Functional and Shape Data Analysis


Author: Anuj Srivastava,Eric P. Klassen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493940201

Category: Mathematics

Page: 447

View: 7552

This textbook for courses on function data analysis and shape data analysis describes how to define, compare, and mathematically represent shapes, with a focus on statistical modeling and inference. It is aimed at graduate students in analysis in statistics, engineering, applied mathematics, neuroscience, biology, bioinformatics, and other related areas. The interdisciplinary nature of the broad range of ideas covered—from introductory theory to algorithmic implementations and some statistical case studies—is meant to familiarize graduate students with an array of tools that are relevant in developing computational solutions for shape and related analyses. These tools, gleaned from geometry, algebra, statistics, and computational science, are traditionally scattered across different courses, departments, and disciplines; Functional and Shape Data Analysis offers a unified, comprehensive solution by integrating the registration problem into shape analysis, better preparing graduate students for handling future scientific challenges. Recently, a data-driven and application-oriented focus on shape analysis has been trending. This text offers a self-contained treatment of this new generation of methods in shape analysis of curves. Its main focus is shape analysis of functions and curves—in one, two, and higher dimensions—both closed and open. It develops elegant Riemannian frameworks that provide both quantification of shape differences and registration of curves at the same time. Additionally, these methods are used for statistically summarizing given curve data, performing dimension reduction, and modeling observed variability. It is recommended that the reader have a background in calculus, linear algebra, numerical analysis, and computation.

Graphs in Biomedical Image Analysis, Computational Anatomy and Imaging Genetics

First International Workshop, GRAIL 2017, 6th International Workshop, MFCA 2017, and Third International Workshop, MICGen 2017, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2017, Québec City, QC, Canada, September 10–14, 2017, Proceedings


Author: M. Jorge Cardoso,Tal Arbel,Enzo Ferrante,Xavier Pennec,Adrian V. Dalca,Sarah Parisot,Sarang Joshi,Nematollah K. Batmanghelich,Aristeidis Sotiras,Mads Nielsen,Mert R. Sabuncu,Tom Fletcher,Li Shen,Stanley Durrleman,Stefan Sommer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331967675X

Category: Computers

Page: 250

View: 1618

This book constitutes the refereed joint proceedings of the First International Workshop on Graphs in Biomedical Image Analysis, GRAIL 2017, the 6th International Workshop on Mathematical Foundations of Computational Anatomy, MFCA 2017, and the Third International Workshop on Imaging Genetics, MICGen 2017, held in conjunction with the 20th International Conference on Medical Imaging and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2017, in Québec City, QC, Canada, in September 2017. The 7 full papers presented at GRAIL 2017, the 10 full papers presented at MFCA 2017, and the 5 full papers presented at MICGen 2017 were carefully reviewed and selected. The GRAIL papers cover a wide range of graph based medical image analysis methods and applications, including probabilistic graphical models, neuroimaging using graph representations, machine learning for diagnosis prediction, and shape modeling. The MFCA papers deal with theoretical developments in non-linear image and surface registration in the context of computational anatomy. The MICGen papers cover topics in the field of medical genetics, computational biology and medical imaging.

Applied Functional Data Analysis

Methods and Case Studies


Author: J.O. Ramsay,B.W. Silverman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387224653

Category: Mathematics

Page: 191

View: 7021

This book contains the ideas of functional data analysis by a number of case studies. The case studies are accessible to research workers in a wide range of disciplines. Every reader should gain not only a specific understanding of the methods of functional data analysis, but more importantly a general insight into the underlying patterns of thought. There is an associated web site with MATLABr and S?PLUSr implementations of the methods discussed.

Missing and Modified Data in Nonparametric Estimation

With R Examples


Author: Sam Efromovich

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351679848

Category: Mathematics

Page: 448

View: 7102

This book presents a systematic and unified approach for modern nonparametric treatment of missing and modified data via examples of density and hazard rate estimation, nonparametric regression, filtering signals, and time series analysis. All basic types of missing at random and not at random, biasing, truncation, censoring, and measurement errors are discussed, and their treatment is explained. Ten chapters of the book cover basic cases of direct data, biased data, nondestructive and destructive missing, survival data modified by truncation and censoring, missing survival data, stationary and nonstationary time series and processes, and ill-posed modifications. The coverage is suitable for self-study or a one-semester course for graduate students with a prerequisite of a standard course in introductory probability. Exercises of various levels of difficulty will be helpful for the instructor and self-study. The book is primarily about practically important small samples. It explains when consistent estimation is possible, and why in some cases missing data should be ignored and why others must be considered. If missing or data modification makes consistent estimation impossible, then the author explains what type of action is needed to restore the lost information. The book contains more than a hundred figures with simulated data that explain virtually every setting, claim, and development. The companion R software package allows the reader to verify, reproduce and modify every simulation and used estimators. This makes the material fully transparent and allows one to study it interactively. Sam Efromovich is the Endowed Professor of Mathematical Sciences and the Head of the Actuarial Program at the University of Texas at Dallas. He is well known for his work on the theory and application of nonparametric curve estimation and is the author of Nonparametric Curve Estimation: Methods, Theory, and Applications. Professor Sam Efromovich is a Fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and the American Statistical Association.

Recent Advances in Functional Data Analysis and Related Topics


Author: Frédéric Ferraty

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783790827361

Category: Mathematics

Page: 322

View: 6542

New technologies allow us to handle increasingly large datasets, while monitoring devices are becoming ever more sophisticated. This high-tech progress produces statistical units sampled over finer and finer grids. As the measurement points become closer, the data can be considered as observations varying over a continuum. This intrinsic continuous data (called functional data) can be found in various fields of science, including biomechanics, chemometrics, econometrics, environmetrics, geophysics, medicine, etc. The failure of standard multivariate statistics to analyze such functional data has led the statistical community to develop appropriate statistical methodologies, called Functional Data Analysis (FDA). Today, FDA is certainly one of the most motivating and popular statistical topics due to its impact on crucial societal issues (health, environment, etc). This is why the FDA statistical community is rapidly growing, as are the statistical developments . Therefore, it is necessary to organize regular meetings in order to provide a state-of-art review of the recent advances in this fascinating area. This book collects selected and extended papers presented at the second International Workshop of Functional and Operatorial Statistics (Santander, Spain, 16-18 June, 2011), in which many outstanding experts on FDA will present the most relevant advances in this pioneering statistical area. Undoubtedly, these proceedings will be an essential resource for academic researchers, master students, engineers, and practitioners not only in statistics but also in numerous related fields of application.

Einführung in Statistik und Messwertanalyse für Physiker



Author: G. Bohm,G. Zech

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540257592


Page: 400

View: 2070

Die Einf]hrung in die Statistik und Messwertanalyse f]r Physiker richtet sich weniger an mathematischen \berlegungen aus, sondern stellt die praktische Anwendung in den Vordergrund und schdrft die Intuition experimentelle Ergebnisse richtig einzuschdtzen. Zahlreiche ausf]hrlich betrachtete Beispiele dienen dazu, hdufig bei der Datenanalyse gemachte Fehler zu vermeiden (unsinnige Anwendung des Chi-Quadrattests, Funktionenanpassung bei falscher Parametrisierung, Entfaltung mit willk]rlicher Regularisierung). Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf den Vergleich von Daten mit Monte-Carlo-Simulationen gelenkt. Moderne Experimente kommen nicht ohne Simulation aus. Deshalb ist es wichtig zu wissen, wie Parameteranpassungen und Entfaltungen in diesem Fall durchgef]rt werden. Au_erdem werden den Studierenden moderne Entwicklungen der Statistik nahegebracht, die in dlteren Lehrb]chern nicht behandelt werden.

Functional Data Analysis


Author: Jim Ramsay,James Ramsay,B. W. Silverman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387400808

Category: Mathematics

Page: 426

View: 3644

This second edition is aimed at a wider range of readers, and especially those who would like to apply these techniques to their research problems. It complements the authors' other volume Applied Functional Data Analysis: Methods and Case Studies. In particular, there is an extended coverage of data smoothing and other matters arising in the preliminaries to a functional data analysis. The chapters on the functional linear model and modeling of the dynamics of systems through the use of differential equations and principal differential analysis have been completely rewritten and extended to include new developments. Other chapters have been revised substantially, often to give more weight to examples and practical considerations.

Geometry Driven Statistics


Author: Ian L. Dryden,John T. Kent

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118866576

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 1478

A timely collection of advanced, original material in the area of statistical methodology motivated by geometric problems, dedicated to the influential work of Kanti V. Mardia This volume celebrates Kanti V. Mardia′s long and influential career in statistics. A common theme unifying much of Mardia s work is the importance of geometry in statistics, and to highlight the areas emphasized in his research this book brings together 16 contributions from high–profile researchers in the field. Geometry Driven Statistics covers a wide range of application areas including directional data, shape analysis, spatial data, climate science, fingerprints, image analysis, computer vision and bioinformatics. The book will appeal to statisticians and others with an interest in data motivated by geometric considerations. Summarizing the state of the art, examining some new developments and presenting a vision for the future, Geometry Driven Statistics will enable the reader to broaden knowledge of important research areas in statistics and gain a new appreciation of the work and influence of Kanti V. Mardia.

Data mining

praktische Werkzeuge und Techniken für das maschinelle Lernen


Author: Ian H. Witten,Eibe Frank

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783446215337


Page: 386

View: 7719

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie


Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 6733

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.

The Statistical Theory of Shape


Author: Christopher G. Small

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461240328

Category: Mathematics

Page: 230

View: 8663

In general terms, the shape of an object, data set, or image can be de fined as the total of all information that is invariant under translations, rotations, and isotropic rescalings. Thus two objects can be said to have the same shape if they are similar in the sense of Euclidean geometry. For example, all equilateral triangles have the same shape, and so do all cubes. In applications, bodies rarely have exactly the same shape within measure ment error. In such cases the variation in shape can often be the subject of statistical analysis. The last decade has seen a considerable growth in interest in the statis tical theory of shape. This has been the result of a synthesis of a number of different areas and a recognition that there is considerable common ground among these areas in their study of shape variation. Despite this synthesis of disciplines, there are several different schools of statistical shape analysis. One of these, the Kendall school of shape analysis, uses a variety of mathe matical tools from differential geometry and probability, and is the subject of this book. The book does not assume a particularly strong background by the reader in these subjects, and so a brief introduction is provided to each of these topics. Anyone who is unfamiliar with this material is advised to consult a more complete reference. As the literature on these subjects is vast, the introductory sections can be used as a brief guide to the literature.

Graphische Semiologie

Diagramme, Netze, Karten


Author: Jacques Bertin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110834901

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 8712

Statistical Analysis of Financial Data in R


Author: René Carmona

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461487889

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 588

View: 8319

Although there are many books on mathematical finance, few deal with the statistical aspects of modern data analysis as applied to financial problems. This textbook fills this gap by addressing some of the most challenging issues facing financial engineers. It shows how sophisticated mathematics and modern statistical techniques can be used in the solutions of concrete financial problems. Concerns of risk management are addressed by the study of extreme values, the fitting of distributions with heavy tails, the computation of values at risk (VaR), and other measures of risk. Principal component analysis (PCA), smoothing, and regression techniques are applied to the construction of yield and forward curves. Time series analysis is applied to the study of temperature options and nonparametric estimation. Nonlinear filtering is applied to Monte Carlo simulations, option pricing and earnings prediction. This textbook is intended for undergraduate students majoring in financial engineering, or graduate students in a Master in finance or MBA program. It is sprinkled with practical examples using market data, and each chapter ends with exercises. Practical examples are solved in the R computing environment. They illustrate problems occurring in the commodity, energy and weather markets, as well as the fixed income, equity and credit markets. The examples, experiments and problem sets are based on the library Rsafd developed for the purpose of the text. The book should help quantitative analysts learn and implement advanced statistical concepts. Also, it will be valuable for researchers wishing to gain experience with financial data, implement and test mathematical theories, and address practical issues that are often ignored or underestimated in academic curricula. This is the new, fully-revised edition to the book Statistical Analysis of Financial Data in S-Plus. René Carmona is the Paul M. Wythes '55 Professor of Engineering and Finance at Princeton University in the department of Operations Research and Financial Engineering, and Director of Graduate Studies of the Bendheim Center for Finance. His publications include over one hundred articles and eight books in probability and statistics. He was elected Fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics in 1984, and of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics in 2010. He is on the editorial board of several peer-reviewed journals and book series. Professor Carmona has developed computer programs for teaching statistics and research in signal analysis and financial engineering. He has worked for many years on energy, the commodity markets and more recently in environmental economics, and he is recognized as a leading researcher and expert in these areas.

Progress in Advanced Structural and Functional Materials Design


Author: Tomoyuki Kakeshita

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431540644

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 290

View: 3758

This book describes clearly various research topics investigated for these 10 years in the Research Center of Advanced Structural and Functional Materials Design in Osaka University, Japan. Every chapter is aimed at understanding most advanced researches in materials science by describing its fundamentals and details as much as possible. Since both general explanations and cutting-edge commentaries are given for each topic in this book, it provides a lot of useful information for ordinary readers as well as materials scientists & engineers who wish to understand the future development in materials science fields of metals, alloys, ceramics, semiconductors etc. In particular, this book deals with special fusion area of structural and functional materials such as medical bone materials, of which contents are very unique features as materials science textbook.

Datenanalyse mit Python

Auswertung von Daten mit Pandas, NumPy und IPython


Author: Wes McKinney

Publisher: O'Reilly

ISBN: 3960102143

Category: Computers

Page: 542

View: 6476

Erfahren Sie alles über das Manipulieren, Bereinigen, Verarbeiten und Aufbereiten von Datensätzen mit Python: Aktualisiert auf Python 3.6, zeigt Ihnen dieses konsequent praxisbezogene Buch anhand konkreter Fallbeispiele, wie Sie eine Vielzahl von typischen Datenanalyse-Problemen effektiv lösen. Gleichzeitig lernen Sie die neuesten Versionen von pandas, NumPy, IPython und Jupyter kennen.Geschrieben von Wes McKinney, dem Begründer des pandas-Projekts, bietet Datenanalyse mit Python einen praktischen Einstieg in die Data-Science-Tools von Python. Das Buch eignet sich sowohl für Datenanalysten, für die Python Neuland ist, als auch für Python-Programmierer, die sich in Data Science und Scientific Computing einarbeiten wollen. Daten und zugehöriges Material des Buchs sind auf GitHub verfügbar.Aus dem Inhalt:Nutzen Sie die IPython-Shell und Jupyter Notebook für das explorative ComputingLernen Sie Grundfunktionen und fortgeschrittene Features von NumPy kennenSetzen Sie die Datenanalyse-Tools der pandasBibliothek einVerwenden Sie flexible Werkzeuge zum Laden, Bereinigen, Transformieren, Zusammenführen und Umformen von DatenErstellen Sie interformative Visualisierungen mit matplotlibWenden Sie die GroupBy-Mechanismen von pandas an, um Datensätzen zurechtzuschneiden, umzugestalten und zusammenzufassenAnalysieren und manipulieren Sie verschiedenste Zeitreihen-DatenFür diese aktualisierte 2. Auflage wurde der gesamte Code an Python 3.6 und die neuesten Versionen der pandas-Bibliothek angepasst. Neu in dieser Auflage: Informationen zu fortgeschrittenen pandas-Tools sowie eine kurze Einführung in statsmodels und scikit-learn.

Spatio-temporal Image Analysis for Longitudinal and Time-Series Image Data

Third International Workshop, STIA 2014, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2014, Boston, MA, USA, September 18, 2014, Revised Selected Papers


Author: Stanley Durrleman,Tom Fletcher,Guido Gerig,Marc Niethammer,Xavier Pennec

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319149059

Category: Computers

Page: 89

View: 6578

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Spatio-temporal Image Analysis for Longitudinal and Time-Series Image Data, STIA 2014, held in conjunction with MICCAI 2014 in Boston, MA, USA, in September 2014. The 7 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 15 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named: longitudinal registration and shape modeling, longitudinal modeling, reconstruction from longitudinal data, and 4D image processing.

An Introduction to Statistical Modeling of Extreme Values


Author: Stuart Coles

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447136756

Category: Mathematics

Page: 209

View: 1337

Directly oriented towards real practical application, this book develops both the basic theoretical framework of extreme value models and the statistical inferential techniques for using these models in practice. Intended for statisticians and non-statisticians alike, the theoretical treatment is elementary, with heuristics often replacing detailed mathematical proof. Most aspects of extreme modeling techniques are covered, including historical techniques (still widely used) and contemporary techniques based on point process models. A wide range of worked examples, using genuine datasets, illustrate the various modeling procedures and a concluding chapter provides a brief introduction to a number of more advanced topics, including Bayesian inference and spatial extremes. All the computations are carried out using S-PLUS, and the corresponding datasets and functions are available via the Internet for readers to recreate examples for themselves. An essential reference for students and researchers in statistics and disciplines such as engineering, finance and environmental science, this book will also appeal to practitioners looking for practical help in solving real problems. Stuart Coles is Reader in Statistics at the University of Bristol, UK, having previously lectured at the universities of Nottingham and Lancaster. In 1992 he was the first recipient of the Royal Statistical Society's research prize. He has published widely in the statistical literature, principally in the area of extreme value modeling.

New Advances in Statistics and Data Science


Author: Ding-Geng Chen,Zhezhen Jin,Gang Li,Yi Li,Aiyi Liu,Yichuan Zhao

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319694162

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 3650

This book is comprised of the presentations delivered at the 25th ICSA Applied Statistics Symposium held at the Hyatt Regency Atlanta, on June 12-15, 2016. This symposium attracted more than 700 statisticians and data scientists working in academia, government, and industry from all over the world. The theme of this conference was the “Challenge of Big Data and Applications of Statistics,” in recognition of the advent of big data era, and the symposium offered opportunities for learning, receiving inspirations from old research ideas and for developing new ones, and for promoting further research collaborations in the data sciences. The invited contributions addressed rich topics closely related to big data analysis in the data sciences, reflecting recent advances and major challenges in statistics, business statistics, and biostatistics. Subsequently, the six editors selected 19 high-quality presentations and invited the speakers to prepare full chapters for this book, which showcases new methods in statistics and data sciences, emerging theories, and case applications from statistics, data science and interdisciplinary fields. The topics covered in the book are timely and have great impact on data sciences, identifying important directions for future research, promoting advanced statistical methods in big data science, and facilitating future collaborations across disciplines and between theory and practice.

Topologie I

Erster Band. Grundbegriffe der Mengentheoretischen Topologie Topologie der Komplexe · Topologische Invarianzsätze und Anschliessende Begriffsbildungen · Verschlingungen im n-Dimensionalen Euklidischen Raum Stetige Abbildungen von Polyedern


Author: Paul Alexandroff,H. Hopf

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662020211

Category: Mathematics

Page: 638

View: 7585

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Statistical Analysis of Extreme Values

with Applications to Insurance, Finance, Hydrology and Other Fields


Author: Rolf-Dieter Reiss,Michael Thomas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764373997

Category: Mathematics

Page: 511

View: 9100

Statistical analysis of extreme data is vital to many disciplines including hydrology, insurance, finance, engineering and environmental sciences. This book provides a self-contained introduction to parametric modeling, exploratory analysis and statistical interference for extreme values. For this Third Edition, the entire text has been thoroughly updated and rearranged to meet contemporary requirements, with new sections and chapters address such topics as dependencies, the conditional analysis and the multivariate modeling of extreme data. New chapters include An Overview of Reduced-Bias Estimation; The Spectral Decomposition Methodology; About Tail Independence; and Extreme Value Statistics of Dependent Random Variables.