Fixing Broken Windows

Restoring Order And Reducing Crime In Our Communities

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Author: George L. Kelling,Catherine M. Coles

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684837382

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 9256

Cites successful examples of community-based policing

Illusion of Order

The False Promise of Broken Windows Policing

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Author: Bernard E. Harcourt

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674038318

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 4380

This is the first book to challenge the "broken-windows" theory of crime, which argues that permitting minor misdemeanors, such as loitering and vagrancy, to go unpunished only encourages more serious crime. The theory has revolutionized policing in the United States and abroad, with its emphasis on policies that crack down on disorderly conduct and aggressively enforce misdemeanor laws. The problem, argues Bernard Harcourt, is that although the broken-windows theory has been around for nearly thirty years, it has never been empirically verified. Indeed, existing data suggest that it is false. Conceptually, it rests on unexamined categories of "law abiders" and "disorderly people" and of "order" and "disorder," which have no intrinsic reality, independent of the techniques of punishment that we implement in our society. How did the new order-maintenance approach to criminal justice--a theory without solid empirical support, a theory that is conceptually flawed and results in aggressive detentions of tens of thousands of our fellow citizens--come to be one of the leading criminal justice theories embraced by progressive reformers, policymakers, and academics throughout the world? This book explores the reasons why. It also presents a new, more thoughtful vision of criminal justice.

Broken Windows, Broken Business

How the Smallest Remedies Reap the Biggest Rewards

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Author: Michael Levine

Publisher: Grand Central Publishing

ISBN: 0446535583

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 800

Once every few years a book comes along with an insight so penetrating, so powerful - and so simply, demonstrably true -that it instantly changes the way we think and do business. Such a book is Broken Windows, Broken Business, a breakthrough in management theory that can alter the destiny of countless companies striving to stay ahead of their competition. "In this vital work, author Michael Levine offers compelling evidence that problems in business, large and small, typically stem from inattention to tiny details. Social psychologists and criminologists agree that if a window in a building is broken and left unrepaired, soon thereafter the rest of the windows will be broken - and the perception will build that crime in that neighborhood is out of control. The same principle applies to business." "Drawing on real-world corporate examples, from JetBlue's decision to give fliers what they really want - leather seats, personal televisions, online ticketing - to Google's customer-based strategy for breaking out of the pack of Internet search engines, to business-to-business firms' successes and failures, Levine proves again and again how constant vigilance and an obsession with detail can make or break a business or a brand." "With tips and advice on changing any business to one that dots its i's, crosses its t's, and attracts more clients, Broken Windows, Broken Business goes straight to the heart of what makes all enterprises successful - the little things that mean a lot."--BOOK JACKET.

Misdemeanorland

Criminal Courts and Social Control in an Age of Broken Windows Policing

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Author: Issa Kohler-Hausmann

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400890357

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 1585

An in-depth look at the consequences of New York City’s dramatically expanded policing of low-level offenses Felony conviction and mass incarceration attract considerable media attention these days, yet the most common criminal-justice encounters are for misdemeanors, not felonies, and the most common outcome is not prison. In the early 1990s, New York City launched an initiative under the banner of Broken Windows policing to dramatically expand enforcement against low-level offenses. Misdemeanorland is the first book to document the fates of the hundreds of thousands of people hauled into lower criminal courts as part of this policing experiment. Drawing on three years of fieldwork inside and outside of the courtroom, in-depth interviews, and analysis of trends in arrests and dispositions of misdemeanors going back three decades, Issa Kohler-Hausmann argues that lower courts have largely abandoned the adjudicative model of criminal law administration in which questions of factual guilt and legal punishment drive case outcomes. Due to the sheer volume of arrests, lower courts have adopted a managerial model--and the implications are troubling. Kohler-Hausmann shows how significant volumes of people are marked, tested, and subjected to surveillance and control even though about half the cases result in some form of legal dismissal. She describes in harrowing detail how the reach of America's penal state extends well beyond the shocking numbers of people incarcerated in prisons or stigmatized by a felony conviction. Revealing and innovative, Misdemeanorland shows how the lower reaches of our criminal justice system operate as a form of social control and surveillance, often without adjudicating cases or imposing formal punishment.

Broken Windows of the Soul

A Pastor and Christian Psychologist Discuss Sexual Sins and the Prescription to Heal Them

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Author: Arnold R. Fleagle, DMin,Donald A. Lichi, PhD

Publisher: Moody Publishers

ISBN: 1600662943

Category: Religion

Page: 136

View: 2105

Broken Windows of the Soul: The "Broken Windows Theory" suggests that a community can reduce crime and maintain social order when small problems are fixed promptly. Alternatively, minor vandalism (such as broken windows) left unrepaired, sends the message that no one cares-inviting more serious crimes. Fleagle and Lichi have applied this theory to the problem of sexual temptation and moral failure. Broken Windows of the Soul reveals the destructive nature of infidelity, sexual perversion and pornography and its effect on the culture and the church. Unless the cracks are quickly repaired, more "broken windows of the soul" are soon to follow. Fleagle and Lichi teach the regular practice of spiritual disciplines to transform the heart and experience deep character change. Each chapter includes questions for individual or group study.

Disorder and Decline

Crime and the Spiral of Decay in American Neighborhoods

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Author: Wesley G. Skogan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520076938

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 8972

"Crime, disorder, and decay symbolize the decline of America's inner cities. Skogan's book is theoretically acute, methodologically sophisticated, and politically astute. It should be required reading for every urban sociologist, policy planner, and public official."--Jerome H. Skolnick, University of California, Berkeley "Panhandling, graffiti, prostitution, abandoned cars and buildings, and junk-filled lots are evidence of neighborhood disorder and decline. In this absorbing and valuable study, Skogan discusses the implications of disorder and skillfully analyzes experimental efforts undertaken to confront it in several American cities."--Gilbert Geis, University of California, Irvine "This timely book not only documents the relationship between disorder and neighborhood decline, but provides a cogent analysis of the currently favored solutions to problems such as community policing and citizen self-help."--Dr. Thomas A. Reppetto, President, Citizens Crime Commission of New York City

Broken Buildings, Busted Budgets

How to Fix America's Trillion-Dollar Construction Industry

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Author: Barry B. LePatner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226472698

Category: Architecture

Page: 229

View: 3385

Addressing the out-of-control delays and cost overruns of construction projects across the nation, prominent construction attorney LePatner builds a powerful case for change in an industry that consumes $1.23 trillion and wastes at least $120 billion each year.

Fixing Broken Cities

The Implementation of Urban Development Strategies

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Author: John Kromer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113596713X

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 2940

Through the insightful lens of an experienced practitioner, this book describes the origin, execution, and impact of urban repopulation strategies—initiatives designed to attract residents, businesses, jobs, shoppers, and visitors to places that had undergone decades of decline and abandonment. The central question throughout the strategies explored in the book is who should benefit? Who should benefit from the allocation of scarce public capital? Who should enjoy the social benefits of urban development? And who will populate redeveloped areas? Kromer provides realistic guidance about how to move forward with strategic choices that have to be made in pursuing the best opportunities available within highly disadvantaged, resource-starved urban areas. Each of the cases presents strategies that are strongly influenced by geography, economics, politics, and individual leadership, but they address key issues that are major concerns everywhere: enlivening downtowns, stabilizing and strengthening neighborhoods, eliminating industrial-age blight, and providing quality public education options.

Broken Windows of the Soul

A Pastor and Christian Psychologist Discuss Sexual Sins and the Prescription to Heal Them

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Author: Arnold R. Fleagle, DMin,Donald A. Lichi, PhD

Publisher: Moody Publishers

ISBN: 1600662943

Category: Religion

Page: 136

View: 2942

Broken Windows of the Soul: The "Broken Windows Theory" suggests that a community can reduce crime and maintain social order when small problems are fixed promptly. Alternatively, minor vandalism (such as broken windows) left unrepaired, sends the message that no one cares-inviting more serious crimes. Fleagle and Lichi have applied this theory to the problem of sexual temptation and moral failure. Broken Windows of the Soul reveals the destructive nature of infidelity, sexual perversion and pornography and its effect on the culture and the church. Unless the cracks are quickly repaired, more "broken windows of the soul" are soon to follow. Fleagle and Lichi teach the regular practice of spiritual disciplines to transform the heart and experience deep character change. Each chapter includes questions for individual or group study.

The Pragmatic Programmer

From Journeyman to Master

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Author: Andrew Hunt,David Thomas

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 013211917X

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 3977

What others in the trenches say about The Pragmatic Programmer... “The cool thing about this book is that it’s great for keeping the programming process fresh. The book helps you to continue to grow and clearly comes from people who have been there.” —Kent Beck, author of Extreme Programming Explained: Embrace Change “I found this book to be a great mix of solid advice and wonderful analogies!” —Martin Fowler, author of Refactoring and UML Distilled “I would buy a copy, read it twice, then tell all my colleagues to run out and grab a copy. This is a book I would never loan because I would worry about it being lost.” —Kevin Ruland, Management Science, MSG-Logistics “The wisdom and practical experience of the authors is obvious. The topics presented are relevant and useful.... By far its greatest strength for me has been the outstanding analogies—tracer bullets, broken windows, and the fabulous helicopter-based explanation of the need for orthogonality, especially in a crisis situation. I have little doubt that this book will eventually become an excellent source of useful information for journeymen programmers and expert mentors alike.” —John Lakos, author of Large-Scale C++ Software Design “This is the sort of book I will buy a dozen copies of when it comes out so I can give it to my clients.” —Eric Vought, Software Engineer “Most modern books on software development fail to cover the basics of what makes a great software developer, instead spending their time on syntax or technology where in reality the greatest leverage possible for any software team is in having talented developers who really know their craft well. An excellent book.” —Pete McBreen, Independent Consultant “Since reading this book, I have implemented many of the practical suggestions and tips it contains. Across the board, they have saved my company time and money while helping me get my job done quicker! This should be a desktop reference for everyone who works with code for a living.” —Jared Richardson, Senior Software Developer, iRenaissance, Inc. “I would like to see this issued to every new employee at my company....” —Chris Cleeland, Senior Software Engineer, Object Computing, Inc. “If I’m putting together a project, it’s the authors of this book that I want. . . . And failing that I’d settle for people who’ve read their book.” —Ward Cunningham Straight from the programming trenches, The Pragmatic Programmer cuts through the increasing specialization and technicalities of modern software development to examine the core process--taking a requirement and producing working, maintainable code that delights its users. It covers topics ranging from personal responsibility and career development to architectural techniques for keeping your code flexible and easy to adapt and reuse. Read this book, and you'll learn how to Fight software rot; Avoid the trap of duplicating knowledge; Write flexible, dynamic, and adaptable code; Avoid programming by coincidence; Bullet-proof your code with contracts, assertions, and exceptions; Capture real requirements; Test ruthlessly and effectively; Delight your users; Build teams of pragmatic programmers; and Make your developments more precise with automation. Written as a series of self-contained sections and filled with entertaining anecdotes, thoughtful examples, and interesting analogies, The Pragmatic Programmer illustrates the best practices and major pitfalls of many different aspects of software development. Whether you're a new coder, an experienced programmer, or a manager responsible for software projects, use these lessons daily, and you'll quickly see improvements in personal productivity, accuracy, and job satisfaction. You'll learn skills and develop habits and attitudes that form the foundation for long-term success in your career. You'll become a Pragmatic Programmer.

Zero Tolerance Policing

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Author: Maurice Punch

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781847420558

Category: Political Science

Page: 53

View: 6932

What is policing about and who defines it? This book examines these key issues by exploring the notion of zero tolerance and its application in different settings. Following its introduction in New York, and the seemingly dramatic reduction in crime, zero tolerance policing was taken up in a number of other countries, including the UK and the Netherlands. This book examines that process. It argues that this policy was, in fact, nothing more than a return to old-style, crime control policing. While it did foster the swift analysis of crime patterns and more assertive policing of public places, it could lean towards repression and demonising of certain groups. Examining the EEE Examining the EEEExamining the negative response of leading police officers and the policy's debatable impact on crime, the author concludes that zero tolerance in the UK and Netherlands was more of a populist political and media creation than a coherent policy. This book is far more than an authoritative analysis of zero tolerance. It is a valuable source for entering the debate about the big picture in policing which many stakeholders now wish to see. The approachable style of this book makes it ideal for students, academics, police practitioners and the lay reader to enter that debate.

101 Uses of Duct Tape - Even Duct tape can't fix stupid But it can muffle the sound!

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Author: Muhammad Naveed,John Davidson

Publisher: Mendon Cottage Books

ISBN: 1310085692

Category: Reference

Page: 43

View: 3839

Table of Contents Introduction Babysitting Your Little Sister Replacement of Shoe Laces Secure Your Car Keys Hanging Pictures Can Be Used As a Bookmark As A Vinyl Patch Fix a Car Light Duct Tape as an Art Medium Holding Wigs in Place Patching Shoes Can Be Used As a Waist Band or Belt Patching Up a Pool Puncture Holding the Bumper in Place Fixing Books As a Line Marker Muting a Person Makeshift Money Wallet Tying Hands Together Repairing Spilt Soles in Shoes As a Bumper Sticker Clothing Line Bicycle Streamers Utility Pockets Costume for Halloween or a Fancy Dress Party Repairing Hoses Sticking Stuff on Lockers Biore Strip Locking the Door Seat Cover Repairs Sticking Up of Basketball Hoop Tent Holes Repair Fixing Blinds Muzzle Waterproof Protection Repairing A PVC Pipe De-Cluttering Wires As A Bandage Repairing Door Hinges Repairing Holes in Clothing Fixing a Vacuum Cleaner Sticking Boots with Skis Repairing Work Gloves Wristband Cd Case Repairing Broken Windows Realistic Props Mouse Trap Make a Wallet Chain Sticking a Guitar Strap Headband Suspenders Broken Leg Sealing Snack Bags Repairing of Ski Gloves Repair a Boat or Canoe Spike and Cleats Keeping the Car Door Closed Fly Catcher Creating Vinyl Floors Small Patch for Fish Tanks Gift Wrapping Blister Repairs Writing on Vehicles Holding In a Battery Tool Belts Covering a Book Use It As a Rope Securing Vehicle Bumper Hold Pens and Pencils Together Napkin Rings Window Covering Reaching Small Objects Picture Framing Making a Hat Repairing Car Trims Repairing Furniture or Upholstery Lint Removal Repair Small Toys Velcro Replacement Repairing Holes in a Convertible Roof Broken Kitchen Bowls Laptop Protector for Laptop Purse Strap Repairing Socks Making a Ball Toilet Seat Repairs Repairing of a Shower Curtain Piñata Duct Joints Repairing File Covers Mend a Carpet Fixing Broken Decoration Pieces Holding Up Socks Create Disk Labels Sealing Letters and Envelopes Make a Leash Making Footwear Waterproof Wire Taping Repairing Tires and Tubes Lighting Broken Mirrors Shutting Up Your Mother-In-Law Author Bio Publisher Introduction A very commonly used adhesive or sticky medium used for several purposes is called duct tape. It is often referred to as duck-tape as well. In many instances, this tape is coated with polyethylene material and has a cloth or scrim backing. Duct tape is easily available in the market at very cheap rates. There are various duct tape varieties that you can choose from. It is mostly available in grey and black shades but other colors can also be made to order. It is a multipurpose tool that can come handy in many different types of situations and scenarios.

Broken Windows, Broken Business

How the Smallest Remedies Reap the Biggest Rewards

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Author: Michael Levine

Publisher: Grand Central Publishing

ISBN: 0446535583

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 9600

Once every few years a book comes along with an insight so penetrating, so powerful - and so simply, demonstrably true -that it instantly changes the way we think and do business. Such a book is Broken Windows, Broken Business, a breakthrough in management theory that can alter the destiny of countless companies striving to stay ahead of their competition. "In this vital work, author Michael Levine offers compelling evidence that problems in business, large and small, typically stem from inattention to tiny details. Social psychologists and criminologists agree that if a window in a building is broken and left unrepaired, soon thereafter the rest of the windows will be broken - and the perception will build that crime in that neighborhood is out of control. The same principle applies to business." "Drawing on real-world corporate examples, from JetBlue's decision to give fliers what they really want - leather seats, personal televisions, online ticketing - to Google's customer-based strategy for breaking out of the pack of Internet search engines, to business-to-business firms' successes and failures, Levine proves again and again how constant vigilance and an obsession with detail can make or break a business or a brand." "With tips and advice on changing any business to one that dots its i's, crosses its t's, and attracts more clients, Broken Windows, Broken Business goes straight to the heart of what makes all enterprises successful - the little things that mean a lot."--BOOK JACKET.

The Turnaround

How America's Top Cop Reversed the Crime Epidemic

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Author: William Bratton,Peter Knobler

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0307560848

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 368

View: 8762

When Bill Bratton was sworn in as New York City's police commissioner in 1994, he made what many considered a bold promise: The NYPD would fight crime in every borough...and win. It seemed foolhardy; even everybody knows you can't win the war on crime. But Bratton delivered. In an extraordinary twenty-seven months, serious crime in New York City went down by 33 percent, the murder rate was cut in half--and Bill Bratton was heralded as the most charismatic and respected law enforcement official in America.. In this outspoken account of his news-making career, Bratton reveals how his cutting-edge policing strategies brought about the historic reduction in crime. Bratton's success made national news and landed him on the cover of Time. It also landed him in political hot water. Bratton earned such positive press that before he'd completed his first week on the job, the administration of New York's media-hungry mayor Rudolph Giuliani, threatened to fire him. Bratton gives a vivid, behind-the-scenes look at the sizzle and substance, and he pulls no punches describing the personalities who really run the city. Bratton grew up in a working-class Boston neighborhood, always dreaming of being a cop. As a young officer under Robert di Grazia, Boston's progressive police commissioner, he got a ground-level view of real police reform and also saw what happens when an outspoken, dynamic, reform-minded police commissioner starts to outshine an ambitious mayor. He was soon in the forefront of the community policing movement and a rising star in the profession. Bratton had turned around four major police departments when he accepted the number one police job in America. When Bratton arrived at the NYPD, New York's Finest were almost hiding; they had given up on preventing crime and were trying only to respond to it. Narcotics, Vice, Auto Theft, and the Gun Squads all worked banker's hours while the competition--the bad guys--worked around the clock. Bratton changed that. He brought talent to the top and instilled pride in the force; he listened to the people in the neighborhoods and to the cops on the street. Bratton and his "dream team" created Compstat, a combination of computer statistics analysis and an unwavering demand for accountability. Cops were called on the carpet, and crime began to drop. With Bratton on the job, New York City was turned around. Today, New York's plummeting crime rate and improved quality of life remain a national success story. Bratton is directly responsible, and his strategies are being studied and implemented by police forces across the country and around the world. In Turnaround, Bratton shows how the war on crime can be won once and for all. From the Hardcover edition.

Crime, Disorder and Community Safety

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Author: Roger Matthews,John Pitts

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134547579

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 9099

This book provides an analytic overview and assessment of the changing nature of crime prevention, disorder and community safety in contemporary society. Bringing together nine original articles from leading national and international authorities on these issues, the book examines recent developments in relation to a number of specific groups - the disadvantaged, the socially excluded, youth, women and ethnic minorities. Topics covered include: * the increase in local authority responsibility for crime control and community safety * the development of inter-agency alliances * the changing nature of policing * the passing of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998.

The Broken Window

A Lincoln Rhyme Novel

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Author: Jeffery Deaver

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416549978

Category: Fiction

Page: 417

View: 6903

Chasing down a vicious serial killer who complicates his crimes by leaving behind iron-clan evidence implicating innocent people, Lincoln Rhyme and Amelia Sachs reluctantly team up for the investigation only to find themselves rendered the killer's next targets. By the author of The Cold Moon. 300,000 first printing.

Dare to Repair

A Do-it-Herself Guide to Fixing (Almost) Anything in the Home

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Author: Julie Sussman,Stephanie Glakas-Tenet

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0060959843

Category: House & Home

Page: 272

View: 603

This is NOT your father's home repair book! And it's not your husband's, your brother's, your boyfriend's, or the guy's next door. Dare to Repair is a do-it-herself book for every woman who would rather be self-reliant than rely on a super or contractor. No matter the depth of your pockets or the size of your home, a toilet will get clogged, a circuit breaker will trip, and a smoke detector will stop working. It's up to you how you'll deal with them -- live in denial, pay the piper, or get real and do it yourself. Dare to Repair demystifies these home repairs by providing information that other books leave out. In Dare to Repair, you'll learn how to: Take the plunge -- from fixing a leaky faucet to cleaning the gutters. Lighten up -- from removing a broken light bulb to installing a dimmer switch. Keep your cool -- from maintaining a refrigerator's gasket to changing the rotation of a ceiling fan. Get a handle on it -- from replacing a doorknob to repairing a broken window. Play it safe -- from planning a fire escape route to installing a smoke detector. Filled with detailed illustrations, Dare to Repair provides even the most repair-challenged woman with the ability to successfully fix things around the home. Once you start, you won't want to stop.