Foot and Mouth Disease

Current Perspectives

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Author: Francisco Sobrino,Esteban Domingo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849329517

Category: Medical

Page: 600

View: 7723

The shock following the recent outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the UK dispelled the notion that this disease was permanently under control and could be forgotten. FMD proved to be an endemic disease in many countries and continues to pose a major threat to animal health worldwide. The development of more effective and socially acceptable diagnosis and control measures is essential to effectively combat this devastating virus. Foot and Mouth Disease: Current Perspectives benefits researchers by presenting the latest developments resulting from the upsurge in data concerning this disease. Interdisciplinary in its approach, this book offers the first coherent picture of emerging strategies for diagnosis and control. With contributions from respected FMD researchers worldwide, this volume provides comprehensive coverage of the entire spectrum of FMD issues. Topics include genome organization, translation and replication of FMD virus RNA, proteinases, virus particles, clinical signs of FMD, and much more. This book delivers essential information for everyone with an interest in FMD, such as virologists, molecular biologists, biotechnologists, veterinarians, and pharmaceutical and biotech researchers.

Foot and Mouth Disease

Current Perspectives

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Author: Francisco Sobrino,Esteban Domingo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849329517

Category: Medical

Page: 600

View: 5045

The shock following the recent outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the UK dispelled the notion that this disease was permanently under control and could be forgotten. FMD proved to be an endemic disease in many countries and continues to pose a major threat to animal health worldwide. The development of more effective and socially acceptable diagnosis and control measures is essential to effectively combat this devastating virus. Foot and Mouth Disease: Current Perspectives benefits researchers by presenting the latest developments resulting from the upsurge in data concerning this disease. Interdisciplinary in its approach, this book offers the first coherent picture of emerging strategies for diagnosis and control. With contributions from respected FMD researchers worldwide, this volume provides comprehensive coverage of the entire spectrum of FMD issues. Topics include genome organization, translation and replication of FMD virus RNA, proteinases, virus particles, clinical signs of FMD, and much more. This book delivers essential information for everyone with an interest in FMD, such as virologists, molecular biologists, biotechnologists, veterinarians, and pharmaceutical and biotech researchers.

Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security, 4 Volume Set

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Author: John G. Voeller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471761303

Category: Science

Page: 2888

View: 1234

The Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security is an essential and timely collection of resources designed to support the effective communication of homeland security research across all disciplines and institutional boundaries. Truly a unique work this 4 volume set focuses on the science behind safety, security, and recovery from both man-made and natural disasters has a broad scope and international focus. The Handbook: Educates researchers in the critical needs of the homeland security and intelligence communities and the potential contributions of their own disciplines Emphasizes the role of fundamental science in creating novel technological solutions Details the international dimensions of homeland security and counterterrorism research Provides guidance on technology diffusion from the laboratory to the field Supports cross-disciplinary dialogue in this field between operational, R&D and consumer communities

Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus

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Author: Francisco Sobrino

Publisher: Caister Academic Press

ISBN: 1910190527

Category: Medical

Page: 444

View: 1732

Fifteen years after the devastating 2001 European foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreak, the virus causing that shocking episode continues to pose a major threat to animal health worldwide. The development of more effective, sustainable and socially acceptable disease control measures remains a key task. This volume provides essential scientific background on FMD and its etiological agent, FMD virus, as well as comprehensive, interdisciplinary and up-to-date information on basic research findings and applied developments contributing to FMD control. The eighteen chapters have been written by leading FMD researchers. Topics include genome organization, translation and replication, virus-coded proteinases, structure of virus particles, cell receptors and host range, the RNA polymerase, quasispecies dynamics and virus evolution, innate and acquired immune responses, and the clinical signs of FMD and its natural habitats. Further chapters deal with various aspects of disease control such as diagnosis, current and new vaccines, antivirals and models of epidemiology. The role of international organizations in FMD control and the impact of FMDV as a re-emergent virus are also addressed. The book is required reading for everyone involved in FMD and is an important acquisition for all microbiology libraries.

Social and Behavioral Research for Homeland Security

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Author: John G. Voeller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118651804

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 85

View: 4867

Social and Behavioral Research for Homeland Security features articles from the Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security covering social and psychological aspects of terrorism and counterterrorism efforts from different perspectives. First, it examines the roots of terrorism; second, it explores the consequences of terrorism; then communication, training, and learning development of responders and the public in situations of terror attacks, are discussed.

Animal Viruses

Molecular Biology

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Author: Thomas C. Mettenleiter,Francisco Sobrino

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 1904455220

Category: Science

Page: 531

View: 4425

The study of animal viruses contributes to the general understanding of the molecular basis of viral infection. The emergence of the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) virus in the human population, coming from an animal source, highlights the importance of animals in harboring infectious agents. In addition, it has been recognized recently that influenza viruses, which persist in their natural avian host, can directly infect humans. In this book, an international panel of leading virologists provide a state-of-the-art overview of the field, comprehensively detailing the current understanding of viruses, their replication, evolution, and interaction with the host. The authors emphasize strategic and methodological aspects of current research, and provide key related references. Topics include foot-and-mouth disease virus, Pestivirus, Arteriviridae, Coronaviruses (including SARS), Herpesviridae, Paramyxoviridae, influenza viruses, Reoviridae, porcine circoviruses, Asfarviridae and much more.

Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080931391

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 4389

Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, Second Edition addresses important issues by examining topics of global agriculture and food systems that are key to understanding the challenges we face. Questions it addresses include: Will we be able to produce enough food to meet the increasing dietary needs and wants of the additional two billion people expected to inhabit our planet by 2050? Will we be able to meet the need for so much more food while simultaneously reducing adverse environmental effects of today’s agriculture practices? Will we be able to produce the additional food using less land and water than we use now? These are among the most important challenges that face our planet in the coming decades. The broad themes of food systems and people, agriculture and the environment, the science of agriculture, agricultural products, and agricultural production systems are covered in more than 200 separate chapters of this work. The book provides information that serves as the foundation for discussion of the food and environment challenges of the world. An international group of highly respected authors addresses these issues from a global perspective and provides the background, references, and linkages for further exploration of each of topics of this comprehensive work. Addresses important challenges of sustainability and efficiency from a global perspective. Takes a detailed look at the important issues affecting the agricultural and food industries today. Full colour throughout.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

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Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6836

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Emerging Animal Diseases: Global Markets, Global Safety

Workshop Summary

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Debra P. Davis

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309084687

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 54

View: 2693

Recent outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in Europe and Japan set off alarm bells in the United States and other nations, prompting a flurry of new regulations, border controls, inspections, and other activities to prevent incursions of the diseases. The terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, DC, added a new note of urgency to the alarm. Concerned about additional acts of terror or sabotage in various sectors of the economy, including agriculture, U.S. government and industry officials have begun to reevaluate emergency management plans in response to these threats and to shift the focus of research and planning. More than 200 representatives of government, industry, academia, and nongovernmental organizations gathered at a one-day workshop in Washington, DC, on January 15, 2002, to assess what the United States is doing about emerging animal diseases and related issues and to explore what still needs to be done. Major objectives of the workshop include: (1) elucidating information on the U.S. position with regard to potentially threatening animal diseases; (2) identifying critical problems, barriers, and data gaps; and (3) defining potential future National Academies' activities. Emerging Animal Diseases describes the issues presented and discussed by the workshop participants. This report summary extracts the key technical issues from the presentations and discussions, rather than presenting each session and panel discussion separately. Many issues were touched upon repeatedly by several speakers in different sessions, and this format is intended to allow readers who did not attend the workshop to have a good understanding of the discussions in the context of the entire workshop.

Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine Current Therapy, Volume 7 - E-Book

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Author: R. Eric Miller,Murray E. Fowler

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437719856

Category: Medical

Page: 688

View: 1202

With coverage of current issues and emerging trends, Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, Volume 7 provides a comprehensive, all-new reference for the management of zoo and wildlife diseases. A Current Therapy format emphasizes the latest advances in the field, including nutrition, diagnosis, and treatment protocols. Cutting-edge coverage includes topics such as the "One Medicine" concept, laparoscopic surgery in elephants and rhinoceros, amphibian viral diseases, and advanced water quality evaluation for zoos. Editors R. Eric Miller and Murray E. Fowler promote a philosophy of animal conservation, bridging the gap between captive and free-ranging wild animal medicine with chapters contributed by more than 100 international experts. The Current Therapy format focuses on emerging trends, treatment protocols, and diagnostic updates new to the field, providing timely information on the latest advances in zoo and wild animal medicine. Content ranges from drug treatment, nutrition, husbandry, surgery, and imaging to behavioral training. Coverage of species ranges from giraffes, elephants, lions, and orangutans to sea turtles, hellbenders, bats, kakapos, and more. An extensive list of contributors includes recognized authors from around the world, offering expert information with chapters focusing on the latest research and clinical management of captive and free-ranging wild animals. A philosophy of animal conservation helps zoo and wildlife veterinarians fulfill not only the technical aspects of veterinary medicine, but contribute to the overall biological teams needed to rescue many threatened and endangered species from extinction. All content is new, with coverage including coverage of cutting-edge issues such as white-nose disease in bats, updates on Ebola virus in wild great apes, and chytrid fungus in amphibians. Full-color photographs depict external clinical signs for more accurate clinical recognition. Discussions of the "One Medicine" concept include chapters addressing the interface between wildlife, livestock, human, and ecosystem health. New sections cover Edentates, Marsupials, Carnivores, Perrissodactyla, and Camelids. Over 100 new tables provide a quick reference to a wide range of topics. An emphasis on conserving threatened and endangered species globally involves 102 expert authors representing 12 different countries.

Die Augen der Haut

Architektur und Die Sinne

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Author: Juhani Pallasmaa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780982225196

Category: Architecture

Page: 110

View: 3599

Architektur kann inspirierend und einnehmend sein, sie kann sogar im Sinne Goethes -das Leben steigern-. Wie kommt es aber, dass architektonische Entwurfe am Zeichentisch oder am Computer-Bildschirm zwar meist recht gut aussehen, in der gebauten Realitat jedoch oft enttauschen? Die Antwort hierfur, behauptet Juhani Pallasmaa, findet sich in der Vorherrschaft des Visuellen, die alle Bereiche von Technologie- und Konsumkultur umfasst und so auch in die Architekturpraxis und -lehre Einzug gehalten hat. Wahrend unsere Erfahrung der Welt auf der Kombination aller funf Sinne beruht, berucksichtigt die Mehrheit der heute realisierten Architektur gerade mal einen den Sehsinn. Die Unterdruckung der anderen Erfahrungsbereiche hat unsere Umwelt sinnlich verarmen lassen und ruft Gefuhle von Distanz und Entfremdung hervor. Erstmalig 1996 (in englischer Sprache) veroffentlicht, ist "Die Augen der Haut" inzwischen zu einem Klassiker der Architekturtheorie geworden, der weltweit zur Pflichtlekture an den Architekturhochschulen gehort. Das Buch besteht aus zwei Essays. Der erste gibt einen Uberblick uber die Entwicklung des okularzentrischen Paradigmas in der westlichen Kultur seit der griechischen Antike sowie uber dessen Einfluss auf unsere Welterfahrung und die Eigenschaften der Architektur. Der zweite Essay untersucht, welche Rolle die ubrigen Sinne bei authentischen Architekturerfahrungen spielen, und weist einen Weg in Richtung einer multisensorischen Architektur, welche ein Gefuhl von Zugehorigkeit und Integration ermoglicht. Seit der Erstveroffentlichung des Buchs hat die Rolle des Korpers und der Sinne ein gesteigertes Interesse in der Architekturphilosophie und Architekturlehre erfahren. Die neue, uberarbeitete und erganzte Ausgabe dieses wegweisenden Werks wird nicht nur Architekten und Studenten dazu anregen, eine ganzheitlichere Architektur zu entwerfen, sondern auch die Wahrnehmung des interessierten Laien bereichern. -Seit "Architektur Erlebnis" (1959) des danischen Architekten Steen Eiler Rasmussen hat es keinen derart pragnanten und klar verstandlichen Text mehr gegeben, der Studenten und Architekten in diesen kritischen Zeiten dabei helfen kann, eine Architektur des 21. Jahrhunderts zu entwickeln.- Steven Holl Juhani Pallasmaa ist einer der angesehensten finnischen Architekten und Architekturtheoretiker. In allen Bereichen seiner theoretischen und gestalterischen Tatigkeit welche Architektur, Grafik Design, Stadteplanung und Ausstellungen umfasst betont er stets die zentrale Rolle von Identitat, Sinneserfahrung und Taktilitat."

Befreit

Wie Bildung mir die Welt erschloss

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Author: Tara Westover

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462316680

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 448

View: 6952

Von den Bergen Idahos nach Cambridge – der unwahrscheinliche »Bildungsweg« der Tara Westover. Tara Westover ist 17 Jahre alt, als sie zum ersten Mal eine Schulklasse betritt. Zehn Jahre später kann sie eine beeindruckende akademische Laufbahn vorweisen. Aufgewachsen im ländlichen Amerika, befreit sie sich aus einer ärmlichen, archaischen und von Paranoia und Gewalt geprägten Welt durch – Bildung, durch die Aneignung von Wissen, das ihr so lange vorenthalten worden war. Die Berge Idahos sind Taras Heimat, sie lebt als Kind im Einklang mit der grandiosen Natur, mit dem Wechsel der Jahreszeiten – und mit den Gesetzen, die ihr Vater aufstellt. Er ist ein fundamentalistischer Mormone, vom baldigen Ende der Welt überzeugt und voller Misstrauen gegenüber dem Staat, von dem er sich verfolgt sieht. Tara und ihre Geschwister gehen nicht zur Schule, sie haben keine Geburtsurkunden, und ein Arzt wird selbst bei fürchterlichsten Verletzungen nicht gerufen. Und die kommen häufig vor, denn die Kinder müssen bei der schweren Arbeit auf Vaters Schrottplatz helfen, um über die Runden zu kommen. Taras Mutter, die einzige Hebamme in der Gegend, heilt die Wunden mit ihren Kräutern. Nichts ist dieser Welt ferner als Bildung. Und doch findet Tara die Kraft, sich auf die Aufnahmeprüfung fürs College vorzubereiten, auch wenn sie quasi bei null anfangen muss ... Wie Tara Westover sich aus dieser Welt befreit, überhaupt erst einmal ein Bewusstsein von sich selbst entwickelt, um den schmerzhaften Abnabelungsprozess von ihrer Familie bewältigen zu können, das beschreibt sie in diesem ergreifenden und wunderbar poetischen Buch. » Befreit wirft ein Licht auf einen Teil unseres Landes, den wir zu oft übersehen. Tara Westovers eindringliche Erzählung — davon, einen Platz für sich selbst in der Welt zu finden, ohne die Verbindung zu ihrer Familie und ihrer geliebten Heimat zu verlieren — verdient es, weithin gelesen zu werden.« J.D. Vance Autor der »Hillbilly-Elegie«

Managing the Transition to Renewable Energy

Theory and Practice from Local, Regional and Macro Perspectives

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Author: Jeroen C. J. M. van den Bergh,Frank Reinier Bruinsma

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781782542940

Category: Science

Page: 385

View: 2525

This edited work studies the transition to renewable energy. It offers perspectives from a wide range of disciplines, addressing macro, regional and local scales. Important lessons are also drawn from historical transitions.

Integration and Self Regulation of Quality Management in Dutch Agri-food Supply Chains

A Cross-chain Analysis of the Poultry Meat, the Fruit and Vegetable and the Flower and Potted Plant Chains

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Author: Wijnand Van Plaggenhoef

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086860559

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 295

View: 1402

During the last decade, sector wide crises in agriculture have rapidly followed each other, resulting in serious consumer concerns about the quality and safety of agri-food products. To prevent new crises, governments have developed quality regulations and retailers have introduced quality management standards. However, concerns have been raised about the administrative burdens placed on firms, because they must comply with many private and public quality regulations. Therefore, both government and firms strive for more integration and self regulation of quality management systems.By combining managerial and economic theory, this study builds a framework to demonstrate the impact of integrated quality management on self regulation and performance. Using empirical evidence from the poultry meat, the fruit and vegetable and the flower and potted plant chains, this study shows that integrated quality management systems positively affect performance and self regulation. However, it is necessary to find committed partners that share the firm?s quality objectives. In most cases, too strict enforcement of quality requirements is destructive, initiates conflict and does not lead to higher performance. Furthermore, governmental agencies should focus on innovative approaches to assure quality. Not legislation, but factors such as media attention and corporate social responsibility enlarge the integration of quality management systems.This book is recommended for a broad audience of professionals, practitioners and policy makers who concern themselves with the design, management and assessment of quality management and self regulation in agri-food supply chains.

Technologies for Rainfed Agriculture in Mediterranean Climates

A Review of World Bank Experiences

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Author: Peter Oram,C. de Haan

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821334331

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 168

View: 7793

This report describes the results of a survey of 1,000 multinational corporations undertaken in 1992 which asked about the importance of environmental issues in investment decisions. The survey shows that most large corporations look systematically at environmental questions when they decide where to invest. Environmental problems appear to have discouraged a number of investments across different industries and the question of liability for past pollution problems at industrial sites was the greatest concern for investors.