Forest Ecology and Conservation

A Handbook of Techniques

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Author: Adrian Newton

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198567448

Category: Gardening

Page: 454

View: 1163

Forests have become the focus of intense conservation interest over the past two decades, reflecting widespread concern about high rates of deforestation and forest degradation, particularly in tropical countries. The aim of this book is to outline the main methods and techniques available to forest ecologists.

Bird Ecology and Conservation

A Handbook of Techniques

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Author: William J. Sutherland,Ian Newton,Rhys Green

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198520863

Category: Nature

Page: 386

View: 4483

Outlining the main methods and techniques available to ornithologists, this book brings together in one authoritative source contributions containing information on avian ecology and conservation.

Amphibian Ecology and Conservation

A Handbook of Techniques

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Author: C. Kenneth Dodd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199541191

Category: Nature

Page: 556

View: 5493

This practical manual of amphibian ecology and conservation brings together a distinguished, international group of amphibian researchers to provide a state-of-the-art review of the many new and exciting techniques used to study amphibians and to track their conservation status and population trends. The integration of ecology and conservation is a natural outcome of the types of questions posed by these disciplines: how amphibians can and should be sampled, marked, and followed through time; how abundance and population trends are measured; what are the robust statistical methods that can be used in ecology and conservation; what roles do amphibians play in community structure and function; how do animals function in their environment; and what affects the long-term persistence of species assemblages? Although emphasizing field ecology, sections on physiological ecology, genetics, landscape ecology, and disease analysis are also included. The book describes the latest statistical approaches in amphibian field ecology and conservation, as well as the use of models in interpreting field research. Much of this information is scattered in the scientific literature or not readily available, and the intention is to provide an affordable, comprehensive synthesis for use by graduate students, researchers, and practising conservationists worldwide.

Monitoring Forest Biodiversity

Improving Conservation Through Ecologically Responsible Management

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Author: Toby Gardner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415507154

Category: Nature

Page: 360

View: 5919

The fate of much of the world's terrestrial biodiversity depends upon our ability to improve the management of forest ecosystems that have already been substantially modified by humans. Monitoring is an essential ingredient in meeting this challenge, allowing us to measure the impact of different human activities on biodiversity and identify more responsible ways of managing the environment. Nevertheless many biodiversity monitoring programs are criticised as being little more than 'tick the box' compliance exercises that waste precious resources and erode the credibility of science in the eyes of decision makers and conservation investors. The purpose of this book is to examine the factors that make biodiversity monitoring programs fail or succeed. The first two sections lay out the context and importance of biodiversity monitoring, and shed light on some of the key challenges that have confounded many efforts to date. The third and main section presents an operational framework for developing monitoring programs that have the potential to make a meaningful contribution to forest management. Discussion covers the scoping, design and implementation stages of a forest biodiversity monitoring program, including defining the purpose, goals and objectives of monitoring, indicator selection, and the process of data collection, analysis and interpretation. Underpinning the book is the belief that biodiversity monitoring should be viewed not as a stand-alone exercise in surveillance but rather as an explicit mechanism for learning about how to improve opportunities for conservation. To be successful in this task, monitoring needs to be grounded in clear goals and objectives, effective in generating reliable assessments of changes in biodiversity and realistic in light of real-world financial, logistical and social constraints.

Carnivore Ecology and Conservation

A Handbook of Techniques

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Author: Luigi Boitani,Roger A. Powell

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191625345

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 1667

Animals that must hunt and kill for at least part of their living are inherently interesting to many people and the role that carnivores play in biological communities attract interest from ecologists and conservation biologists. Conflicts with human activities stimulate continual debates about the management of carnivore populations, and throughout the world people seek workable solutions for human/carnivore coexistence. This concise yet authoritative handbook describes research methods and techniques for the study and conservation of all terrestrial carnivore species. Particular attention is paid to techniques for managing the human/carnivore interface. Descriptions of the latest methodologies are supported by references to case studies, whilst dedicated boxes are used to illustrate how a technique is applied to a specific land cover type, species, or particular socio-economic context. The book describes the most recent advances in modelling the patterns of animal distributions, movements, and use of land cover types, as well as including the most efficient methods to trap, handle, and mark carnivores. Carnivores are biogeographically diverse and whilst extensive scientific research has investigated many aspects of carnivore biology, not all species have been equally covered. This book is unique in its intention to provide practical guidance for carrying out research and conservation of carnivores across all species and areas of the world.

Ecological Census Techniques

A Handbook

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Author: William J. Sutherland

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139458019

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 5848

This is an updated version of the best selling first edition, Ecological Census Techniques, with updating, some new chapters and authors. Almost all ecological and conservation work involves carrying out a census or survey. This practically focussed book describes how to plan a census, the practical details and shows with worked examples how to analyse the results. The first three chapters describe planning, sampling and the basic theory necessary for carrying out a census. In the subsequent chapters international experts describe the appropriate methods for counting plants, insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and birds. As many censuses also relate the results to environmental variability, there is a chapter explaining the main methods. Finally, there is a list of the most common mistakes encountered when carrying out a census.

Remote Sensing for Ecology and Conservation

A Handbook of Techniques

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Author: Ned Horning,Julie A. Robinson,Eleanor J. Sterling

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199219958

Category: Nature

Page: 467

View: 8253

Conservation Biology, techniques, applications.

Insect Conservation

A Handbook of Approaches and Methods

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Author: Michael J. Samways,Melodie A. McGeoch,Tim R. New

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199298238

Category: Nature

Page: 441

View: 8747

Insect Conservation outlines the main methods and techniques available to entomologists, providing a comprehensive synthesis for use by graduate students, researchers and practising conservationists worldwide. Both modern and more 'traditional' methodologies are described, backed up by practical background information and a global range of examples. Many newer techniques are included which have not yet been described in the existing book literature.

Habitat Management for Conservation

A Handbook of Techniques

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Author: Malcolm Ausden

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 019856872X

Category: Nature

Page: 411

View: 9706

This practical handbook describes the principles and techniques of managing and creating habitats worldwide including grasslands, forests, scrub, freshwater wetlands, coastal habitats, arable land, urban areas and gardens. Essential reading for conservation biologists and an invaluable resource for all those involved in conservation land management.

Biodiversity of West African Forests

An Ecological Atlas of Woody Plant Species

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Author: L. Poorter,F. Bongers,F. N. Kouame,W. D. Hawthorne

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851999514

Category: Nature

Page: 521

View: 497

The rain forests of West Africa have been designated as one of the world's hotspots of biodiversity. They extend from Ghana to Senegal and are referred to as the Upper Guinean forests. Because of their isolated position, they harbour a large number of rare and endemic animal and plant species.This book focuses on the biodiversity and ecology of these forests. It analyses the factors that give rise to biodiversity and structure tropical plant communities. It also includes an atlas with ecological profiles of rare plant species and large timber species.

Molecular Methods in Ecology

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Author: Allan Baker

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780632034376

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 6933

The incorporation of molecular methods in ecological research has added an exciting new dimension to conventional studies, and opened windows into previously intractable areas of research, at the interface between ecology and genetics. Using these new methods it has now become routine to use genetic markers to study ecological phenomena, from molecular sexing of individuals and parentage of offspring, through to population structure of species and phylogenetic relationships of taxa. These methods have stimulated an explosion of empirical and analytical developments in molecular ecology, which have in turn, increasingly attracted students and professional biologists eager to employ them in their studies. Molecular Methods in Ecology traces the development of molecular ecology by reviewing basic molecular biological techniques and earlier methods such as protein electrophoresis, DNA-DNA hybridisation, restriction analysis of DNA, and DNA fingerprinting. Later chapters review methods using newer classes of markers such as microsatellites, introns, MHC, SSRs and AFLP markers in plants and molecular sexing in animals. The strengths and limitations of methods are discussed and guidance is provided in selecting the most appropriate methods for particular problems in ecology. This book will provide both postgraduates and researchers with a guide to choosing and employing appropriate methodologies for successful research in the field of molecular ecology. Provides up-to-date summaries of the latest molecular approaches in this rapidly expanding field. Gives guidance on the appropriate choice of methods for particular problems in ecology, and their strengths and limitations. Provides brief laboratory protocols for each molecular method and summaries of software available for analysis of data in molecular ecology. Outlines examples of the latest research results from studies of both plants and animals, integrated within the framework of molecular ecology.

Models in Ecosystem Science

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Author: Charles Draper William Canham,Jonathan Cole,William K. Lauenroth

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691092898

Category: Nature

Page: 476

View: 1362

Quantitative models are crucial to almost every area of ecosystem science. They provide a logical structure that guides and informs empirical observations of ecosystem processes. They play a particularly crucial role in synthesizing and integrating our understanding of the immense diversity of ecosystem structure and function. Increasingly, models are being called on to predict the effects of human actions on natural ecosystems. Despite the widespread use of models, there exists intense debate within the field over a wide range of practical and philosophical issues pertaining to quantitative modeling. This book--which grew out of a gathering of leading experts at the ninth Cary Conference--explores those issues. The book opens with an overview of the status and role of modeling in ecosystem science, including perspectives on the long-running debate over the appropriate level of complexity in models. This is followed by eight chapters that address the critical issue of evaluating ecosystem models, including methods of addressing uncertainty. Next come several case studies of the role of models in environmental policy and management. A section on the future of modeling in ecosystem science focuses on increasing the use of modeling in undergraduate education and the modeling skills of professionals within the field. The benefits and limitations of predictive (versus observational) models are also considered in detail. Written by stellar contributors, this book grants access to the state of the art and science of ecosystem modeling.

World Atlas of Great Apes and Their Conservation

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Author: Julian Oliver Caldecott,Lera Miles

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520246330

Category: Nature

Page: 456

View: 6820

This comprehensive and authoritative review of the distribution and conservation status of Great Apes includes individual country profiles for each species and overview chapters on ape biology, ecology, and conservation challenges.

Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific

A Conservation Assessment

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Author: Eric D. Wikramanayake

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781559639231

Category: Nature

Page: 643

View: 3994

Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific offers a comprehensive examination of the state of the Indo-Pacific's biodiversity and habitats, moving beyond endangered or charismatic species to quantify for the first time the number of mammal and bird species, including endemics, in each ecoregion.

The Soil Seed Banks of North West Europe

Methodology, Density and Longevity

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Author: Ken Thompson,Jan Pouwel Bakker,Renie M. Bekker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521495196

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 5625

Buried viable seed banks are a fundamental aspect of seed plant biology. They play a key role in the conservation and restoration of plant communities and the response of plants to changing land use and climate. There is almost no area of plant ecology in which seed banks are not implicated. Despite several recent reviews of the ecology of seed banks, there has previously been no single source of data on seed persistence in individual species. This volume, which compiles the available data from the nineteenth century up to the end of 1993, provides this source for the 1189 members of the northwest European flora. The text describes the criteria for inclusion of data and discusses seed classification systems, the relative representation of different habitats, methods and taxa, and challenges for future research. Includes PC disc with database in searchable format.

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology

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Author: David Gibson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651230

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4926

The field of plant population ecology has advanced considerably in the last decade since the first edition was published. In particular there have been substantial and ongoing advances in statistics and modelling applications in population ecology, as well as an explosion of new techniques reflecting the availability of new technologies (e.g. affordable and accurate Global Positioning Systems) and advances in molecular biology. This new edition has been updated and revised with more recent examples replacing older ones where appropriate. The book's trademark question-driven approach has been maintained and some important topics such as the metapopulation concept which are missing entirely from the current edition are now included throughout the text.

Invasive Species Management

A Handbook of Principles and Techniques

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Author: Mick N. Clout,Peter A. Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199216320

Category: Nature

Page: 308

View: 1526

The effective management of invasive alien species is clearly a priority for biological conservation worldwide. This book first provides strategies for managing such species at successive invasion stages, from prevention at the border to control of major infestations. It then describes the general tools and approaches that are recommended for successful management of particular groups of invasive organisms in a range of environments. In each case, the ecologicalbasis and practical requirements of invasive alien species management are addressed.

Population Viability in Plants

Conservation, Management, and Modeling of Rare Plants

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Author: Christy A. Brigham

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540439097

Category: Nature

Page: 362

View: 561

Persistence, threats, pathogens, herbivores, interactions, fragmented, landscape, extinction, habitat, disturbance, restoration.

The Forest Certification Handbook

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Author: Ruth Nussbaum,Markku Simula

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849773009

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 9836

First published in 1995, The Forest Certification Handbook has become the landmark book concerning all aspects of forest and wood product certification from policy to business to in-the-field technical issues. Yet since first publication an enormous amount has happened in the field. This new second edition has been entirely rewritten to incorporate the changes over the past decade, and is a complete and up-to-date source of information on all aspects of developing, selecting and operating a forest certification programme that provides both market security and raises standards of forest management.

Resource Assessment in Forested Landscapes

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Author: David D. Reed,Glenn D. Mroz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471155829

Category: Nature

Page: 386

View: 2424

This book goes beyond traditional forest mensuration to satisfy contemporary demands for measuring non-timber landscape values such as soils, wildlife habitat and hydrology. It incorporates GIS (Geographical Information Systems) technology in the handling of forestry and data and prepares readers for the government regulations that demand that ecological resources be given weight in forestry management.