Foot and Mouth Disease

Current Perspectives

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Author: Francisco Sobrino,Esteban Domingo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849329517

Category: Medical

Page: 600

View: 3808

The shock following the recent outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the UK dispelled the notion that this disease was permanently under control and could be forgotten. FMD proved to be an endemic disease in many countries and continues to pose a major threat to animal health worldwide. The development of more effective and socially acceptable diagnosis and control measures is essential to effectively combat this devastating virus. Foot and Mouth Disease: Current Perspectives benefits researchers by presenting the latest developments resulting from the upsurge in data concerning this disease. Interdisciplinary in its approach, this book offers the first coherent picture of emerging strategies for diagnosis and control. With contributions from respected FMD researchers worldwide, this volume provides comprehensive coverage of the entire spectrum of FMD issues. Topics include genome organization, translation and replication of FMD virus RNA, proteinases, virus particles, clinical signs of FMD, and much more. This book delivers essential information for everyone with an interest in FMD, such as virologists, molecular biologists, biotechnologists, veterinarians, and pharmaceutical and biotech researchers.

Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security, 4 Volume Set

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Author: John G. Voeller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471761303

Category: Science

Page: 2888

View: 5070

The Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security is an essential and timely collection of resources designed to support the effective communication of homeland security research across all disciplines and institutional boundaries. Truly a unique work this 4 volume set focuses on the science behind safety, security, and recovery from both man-made and natural disasters has a broad scope and international focus. The Handbook: Educates researchers in the critical needs of the homeland security and intelligence communities and the potential contributions of their own disciplines Emphasizes the role of fundamental science in creating novel technological solutions Details the international dimensions of homeland security and counterterrorism research Provides guidance on technology diffusion from the laboratory to the field Supports cross-disciplinary dialogue in this field between operational, R&D and consumer communities

Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus

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Author: Francisco Sobrino

Publisher: Caister Academic Press

ISBN: 1910190527

Category: Medical

Page: 444

View: 8371

Fifteen years after the devastating 2001 European foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreak, the virus causing that shocking episode continues to pose a major threat to animal health worldwide. The development of more effective, sustainable and socially acceptable disease control measures remains a key task. This volume provides essential scientific background on FMD and its etiological agent, FMD virus, as well as comprehensive, interdisciplinary and up-to-date information on basic research findings and applied developments contributing to FMD control. The eighteen chapters have been written by leading FMD researchers. Topics include genome organization, translation and replication, virus-coded proteinases, structure of virus particles, cell receptors and host range, the RNA polymerase, quasispecies dynamics and virus evolution, innate and acquired immune responses, and the clinical signs of FMD and its natural habitats. Further chapters deal with various aspects of disease control such as diagnosis, current and new vaccines, antivirals and models of epidemiology. The role of international organizations in FMD control and the impact of FMDV as a re-emergent virus are also addressed. The book is required reading for everyone involved in FMD and is an important acquisition for all microbiology libraries.

Social and Behavioral Research for Homeland Security

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Author: John G. Voeller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118651804

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 85

View: 8613

Social and Behavioral Research for Homeland Security features articles from the Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security covering social and psychological aspects of terrorism and counterterrorism efforts from different perspectives. First, it examines the roots of terrorism; second, it explores the consequences of terrorism; then communication, training, and learning development of responders and the public in situations of terror attacks, are discussed.

Animal Viruses

Molecular Biology

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Author: Thomas C. Mettenleiter,Francisco Sobrino

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 1904455220

Category: Science

Page: 531

View: 3190

The study of animal viruses contributes to the general understanding of the molecular basis of viral infection. The emergence of the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) virus in the human population, coming from an animal source, highlights the importance of animals in harboring infectious agents. In addition, it has been recognized recently that influenza viruses, which persist in their natural avian host, can directly infect humans. In this book, an international panel of leading virologists provide a state-of-the-art overview of the field, comprehensively detailing the current understanding of viruses, their replication, evolution, and interaction with the host. The authors emphasize strategic and methodological aspects of current research, and provide key related references. Topics include foot-and-mouth disease virus, Pestivirus, Arteriviridae, Coronaviruses (including SARS), Herpesviridae, Paramyxoviridae, influenza viruses, Reoviridae, porcine circoviruses, Asfarviridae and much more.

Influenza Virology

Current Topics

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Author: Yoshihiro Kawaoka

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 9781904455066

Category: Medical

Page: 367

View: 5383

Three times in the last century, influenza viruses have undergone major genetic changes resulting in global pandemics that had devastating effects. The most infamous pandemic was the "Spanish Flu" which affected up to 25% of the world population and is thought to have killed at least 40 million people. In 1997 and 2003, a new influenza A virus of H5N1 subtype emerged in Asia and was transmitted directly from birds to humans with lethal outcomes. Despite monumental efforts to contain them, the H5N1 viruses expanded their territory and caused a major outbreak in wild waterfowl in China in 2005. Despite extensive, coordinated efforts by various agencies and disciplines, both national and international, we are ill-equipped for a new influenza pandemic. In fact, it is highly unlikely that adequate supplies of vaccine for the H5N1 viruses will be prepared prior to the occurrence of the next pandemic. To combat the outbreaks that will undoubtedly occur in the near future, a better understanding of influenza virus itself is urgently needed along with a greater knowledge of the virus-host interaction and mechanisms of drug resistance. In this timely book, world renown scientists - including the 1996 Nobel Prize winner, Peter Doherty - critically review the most important issues in this rapidly expanding field. Coverage includes analysis of influenza RNP, viral entry and intracellular transport, epidemiology, host range and pathogenicity, antivirals, vaccines, H5 viruses, and much more.

Viruses and Man: A History of Interactions

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Author: Milton W. Taylor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319077589

Category: Medical

Page: 430

View: 5376

Milton Taylor, Indiana University, offers an easy-to-read and fascinating text describing the impact of viruses on human society. The book starts with an analysis of the profound effect that viral epidemics had on world history resulting in demographic upheavals by destroying total populations. It also provides a brief history of virology and immunology. Furthermore, the use of viruses for the treatment of cancer (viral oncolysis or virotherapy) and bacterial diseases (phage therapy) and as vectors in gene therapy is discussed in detail. Several chapters focus on viral diseases such as smallpox, influenza, polio, hepatitis and their control, as well as on HIV and AIDS and on some emerging viruses with an interesting story attached to their discovery or vaccine development. The book closes with a chapter on biological weapons. It will serve as an invaluable source of information for beginners in the field of virology as well as for experienced virologists, other academics, students, and readers without prior knowledge of virology or molecular biology.

MRSA

Current Perspectives

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Author: Ad C. Fluit,Franz-Josef Schmitz

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 9780954246457

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 1209

Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains are notorious for causing wound infections after surgery and can be especially difficult to combat. The 11 contributions in this collection describe laboratory techniques for detecting MRSA, molecular approaches for epidemiological character

CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel

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Author: Centers For Disease Control and Pre CDC

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190628618

Category: Medical

Page: 704

View: 6763

THE ESSENTIAL WORK IN TRAVEL MEDICINE -- NOW COMPLETELY UPDATED FOR 2018 As unprecedented numbers of travelers cross international borders each day, the need for up-to-date, practical information about the health challenges posed by travel has never been greater. For both international travelers and the health professionals who care for them, the CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel is the definitive guide to staying safe and healthy anywhere in the world. The fully revised and updated 2018 edition codifies the U.S. government's most current health guidelines and information for international travelers, including pretravel vaccine recommendations, destination-specific health advice, and easy-to-reference maps, tables, and charts. The 2018 Yellow Book also addresses the needs of specific types of travelers, with dedicated sections on: - Precautions for pregnant travelers, immunocompromised travelers, and travelers with disabilities - Special considerations for newly arrived adoptees, immigrants, and refugees - Practical tips for last-minute or resource-limited travelers - Advice for air crews, humanitarian workers, missionaries, and others who provide care and support overseas Authored by a team of the world's most esteemed travel medicine experts, the Yellow Book is an essential resource for travelers -- and the clinicians overseeing their care -- at home and abroad.

Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540224198

Category: Medical

Page: 178

View: 7271

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has been recognized in printed records dating from the sixteenth century, and since the eradication of rinderpest (cattle plague) in the early part of the twentieth century it has been rec- nized as the most important and feared disease of cattle and other dom- tic livestock. The beginning of the twenty-first century brought the worst outbreak of FMD ever experienced in England, which had been completely free of the disease for 33 years. This tragic epidemic, which spread to Northern Ireland, Scotland, France and the Netherlands with severe e- nomic consequences, emphasized the need for further research into better methods for the detection and control of the disease. FMD is caused by a small RNA virus which is highly contagious and can survive in meat and other animal products for long periods at normal pH levels. The virus typically infects cloven-hoofed animals, including c- tle, goats, pigs and sheep, as well as a wide range of non-domesticated a- mals in regions of the world where FMD virus is endemic, such as the Af- can continent. There are seven recognized serotypes of FMD virus, with numerous subtypes, and as a consequence vaccine production and administration is complex and a major debate surrounds every disease outbreak regarding the relative merits of vaccination as opposed to the slaughter of all infected animals.

World Report on Ageing and Health

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Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241565047

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 246

View: 371

The WHO World report on ageing and health is not for the book shelf it is a living breathing testament to all older people who have fought for their voice to be heard at all levels of government across disciplines and sectors. - Mr Bjarne Hastrup President International Federation on Ageing and CEO DaneAge This report outlines a framework for action to foster Healthy Ageing built around the new concept of functional ability. This will require a transformation of health systems away from disease based curative models and towards the provision of older-person-centred and integrated care. It will require the development sometimes from nothing of comprehensive systems of long term care. It will require a coordinated response from many other sectors and multiple levels of government. And it will need to draw on better ways of measuring and monitoring the health and functioning of older populations. These actions are likely to be a sound investment in society's future. A future that gives older people the freedom to live lives that previous generations might never have imagined. The World report on ageing and health responds to these challenges by recommending equally profound changes in the way health policies for ageing populations are formulated and services are provided. As the foundation for its recommendations the report looks at what the latest evidence has to say about the ageing process noting that many common perceptions and assumptions about older people are based on outdated stereotypes. The report's recommendations are anchored in the evidence comprehensive and forward-looking yet eminently practical. Throughout examples of experiences from different countries are used to illustrate how specific problems can be addressed through innovation solutions. Topics explored range from strategies to deliver comprehensive and person-centred services to older populations to policies that enable older people to live in comfort and safety to ways to correct the problems and injustices inherent in current systems for long-term care.

Bradford's History "of Plimoth Plantation."

From the Original Manuscript. With a Report of the Proceedings Incident to the Return of the Manuscript to Massachusetts

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Author: William Bradford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Massachusetts

Page: 555

View: 8618

Veterinary Clinical Epidemiology, Third Edition

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Author: Ronald D. Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849315662

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 8853

While veterinary medicine has always valued the concepts and methods of epidemiology, they are virtually inseparable in today’s clinical practice. With access to an ever-expanding number of journals, as well as countless Internet sources, more and more veterinarians are practicing evidence-based medicine. This is defined as the process of systematically finding, appraising, and adopting research findings as the primary basis for clinical decisions. “An underlying premise of the book is that patient-based research is epidemiologic research....It logically follows that the users of this information, veterinary students and practitioners, be skilled in its application to patient care.” – from the preface Veterinary Clinical Epidemiology, Third Edition focuses on developing a deeper understanding of epidemiology and exemplifies how an improved capacity for interpreting and critiquing available literature ultimately leads to improved patient care. In preparing this edition, Ronald Smith, a highly respected epidemiologist, practitioner, and educator, has entirely updated his earlier work to reflect those changes that have dramatically altered the practice of veterinary medicine over the last ten years. New to the third edition: · Numerous updated examples of the application of epidemiology in clinical practice · Expanded journal representation to include a larger selection of international research · Increased coverage of hypothesis testing, survey design, sampling and epidemiologic conceptsrelated to the practice of evidence-based medicine · Revised and updated information on diagnostic testing, risk assessment, causality, and the use of statistics Veterinary Clinical Epidemiology, Third Edition provides practitioners and researchers with the knowledge and tools to understand, critically assess, and make use of the medical literature that is vital to the treatment of animal patients.

Emerging Infections 6

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Author: W. Michael Scheld,Barbara E. Murray,James M. Hughes

Publisher: ASM Press

ISBN: 9781555812423

Category: Medical

Page: 210

View: 4119

Emerging Infections 6 is the sixth of an annual series of books based on ICAAC Symposia on Emerging Infections. It provides a complete and updated discussion of new and emerging infectious diseases, covering both basic science and clinical topics. The editors are in the forefront of the scientific and clinical communities dealing with emerging pathogens. This book and the series will be valuable to a wide range of people working in microbiology, infectious diseases, epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine.

Alphaviruses

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Author: Lara Herrero Suresh Mahalingam

Publisher: Caister Academic Press

ISBN: 1910190160

Category: Medical

Page: 194

View: 4385

Alphaviruses comprise a fascinating group of small, enveloped single-stranded positive-sense RNA viruses. They are usually transmitted by arthropod vectors (usually mosquitoes). Of the thirty known species, eight are important human pathogens (e.g. Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus) whilst one, salmonid alphavirus, is of economic importance to the farmed fish industry. Due to their small size alphaviruses have historically been utilised as model systems for the analysis of viral pathogenesis. Understanding alphavirus molecular biology, pathogenesis and host interactions are key areas of research that have applications not only in disease prevention but also in permitting the exploitation of certain alphaviruses, e.g. Semliki Forest virus, as efficient gene therapy and/or vaccine delivery vehicles. This timely book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in alphavirus research. Written by a team of prominent scientists the main focus is on the pathogenesis and host interactions. Topics covered include: genome structure and replication; viral evolution; laboratory diagnosis and detection; interaction with the interferon system; antiviral responses in mosquitoes; animal models of alphavirus-induced inflammatory disease; clinical manifestations of arthritogenic alphaviruses; encephalitic alphaviruses; the application of alphavirus vectors for gene therapy; and chikungunya virus pathogenesis and the development of control strategies. As the first to focus exclusively on alphaviruses, this book serves as an invaluable resource for researchers and clinicians working with alphaviruses and related viruses. Essential reading.