Fields of Play

An Ethnography of Children's Sports

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Author: Noel Dyck

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442600799

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 8854

At a time when people are living into their tenth decade, the longest longitudinal study of human development ever undertaken offers welcome news for old age: our lives evolve in our later years and often become more fulfilling. Reporting on all aspects of male life Triumphs of Experience shares a number of surprising findings.

Hidden Heads of the Households

Child Labor in Urban Northeast Brazil

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Author: Mary Lorena Kenny

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442600843

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 3031

"Kenny treats the often taboo topic of child labor with clear-eyed perception and a bracing lack of sentimentality." - Barbara J. Price, Columbia University

Made in Madagascar

Sapphires, Ecotourism, and the Global Bazaar

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Author: Andrew Walsh

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442694750

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 8615

Since the 1990s, the Ankarana region of northern Madagascar has developed a reputation among globe-trotting gemstone traders and tourists as a source of some of the world's most precious natural wonders. Although some might see Ankarana's sapphire and ecotourist trades as being at odds with each other, many local people understand these trades to be fundamentally connected, most obviously in how both serve foreign demand for what Madagascar has to offer the world. Walsh explores the tensions and speculations that have come with the parallel emergence of these two trades with sensitivity and a critical eye, allowing for insights into globalization, inequality, and the appeal of the "natural." For more information, and to read a hyperlinked version of the first chapter online, visit www.madeinmadagascar.org.

Migrants to the Coasts: Livelihood, Resource Management, and Global Change in the Philippines

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Author: James Eder

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495095249

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 9737

This case study explores the impact of globalization on environmental and human well being in the coastal zone of Palawan Island in the Philippines. The reader will learn about histories, livelihoods, gender roles, socio-economic hierarchies, and the interdependency of fishing and farming in communities whose members are of different ethnic backgrounds and who originally settled or recently migrated to this region. Each of these communities has a unique pattern for using resources with a corresponding impact on the environment. Globalization affects local patterns of resource exploitation by causing population growth and introducing technologies and market forces that intensify destructive kinds of resource use. The movement to conserve the natural environment also has a global reach, as illustrated by an unsuccessful attempt to establish a series of marine protected areas in the municipality of San Vicente. The author bases his assessment of this failure on interviews conducted in four of the ten communities in San Vicente, and on a comparative analysis of similar projects in the Philippines and elsewhere. Although officials cited technical problems, the failure to establish viable marine protected areas was primarily due to lack of real local participation and inattention to people’s daily needs in pursuing their livelihoods. As infrastructure and the social environment change, some households on their own find new ways to make a living that reduce the pressure on marine resources. The author concludes by suggesting that conservation policies and projects have greater chance for success by facilitating appropriate new ways of making a living. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

How to Think Like an Anthropologist

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Author: Matthew Engelke

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400889529

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 8911

From an award-winning anthropologist, a lively accessible, and at times irreverent introduction to the subject What is anthropology? What can it tell us about the world? Why, in short, does it matter? For well over a century, cultural anthropologists have circled the globe, from Papua New Guinea to suburban England and from China to California, uncovering surprising facts and insights about how humans organize their lives and articulate their values. In the process, anthropology has done more than any other discipline to reveal what culture means--and why it matters. By weaving together examples and theories from around the world, Matthew Engelke provides a lively, accessible, and at times irreverent introduction to anthropology, covering a wide range of classic and contemporary approaches, subjects, and practitioners. Presenting a set of memorable cases, he encourages readers to think deeply about some of the key concepts with which anthropology tries to make sense of the world—from culture and nature to authority and blood. Along the way, he shows why anthropology matters: not only because it helps us understand other cultures and points of view but also because, in the process, it reveals something about ourselves and our own cultures, too.

Plantations and Death Camps

Religion, Ideology, and Human Dignity

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Author: Beverly Eileen Mitchell

Publisher: Augsburg Fortress

ISBN: 1451404328

Category: Religion

Page: 147

View: 9112

Historical theologian Beverly Mitchell probes some of the most egregious assaults on humans in the modern era to divine not only the root of racial and ethnic oppressions but also the unassailable heart of human dignity revealed in that suffering. Mitchells work looks at the parallel oppressions that were visited upon African Americans in the slave era and upon Jews in the Nazi era. Mitchell finds a deeper commonality is the underlying religious and ideological justifications for their oppressions and the underlying, dynamic theological features of each.

Ancestral Lines

The Maisin of Papua New Guinea and the Fate of the Rainforest, Second Edition

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Author: John Barker

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442635940

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 6339

This compelling ethnography offers a nuanced case study of the ways in which the Maisin of Papua New Guinea navigate pressing economic and environmental issues. Beautifully written and accessible to most readers, Ancestral Lines is designed with introductory cultural anthropology courses in mind. Barker has organized the book into chapters that mirror many of the major topics covered in introductory cultural anthropology, such as kinship, economic pursuit, social arrangements, gender relations, religion, politics, and the environment. The second edition has been revised throughout, with a new timeline of events and a final chapter that brings readers up to date on important events since 2002, including a devastating cyclone and a major court victory against the forestry industry.

Neutral Accent

How Language, Labor, and Life Become Global

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Author: A. Aneesh

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780822358534

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 4626

A. Aneesh uses India's call centers as sites to study the consequences of successful global integration. Call center work requires neutralizing racial, ethnic, and national identities, which causes a disintegration of self where the performance of one's neutralized identity serves the system of global markets.

Radiation Brain Moms and Citizen Scientists

The Gender Politics of Food Contamination after Fukushima

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Author: Aya Hirata Kimura

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822373963

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 7763

Following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant disaster in 2011 many concerned citizens—particularly mothers—were unconvinced by the Japanese government’s assurances that the country’s food supply was safe. They took matters into their own hands, collecting their own scientific data that revealed radiation-contaminated food. In Radiation Brain Moms and Citizen Scientists Aya Hirata Kimura shows how, instead of being praised for their concern about their communities’ health and safety, they faced stiff social sanctions, which dismissed their results by attributing them to the work of irrational and rumor-spreading women who lacked scientific knowledge. These citizen scientists were unsuccessful at gaining political traction, as they were constrained by neoliberal and traditional gender ideologies that dictated how private citizens—especially women—should act. By highlighting the challenges these citizen scientists faced, Kimura provides insights into the complicated relationship between science, foodways, gender, and politics in post-Fukushima Japan and beyond.

Language Practices of Indigenous Children and Youth

The Transition from Home to School

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Author: Gillian Wigglesworth,Jane Simpson,Jill Vaughan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137601205

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 417

View: 7076

This book explores the experiences of Indigenous children and young adults around the world as they navigate the formal education system and wider society. Profiling a range of different communities and sociolinguistic contexts, this book examines the language ecologies of their local communities, schools and wider society and the approaches taken by these communities to maintain children’s home languages. The authors examine such complex themes as curriculum, translanguaging, contact languages and language use as cultural practice. In doing so, this edited collection acts as a first step towards developing solutions which address the complexity of the issues facing these children and young people. It will appeal to students and scholars of sociolinguistics, applied linguistics and community development, as well as language professionals including teachers, curriculum developers, language planners and educators.

What Is the Indian Problem?

Tutelage and Resistance in Canadian Indian Administration

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Author: Dyck Noel

Publisher: St. John's, Nfld. : Institute of Social and Economic Research, Memorial University of Newfoundland

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 2954

Critically examines past and present relations between Indians and the government in Canada, demonstrating the manner in which the Indian "problem" was created and how it has been maintained and exacerbated by the policies and administrative practices designed to solve it.

Sociolinguistics and Language Education

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Author: Prof. Nancy H. Hornberger,Dr. Sandra Lee McKay

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847694010

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 600

View: 6548

This book, addressed to experienced and novice language educators, provides an up-to-date overview of sociolinguistics, reflecting changes in the global situation and the continuing evolution of the field and its relevance to language education around the world. Topics covered include nationalism and popular culture, style and identity, creole languages, critical language awareness, gender and ethnicity, multimodal literacies, classroom discourse, and ideologies and power. Whether considering the role of English as an international language or innovative initiatives in Indigenous language revitalization, in every context of the world sociolinguistic perspectives highlight the fluid and flexible use of language in communities and classrooms, and the importance of teacher practices that open up spaces of awareness and acceptance of --and access to--the widest possible communicative repertoire for students.

Writing in Foreign Language Contexts

Learning, Teaching, and Research

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Author: Rosa Manchón

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1847691838

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 301

View: 6178

This book represents the most comprehensive account to date of foreign language writing. Its basic aim is to reflect critically on where the field is now and where it needs to go next in the exploration of foreign language writing at the levels of theory, research, and pedagogy.

Drawn to See

Drawing as an Ethnographic Method

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Author: Andrew Causey

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442636688

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 6683

In this meditation/how-to guide on drawing as an ethnographic method, Andrew Causey offers insights, inspiration, practical techniques, and encouragement for social scientists interested in exploring drawing as a way of translating what they "see" during their research.

Teacher Education for High Poverty Schools

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Author: Jo Lampert,Bruce Burnett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319220594

Category: Education

Page: 251

View: 7743

This volume captures the innovative, theory-based, and grounded work being done by established scholars who are interrogating how teacher education can prepare teachers to work in challenging and diverse high-poverty settings. It offers articles from the US, Australia, Canada, the UK and Chile by some of the most significant scholars in the field. Internationally, research suggests that effective teachers for high poverty schools require deep theoretical understanding as well as the capacity to function across three well-substantiated areas: deep content knowledge, well-tuned pedagogical skills, and demonstrated attributes that prove their understanding and commitment to social justice. Schools in low socioeconomic communities need quality teachers most, however, they are often staffed by the least experienced and least prepared teachers. The chapters in this volume examine how pre-service teachers are taught to understand the social contexts of education. Drawing on the individual expertise of the authors, the topics covered include unpacking poverty for pre-service teachers, issues related to urban schooling as well as remote and regional area schooling.

Travelling Concepts in the Humanities

A Rough Guide

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Author: Mieke Bal

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442690453

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 3305

Attempting to bridge the gap between specialised scholarship in the humanistic disciplines and an interdisciplinary project of cultural analysis, Mieke Bal has written an intellectual travel guide that charts the course 'beyond' cultural studies. As with any guide, it can be used in a number of ways and the reader can follow or willfully ignore any of the paths it maps or signposts. Bal's focus for this book is the idea that interdisciplinarity in the humanities - necessary, exciting, serious - must seek its heuristic and methodological basis in concepts rather than its methods. Concepts are not grids to put over an object. The counterpart of any given concept is the cultural text or work or 'thing' that constitutes the object of analysis. No concept is meaningful for cultural analysis unless it helps us to understand the object better on its own terms. Bal offers the reader a sustained theoretical reflection on how to 'do' cultural analysis through a tentative practice of doing just that. This offers a concrete practice to theoretical constructs, and allows the proposed method more accessibility. Please note: illustrations have been removed from the ebook at the request of the rightsholder.

The Life of a Text

Performing the Rāmcaritmānas of Tulsidas

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Author: Philip Lutgendorf

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520066908

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 469

View: 4319

"The range of Manas performance traditions captured here is immense. What is wonderful and remarkable is that each is presented vividly, with careful ethnographic detail, so that they become living traditions to the reader."--Susan Wadley, Syracuse University

Adoption and impact of OER in the Global South

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Author: Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl,Arinto, Patricia Brazil

Publisher: African Minds

ISBN: 1928331483

Category: Education

Page: 610

View: 3966

Education in the Global South faces several key interrelated challenges, for which Open Educational Resources (OER) are seen to be part of the solution. These challenges include: unequal access to education; variable quality of educational resources, teaching, and student performance; and increasing cost and concern about the sustainability of education. The Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) project seeks to build on and contribute to the body of research on how OER can help to improve access, enhance quality and reduce the cost of education in the Global South. This volume examines aspects of educator and student adoption of OER and engagement in Open Educational Practices (OEP) in secondary and tertiary education as well as teacher professional development in 21 countries in South America, Sub-Saharan Africa and South and Southeast Asia. The ROER4D studies and syntheses presented here aim to help inform Open Education advocacy, policy, practice and research in developing countries.

Ukraine

A History, 4th Edition

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Author: Orest Subtelny

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442697288

Category: History

Page: 888

View: 8277

In 1988, the first edition of Orest Subtelny's Ukraine was published to international acclaim, as the definitive history of what was at that time a republic in the USSR. In the years since, the world has seen the dismantling of the Soviet bloc and the restoration of Ukraine's independence - an event celebrated by Ukrainians around the world but which also heralded a time of tumultuous change for those in the homeland. While previous updates brought readers up to the year 2000, this new fourth edition includes an overview of Ukraine's most recent history, focusing on the dramatic political, socio-economic, and cultural changes that occurred during the Kuchma and Yushchenko presidencies. It analyzes political developments - particularly the so-called Orange Revolution - and the institutional growth of the new state. Subtelny examines Ukraine's entry into the era of globalization, looking at social and economic transformations, regional, ideological, and linguistic tensions, and describes the myriad challenges currently facing Ukrainian state and society.

Foreign Language Teachers and Intercultural Competence

An International Investigation

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Author: Lies Sercu,Ewa Bandura

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781853598432

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 219

View: 9819

Foreign Language Teachers and Intercultural Communication: An International Investigation reports on a study that focused on teachers' beliefs regarding intercultural competence teaching in foreign language education. Its conclusions are based on data collected in a quantitative comparative study that comprises questionnaire answers received from teachers in seven countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Poland, Mexico, Greece, Spain and Sweden. It not only creates new knowledge on the variability, and relative consistency, of today's foreign language teachers' views regarding intercultural competence teaching in a number of countries, but also gives us a picture that is both more concrete and more comprehensive than previously known.