals of Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry: Sustainable Science, Fourth Edition covers university-level environmental chemistry, with toxicological chemistry integrated throughout the book. This new edition of a bestseller provides an updated text with an increased emphasis on sustainability and green chemistry. It is organized based on the five spheres of Earth’s environment: (1) the hydrosphere (water), (2) the atmosphere (air), (3) the geosphere (solid Earth), (4) the biosphere (life), and (5) the anthrosphere (the part of the environment made and used by humans). The first chapter defines environmental chemistry and each of the five environmental spheres. The second chapter presents the basics of toxicological chemistry and its relationship to environmental chemistry. Subsequent chapters are grouped by sphere, beginning with the hydrosphere and its environmental chemistry, water pollution, sustainability, and water as nature’s most renewable resource. Chapters then describe the atmosphere, its structure and importance for protecting life on Earth, air pollutants, and the sustainability of atmospheric quality. The author explains the nature of the geosphere and discusses soil for growing food as well as geosphere sustainability. He also describes the biosphere and its sustainability. The final sphere described is the anthrosphere. The text explains human influence on the environment, including climate, pollution in and by the anthrosphere, and means of sustaining this sphere. It also discusses renewable, nonpolluting energy and introduces workplace monitoring. For readers needing additional basic chemistry background, the book includes two chapters on general chemistry and organic chemistry. This updated edition includes three new chapters, new examples and figures, and many new homework problems.

Environmental Sampling and Analysis

Lab Manual

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Author: Maria Csuros

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566701785

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 683

This manual covers the latest laboratory techniques, state-of-the-art instrumentation, laboratory safety, and quality assurance and quality control requirements. In addition to complete coverage of laboratory techniques, it also provides an introduction to the inorganic nonmetallic constituents in environmental samples, their chemistry, and their control by regulations and standards. Environmental Sampling and Analysis Laboratory Manual is perfect for college and graduate students learning laboratory practices, as well as consultants and regulators who make evaluations and quality control decisions. Anyone performing laboratory procedures in an environmental lab will appreciate this unique and valuable text.

Bioavailability, Bioaccessibility and Mobility of Environmental Contaminants

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Author: John R. Dean

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470319682

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 6967

This book covers all aspects of bioavailability, as related to environmental contaminants. After a discussion of the definition of bioavailability and its context, focus is placed on the role of risk assessment and bioavailability. Methods of analysis are then discussed including a range of atomic spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques for metal analysis and chromatographic approaches for persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The occurrence, properties and eco-toxicity of POPs and metals in the soil/sediment environment are discussed. Particular emphasis is placed on the uptake of POPs and metals by plants (phytoextraction). Examples of POPs and metals in the environment are reviewed. Methods to assess the bioavailability of POPs and metals in the environment are discussed. The particular approaches considered are: non-exhaustive extraction techniques single extraction techniques sequential extraction techniques use of cyclodextrin and surfactants in-vitro gastrointestinal methods including physiological-based extraction test the use of bioasssays including earthworms. Finally, selected case studies highlight the importance of determining the bioavailability of POPs and metals.

Flow. Das Geheimnis des Glücks

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Author: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608110038

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

View: 6310

Glück kommt nicht von außen, Glück ist das, was wir aus unseren Erfahrungen machen. Dieses Buch zeigt, dass Menschen dadurch, dass sie ihr eigenes Erleben kontrollieren, die Kontrolle über ihre Lebensqualität selbst in die eigene Hand nehmen. Auf diese Weise kommen sie dem Glück immer näher. »Csikszentmihalyi beweist, was Philosophen schon seit Jahrhunderten sagen: Der Weg zum Glücklichsein liegt nicht in hohler Vergnügungssucht, sondern in sinnvoller Herausforderung.« The New York Times Wer das Glück will, muss das Chaos im eigenen Kopf beherrschen. Wer frei sein will, muss nur seine Ziele kennen. Das Buch fasst jahrzehntelange Forschung über die positiven Aspekte menschlicher Erfahrungen zusammen: Freude, Kreativität und den Prozess vollständigen Einsseins mit dem Leben, den der Autor FLOW nennt. Glück ist nichts, was man mit Geld kaufen könnte. Glück ist flow. Jeder hat dieses Gefühl schon erlebt: über sich selbst zu verfügen, im Einklang mit sich und der Welt zu sein und sein Schicksal in die eigene Hand nehmen zu können. Bei diesen seltenen Gelegenheiten spürt man ein Gefühl von Hochstimmung, von tiefer Freude, das lange anhält und zu einem Maßstab dafür wird, wie das Leben aussehen sollte. »FLOW« ist ein Buch der praktischen Lebensweisheit. Zwar gibt es keinen Königsweg zum flow, auch erfordert die Einzigartigkeit jedes Menschen einen individuellen Zugang; aber wer versteht, was flow ist, dem wird es möglich, das eigene Leben zu verändern. Diese Veränderungen hängen nicht so sehr von äußeren Ereignissen ab, sondern eher davon, wie wir sie deuten. - Glück ist ein Zustand, für den man bereit sein muss, den jeder einzelne kultivieren und für sich verteidigen muss. Menschen, die lernen, ihre innere Erfahrung zu kontrollieren, können ihre Lebensqualität bestimmen; und das kommt dem, was wir gewöhnlich Glück nennen, wohl am allernächsten. »"Flow. Das Geheimnis des Glücks" zeigt, dass Glück nicht vom Himmel fällt. Die Fähigkeit zum Glücklichsein und FLOW zu empfinden, steckt in jedem. Mit Konzentration auf das, was man tut, kann man den Zustand des FLOW erreichen. Ein tolles Buch, das Lust auf Leistung macht.« Wolfgang Joop Flow bezeichnet einen Zustand des Glücksgefühls, in den Menschen geraten, wenn sie gänzlich in einer Beschäftigung »aufgehen«. Entgegen ersten Erwartungen erreichen wir diesen Zustand nahezu euphorischer Stimmung meistens nicht beim Nichtstun oder im Urlaub, sondern wenn wir uns intensiv der Arbeit oder einer schwierigen Aufgabe widmen. Laut The Independent gehört Mihaly Csikszentmihalys »Flow. Das Geheimnis des Glücks« zu den 33 Büchern, die man gelesen haben muss, bevor man 30 wird.

Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry, Third Edition

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Author: Stanley E. Manahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420052691

Category: Science

Page: 1264

View: 3999

Written by an expert, using the same approach that made the previous two editions so successful, Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry, Third Edition expands the scope of book to include the strongly emerging areas broadly described as sustainability science and technology, including green chemistry and industrial ecology. The new edition includes: Increased emphasis on the applied aspects of environmental chemistry Hot topics such as global warming and biomass energy Integration of green chemistry and sustainability concepts throughout the text More and updated questions and answers, including some that require Internet research Lecturers Pack on CD-ROM with solutions manual, PowerPoint presentations, and chapter figures available upon qualifying course adoptions The book provides a basic course in chemical science, including the fundamentals of organic chemistry and biochemistry. The author uses real-life examples from environmetnal chemistry, green chemistry, and related areas while maintaining brevity and simplicity in his explanation of concepts. Building on this foundation, the book covers environmental chemistry, broadly defined to include sustainability aspects, green chemistry, industrial ecology, and related areas. These chapters are organized around the five environmental spheres, the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, biosphere, and the anthrosphere. The last two chapters discuss analytical chemistry and its relevance to environmental chemistry. Manahan’s clear, concise, and readable style makes the information accessible, regardless of the readers’ level of chemistry knowledge. He demystifies the material for those who need the basics of chemical science for their trade, profession, or study curriculum, as well as for readers who want to have an understanding of the fundamentals of sustainable chemistry in its crucial role in maintaining a livable planet.

Fundamentals of Mold Growth in Indoor Environments and Strategies for Healthy Living

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Author: Olaf C. G. Adan,Robert A. Samson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867227

Category: NATURE

Page: 523

View: 5899

Today, indoor mold and moisture, and their associated health effects, are a society-wide problem. The economic consequences of indoor mold and moisture are enormous. Their global dimension has been emphasized in several recent international publications, stressing that the most important means for avoiding adverse health effects is the prevention (or minimization) of persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and in building structures.This book aims to describe the fundamentals of indoor mold growth as a prerequisite to tackle mold growth in the existing building stock as well as in future energy efficient buildings. It brings together different disciplinary points of view on indoor mold, ranging from physics and material science to microbiology and health sciences. The contents have been outlined according to three main issues: Fundamentals, particularly addressing the crucial roles of water and materials, Health, including a state-of-the-art description of the health-related effects of indoor molds, and Strategies, integrating remediation, prevention and policies.

Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience

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Author: Robin Gill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118957946

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 1160

Chemical principles are fundamental to the Earth sciences, andgeoscience students increasingly require a firm grasp of basicchemistry to succeed in their studies. The enlarged third editionof this highly regarded textbook introduces the student to such‘geo-relevant’ chemistry, presented in the same lucidand accessible style as earlier editions, but the new edition hasbeen strengthened in its coverage of environmental geoscience andincorporates a new chapter introducing isotope geochemistry. The book comprises three broad sections. The first (Chapters1–4) deals with the basic physical chemistry of geologicalprocesses. The second (Chapters 5–8) introduces thewave-mechanical view of the atom and explains the various types ofchemical bonding that give Earth materials their diverse anddistinctive properties. The final chapters (9–11) survey thegeologically relevant elements and isotopes, and explain theirformation and their abundances in the cosmos and the Earth. Thebook concludes with an extensive glossary of terms; appendicescover basic maths, explain basic solution chemistry, and list thechemical elements and the symbols, units and constants used in thebook.