Food Stabilisers, Thickeners and Gelling Agents

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Author: Alan Imeson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444360337

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 9151

Stabilisers, thickeners and gelling agents are extracted from a variety of natural raw materials and incorporated into foods to give the structure, flow, stability and eating qualities desired by consumers. These additives include traditional materials such as starch, a thickener obtained from many land plants; gelatine, an animal by-product giving characteristic melt-in-the-mouth gels; and cellulose, the most abundant structuring polymer in land plants. Seed gums and other materials derived from sea plants extend the range of polymers. Recently-approved additives include the microbial polysaccharides of xanthan, gellan and pullulan. This book is a highly practical guide to the use of polymers in food technology to stabilise, thicken and gel foods, resulting in consistent, high quality products. The information is designed to be easy to read and assimilate. New students will find chapters presented in a standard format, enabling key points to be located quickly. Those with more experience will be able to compare and contrast different materials and gain a greater understanding of the interactions that take place during food production. This concise, modern review of hydrocolloid developments will be a valuable teaching resource and reference text for all academic and practical workers involved in hydrocolloids in particular, and food development and production in general.

Food Stabilisers, Thickeners and Gelling Agents

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Author: Alan Imeson

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405132671

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 9062

Stabilisers, thickeners and gelling agents are extracted from a variety of natural raw materials and incorporated into foods to give the structure, flow, stability and eating qualities desired by consumers. These additives include traditional materials such as starch, a thickener obtained from many land plants; gelatine, an animal by-product giving characteristic melt-in-the-mouth gels; and cellulose, the most abundant structuring polymer in land plants. Seed gums and other materials derived from sea plants extend the range of polymers. Recently-approved additives include the microbial polysaccharides of xanthan, gellan and pullulan. This book is a highly practical guide to the use of polymers in food technology to stabilise, thicken and gel foods, resulting in consistent, high quality products. The information is designed to be easy to read and assimilate. New students will find chapters presented in a standard format, enabling key points to be located quickly. Those with more experience will be able to compare and contrast different materials and gain a greater understanding of the interactions that take place during food production. This concise, modern review of hydrocolloid developments will be a valuable teaching resource and reference text for all academic and practical workers involved in hydrocolloids in particular, and food development and production in general.

Thickening and Gelling Agents for Food

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Author: Alan P. Imeson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461521971

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 8135

The sucess of the first edition of Thickening and Gelling Agents for Food underlined the keen interest in functional food ingredients. In this second edition, the text has been completely revised and updated to reflect the current market trends. New chapters have been included to broaden the scope of materials used by the food technologist. Agar and konjac gum (flour), probably the most traditional gelling and thickening agents, but most widely utilised in the Far East, have been given greater prominence. Microcrystalline cellulose, a relatively new food stabiliser used widely in the USA, has been included. The preparation of traditional products using formulations suited to bulk food processings is described while new areas focus on low fat and low calorie foods where there is an even greater demand for controlling the stability, viscosity, gelation and mouthfeel using a broad range of thickening and gelling agents. Recent legislative changes in the USA and EC impact the use of additives including gellan gum, konjac flour, carrageenan, tara gum and microcrystal line cellulose: some changes have increased the number of additives ap proved for foods, while others allow a broader range of materials to be used in foods. The detailed information on products, properties and applications given in this second edition will enable these highly functional thickening and gelling agents to be used to full advantage.

Handbook of Hydrocolloids

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Author: Glyn O. Phillips,P A Williams

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1845695879

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 948

View: 8466

Hydrocolloids are among the most widely used ingredients in the food industry. They function as thickening and gelling agents, texturizers, stabilisers and emulsifiers and in addition have application in areas such as edible coatings and flavour release. Products reformulated for fat reduction are particularly dependent on hydrocolloids for satisfactory sensory quality. They now also find increasing applications in the health area as dietary fibre of low calorific value. The first edition of Handbook of Hydrocolloids provided professionals in the food industry with relevant practical information about the range of hydrocolloid ingredients readily and at the same time authoritatively. It was exceptionally well received and has subsequently been used as the substantive reference on these food ingredients. Extensively revised and expanded and containing eight new chapters, this major new edition strengthens that reputation. Edited by two leading international authorities in the field, the second edition reviews over twenty-five hydrocolloids, covering structure and properties, processing, functionality, applications and regulatory status. Since there is now greater emphasis on the protein hydrocolloids, new chapters on vegetable proteins and egg protein have been added. Coverage of microbial polysaccharides has also been increased and the developing role of the exudate gums recognised, with a new chapter on Gum Ghatti. Protein-polysaccharide complexes are finding increased application in food products and a new chapter on this topic as been added. Two additional chapters reviewing the role of hydrocolloids in emulsification and their role as dietary fibre and subsequent health benefits are also included. The second edition of Handbook of hydrocolloids is an essential reference for post-graduate students, research scientists and food manufacturers. Extensively revised and expanded second edition edited by two leading international authorities Provides an introduction to food hydrocolliods considering regulatory aspects and thickening characteristics Comprehensively examines the manufacture, structure, function and applications of over twenty five hydrocolloids

The Chemistry of Food Additives and Preservatives

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Author: Titus A. M. Msagati

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118274113

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 331

The Chemistry of Food Additives and Preservatives is an up-to-date reference guide on the range of different types of additives (both natural and synthetic) used in the food industry today. It looks at the processes involved in inputting additives and preservatives to foods, and the mechanisms and methods used. The book contains full details about the chemistry of each major class of food additive, showing the reader not just what kind of additives are used and what their functions are, but also how they work and how they can have multiple functionalities. In addition, this book covers numerous new additives currently being introduced, and an explanation of how the quality of these is ascertained and how consumer safety is ensured.

Cooking Innovations

Using Hydrocolloids for Thickening, Gelling, and Emulsification

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Author: Amos Nussinovitch,Madoka Hirashima

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439875898

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 3770

While hydrocolloids have been used for centuries, it took molecular gastronomy to bring them to the forefront of modern cuisine. They are among the most commonly used ingredients in the food industry, functioning as thickeners, gelling agents, texturizers, stabilizers, and emulsifiers. They also have applications in the areas of edible coatings and flavor release. Although there are many books describing hydrocolloids and their industrial uses, Cooking Innovations: Using Hydrocolloids for Thickening, Gelling, and Emulsification is the first scientific book devoted to the unique applications of hydrocolloids in the kitchen, covering both past uses and future innovations. Each chapter addresses a particular hydrocolloid, protein hydrocolloid, or protein–polysaccharide complex. Starting with a brief description of the chemical and physical nature of the hydrocolloid, its manufacture, and its biological/toxicological properties, the emphasis is on practical information for both the professional chef and amateur cook. Each chapter includes recipes demonstrating the particular hydrocolloid’s unique abilities in cooking. Several formulations were chosen specifically for food technologists, who will be able to manipulate them for large-scale use or as a starting point for novel industrial formulations. The book covers the most commonly used hydrocolloids, namely, agar–agar, alginates, carrageenan and furcellaran, cellulose derivatives, curdlan, egg proteins, galactomannans, gelatin, gellan gum, gum arabic, konjac mannan, pectin, starch, and xanthan gum. It also discusses combining multiple hydrocolloids to obtain novel characteristics. This volume serves to inspire cooking students and introduce food technologists to the many uses of hydrocolloids. It is written so that chefs, food engineers, food science students, and other professionals will be able to cull ideas from the recipes and gain an understanding of the capabilities of each hydrocolloid.

An Integrated Approach to New Food Product Development

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Author: Howard R. Moskowitz,I. Sam Saguy,Tim Straus

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420065558

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 503

View: 730

New products often fail not because they are bad products, but because they don't meet consumer expectations or are poorly marketed. In other cases, the marketing is spot on, but the product itself does not perform. These failures drive home the need to understand the market and the consumer in order to deliver a product which fulfills the two equally important goals of consumer trial and repeat purchase. The linkage of these issues is often compromised in the "innovate or die" world of corporate new products. An Integrated Approach to New Food Product Development explores this inter-relationship and the inter-relationship of the key disciplines essential for marketplace success. Proven Approaches from Industry Experts The book introduces The Success Equation based on the interrelationship of the key tasks critical to defining and executing for new product success. The sections that follow highlight the importance of every task and the impact of each disciplines’ contribution throughout the process in optimizing the success of the product. The book explores integration of all parts, from defining consumer needs and food concept to understanding the importance of positioning, packaging and trade, to the technology and manufacturing required to accurately meet these needs. The Success Equation encompasses the elements that not only dramatically increase a product’s success, but also make that success increasingly sustainable. Combines Solid Theory with Actual Marketing Practice The text blends academic, ivory tower research with the experiences of seasoned, real market practitioners, which when combined, provide the tools for successful new product innovation. The concise, hands-on information includes advanced and emerging innovations in management, marketing, technology, strategy, consumer research and sales. The integrated coverage provides a complete picture of the expertise and knowledge needed to leverage new product development into commercial success.

Gums and Stabilisers for the Food Industry 10

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Author: Peter A. Williams,Glyn O. Phillips

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780854048205

Category: Science

Page: 470

View: 2349

Bringing together scientists, producers and users of food hydrocolloids, this book presents the latest research findings in the field. Areas covered include polysaccharide characterisation and gelation, interactions in mixed biopolymer systems, the behaviour of polysaccharides in high solid systems and the influence of proteins on emulsification. Current topical issues such as market trends, genetic and enzymic modification are also discussed. Fulfilling an important need, this latest addition to a well-respected series will be welcomed by academics and industrialists alike.

Gums and Stabilisers for the Food Industry 12

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Author: Glyn O Phillips,Peter A Williams

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847551211

Category: Science

Page: 610

View: 2099

The latest volume in the successful Special Publication Series captures the most recent research findings in the field of food hydrocolloids. The impressive list of contributions from international experts includes topics such as: * Hydrocolloids as dietary fibre * The role of hydrocolloids in controlling the microstructure of foods * The characterisation of hydrocolloids * Rheological properties * The influence of hydrocolloids on emulsion stability * Low moisture systems * Applications of hydrocolloids in food products Gums and Stabilisers for the Food Industry 12, with its wide breadth of coverage, will be of great value to all who research, produce, process or use hydrocolloids, both in industry and academia.

The Complete Book on Gums and Stabilizers for Food Industry

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Author: H. Panda

Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.

ISBN: 8178331314

Category:

Page: 480

View: 1393

Gums are plant flours (like starch or arrowroot) that make foods & other products thick. Gums are used in foods for many reasons besides being used as a thickener. Gums are important ingredient in producing food emulsifier, food additive, food thickener & other gum products. The main reason for adding a gum or hydrocolloid to a food product is to improve its overall quality. India is the largest producer of gums specially guar gum products. Similarly stabilizers are an indispensable substance in food items when added to the food items, they smoothens uniform nature and hold the flavouring compounds in dispersion. Gum technology stabilizers are carefully controlled blends of various food ingredients. Most processed foods need some sort of stabilization at some point during production, transportation, storage and serving. The science and technology of hydrocolloids used in food and related systems has seen many new developments and advances over recent years. The breadth and depth of knowledge of gums and stabilizers has increased tremendously over the last two decades, with researchers in industry and academia collaborating to accelerate the growth. Gums as food constituents or as food additives can influence processing conditions in the following ways; retention of water, reduction of evaporation rates, alteration of freezing rates, modification of ice crystal formation and participation in chemical reactions. Some of the fundamentals of the book are functions of gum, typical food applications, gums in food suspensions, rheology and characters of gums, natural product exudates, flavor fixation, ice cream, ices and sherbets, gelation of low methoxyl pectin, seaweed extracts, microbial gums, transformation of collagen to gelatin, cellulose gums, dairy food applications, bakery product applications, analysis of hydrocolloids, gums in food products, general isolation of gums from foods, identification of gums in specific foods, group analysis and identification schemes, group identification methods, qualitative group analysis etc. This book contains rheology of gums, plant sheet gums, microbial gums, cellulose gums and synthetic hydrocolloids different stabilizers used in food industry. The book will be very resourceful to all its readers, new entrepreneurs, scientist, food technologist, food industries etc.

Polysaccharides in Food

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Author: J.M.V. Blanshard,J.R. Mitchell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483100103

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 8628

Polysaccharides in Food is a collection of papers that discusses concepts and advancements related to polysaccharides found in food products. The book is divided into five parts; Part I deals with topics such as the polysaccharides of the plant cell during growth; polysaccharide structure in solutions and gels; and the solvent interactions and solution behavior of carbohydrates. Part II covers the relationship of polysaccharides and enzymes and includes topics such as the enzymic degradation of starches; the hemicellulase group of enzymes; and pectic enzymes. Part III discusses the structure and physiochemical aspects of starch, as well as its use in food. Part IV tackles polysaccharides in food product development, and Part V deals with kinds of polysaccharides and the legislations concerning them. Part VI covers the importance of polysaccharides as the population's energy source as well as its health benefits. The text is recommended for food technicians, nutritionists, and organic chemists who would like to know more about the importance of polysaccharides in food and its future.

The Chemical Physics of Food

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Author: Peter Belton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405181524

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 3774

Chemical Physics of Food Edited by Peter Belton Based on the principle that food science requires the same rigour as the more traditional physical sciences, Professor Peter Belton has drawn together an international team of authors to demonstrate the chemical physics approach to food. Combining the applications of chemical and physical methods together with a clear quantitative consideration of data, The Chemical Physics of Food offers the food scientist and technologist: • Coverage of major materials, including starch and gluten • Consistent approach to the subject matter from a chemical physics viewpoint • An esteemed team of international Authors All those involved in research into food structure, including food scientists, food technologists, food chemists and physicists should find much of interest in this book which will also provide libraries in all universities, research establishments and food companies with a valuable reference for this important area. About the Editor Professor Peter Belton is based in the School of Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy at the University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK

Microbial Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

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Author: Vijai Kumar Gupta,Helen Treichel,Volha (Olga) Shapaval,Luiz Antonio de Oliveira,Maria G. Tuohy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119049016

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 5983

Showcases the recent advances in microbial functional food applications across food science, microbiology, biotechnology, and chemical engineering Microbial technology plays a key role in the improvement of biotechnology, cosmeceuticals, and biopharmaceutical applications. It has turned into a subject of expanding significance because new microbes and their related biomolecules are distinguished for their biological activity and health benefits. Encompassing both biotechnology and chemical engineering, Microbial Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals brings together microbiology, bacteria, and food processing/mechanization, which have applications for a variety of audiences. Pharmaceuticals, diagnostics, and medical device development all employ microbial food technology. The book addresses the recent advances in microbial functional foods and associated applications, providing an important reference work for graduates and researchers. It also provides up-to-date information on novel nutraceutical compounds and their mechanisms of action—catering to the needs of researchers and academics in food science and technology, microbiology, chemical engineering, and other disciplines who are dealing with microbial functional foods and related areas. Microbial Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals is: Ground-breaking: Includes the latest developments and research in the area of microbial functional foods and nutraceuticals Multidisciplinary: Applicable across food science and technology, microbiology, biotechnology, chemical engineering, and other important research fields Practical and academic: An important area of both academic research and new product development in the food and pharmaceutical industries Microbial Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals is an ideal resource of information for biologists, microbiologists, bioengineers, biochemists, biotechnologists, food technologists, enzymologists, and nutritionists.

Strategies for Obtaining Healthier Foods

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Author: José Manuel Lorenzo Rodríguez,Francisco Javier Carballo García

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781536121599

Category: Food

Page: 460

View: 9374

Consumers are increasingly demanding, looking for different food products, new, more shocking and surprising, and providing more pleasurable feelings. At the same time, consumers are becoming more informed and aware about food and health issues, demanding increasingly safe and healthy products. In such a scenario, the current food industry must maximize efforts to combine innovation, the ability to surprise, quality and safety. On the other hand, it is clear that there is no total overlap between the healthy aspects of food and the perception of this healthiness by consumers. In this sense, consumer information, education and awareness have to be important work areas in the future. This book aims to cover the modern strategies adopted by the food industry to obtain healthier foods without giving up the highest quality standards. The first two chapters are devoted to the novel systems of food hygienization; that is to say, the non-thermal technologies and phage therapy. The next two chapters cover the use of microbial cultures as bioprotective agents or with probiotic purposes in the food industry. Then, three chapters deal with the use of natural substances as preservatives, antioxidants, colorants, emulsifiers, sweeteners, anticaking agents, tenderizers, stabilizers, thickeners and gelling agents. The strategies for reducing some suspicious ingredients, or ingredients that arouse more misgivings in consumers (e.g. salt, fat, etc.), and minimally modifying the sensorial characteristics and consumer acceptability of the foods are also treated in several chapters. The use of microencapsulation, a promising technology for adding additives and ingredients to foods as well as the development of new healthy products are also described. Finally, the benefits and risks of consuming genetically modified food for the population and the technical aspects for producers are detailed in the last chapter. All of the contributors are active researchers, and they maintain excellent international reputations and great expertise in their respective areas. Overall, this book will be useful for graduates studying food science and technology, and for researchers, scientists, policy-makers and professionals from the food industries.

Molecular Gastronomy: Scientific Cuisine Demystified

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Author: Jose Sanchez

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 111880659X

Category: Cooking

Page: 320

View: 3846

Molecular Gastronomy: Scientific Cuisine Demystified aims to clarify and explain the fascinating world of molecular gastronomy. It offers the reader crucial knowledge of key ingredients and provides fundamental step-by-step techniques for application. It provides a foundation for experimenting with and, most importantly, understanding new and exciting ingredients and cooking techniques.

Handbook of Food Additives

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Author: Michael Ash,Irene Ash

Publisher: Synapse Information Resources Incorporated

ISBN: 9781890595364

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1079

View: 8100

This handbook has been extensively updated and describes more than 6,000 trade name additives and more than 3,000 generic chemical additives that are used in food products. The handbook also includes direct additives, intentionally added to food to affect its quality, and indirect additives, those additives that might be expected to become part of a food or as a result of production, processing, storage, or packaging. Additives are critical components of food preparation as they play an important role in increasing the flavor, texture, preservation, and value of food products as well as aiding in all aspects of food manufacture. Food regulations for the US, Europe (E numbers), and Japan are also included. Some of the food additives covered in this reference are: anticaking agents, antioxidants, fillers, flavors, emulsifiers, instantizing agents, nutrients, pH control agents, solvents, starch complexing agents, stiffening agents, suspending agents, sweeteners, tenderizers, texturizers, thickeners, etc. This reference is exhaustively cross-referenced by chemical component, function, application, CAS number, EINECS/ELINCS number, and FEMA number. More than 1,500 worldwide manufacturer

Food Hydrocolloids

Structures, Properties, and Functions

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Author: K. Nishinari,E. Doi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461524865

Category: Science

Page: 510

View: 2171

It is now well recognised that the texture of foods is an important factor when consumers select particular foods. Food hydrocolloids have been widely used for controlling in various food products their viscoelasticity, emulsification, gelation, dispersion, thickening and many other functions. An international journal, FOOD HYDROCOLLOIDS, launched in 1986 has published a number of stimulating papers, and established an active forum for promoting the interaction between academics and industrialists and for combining basic scientific research with industrial development. Although there have been various research groups in many food processing areas in Japan, such as fish paste (kamaboko, surimi), soybean curd (tofu), agar jelly dessert, kuzu starch jelly, kimizu (Japanese style mayonnaise), their activities have been conducted in isolation of one another. The interaction between the various research groups operating in the various sectors has been weak. Symposia on food hydrocolloids have been organised on several occasions in Japan since 1985. Professor Glyn O. Phillips, the Chief Executive Editor of FOOD HYDROCOLLOIDS, suggested to us that we should organise an international conference on food hydrocolloids. We discussed it on many occasions, and eventually decided to organise such a meeting, and extended the scope to include recent development in proteinaceous hydrocolloids, and their nutritional aspects, in addition to polysaccharides and emulsions.

Ensuring Global Food Safety

Exploring Global Harmonization

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Author: Christine Boisrobert,Aleksandra Stjepanovic,Sangsuk Oh,Huub Lelieveld

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080889306

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 8790

Taking into account toxicity levels at normal consumption levels, intake per kg bodyweight and other acknowledged considerations, each chapter in this book will be based on one or more proven examples. It is intended to provide specific examples and potential improvements to the safety of the world's food supply, while also increasing the amount of food available to those in undernourished countries. This book is designed to to provide science-based tools for improving legislation and regulation. Benefits: Reduce amount of food destroyed due to difference in regulations between nations Positively impact the time-to-market of new food products by recognizing benefit of "one rule that applies to all" Use the comparison of regulations and resulting consequences to make appropriate, fully-informed decisions Employ proven science to obtain global consensus for regulations Understand how to harmonize test protocols and analytical methods for accurate measurement and evaluation Take advantage of using a risk/benefit based approach rather than risk/avoidance to maximize regulatory decisions

Food Carbohydrate Chemistry

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Author: Ronald E. Wrolstad

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0813826659

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 240

View: 4139

Not since "Sugar Chemistry" by Shallenberger and Birch (1975) has a text clearly presented and applied basic carbohydrate chemistry to the quality attributes and functional properties of foods. Now in Food Carbohydrate Chemistry, author Wrolstad emphasizes the application of carbohydrate chemistry to understanding the chemistry, physical and functional properties of food carbohydrates. Structure and nomenclature of sugars and sugar derivatives are covered, focusing on those derivatives that exist naturally in foods or are used as food additives. Chemical reactions emphasize those that have an impact on food quality and occur under processing and storage conditions. Coverage includes: how chemical and physical properties of sugars and polysaccharides affect the functional properties of foods; taste properties and non-enzymic browning reactions; the nutritional roles of carbohydrates from a food chemist's perspective; basic principles, advantages, and limitations of selected carbohydrate analytical methods. An appendix includes descriptions of proven laboratory exercises and demonstrations. Applications are emphasized, and anecdotal examples and case studies are presented. Laboratory units, homework exercises, and lecture demonstrations are included in the appendix. In addition to a complete list of cited references, a listing of key references is included with brief annotations describing their important features. Students and professionals alike will benefit from this latest addition to the IFT Press book series. In Food Carbohydrate Chemistry, upper undergraduate and graduate students will find a clear explanation of how basic principles of carbohydrate chemistry can account for and predict functional properties such as sweetness, browning potential, and solubility properties. Professionals working in product development and technical sales will value Food Carbohydrate Chemistry as a needed resource to help them understand the functionality of carbohydrate ingredients. And persons in research and quality assurance will rely upon Food Carbohydrate Chemistry for understanding the principles of carbohydrate analytical methods and the physical and chemical properties of sugars and polysaccharides.

Practical Food Rheology

An Interpretive Approach

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Author: Ian T. Norton,Fotios Spyropoulos,Philip Cox

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391053

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 6891

Rheology is fundamentally important in food manufacturing in two major senses. Understanding the way in which a substance moves and behaves is essential in order to be able to transport and mix it during processing. Secondly, the rheology of a product dictates much of the consumer experience, e.g. in relation to texture and mouthfeel. This book doesn’t overwhelm the reader with complex mathematical equations but takes a simple and practically-focused approach, interpreting the implications of rheological data for use in different food systems. Through this approach industry-based food developers / rheologists, students, and academics are given clear, concise interpretation of rheological data which directly relates to actual perceived functionality in the food. The functionality may relate to texture, structure and mouthfeel, and may result as a function of temperature, pH, flocculation, concentration effects, and mixing. The interpretative view is based on the principle that the food rheologist will produce a graph, for example of viscosity or gelation profiling, and then have to extract a practical meaning from it. For example, if viscosity falls with time as a function of pH, this knowledge can be used to tell the customer that the viscosity can be followed with just a pH meter and a stopwatch. Rheological measurements have shown that once the pH has dropped 1 unit after 10 minutes, the viscosity has been halved. This is the type of practical and valuable information for customers of the industrial food rheologist which the book will enable readers to access. Key features: A uniquely practical approach to the often difficult science of food rheology Includes chapters introducing the basics of food rheology before moving on to how data can be usefully and easily interpreted by the food scientist Can be used as a teaching aid on academic or industry-based courses