Food Carbohydrate Chemistry

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Author: Ronald E. Wrolstad

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0813826659

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 240

View: 9317

Not since "Sugar Chemistry" by Shallenberger and Birch (1975) has a text clearly presented and applied basic carbohydrate chemistry to the quality attributes and functional properties of foods. Now in Food Carbohydrate Chemistry, author Wrolstad emphasizes the application of carbohydrate chemistry to understanding the chemistry, physical and functional properties of food carbohydrates. Structure and nomenclature of sugars and sugar derivatives are covered, focusing on those derivatives that exist naturally in foods or are used as food additives. Chemical reactions emphasize those that have an impact on food quality and occur under processing and storage conditions. Coverage includes: how chemical and physical properties of sugars and polysaccharides affect the functional properties of foods; taste properties and non-enzymic browning reactions; the nutritional roles of carbohydrates from a food chemist's perspective; basic principles, advantages, and limitations of selected carbohydrate analytical methods. An appendix includes descriptions of proven laboratory exercises and demonstrations. Applications are emphasized, and anecdotal examples and case studies are presented. Laboratory units, homework exercises, and lecture demonstrations are included in the appendix. In addition to a complete list of cited references, a listing of key references is included with brief annotations describing their important features. Students and professionals alike will benefit from this latest addition to the IFT Press book series. In Food Carbohydrate Chemistry, upper undergraduate and graduate students will find a clear explanation of how basic principles of carbohydrate chemistry can account for and predict functional properties such as sweetness, browning potential, and solubility properties. Professionals working in product development and technical sales will value Food Carbohydrate Chemistry as a needed resource to help them understand the functionality of carbohydrate ingredients. And persons in research and quality assurance will rely upon Food Carbohydrate Chemistry for understanding the principles of carbohydrate analytical methods and the physical and chemical properties of sugars and polysaccharides.

Food Carbohydrates

Chemistry, Physical Properties, and Applications

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Author: Steve W. Cui

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203485289

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 4987

Unique in its broad range of coverage, Food Carbohydrates: Chemistry, Physical Properties and Applications is a comprehensive, single-source reference on the science of food carbohydrates. This text goes beyond explaining the basics of food carbohydrates by emphasizing principles and techniques and their practical application in quality control, product development, and research. The editor incorporates information on analytical methods, the structural analysis of polysaccharides, physical properties, molecular conformation and characterization, and industrial applications of polysaccharide gums. The analytical methods and structural analysis of polysaccharides are rarely presented in books on food carbohydrates - topics this text fully illustrates. It also presents particulars on starch and starch modification, with a focus on reaction principles, improved functional properties, and practical applications. Food Carbohydrates: Chemistry, Physical Properties and Applications is the only known current reference to include basic chemistry, analytical methodologies, structural analysis, conformation and functional properties, and rheological and thermal properties of food carbohydrates all in one text. This book is ideal as a professional reference for researchers, engineers, and those interested in food carbohydrates, as well as a textbook for graduate students.

Carbohydrate Chemistry for Food Scientists

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Author: James N. BeMiller

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128134380

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 440

View: 8226

Carbohydrate Chemistry for Food Scientists, Third Edition, is a complete update of the critically acclaimed authoritative carbohydrate reference for food scientists. The new edition is fully revised, expanded and redesigned as an easy-to-read resource for students and professionals who need to understand this specialized area. The new edition provides practical information on the specific uses of carbohydrates, the functionalities delivered by specific carbohydrates, and the process for choosing carbohydrate ingredients for specific product applications. Readers will learn basic and specific applications of food carbohydrate organic and physical chemistry through clearly explained presentations of mono-, oligo-, and polysaccharides and their chemistry. This new edition includes expanded sections on Maillard browning reaction, dietary fiber, fat mimetics, and polyols, in addition to discussions of physical properties, imparted functionalities, and actual applications. It is an invaluable resource on the chemistry of food carbohydrates for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and a concise, user-friendly, applied reference book for food science professionals. Identifies structures and chemistry of all food carbohydrates – monosaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides Covers the behavior and functionality of carbohydrates within foods Contains extensive coverage of the structures and properties of individual polysaccharides, including cellulose, inulin, gellans and pectins, amongst others

Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry

Cumulative Subject and Author Indexes, and Tables of Contents

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080563138

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 1154

Since its inception in 1945, this serial has provided critical and integrating articles written by research specialists that integrate industrial, analytical, and technological aspects of biochemistry, organic chemistry, and instrumentation methodology in the study of carbohydrates. The articles provide a definitive interpretation of the current status and future trends in carbohydrate chemistry and biochemistry.

Essentials of Carbohydrate Chemistry

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Author: John F. Robyt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461216222

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 399

View: 1857

This is the first broad treatment of carbohydrate chemistry in many years, and presents the structures, reactions, modifications, and properties of carbohydrates. Woven throughout the text are discussions of biological properties of carbohydrates, their industrial applications, and the history of the field of carbohydrate chemistry. Written for students as well as practising scientists, this textbook and handy reference will be of interest to a wide range of disciplines: biochemistry, chemistry, food and nutrition, microbiology, pharmacology, and medicine.

Functional Food Carbohydrates

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Author: Costas G. Biliaderis,Marta S. Izydorczyk

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420003518

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 570

View: 7952

Historically, most of the research into carbohydrates as functional ingredients focused on the improvement of appearance, taste, mouth-feel, and stability. The growing interest in functional foods, however, is demanding a critical look at the beneficial nonnutritive effects of carbohydrates on human health. Furthermore, there is a need to establish definitive relations among the structure, physical property, and physiological function of these bioactive compounds. As more of the benefit and functional versatility of carbohydrates is revealed, it is clear that any future research and recommendation must be based on a solid synthesis of multidisciplinary findings including epidemiological, metabolic, and clinical nutritional data. Through clinical and epidemiological studies, Functional Food Carbohydrates addresses the specific classes of carbohydrates that seem to exert health-enhancing effects. The text begins with in-depth treatments of the chemistry, physical properties, processing technology, safety and health benefits of a variety of carbohydrates including cereal beta-glucans, microbial polysaccharides, chitosan, arabinoxylans, resistant starch, and other polysaccharides of plant origin. The authors then discuss the physiological and metabolic effects that a variety of carbohydrates have on specific chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, and various gastrointestinal disorders. The final chapters discuss the regulatory and technological aspects of using carbohydrates as functional foods. Specifically, the authors consider the safety and efficacy of pre-, pro-, and synbiotics, and the potential use of carbohydrates as delivery vehicles for other bioactive compounds. With contributions from experts specializing in food chemistry and technology, as well as human nutrition and physiology, this text illuminates the link between the behavior of carbohydrate compounds and their beneficial end-result on human health.

Global Food Security and Supply

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Author: Wayne Martindale

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118699297

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 6673

With the global population projected to reach 9 billion by theyear 2050, the need for nations to secure food supplies for theirpopulations has never been more pressing. Finding better supplychain solutions is an essential part of achieving a secure andsustainable diet for a rapidly increasing population. We are now ina position, through methods including life cycle assessment (LCA),carbon footprinting and other tools, to accurately measure andassess our use – or misuse – of natural resources,including food. The impact of new technologies and managementsystems can therefore improve efficiencies and find new ways toreduce waste. Global Food Security and Supply provides robust, succinctinformation for people who want to understand how the global foodsystem works. The book demonstrates the specific tools availablefor understanding how food supply works, addresses the challengesfacing a secure and safe global food supply, and helps readers toappreciate how these challenges might be overcome. This book is a concise and accessible text that focuses onrecent data and findings from a range of internationalcollaborations and studies. The author provides both asnapshot of global food supply and security today, and a projectionof where these issues may lead us in the future. This book willtherefore be of particular interest to food policy leaders,commercial managers in the food industry, and researchers andstudents seeking a better understanding of a rapidly evolvingtopic.

How Flavor Works

The Science of Taste and Aroma

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Author: Nak-Eon Choi,Jung H. Han

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118865456

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 2928

Taste is the number one driving force in the decision to purchase a food product and food consumption is the most critical function for living organisms to obtain the energy and resources essential to their vitality. Flavor and aroma are therefore universally important concepts: intrinsic to human well-being and pleasure, and of huge significance for the multi-trillion dollar global food business. How Flavor Works: the Science of Taste and Aroma offers a fascinating and accessible primer on the concepts of flavor science for all who have an interest in food and related topics. Professionals and students of food science and technology who do not already specialize in flavor science will find it a valuable reference on a topic crucial to how consumers perceive and enjoy food products. In this regard, it will also be of interest to product developers, marketers and food processors. Other readers with a professional (eg culinary and food service) or personal interest in food will also find the book interesting as it provides a user-friendly account of the mechanisms of flavor and aroma which will provide new insights into their craft.

Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Saccharides

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Author: Piotr Tomasik

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203495728

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 440

View: 9646

This fourth volume in the Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Components series focuses on saccharides as food constituents. Written by an international group of experts, it provides an up-to-date review of a wide spectrum of issues, focusing on the current research and literature on the properties of compounds, their mechanisms of action, and effects on the quality of foods. It also explores some non-nutritional applications of saccharides, including biodegradable materials and polysaccharide waste as a source of energy. This unique reference will serve as a valuable resource and guide for researchers, professionals, and graduate students.

Food Chemistry

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Author: H.-D. Belitz,Werner Grosch,Peter Schieberle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540699333

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1070

View: 9713

For more than two decades, this work has remained the leading advanced textbook and easy-to-use reference on food chemistry and technology. Its fourth edition has been extensively re-written and enlarged, now also covering topics such as BSE detection or acrylamide. Food allergies, alcoholic drinks, or phystosterols are now treated more extensively. Proven features of the prior editions are maintained: Contains more than 600 tables, almost 500 figures, and about 1100 structural formulae of food components - Logically organized according to food constituents and commodities - Comprehensive subject index. These features provide students and researchers in food science, food technology, agricultural chemistry and nutrition with in-depth insight into food chemistry and technology. They also make the book a valuable on-the-job reference for chemists, food chemists, food technologists, engineers, biochemists, nutritionists, and analytical chemists in food and agricultural research, food industry, nutrition, food control, and service laboratories. From reviews of the first edition "Few books on food chemistry treat the subject as exhaustively...researchers will find it to be a useful source of information. It is easy to read and the material is systematically presented." JACS

Resistant Starch

Sources, Applications and Health Benefits

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Author: Yong-Cheng Shi,Clodualdo C. Maningat

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118528751

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 9802

The discovery of resistant starch is considered one of the majordevelopments in our understanding of the importance ofcarbohydrates for health in the past twenty years. Resistantstarch, which is resistant to digestion and absorption in the humansmall intestine with complete or partial fermentation in the largeintestine, is naturally present in foods. Resistant Starch: Sources, Applications and Health Benefitscovers the intrinsic and extrinsic sources of resistant starch infoods, and compares different methods of measuring resistant starchand their strengths and limitations. Applications in different foodcategories are fully covered, with descriptions of how resistantstarch performs in bakery, dairy, snack, breakfast cereals, pasta,noodles, confectionery, meat, processed food and beverageproducts.

Carbohydrate Chemistry

A Review of the Literature Published During 1980. Macromolecules

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Author: John Frederick Kennedy,N.R. Williams

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0851861326

Category: Carbohydrates

Page: 542

View: 7005

Carbohydrate Chemistry, Biology and Medical Applications

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Author: Hari G. Garg,Mary K. Cowman,Charles A. Hales

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080558141

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 1692

The finding by Emil Fischer that glucose and fructose on treatment with phenylhydrazine gave the identical osazone led him to the elucidation of stereochemistry of carbohydrates. Since then, progress in the field of carbohydrates has been amazing with the unraveling their basic structure, biosynthesis, immunology, functions, and clinical uses, for pure carbohydrates and for protein-linked carbohydrates (glycoproteins and proteoglycans). The chapters in Carbohydrate Chemistry, Biology and Medical Applications present a logical sequence leading from the chemistry and biochemistry of carbohydrates, followed by their role in various pathological conditions, to carbohydrates as potential therapeutic and diagnostic agents. This book offers a detailed panoramic review of the chemistry and biology of carbohydrates for chemists, biologists and health professionals. Each chapter is authored by contributors expert in the particular area of research. Explains how carbohydrates are important to life Details the chemistry, biology and medical aspects of carbohydrates Interdisciplinary and international team of authors

Library of Congress Subject Headings

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Author: Library of Congress,Library of Congress. Office for Subject Cataloging Policy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Subject headings, Library of Congress

Page: N.A

View: 2018

Carbohydrate Chemistry

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Author: J. S. Brimacombe

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0851860729

Category: Reference

Page: 500

View: 5963

Carbohydrate Chemistry provides review coverage of all publications relevant to the chemistry of monosaccharides and oligosaccharides in a given year. The amount of research in this field appearing in the organic chemical literature is increasing because of the enhanced importance of the subject, especially in areas of medicinal chemistry and biology. In no part of the field is this more apparent than in the synthesis of oligosaccharides required by scientists working in glycobiology. Clycomedicinal chemistry and its reliance on carbohydrate synthesis is now very well established, for example, by the preparation of specific carbohydrate- based antigens, especially cancer-specific oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates. Coverage of topics such as nucleosides, amino-sugars, alditols and cyclitols also covers much research of relevance to biological and medicinal chemistry. Each volume of the series brings together references to all published work in given areas of the subject and serves as a comprehensive database for the active research chemist Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage in major areas of chemical research. Compiled by teams of leading authorities in the relevant subject areas, the series creates a unique service for the active research chemist, with regular, in-depth accounts of progress in particular fields of chemistry. Subject coverage within different volumes of a given title is similar and publication is on an annual or biennial basis.

Carbohydrate Chemistry—VII

VIth International Symposium on Carbohydrate Chemistry

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Author: W. M. Doane

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483155749

Category: Science

Page: 84

View: 9389

Carbohydrate Chemistry – VI (Madison 1972) covers the proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Carbohydrate Chemistry, held in Madison, USA on August 14-18, 1972. Chapter 1 focuses on the study of complex formation of sugar-metal complexes using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Chapter 2 describes the three types of reaction in the synthesis of fluoro sugars, namely, nucleophilic displacements with fluoride salts, epoxide cleavage, and glycal addition. Chapter 3 discusses the influence of pure, applied, and analytical research studies on the changes in carbohydrate marketing and industrial sugar production. Chapter 4 examines the biosynthesis of chondroitin sulfate, which exemplifies the formation of connective tissue polysaccharides. This chapter also considers the properties and substrate specificities of enzymes used in the biosynthesis. Chapter 5 explores the developments in cellulose and related polysaccharides found in plant cell walls. This book will be of great benefit to carbohydrate chemists and researchers.