Finite Model Theory

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Author: Heinz-Dieter Ebbinghaus,Jörg Flum

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540287884

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 5767

This is a thoroughly revised and enlarged second edition that presents the main results of descriptive complexity theory, that is, the connections between axiomatizability of classes of finite structures and their complexity with respect to time and space bounds. The logics that are important in this context include fixed-point logics, transitive closure logics, and also certain infinitary languages; their model theory is studied in full detail. The book is written in such a way that the respective parts on model theory and descriptive complexity theory may be read independently.

Quantifiers and Cognition: Logical and Computational Perspectives

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Author: Jakub Szymanik

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319287494

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 211

View: 931

This volume on the semantic complexity of natural language explores the question why some sentences are more difficult than others. While doing so, it lays the groundwork for extending semantic theory with computational and cognitive aspects by combining linguistics and logic with computations and cognition. Quantifier expressions occur whenever we describe the world and communicate about it. Generalized quantifier theory is therefore one of the basic tools of linguistics today, studying the possible meanings and the inferential power of quantifier expressions by logical means. The classic version was developed in the 1980s, at the interface of linguistics, mathematics and philosophy. Before this volume, advances in "classic" generalized quantifier theory mainly focused on logical questions and their applications to linguistics, this volume adds a computational component, the third pillar of language use and logical activity. This book is essential reading for researchers in linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science, logic, AI, and computer science.

Beyond First Order Model Theory

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Author: Jose Iovino

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315351099

Category: Mathematics

Page: 427

View: 1414

Model theory is one of the central branches of mathematical logic. The field has evolved rapidly in the last few decades. This book is an introduction to current trends in model theory, and contains a collection of articles authored by top researchers in the field. It is intended as a reference for students as well as senior researchers.

Language and Automata Theory and Applications

10th International Conference, LATA 2016, Prague, Czech Republic, March 14-18, 2016, Proceedings

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Author: Adrian-Horia Dediu,Jan Janoušek,Carlos Martín-Vide,Bianca Truthe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319300008

Category: Computers

Page: 618

View: 6813

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Language and Automata Theory and Applications, LATA 2016, held in Prague, Czech Republic, in March 2016. The 42 revised full papers presented together with 5 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 119 submissions. The papers cover the following topics: algebraic language theory; algorithms for semi-structured data mining, algorithms on automata and words; automata and logic; automata for system analysis and program verification; automata networks, concurrency and Petri nets; automatic structures; cellular automata, codes, combinatorics on words; computational complexity; data and image compression; descriptional complexity; digital libraries and document engineering; foundations of finite state technology; foundations of XML; fuzzy and rough languages; grammatical inference and algorithmic learning; graphs and graph transformation; language varieties and semigroups; parallel and regulated rewriting; parsing; patterns; string and combinatorial issues in computational biology and bioinformatics; string processing algorithms; symbolic dynamics; term rewriting; transducers; trees, tree languages and tree automata; weighted automata.

Theoretical Computer Science

7th IFIP TC1/WG 2.2 International Conference, TCS 2012, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 26-28, 2012, Proceedings

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Author: Jos C.M. Baeten,Tom Ball,Frank S. de Boer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 364233475X

Category: Computers

Page: 393

View: 7462

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th FIP WG 2.2 International Conference, TCS 2012, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in September 2012. The 25 revised full papers presented, together with one invited talk, were carefully reviewed and selected from 48 submissions. New results of computation theory are presented and more broadly experts in theoretical computer science meet to share insights and ask questions about the future directions of the field.

Fields of Logic and Computation II

Essays Dedicated to Yuri Gurevich on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday

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Author: Lev D. Beklemishev,Andreas Blass,Nachum Dershowitz,Bernd Finkbeiner,Wolfram Schulte

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319235346

Category: Computers

Page: 319

View: 7456

This Festschrift is published in honor of Yuri Gurevich's 75th birthday. Yuri Gurevich has made fundamental contributions on the broad spectrum of logic and computer science, including decision procedures, the monadic theory of order, abstract state machines, formal methods, foundations of computer science, security, and much more. Many of these areas are reflected in the 20 articles in this Festschrift and in the presentations at the "Yurifest" symposium, which was held in Berlin, Germany, on September 11 and 12, 2015. The Yurifest symposium was co-located with the 24th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2015).

Topological Model Theory

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Author: Jorg Flum,Jörg Flum,Martin Ziegler

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 149

View: 2318

Parameterized Complexity Theory

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Author: J. Flum,M. Grohe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540299530

Category: Computers

Page: 495

View: 9267

This book is a state-of-the-art introduction into both algorithmic techniques for fixed-parameter tractability and the structural theory of parameterized complexity classes. It presents detailed proofs of recent advanced results that have not appeared in book form before and replaces the earlier publication "Parameterized Complexity" by Downey and Fellows as the definitive book on this subject. The book will interest computer scientists, mathematicians and graduate students engaged with algorithms and problem complexity.

Topologie

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Author: Klaus Jänich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662105756

Category: Mathematics

Page: 241

View: 1748

Aus den Rezensionen: "Was das Buch vor allem auszeichnet, ist die unkonventionelle Darstellungsweise. Hier wird Mathematik nicht im trockenen Definition-Satz-Beweis-Stil geboten, sondern sie wird dem Leser pointiert und mit viel Humor schmackhaft gemacht. In ungewöhnlich fesselnder Sprache geschrieben, ist die Lektüre dieses Buches auch ein belletristisches Vergnügen. Fast 200 sehr instruktive und schöne Zeichnungen unterstützen das Verständnis, motivieren die behandelten Aussagen, modellieren die tragenden Beweisideen heraus. Ungewöhnlich ist auch das Register, das unter jedem Stichwort eine Kurzdefinition enthält und somit umständliches Nachschlagen erspart". Wiss. Zeitschrift der TU Dresden Jetzt in der siebenten, durchgesehenen Auflage!

Newsletter

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Author: New Zealand Mathematical Society

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 5112

The Higher Infinite

Large Cardinals in Set Theory from Their Beginnings

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Author: Akihiro Kanamori

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540888667

Category: Mathematics

Page: 538

View: 4589

Over the years, this book has become a standard reference and guide in the set theory community. It provides a comprehensive account of the theory of large cardinals from its beginnings and some of the direct outgrowths leading to the frontiers of contemporary research, with open questions and speculations throughout.

Stochastic Processes - Inference Theory

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Author: Malempati M. Rao

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319121723

Category: Mathematics

Page: 669

View: 4093

This is the revised and enlarged 2nd edition of the authors’ original text, which was intended to be a modest complement to Grenander's fundamental memoir on stochastic processes and related inference theory. The present volume gives a substantial account of regression analysis, both for stochastic processes and measures, and includes recent material on Ridge regression with some unexpected applications, for example in econometrics. The first three chapters can be used for a quarter or semester graduate course on inference on stochastic processes. The remaining chapters provide more advanced material on stochastic analysis suitable for graduate seminars and discussions, leading to dissertation or research work. In general, the book will be of interest to researchers in probability theory, mathematical statistics and electrical and information theory.

Set Theory

The Third Millennium Edition, revised and expanded

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Author: Thomas Jech

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540440852

Category: Mathematics

Page: 772

View: 7545

This monograph covers the recent major advances in various areas of set theory. From the reviews: "One of the classical textbooks and reference books in set theory....The present ‘Third Millennium’ edition...is a whole new book. In three parts the author offers us what in his view every young set theorist should learn and master....This well-written book promises to influence the next generation of set theorists, much as its predecessor has done." --MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie

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Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 7181

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.

Numerische Behandlung partieller Differentialgleichungen

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Author: Christian Großmann,Hans-Görg Roos

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783519220893

Category: Mathematics

Page: 572

View: 9176

Mathematiker, Naturwissenschaftler und Ingenieure erhalten mit diesem Lehrbuch eine Einführung in die numerische Behandlung partieller Differentialgleichungen. Diskutiert werden die grundlegenden Verfahren - Finite Differenzen, Finite Volumen und Finite Elemente - für die wesentlichen Typen partieller Differentialgleichungen: elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische Gleichungen. Einbezogen werden auch moderne Methoden zur Lösung der diskreten Probleme. Hinweise auf aktuelle Software sowie zahlreiche Beispiele und Übungsaufgaben runden diese Einführung ab.

Motivic Integration and its Interactions with Model Theory and Non-Archimedean Geometry:

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Author: Raf Cluckers,Johannes Nicaise,Julien Sebag

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139501739

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3030

The development of Maxim Kontsevich's initial ideas on motivic integration has unexpectedly influenced many other areas of mathematics, ranging from the Langlands program over harmonic analysis, to non-Archimedean analysis, singularity theory and birational geometry. This book assembles the different theories of motivic integration and their applications for the first time, allowing readers to compare different approaches and assess their individual strengths. All of the necessary background is provided to make the book accessible to graduate students and researchers from algebraic geometry, model theory and number theory. Applications in several areas are included so that readers can see motivic integration at work in other domains. In a rapidly-evolving area of research this book will prove invaluable. This second volume discusses various applications of non-Archimedean geometry, model theory and motivic integration and the interactions between these domains.

Fundamentals of Mathematical Logic

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Author: Peter G. Hinman

Publisher: A K Peters/CRC Press

ISBN: 9781568812625

Category: Mathematics

Page: 896

View: 2357

This introductory graduate text covers modern mathematical logic from propositional, first-order and infinitary logic and Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems to extensive introductions to set theory, model theory and recursion (computability) theory. Based on the author's more than 35 years of teaching experience, the book develops students' intuition by presenting complex ideas in the simplest context for which they make sense. The book is appropriate for use as a classroom text, for self-study, and as a reference on the state of modern logic.

Nonstandard Analysis, Axiomatically

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Author: Vladimir Kanovei,Michael Reeken

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366208998X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 410

View: 4433

In the aftermath of the discoveries in foundations of mathematiC's there was surprisingly little effect on mathematics as a whole. If one looks at stan dard textbooks in different mathematical disciplines, especially those closer to what is referred to as applied mathematics, there is little trace of those developments outside of mathematical logic and model theory. But it seems fair to say that there is a widespread conviction that the principles embodied in the Zermelo - Fraenkel theory with Choice (ZFC) are a correct description of the set theoretic underpinnings of mathematics. In most textbooks of the kind referred to above, there is, of course, no discussion of these matters, and set theory is assumed informally, although more advanced principles like Choice or sometimes Replacement are often mentioned explicitly. This implicitly fixes a point of view of the mathemat ical universe which is at odds with the results in foundations. For example most mathematicians still take it for granted that the real number system is uniquely determined up to isomorphism, which is a correct point of view as long as one does not accept to look at "unnatural" interpretations of the membership relation.