Fish Cognition and Behavior

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Author: Culum Brown,Kevin Laland,Jens Krause

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470996048

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 1878

The study of animal cognition has been largely confined to birds and mammals; a historical bias which has led to the belief that learning plays little or no part in the development of behaviour in fishes and reptiles. Research in recent decades has begun to redress this misconception and it is now recognised that fishes exhibit a rich array of sophisticated behaviour with impressive learning capabilities entirely comparable with those of mammals and other terrestrial animals. In this fascinating book an international team of experts have been brought together to explore all major areas of fish learning, including: foraging skills Predator recognition Social organisation and learning Welfare and pain Fish Cognition and Behavior is an important contribution to all fish biologists and ethologists and contains much information of commercial importance for fisheries managers and aquaculture personnel. Libraries in universities and research establishments will find it an important addition to their shelves.

Hormones, Brain and Behavior

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128036087

Category: Medical

Page: 2474

View: 9851

Hormones, Brain and Behavior, Third Edition offers a state-of-the-art overview of hormonally-mediated behaviors, including an extensive discussion of the effects of hormones on insects, fish, amphibians, birds, rodents, and humans. Entries have been carefully designed to provide a valuable source of information for students and researchers in neuroendocrinology and those working in related areas, such as biology, psychology, psychiatry, and neurology. This third edition has been substantially restructured to include both foundational information and recent developments in the field. Continuing the emphasis on interdisciplinary research and practical applications, the book includes articles aligned in five main subject sections, with new chapters included on genetic and genomic techniques and clinical investigations. This reference provides unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics. The topics cover an unusual breadth (from molecules to ecophysiology), ranging from basic science to clinical research, making this reference of interest to a broad range of scientists in a variety of fields. Comprehensive and updated coverage of a rapidly growing field of research Unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics Covers an unusual breadth of topics and subject fields, ranging from molecules to ecophysiology, and from basic science to clinical research Ideal resource for interdisciplinary learning and understanding in the fields of hormones and behavior

Ecological Connectivity among Tropical Coastal Ecosystems

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Author: Ivan Nagelkerken

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048124069

Category: Science

Page: 615

View: 9391

Mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and coral reefs are circumtropical ecosystems that are highly productive, and provide many important biological functions and economic services. These ecosystems cover large surface areas in the shallow tropical coastal seascape but have suffered from serious human degradation, especially in the last few decades. Part of their diversity, productivity, and functioning seems to be based on their juxtaposition. Especially in the last decade significant advances have been made on new insights into their ecological connectivity. This authoritative book provides a first-time comprehensive review of the major ecological interactions across tropical marine ecosystems that result from the mutual exchange of nutrients, organic matter, fish, and crustaceans. A group of leading authors from around the world reviews the patterns and underlying mechanisms of important biogeochemical and biological linkages among tropical coastal ecosystems in 15 chapters. Included are chapters that review cutting-edge tools to study and quantify these linkages, the importance of such linkages for fisheries, and how tropical ecosystems should be conserved and managed for sustainable use by future generations. The book uses examples from all over the world and provides an up-to-date review of the latest published literature. This book is a ‘must read’ for professionals working on the conservation, management, and ecology of mangrove, seagrass and coral reef ecosystems.

Guided Self-Organization: Inception

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Author: Mikhail Prokopenko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642537340

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 475

View: 4667

Is it possible to guide the process of self-organisation towards specific patterns and outcomes? Wouldn’t this be self-contradictory? After all, a self-organising process assumes a transition into a more organised form, or towards a more structured functionality, in the absence of centralised control. Then how can we place the guiding elements so that they do not override rich choices potentially discoverable by an uncontrolled process? This book presents different approaches to resolving this paradox. In doing so, the presented studies address a broad range of phenomena, ranging from autopoietic systems to morphological computation, and from small-world networks to information cascades in swarms. A large variety of methods is employed, from spontaneous symmetry breaking to information dynamics to evolutionary algorithms, creating a rich spectrum reflecting this emerging field. Demonstrating several foundational theories and frameworks, as well as innovative practical implementations, Guided Self-Organisation: Inception, will be an invaluable tool for advanced students and researchers in a multiplicity of fields across computer science, physics and biology, including information theory, robotics, dynamical systems, graph theory, artificial life, multi-agent systems, theory of computation and machine learning.

Flatfishes

Biology and Exploitation

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Author: Robin N. Gibson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 140514338X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 7562

Fascinating and instantly recognisable, flatfishes are unique in their asymmetric postlarval body form. With over 700 extant species recognised and a distribution stretching across the globe this group of fishes are of considerable research interest and provide a major contribution to recreational and commercial fisheries, and to aquaculture, worldwide. Flatfishes: Biology and exploitation is the only comprehensive and current book in the field and responds to the economic importance and growing body of research to produce an invaluable addition to the Fish and Aquatic Resources Series providing: Outlines of systematics, distribution, reproduction, recruitment, ecology and behaviour Descriptions of the major fisheries and their management Full coverage of recent advances in aquaculture and stock enhancement This book is essential reading for fish biologists; fisheries scientists; marine biologists; ecologists and environmental scientists; aquaculture personnel and government workers in fisheries and fish and wildlife departments. It should be found in all libraries of research establishments and universities where biology, fish biology, fisheries, aquaculture, marine sciences, oceanography, ecology and environmental sciences are studied or taught.

Handbuch der Zoologie

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Author: Franz Hermann Troschel

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3846078670

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 7411

Franz Hermann Troschel (1810-1882) war ein deutscher Zoologe. Nachdruck des Originals von 1871.

Sharks of the Open Ocean

Biology, Fisheries and Conservation

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Author: Merry D. Camhi,Ellen K. Pikitch,Elizabeth A. Babcock

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780632059959

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 8259

This important and exciting title represents the first authoritative volume focussed on pelagic (open ocean) sharks as a group. Virtually every pelagic shark expert in the world has contributed to this landmark publication which includes the latest data and knowledge on pelagic shark biology, fisheries, management, and conservation. Pelagic sharks face unprecedented levels of exploitation in all the world's oceans through both direct fisheries and by-catch, and effective management for these species is contingent upon solid science and data, which this book brings together for the first time. All those involved in shark biology will need to have a copy of this book.

Making Climate Forecasts Matter

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on the Human Dimensions of Seasonal-to-Interannual Climate Variability

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030917340X

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 7539

El Nino has been with us for centuries, but now we can forcast it, and thus can prepare far in advance for the extreme climatic events it brings. The emerging ability to forecast climate may be of tremendous value to humanity if we learn how to use the information well. How does society cope with seasonal-to-interannual climatic variations? How have climate forecasts been used--and how useful have they been? What kinds of forecast information are needed? Who is likely to benefit from forecasting skill? What are the benefits of better forecasting? This book reviews what we know about these and other questions and identifies research directions toward more useful seasonal-to-interannual climate forecasts. In approaching their recommendations, the panel explores: Vulnerability of human activities to climate. State of the science of climate forecasting. How societies coevolved with their climates and cope with variations in climate. How climate information should be disseminated to achieve the best response. How we can use forecasting to better manage the human consequences of climate change.

Exotic Animal Training and Learning, An Issue of Veterinary Clinics: Exotic Animal Practice

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Author: Barbara Heidenreich

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455747955

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 3102

The latest information on training and behavior of exotic pet animals for the exotic animal veterinarian. Topics to be covered include the application of science based training technology, a framework for solving behavior problems, training avian patients and their caregivers, trained falconry birds and veterinary medicine: preserving the client/veterinarian relationship, technicians and animal training, small mammal training in the veterinary practice, training reptiles and amphibians for medical and husbandry, training fish and invertebrates for husbandry and medical behaviors, marine mammal training, training birds and small mammals for medical behaviors, and more.

Der Reichtum der Dritten Welt

Armut bekämpfen, Wohlstand fördern, Würde bewahren

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Author: Coimbatore K. Prahalad

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783898791465

Category:

Page: 525

View: 9130

Milliarden von Menschen in Armut besitzen zusammen genommen eine enorme Kaufkraft. Doch diese wird von der internationalen Wirtschaft bis dato missachtet. Ein schwerwiegender Fehler in den Augen von C.K. Prahalad. Der renommierte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und erfolgreiche Unternehmer stellt in seinem Buch erprobte und getestete Geschäftsmodelle vor, mit denen die Armut bezwungen werden kann - und macht deutlich, wie westliche Unternehmen neue und profitable Wege beschreiten können. Prahalad zeigt in seinem Werk eine einmalige Win/Win-Situation auf, in der sowohl die Privatwirtschaft als auch die Entwicklungsländer gewinnen können. Prahalads Perspektiven eröffnen dem Leser einen vollkommen neuen Blickwinkel für die kontroverse Thematik der Globalisierung. - Eine Fülle an praktischen Beispielen und Geschäftsideen - Das Buch zur Globalisierungsdebatte - Die Ära eines neuen Kapitalismus beginnt - Business-Buch des Jahres in den USA

Public Places and Spaces

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Author: Irwin Altman,Erwin H. Zube

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468456016

Category: Psychology

Page: 334

View: 1174

This tenth volume in the series addresses an important topic of research, de sign, and policy in the environment and behavior field. Public places and spaces include a sweeping array of settings, including urban streets, plazas and squares, malls, parks, and other locales, and natural settings such as aquatic environments, national parks and forests, and wilderness areas. The impor tance of public settings is highlighted by difficult questions of access, control, and management; unique needs and problems of different users (including women, the handicapped, and various ethnic groups); and the dramatic re shaping of our public environments that has occurred and will continue to occur in the foreseeable future. The wide-ranging scope of the topic of public places and spaces demands the attention of many disciplines and researchers, designers, managers, and policymakers. As in previous volumes in the series, the authors in the present volume come from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, research and design orientations, and affiliations. They have backgrounds in or are affiliated with such fields as architecture, geography, landscape architecture, natural re sources, psychology, sociology, and urban design. Many more disciplines ob viously contribute to our understanding and design of public places and spaces, so that the contributors to this volume reflect only a sample of the possibilities and present state of knowledge about public settings.

Setting the scene

Creating Successful Environments for Babies and Young Children

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Author: Sally Featherstone

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1408193922

Category: Education

Page: 126

View: 4502

This book explores the importance of the environment in the Early Years and its effect on learning and emotional development. It provides examples of excellent settings for learning as well as lots of ideas for organisation, planning, displays and making changes. It will inspire practitioners with its full colour photos and practical, easy to follow activities!

The Omnivorous Mind

Our Evolving Relationship with Food

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Author: John S. Allen

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674069870

Category: Science

Page: 327

View: 833

In this gustatory tour of human history, Allen suggests that the everyday activity of eating offers deep insights into our cultural and biological heritage. Beginning with the diets of our earliest ancestors, he explores eating’s role in our evolving brain before considering our contemporary dinner plates and the preoccupations of foodies.

Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine

Diseases of the Fetus and Infant

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Author: Richard J. Martin,Avroy A. Fanaroff,Michele C. Walsh

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323295371

Category: Medical

Page: 1936

View: 1506

Tackle your toughest challenges and improve the quality of life and long-term outcomes of your patients with authoritative guidance from Fanaroff and Martin s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. Drs. Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, and Michele C. Walsh and a contributing team of leading experts in the field deliver a multi-disciplinary approach to the management and evidence-based treatment of problems in the mother, fetus and neonate. New chapters, expanded and updated coverage, increased worldwide perspectives, and many new contributors keep you current on the late preterm infant, the fetal origins of adult disease, neonatal anemia, genetic disorders, and more. "...a valuable reference book and a pleasure to read." Reviewed by BACCH Newsletter, Mar 2015 Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Be certain with expert, dependable, accurate answers for every stage of your career from the most comprehensive, multi-disciplinary text in the field! See nuance and detail in full-color illustrations that depict disorders in the clinical setting and explain complex information. Obtain more global perspectives and best practices with contributions from international leaders in the field of neonatal-perinatal medicine. Get comprehensive guidance on treating patients through a dual focus on neonatology and perinatology. Spot genetic problems early and advise parents of concerns, with a completely new section on this topic. Make informed clinical choices for each patient, from diagnosis and treatment selection through post-treatment strategies and management of complications, with new evidence-based criteria throughout. Stay at the forefront of your field thanks to new and completely revised chapters covering topics such as: Principles and Practice l Immune and Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis l Amniotic Fluid Volume l Enhancing Safe Prescribing in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit l Role of Imaging in Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of High-Risk Neonates l Patent Ductus Arteriosus l Gastroesophageal Reflux and Gastroesophageal Reflux Diseases in the Neonate. Find and grasp the information you need easily and rapidly with indexing that provides quick access to specific guidance.

Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, Professional Edition E-Book

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Author: Vinay Kumar,Abul K. Abbas,Nelson Fausto,Jon C. Aster

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437721826

Category: Medical

Page: 1464

View: 7030

One of the best-selling medical textbooks of all time, Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease is the one book you likely purchased as a medical student that still provides answers now that you're in practice. The new PROFESSIONAL EDITION is the same "who's who" of pathology experts that delivers the most dependable, current, and complete coverage of today's essential pathology knowledge, now enhanced with PERKS DESIGNED SPECIALLY FOR YOU AS A PRACTITIONER. Masterful editing and a practical organization make learning or reinforcing every concept remarkably easy. The result remains the ideal source for an optimal understanding of pathology at its core. Offers the most authoritative and comprehensive, yet readable coverage available in any pathology textbook, making it ideal for USMLE or specialty board preparation as well as for course work

Behavior and the Natural Environment

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Author: Irwin Altman,Joachim F. Wohlwill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461335396

Category: Psychology

Page: 346

View: 3393

The theme of the present volume concerns people' s response to the natural environment, considered at scales varying from that of a house hold plant to that of vast wilderness areas. Our decision to focus on this particular segment of the physical environment was prompted in part by the intrinsic interest in this subject on the part of a diverse group of sodal scientists and professionals-and of laypersons, for that matter and in part by the relative neglect of this topic in standard treatments of the environment-behavior field. It also serves to bring out once again the interdisdplinary nature of that field, and we are pleased to have been able to inc1ude representatives from geography, sodology, soda! ecology, and natural recreation among our contributors. We believe that this volume will serve a useful purpose in helping to integrate the find ings and concepts in this presently somewhat fragmented field, scat tered as they are over a very diverse array of publications representing a similarly varied group of spedalties. It is hoped that the result will be to stimulate future development of this area and to add a measure of in creased coherence to it. Volume 7 of our series will be devoted to the theme of elderly people and the environment, with M. Powell Lawton joining us as guest co-editor. The titles of the papers comprising Volume 7 are shown on page v. Irwin Altman J oachim F. Wohlwill ix Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .