Twilight of Press Freedom

The Rise of People's Journalism

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Author: John C. Merrill,Peter J. Gade,Frederick R. Blevens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135655561

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 2298

This volume offers a historical, philosophical, and practical critique of public and civic journalism--a movement that gained momentum in the final decade of the 20th century. During that period, proponents of the movement have published nearly a dozen books expanding upon and expounding the virtues of journalism, seeking to repair what is thought to be the torn social, political, and moral fabric in America. Although previous works have established a strong practical underpinning for public and civic journalism, none has examined its philosophical roots or challenged its methodology and grounding in neoliberal constructs. This volume does just that, tracing its origins in early philosophy to the current newsroom policies and practices that conflict with traditional constructs in libertarian press theory. Twilight of Press Freedom postulates that institutionalized journalism is fading away and world journalism--prompted by the people--is veering toward more order and social harmony, and away from the traditional idea of the great value of press freedom. The volume provides a critical examination of the trend toward public journalism and considers how press freedom will be impacted by this trend in coming years. Scholars and students in journalism, public opinion, and media studies will find this book insightful and invaluable.

Everyman News

The Changing American Front Page

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Author: Michele Weldon

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 082626624X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 286

View: 7894

"Examines how newspapers have changed over the past few years, becoming story papers. Comparing 850 stories, story approaches, and unofficial sourcing in twenty American newspapers from 2001 and 2004, Weldon reveals a shift toward features over hard news, along with an increase in anecdotal or humanistic approaches to all stories"--Provided by publisher.

History of the Mass Media in the United States

An Encyclopedia

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Author: Margaret A. Blanchard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135917493

Category: Reference

Page: 784

View: 365

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Penguin History of Modern China

The Fall and Rise of a Great Power, 1850 - 2009

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Author: Jonathan Fenby

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 014191761X

Category: History

Page: 816

View: 1628

'China's reemergence as a global economic powerhouse has compressed into a single generation an industrial and urban revolution on a scale the world has never seen. Its transformation looks to many foreigners, and to millions of newly prosperous Chinese, like a near-miraculous escape from the agonies of its recent history - late imperial, warlord-republican and Maoist. The great merit of Jonathan Fenby's vivid account of the years since 1850 is to underline how heavily that history still weighs on the present' Rosemary Righter, The Times

Birmingham and the Long Black Freedom Struggle

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Author: Robert W. Widell, Jr.

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137340967

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 5511

Birmingham, Alabama looms large in the history of the twentieth-century black freedom struggle, but to date historians have mostly neglected the years after 1963. Here, author Robert Widell explores the evolution of Birmingham black activism into the 1970s, providing a valuable local perspective on the "long" black freedom struggle.

Attacks on the Press

Journalism on the World's Front Lines

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Author: Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118873084

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 7555

The world's most comprehensive guide to international press freedom Every day, journalists around the world face incredible risks—from imprisonment and assassination to simply just "disappearing"—all for the ethical practice of their profession. Caught between wars and uprisings and corrupt police and drug cartels, as well as increasingly oppressive censorship laws, they find themselves in some of the most dangerous situations imaginable. This is why the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) continues to create the annual edition of Attacks on the Press. Started as a simple typewritten list over 25 years ago, this reliable resource has grown to become the definitive annual assessment of press freedoms globally. It provides analyses of media conditions, press freedom violations, and emerging threats to journalists in every corner of the world. In this 2014 edition, you will find front-line reports and analytical essays by CPJ experts covering an array of topics of critical importance to journalists Discusses how governments' capacity to store transactional data and the content of communications poses a unique threat to journalism in the digital age Addresses the hope for more freedom in Iran and how the practical needs for communications technology may work in favor of a freer press Examines the inability to solve journalist murders in areas such as Colombia and why eliminating witnesses has become an all too easy, and effective, method of stymying justice In addition to being an invaluable source of timely information and guidance for media professionals, Attacks on the Press gives voice to journalists globally, providing them with a platform for direct advocacy with governments and a tool for influence at the UN, OAS, EU, AU, and other official bodies.

Changing the News

The Forces Shaping Journalism in Uncertain Times

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Author: Wilson Lowrey,Peter J. Gade

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135252378

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 5895

Changing the News examines the difficulties in changing news processes and practices in response to the evolving circumstances and struggles of the journalism industry. The editors have put together this volume to demonstrate why the prescriptions employed to salvage the journalism industry to date haven’t worked, and to explain how constraints and pressures have influenced the field’s responses to challenges in an uncertain, changing environment. If journalism is to adjust and thrive, the following questions need answers: Why do journalists and news organizations respond to uncertainties in the ways they do? What forces and structures constrain these responses? What social and cultural contexts should we take into account when we judge whether or not journalism successfully responds and adapts? The book tackles these questions from varying perspectives and levels of analysis, through chapters by scholars of news sociology and media management. Changing the News details the forces that shape and challenge journalism and journalistic culture, and explains why journalists and their organizations respond to troubles, challenges and uncertainties in the way they do.

Power and Press Freedom in Liberia, 1830-1970

The Impact of Globalization and Civil Society on Media-government Relations

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Author: Carl Patrick Burrowes

Publisher: Africa World Press

ISBN: 9781592212941

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 6483

This book tells the rich and often heroic story of the press in Liberia. Early newspapers were infused with a broad race consciousness which gave way to a specific nationalism at the turn of the last century. Initially, newspapers featured biting social commentary and enjoyed wide latitude to criticise officials, but restrictions were soon applied. Exploring the uses and abuses of power, the author demonstrates that the experience of Liberia provides a sobering corrective to the current euphoria regarding the effects of globalisation.

Understanding U.S. Human Rights Policy

A Paradoxical Legacy

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Author: Clair Apodaca

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135448191

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4255

This book provides a comprehensive historical overview and analysis of the complex and often vexing problem of understanding the formation of US human rights policy over the past thirty-five years, a period during which concern for human rights became a major factor in foreign policy decision-making. Clair Apodaca demonstrates that the history of American human rights policy is a series of different paradoxes that change depending on the presidential administration, showing that far from immobilizing the progression of a genuine and functioning human rights policy, these paradoxes have actually helped to improve the human rights protections over the years. Readers will find in a single volume a historically informed, argument driven account of the erratic evolution of US human rights policy since the Nixon administration. Understanding U.S. Human Rights Policy will be an essential supplement in courses on human rights, foreign policy analysis and decision-making, and the history of US foreign policy.

The International Political Economy of Communication

Media and Power in South America

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Author: C. Martens,E. Vivares,R. McChesney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137434686

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

View: 8130

This collection reflects on the international political economy of media and the valuable lessons to be learned from the media reforms currently taking place across South America. The contributors present a range of theoretical and methodological perspectives on the ongoing battle for media space in South America.

How Russia Really Works

The Informal Practices That Shaped Post-Soviet Politics and Business

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Author: Alena V. Ledeneva

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801470056

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6984

During the Soviet era, blat—the use of personal networks for obtaining goods and services in short supply and for circumventing formal procedures—was necessary to compensate for the inefficiencies of socialism. The collapse of the Soviet Union produced a new generation of informal practices. In How Russia Really Works, Alena V. Ledeneva explores practices in politics, business, media, and the legal sphere in Russia in the 1990s—from the hiring of firms to create negative publicity about one's competitors, to inventing novel schemes of tax evasion and engaging in "alternative" techniques of contract and law enforcement. Ledeneva discovers ingenuity, wit, and vigor in these activities and argues that they simultaneously support and subvert formal institutions. They enable corporations, the media, politicians, and businessmen to operate in the post-Soviet labyrinth of legal and practical constraints but consistently undermine the spirit, if not the letter, of the law. The "know-how" Ledeneva describes in this book continues to operate today and is crucial to understanding contemporary Russia.

We're All Journalists Now

The Transformation of the Press and Reshaping of the Law in the Internet Age

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Author: Scott Gant

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416545948

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 4255

As the internet continues to reshape almost all corners of our world, no institution has been more profoundly altered than the practice of journalism and distribution of information. In this provocative new book, Scott Gant, a distinguished Washington attorney and constitutional law scholar, argues that we as a society need to rethink our notions of what journalism is, who is a journalist and exactly what the founding fathers intended when they referred to "the freedom of the press." Are bloggers journalists, even if they receive no income? Even if they are unedited and sometimes irresponsible? Many traditional news organizations would say no. But Gant contends otherwise and suggests we think of these sometimes unruly online purveyors of information and opinion as heirs to those early pamphleteers who helped shape our fledgling democracy. He gives us a persuasive and engaging argument for affording bloggers and everyone else who disseminates information and opinion in the U.S. the same rights and privileges that traditional journalists enjoy. The rise of the Internet and blogosphere has blurred the once distinct role of the media in our society. It wasn't long ago that the line between journalists and the rest of us seemed relatively clear: Those who worked for news organizations were journalists and everyone else was not. Those days are gone. On the Internet, the line has totally disappeared. It's harder than ever to answer the question, "Who is a journalist?" Yet it is a question asked routinely in American courtrooms and legislatures because there are many circumstances where those deemed "journalists" are afforded rights and privileges not available to the rest of us. The question will become increasingly important as the transformation of journalism continues, and bloggers and other "citizen journalists" battle for equal standing with professional journalists. Advancing arguments that are sure to stir controversy, Scott Gant leads the debate with a serious yet accessible discussion about whether, where, and how the government can decide who is a journalist. Challenging the mainstream media, Gant puts forth specific arguments about how to change existing laws and makes elegant suggestions for new laws that will properly account for the undeniable reality that We're All Journalists Now. For all of us who care about the ways in which the digital revolution is sweeping through our culture, this is a work of opinion that will be seen as required reading.

Human Rights in Commonwealth Africa

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Author: Rhoda E. Howard,Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847674336

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 7262

To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.

A People's History of the Civil War

Struggles for the Meaning of Freedom

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Author: David Williams

Publisher: New Press, The

ISBN: 1595587470

Category: History

Page: 594

View: 3338

Bottom-up history at its very best, A People’s History of the Civil War "does for the Civil War period what Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States did for the study of American history in general" (Library Journal). Widely praised upon its initial release, it was described as "meticulously researched and persuasively argued" by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Historian David Williams has written the first account of the American Civil War though the eyes of ordinary people—foot soldiers, slaves, women, prisoners of war, draft resisters, Native Americans, and others. Richly illustrated with little-known anecdotes and first-hand testimony, this pathbreaking narrative moves beyond presidents and generals to tell a new and powerful story about America’s most destructive conflict. A People’s History of the Civil War is "readable social history" that "sheds fascinating light" (Publishers Weekly) on this crucial period. In so doing it recovers the long-overlooked perspectives and forgotten voices of one of the defining chapters of American history.

In Their Own Words: Selected Writings by Journalists on Mongolia, 1997-1999 Part 1g

Selected Writings by Journalists on Mongolia, 1997-1999

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Author: David South, Editor-in-Chief,Julie Schneiderman, Research Editor

Publisher: DSConsulting

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2178

In their own words compiles by theme the vast number of stories and features by journalists on Mongolia's transition experience from 1997 to 1999. A rich and unusual resource for a developing country, this book offers the reader a one-stop snapshot of how a country handles the wrenching social, political, cultural, economic and environmental challenges of changing from one political and economic system to another. An excellent resource for scholars of austerity crises and for those seeking understanding on how to plot a path out of an austerity crisis. In particular, the collection of articles and stories show the impact austerity has on people and their lives. Unadorned by backward-looking historical narratives, these are accounts fizzing with the energy of the moment: a first draft of a tough time for most Mongolians.

The Global Dimensions of Irish Identity

Race, Nation, and the Popular Press, 1840-1880

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Author: Cian T. McMahon

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469620111

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 6760

Though Ireland is a relatively small island on the northeastern fringe of the Atlantic, 70 million people worldwide--including some 45 million in the United States--claim it as their ancestral home. In this wide-ranging, ambitious book, Cian T. McMahon explores the nineteenth-century roots of this transnational identity. Between 1840 and 1880, 4.5 million people left Ireland to start new lives abroad. Using primary sources from Ireland, Australia, and the United States, McMahon demonstrates how this exodus shaped a distinctive sense of nationalism. By doggedly remaining loyal to both their old and new homes, he argues, the Irish helped broaden the modern parameters of citizenship and identity. From insurrection in Ireland to exile in Australia to military service during the American Civil War, McMahon's narrative revolves around a group of rebels known as Young Ireland. They and their fellow Irish used weekly newspapers to construct and express an international identity tailored to the fluctuating world in which they found themselves. Understanding their experience sheds light on our contemporary debates over immigration, race, and globalization.

The People's Voice

The Development and Current State of the South African Small Media Sector

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Author: Adrian Hadland,Karen Thorne

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 9780796920591

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 127

View: 2562

The study provides an overview of relevant legislation and policy in South Africa, pre- and post- 1994, as well as a review of international research that reveals global trends in small media development. It sketches the distribution of the sector in South Africa, revealing the topography of service providers and key stakeholders. The report identifies the interests that are common to small independent and community media groupings and examines ways in which the sustainability of these organisations can be promoted. Providing a range of pertinent data, analysis and information, this study will be invaluable for anyone wishing to engage effectively with the small media sector. The Media Development and Diversity Agency (MDDA) was established to direct funding and support to the small media sector in the interests of deepening South Africa's young democracy. The principal objective of this study is to assist the MDDA in its important and complex work.

Race against Empire

Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937–1957

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Author: Penny M. Von Eschen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801471702

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 626

During World War II, African American activists, journalists, and intellectuals forcefully argued that independence movements in Africa and Asia were inextricably linkep to political, economic, and civil rights struggles in the United States. Marshaling evidence from a wide array of international sources, including the black presses of the time, Penny M. Von Eschen offers a vivid portrayal of the African diaspora in its international heyday, from the 1945 Manchester Pan-African Congress to early cooperation with the United Nations. Race against Empire tells the poignant story of a popular movement and its precipitate decline with the onset of the Cold War. Von Eschen documents the efforts of African-American political leaders, intellectuals, and journalists who forcefully promoted anti-colonial politics and critiqued U.S. foreign policy. The eclipse of anti-colonial politics—which Von Eschen traces through African-American responses to the early Cold War, U.S. government prosecution of black American anti-colonial activists, and State Department initiatives in Africa—marked a change in the very meaning of race and racism in America from historical and international issues to psychological and domestic ones. She concludes that the collision of anti-colonialism with Cold War liberalism illuminates conflicts central to the reshaping of America; the definition of political, economic, and civil rights; and the question of who, in America and across the globe, is to have access to these rights. Exploring the relationship between anticolonial politics, early civil rights activism, and nascent superpower rivalries, Race against Empire offers a fresh perspective both on the emergence of the United States as the dominant global power and on the profound implications of that development for American society.