Forgotten Trials of the Holocaust

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Author: Michael J. Bazyler,Frank M. Tuerkheimer

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479886068

Category: History

Page: 374

View: 3138

In the wake of the Second World War, how were the Allies to respond to the enormous crime of the Holocaust? Even in an ideal world, it would have been impossible to bring all the perpetrators to trial. Nevertheless, an attempt was made to prosecute some. Most people have heard of the Nuremberg trial and the Eichmann trial, though they probably have not heard of the Kharkov Trial—the first trial of Germans for Nazi-era crimes—or even the Dachau Trials, in which war criminals were prosecuted by the American military personnel on the former concentration camp grounds. This book uncovers ten “forgotten trials” of the Holocaust, selected from the many Nazi trials that have taken place over the course of the last seven decades. It showcases how perpetrators of the Holocaust were dealt with in courtrooms around the world—in the former Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, Israel, France, Poland, the United States and Germany—revealing how different legal systems responded to the horrors of the Holocaust. The book provides a graphic picture of the genocidal campaign against the Jews through eyewitness testimony and incriminating documents and traces how the public memory of the Holocaust was formed over time. The volume covers a variety of trials—of high-ranking statesmen and minor foot soldiers, of male and female concentration camps guards and even trials in Israel of Jewish Kapos—to provide the first global picture of the laborious efforts to bring perpetrators of the Holocaust to justice. As law professors and litigators, the authors provide distinct insights into these trials.

Eichmann in Jerusalem

Ein Bericht von der Banalität des Bösen

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Author: Hannah Arendt

Publisher: Piper Verlag

ISBN: 3492962580

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 1428

Der ehemalige SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann gilt als einer der Hauptverantwortlichen für die »Endlösung« der Juden in Europa. Der Prozess gegen ihn fand 1961 in Jerusalem statt. Hannah Arendts Prozessbericht wurde von ihr 1964 als Buch publiziert und brachte eine Lawine ins Rollen: Es stieß bei seinem Erscheinen auf heftige Ablehnung in Israel, Deutschland und in den USA– und wurde zu einem Klassiker wie kaum ein anderes vergleichbares Werk zur Zeitgeschichte und ihrer Deutung.

Amon

Mein Großvater hätte mich erschossen

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Author: Jennifer Teege,Nikola Sellmair

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644028214

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 272

View: 6184

Es ist ein Schock, der ihr ganzes Selbstverständnis erschüttert: Mit 38 Jahren erfährt Jennifer Teege durch einen Zufall, wer sie ist. In einer Bibliothek findet sie ein Buch über ihre Mutter und ihren Großvater Amon Göth. Millionen Menschen kennen Göths Geschichte. In Steven Spielbergs Film «Schindlers Liste» ist der brutale KZ-Kommandant der Saufkumpan und Gegenspieler des Judenretters Oskar Schindler. Göth war verantwortlich für den Tod Tausender Menschen und wurde 1946 gehängt. Seine Lebensgefährtin Ruth Irene, Jennifer Teeges geliebte Großmutter, begeht 1983 Selbstmord. Jennifer Teege ist die Tochter einer Deutschen und eines Nigerianers. Sie wurde bei Adoptiveltern groß und hat danach in Israel studiert. Jetzt ist sie mit einem Familiengeheimnis konfrontiert, das sie nicht mehr ruhen lässt. Wie kann sie ihren jüdischen Freunden noch unter die Augen treten? Und was soll sie ihren eigenen Kindern erzählen? Jennifer Teege beschäftigt sich intensiv mit der Vergangenheit. Sie trifft ihre Mutter wieder, die sie viele Jahre nicht gesehen hat. Gemeinsam mit der Journalistin Nikola Sellmair recherchiert sie ihre Familiengeschichte, sucht die Orte der Vergangenheit noch einmal auf, reist nach Israel und nach Polen. Schritt für Schritt wird aus dem Schock über die Abgründe der eigenen Familie die Geschichte einer Befreiung.

KL

Die Geschichte der nationalsozialistischen Konzentrationslager

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Author: Nikolaus Wachsmann

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 364118892X

Category: History

Page: 992

View: 5496

"Ergreifend, zutiefst menschlich und großartig erzählt." (Sir Richard Evans) Ein historisches Werk, das seinesgleichen sucht: Nikolaus Wachsmanns lang erwartete, monumentale Geschichte der Konzentrationslager von den improvisierten Anfängen 1933 bis zu ihrer Auflösung 1945. Diese erste umfassende Darstellung vereint auf eindrückliche Weise sowohl die Perspektive der Täter als auch jene der Opfer, sie zeigt die monströse Dynamik der Vernichtungspolitik und verleiht zugleich den Gefangenen und Gequälten eine Stimme. Ein gewaltiges Buch – erschütternd und erhellend zugleich. Für seine Geschichte der Konzentrationslager hat Nikolaus Wachsmann eine enorme Menge an Quellen und Forschungsliteratur ausgewertet, Tagebücher und Briefe der Lagerinsassen, Prozessunterlagen, SS- und Polizeiakten, ein Teil davon erstmals hier verwendet. Auf diese Weise konnte er die Praktiken der Täter, die Einstellungen der Gesellschaft und die Welt der Opfer in einem großen epischen Rahmen zusammenführen, konnte das Leben und Sterben im Lager, die individuellen Schicksale schildern, aber auch die politischen, ökonomischen und militärischen Umstände, die Hintergründe der NS-Vernichtungspolitik. Beides, die Nahaufnahme wie die historische Entwicklung, vereint Wachsmann zu einer eindringlichen Erzählung – ein historisches Werk, das, wie Ian Kershaw schreibt »kaum jemals übertroffen werden wird«.

Judgment Before Nuremberg

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Author: Greg Dawson

Publisher: Pegasus Books

ISBN: 1681770415

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 7250

From the author of Hiding in the Spotlight, the story of the Kharkov trials, forgotten by history, which sought justice for the thousands killed the Ukraine, a place also overlooked in the annals of the Holocaust When one thinks of the Holocaust, we think of Auschwitz, Dachau; and when we think of justice for this terrible chapter in history, we think of Nuremberg. Not of Russia or the Ukraine, and certainly not of a city called Kharkov. But in reality, the first war-crimes trial against the Nazis was in this idyllic, peaceful Ukrainian city, which is fitting, because it is also where the Holocaust actually began.Eighteen months before the end of World War II—two full years before the opening statement by the prosecution at Nuremberg—three Nazi officers and a Ukrainian collaborator were tried and convicted of war crimes and hanged in Kharkov’s public square. The trial is symbolic of the larger omission of the Ukraine from the popular history of the Holocaust—another deep irony, as most of the first of the six million perished in the Ukraine long before Hitler and his lieutenant seven decided on the formalities of the Final Solution.

Justice at Dachau

The Trials of an American Prosecutor

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Author: Joshua Greene

Publisher: Broadway Books

ISBN: 0307419053

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 5182

The world remembers Nuremberg, where a handful of Nazi policymakers were brought to justice, but nearly forgotten are the proceedings at Dachau, where hundreds of Nazi guards, officers, and doctors stood trial for personally taking part in the torture and execution of prisoners inside the Dachau, Mauthausen, Flossenburg, and Buchenwald concentration camps. In Justice at Dachau, Joshua M. Greene, maker of the award winning documentary film Witness: Voices from the Holocaust, recreates the Dachau trials and reveals the dramatic story of William Denson, a soft-spoken young lawyer from Alabama whisked from teaching law at West Point to leading the prosecution in the largest series of Nazi trials in history. In a makeshift courtroom set up inside Hitler’s first concentration camp, Denson was charged with building a team from lawyers who had no background in war crimes and determining charges for crimes that courts had never before confronted. Among the accused were Dr. Klaus Schilling, responsible for hundreds of deaths in his “research” for a cure for malaria; Edwin Katzen-Ellenbogen, a Harvard psychologist turned Gestapo informant; and one of history’s most notorious female war criminals, Ilse Koch, “Bitch of Buchenwald,” whose penchant for tattooed skins and human bone lamps made headlines worldwide. Denson, just thirty-two years old, with one criminal trial to his name, led a brilliant and successful prosecution, but nearly two years of exposure to such horrors took its toll. His wife divorced him, his weight dropped to 116 pounds, and he collapsed from exhaustion. Worst of all was the pressure from his army superiors to bring the trials to a rapid end when their agenda shifted away from punishing Nazis to winning the Germans’ support in the emerging Cold War. Denson persevered, determined to create a careful record of responsibility for the crimes of the Holocaust. When, in a final shocking twist, the United States used clandestine reversals and commutation of sentences to set free those found guilty at Dachau, Denson risked his army career to try to prevent justice from being undone. From the Hardcover edition.

The Nuremberg SS-Einsatzgruppen trial, 1945-1958

atrocity, law, and history

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Author: Hilary Camille Earl

Publisher: Cambridge Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 4700

Based on extensive archival research, this book offers the first historical examination of the arrest, trial, and punishment of the leaders of the SS-Einsatzgruppen - the mobile security and killing units employed by the Nazis in their racial war on the eastern front. Sent to the Soviet Union in the summer of 1941, four units of Einsatzgruppen along with reinforcements, murdered approximately one million Soviet civilians in open air shootings and in gas vans and, in 1947, twenty-four leaders of these units were indicted for crimes against humanity and war crimes for their part in the murders. In addition to a describing the legal proceedings, this book also examines recent historiographical trends and perpetrator paradigms and expounds on such contested issues as the timing and genesis of the Final Solution, the perpetrators' route to crime and their motivation for killing, as well as discussing the tensions between law and history.

Die deutschen Mörder

die SS-Einsatzgruppen und der Holocaust

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Author: Richard Rhodes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783404642182

Category:

Page: 480

View: 8574

Die Nacht

Erinnerung und Zeugnis

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Author: Elie Wiesel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783451060144

Category:

Page: 157

View: 649

Hitlers Krieg im Osten 1941-1945

ein Forschungsbericht

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Author: Rolf-Dieter Müller,Gerd R. Ueberschär

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 451

View: 6590

The Nuremberg Trials

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Author: Laura La Bella

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1477776087

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 80

View: 1984

The Holocaust is an atrocity of such overwhelming magnitude and depravity that it must never be forgotten yet can scarcely be comprehended. The sheer horror of it can often make it seem unreal to contemporary eyes. The primary-source images, firsthand accounts, meticulous timeline, and transcripts of speeches and testimony associated with the Nuremberg Trials and the Nazi crimes they prosecuted are found here, grounding the horror in undeniable, irrefutable reality. Taken together, they help ensure for a new generation that the Holocaust will never be forgotten, never be denied, and never be repeated.

Holocaust, Genocide, and the Law

A Quest for Justice in a Post-Holocaust World

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Author: Michael Bazyler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190664037

Category: Law

Page: 394

View: 332

A great deal of contemporary law has a direct connection to the Holocaust. That connection, however, is seldom acknowledged in legal texts and has never been the subject of a full-length scholarly work. This book examines the background of the Holocaust and genocide through the prism of the law; the criminal and civil prosecution of the Nazis and their collaborators for Holocaust-era crimes; and contemporary attempts to criminally prosecute perpetrators for the crime of genocide. It provides the history of the Holocaust as a legal event, and sets out how genocide has become known as the "crime of crimes" under both international law and in popular discourse. It goes on to discuss specific post-Holocaust legal topics, and examines the Holocaust as a catalyst for post-Holocaust international justice. Together, this collection of subjects establishes a new legal discipline, which the author Michael Bazyler labels "Post-Holocaust Law."

Fritz Bauer 1903-1968

Eine Biographie

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Author: Irmtrud Wojak

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406628672

Category: History

Page: 638

View: 1205

Fritz Bauer, 1903 geboren, war Jurist aus «Freiheitssinn». Aus einer jüdischen Familie stammend, trat er in den Zwanzigerjahren in die SPD ein, kam nach der «Machtergreifung» ins KZ, konnte erst nach Dänemark, dann nach Schweden fliehen. Seinem Einsatz ist es zu verdanken, dass die juristische Auseinandersetzung mit den Verbrechen des Dritten Reichs nach dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs in Gang kam und bis zu den Epoche machenden Auschwitz-Prozessen geführt werden konnte. Eine längst fällige biographische Würdigung liegt nun erstmals mit diesem Buch vor.

First Films of the Holocaust

Soviet Cinema and the Genocide of the Jews, 1938–1946

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Author: Jeremy Hicks

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822978083

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 3728

Most early Western perceptions of the Holocaust were based on newsreels filmed during the Allied liberation of Germany in 1945. Little, however, was reported of the initial wave of material from Soviet filmmakers, who were in fact the first to document these horrors. In First Films of the Holocaust, Jeremy Hicks presents a pioneering study of Soviet contributions to the growing public awareness of the horrors of Nazi rule. Even before the war, the Soviet film Professor Mamlock, which premiered in the United States in 1938 and coincided with the Kristallnacht pogrom, helped reinforce anti-Nazi sentiment. Yet, Soviet films were often dismissed or even banned in the West as Communist propaganda. Ironically, in the brief 1939–1941 period of Nazi and Soviet alliance, such films were also banned in the Soviet Union, only to be reclaimed after the Nazi attack on the Soviet Union in 1941, and suppressed yet again during the Cold War. Jeremy Hicks recovers much of the major film work in Soviet depictions of the Holocaust and views them within their political context, both locally and internationally. Overwhelmingly, wartime films were skewed to depict Soviet resistance, “Red funerals,” and calls for vengeance, rather than the singling out of Jewish victims by the Nazis. Almost no personal testimony of victims or synchronous sound was recorded, furthering the disconnection of the viewer to the victims. Hicks examines correspondence, scripts, reviews, and compares edited with unedited film to unearth the deliberately hidden Jewish aspects of Soviet depictions of the German invasion and occupation. To Hicks, it’s in the silences, gaps, and ellipses that the films speak most clearly. Additionally, he details the reasons why Soviet Holocaust films have been subsequently erased from collective memory in the West and the Soviet Union: their graphic horror, their use as propaganda tools, and the postwar rise of the Red Scare in the United States and anti-Semitic campaigns in the Soviet Union.

Eichmann vor Jerusalem

Das unbehelligte Leben eines Massenmörders

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Author: Bettina Stangneth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783499622694

Category: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)

Page: 655

View: 9837

Sobibor

Holocaust Propaganda Und Wirklichkeit

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Author: Jurgen Graf,Thomas Kues,Carlo Mattogno

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781591482147

Category:

Page: 472

View: 6889

Bis zu 2 Mio. Juden sollen in Sobibór anno 1942/43 getötet, vershcarrt und dann verbrannt worden sein. Dieses Buch zeigt minutiös, dass diese Behauptungen nicht auf soliden Beweisen ruhen, sondern auf der selektiven Verwendung z.T. Absurder Aussagen. Archäologische Forschungen aus den Jahren 2000 und 2017 werden analysiert...

Die Kinder von Izieu

eine jüdische Tragödie

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Author: Serge Klarsfeld

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)

Page: 188

View: 9030

The Nuremberg Trials

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Author: Mitchell Geoffrey Bard

Publisher: Greenhaven Press, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780737710755

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 223

View: 8753

Recounts the Nuremburg Trials in Germany that brought Nazi war criminals to justice after World War II.