Fighting Talk

Forty Maxims on War, Peace, and Strategy

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Author: Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275991319

Category: History

Page: 190

View: 7960

Through forty maxims developed by the author, this book offers advice on how we can best cope with the perils that lurk for us in future strategic history.

The Practice of Strategy

From Alexander the Great to the Present

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Author: John Andreas Olsen,Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199608636

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 9206

The Practice of Strategy focuses on grand strategy and military strategy as practiced over an extended period of time and under very different circumstances, from the campaigns of Alexander the Great to insurgencies and counter-insurgencies in present-day Afghanistan and Iraq. It presents strategy as it pertained not only to wars, campaigns, and battles, but also to times of peace that were over-shadowed by the threat of war. The book is intended to deepen understanding of the phenomena and logic of strategy by reconstructing the considerations and factors that shaped imperial and nation-state policies. Through historical case studies, the book sheds light on a fundamental question: is there a unity to all strategic experience? Adopting the working definition of strategy as 'the art of winning by purposely matching ends, ways and means,' these chapters deal with the intrinsic nature of war and strategy and the characteristics of a particular strategy in a given conflict. They show that a specific convergence of political objectives, operational schemes of manoeuvre, tactical moves and countermoves, technological innovations and limitations, geographic settings, transient emotions and more made each conflict studied unique. Yet, despite the extraordinary variety of the people, circumstances, and motives discussed in this book, there is a strong case for continuity in the application of strategy from the olden days to the present. Together, these chapters reveal that grand strategy and military strategy have elements of continuity and change, art and science. They further suggest that the element of continuity lies in the essential nature of strategy and war, while the element of change lies in the character of individual strategies and wars.

Internationale Sicherheit

Eine Einführung

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Author: Sebastian Enskat,Carlo Masala

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658023708

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 4827

​Dieses Lehrbuch macht mit einigen grundlegenden Inhalten und konzeptionellen Überlegungen zum Themengebiet Internationale Sicherheit vertraut. Klassische Problemfelder wie Krieg und Frieden spielen dabei genauso eine Rolle wie neuere Ansätze in der Sicherheitsforschung. Das Buch leitet so zum eigenständigen, systematischen und politikwissenschaftlich fundierten Nachdenken über internationale Sicherheit an.

Thalassokratographie

Rezeption und Transformation antiker Seeherrschaft

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Author: Hans Kopp,Christian Wendt

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110570548

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 324

View: 2236

So vielfältig die spätere Rezeption antiker Seeherrschaft auch war, ist sie bislang doch nicht Gegenstand einer umfassenden Untersuchung geworden. Es zeichnet die griechisch-römische Antike aus, dass sie nicht nur reale Anläufe zur Erringung von Seeherrschaft kannte, sondern auch ein Reservoir an Bildern, Narrativen und Semantiken maritimer Macht entwickelte, das in späteren Zeiten genutzt werden konnte, um Auseinandersetzungen mit zeitgenössischer Seeherrschaft zu entwickeln. Insbesondere am Beginn der Neuzeit, als die Wiederentdeckung antiken Wissens mit einer Maritimisierung von Politik und Lebenswelt zusammenfiel, kam es zu einer intensiven Rezeption der Ausdrucksformen antiker Seeherrschaft. Doch auch später war diese immer wieder das Objekt von Um- und Neuinterpretationen, die helfen sollten, die jeweils eigene Gegenwart und teils auch die Zukunft zu deuten. Anhand ausgewählter Beispiele von bereits antiken Verarbeitungen bis zum modernen Science-Fiction-Roman wird in diesem Band ersichtlich, wie sich Konzepte und Bilder von Seeherrschaft immer wieder neu im Dialog mit der Antike entwickelten und wie Vorstellungen antiker Seeherrschaft so nicht nur rezipiert, sondern auch transformiert wurden.

33 Gesetze der Strategie

Kompaktausgabe

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Author: Robert Greene

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446436421

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 9057

In diesem Buch spannt Robert Greene einen weiten Bogen und stellt uns die Großmeister der Strategie vor, von Sunzi bis Churchill, von Hannibal über Friedrich den Großen bis Napoleon. Von ihren großen Erfolgen, aber auch von ihren Fehlern kann jeder lernen, denn strategisches Denken braucht man überall: in Wirtschaft und Politik, im Beruf wie im Privatleben. Die "33 Gesetze der Strategie" des Bestsellerautors Robert Greene erstmals auf Deutsch: knapp, prägnant, unterhaltsam.

Clausewitz lesen!

eine Einführung

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Author: Beatrice Heuser

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 9783486577433

Category: Strategy

Page: 269

View: 4741

Nuclear Weapons and Cooperative Security in the 21st Century

The New Disorder

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Author: Stephen J. Cimbala

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113520280X

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 8447

This book looks at the prospects for international cooperation over nuclear weapons proliferation in the 21st century. Nuclear weapons served as stabilizing forces during the Cold War, or the First Nuclear Age, on account of their capability for destruction, the fear that this created among politicians and publics, and the domination of the nuclear world order by two superpowers: the United States and the Soviet Union. The end of the Cold War, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and the potential for nuclear weapons acquisition among revisionist states, or even non-state actors including terrorists, creates the possibility of a 'wolves eat dogs' phenomenon in the present century. In the 21st century, three forces threaten to undo or weaken the long nuclear peace and fast-forward states into a new and more dangerous situation: the existence of large US and Russian nuclear weapons arsenals; the potential for new technologies, including missile defenses and long-range, precision conventional weapons, and a collapse or atrophy of the nuclear nonproliferation regime, and the opening of the door for nuclear weapons to spread among more than the currently acknowledged nuclear states. This book explains how these three 'weakening' forces interact with one another and with US and Russian policy-making in order to create an environment of large possibilities for cooperative security - but also of considerable danger. Instead, the choices made by military planners and policy-makers will create an early twenty-first century story privileging nuclear stability or chaos. The US and Russia can, and should, make incremental progress in arms control and nonproliferation. This book will be of much interest to students of nuclear proliferation and arms control, strategic studies, international security and IR in general. Stephen J. Cimbala is Distinguished Professor of Political Science at Pennsylvania State University. He is the author of numerous works in the fields of international security, defense studies, nuclear arms control and other topics. He has consulted for various US government agencies and defense contractors.

Strategy and Politics

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Author: Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134697996

Category: History

Page: 186

View: 3592

This book examines the subject of strategy and its relationship with politics. Despite the fact that strategy is always the product of political process, the relationship between the two concepts and their ancillary activities has scarcely been touched by scholars. This book corrects that serious deficiency, and explains the high relevance of political factors for matters of general defence. Each chapter aims to show how and why strategy and politics interact and how this interaction has had significant consequences historically. Neither strategy nor politics can make sense if considered alone. Strategy requires direction that can only be provided by political process, while politics cannot be implemented without strategy. In summary, this volume will explain: what strategy is (and is not) why strategy is essential what strategy does and how it does it how strategy is made and executed Written by a leading scholar and former practitioner, this book will be essential reading for all students of military strategy, strategic studies, security studies and war and conflict studies.

Tribe

Das verlorene Wissen um Gemeinschaft und Menschlichkeit

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Author: Sebastian Junger

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 3641203619

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 3228

Unser Trauma: eine Gesellschaft ohne Gemeinschaft. »Entbehrungen machen dem Menschen nichts aus, er ist sogar auf sie angewiesen; worunter er jedoch leidet, ist das Gefühl, nicht gebraucht zu werden. Die moderne Gesellschaft hat die Kunst perfektioniert, Menschen das Gefühl der Nutzlosigkeit zu geben. Es ist an der Zeit, dem ein Ende zu setzen.« Sebastian Junger Warum beschließen Soldaten nach ihrer Rückkehr aus dem Krieg und in die Heimat, sich zu neuen Einsätzen zu melden? Warum sind Belastungsstörungen und Depressionen in unserer modernen Gesellschaft so virulent? Warum erinnern sich Menschen oft sehnsüchtiger an Katastrophenerfahrungen als an Hochzeiten oder Karibikurlaube? Mit Tribe hat Sebastian Junger eines der meistdiskutierten Werke des Jahres vorgelegt. Er erklärt, was wir von Stammeskulturen über Loyalität, Gemeinschaftsgefühl und die ewige Suche des Menschen nach Sinn lernen können.

National Security Dilemmas

Challenges & Opportunities

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Author: Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 1597976547

Category: History

Page: 334

View: 6641

A contemporary primer on the leading arguments about U.S. national security, National Security Dilemmas addresses the major challenges and opportunities that are live-issue areas for American policymakers and strategists today. Colin S. Gray provides an in-depth analysis of a policy and strategy for deterrence; the long-term U.S. bid to transform its armed forces' capabilities, with particular reference to strategic surprise, in the face of many great uncertainties; the difficulty of understanding and exploiting the challenge of revolutionary change in warfare; the problems posed by enemies who fight using irregular methods; and the awesome dilemmas for U.S. policy over the options to wage preventive and preemptive warfare. With forty years' experience as a strategist, within and outside of government, Gray uses a problem-solving motif throughout the book, suggesting solutions to the challenges he identifies. The book's master narrative is that the United States must take a more considered strategic approach to its security dilemmas. Too often, the country's leaders decide on a policy and then move to take action, all the while neglecting to devise a plan that would connect its political purposes to military means. While many of Gray's judgments here are critical of current ideas and behavior, he crafted them as helpful guides should planners adopt them when revising policies and approaches. Strategy is a practical matter; truly it is the zone wherein theory meets practice. This text can be used as an expert guide to the major national security challenges of today. It both explains the structure of these challenges and provides useful answers. With a foreword by Lt. Gen. Paul K. Van Riper, USMC (Ret.), Bren Chair, Marine Corps University, Quantico, Virginia.

Coercing Compliance

State-Initiated Brute Force in Today's World

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Author: Robert Mandel

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804795355

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 4087

Few global security issues stimulate more fervent passion than the application of brute force. Despite the fierce debate raging about it in government, society and the Academy, inadequate strategic understanding surrounds the issue, prompting the urgent need for —the first comprehensive systematic global analysis of 21st century state-initiated internal and external applications of brute force. Based on extensive case evidence, Robert Mandel assesses the short-term and long-term, the local and global, the military, political, economic, and social, and the state and human security impacts of brute force. He explicitly isolates the conditions under which brute force works best and worst by highlighting force initiator and force target attributes linked to brute force success and common but low-impact force legitimacy concerns. Mandel comes to two major overarching conclusions. First, that the modern global application of brute force shows a pattern of futility—but one that is more a function of states' misapplication of brute force than of the inherent deficiencies of this instrument itself. Second, that the realm for successful application of state-initiated brute force is shrinking: for while state-initiated brute force can serve as a transitional short-run local military solution, he says, it cannot by itself provide a long-run global strategic solution or serve as a cure for human security problems. Taking the evidence and his conclusions together, Mandel provides policy advice for managing brute force use in the modern world.

Always Strategic

Jointly Essential Landpower

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Author: Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Department of the Army

ISBN: 9781584876656

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 7979

American Landpower is a strategic instrument of state policy and needs to be considered as such. This monograph explores and explains the nature of Landpower, both in general terms and also with particular regard to the American case. The monograph argues that: (1) Landpower is unique in the character of the quality it brings to the American joint team for national security; (2) the U.S. has a permanent need for the human quality in Landpower that this element provides inherently; (3) Landpower is always and, indeed, necessarily strategic in its meaning and implications--it is a quintessentially strategic instrument of state policy and politics; (4) strategic Landpower is unavoidably and beneficially joint in its functioning, this simply is so much the contemporary character of American strategic Landpower that we should consider jointness integral to its permanent nature; and (5) strategic Landpower has an enduring position of dominance on the joint military team because conflict, war, and warfare have demonstrated all too convincingly over the course of 2,500 years that they do not register much of great relative significance with respect to change over time. In short, the strategic Landpower maintained today safely can be assumed to be necessary for security long into the future. No matter how familiar the concept of strategic Landpower is when identified and expressed thus, it is a physical and psychological reality that has persisted to strategic effect through all of the strategic history to which we have access. Other products pertaining to this topic include the following: The Future of American Landpower: Does Forward Presence Still Matter?: The Case of the Army in the Pacific can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01099-4 Senior Conference 50, The Army We Need: The Role of Landpower in an Uncertain Strategic Environment, June 1-3, 2014 can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01102-8 A Russian View on Landpower can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01142-7

Die Demokratie und ihre Feinde

Wer gestaltet die neue Weltordnung?

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Author: Robert Kagan

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641033713

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 692

Plädoyer für eine demokratische Weltordnung Robert Kagan bringt die weltpolitische Situation seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges auf den Punkt. Den demokratischen Staaten steht mit Russland, China und Iran eine wachsende Zahl nach Macht und Einfluss strebender autokratischer Regime gegenüber. Gleichzeitig werden die Werte des Westens vom Herrschaftsanspruch radikaler Islamisten bedroht. Leidenschaftlich und pointiert stellt uns Kagan vor die Alternative, entweder die Welt im Sinne unserer freiheitlich-demokratischen Vorstellungen zu formen oder uns in einer neuen Weltordnung einzurichten, die andere gestaltet haben. Nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges keimte die Hoffnung, das Ende der Geschichte sei gekommen, eine friedvolle Zukunft liege vor uns. Diese Hoffnung war trügerisch. Die Jugoslawienkriege, der Kosovo-Konflikt und der 11. September zeigten auf brutale Weise, dass Nationalismen, ethnische Zugehörigkeiten und Religion die Völker nach wie vor trennen und in blutige Konflikte stürzen. Auch Großmachtansprüche gehören keineswegs der Vergangenheit an. Russland, China und Iran lassen ihre Muskeln spielen. Eindringlich ruft Robert Kagan die demokratischen Staaten dazu auf, sich zusammenzuschließen und gemeinsam für Demokratie und liberale Werte einzustehen. Die Geschichte ist zurückgekehrt, die hochfliegenden optimistischen Träume, die man nach dem Mauerfall und dem Zusammenbruch des Ostblocks gehegt hatte, sind ausgeträumt. Die Demokraten dürfen die Welt nicht den Despoten und Autokraten überlassen, sondern müssen aktiv an der Gestaltung einer neuen Weltordnung mitwirken. Kagan ist einer der scharfsinnigsten politischen Denker in den USA.

Strategie

die Logik von Krieg und Frieden

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Author: Edward Luttwak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783934920125

Category:

Page: 355

View: 9045

Vom alten Schlag

Der Zweite Weltkrieg am anderen Ende der Welt. Erinnerungen

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Author: E.B. Sledge

Publisher: Riva Verlag

ISBN: 3864134110

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 1358

Eugene B. Sledge diente als Soldat im 3. Bataillon, 5. Kompanie der berühmten 1. US-Marineinfanteriedivision – der ältesten, ruhmreichsten und größten aktiven Division des US Marine Corps. Im Zweiten Weltkrieg wurde der 20-Jährige an die Front im Pazifik geschickt, wo er an den Gefechten der amerikanischen Armee gegen die Japaner um Peleliu und Okinawa teilnahm. In diesem Buch beschreibt Sledge auf klare und erschütternd nüchterne Weise die Erfahrungen eines Marines an der Front im Pazifik. Die Grausamkeit und Brutalität des Krieges sind darin ebenso festgehalten wie das Gefühl aufrichtiger Kameradschaft, schonungslose Schilderungen wüster Kämpfe sowie rührende Momentaufnahmen am Rande des Geschehens. Ein einzigartiges Dokument des Schreckens und ein weltbekannter Klassiker der Kriegsliteratur.

War of Annihilation

Combat and Genocide on the Eastern Front, 1941

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Author: Geoffrey P. Megargee

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742544826

Category: History

Page: 177

View: 8681

On June 22, 1941, Hitler began what would be the most important campaign of the European theater. The war against the Soviet Union would leave tens of millions of Soviet citizens dead and large parts of the country in ruins. This title provides a concise history of the Germans' opening campaign of conquest and genocide in 1941.

Joint Force Quarterly

JFQ.

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Unified operations (Military science)

Page: N.A

View: 327