From Computing to Computational Thinking

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Author: Paul S. Wang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351630229

Category: Mathematics

Page: 266

View: 8781

Computational Thinking (CT) involves fundamental concepts and reasoning, distilled from computer science and other computational sciences, which become powerful general mental tools for solving problems, increasing efficiency, reducing complexity, designing procedures, or interacting with humans and machines. An easy-to-understand guidebook, From Computing to Computational Thinking gives you the tools for understanding and using CT. It does not assume experience or knowledge of programming or of a programming language, but explains concepts and methods for CT with clarity and depth. Successful applications in diverse disciplines have shown the power of CT in problem solving. The book uses puzzles, games, and everyday examples as starting points for discussion and for connecting abstract thinking patterns to real-life situations. It provides an interesting and thought-provoking way to gain general knowledge about modern computing and the concepts and thinking processes underlying modern digital technologies.

Computational Thinking

Des Welt des algorithmischen Denkens – in Spielen, Zaubertricks und Rätseln

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Author: Paul Curzon,Peter W. McOwan

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662567741

Category: Computers

Page: 230

View: 7669

In diesem Buch lernen Sie die Grundzüge und Vorteile des Computational Thinking kennen, also des analytischen, von Algorithmen geprägten Denkens. Die Autoren behandeln dabei unterhaltsam und anwendungsbezogen die Grundelemente dieser Denkweise - darunter Denken in Algorithmen, Zerlegung, Abstraktion und Mustererkennung. Diese Prinzipien werden anschaulich an Hand von Zaubertricks, Spielen und Rätseln, aber auch an echten, anspruchsvollen Problemen erklärt. Sie erkunden dabei auch die Verbindungen zwischen Computational Thinking und wissenschaftlichem, aber auch kreativem Denken - und wie daraus Innovationen entstehen können. Computational Thinking hat die Art und Weise, wie wir alle leben, arbeiten und spielen, verändert. Es hat Auswirkungen darauf, wie Wissenschaft betrieben wird, Kriege gewonnen, ganz neue Industrien geschaffen und Leben gerettet werden. Es ist das Herzstück der Programmierung und ein leistungsfähiger Ansatz zur Problemlösung, mit oder ohne Computer. In einigen Ländern werden bereits Kindern in der Grundschule diese Fertigkeiten beigebracht. Ob Sie also einfach wissen wollen, um was es beim Computational Thinking geht oder ob Sie neue Möglichkeiten finden wollen, auch im Alltag effektiver zu werden, ob Sie (Informatik-)Lehrer oder Schüler sind oder einfach Spaß an Spielen und Rätseln haben – in diesem Buch finden Sie die nötigen Grundlagen.

Computational Thinking in the STEM Disciplines

Foundations and Research Highlights

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Author: Myint Swe Khine

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319935666

Category: Education

Page: 325

View: 323

This book covers studies of computational thinking related to linking, infusing, and embedding computational thinking elements to school curricula, teacher education and STEM related subjects. Presenting the distinguished and exemplary works by educators and researchers in the field highlighting the contemporary trends and issues, creative and unique approaches, innovative methods, frameworks, pedagogies and theoretical and practical aspects in computational thinking. A decade ago the notion of computational thinking was introduced by Jeannette Wing and envisioned that computational thinking will be a fundamental skill that complements to reading, writing and arithmetic for everyone and represents a universally applicable attitude. The computational thinking is considered a thought processes involved in a way of solving problems, designing systems, and understanding human behaviour. Assimilating computational thinking at young age will assist them to enhance problem solving skills, improve logical reasoning, and advance analytical ability - key attributes to succeed in the 21st century. Educators around the world are investing their relentless effort in equipping the young generation with real-world skills ready for the demand and challenges of the future. It is commonly believed that computational thinking will play a pivotal and dominant role in this endeavour. Wide-ranging research on and application of computational thinking in education have been emerged in the last ten years. This book will document attempts to conduct systematic, prodigious and multidisciplinary research in computational thinking and present their findings and accomplishments.

Mastering Modern Linux

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Author: Paul S. Wang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351211285

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 3278

Praise for the First Edition: "This outstanding book ... gives the reader robust concepts and implementable knowledge of this environment. Graphical user interface (GUI)-based users and developers do not get short shrift, despite the command-line interface’s (CLI) full-power treatment. ... Every programmer should read the introduction’s Unix/Linux philosophy section. ... This authoritative and exceptionally well-constructed book has my highest recommendation. It will repay careful and recursive study." --Computing Reviews, August 2011 Mastering Modern Linux, Second Edition retains much of the good material from the previous edition, with extensive updates and new topics added. The book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to Linux concepts, usage, and programming. The text helps the reader master Linux with a well-selected set of topics, and encourages hands-on practice. The first part of the textbook covers interactive use of Linux via the Graphical User Interface (GUI) and the Command-Line Interface (CLI), including comprehensive treatment of the Gnome desktop and the Bash Shell. Using different apps, commands and filters, building pipelines, and matching patterns with regular expressions are major focuses. Next comes Bash scripting, file system structure, organization, and usage. The following chapters present networking, the Internet and the Web, data encryption, basic system admin, as well as Web hosting. The Linux Apache MySQL/MariaDB PHP (LAMP) Web hosting combination is also presented in depth. In the last part of the book, attention is turned to C-level programming. Topics covered include the C compiler, preprocessor, debugger, I/O, file manipulation, process control, inter-process communication, and networking. The book includes many examples and complete programs ready to download and run. A summary and exercises of varying degrees of difficulty can be found at the end of each chapter. A companion website (http://mml.sofpower.com) provides appendices, information updates, an example code package, and other resources for instructors, as well as students.

Computational Thinking for the Modern Problem Solver

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Author: David D. Riley,Kenny A. Hunt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466587776

Category: Mathematics

Page: 405

View: 6084

Through examples and analogies, Computational Thinking for the Modern Problem Solver introduces computational thinking as part of an introductory computing course and shows how computer science concepts are applicable to other fields. It keeps the material accessible and relevant to noncomputer science majors. With numerous color figures, this classroom-tested book focuses on both foundational computer science concepts and engineering topics. It covers abstraction, algorithms, logic, graph theory, social issues of software, and numeric modeling as well as execution control, problem-solving strategies, testing, and data encoding and organizing. The text also discusses fundamental concepts of programming, including variables and assignment, sequential execution, selection, repetition, control abstraction, data organization, and concurrency. The authors present the algorithms using language-independent notation.

Learner-Centered Design of Computing Education

Research on Computing for Everyone

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Author: Mark Guzdial

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1627058494

Category: Computers

Page: 165

View: 8514

Computing education is in enormous demand. Many students (both children and adult) are realizing that they will need programming in the future. This book presents the argument that they are not all going to use programming in the same way and for the same purposes. What do we mean when we talk about teaching everyone to program? When we target a broad audience, should we have the same goals as computer science education for professional software developers? How do we design computing education that works for everyone? This book proposes use of a learner-centered design approach to create computing education for a broad audience. It considers several reasons for teaching computing to everyone and how the different reasons lead to different choices about learning goals and teaching methods. The book reviews the history of the idea that programming isn’t just for the professional software developer. It uses research studies on teaching computing in liberal arts programs, to graphic designers, to high school teachers, in order to explore the idea that computer science for everyone requires us to re-think how we teach and what we teach. The conclusion describes how we might create computing education for everyone.

Planning the Primary National Curriculum

A complete guide for trainees and teachers

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Author: Keira Sewell

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 1473927994

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 4262

To prepare to teach the new Primary National Curriculum, you need more than just the Programmes of Study. You need a resource to help you understand, plan for, teach and assess the curriculum. This is it! Your guide to planning the 2014 primary national curriculum. This book explores how to plan in primary schools. It covers curriculum design and structure, challenges to learning, and how children learn. For each curriculum subject the programme of study is included, with notes to help you interpret it for your own class. The text covers how the teaching of each subject can be organised, assessment opportunities, key and essential resources in each subject, and how ICT can best be used in each subject to enhance teaching. Sequenced lesson examples in all subject chapters link theory to practice and highlight progression. The final section of the book explores the many ways in which the curriculum can be delivered. The creative curriculum, dialogic teaching, cross curricular learning and more current thinking about interpreting the curriculum.

Die technologische Singularität

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Author: Murray Shanahan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783957574404

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 8423

›Technologische Singularität‹ bezeichnet den Zeitpunkt, an dem von künstlicher Intelligenz gesteuerte Maschinen sich fortlaufend selbst so zu verbessern imstande sind, dass sie sich der Beherrschung durch Menschenhand entziehen. Der Robotikspezialist Murray Shanahan beschreibt die unterschiedlichen derzeit weltweit vorangetriebenen technologischen Entwicklungen, die zu einem solchen Ereignis führen können. Er führt auf verständliche Weise in die komplexen Forschungen ein, die unsere nächste Zukunft verändern werden. Aus der Perspektive eines Praktikers beschäftigt er sich mit der Frage, ob künstliche Intelligenz über Bewusstsein verfügen kann, und entwickelt moralische Ansätze zu einem verantwortlichen Umgang mit dieser zumeist als Katastrophenszenario gezeichneten Zukunftsfantasie.

Teaching Computational Thinking and Coding in Primary Schools

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Author: David Morris,Gurmit Uppal,David Wells

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 1526414694

Category: Education

Page: 172

View: 2282

This core text for trainee primary teachers is a guide to the teaching of computing and coding, and provides an exploration of how children develop their computational thinking.

Emerging Research, Practice, and Policy on Computational Thinking

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Author: Peter J. Rich,Charles B. Hodges

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331952691X

Category: Education

Page: 413

View: 5080

This book reports on research and practice on computational thinking and the effect it is having on education worldwide, both inside and outside of formal schooling. With coding becoming a required skill in an increasing number of national curricula (e.g., the United Kingdom, Israel, Estonia, Finland), the ability to think computationally is quickly becoming a primary 21st century “basic” domain of knowledge. The authors of this book investigate how this skill can be taught and its resultant effects on learning throughout a student's education, from elementary school to adult learning.

Der Turing Omnibus

Eine Reise durch die Informatik mit 66 Stationen

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Author: A.K. Dewdney

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642788726

Category: Computers

Page: 496

View: 2394

Der Turing Omnibus macht in 66 exzellent geschriebenen Beiträgen Station bei den interessantesten Themen aus der Informatik, der Computertechnologie und ihren Anwendungen.

Python Crashkurs

Eine praktische, projektbasierte Programmiereinführung

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Author: Eric Matthes

Publisher: dpunkt.verlag

ISBN: 3960881460

Category: Computers

Page: 622

View: 2706

"Python Crashkurs" ist eine kompakte und gründliche Einführung, die es Ihnen nach kurzer Zeit ermöglicht, Python-Programme zu schreiben, die für Sie Probleme lösen oder Ihnen erlauben, Aufgaben mit dem Computer zu erledigen. In der ersten Hälfte des Buches werden Sie mit grundlegenden Programmierkonzepten wie Listen, Wörterbücher, Klassen und Schleifen vertraut gemacht. Sie erlernen das Schreiben von sauberem und lesbarem Code mit Übungen zu jedem Thema. Sie erfahren auch, wie Sie Ihre Programme interaktiv machen und Ihren Code testen, bevor Sie ihn einem Projekt hinzufügen. Danach werden Sie Ihr neues Wissen in drei komplexen Projekten in die Praxis umsetzen: ein durch "Space Invaders" inspiriertes Arcade-Spiel, eine Datenvisualisierung mit Pythons superpraktischen Bibliotheken und eine einfache Web-App, die Sie online bereitstellen können. Während der Arbeit mit dem "Python Crashkurs" lernen Sie, wie Sie: - leistungsstarke Python-Bibliotheken und Tools richtig einsetzen – einschließlich matplotlib, NumPy und Pygal - 2D-Spiele programmieren, die auf Tastendrücke und Mausklicks reagieren, und die schwieriger werden, je weiter das Spiel fortschreitet - mit Daten arbeiten, um interaktive Visualisierungen zu generieren - Web-Apps erstellen und anpassen können, um diese sicher online zu deployen - mit Fehlern umgehen, die häufig beim Programmieren auftreten Dieses Buch wird Ihnen effektiv helfen, Python zu erlernen und eigene Programme damit zu entwickeln. Warum länger warten? Fangen Sie an!

Lessons in Teaching Computing in Primary Schools

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Author: James Bird,Helen Caldwell,Peter Mayne

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 1526412462

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 4859

Whether you are currently teaching or training to teach the primary computing curriculum, you need to know what effective teaching of computing in primary schools actually looks like. Written for non specialists and trainees, this book uses exemplar primary computing lessons as a starting point for developing subject knowledge. It explores the theory behind them, how they can be adapted to suit different year groups and different schools. It's a unique but tried and tested approach to developing subject knowledge alongside your teaching practice. The exemplar lesson plans will inspire you to plan and teach lessons that motivate and engage children to see the opportunities that computing can offer and to understand how computing fits in with their daily learning and lives. NEW TO THIS EDITION: Updated throughout and includes information on new apps and other resources for teaching and a brand new chapter on teaching with tablets in the primary classroom. This book is part of the Lessons in Teaching series and includes additional online resources.

Introduction to Computational Modeling Using C and Open-Source Tools

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Author: Jose M. Garrido

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482216795

Category: Computers

Page: 461

View: 1186

Introduction to Computational Modeling Using C and Open-Source Tools presents the fundamental principles of computational models from a computer science perspective. It explains how to implement these models using the C programming language. The software tools used in the book include the Gnu Scientific Library (GSL), which is a free software library of C functions, and the versatile, open-source GnuPlot for visualizing the data. All source files, shell scripts, and additional notes are located at ksuweb.kennesaw.edu/~jgarrido/comp_models. The book first presents an overview of problem solving and the introductory concepts, principles, and development of computational models before covering the programming principles of the C programming language. The author then applies programming principles and basic numerical techniques, such as polynomial evaluation, regression, and other numerical methods, to implement computational models. He also discusses more advanced concepts needed for modeling dynamical systems and explains how to generate numerical solutions. The book concludes with the modeling of linear optimization problems. Emphasizing analytical skill development and problem solving, this book helps you understand how to reason about and conceptualize the problems, generate mathematical formulations, and computationally visualize and solve the problems. It provides you with the foundation to understand more advanced scientific computing, including parallel computing using MPI, grid computing, and other techniques in high-performance computing.

Python kinderleicht!

Einfach programmieren lernen – nicht nur für Kids

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Author: Jason Briggs

Publisher: dpunkt.verlag

ISBN: 3864919053

Category: Computers

Page: 326

View: 3720

Python ist eine leistungsfähige, moderne Programmiersprache. Sie ist einfach zu erlernen und macht Spaß in der Anwendung – mit diesem Buch umso mehr! »Python kinderleicht" macht die Sprache lebendig und zeigt Dir (und Deinen Eltern) die Welt der Programmierung. Jason R. Briggs führt Dich Schritt für Schritt durch die Grundlagen von Python. Du experimentierst mit einzigartigen (und oft urkomischen) Beispielprogrammen, bei denen es um gefräßige Monster, Geheimagenten oder diebische Raben geht. Neue Begriffe werden erklärt, der Programmcode ist farbig dargestellt, strukturiert und mit Erklärungen versehen. Witzige Abbildungen erhöhen den Lernspaß. Jedes Kapitel endet mit Programmier-Rätseln, an denen Du das Gelernte üben und Dein Verständnis vertiefen kannst. Am Ende des Buches wirst Du zwei komplette Spiele programmiert haben: einen Klon des berühmten »Pong" und »Herr Strichmann rennt zum Ausgang" – ein Plattformspiel mit Sprüngen, Animation und vielem mehr. Indem Du Seite für Seite neue Programmierabenteuer bestehst, wirst Du immer mehr zum erfahrenen Python-Programmierer. - Du lernst grundlegende Datenstrukturen wie Listen, Tupel und Maps kennen. - Du erfährst, wie man mit Funktionen und Modulen den Programmcode organisieren und wiederverwenden kann. - Du wirst mit Kontrollstrukturen wie Schleifen und bedingten Anweisungen vertraut und lernst, mit Objekten und Methoden umzugehen. - Du zeichnest Formen mit dem Python-Modul Turtle und erstellst Spiele, Animationen und andere grafische Wunder mit tkinter. Und: »Python kinderleicht" macht auch für Erwachsene das Programmierenlernen zum Kinderspiel! Alle Programme findest Du auch zum Herunterladen auf der Website!

Report of a Workshop on the Scope and Nature of Computational Thinking

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee for the Workshops on Computational Thinking

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309153720

Category: Education

Page: 114

View: 1032

Report of a Workshop on the Scope and Nature of Computational Thinking presents a number of perspectives on the definition and applicability of computational thinking. For example, one idea expressed during the workshop is that computational thinking is a fundamental analytical skill that everyone can use to help solve problems, design systems, and understand human behavior, making it useful in a number of fields. Supporters of this viewpoint believe that computational thinking is comparable to the linguistic, mathematical and logical reasoning taught to all children. Various efforts have been made to introduce K-12 students to the most basic and essential computational concepts and college curricula have tried to provide a basis for life-long learning of increasingly new and advanced computational concepts and technologies. At both ends of this spectrum, however, most efforts have not focused on fundamental concepts. The book discusses what some of those fundamental concepts might be. Report of a Workshop on the Scope and Nature of Computational Thinking explores the idea that as the use of computational devices is becoming increasingly widespread, computational thinking skills should be promulgated more broadly. The book is an excellent resource for professionals in a wide range of fields including educators and scientists.

Computational Thinking

First Algorithms, Then Code

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Author: Paolo Ferragina,Fabrizio Luccio

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319979397

Category: Computers

Page: 174

View: 1288

This book offers a gentle motivation and introduction to computational thinking, in particular to algorithms and how they can be coded to solve significant, topical problems from domains such as finance, cryptography, Web search, and data compression. The book is suitable for undergraduate students in computer science, engineering, and applied mathematics, university students in other fields, high-school students with an interest in STEM subjects, and professionals who want an insight into algorithmic solutions and the related mindset. While the authors assume only basic mathematical knowledge, they uphold the scientific rigor that is indispensable for transforming general ideas into executable algorithms. A supporting website contains examples and Python code for implementing the algorithms in the book.

Computational Thinking and Coding for Every Student

The Teacher’s Getting-Started Guide

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Author: Jane Krauss,Kiki Prottsman

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 1506341306

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 9244

Empower tomorrow’s tech innovators Our students are avid users and consumers of technology. Isn’t it time that they see themselves as the next technological innovators, too? Computational Thinking and Coding for Every Student is the beginner’s guide for K-12 educators who want to learn to integrate the basics of computer science into their curriculum. Readers will find Strategies and activities for teaching computational thinking and coding inside and outside of school, at any grade level, across disciplines Instruction-ready lessons for every grade A discussion guide and companion website with videos, activities, and other resources

Mathematische Juwelen

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Author: Ross Honsberger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322872653

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 168

View: 5304